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Imaging and Optics Term Paper

… ¶ … Optics Applications in Information Technology Today

How imaging and optics technology are revolutionizing the way businesses communicate their products to the consumer.

Imaging and optics technology have provided a wide range of industries with the ability to label, track, and prevent bad documentation to their products for a more efficient and economically sound business.

Audience: College students, professors, general public.

Imaging and optic applications are truly ancient, and people quickly recognized the innovation these devices represented. "Two thousand years ago," Peter Weiss says, "Roman Emperor Nero peered through an emerald monocle to better see his gladiators in combat. Twelve hundred or so years later, eyeglasses started to adorn faces" (p. 200). To date, though, optical lenses have primarily served just one purpose: to…. [read more]


Fiber Optics New Advances Term Paper

… Fiber Optics

History of Fibre Optics

Advantages and Disadvantages)

Advancement of Fiber Optic Technology

Fiber Optics

The later half of the twentieth century has witnessed dramatic developments in the field of data communication. The tremendous growth in telephone traffic as well as the ever-increasing demands for radio and television transmissions, forced the search for alternative and more efficient data transmission systems. The idea of using light as a carrier of data created a paradigm shift to the telecommunications domain. Simply, the higher frequency of light waves implied that more data could be packed. Being a digital transmission technology, fiber optics became the much preferred communication technique in today's digital world. Fiber optic networks are fast replacing the traditional copper wires in telecommunication networks throughout the…. [read more]


Fiber Optics Technologies Term Paper

… Fiber optic technologies are typically used within local (LAN) and wide-area networks (WANS) as this specific type of cabling is capable of very high transfer rates while at the same time not requiring repeaters to strengthen signals as they go across the cable from one location to another on a network. Fiber optic cabling is typically used for those networks that require very high speeds for a distance of 50km or less. As a cabling technology, fiber optic cabling resides at the Data Link layer of the OSI Model, which is discussed later in this paper.

The advantages to using Fiber Optic cable in the configuration of networks include the following. First, fiber optic cable is typically thinner and less expensive. Second, it has significantly…. [read more]


Graphene in Spr Imaging Peer-Reviewed Journal

… ¶ … Graphene in Spr Imaging

Some sources claim that Graphene has the potential to be the new silicon due to its conductivity and flexibility. In fact, Graphene has the potential to boost the speed of the Internet and to serve as a coating that is sensitive to touch extending the lives of computers. Graphene is stronger than even a diamond and conducts electricity and energy better than any other material know to mankind.

Overlayers of Graphene on Metallic Surfaces

Overlayers of grapheme on metallic surfaces are centric to research throughout the world on the properties of the single layer graphene. This is important for two specific reasons stated as follows:

(1) The metallic substrate can be used for the preparation of graphene layers of…. [read more]


Growing Market Share at Olympus Essay

… As Pham (2012, p. 3) notes, "With the results of its optical image stabilization and the initial sales, it would seem Nokia is onto something. The smartphone will become the only piece of electronic gadgetry most people take with them when traveling, reducing DSLRs to professional usage for the most part."

Because the prices of these more sophisticated technologies continue to decline, camera manufacturers are forced to keep their prices low in order to remain competitive. The company could continue its current course and wait until the bitter end when the bottom dropped out of the personal camera market altogether. In this regard, Pham (2012, p. 3) cautions that, "In the end, consumer electronics as a market segment is consolidating at the device level, and…. [read more]


Technology and Logistics Case Study

… The 802.11 wireless standard and protocol ranges in speed and depth from the 802.11 standard which, at the time, ranged from 11 megabits per second to 54 megabits per second (McCarthy, 2002; Teschler, 2002). Since then, the standard for 802.11 has reach N. And AC levels with speeds sometimes exceeding Gigabit wired Ethernet standards.

Last on the docket is the test case of the food service and delivery industry. The example used in the source for this report is U.S. Foodservice in Topeka, KS. The company had to react to an E.Coli outbreak that required the quarantining of the greens and such there were on site. Whilst that was going on, U.S. Foodservice used logistics and information technology in concert to track affected and possibly…. [read more]


Irritable Bowel Syndrome Research Paper

… A lot of the patients that have IBS are over tested; nevertheless, CBC, biochemical outline (as well as liver tests), stool examination ESR for ova and parasites (in patients with diarrhea predominance), thyroid-stimulating hormone and Ca for patients with constipation, and flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy should be done. All through flexible fiber optic proctosigmoidoscopy, introduction of the device and air insufflation commonly set off pain and bowel spasm. The vascular and mucosal patterns in Irritable bowel syndrome typically appear normal.

Imaging Studies

Additional studies (for example barium enema x-ray, ultrasonography, CT, small-bowel x-rays and upper GI esophagogastroduodenoscopy) should be assumed simply when there are other objective defects (Vorous). Fecal fat elimination should be measured when there is a concern in regards to steatorrhea. Research shows…. [read more]


Hyperboloid Solar Concentrator Literature Review

… Hyperboloid Solar Concentrator

Following is a review of the literature associated with an analysis of hyperboloid solar concentrators. The structure of said review begins with a broad look at both the topics of water desalination and solar power, a more focused discussion of solar concentrators in general, and, finally, a look at the literature regarding hyperboloid solar concentrators.

Condensed History

The history of solar use goes back the "7th century B.C." (DOE). At that time ancient people used glass and crystals to concentrate the sun's rays and start fires. From the first to the fourth century, Romans used large windows to heat the baths and warm the rooms that people bathed in. From those beginnings the modern usage of solar power followed.

Moving forward to…. [read more]


Diffusion of Innovation Diffusion Research the Internet Term Paper

… Diffusion of Innovation

Diffusion Research

The Internet

Daisley, L. (2007). How the Internet Changed the World. The Morning News.

URL: http://www.themorningnews.org/article/how-the-internet-changed-the-world

Tags: change management, innovations, modern innovations, the "modern" world

Summation: In many ways, the reason the Internet changed the world so much was that it changed the way people performed day-to-day tasks. Communication was by phone or letter; research was done at a library, purchasing at a store, and to compare prices, one had to drive to each individual store. Information was limited, but accessible in certain areas, but it was not immediate. Instead, finding information quickly has become commonplace; knowing which information to embrace or discard still remains a problem.

Chapter: 5 Diffusion Research

Personal Computers

Citation: Manes, S. (October 20, 1999). The…. [read more]


Graphene-Based Optical Surface Plasmon Resonance for Bio-Sensing Research Paper

… Graphene-Based Optical Surface Plasmon Resonance for Bio-Sensing Applications

Although light waves move across a surface, electrons do not move far much like when footfall fans in the stadium do "the wave." In these cases, the fans are recreating the same type of phenomenon that takes place when light is oscillated to create surface plasmon resonance. The field of plamonics has become increasingly important for researches seeking improved cancer treatments, computer processors and even plasmonics-based lasers. This paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning surface plasmon resonance in general and graphene-based optical surface plasmon resonance for bio-sensing applications in particular. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the paper's conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Just over a decade…. [read more]


Facial Reanimation in Facial Paralysis Direct Muscle Neurotization Term Paper

… Facial Reanimation in Facial Paralysis, Direct Muscle Neurotization

Plastic Surgery- facial paralysis: Considerations

Paralysis of the face is uncommon and is estimated to occur one in four thousand persons. It is noted by various practitioners ranging from "neurologists and neurosurgeons, trauma surgeons, ENT surgeons, head and neck surgeons, plastic surgeons, internists, and psychiatrists." (1) the face being the most important part of the human existence, paralysis causes physical and psychological problems. For example the inability to animate one side of the face causes trauma and restricts normal communication. (1) People adopt various methods to disguise their paralysis and often avoid disclosure and sometimes express anger. The case of facial paralysis and the response by the patient vary with age. In children often tend to be…. [read more]


Picture Archive Communication Systems PACS Term Paper

… Picture Archive Communication Systems (PACS)

The Effects of Picture Archiving Communications Systems (PACS) and Computerization on Radiology Workflow and Turnaround Time

Medical diagnostic imaging has experienced numerous innovations since the discovery of X-rays in 1895 that allowed physicians to look inside the human body for the first time without using a scalpel. Perhaps some of the most important of such innovations to date have been the introduction of computer-based radiology information systems and picture archiving communications systems. While these technologies are still being refined and new uses for them are being identified, it is clear that these innovations represent the beginning of a ubiquitous computing element in radiology. The vast majority of organizations planning to implement picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) are acutely aware…. [read more]


Connexin 43 Expression Following Retinal Ischemia Research Proposal

… Connexin43 Expression Following Retinal Ischemia

Ischemia is a condition that occurs when there is an inadequate supply of blood delivered to the tissues generally resulting from a problem in the blood vessel. Retinal ischemia is stated by Renwick, et al. (2006) to result in the "loss of vision in a number of ocular diseases including acute glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy and retinal vascular occlusion." (Renwick, et al., 2006) It is additionally reported by Renwick, et al. (2006) that recent studies have shown that most of the neuronal death that leads to loss of vision results from apoptosis." (Ibid)

Retinal Ischemia is reported in the work of Osborn, et al. (2004) to be a common cause of "...visual impairment and blindness. At the cellular level,…. [read more]


Nature's Second Eye Photography and the Camera Thesis

… NATURE'S SECOND EYE

Photography and the Camera through the Years

Photography has gone a long way in recording and visualizing natural phenomena, with the camera as the device. Both have evolved through the centuries.

The precursor was the camera obscura in the 1700s. The first photograph was taken in 1835, the first patent for photography awarded in 1840. The first photo advertisement was produced in 1843. Two processes in the early 1800s were by Dagerreo and Fox Talbot. The term "photography" was coined. George Eastman set up his company, which produced and sold Kodak cameras. The cine-camera or color photography was invented. James Clerk Maxwell introduced color photography. Kodachrome slide film was invented and color prints were developed. The instant photography system and compact cameras…. [read more]


Neurofibroma and Anesthesiology Research Paper

… Neurofibroma: Genetic Traits and Impact

Neurofibroma is an inheritable genetic condition whereby benign neural tumors (neurofibromas) form on the dermis, subcutaneous skin levels, in the brain and on the spinal cord.1 Neurofibroma possesses a high prevalence rate in terms of genetic transmission from parent to offspring. Generally, if one parent is a carrier for this condition, each offspring has better than a 50% probability of developing the disease.2 Aside from being inherited, Neurofibroma can be demonstrated in families with no genetic predisposition to the disease 3 This is the result of a genetic mutation is either gamete (sperm or egg). Specifically, this genetic anomaly is caused by the gene that regulates the expression and regulation of the protein nuerofibrin4. Like any genetic abnormality the results…. [read more]


Perception How Does Depth Research Paper

… It cannot be expected that a person would develop full depth perception the moment site is restored. It may take some time and practice for them to be able to develop the ability to distinguish distance. Pictorial therapy may help the person to improve their skills and ability to distinguish depth. The person's ability to learn would depend on many factors both physical and environmental. In theory, there are many ways that a person could develop depth perception when sight to one eye is restored. It is possible that a person could train themselves to see depth perception through a number of exercises (Sinha and Shukla). The degree of sight restored to the previously blind eye would also have an impact on their ability to…. [read more]


Krabbe Disease Research Paper

… Krabbe disease (also known as globoid cell leukodystrophy) is defined as a degenerative disorder that affects the nervous system. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine (2011) Krabbe disease is brought about by galactosylceramidase deficiency, which is an enzyme which assists in myelin maintenance which is a protection around some nerve cells responsible for transmission of nerve impulses.

The medics have suggested that this deficiency is inherited and leads to the loss of myelin which covers the nerve cells and expedites cell communication.

Krabbe Disease is also referred to using the below terms; Diffuse Globoid Body Sclerosis, Galactosylceramidase Deficiency Disease, Galactosylceramide lipidosis, galactosylcerebrosidase deficiency, galactosylsphingosine lipidosis, GALC deficiency, GCL, GLD and psychosine lipidosis as the recognized references in the medical practice.

Genetic component of…. [read more]


Aeronautics Degree Program as Enrolled Thesis

… ¶ … Aeronautics degree program as enrolled in by the student who wrote this report. There were several topics looked at for this project including increased visual intraocular pressure and other impairments during human spacefl9ight, the effects on space travel of the increase commercialization of the space programs around the world, the utilization of flight simulators by NASA and the pros and cons therein, the effects of transient vibrations and/or shock loads on spacecraft engines as well as with the structural integrity and the effect of space weather phenomenon such as geomagnetic storms, radiation blasts from the Sun and other radiation-giving bodies on NASA missions and aviation missions around the country in general. Relating to the last of those topics, how the data from the…. [read more]


Impact of Modern Telecommunications on Diplomacy Term Paper

… Telecommunications and Diplomacy

Telecommunications is the science and technology of communications at a distance by electronic transmission of impulses, as by telegraph, cable, telephone, radio or television (Lexico Publishing Group 2005). Up to the 1800s, information was sent through pigeons and horse-driving couriers and visual systems, based on observation of flags, lanterns, heliographs and semaphore signals (Caslon 2005). But these proved difficult to perform and often subjected to natural conditions, which interrupted transmissions during bad weather or animal movements. Experts believe that the current Information Age began in 1844 with the invention of the telegraph by Samuel Finley Morse, which sharply separated the speed of information from the slowness of human travel (John Seely Brown and Paul Duguid 2000 as qtd in Caslon). Morse first…. [read more]


Silver Base to Digital Photography Term Paper

… Silver Base to Digital Photography

The photography appeared as the result of two experiences. First, there was the discovery that some materials are sensitive to light. Second, there was the discovery of the black room. The word camera comes from Italian and it means "room." Even from the Renaissance ages, the box had been used to fixate drawings on paper or glass. The first use of this technique was to make a wooden box that would have one opening covered with a glass plaque that the artist used to see through and frame the image or trace it on paper. After that, some artists experimented with silhouettes, where a single light was placed in a dark room, and a thin paper or cloth was positioned…. [read more]


Homeland Security and Preparedness, Response Capstone Project

… (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(2) Geo-Call Mapping A county map with colored push pins representing call types and locations. The color bar and pie charts correlating calls by day and time. Awareness of crime locations and nexus to day and time lead to meaningful patrol, prevention, and disruption. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(3) Deputies Resource Center The center offers professional magazines, intelligence pamphlets, and case law updates. This creates a professional culture with efficient and effective law enforcement. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(4) Intelligence Database Intelligence information is submitted. Intelligence is shared. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(5) All Hazards An intelligence analyst e-mails important information regarding potential public safety hazards. This leads to situational awareness among all public safety stakeholders. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(6) Open-Source Alerts An intelligence analyst…. [read more]


Crimes Against Children Shaken Baby Syndrome Term Paper

… Crimes against Children - Shaken Baby Syndrome

The Shaken Child Syndrome is considered to be an acute form of violent head disturbances. It is attributed as the most common reason of the severe neurological damage as a consequence of child violence. This is more common particularly among the infants exhibited by the specific anatomic characteristics. The Shaken Child Syndrome gives rise to an acute magnitude of death and illness. (James; MacKay; Sirnick, 2003) Every year it is estimated that about 2,086,000 children are susceptible to the child abuse or negligence. The enhancement in the rate of understanding and response to child abuse have attracted more attention on the intensity of the harm occurred as a result of the forceful shaking of the infants previously ignored…. [read more]


Ethical Issues, Challenges, and Dilemmas Term Paper

… However, if the system is used to spy on competitors, then violation has occurred (EU 2001). Are privacy issues at stake with Echelon? Intelligence expert James Bamford, says Echelon is eroding individual privacy, a basic human right. Says Bamford, "Disembodied snippets of conversations are snatched from the ether, perhaps out of context, and may be misinterpreted by an analyst who then secretly transmits them to spy agencies and law enforcement offices around the world" (EU 2001). This report also came out just as the EU's Member States are due to require that service providers keep all phone, fax, email and internet data just in case they are needed in criminal investigations (EU 2001). Recommendations urge even private individuals, as well as businesses, use encrypt e-mails.…. [read more]


flows of freight have of late Essay

… ¶ … flows of freight have of late been a critical element of the modern changes in the financial and economic systems at the local, regional and global scales. Looking at these changes one must only do so at quantitative, structural, and operational levels. Structural changes largely entail manufacturing systems with their production geography, while operational changes largely involve freight transportation and its distribution geography. Thus, the key question not only involves the nature, and movements of freights, but also the manner in which this freight is moving (Hesse & Rodrigue, 2004).

The multifaceted perspectives of friction in view of modern supply chain management involve a number of factors. Hesse and Rodrigue (2004) noted that transport expenses, the intricacies of the supply chain, the physical…. [read more]


Cancer: A Deep Study Essay

… Cancer: A deep study through ages

Oncology is the study of cancer. It's a field in which numerous doctors and scientists have worked all across the world. Their work in chemistry, physiology, anatomy and epidemiology transformed oncology into what it is today. Oncology is the fastest developing field in science with cancer understanding and technological breakthroughs. It is a quickly developing medicinal field with huge prospects.

Cancer and its definition

Cancer starts developing in a human body when human cells spiral out of control. There are numerous forms of cancer and yet they all commence from abnormal growth of cells. In the United States of America, cancer is the second cause of most deaths. One third of women and one half of women will stimulate…. [read more]


Cloud Computing as an Enterprise Essay

… All of these factors were achieved by streamlining integration to legacy systems, in addition to ensuring each aspect of new product development, supply chain planning and execution, distribution and sales were all unified with the new cloud-based ERP system (Yoo, 2011). Olympus was also able to customize their ERP systems much more efficiently than had been the case in the past, as on-premise ERP systems from SAP had to be reconfigured through a highly unique, hard-to-understand programming language called ABAP. SAP designers had specifically created ABAP as a transaction processing language, choosing to define their own to ensure commonality across all SAP ERP versions. The challenge for many enterprises is that ABAP doesn't easily integrate into legacy environments due to byte ordering, compression and unique…. [read more]


Career Opportunities Research Proposal

… ¶ … Country

Given the state of the world economy, current college students along with recent graduates may feel that they have few options for success. But while certainly the potential field of opportunities is more circumscribed now than it was before this recession, there remains a range of possible careers for students with the right background, education, and training. Among those who should find themselves well prepared to enter the work place are Swiss college graduates. Opportunities for women are somewhat more limited for women than for men, not because women business students are less well trained but because there are still some reservations in certain firms about hiring women, especially for high-tech positions.

In particular Swiss college students who have pursued an undergraduate…. [read more]


Information Technology and Its Uses in the Nano Thesis

… Information Technology and Its Uses in Nano Technology

(http://www.nano.ecs.soton.ac.uk/images/research/nanoelectronics/motheye_large.jpg)

Information Technology and Nanotechnology

The future of modem society is often referred to in terms of technology and particularly new and innovative technological discoveries. While from one perspective science and technology has been blamed for many of the ills of modern society, such as the threat of climate change, on the other hand discoveries associated with new technologies have also increased optimism with regard to a better future for humanity. (Murphy & Pardeck, xv) One need only think of the controversy about the discoveries in genetics and cloning, which is seen as positive from a medical point-of-view and condemned from various ideological and mortal perspectives.

Thinkers and scientists have also explored the ways in which technology…. [read more]


Astrocytic Tumors Brain Term Paper

… Astrocytic Tumors

Brain tumor is one of the most lethal forms of cancers with more than 13,000 deaths every year in the United States. Though we are still a long way from developing medical interventions that promise total recovery, advancements in the diagnostic methods such as MRS, ultrasonic aspiration and in surgical procedures such as intraoperative neuronavigation, Gamma Knife radiosurgery, etc., have improved the precision for the surgeon and outcome for the patient to a significant extent. It is hoped that our increasing understanding of the molecular pathology of the disease propelled by the huge amount of research devoted to the field would lead to developing a successful treatment plan for astrocytoma and all other forms of brain tumors in the near future.

Introduction

Brain…. [read more]

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