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Foreign Policy of the United States Term Paper

… ¶ … United States

Digressions with Current American Foreign Policy

Our Nation's cause has always been larger than our Nation's defense. We fight, as we always fight, for a just peace -- a peace that favors liberty. We will defend the peace against the threats from terrorists and tyrants. We will preserve the peace by building good relations among the great powers. And we will extend the peace by encouraging free and open societies on every continent," (National Security Council, 2008) the words of President Bush's speech on foreign policy spoken in 2002 reflect the ultimately what our current foreign policy is aiming for. However, it is much debated on how successful those policies are actually proving themselves to be. In the actual implementation of…. [read more]


United States: Mitigate China's Influence in African Continent Research Paper

… China's Influence In Africa

Though the United States remain the sole true global superpower following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, over the subsequent two decades China has risen to fill some of the subsequent power vacuum, particularly in regions where the United States has never maintained a substantial presence. This is nowhere more true than on the African continent, here China has made important economic, diplomatic, and military inroads with numerous governments at the same time that the United States' focus is directed towards the Middle East, and particularly the War on Terror. China's success in Africa and the United States' own difficulties in the region are the result of historical and cultural factors that benefit the…. [read more]


Foreign and Domestic Intelligence Term Paper

… Foreign and Domestic Intelligence

The intelligence system of the United States is the most capable one assembled in the history of man. This intelligence community (IC) has undergone reforms since 2005 after President Bush signed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act. However, transformations of analytical initiatives have constantly reduced the barriers between individuals and organizations across the IC and have prioritized missions effectively. A window of opportunity was evident in the 1990s that reexamined the existing structures and processes of intelligence. Emphasis for the intelligence community included, downsizing, streamlining, and consolidating, which forced them to prioritize on resources scarce to the environment. Members of Congress, think-tank analysts, and executive branch senior officials are a community growing interest of the U.S. government organization on how…. [read more]


Foreign Relations in His Book Merrill Reinterprets Term Paper

… Foreign Relations

In his book Merrill reinterprets the history of United States foreign policy decisions through the viewpoint of a specific, American ideology. According to Merrill, a central ideology has driven and shaped American foreign policy since the time of the nation's founding, including its decision to enter into the Revolutionary War. This driving American ideology is based on a general conception of the country having a national mission to serve to the world. Further, this ideology has grown to focus on racial classifications of other individuals and a general hostility towards social revolutionary movements.

Merrill's ideas on foreign policy development are unique in that, unlike most theories, Merrill argues that an American Way drives our diplomatic decisions. The majority of studies and works published…. [read more]


United States and United Kingdom Term Paper

… The fact is that the close ties between the United States and Great Britain are deeply rooted in common language as well as a long-running and deeply connected historical base of strongly tied economic as well as militaristic cooperation that has spanned since the era of World War II. Also the commonly held values of democracy and the inherently held beliefs in the freedom of speech, human rights as well as a very similar legal system are the ties that bind the two countries inevitably together. The ties between the two countries is based on much more than merely common values but on a deep and lasting mutual trust and mutual cooperation that a time of stress does not have the power to diminish.

Bibliography:…. [read more]


United States Has Since 2005 Imposed Sanctions Essay

… ¶ … United States has since 2005 imposed sanctions and built a multi-lateral coalition to do the same in response to the development of Iran's nuclear program. The sanctions have been further tightened in subsequent rounds, but Iran remains defiant and continues with its nuclear program. This failure -- to this point - makes the Iranian sanctions a good case study for the effectiveness of actions taken under different worldviews. The realist perspective stresses competitiveness and conflict (Korab-Karpowicz, 2013). Sanctions, especially those implemented with little corresponding dialogue, represent a realist approach to the problem.

Maloney (2012) argues that it is only under the Obama Administration that the stick has been used as a motivator for Iran, rather than the carrot. This is an interesting take…. [read more]


Ideology and U.S. Foreign Relations Essay

… Ideology and U.S. foreign relations

Foreign Relations

Howard Zinn (1991), author of Declarations of independence: cross-examining American ideology, begins his book by saying that when the idea that black people were "less than human" entered Western consciousness several centuries ago, it made the Atlantic slave trade able to happen, during which time approximately 40 million people died; the beliefs concerning racial inadequacy, related to blacks or Jews, Arabs or Orientals, have led to more instances of genocide; the idea that communism in Vietnam was a threat to our "national security" presented by political leaders in 1964 (and one that Americans accepted) led to certain policies that cost a million lives -- including 55,000 young Americans; other ideas like "laissez-faire" (leave the poor to their own…. [read more]


Fall of the Soviet Union Essay

… In the First World War the United States had entered late and, although its involvement had an impact on the outcome, its influence was much less than its influence arising from the Second World War.

In the Second World War the United States assumed a leadership position. There was little doubt as to how important the United States' entry into the War was to the ultimate outcome and, unlike what occurred following the end of the First World War, the United States was largely able to dictate the terms of how the War would end and under what terms. The Allied nations, with the exception of the Soviet Union, looked toward the United States for leadership and this time the United States did not withdraw…. [read more]


American Foreign Policy Term Paper

… Because the United States is geographically remote and isolated yet has substantial financial and military capabilities, it has been able to go alone in many of its military endeavors, with little military support from international organizations or other nations. Even the League of Nations, as founded by Woodrow Wilson, was not initially joined by the United States because of domestic opposition as well as isolationist sentiment, to becoming entangled in international obligations.

Yet unlike Great Britain, the U.S. has never, in terms of its ideological fabric, been overtly imperialistic. Although it may have shown a certain narrow mindedness and self-interest in its foreign policy goals, unlike the colonial powers, it has not actively used other nations to enrich itself. The influence of populists such as…. [read more]


Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]


Industrial Relations Employment Relationship Essay

… The traditional industrial relations practices have been altered with the rise in the global trade expansion. The industrial relations now are depending upon the market conditions and situations as the market boundaries have expanded. The flow of information has also added to the complexities of the operations. The multinational corporations are the drivers of economic growth and they have been responsible for the change in the concepts of industrial relations, these corporations are controlling assets in multiple countries. These MNC's are creating complexities in the industrial norms. The production processes have been distinguished by the global demand of the products.

Globalization has broken the status quo of "labor" and "capital" across all the countries. Capital is mobile in an open free market while labor is…. [read more]


North Korea Political Position Research Paper

… S. Options. CRS Report for Congress.]

Proliferation to the states

Us representatives stated that North Korea have to develop the further nuclear artillery within the red-line to all states. For instance, after the China's nuclear test in 1964, the United States share their nuclear powers with and technologies with India but after that sharing United States have their own thousands of nuclear arsenal and up till after the establishment, these weapons are nonproliferation according to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty[footnoteRef:10]. [10: Ibid. ]

In 2002, the CIA stated that North Korean agency provide WMD technology practices to other recipients either of other states or non-actor states. CIA also reports that North Korea nuclear agency just provides the ballistic fissile material, components or expertise of missiles not…. [read more]


Technology Contributes to US End of Isolation Period Term Paper

… ¶ … American Isolationism

End of U.S. Isolation

The End of American Isolationism

George Washington, in his farewell address in 1796, warned future Americans that "the great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations, [but] to have with them as little political connection as possible." (Washington 1796) The father of the country knew that trade was the key to American economic stability and prosperity, but warned that increased trade with overseas nations can often lead to political entanglements with those nations. Washington wanted the "best of both worlds," an America that traded with all nations but had political entanglements with none. While this may have been a possibility when the United States was a small, primarily…. [read more]


US China Trading Relations Research Proposal

… U.S. CHINA TRADING RELATIONS

The objective of this work is to examine China and U.S. trading relations of Post-Tiananmen China from the perspective of Chinese businessmen. This work will answer the questions of:

In the context of the U.S. hostility towards China after Tiananmen incident, how privatized firms and businesses flourished along the southeastern coast of China during the 90s. focus on firms exports to the U.S. And affects of bilateral policies;

Chinese businessmen's early impression of U.S. And how they felt about the differences between business styles of the U.S. And China; and 3) how it is that such firms are affected during each of the major transitions or incidents later on, from Hong Kong's return to China's WTO concession, from September 11th to…. [read more]


US Ignorance of Stalin's Crimes for Political and Diplomatic Purposes Term Paper

… U.S. ignorance of Stalin's crimes for political and diplomatic purposes

The history of the Soviet Union represents one of the most controversial aspects of the history of the world. Its turbulent past as well as its complex leaders led Russia to be considered one of the strangest and yet most fascinating subjects of study in the history of our civilization. The Second World War was in this sense one of the most representative moments in the contemporary times. More precisely, the directions which the European and American diplomacy was heading in determined the way in which the U.S.S.R. behaved and treated its own citizens. From this point-of-view, it can be said that the period of the Great Purge is relevant for underling two important issues.…. [read more]


US Foreign Affairs Since 1898 Thesis

… U.S. Foreign Affairs Since 1898

Explain the origins of the containment policy after World War II. Also, explain the reasons for the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Even when the Soviet Union was an official ally of the United States, distrust of Stalin's USSR and communism as an ideology was pervasive in the U.S. Vocal critics of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal decried the legislation as socialistic, even though the New Deal was actually intended to offer a middle ground between classical economic theory and radical leftism. However, the defeat of Nazism and the expansion of the Soviet sphere of influence into Eastern Europe alerted President Harry Truman and the rest of the Western world that a new level of communist…. [read more]


Foreign Policy of China (Beijing Thesis

… But just as China (Beijing consensus)'s economic and military power does not yet match that of the United States, China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power still has a long way to go as demonstrated by a Chicago Council on Global Affairs poll. China (Beijing consensus) does not have cultural industries like Hollywood, and its universities are not yet the equal of the United States. It lacks the many non-governmental organizations that generate much of U.S. soft power. Politically, China (Beijing consensus) suffers from corruption, inequality, and a lack of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. While that may make the "Beijing consensus" attractive in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian developing countries, it undercuts China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power in the West. Although China (Beijing consensus)'s new…. [read more]


Chinese Acquisition of Nuclear Weapon Research Paper

… ¶ … Chinese acquisition of nuclear weapon, which may cause national security threats against the United States, is a matter of much concern. The research addresses the following research question:

What are the national security reasons for the U.S. involvement and political strategy in discouraging the implosion of a nuclear war with China?

The research question is important to address because recent Chinese modernization of nuclear weapons may lead to act of aggression on the United States. With potential destructive nature of nuclear weapons, it is critical for the U.S. To formulate appropriate foreign policy in discouraging the implosion of nuclear war with China since U.S.-China relations have been cordial in the recent years. More importantly, the research question is important to address because of…. [read more]


U.S. Foreign Policy US Middle East Thesis

… U.S. Foreign Policy

US Middle East Foreign Policy

The United States (U.S.) as the sole superpower in a multipolar world system operates under its own set of rules and guided by the character of its people and values set by its culture and leaders. These qualities are manifested in the U.S. foreign policy on specific countries across regions. Foreign policies are decisions undertaken by a particular country in terms of its political and economic transactions as well as military actions towards another sovereign state.

Foreign policies are determined largely by the directions set by the Chief Executive; these directions on the other hand are conditioned by the pursuit of economic gain, political power and national security. One component of U.S. foreign policy deals with actual…. [read more]


Barbary Wars:american Independence Atlantic World Essay

… " (110) Many Americans considered the traditional definition of a barbarian when considering such assumptions and thus believed that individuals in Barbary States could practically be considered the most dangerous and malevolent enemies that they U.S. had ever dealt with. This is actually one of the reasons why American history is filled with episodes involving Americans knowing very little concerning foreign states. The American public was bombarded with controversial information throughout the years and had difficulty filtering it. This eventually led to Americans coming to have particularly distorted perceptions of foreign states.

American leaders used the term barbarian in a series of occasions, as they became accustomed to relating to many individuals that were in conflict with their thinking style by using it. Their views…. [read more]


U.S. National Strategy What Three Essay

… CCDRs determine theater strategy "based on analysis of changing events in the operational environment and the development of options to set conditions for success" (JP 3-0 I-3). They are expected to modify old plans or formulate new ones based on changing conditions in the operational environment or new directives from national command authorities. In their theaters, these estimates will also be based on less comprehensive efforts of subordinate commanders, and will be focused on threats and also "consider other circumstances affecting the military situation as they develop and analyze COAs" (JP 3-0 I-4). Commanders use strategic estimates to determine the likely intent of the enemy and consider alternatives in a continuous process. Theater Strategic Concepts describe the types of operations to be conducted, when and…. [read more]


American Foreign Policy From Three Term Paper

… I also agree with Walt's position that the U.S. is spreading itself thin globally dealing in issues that really have no direct effect on Americans. Moreover, I agree with Walt's belief that the U.S. should not reduce its military power, because choices and options are important. Furthermore, I even agree with Xinbo, concerning the hypocrisy of U.S. human rights policies and the need for perspective. However, I disagree with Xinbo's suggestion that the sharing of advancement in science and technology with the world is in the best interests of the United States.

I believe there is need for a change in U.S. foreign policy and that it should perhaps be woven from the three authors above. The United States should develop resources that would give…. [read more]


Approval of the Constitution Term Paper

… ¶ … approval of the constitution of the United States, as per which the establishment of the union of states took place, which was to be monitored by the federal system of governance, therefore have been considerable arguments regarding the nature of the union, and the limitations and extent of the powers, privileges, duties, and responsibilities which have been granted by the constitution to the national government, state and the people. During the pre-federalism period, the United States fought war for independence against the Britain, and was successful in its attempt to establish 'a confederation form of government that created a league of sovereign states' (Michael, 2001). The shortcomings and concerns of the legislators against the provisions listed in the Articles of Confederation 'prompted its…. [read more]


United States and Fidel Castro Term Paper

… Anti-communism had become quite a crucial factor in the success of every administration during the Cold War. J.F. Kennedy was no different in his patriotic hatred for the communist threat. It was at this point, 1961, that Cuba became a major player in the Cold War. Castro derived much of his power from his image as a revolutionary. Kennedy opted to perceive him as a low-bound communist lackey.

To abide the anti-communist sentiment, and to compensate for his personal apprehension over an incursion of socialism in his hemisphere, Kennedy determined himself for an attack meant to topple Castro. After a long period of planning and denying, the Kennedy administration scrapped almost a year of strategizing in favor of a makeshift nighttime landing in Bay of…. [read more]


George W. Bush Administration Policy on Syria Essay

… Syria

An Analysis of the U.S.-Syrian Conflict

This paper will analyze the G.W. Bush Administration's justification for conflict with Syria and show how the disparate reasons of internal organs within the White House and those offered to the public by way of the national press suggest that an ulterior motive much broader in scope and ideological in nature was (and is) actually the basis for justification. In doing so, this paper will utilize Conflict Theory to help bring into perspective the opposing rationales that are presented throughout the analysis.

The Bush Administration had very clear reasons for initiating conflict with Syria, outlined by such neo-conservative think tanks as the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) (members of which were highly placed in the Administration…. [read more]


Compare Obama vs. G.W. Bush Foreign Policy Research Paper

… Bush v. Obama Foreign Policies

Neo-conservatism and Liberalism in Practice:

Comparing George W. Bush and Barack Obama Foreign Policies

In 2001 George W. Bush presided over the Presidency which had to face new kinds of challenges in American foreign policy. When Bush was the incumbent, the United States was attacked by terrorists, which killed nearly 3,000 Americans. The rest of Bush's Presidency reflected his Administration's response to that event and the period is known as the post-9/11 era. The eight years of Bush's Presidency was mired in many controversies -- chief among them was the Bush Administration's decision to go to war against the regime of Saddam Hussein in Iraq -- but also a period that did not witness any further terrorist attacks on American…. [read more]


Egypt Revolution and International Relations Case Study

… This project investigates the internal and external consequences of the Egyptian revolution faced by the Egyptian nation.

International Relations is a broad term of political science, it encompasses within itself the study of foreign affairs and policies within the international system. According to Trevor Taylor (1979) "International relations is a subject which attempts to clarify politics across state borders." Positive relations with other countries play a vital role in order to secure the interest of the nation, economic prosperity and chances of survival. Cooperation with the rest of the world results in more security ensures sovereignty and enhances trade with other countries (Pearson & Rochester, 1988). International relations remain in transition and change with the rapidly changing global community and complexities. It includes in itself…. [read more]


Future of Cuba Term Paper

… Cuba After Castro

Cuba is an island nation some 90 miles from Florida, and proximity alone gives this country great importance in the thinking of American leaders. More than this, however, Cuba represents a major loss in the Western Hemisphere, a country that is Communist-led and that has therefore been viewed as a major security threat to the United States. At times, that threat has been given even more weight, as it was during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. At other times, the threat has been less specific and often derives largely from antipathy to the leadership and to the very idea of Communism. In addition, Cuba holds a place of importance because of the many exiles from Cuba who have come to the…. [read more]


Catholic Church in Spain Term Paper

… On the flip side however, rising attitudes of liberalism, republicanism, socialism, anarchism, and intellectual pluralism ensured a direct and stiff challenge to the once accepted view of the clergy that Spain was always a catholic nation and would be one always.

The author has divided the book into twenty-four chapters. There is an introduction that surveys the Church from 1808 to 1873, followed by which there is a critical examination of the Church and politics from the year 1874 which signals the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy until the year 1930 which brought about the fall of the Primo de Rivera dictatorship. There is also a brief description and analysis of a host of topics that comprise the religious organization, clerical demography, the size, positioning…. [read more]


Political Framing in the US Term Paper

… Although the street game seems significantly vicious, this research cannot ignore the significance of stage speech in illuminating on the nature of politics. Box-Steffensmeier (2012) classifies Obama-Romney framing with a clear empathy for Romney side. The game frame emphasized the candidates' debate preparation strategies. In any case, the emphasis frames are treated as a contest against individuals and not a platform to present their ideologies. For instance, the announcement "Romney had to prepare harder for the debates than Obama" is a critical blow that seeks to explain that Romney was not prepared for the heat in the Oval Room. Conversely, Romney camp is responsive to the nature of criticism directed towards Romney as an individual. Romney is quick to bail himself out as an underdog…. [read more]

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