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Human Resources Management - Review of Theories Term Paper

… Human Resources Management - Review of Theories

Importance of Human Resources Management to organizations

Strategic Human Resources Management and firm performance

Human Resources Management (HRM) and the Strategic Management Process (SMP)

Challenges and benefits of global Human Resource Management

HRM and Technology

Resources are limited: Creativity is unlimited."

These are the words and, most important, the belief, that POSCO, the world's second largest steel producer shares with all its employees and visitors arriving to its Pohang plant, situated far into the sea separating Japan and Korea. And these words are written on a huge sign spanning on six lanes of traffic, proclaiming the company's philosophy both in Korean and English. (Milkovich and Boudreau, 1997)

But this is not only the belief of POSCO, is the…. [read more]


Human Resource Management Practice Essay

… However, for organizational goals to be achieved, employees have to be efficiently managed. As such, human resource issues manifested in the company's product could affect the company's brand name, reducing the product's marketability and lowering profitability. Due to such implications, there is a need to tackle HR issues in the company, meticulously.

The company has experienced mechanical and quality issues. These issues are deeply rooted in the company's poor training programs, poor recruitment, poor rewards and recognition systems, poor retention and development programs. To overcome such challenges in future, it is highly recommended that Many organizations HRM adopt the high performance approach towards strategic management of its human resources. The approach would be most suitable for the company as it calls for effective training, hiring,…. [read more]


Human Resource Management Essay

… These packages result in satisfaction, motivation and preservation of the employees in the organization (Youssef, 2012). Compensation is a mode of rewarding the employees for the work done. However, rewarding is only to employees whose efforts and talents aid them (employees) in achieving goals, objectives and performance expectations of their jobs. In addition, the employees contribute towards the attainment of organizational goals, objectives and competitive advantage. The recent developments in Human Resource Management link compensation to performance. Therefore, many Human Resource managers are developing performance-bases pay structures. This new introduction improves employees' performance as they work towards increasing their compensation package.

Rewards in the organization comprise; monetary rewards, non-monetary rewards and intrinsic rewards. Firstly, monetary awards include pay, bonuses and profit sharing. Pay includes salary,…. [read more]


Human Resource Management for Employee Term Paper

… They also promote and reward current employees for assisting in the recruitment of friends and acquaintances, largely because they realize that the friends of existing employees are more likely to share the same values and mindsets of employees who are happy at work and successful in their positions that will make them compatible with the organizational culture (Leader-Chivee, Hamilton, & Cowan, 2008; Robbins & Judge, 2009)

New Hire Training

Whereas the traditional practice within many business organizations has always been to allow the decentralized training of new personnel, the contemporary approach is for the organization to maintain a dedicated department to provide new-hire training in a highly uniform manner (Robbins & Judge, 2009). While operational department managers still supplement those efforts with position-specific and task-specific…. [read more]


Strategic Human Resource Management (Shrm) Essay

… Managers given the HRM mandate to contribute in making strategic decisions are expected to have a familiar compliance to the legal environment (Pynes, 2009, pg 56).

The utmost purpose of an external legal environment is essential in an organization's human resource management as well to its practitioners. It is vital fro an organization to comprehend laws that regulate a corporation's human resource management actions. Managers given the HRM mandate to contribute in making strategic decisions are expected to have a familiar compliance to the legal environment and associate the experience to their professional expertise (Storey, 2009, pg 71).

Legal circumstances are perceived as a foundation on external environmental subsystems and should be directed towards comparative sectors of business such as HR. A firm is necessitated…. [read more]


Human Resource Management Case Study

… The identity is one that is split between the work identity and the personal identity (Tracy, 2000). The question that can be applied in this case study is whether or not transforming full-time employment into part-time employment, the organization apply too much pressure towards balancing the individual's identify more towards the life side of things and lose thus their partial influence on the work side.

This is not necessarily a matter of whether the employee will give the same productivity performance when he is at home against when he is the office, although a discussion can be launched as to whether the employee is potentially subjected to distractions at home that do not exist at work. It is, however, a matter of whether he will…. [read more]


Starbucks' Human Resource Management Policies Essay

… The high commitment approach to human resource management seeks to "elicit a commitment so that behaviour is primarily self-regulated rather than controlled by sanctions and pressures external to the individual and relations within the organization are based on high levels of trust" (Gratton, Hailey, Stiles & Truss 1999, p. 41).

Although pay and benefits remain among the most important motivational factors in the workplace, the high commitment HRM model recognizes that there are other factors involved that play a role in individual motivation as well that must be taken into account. In this regard, Chonko and Roberts (1996) report that, "Of all the many properties that characterize work in formal organizations, pay is one of the most important. Pay has been found to influence significant…. [read more]


Human Resources Management Legal Issues Essay

… Human Resources Management Legal Issues

Walmart legal environment

Walmart has a high standard of ethics which it tries to uphold at all times. This standard is upheld by all members of the organization including directors, suppliers, employees and contractors. The basis of this code of ethics is that it ensures that the same standards are applicable and therefore the organization is able to act ethically and in a consistent manner. This has helped the organization to have a reputation for its integrity and to act in a responsible manner that is consistent with their standards.

Since the company operates in a multicultural environment globally, there are different rules that govern each state and country meaning the business has to comply with the different cultures, laws,…. [read more]


Human Dimension of Future Business Management Literature Review

… Human Resource Management (HRM) is a field that has been evolving gradually over time in terms of its responsibilities, structure and functions within an organization. As time progresses, these factors will continue to evolve, making the HR departments of the future look considerably different than those of the past. This literature review examines how the lessons of the past and present will shape the human resource management strategies of the future. It examines the changing perceptions, practices and responsibilities of HRM, as well as describing the personal strategies of the author for managing HR policies and practices through effective leadership and strategic planning.

The Changing Perceptions of HR Management Theory

Recruiting and Retaining Quality Employees

Managing Human Resources Through Effective Leadership

Managing Change

Goal Alignment…. [read more]


Human Resources and Functional Illiteracy Article Review

… 001), in part because BSD workers were unable to comprehend rules and policies. However, these agencies encountered few problems when promoting these same employees (p < 0.001), despite BSD workers having higher rates of absenteeism, accidents, and job loss across all types of agencies. It should be noted that the authors mentioned that increased accident rates tend to be associated with low-skill jobs. These agencies were also more likely to adapt the job to the BSD employee's skill level through de-skilling the job (p < 0.01), rather than provide basic skills training (p < 0.05).

Discussion

The study by Anderson and Ricks (1993) represented a quantitative survey study. They used a 41-item survey instrument to collect the data, but also left room for individualized responses…. [read more]


Human Resources Management Practices Essay

… " (Mayfield, Mayfield and Lunce, 2003) HRIS further provides the necessary support for the introduction of 'systems thinking' in the organization. According to Weick (1979) and Wilkerson & Paul (1985) systems theory "also draws the boundaries for any given system along with definitional criteria that are especially important for preliminary research. In addition, researchers rely on systems theory to develop hypotheses about which units are required for a properly functioning system, how those units should interact, their strength of influence on overall system effectiveness and how to optimize unit interactions towards realization of strategic objectives." (Mayfield, Mayfield, and Lunch, 2003)

II. Analysis of the Issues

The work of Kontakos (2003) entitled "Global HR Information Systems" reports that HR Information Systems make the provision of the…. [read more]


Human Resource Management -- Employee Essay

… It reflects a recognition that vocational achievement is mainly attributable to exploitation of strengths and that not all individuals are necessarily capable of developing the same skill sets and abilities. In that light, encouraging employees to work on their weaknesses only detracts from their ability to maximize their strengths, and often without any reasonable prospect of substantial improvement. The more effective performance appraisal approach is to cultivate natural abilities, and to allow employees input into appropriate ways of managing and working around their relative weaknesses (Jackson, 2007; Russell-Whalling, 2008; Warech & Tracey, 2004).

However, this is also where the limits of performance appraisals are unless they are fully and comprehensively integrated within the rest of HRM functions. On one hand, the modern approach to performance…. [read more]


Human Resources Management Employee Attitudes Case Study

… " (Sarri, Judge, 2004) Wages have since become more important to many workers considering the outsourcing of jobs and the relative high cost of living throughout many parts of the world.

The second gap is with regard to Negative Job Satisfaction. Job Satisfaction and Job Performance (Sarri, Judge, 2004) are a function of a management fad and illusory (Iaffaldano & Muchinsky, 1985). That is, the "statistical correlation between job satisfaction and job performance was about .17." (Sarri, Judge, 2004) The low correlation is slightly positive but does indicate there is no correlation between job satisfaction and job performance. The coefficient of determination would tell how much of the variable of job satisfaction is explained by job performance.

"Consistent with the spillover model, a review of…. [read more]


Human Resource Management Description Term Paper

… This may sound like business as usual, roles that aren't likely to create a mad rush of HR people arming themselves for the future.

In reality, however, they are new. Although the questions may be the same, the answers most assuredly are not. The ongoing challenge is to establish new deliverables and to sustain strong partnerships with both internal and external customers. The ability to see the big picture -- and to deploy the resources to address the big picture -- will be more important than ever.

Works Cited

Campbell Clark, S (2001), Work Cultures and Work / Family Balance, Journal of Vocational Behavior, vol 58, p.348-365.

Campbell, I and Charlesworth, S (2003), 'Family friendly benefits in Australia: Are they Adequate?'in M. Baird and J.…. [read more]


Organization Behavior Competitive Advantage Essay

… b. Control Costs in the Long Run:

Although organizations have to expend a significant amount of budget on the training and skills development of their existing and newly recruited staff, these expenditures can eventually control the heavy costs which they have to incur in the long run. That is, if organizations continue to provide training to their employees on periodical basis, these employees are basically trained to fill the higher management positions in the future. In this way, organizations can save the money which is expended on the training of new employees at the Top Management positions by promoting their existing employees to those positions. The huge expenditures which organizations incur on the training of their higher level officials put heavy financial burden on their…. [read more]


International Human Resources Research Proposal

… It is the responsibility of the HR manager to nurture and develop an organizational culture which encourages diversity at the work place.

THE SEVEN C's OF INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RESOURCES

• Cosmopolitans -- Companies involved in international business employ people who are engaged to spend most of their time in other countries. They are classified into four components -- firstly, the true cosmopolitans who are the high-flying elite. Secondly, the expatriates who relocate themselves for several years to different countries and take their families with them. Thirdly, the occasional parachutist who spends short periods at overseas branches to deal with specific technical matter. Last but not the least the mobile worker is the person seeking employment in a foreign country.

• Culture -- Across the globe…. [read more]


Globalization on Human Resource Management Essay

… Narrowing the job classifications:

Unlike previously when various jobs were being classified under different categories increasing the levels of job being performed, with the increased technology which comes hand in hand with globalization many of the banks have narrowed the job classification and enhanced workers skills in various levels. The gaps between managers and subordinates have been reduced and work is divided into specialized work teams trained for necessary skills and knowledge to perform the job at the optimum level. This narrowing of the job has enhanced workers skills in the areas of conception, execution and control of work.

Policies and legal concerns:

Greater focus has been made in the issues of employee rights and relations. Laws and regulations have been made to govern it…. [read more]


Strategic Human Resource Management Essay

… In the differentiated business world today, it might therefore be assumed that this would be the best approach to take in terms of human resources management.

At the core of this argumentation is that businesses are as individual as human beings themselves. Not all businesses ascribe the same level of importance to each business strategy. Hence, to use a best practice model in a "one size fits all" approach is much less viable than choosing an approach that provides for greater flexibility.

Because the best-fit approach offers a variety of different ways in which to achieve a best fit between the company's goals and objectives and human resource management, one might therefore assume that, for today's business world, this is the best approach. A static…. [read more]


Human Resources International Term Paper

… Its strong hierarchical, family-dominated culture propelled the company to global prominence. But as the company looks to defend its leading position in many markets, it adjusted its HR policies to retain employees and attract high-potential local managers. The company recognized that it must now design global HR policies to give important subsidiaries more authority and flexibility to adapt to local habits and business methods (Berger, 2012).

The strong demand for the limited supply of talent in emerging markets, such as China, India, Brazil and the Middle East, ratchets up employee turnover rates into the double digits. Retention is a major issue because many workers don't hesitate to trade jobs for what European observers would view as nominal salary or benefit improvements. In some Indian IT…. [read more]


Human Resources - Critically Appraise Term Paper

… Another study on the same subject by Buller (1988) found comparable results. He had also used methods similar to Golden and Ramanujam, especially in the characterization of the firms.

Many other researchers like Rowland & Summers (1981); Lorange & Murphy, (1984); Nkomo, (1984); Mills, (1985); Buller & Napier, (1993); and Brewster in 1994 have studied the same relationship between business strategy and human resource management. All of these studies give comparable results, and the total integration between business strategy and human resource management is normally not achieved in most cases. The first such study by Golden and Ramanujam had distinguished two important factors as critical factors and decisive for achieving certain desired levels of strategic organizations. These were separated into two groups which were found…. [read more]


Organization Behavior Strategic Management Essay

… However, there is no system by which lower level employees can communicate their issues and problems to the Top Level Management or the Board of Directors (Purcell & Ahlstrand 1994). There should be some communication channel through which positive or negative feedback of lower level workers can be communicated to the Management (Robbins & Coulter 2006). This is a very effective strategy to improve the professional development programs and achieve the operational excellence in the business activities (Guest 1987).

CONCLUSION

Adobe has implemented strong HR policies and practices to manage and develop its human resource. In order to get the best work done through its employees, Adobe has set certain strategic HR objectives. These objectives constitute its aims to recruit and train the best talent…. [read more]


Human Resources a Four Essay

… "

Of course, discharging/firing/terminating an employee is a delicate business. If the employer is in an "at will" state, then they do not have to have a reason for termination. But, the employee can still take any grievance to the labor board, so the employer should have had a rational reason for the action. The employee can also bring other action against the employer if it is a wrongful or biased termination. Another consideration for the human resource manager in this case is unemployment insurance. Different states have differing rules, and the employer must know their rights and inform the exiting employee of theirs. This is a potentially volatile situation and the employer should make every effort to make the transition a safe and smooth…. [read more]


Human Resources Management Activities Essay

… Outsourcing

Alternatives in Human Resource Management: A Comparison of Internal Task Shifting and Outsourcing

The rapid pace of change in the modern business world has made it necessary for companies to become incredibly flexible and adaptable, able to shift their resources to take advantage of periods and areas of growth or to streamline their operations and resources in leaner times. The current global economic turmoil is only the latest and one of the more significant events that has served to make this abundantly clear; technological growth spurts and companies going through repeated individual Cinderella stories -- some of which turn into pumpkins eventually -- demonstrates that any business not carefully and flexibly poised can quickly become obsolete. Adaptability and efficiency are everything in the modern…. [read more]


Human Resource Management and Strategic Decision-Making Research Proposal

… Resource Management and Strategic Decision Making in the Aviation Industry Today

The same innovations in technology that have fueled the globalized of the marketplace have been particularly influential in the aviation industry. Indeed, the impact of automated computer-based applications and systems has fundamentally transformed the manner in which aircraft are designed and manufactured, as well as how they are maintained and operated. In this dynamic environment, identifying how resource management and strategic decision making processes are being used in the aviation industry today represents a timely and valuable enterprise. To this end, this paper provides an overview of the aviation industry in general and how innovations in technology have affected resource management and strategic decision making practices in particular. A summary of the research and…. [read more]


Human Resource Managers Essay

… The team should comprise of people with common knowledge and with a thorough experience or background information on the organization and can share with the applicant some memoirs of the organization in expectation of positive result of the selection process. Bloisi (2007), states that the selection should be thoroughly strategized, "Much attention should be paid to the availability of those who need to partake in the process and allow adequate time for each event" (Bloisi, 2007). This may also include going through an activity competency where necessary. Even though the end result show general positive tendency, sufficient attention has to be considered on human resource management issues. It is a continual activity in mounting effective human resource strategies and their implementation both externally and internally.…. [read more]


Strategic Human Resource Management Essay

… Training can be acquired through a number of sources which includes product companies, professional associations, vocational and higher education providers, specialist training providers, and internal training providers. A good training program should be relevant to the business and must be measurable, so that the progress of an individual can be known and monitored. Beside this, in order to make the program effective, it is recommended that the methods of training should be varied, so that the interest of the trainee could be maintained. Moreover, it should be an ongoing program, which means it should be a process that is designed to work on a constant basis (Cohen and Bodeker, 2008).

There is a lot of variation in the salary structures of different countries and locations.…. [read more]


Human Resource Management Is an Exciting Term Paper

… Human Resource Management is an exciting and dynamic industry. For one to be successful as an HR manager, one must be understand the current trends in HR Management. Heathfield (2010) suggests there are two trends an astute HR manager should be cognizant of. These are the focus on the "whole" employee (rather than a person merely filling a position) and worker choice. The focus on the whole person is not new in Healthcare nor is it in Education (Jensen, 2008). It is interesting to note that HR Management, at least in the literature, is noting the importance of meeting the needs of the whole employee. Insofar as worker choice, this trend suggests that workers feel even more disenfranchised by the economic downturn of the past…. [read more]


HRM Outline Human Resource Management an Analysis Thesis

… HRM Outline

Human Resource Management

An analysis of how to utilize Human Resources to create or maintain a competitive advantage within the modern business environment.

Synthesis Review

Leadership Background

Organizational Leadership Models

Leadership Development

Employee Selection

Training

Learning Culture

Cultural Dimension

Every modern organization has a human resources department to manage its employees and can range from a single person to an entire human resources department with hundreds of HR employees. Furthermore, human resources can be considered more of a support function or administrative function in some organizations, while in others it is considered the backbone that can drive an organization to innovation and build a learning culture and create a competitive advantage in the industry. The problem in many modern organizations is that they…. [read more]


Human Resource Management Motivational Term Paper

… If employers treat individuals well they are more likely to have motivated employees that will work hard as part of the larger team. Furthermore, if the employee treats some individuals poor, even if there are only a few mistreated, the culture of the organization may diminish and the values placed on good treatment will be eroded. Furthermore, if some individuals are not treated well, under the theory of social equity theory, there is likely to be a poor view of the employers' unfairness by other employees, which will undermine motivation (Torrington et al., 2011).

It is also important to note that some individuals are able to influence others, positively or negativity, as well as play key roles within an organization. Lone wolf's may be great…. [read more]


Project Management Human Resource Training Research Paper

… Project Management

Human Resource Training in Project Management

The case analysis presented in Workplace learning to improve it project management (Damare, 2008) of the Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health (DMH) illustrates how effective team-based and individual training can be in streamlining project management performance across a large, diverse public health organization. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate how human resource training within project management environments accelerates strategic and tactical objective performance, in addition to reducing the costs to attain these results. The many benefits to long-term learning and morale are also evaluated in this analysis (Crawford, Leonard, Jones, 2011).

Best Practices in Human Resource Training within Project Management

The study of the Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health illustrates several…. [read more]

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