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Chemical Dependency, Particularly Alcoholism Research Paper

… 69).

By contrast, critics of this growing trend maintain that treatment manuals "ignore a rich heritage of psychological theory, reduce treatment to simple recipes dictated largely by the pressures of the insurance marketplace, and subtly restrict responsive and creative adaptation of treatment to the diverse needs of a heterogeneous client population" (Shumate, 2002, p. 69). Armed with their DSM, PDR and appropriate treatment manuals, then, some clinicians may erroneously believe they have all of the tools they need to treat the most complex chemical dependencies cases they encounter. As Shumate concludes, "Most importantly -- some opponents contend-treatment manuals delude practitioners into the belief that the mysterious process of change and recovery has now been identified, quantified, and reduced to an easy-to-use, step-by-step format; a non-medical…. [read more]


Exist Between Alcoholism Term Paper

… g., Merikangas & Gelernter, 1990). A large-scale twin study of women suggests that the substantial co-morbidity between major depression and alcoholism is also a result of genetic factors that contribute to both disorders (Kendler, Heath, Neale, Kessler, & Eaves, 1993).

Aside from showing a shared variance between depression and alcoholism, studies also have shown a possible causal link in the relation between the two to account for part of that variance....Overall, then, findings show that alcohol abuse and dependence on alcohol can be major predisposing factors to depression.

Tomer (2001), on the other hand, suggests that while alcoholism is certainly not rational (i.e. goes against the best interests of the actor in many cases) this does not mean that it is not learned behavior.

There…. [read more]


Cognitive Behavioral Approach to Treating Alcohol Dependence Term Paper

… Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to Treat Alcohol Dependence

The use of cognitive behavioral therapy in treating alcohol dependence

Alcohol belongs to a family of compounds called stimulants. Many people consume it for different reasons; several people take alcoholic beverages when they want to enjoy themselves with family members, friends and colleagues while some groups are addicted to it claiming it helps fight depression and anxiety. These set of people cannot fight the urge to overuse and by so doing, they ultimately depend on it. This can be appropriately called 'alcohol dependence'. When taken, alcohol depresses the central nervous system and causes loss of concentration. Simply put, it dulls the brain of its consumer.

Mankind has been bedeviled with the rising incidence of alcohol dependence and abuse.…. [read more]


How to Properly Treat Alcoholism Research Paper

… Psychology of Alcoholism

There are many that have come to know alcoholism as a disorder that is very physical in nature. Indeed, there is quite often a physical aspect to a person craving alcohol. This physical dependency can become so severe and nasty that going "cold turkey" off of alcohol can literally kill a person that is trying to quit it. However, this is certainly not the only aspect to alcoholism. Addictions and proclivities like alcoholism often take on a dual manifestation in that they can be both physical and psychological in nature. Most addictions are mostly or only one or the other but drugs in particular can have this dual-pronged presence that can really paralyze people and keep hooked as they have to get…. [read more]


Alcohol Prohibition Lead to Crime? Term Paper

… Crime was often overlooked due to this. The lack of state funding and man power contributed to the growth in crime during the Prohibition Era.

According to Kyvig, "prohibition was most assuredly a major landmark in the history of American syndicate crime." The organized crime syndicate is a byproduct of the prohibition. With loose state laws, bootlegging, and smuggling abound, crime became more 'organized'. Gangs had declared territories, with key members often in political power. Law enforcement agencies then reflected this corruption in its own enforcers. Many judges and police officers were eventually brought to justice after lending support to local crime syndicates.

Essentially, criminal syndicates are businesses that pose as legitimate organizations, but really exist solely to promote the gainfulness of the criminal underworld.…. [read more]


Voluntary and Involuntary Manslaughter? Essay

… "

The burden of proof rests with the defence and cannot be raised by the trial judge. For practical purposes, the defence of diminished responsibility will rely upon the medical evidence presented at trial. The defendant has to prove three elements: an abnormality of the mind was present at the time the killing took place; the abnormality of the mind arose as a result of one of the causes specifically identified in the legislation; and the impairment was substantial enough to impact the defendant's moral responsibility.

8. Can alcoholism ever amount to diminished responsibility?

Under certain circumstances, alcoholism can amount to diminished responsibility, but in order for them to apply the alcoholism must be rather severe. First, if the alcoholism has caused such damage to…. [read more]


Addiction Research Paper

… It was quickly adopted for recreational purposes and it became to be widely abused. Within time due to some highly publicized acute reactions and fatal overdoses, stiff restrictions were placed on its use and it was ultimately removed from the market.

Two other drugs, Ecstasy and Crack Cocaine, appeared on the horizon following the demise of Quaaludes. The danger of Ecstasy was made apparent within a few short months after its introduction and it was quickly made illegal. Crack, however, proved to be far more problematic. Crack, because of its relatively low cost and ease of use, rapidly became extremely popular. Its introduction ushered in an entire new era of drug enforcement efforts that viewed crack cocaine usage as a new epidemic.

Obviously, if drug…. [read more]


How Forgiveness Effects Human Health Thesis

… S. structuring an eighteen-step procedure of forgiveness. It listed the following development.


  • Assessment of psychological defenses.

  • The resistance of annoyance; the point is to liberate, not dock, the annoyance.

  • Acceptance of disgrace, when this is suitable.

  • Consciousness of harm.

  • Consciousness of cognitive practice (rerunning the scene frequently in one's brain) of the wrongdoing

  • Consciousness that the offended group might be contrasting self with the injurer.

  • Consciousness into a probably distorted 'righteous world' vision. [Issue of justice]

  • Transformations of heart/adaptation/original insights that old declaration plans are not functioning.

  • A readiness to discover forgiveness as an alternative.

  • Assurance to forgive the wrongdoer.

  • Restructuring, during role taking, who the offender is by screening him or her in background.

  • Compassion in the direction of the wrongdoer.

  • Consciousness of…. [read more]


Christian Biotechnology: Not a Contradiction Term Paper

… So in this area, it is relatively simple to analyze the use and importance of this field of research. Transgenic crops have proven to be vital food source for both economic and humanitarian purposes, while transgenic animals are quickly proving to be just what the meat, milk, and egg industry need to increase profits and production. Christians everywhere should be in support of biotechnology and genetic modification in food production, as this has the potential to erase world hunger and improve corporate profits all at once.

Genetically modified (GM) crops are safe and proven in the field. Scientists are not just tinkering with DNA for fun -- GM crops are being created that are far superior to traditional hybrid strains in hardiness and resistance to…. [read more]


Grumpier Old Men Term Paper

… Grumpier Old Men

This movie is a sequel to an earlier movie (Grumpy Old Men), about some friends, Max Goldman (Walter Matthau) and John Gustafson (Jack Lemmon). In this movie, John has married Ariel (Ann-Margaret) and Max pretends that he is perfectly fine, though he acts jealous and lonely. He claims the only joy left in his life is fishing, but the old bait shop is bought by a beautiful woman, Maria Ragatti (Sophia Loren) and her mother, Mama Ragetti (Ann Guilbert) and he and John try sabotaging her efforts to turn the building into an upscale "ristorante." John's lusty old father (Burgess Meredith) shows up again in this movie and flirts with women in a very raunchy way.

Part of the story involves a…. [read more]


Health Illness and Society Social Essay

… This is one of the sole reasons that makes stigma more fearful than the condition itself. Thus this unjust attitude needs to be stopped. We need to make sure people have access to training, education or other workplace programs.

To make stigma less fearful than the condition itself, direct personal contact needs to be promoted and improved. Meeting and interacting with people who are suffering from mental health issues is one of the most significant and perhaps the best way to improve attitude. This increased interaction will serve multiple purposes like increasing awareness among people, reducing the discrimination, reducing fears and myths about stigmatization, and eventually it will lessen the misconceptions that make stigma more fearful than the condition itself.

In all these efforts, media…. [read more]


Crisis Intervention Practice Session Essay

… Crisis Intervention Practice Session

"When you can accurately hear and understand the core emotional feelings inside the client and accurately and caringly communicate that understanding to the client, you are demonstrating effective listening…" (Bracewell, et al., 2010)

Overview of the Session

The client in this case is unable to stop consuming alcohol and in fact she smelled of alcohol prior to arriving at the session. The positive part of this session, seen from the outset, is that she has decided to seek help for her addiction. A woman in her fifties may be going through or approaching menopause, and she is certainly going through changes as she moves into midlife. But given that she has a problem with alcohol, any other issues pertaining to her…. [read more]


Group Session Counseling Professional Report Term Paper

… Group Stage of Development

Individual and group dynamics

The meeting which I attended was an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting. My very first encounter with the concept of Alcoholics Anonymous meeting was on TV and movies where I could see people attend the meetings in order to rid themselves of their supposed alcohol addiction. The meeting that I attended took place at the AA offices in my city of residence. The meeting was organized to take place from 7:00 PM in the evenings. In this particular day, I was very punctual since I never had any social or professional engagements to hinder me from attending the meeting. The truth is I was a terrible and miserable alcoholic until I joined AA.

Overview of the group

Alcoholics Anonymous…. [read more]


John F. Kennedy and George W. Bush Jr Term Paper

… JFK and President Bush

Matter of Perception

John F. Kennedy stands as one of the nation's great orators of all time. In contrast, President Bush is known for his bumbling speeches, uttering phrases such as mixing up perseverance and preservation, subliminate when he means subliminal, or his famous, "I know how hard it is for you to put food on your family." Bush's speeches cannot compare with JFK's famous words, "Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country."

Both JFK and Bush won their Presidencies by a thin margin. Their public image was that of being inexperienced with no record from which to judge them. Both were products of upper class privilege and Ivy League Schools.…. [read more]


Adolescent Depression the Family Term Paper

… al., 1986 in Walker (1986)). Identified several biological, personality, and familial characteristics that may mean a youth has a greater chance of developing adolescent depression. Learning to recognize the signs of trouble are the keys to preventing or helping to alleviate adolescent depression before they become problematic. This may seem like a reversion to the stereotypical "at-risk" child identified earlier. However, this study was much more comprehensive and stressed the point that an individual's ability to deal with stress was more important than any one factor identified. It also stressed that one or a combination of these factors needed to be present to produce depression in some individuals. It was a step forward from previous studies.

Stress and depression should be taken seriously. Approximately 39%…. [read more]


Henderson a Cognitive Behavioral Study Essay

… Finally, Mr. Henderson appears to have developed a negative view of himself, the world, and the future -- the classic triad of negative beliefs according to cognitive psychologists (Beck, Rush, Shaw, & Emery, 1979). Counseling should address these negative beliefs and attitudes and have Mr. Henderson test these beliefs by means of discussions in the sessions and the use of homework assignments. Once Mr. Henderson use these beliefs as a rational the counselor can help Mr. Henderson concentrate on more rational and realistic beliefs about himself, other people, and his future.

Given the factors in this case it will be best to approach the case with the cognitive behavioral treatment plan. While the research has generally concluded that SSRIs and some other medications can be…. [read more]


Business Research Paper

… Filled with outrage, she said, 'It's terrible what you are doing to these boys!' Out of 50 or more outsiders who had seen our prison, she was the only one who ever questioned its morality." When she said that she had seen a side of Zimbardo that was not very appealing and now wondered whether she wanted to have any relationship with him at all, he decided that the time had come to end the experiment. He had become so adjusted to his role as 'administrator' and to the routine degradation and brutality of the 'prison' that he no longer noticed it. Maslach and Zimbardo were married a year after the Stanford experiment.

Ethical concerns:

1) Using the ASCA and/or APA Code of Ethics, discuss…. [read more]


Manic Depression Bipolar Term Paper

… ¶ … Bipolar Disorder. The writer explores the disorder, symptoms and treatments as well as changes that have taken place over the years with regards to the disorder. There were 11 sources used to complete this paper.

Bipolar Disorder Explained

While mental health field is still in its relative infancy it has made many large discoveries and advances with regards to mental health issues and disorders in recent years. One of the most difficult yet treatable mental health disorders is Bipolar. Bipolar has a range of symptoms that can have an extremely negative impact on one's life as well as the lives of those around the Bipolar patient. While Bipolar is treatable it is not considered curable and when left untreated it can have devastating…. [read more]


Developmental Psychology Body Image Term Paper

… Several psychiatric disorders might lead to increasing risk of eating disorder, including neurotic and depressive symptoms, bipolar disorder, manic depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive personality characteristics, history of sexual abuse, severe family problems, extreme social pressures, insecurity, being controlled by others, distorted body image, etc. (NIMH, 2001). In addition, extreme negative dissatisfaction with their bodies may be a factor in its existence, even though not a predictor of eating disorders (Leon, Fulkerson, Perry, & Cudeck, 1993).

According to Johnson, Cohen, Kotler, Kasen, & Brook (2002), teenagers diagnosed with depression might be at a higher risk for the onset of eating disorders during middle adolescence and early adulthood, because eating disorders and depression in children and adolescents are closely related. Nevertheless, disruptive disorders might also contribute to recurrent…. [read more]


Iad on Today's Society Term Paper

… When IAD begins to affect the sufferer's work and livelihood, this can only have a negative effect on the sufferer's personal relationships.

Further, those in intimate relationships with the IAD sufferer are often largely unaware of the disorder, and often attribute the IAD sufferer's odd behaviors personally. For example, the amount of time an IAD sufferer spends online is often seen as a direct and personal rejection. Since the intimate partner does not understand the nature of the addiction, it is often difficult to understand, or empathize with the IAD sufferer. This lack of empathy is also often a source of additional strain on the relationship.

Certainly, IAD has an impact on those in less personal relationships with the IAD sufferer. Work colleagues and associates…. [read more]


Oppositional Defiant Disorder Research Paper

… Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Puberty in both males and females involves many biological changes. It is a hugely significant transition stage through which youth go as they grow into adults with legal age. Changes that occur during puberty identify mainly in four ways; (1) physically; (2) socially; (3) emotionally; and (3) cognitively. Some of the changes that occur are change in body shape, hormonal growth, and mental growth. The period of adolescence comes along with numeral predicted issues which might rather alter one's life if not properly natured. It is the duty of the counseling professionals, parents/guardians and the concerned individuals to counter the issues. Some of the challenges experienced include substance (drug) abuse, psychology depression, alcoholism, early pregnancies, just, but to mention a few. This…. [read more]


Evaluating Program Outcomes and Impacts Research Proposal

… Costa Smoking Cessation

Smoking Cessation Intervention Amongst Costa Rican Adults

Tobacco use is one of the most deeply ingrained and consistently troubling public health concerns facing the world today. A substance with inextricable ties to commerce, culture and lifestyle, tobacco continues to invoke a set of mixed emotions amongst those engaged in the discourse over the hazards which it represents to health, environment and productivity. In this complex web of responses, there is present the opportunity to better understand a negative behavior pattern that has been so intricately woven into our collective instinct and to influence withdrawal from tobacco use or addiction by way of cassation programs. The fields of medicine and public health are mutually dependent upon one another but they tend to differ…. [read more]


Diversity in Social Work Term Paper

… Diversity in Social Work

In my personal statement, I described my own upbringing in a rather xenophobic culture and my struggles to overcome these biases not only professionally, but in my own life as well. In this essay I will examine more thoroughly how I plan to ensure that I remain aware of the potential for these previous belief systems to influence my work and exactly how I will deal with any of these former cultural biases, should they appear.

First, however, I will briefly explain why I think this is such an important skill to develop in preparing for a social work career. I stated in my prior paper that my upbringing had reinforced Matras's feelings of separateness and, in turn, superiority when confronted…. [read more]


Aggression From a Heritability Perspective Term Paper

… "We must distinguish between two facets of emotion, the functional and the experiential" (Kosslyn & Koening, 1992). While it is well understood that there may be genes that make it more likely to people to act on aggressive feelings, it is far less certain whether there are genes that make people more likely to feel those aggressive feelings. Instead, much of the focus has been on impulse control, and the general trend suggests that those who have difficulties controlling their aggressive impulses are also impulsive in other areas of their lives.

The one real exception to this is in the area of gender. Studies suggest that men, generally, feel more aggressive than women and gender-based traits may be a product of genetics, though they can…. [read more]


Lucky by Alice Seabold Essay

… Lucky by Alice Sebold

Analysis of Rape Trauma Syndrome

Rape is daunting, scary and has a tendency to change you as a person and take away your identity and self-esteem from the victim. Where the victims try to overcome the trauma that they had experienced in the past, objects and events related to that encounter along with the behavioral change in society's behavior make that moment live again and again. Where many college students undergo this traumatic event which nearly demolishes their self-esteem and social independence, a limited number of victims actually report this event to local authorities and pursue for seeking justice. Apparently, Alice Sebold is one of those limited girls who have faced this brutality and violence and yet managed to not only…. [read more]


Diseases Vectored by Insects Malaria Term Paper

… Diseases Vectored by Insects

Malaria and yellow fever are two main diseases, which are transmitted by insects.

Malaria remains an infectious disease, which is caused by Plasmodium, a parasite and infects the red blood cells. The disease is mostly characterized by sweating, fever, chills and pain, muscle aches as well as headaches. Other patients feel nauseated, vomit, cough, and experience diarrhea. The most typical symptoms are chills cycles, sweating and fever that repeats itself after a few days. Malaria parasite called, Plasmodium lifecycle is complicated and comprise of two hosts who are human and the anopheles mosquitoes (Abramowitz, 2006). Malaria is transmitted to human beings when anopheles mosquito, which is infected, bites an individual and injects sporozoites, which is the malaria parasite into their blood.…. [read more]


White Men Brought Tuberculosis (TB) Term Paper

… ¶ … white men brought tuberculosis (TB) with them as they colonized America, and how the disease decimated the Native American population. It will contain specific details about this event; including timeframes, and the resulting impact on human history. It will also contain conjecture about what would have happened historically had the event not occurred. Tuberculosis is a deadly disease making a comeback around the world. When it was first introduced to what would become the United States, it was little understood, and uncontrollable.

Tuberculosis History

Tuberculosis is actually a very ancient disease, but it was not until 1882 that it was actually discovered, by a scientist named Robert Koch. Before Koch made his discovery, tuberculosis was called many things, including the most accepted, "consumption,"…. [read more]


U.S.S.R., Russia, and China Term Paper

… It will be much more difficult and traumatic if it is forced than it would have been if the political leaders would have done it willingly.

China's near future is interesting, but it may not necessarily be accurate. No one can really know what will happen in the next 20 minutes, much less 20 years. I realize that people still need to plan for the future, but I think that China's political system and refusal to reform it will cause a great deal of trouble well before 20 years have come and gone. I base this opinion on the fact that it seems as though the masses will get tired enough of the political system to change it before then.

There is such a great…. [read more]


Children's Stories Can Also Express Term Paper

… wrong. These writers wanted people to understand that social acceptance is not everything and that it would be wrong for them to focus on traditional values in order to feel happy with who they are. Even with this, while Munsch addresses a more 'normal' idea, Parnell and Richardson focus on having people encounter one of the contemporary society's most controversial concepts: homosexuality. In addition to relating to the idea, they are also interested in having child audiences come across it with the purpose of changing people's opinion from a young age. Even though their method is bold, it would be wrong for someone to claim that the book is deviant simply because it emphasizes the fact that conventional values are not everything when considering loving…. [read more]


Parenting Program for Women in Drug Treatment Thesis

… Parenting Program for Women and Children in Residential Treatment



Addiction is something that has been around for many years, and there have been increasingly new ways of treating it that have been created over the course of much research and study. There are many different forms that addiction takes, and there are many different drugs and substances that someone can become addicted to, even if they are not of the age that most people would think of when they picture people that would start down that particular road. Most individuals think of addicts as primarily young, minority men in their 20s and 30s that rob, steal, and cause other problems in order to get their drugs or alcohol. However, there are also…. [read more]

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