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Middle East Term Paper

… Middle East

Discuss the difficulties faced by the Middle Eastern empires in adapting to the intellectual, technological, economic, political, and social challenges presented by the West in the 18th and 19th centuries.

The Middle Eastern empires had to adapt to the various challenges presented by the West in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries once it was clear that the balance of power in the affairs of the region had shifted to the West, meaning the powers in the West could be neither ignored nor controlled. By the end of the eighteenth century, the balance of power had shifted against the Ottoman Empire and toward the European Christian states. The Ottoman's had shown a progressive shift away from Europe and toward the East, and this was…. [read more]


Impact of Imperialism on the Middle East Term Paper

… Imperialism in the Middle East

The Impact of Imperialism in the Middle East

Imperialism and Decolonization:

A Case Study of Egypt and Iraq

In this paper, a discussion will be offered on the consequences of Western imperialism, notably British, that not only impacted on the immediate aftermath of their comportment in previously colonized areas, but also contributed in forming their prospective social, economic and political future, through examining imperialism in Egypt and Iraq. The powerlessness of the Egyptian and Iraqi authorities can be linked to the socio-economic modifications the British enforced and their disinclination to assume a choice to the Western construct of power.

It can be said that historically speaking, the Middle East has not been considered to be charitable to the power of…. [read more]


Imperialism Term Paper

… This cruel and inhuman practice gave the opportunity to develop heavy industry; mining and it gave the opportunity to start militarization. These results were achieved by numerous victims of innocent people who suffered from repressions and great purges as Stalin's regime eliminated anyone who had another opinion on the destiny of the country. The total number of Stalin's victims exceeds 20 million people.

So what were his achievements? In quite a short period (20 years) Russia was turned into an industrial state with developing industry and one of the strongest armies in Europe. Society had changed as it was developing according to a socialist model. State was the only power in the country, state was the only property owner. Citizens in majority were nearly equal;…. [read more]


How Westernization Impact on Iran Culture Social Value Term Paper

… Middle East

BACKGROUND INFORMATION OF IRAN TRADITIONAL CULTURE.

HOW THEY ISOLATED FROM WESTERN CULTURE AND RESTRICTED

ABOUT WESTERNIZATION. WHAT DOES IRAN CLUTURE VALUE?

EVIDENCE OF WESTERN INFLUENCE

EXAMPLES-BLACK MARKET (DRUG, FOOD, CLOTHES, WEAPON) - RELIGION (CHRISTIAN)

EFFECTS ON IRAN CULTURE

CHANGING WOMEN'S ROLE

RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS (WESTERN VALUES ARE VIOLATED KORAN WHICH IS ISLAMIC LAWS) -MORDINIZATION PLEASE USE SEPECIFIC EXAMPLES TO SHOW CULTURAL IMPACT ON IRAN

WHAT CAN WE LEAN FROM LOOKING AT IRAN WESTERNIZATION?

HOW DOES SOCIETY CHANGE?

WHAT CAN INFER ABOUT WESTERNIZATION IN MIDDLE EAST?

Westernization in Iran

The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze Iran and its modernization. Specifically it will discuss the impact of westernization on Iran's culture. It will look at the importance of Iran's westernization and…. [read more]


Media Imperialism Term Paper

… Other scholars further argue that western imperialism is responsible for transmitting modern colonial agendas (Baber 21)

Globalization influences on western imperialism and Orientalism in Saudi Arabia

Globalization is perhaps the most important aspect in transforming modern cultures and political environments. During the medieval times, ancient Persia rulers concentrated on governing subjects based on Muslim traditions. However, globalization, which began with the industrial revolution, brought various perspectives to cultures and politics in the Middle East. Western imperialism, on the other hand, began taking root during colonialism (Clammer 36). It was during these periods that citizens in the Middle East began fusing western principles to their traditions. Nevertheless, what would shock the world came because of globalization. Globalization influences led to the movement of people, consumer goods,…. [read more]


New Imperialism Term Paper

… New Imperialism

In 1899, British writer Rudyard Kipling published a poem called "The White Man's Burden" in McClure's Magazine. The poem urges the United States to take up the "white man's burden," the obligation of white people to colonize and "civilize" the dark-skinned native peoples of the world. Kipling writes, "Take up the White Man's burden / Send forth the best ye breed -- / Go send your sons to exile / To serve your captives' need / To wait in heavy harness / On fluttered folk and wild -- / Your new-caught, sullen peoples, / Half devil and half child." The poet's sentiments reflect a growing social trend in Europe and the United States that viewed whites, especially Protestants, as a superior race of…. [read more]


Middle East Culture Islam Israel Democratization Term Paper

… Roadblocks to Israeli Democratization

Roadblocks to the Democratization of Israel

Israel is a diverse nation with many different sects and cultures within it. When one compares this nation to the United States it would seem as the perfect place for democracy. One would expect it to have a peaceful existence where peoples of all cultures work together for common goals. However, when one examines the history of conflict in Israel they soon find that the nation of Israel is not anything like the United States at all. In Israel there has been little unification of cultures. The various cultures and religious sects have refused to give up any of their own identity and refuse to compromise any of their own interests. The following will explore…. [read more]


Neo-Liberalistic Legal Concepts on Nations Literature Review

… 1 (2002).] [26: Anita Chan, and Jonathan Unger, "A Chinese State Enterprise Under the Reforms: What Model of Capitalism?," The China Journal 62 (2009).] [27: Ross Cranston, "Theorizing Transnational Commercial Law," Texas International Law Journal 42, no. 3 (2007).]

Impact of Neo-Liberalism

The neo-liberalist philosophy described above is sometimes one of political expediency, but it makes government, and the laws that are enacted, more responsible[footnoteRef:28]. In his article about "The Dark Side of International Business"[footnoteRef:29], Madan Batra wrote that; [28: Andrew Kipnis, "Neoliberalism Reified: Suzhi Discourse and Tropes of Neoliberalism in the People's Republic of China," Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 13, no. 2 (2007).] [29: Madan M. Batra, "The Dark Side of International Business," Competition Forum 5, no. 1 (2007).]

"The dark side…. [read more]


Regional Identity Term Paper

… In the future, this influences various segments of society and the way they react to a variety of situations. (Fetterley 31)

Yet, it is also utilizing cultural imperialism to highlight how male dominated society is the most important feature for everyone to embrace. In both songs, there is an emphasis on this segment vs. others. When this happens, cultural imperialism is used to influence the views of the individual and their ideas about what attributes matter the most. ("Allentown") ("Where I Come From") (Fetterley)

This is illustrating how these differences are leading to increasing conflicts between the two ideas. In the two songs, the various philosophies are integrated together to use regionalism in support of cultural imperialism on a certain level. As a result, Fetterley…. [read more]


European Colonialism in the Middle East History Essay

… European Colonialism in the Middle East

History reveals how the European powers carved out their own colonies in the Middle East, partly for the sheer power of ownership and domination, and partly due to Europe's need for the valuable resources that the Middle East could provide. These power grabs have had a profound effect on the lives of the people in those nations. This paper will review and critique two countries in the Middle East that came under the colonial authority of European nations -- Iran and Egypt.

The Literature on Impacts of European Colonial Activity: David Seddon describes colonialism as the "process and later the system" through which the powers in Europe "intervened in, occupied, settled and defined as 'colonies'" (Seddon, 2004). Moreover, some…. [read more]


United States: Mitigate China's Influence in African Continent Research Paper

… China's Influence In Africa

Though the United States remain the sole true global superpower following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, over the subsequent two decades China has risen to fill some of the subsequent power vacuum, particularly in regions where the United States has never maintained a substantial presence. This is nowhere more true than on the African continent, here China has made important economic, diplomatic, and military inroads with numerous governments at the same time that the United States' focus is directed towards the Middle East, and particularly the War on Terror. China's success in Africa and the United States' own difficulties in the region are the result of historical and cultural factors that benefit the…. [read more]


Iran Hostage Discussion Questions: Middle East History Research Paper

… Iran Hostage

Discussion Questions: Middle East History

Compare and Contrast the reform policies of Mustafa Kemal and Reza Khan.

In the aftermath of World War I, the world had begun to experience massive structural change, with a wave of imperial collapses producing a groundswell of nationalism and independence movements. The once mighty and respected Ottoman Empire was among these, with decades of retraction and dictatorship unraveling into widespread discontent. So too would be the Kingdom of Persia find itself on the cusp of change, with an historical rule of clergymen and local warlords coalescing into disorder. In these circumstances, Mustafa Kemal and Reza Kahn would emerge to bring about the existence of modern Turkey and Iran respectively.

The great military and political leader, Mustafa Kemal…. [read more]


Europe, the Russian Federation, and East Asia Term Paper

… Geography

Meeting Place of Two Worlds

On the Borders of East Asia and the Russian Federation

Location shapes human culture in more ways than many can imagine. The ruggedness of the terrain, the availability of water, the vegetation and climate; all have their effects on the development of societies. As well, the human factors - neighboring peoples with differing social and religious customs, and different forms of organization and political development - these too play their part in the story of a place. Some cultures develop in relative isolation, as on an island in the middle of the ocean. The inhabitants of such a place need only deal with the pressures of the natural world. In other cases, however, a region's population must contend with…. [read more]


Political Framework of EU Thesis

… As a result, European nations looked forward to developing nations such as Asia, Africa and South America for the purchase of these necessities. For developing nations this was an opportunity to become known as suppliers of grist, therefore, they were willing to enter into this trade agreement. However, what European Leaders wanted was more than a simple trade agreement; their aim was to enforce their rules on these nations, making them colonies of the infinite European empire. Therefore, they entered into the agreement after setting out a lot of rules for the dependent nations to follow. As time passed by, these rules made the European leaders indirectly administer the nation, thus the nations became a part of European empire. History reveals that the imperialism is…. [read more]


Genocide Is Considered on an International Level Term Paper

… Genocide is considered on an international level to be the worst possible crime committed by a nationality or group. It is the mass killing of a group of people, or as defined by the UN as "any acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group. Numerous genocides have been committed within the last century, the most notable of which include the Holocaust, Yugoslavia, and Rwanda. The apt question of why Genocide occurs is a very complex and diluted issue. The first is to understand that Genocide as a practice is not unique to modern society; it is an ongoing process that has spanned since the beginning of time. Genocide was consistently conducted throughout Greco-Roman…. [read more]


Sociology History of Business Science Research Proposal

… Delimitations

Today, modern business systems help an increasingly globalized world function in seamless ways. In fact, English is rapidly becoming the lingua franca of the business world and transnational borders and cross-cultural factors no longer operate as major barriers to commerce. Further, a wide range of financial instruments exist such as letters of credit and bills of lading whose purpose and operation are readily understood by businesspeople from New York to New Delhi. Business correspondence too has a fairly standardized format that businesspeople all over the world both use and understand and all of these features have helped create a modern business system that is both efficient and effective in achieving the movement of goods and services around the world. All of these business systems,…. [read more]


Non-Western World by Western Powers Thesis

… The acquisition of more colonies would help the Western powers to attain the world power status or join the league of world powers because such measures would promote empire-building throughout the world. Actually, colonies provided additional human and material resources that kept European powers in their game of world powers. There are several examples that show that European imperialism was influenced by the need to join the league of world powers and acquire this status. First, France sought to acquire more colonies, especially in the western and northern parts of Africa in order to regain its status as the largest European power. Since France was the largest power in Europe before Germany, the acquisition of more colonies was considered as a means of mitigating Germany's…. [read more]


Rise and Decline of Nationalism Research Paper

… Rise and Decline of Nationalism in the West and East

The use of nationalism as a source of political, economic, and societal engagement has had and maintains a prevalent role in recent and past history. The origins of World War I and the continuities that led to World War II can be interpreted in many ways as functions of nationalistic tendencies. The force of these tendencies became greatly accentuated through their own decline as Post-War stability wrought a new set of ideals to the West. The nation in its most virulent sense was sacrificed in the better interest of unity and interdependence within Western Europe and in the U.S.

While one part of the world became more entwined, another became more fractured. Post-War stability meant…. [read more]


Women and Islam the Western Perception Term Paper

… Women and Islam

The Western perception of Islam is of a religion that is especially restrictive of women. Christianity has had its own more restrictive policies toward women in the past, but the West believes it has evolved to a more equitable view of the rights of women and of equality of the sexes. Islam is seen as living in the past and as failing to modernize, while Islam sees its restrictions as socially constructive and as elevating women rather than keeping them down. Such differences in perception are based on historical differences and also on the way the West has changed and now expects others to do the same without necessarily making the case in a way that appeals to Islam. There are some…. [read more]


Muhammad Ali in Egypt Thesis

… But they took away, for five centuries, the possibility of an independent Arab-dom, and Arab nationalists bore them considerable ill-will for it[footnoteRef:13]. The only 'Arab' state conquered by the Turks which was not in irremediable decay, was the Mamluk state of Egypt and Syria[footnoteRef:14]. The Mamluks themselves were a dynasty of Turkish slaves; and in any case they afterwards succeeded, as did all the North African provinces, in enjoying internal autonomy under Ottoman suzerainty. The claim that the caliphate had been transmitted to the Ottoman sultans was made only late in the history of the Empire. It was as Turkish rulers that they held their power, and only secondarily (if at all) as vice-regents of the Prophet. They preserved and even sharpened the distinction between…. [read more]


1800 CE to the Present Assessment

… AD to Present

The Civil War

Julia Ward Howe composed her "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to the tune of "John Brown's Body," which the Union soldiers sang in the Civil War. John Brown had been a controversial figure -- and one whose sanity was questioned by men like Herman Melville in his anthology of Civil War poetry, which included a composition called "Weird John Brown." Henry David Thoreau on the other hand praised and extolled the virtues of the radical abolitionist, whose extremism essentially led to his execution. While Melville saw Brown as a symptom of the times, Thoreau saw him as a revolutionary guide -- and that same sense of revolution is what inspired "Civil Disobedience."

Problems with the Constitution are what led…. [read more]


Constructing Responses Essay

… French militia and troops actually aided the colonists in fighting off the British forces.

The outcome of the French Revolution was similar to that of the American Revolution in that common people were able to take more of an active involvement in the daily affairs of the government. The absolute, monarch system was replaced by a more modern republic, in which several attempts were made to present a more egalitarian and balanced form of government. Furthermore, the resources of the country (as actualized in the form of land, labor, and material and monetary wealth) were redistributed so that it was possible for people other than monarchs and nobles to enjoy prosperity (Ginn & Company 1789).

The result of the revolutions in Latin America were highly…. [read more]


Age of Discovery Term Paper

… ¶ … Age of Discovery:

The so-called "Age of Discovery" occurred between 1450 and 1650, roughly beginning during the early years of the Renaissance Period in Europe and ending with the "Age of Reason." During this two hundred year span, European explorers from countries like Great Britain, Spain, France and Portugal extensively traveled to the "New World" or North America in search of new trades routes that might lead them to vast resources of gold, silver and spices for the ever-expanding economies of their native countries.

One of the most famous of these explorers was Christopher Columbus who with the financial assistance of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 1492 to "discover" the Americas. Currently, there is much…. [read more]


Duiker and Speilvogel's Book Term Paper

… "

Imperialism in its simplest form is described in the dictionary as the policy of extending a nation's authority by territorial acquisition or by establishing economic and political hegemony over other nations. And basically, Duiker and Spielvogel support this by providing material that describes a "progressive" society, albeit European society as the emerging society for reformation, the intellectual revolution and the foundational for cultural and social change. Africa, Asia and India are viewed as countries of lesser stimulation and places that would benefit from European globalization.

France, England and the other civilized countries brought the benefits of their advanced civilizations to worlds beyond their perimeters. "There is a smug and simple argument, but one of great appeal in the late 19th century when European technological…. [read more]


Andrew Carnegie Thesis

… Andrew Carnegie

Perhaps the story of Andrew Carnegie begins best in his own words: "During my childhood the atmosphere around me was in a state of violent disturbance in matters theological as well as political. Along with the most advanced ideas which were being agitated in the political world -- the death of privilege, the equality of the citizen, Republicanism -- I heard many disputations upon theological subjects which the impressionable child drank in to an extent quite unthought of by his elders (Carnegie, Andrew, 1920, p. 22)." If this sounds much like the world around us today, then it is perhaps the life of Carnegie, having described that world around him to which we now can relate to; remains a historical figure of significance…. [read more]


Sexuality and Orientalism Essay

… Sexuality and Orientalism

The purpose of the present paper is to discuss the theme of sexuality ad Orientalism. The main issue that will be put under analysis are represented by the obligation to wear the veil and bell dancing. While analysing these matters the paper will attempt to make some considerations regarding gender.

In analyzing the dynamics of human relationships and their contribution to the creation and the functioning of society there has always been the tendency to divide the situations according to the influence of gender. And gender has always been considered in binary terms, that is male -- female. Third and fourth parties have been given little of no attention at all throughout history. What are the implications of this? First and foremost…. [read more]


Algonquin Indian Tribes of Michigan and the Influence the Early French Term Paper

… Agonquin Indian Tribes of Michigan and the Influence the Early French Had on These Tribes

The history of the American people is the result of numerous influences that have put their mark on what is today the American culture and heritage. The entire array of factors that have determined the unique yet troubled history of the United States belong to numerous cultures and civilization that have remained to this day important landmarks for the definition of the cultural framework of this country. In this sense, the Indians have had a considerable contribution to the establishment of the cultural background as well as of the environment in which later settlers, such as the Europeans would place their mark and in which they would develop a distinctive…. [read more]


Most Significant Event Essay

… ¶ … 20th Century in American History

By virtually any measure that is applied, the 20th century in general and the second half in particular represented the most turbulent and violent periods in world history. During this 50-year time span, the United States became embroiled in three regional wars in Korea, Vietnam and the Persian Gulf that cost the lives of over 100,000 Americans, witnessed the bloody but successful Civil Rights Movement and the construction and then destruction of the Berlin Wall. To determine the impact of these powerful events on the people, this paper provides a review of the peer-reviewed and scholarly literature followed by a summary of the research and a hypothesis concerning changes that will take place in the American political climate…. [read more]


Starbucks Corporation Competing in a Global Market Term Paper

… Starbuck's Case Study

Briefly describe the history and evolution of Starbucks.

Seattle entrepreneurs Jerry Baldwin, Zev Siegl, Gordon Bowker founded Starbucks in 1971, locating their coffee importing business in Seattle's Pike Place market. The founders were content to grow the coffee importer to five stores in the metro Seattle area, and were gradually becoming known in the coffee industry, and as a result of these associations met Howard Schultz, who would eventually buy the chain and transform its business model. Mr. Schultz was passionate about introducing retailing concepts he had originally discovered during a trip to Milan, Italy and immediately after coming back from Italy, launched what would become the prototypical Starbucks stores, combining meetings places with good ambience for friends catching up with each…. [read more]


Developing a Maritime Policy for Saudi Arabia Term Paper

… ¶ … Rational Maritime Policy for Saudi Arabia

The Untapped Potential of Saudi Arabia's Maritime Resources

Saudi Arabia is not a nation whose fate has been historically associated with the oceans. Images conjured of Saudi Arabia will involve oil fields and vast deserts. At first blush, there seems little reason to even consider a maritime policy for the nation, let alone a rational and holistic one that incorporates information from many maritime interests and successfully coordinates policy decisions for all. This is a misconception. In fact, Saudi Arabia has an intimate and strategic relationship with two major oceanic routes: the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. As the importance of these routes is certain to grow in the coming years and decades, it is important…. [read more]

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