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Philosophies Embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa Identity Crisis or a Great Philosopher Essay

… Pessoa

"The Philosophies embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa. Identity Crisis or a great Philosopher?"

Heteronym

The Philosophies embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa. Identity Crisis or a great Philosopher?

The Philosophies embodied in the Heteronyms of Fernando Pessoa. Identity Crisis or a great Philosopher?

Introduction of Fernando Pessoa; his Life, Work and Background

Fernando Pessoa (1888 -- 1935) was a poet who wrote using various "heteronyms" or literary alter egos. However, as will be discussed, these were not alter egos in the conventional sense but were in fact separate entities that the writer claimed existed and informed his existential and artistic experience. This becomes clear from the fact that "Pessoa devoted his life to conferring substance to each alter ego, giving each…. [read more]


Identity Crisis Understanding Their Stance Chapter

… Transgender Identity Crisis

A person's gender identity (i.e. inner concept of one's gender) is a multilayered, intricate construct. A majority of individuals have their gender identity and their anatomy in conformity with each other; but there are some cases where there is disagreement between the two. The term, gender dysphoria is used to define this disagreement; an individual is said to suffer from gender dysphoria (also termed as transsexualism, gender identity disorder (GID), or gender incongruence) when he/she experiences distress / uneasiness as a result of a discrepancy between his/her gender identity and outward gender (Gender Dysphoria, 2014).

Genital anatomy defines a person's biological sex during birth, but it is gender identity that makes an individual identify with and feel part of a certain gender.…. [read more]


Attitude and Behavior Developmental Task Term Paper

… ATTITUDE and BEHAVIOR DEVELOPMENTAL TASK NEEDED to ASSIST African-American COLLEGE STUDENTS WITH DEVELOPING a CLEAR COMMITMENT to SUCCEED AFTER COLLEGE

There is an acknowledged identity crisis present in the African-American race due to the high rates of incarceration and low education achievements. The college environment serves to influence the development required in the self-identity transition toward the self-actualization of the individual in gaining a view of identity characterized by achievement. There is a delay in achievement associated with the failure to accept self or group identity. This work will illustrate that attitude is linked to talk development and behavioral adjustment which is part of the requirement for making the commitment for achievement in educational attainment. Principles of military discipline and leadership will also be reviewed…. [read more]


Thinking Through Queer Identities in the Film Being John Malkovich Term Paper

… Film Being John Malkovich

Sexuality must not be thought of as a kind of a natural given power which tries to hold in check, or as an obscure domain which knowledge tries gradually to uncover. It is the name that can be given to a historical construct." (Foucault 1979:105 in Weeks: 16). Foucault's historical approach to sexuality gave rise to a series of questions regarding this notion, such as the connection between sexuality and power, its role in Western society, as well as how it is socially constructed (Ibid). These are precisely the questions that lie at the core of the 1999 film Being John Malkovich which tries to investigate how sexuality and gender roles determine identity, as well as how the former are shaped…. [read more]


Borderline Personality Disorder Definitions and Historical Foundations Term Paper

… Borderline Personality Disorder

Definitions and historical foundations

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM

Etiology

DBT

Genetics

Environmental Conditions

Neurological issues

Diagnoses and related issues

Comorbidity

Psychopharmacological approaches

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

Empirical support

Theoretical aspects of DBT

The dialectical model

Etiology

Praxis

This study is intended to present a clear overview of the characteristics, history, etiology, diagnosis and treatment of Borderline personality Disorder. This disorder has been the subject of much contention and debate over the years and has not only been difficult to define but also to diagnose due to its theoretical and practical proximity to other disorders. The advent of Lineham's Dialectical Behavioral Therapy however has provided a more structured and theoretically integrated approach and means of dealing with and treating Borderline…. [read more]


Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]


Preventing Another Global Economic Crisis Term Paper



Theoretical or Conceptual Framework

The theoretical framework used here is rational choice theory, which posits that individuals or organizations make decisions based on the weighing of costs and benefits. The key concepts in this theory are that in order to effectively make rational choice, one must know the costs and the benefits as they are in reality and not only as they appear in one's mind. If one is not confident about the costs and benefits, one cannot proceed effectively in the decision- making process.

The framework guided the research decisions, including the development of the research problem statement, purpose statement, and questions, by framing the underlying idea at the heart of the specter that is the over-leveraged industry, as through…. [read more]


Gods Children Need Traveling Shoes Essay

… There is also an account of Maya's tragic personal experience of being a mother of a son who was in a horrible car accident. This begins to open up the concept that the cultural differences experienced by African-Americans do have an impact on their healthcare here in the United States and abroad. Maya's son, Guy, was in a terrible accident just after arriving in Ghana. Alone and scared, Maya felt even more helpless than ever before, even back when she was in the United States. She was worried about the type of healthcare that her son would receive and how she would be able to cope with such a tragedy all alone thousands of miles from home. Essentially, her fears were driven by the tainted…. [read more]


Organizational Change and Development Essay

… Organizational Change and Development

The critical enterprise consists, ideally, of three aspects: (1) explanation and critique of current systems and the historical currents that have given rise to them, (2) an alternative vision of organizations and society that resolves the problems and oppressions in the current systems, and (3) an account of how one moves from the current system to the envisioned one, either naturally or through planned change. Critical research on organizations has generally been weakest in terms of this third aspect. No doubt this is due, in large part, to the Sisyphean tasks of explaining the subtle and often hidden means of control that pre- serve current systems and going beyond them to en- vision alternatives that are exceptionally difficult to distill and…. [read more]


How Could a Terrorist Be Radicalized? Essay

… Radical

How could a terrorist be de-radicalised?

terrorism strategies

How Could a Terrorist be Deradicalised?

In the last two decades there has been a rapid increase in the threat of both international and domestic terrorism in the world. This increase has been dramatically emphasized by a number of major terrorist attacks, such as the Oklahoma bombing in 1995, the attack on New York in 2001 as well as the suicide attacks on the London transport system in 2005, among others. These and many others events have not only raised concern in terms of the increased sophistication and the use of modern technologies, but also on the concept and reality of the radicalization of terrorism.

Ii should be noted at the outset that terrorism has a…. [read more]


Sociology - Theories Feminists and Social Theory Term Paper

… Sociology - Theories

Feminists and social theory

As Smith asserts in Knowing Society form within: a Women's Standpoint (1994), many sociological analyses of society have an innate bias in that they view society from a certain determinate position. (Smith 389) in other words, what Smith and others are suggesting is that the purely objective stance of sociological theory is a myth and there are in fact endemic and intrinsic biases within sociological theory that requires analysis and deconstruction. Smith refers particularly to the hegemony of the male viewpoint in sociological theory. She therefore suggests an "... alternative way of thinking Sociology" (Smith 389). However, Smith also make it clear that she is not interested in "junking" or dismissing the various theoretical stances but in suggesting…. [read more]


Career Orientation of Bank Managers in Pakistan a Private Public Sector Comparison Term Paper

… ¶ … benchmark regarding bank manager careers in Pakistan. Islamic banking is a growing feature of banking in the region, and Pakistan as a nation has expressed interest in being the banker of that region. That being so, it is instructive to note that the managers who worked under the old regime are significantly less optimistic than the newer, younger managers working in the growth industry of Islamic banking. They also seem, if not satisfied with their career paths, at least resigned to their fate and accepting that maintaining their jobs and what vestiges of ethical behaviour they could was sufficient. On the other hand, bank managers who had experience banking in nations in which banking had less tumultuous history, as well as those who…. [read more]


Pedagogic Model: Teaching Technology in Special Education Dissertation

… " (Dougiamas, 1998) Such trivial constructivism, though, is the bedrock from which Glaserfelds more radical constructivism springs. He continues to state that because knowledge is constructed by the learner, and because no two learners are the same, knowledge itself is not absolute. There is a degree to which knowledge is an illusion, and every individual constructs their own conception of reality which (while susceptible to the demands of "real" or normal reality) does not necessarily align with the normal paradigm. Constructivism does embrace this relativistic and existential approach to reality, but it also holds as a primary value the idea of constraint which enables the thinkers to participate in social interaction and mainstream reality. (Glasersfeld)



One interesting area of constructionist theory is…. [read more]


Illegal Immigrants in the U.S Term Paper

… ¶ … illegal immigrants in the U.S. And the possibility of legalizing their status. The article shows: how illegal immigration is currently being dealt with, the views of people on the issue and the flexibility being exhibited by the government. The author makes it clear that while illegal immigration has always been a problem for the country and most people feel country must be protected against such immigration, still illegal entrance into the U.S. should not be criminalized. Very few, if any, percentage of people interviewed supported felony status, the rest felt that while it was not correct to let illegal immigration prosper, there was also no particular need for categorized it as a crime or serious offence.

Illegal immigration is a problem, which the…. [read more]


Foreign Policy of China (Beijing Thesis

… But just as China (Beijing consensus)'s economic and military power does not yet match that of the United States, China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power still has a long way to go as demonstrated by a Chicago Council on Global Affairs poll. China (Beijing consensus) does not have cultural industries like Hollywood, and its universities are not yet the equal of the United States. It lacks the many non-governmental organizations that generate much of U.S. soft power. Politically, China (Beijing consensus) suffers from corruption, inequality, and a lack of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. While that may make the "Beijing consensus" attractive in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian developing countries, it undercuts China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power in the West. Although China (Beijing consensus)'s new…. [read more]


Defend the Ethics of Your Values Essay

… Defend the Ethics of Your Values by Using One or More of the Four Kinds of Ethical Theories

Personal values development

Although it may sound strange, given that religious values have not formed the core of my moral development, the ethical theory with which I most identify is that of Kantian deontological or duty-based ethical theory. I believe that certain moral values are absolute, and cannot be distilled with situational variables. These moral values include tolerance, respect for other human beings, and the need to make meaning out of one's existence beyond merely serving one's material desires and needs. While some aspects of various ethical systems may vary between cultures, for a human being or a society to be ethically functional, there must be some…. [read more]


Human Ecology Essay

… Greer's area of focus is on the sustainablility of current energy strategies, and he makes it clear that our current mode of living will not survive the exhaustion of fossil fuel resources, and that the consequences of this change are likely to be drastic, but without the relief accorded by a sudden apocalyptic ending. This is also the point of Heinberg's article "Temporary Recession or the End of Growth?" -- Heinberg states outright that we are in transition to a post-fossil-fuel society already, and the only question is how intelligently we are able to manage such a transition with the large-scale "economic contraction" (as he terms it) that is its necessary consequence.

With so much chastening reading, however, certain factors stand out. Present modes of…. [read more]


Glory Road Movie Term Paper

… Glory Road Movie

The story of Don Haskins, the long time and Hall of Fame college
basketball coach from Texas Western/UTEP had been largely uncelebrated
until the 2006 release of Glory Road. Directed by James Gartner and
staring Josh Lucas as Coach Haskins, the movie depicts his 1966 National
Championship run as the barrier breaking coach who was the first to start
all black players and win the National Championship. Defeating perennial
power and all white Kentucky, Haskins helped break down the racial barrier
in sports, particularly in the South, and thus by not only playing black
players, but winning with them, the story told in Glory Road is truly an
important event in not only American sports history, but also a story which
sheds…. [read more]


Grief Schiz Precautions and Procedures Essay

… As depression itself has become better understood, so have its effects -- such as the potential for suicidal thoughts and actions -- and its mechanisms, and thus more effective ways of handling depression at all ages and for a variety of causes have also been developed (Beck & Alford, 2009; Bhatia & Bhatia, 2007). As many schizophrenics are diagnosed in adolescence, a focus on research in handling depression and suicidal tendencies in the adolescent age group was employed, along with specific information regarding depression in schizophrenics (Beck & Alford, 2009; Bhatia & Bhatia, 2007; Wittman & Keshava, 2007). In this way, a comprehensive safety plan was established.

First and foremost, cognitive behavioral therapy is recommended for the treatment of depression in children and adolescents prior…. [read more]


Rhetorical Analysis of the Ideologies of Gore's an Inconvenient Truth Term Paper

… ¶ … Inconvenient Truth

Former Vice President Al Gore, who, in his documentary film on global warming, by director Davis Guggenheim, an Inconvenient Truth (2006), introduces himself, "I am Al Gore, I used to be the next president of the United States," won an Academy Award for the documentary. It is not the first time that a controversial documentary film has won an Academy Award, nor is it the first time that a politician has harnessed the Hollywood public relations mechanism as represented by the film stars like those stars backing Al Gore's documentary, to promote both their ideology and themselves as politicians. Hillary Clinton did it with her book, it Takes a Village (1996), which won a Golden Globe Award, and was the first…. [read more]


Evolution of Commercial Law From the 18th Century to the Current International E-Commerce Era Research Paper

… ¶ … evolution of commercial law from the eighteenth century to the current international e-commerce era, with an eye towards specific crises and responses that led to formation of the current system of general commercial law. These crises include the conflict between national law and the law merchant during the eighteenth century, the emergence of negotiable instruments in the early nineteenth century, the importance of new forms of insurance during the middle of the nineteenth century, the consolidation and monopolization of the Industrial Revolution, and the global effects of the internet on commerce and copyright. Tracing these crises and the legal system's response allows one to better understand how the evolution of commercial law is constituted by a mixture of disruptive change and long-standing legacies,…. [read more]


Origins of Al Qaeda Term Paper

… Origins of Al Qaeda

The Origins of Al-Qaeda: The World View of Osama Bin Laden and Ayman Al-Zawahiri, the leaders of Al-Qaeda."

Al-Qaeda and its leaders, Osama Bin Laden and Ayman Al-Zawahiri are frequently popular world news subjects.

The world seems to want to be constantly aware of the goings on of these people and their organization. There is no secret to the desired need for this information. As most people know Al-Qaeda is a significant and ongoing threat to the world, with regard to terrorist activities and continued fundamentalist extremism with regard to jihad, or what these extremists see as a holy war against the rest of the world, but mostly the Western world. This work will begin with a short introduction to the…. [read more]


Rhineland Massacres of 1096 Research Proposal

… Rhineland Massacres of 1096 are, too many demonstrative (if retrospective) of early anti-Semitism. While to others they are examples of the inevitable culmination of Christian hatred toward all Infidels, spurned on by the supposed wrongs done by the Muslims, in taking up arms against Christians. The fervor of the period created a collaborative excuse to rid the "Christian" world of all who did not believe in Christ and of all who transgressed against Christians and Christian beliefs. Mixed messages of church fathers, stressing the need to refrain from random violence against the Jews, as people who would likely eventually see the light and accept Christ as the Messiah were overcome by using these same texts and traditions to support violence as a result of a…. [read more]


Digest Strategic Management a Condensed Analysis Term Paper

… ¶ … Digest

Strategic Management

A condensed analysis of the marketing situation at Reader's Digest

Once upon a time, Reader's Digest was one of the most widely read middlebrow publications in America. Subscriptions peaked in 1984, when more than seventeen million readers in the United States subscribed, and another eleven million worldwide (Historical Perspectives of the Reader's Digest, 2008, Focusing on the Words). The publication offered short human interest articles, some of which were excerpted from larger works, at relatively low subscription prices to consumers desiring to appear literate but who felt pressed for time. Reader's Digest today largely conforms to that format and the magazine's traditional subject areas continue to define its current offerings: the latest edition includes a list of tips about making…. [read more]


Organisational Cultures Term Paper

… Instead, many of these changes appear to have been made for but for economic reasons (Warne et al., 2002).

When market approaches were introduced in the 1990s, the Private Finance Initiative (PFI) was implemented, as well. The PFI involved the private ownership of public capital assets.

Soon after, the New Labour Party was presented with the immediate and challenging task of dealing with an insolvent NHS. The PFI had changed the structure and organisation of the NHS.

In 1997, NHS Trusts and Health Authorities had a debt of about £1 billion. The internal market, which had been created by the Conservative government in the early 1990s, had failed to bring in the benefits expected from markets, including more consumer-led services, fewer costs, and an improved…. [read more]


Employment Discrimination at Wal-Mart Foundation Essay

… But more than a handful of young ladies sewing garments in a classic version of a sweatshop are caught up in the Wal-Mart debacle. More than one million workers are employed at Wal-Mart, the majority of whom are women (Gary, 2011, Jay, 2011).

Part and parcel of the workers' rights violations at Wal-Mart is the patent discrimination against women workers. "In 1999, women constituted 72% of Wal-Mart's hourly employees, but only 33% of its managerial employees" (Bhatnagar, 2004). Employee grievances of any type at Wal-Mart appear to result in punitive managerial actions, up to and including dismissal. But grievances related to sexual discrimination in wages and promotions are treated particularly harshly, such that, a female employee at Wal-Mart who grieves her situation may find herself…. [read more]


English Creative Writing in Singapore Dissertation

… Creative Writing in English: Singapore



Singapore



Singapore is a country in which the learning of the English language has become vitally important. For many students, the learning of the English Language is dependent upon the development of creative writing skills. Creative writing is used as a learning tool because it permits students to write in a manner that allows them to feel comfortable as they become more proficient in using the English language. Creative writing is utilized as a mechanism that allows students to expand their vocabulary and improve comprehension skills. In recent years creative writing in the English language for junior college students and into adult working life in Singapore has been encouraged. The goal of the study…. [read more]


Secular Humanism Research Proposal

… Secular Humanism

The rise and influence of Secular Humanism in the 20th century

Index

Brief Overview of the Antecedents of Secular Humanism

The Enlightenment and Renaissance

Political and Economic Factors

The Modern Era

Historical aspects; The Formalism of Secular Humanism

The Role of Science

Secularization in the West

Influential Thinkers

Secular Humanism in the Twentieth Century and its Crisis

The Influence of Secular Humanism

The phenomenon of secular humanism is a central facet of the constitution and character of contemporary Western culture and society. The modern development of this ideology or worldview has progressed from the humanism of the Enlightenment to the particle style of secular humanism that we find in the twentieth century. This cultural phenomenon became a dominant social and cultural force during…. [read more]


Managing All Stakeholders Term Paper

… "The absorption of one company by another," Black's adds, "[with] the former losing its legal identity, and latter retaining its own name and identity and acquiring assets, liabilities, franchises, and powers of former, and absorbed company ceasing to exist as separate business entity" (p. 988).

In other cases, mergers and takeovers have appeared to be the result of opportunists looking for the quick profit; however, the consolidation of the highly complementary assets and resources of both of these giants will create some clear advantages for everyone concerned. Nevertheless, just as bigger may not mean better, merger may not mean advantage. In his chapter, "Technology Strategy: Collaborative Mode, V.K. Narayanan says that from a strategic viewpoint, collaborative mode is undertaken by firms when the economics of…. [read more]


Attachment Theory & Self-Psychology Dissertation

… The "Growing" Process



Overview of the Study



Clinical Case Study Dissertation Structure



The Rationale for Clinical Case Study Dissertation



Diverse Contentions



Emotional Abuse/Maltreatment



Winnicott's Relational Model Theory



Bowlby's Attachment Theory



Kohut's Self-Psychology



CASE PRESENTATION



Theoretical Basis for Case



Conceptualization



Winnicott's Relational Model Theory



Bowlby's Attachment Theory



Kohut's Self-Psychology



CHAPTER IV:



Shania's Presenting Problems



Early Stage: Development of Therapeutic Relationship and the Holding



Environment



Middle Stage: Transference and Counter-transferenceread more-->[read more]

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