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Corporate Social Responsibility in Indian Dissertation

… Therefore, those who are provided with more assets have responsibility of sharing them with the deprived ones in the society. Hence, the owners of the assets are actually trustees in nature who are expected to serve the society, take from their assets as per their needs and use their property to the best interest of society. It is important to note that Gandhi was a supporter of neither capitalism nor socialism. However, communism was an unacceptable theoretical model for him. He believed in giving everyone equal rights of continuing their lives; therefore, use of non-violence and unjustified means was not expectable for him at all.

Due to his compliance to socialism and capitalism, he presented an idea of economy which was capable of using its…. [read more]

Improving Corporate Governance in Small- to Medium-Sized Research Proposal

… ¶ … Improving Corporate Governance in Small- to Medium-Sized Enterprises

When some people hear the term, "corporate governance," they likely associate it with major publicly traded domestic corporations and multinationals. The need for good corporate governance, though, also applies to companies of all types and sizes, including small- to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as well. For example, O'Sullivan reports that, "Corporate governance is concerned with the institutions that influence how business corporations allocate resources and returns. Specifically, a system of corporate governance shapes who makes investment decisions in corporations, what types of investments they make, and how returns from investments are distributed" (2001, p. 1). With respect to how it is practiced in individual corporations, corporate governance "is normally directed toward the internal workings of the…. [read more]

Security Metrics Governance of Information Research Paper

… (2005) reports that a key aspect of the information security program is that of 'governance' and that the Corporate Governance Task Force report (CGTF 2004) "includes an information security governance (ISG) assessment questionnaire, intended to be useful to both private and public sectors. The ISG assessment tool focuses on the "people" and "process" components of an information security program and may be useful to some SCADA stakeholder organizations." (Pronto, 2008, p.19)

The Corporate Information Security Working Group (CISWG 2005), building on NIST SP 800-55 and the ISG assessment tool, is reported to have identified "best practices and supporting metrics for enterprise security programs. Most of the metrics take the form of percentages (systems, procedures, personnel) that conform to a given best practice. The CISWG best…. [read more]

CSR in Saudi Firms Corporate Literature Review

… Considering that the case study firms are typical examples of Chinese businesses, our conclusion is that CSR engagement is low in all

of China. Zhang (2008)

For cultural and historical reasons, Chinese private businesses have been given low

status in all industrial sectors in China. Socialist China has traditionally been opposed

to Capitalism, which in practice is represented by private business. During the Great

Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, all individuals were required to work for the commune and the state: having a small private business was considered as pursuing capitalism, and hence was considered to be anti-socialist. With such a strong political position, many private businessmen were brutally purged, and many of their families suffered as well. So historically, Chinese governmental policies have…. [read more]

Employees as Benefactors of Corporate Research Paper

… A glance at Target's 2012 CSR statement (2013) reveals a company earning over $73 billion in revenue during fiscal year 2012 (p. 4), while still contributing over $4 million weekly to local communities (p. 85). This represents 5% of profits, which places Target solidly within the pro-CSR camp. The majority of contributions went to fund education initiatives and programs, such as reading proficiency. The more than $200 million contributed in 2012 represents a portion of the $777 million total donated so far by Target to education. In 2012, employees also volunteered close to 700,000 hours to community projects.

The CSR philosophy adopted by Target was not based on a knee-jerk memo circulated around management, but represents an intentional decision designed to place the corporation in…. [read more]

Whirlpool Whirl Pool Supply Chain Case Study

… The requirements of the new system were identified in collaboration with IT depart of the organizations. The system requirements and desired results were clearly communicated by the business management. These efforts revealed quantifiable results and improvements in business performance. The business performance results can be stated as following.

Business Performance Results:

The availability of products was increased from 83% to 93% which has gradually improved over the years to currently 97% as of today. The finished goods inventory was reduced yup to 20% as a result the cost associated with maintenance of finished inventory is also reduced. The cost of freight and warehouse is also minimized up to 5%. The cost of the project implementation however remains a secret. The implementation of i2 APS has…. [read more]

Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq Literature Review

… Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq

Private investment in developing countries

An overview on early Empirical studies

In 1980s, the developing countries encountered some increment in their development behaviours with debt crisis, which affected the formation of capital. Concurrently, the affected countries were transforming from the post-era to a structural reform efforts. In mid 1980s, the developing countries adopted the reform programs within the new paradigms (Serven&Salimano, 1993) & (Jaspersen, Aylward&Sumlinski, 1970). Consequently, this led to the formation of environmental private sector that highly relied on the existing market. The formation and implementation of the new policies affected the availability of response to the private investments. The debt crisis lowered the private investments within the developing countries and this disheartened them. The…. [read more]

Corporate Social Responsibilities Term Paper

… ¶ … responsibility of companies has historically been defined in purely economic terms. For example, Friedman (1990) considered maximization of shareholder wealth as being the sole objective and responsibility of a well-managed company. This perspective, though, generally viewed corporate social responsibility activities as a distraction rather than a goal. From this perspective, any expenditures of resources in the interests of social responsibility was at the expense of shareholders, and the interests of shareholders and other stakeholders were defined implicitly as conflicting and mutually exclusive. Today, though, stakeholder theory maintains that stakeholders should be considered as an important component in a company's overall business plan. By sharp contrast, neoclassical economic theory treats companies as unitary actors that seek to maximize their profits. The stakeholder approach to…. [read more]

Private Equity and Capital Research Proposal

… Private Equity and Capital Market

Austrian Private Equity Research Proposal

In the current global financial crisis, it is clear that equity can not come directly from one major source, but that it must be spread out in order to provide greater security in times of crisis. Yet, this is unfortunately not the case in Austria, where there is an extremely underdeveloped private equity market. How can Austria's private equity market then be increased?

The Austrian Private Equity is underdeveloped. Given the importance of small and medium sized enterprises within the Austrian economy, it is crucial to have a well functioning capital market that gives businesses choices in terms of raising capital and funding growth. The financial crisis has clearly demonstrated what happens when the market…. [read more]

United Parcel Service (UPS) Strategic Research Paper

… The company has acquired sufficient vehicles and airplanes that satisfy the demand for its services. This has ensured that the items to be delivered in different destinations are delivered on time boosting the levels of customer satisfaction in the business. This has acted as a major distinctive competitiveness for the company amidst the high competition that it faces from other players (Selig, 2008).

In addition, safe deliveries have made the company be recognized globally. The excellent reputation has enabled the company to acquire competitive advantage. Safety is a major factor in the transport industry that cannot be underestimated by the company. UPS has valued the need to ensure that the items that it transports are safe. The company is proud of its safe deliveries: the…. [read more]

Nestle Is a Large Scale Essay

… Other major threats for Nestle include day by day increasing raw material costs, manufacturing costs, Research and Development expenses, and human resource development expenses. These high costs negatively impact its financial performance in both local and international markets. Moreover, inflationary pressures, recession and critical economic conditions, and political instability in different target countries also impact Nestle's operational performance and profitability in a negative way.

Strategies in the light of SWOT Analysis

Nestle can overcome its weaknesses by utilizing its strengths and availing the potential opportunities from the market. The major benefits which Nestle can realize from its strong financial position and huge scale of operations is the risk free business expansion into the potential target markets of the world. It can search for new markets…. [read more]

Integrating Total Quality Environmental Management Term Paper

… Environmental management includes recycling and remanufacturing of parts and products (Anthony, 2002). Disassembly and recycling of reusable parts help the cause of environment protection, reduces the cost of usage of a fresh component, and avoids disposal costs. Material Resource Planning (MRP), an assembly-oriented scheduling system, does not support the process of disassembly. Uncertainty of quality, quantity and timing of recovery of reusable parts makes production planning difficult. To incorporate product recovery planning in MRP, use of reverse bill of material for every retrieved component or product is recommended. Concepts used in planning probabilistic demands for end items are used in structuring the bill of material.

Closed loop system is a widely used environment practice by many companies. This system requires new material only on non-receipt…. [read more]

Performance of Chinese Listed Companies With Respect to Ownership Structure Research Proposal

… Performance of Chinese Listed Companies With Respect to Ownership Structure

Chinese listed companies have different ownership structures. They can be broadly classified as those majority owned by the state, Sino-foreign joint ventures and private enterprises. The performance of the companies is also influenced by the fact that not all of the shares were freely transferable on the open market. The Chinese government, though, has been allowing these so called "legal person shares" to become formally transferable, a process that implies more liquidity. Although most of these shares remain ultimately controlled by the Chinese government, the presence of these institutional shares is believed to exert a positive effect on firm performance (Stiglitz 2001).

Whether these influences also have an impact on firm performance as reflected by…. [read more]

Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Was Intended Research Paper

… Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 was intended to help investors be more certain of the steps they take while relying on a particular organization. There has been mixed reviews on how the act has impacted different corporations. While its application is important to most businesses, the cost factor overrides the advantages in some areas. This paper deals with defining the structure of the act and overall effect which the act has had on organizations. It demonstrates the extent to which smaller public companies are influenced by the rules stated in the act and the reaction of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to the responses received from these smaller companies. It also shows how the non-profit organizations such as universities are dealing with the compliance issues…. [read more]

Global Accounting Standards Essay

… International Accounting Standards: Adoption And Transition

Traditionally, the accounting profession has been seen as a functionary occupation, the practitioners of which are concerned with the presentation of economic figures relating to individual and organizational financial performance. Accountancy has been seen largely as a field reserved for mathematical grunt-work, with its output serving as indicative of performance rather than incursive upon it. Today, that perspective has been altered significantly, for better and for worse. The role of accounting professionals has both diversified and expanded considerably over the past few years, with practitioners in this field coming to serve as primary decision-makers and organizational visionaries in their own right. This serves as a testament to the crucial contribution of accountancy-derived economic insight in the determination of sensible…. [read more]

Bancolombia: Talent, Culture, and Value Case Study

… It was a monopolistic market structure of mortgage market in which Conavia operated successfully. With 257 offices and 3977 employees, the company held 19.3% market share of mortgage with provision of 55% of funds in mortgage credit market and 35% in commercial loans. The company was 'people oriented' with due importance given to customers as well as the staff.


With its establishment in 1993, Confinsura was only dealing in financial services provision to large and corporate clients. Credit line, financial services, treasury management, and investment as well as stock market operations were main service concerns of the company. With little share in the assets market prior to the integration, the joint company achieved 47% of the assets market share in Colombia.

2.2 Change leader…. [read more]

Metrics, Implementation, and Enforcement (Security Research Paper

… Cridex has been a bot Trojan that operates by opening the rear door on the compromised Computer and putting in a form of the Necurs rootkit to avoid conventional operating-system-based security and safety applications from reading through its binaries. This targeted breach generally starts execution around the target system via a drive-by-download breach that makes use of system susceptibility or perhaps a social engineering strike with an e-mail attachment. After that it installs the Necurs rootkit, which has also been utilized by a number of malware groups, such as Advanced Pc Shield 2012 along with Banker, to endanger the operating-system. Cridex subsequently assumes charge of the victim's computer system and enables it to gather data and possibly make deceptive transactions simply by manipulating genuine bank…. [read more]

Impact of Big Data on Business Strategy Term Paper

… ¶ … Big Data on Business Strategy

Business Strategies

The competitive nature of today's business environment is driving companies to use technology driven business strategies (Berman & Hagan, 2006, p.28). Big Data and technology are undoubtedly impacting on business strategy progression. The research indicates that Big Data offers real-time application, which allows businesses to move information to analytics tools from various systems and sources. The ability for a business to analyze the behavior of a consumer based on experiences depends on the ability of their Database system to load, transform, analyze, and present data. Technology is finding wide application in organizations, creating opportunities for strategy formulation, implementation, assessment, and evaluation. This research finds it necessary to identify key technological advances that are affecting business strategies…. [read more]

Management Problem Identification Expanding the Business Overseas Research Proposal

… Expanding Business Overseas

Global expansion of high-growth businesses is often done by default through intuitive or even anecdotal research, rather than by evaluating the alignment of a given firms' core strengths and cultural values to other nations' cultures. Yet this is precisely what the consultancy must do; it must look to cultural frameworks to provide insights into which nation is the best potential candidate to launch their business and software application into. Hong Kong, Singapore, the U.S., Canada, the United Kingdom and France have all been mentioned as potential foreign markets of interest. Within each of these regions there are cultural nuances and differences that defy anecdotal analysis. What the consultancy needs to do is evaluate these nations from a cultural fit standpoint to ascertain…. [read more]

Organizational Culture the Catalyst for Growth Thesis

… Organizational Culture

The catalyst for growth in both manufacturing and services small businesses is the nurturing continual strengthening of teams. Far from a panacea to the pains of small businesses, teamwork is one of the most demanding aspects of keeping any size of business running. The many levels of teams as defined by Drucker (Alas, 2007) encompassing Fixed Position, Parallel, and Innovation-oriented have particular relevance to the stability and growth of small businesses. Each of these types of teams has direct implications on how effective small business leaders are in empowering their employees (Hayes, 2008). Drucker differentiates each of these teams by the rigidity or agility of processes undertaken, skill sets of employees, and level of group vs. individual accountability. The role of teams in…. [read more]

Vertical Farming in Singapore Research Proposal

… With vertical farming, we can also rule out the occurrence of poor harvests due to weather problems such as floods and drought (Venter 2010, P. 105). The production of the crop can also be done all year round as it is taking place in a controlled environment (Hopkins & Goodwin 2011, P. 228). This to a significant extent increases the quantity of the food produced since the seasons are eliminated. These are all steps towards the ultimate goal of producing enough food for the expanding population.

In the process of increasing production, vertical farming also serves to restore the balance in the natural ecosystem. It utilizes a system where water is constantly recycled (Venter 2010,P 106). This way, loss of water through runoff is avoided.…. [read more]

Marketing Plan. The Mission Statement Term Paper

… , 1994). They might inform the administration of the developments that can be completed in the teaching and management of sales and service workforce (Clark at al, 1992). To keep customer loyal and happy, company must integrate information based on complaints into established and trusted sources of intelligence within the company (Adamson, 1993, p.444).

5. Provide the following information about the marketing strategies:

a. Discuss the company's competitors, and its strengths and weaknesses.

The existing market share is concentrated at the top with brands such as Starbucks, Caribou Coffee, Coffee Bean and Tea Leaf, Diedrich (Gloria Jean's) and Peet's Coffee take the bulk of the shares. At the bottom, the share is quite fragmented and split. The strategy assumed by the top shareholders relies heavily…. [read more]

Airlines Globalization and Technology Improving Term Paper

… The relationship of the customers may also be seen as beneficial, with many loyal customers returning to the company time after time. The organization has a loyalty scheme, which is not unusual for airlines, but for passengers to travel frequently it provides additional benefits which are likely to attract customers back to the same airline in order to gain the benefits associated with royalty (Kotler & Keller, 2011).

The acquisition of AirTran has created more resources, including knowledge resources, particularly with reference to international flights, as the company already had some international experience. The knowledge resources and experience that are gained has helped the organization expands away from just domestic flights, with the company now flying to the Caribbean and Mexico (Southwest Airlines, 2014).

The…. [read more]

Multinational Corporations Around the Globe Term Paper

… Despite such systematic advantages, this management scheme can also limit the firm's potential sources of innovation. And while innovation in this type of productive environment is certainly not as abundant as in intellectually and technologically-based manufacturing firms, innovation does play a role in improving efficiency . However, knowing the authoritative nature of The Hangzhou Artsun Garment Company's operating model, innovations are most often initiated by executive bodies or even external entities (for instance when there is an equipment innovation initialized by a supplier).

In addition to the different directorial approaches utilized by The Hangzhou Artsun Garment Company and its American counterparts, the products produced by these firms differ greatly. The production process of The Hangzhou Artsun Garment Company requires a large facility with many low-skilled…. [read more]

Asia Pacific Business China Term Paper

… Furthermore the organizations in Australia are of diverse opinions as compared to the Chinese and the organizations in Australia hold to the belief of harmony on ethnic issues and are more integrated into the thought-process in diversity.

There exist the factors of motivation by autonomy and uncertainty in employment for the Australian manager than for the Chinese. Australians are also more achievement motivated. In comparison to the Chinese independence and control are much less factors of motivations for the Australians as well as being less motivated by security on the economic level. Finally Australians are less motivated by ambition.

"Compared to their Chinese, Indian and South African counterparts, Australian managers indicate a significantly higher commitment to ethical principles with lower commitment to business objectives regardless…. [read more]

Real Do You Think Essay

… As a result, all large-scale, medium and small-scale private and public sector business organizations situated in regions or nations prone to terrorists' threats must make sure that they put all the necessary measures needed to protect their businesses and their staff. Proper crisis management structures, which entail briefed, fully trained and frequently exercised measures, are paramount (Homeland Security 2011, p.27). The crisis management teams must be in a position to tackle emergencies of common temperament such as bomb attacks and threats and other threats specific to their business organizations.

Companies that send their employees in crisis hotspots across the world must train and prepare them for likelihood of terrorists' attacks. The food and drink industry companies, the crisis management must prepare their abilities in event…. [read more]

Corporate Stock Repurchase Share Buyback Thesis

… Stock repurchasing has become a fundamental aspect of both high yield company strategies as well as the public trading of stock in general. This work will first explain the reasons why a company might choose to develop a stock buyback strategy and what challenges and restrictions they face in doing so. The work will then go on to develop a case study style understanding of the repurchasing strategies, in both 2006 and 2008 of Microsoft. The stock repurchasing strategy of Microsoft is in part in response to its history as a venture capital investment. Individuals who invested in the past and continue to retain interest in the company are clearly expecting continual payoffs, if not a windfall at least growth of payment reflective of company…. [read more]

Low Cost Airline in Thailand Thesis

… One now needs a BA to be Member of Parliament, setting up a whole new arena for potential corruption. Ironically, it was the military that forced political reform to proceed, easing public tensions and siding with a popular cause against an 'unusually corrupt' and incompetent government. For example, 123 members of the Thai parliament received envelopes containing fifty 1000 baht notes from the Minister of Education during a 6 February 1997 meeting about reform of the education system[footnoteRef:9]. [9: Van Esterik, P. (2000). Materializing Thailand / . Oxford, England: Berg. Retrieved June 11, 2011, from Questia database:]

Nature of Airlines

Before the advent of international airlines, Thailand was much neglected by tourists, as Bangkok was far from the main sea lanes. The health hazards…. [read more]

Promoting Performance Culture in Organizations Enhancing Sustainable Organizational Productivity of SME's in Gambia Dissertation

… ¶ … independence less than half a century ago, the Gambia stands at a vital crossroads in its brief history as a nation today. On the one hand, the Gambia enjoys the natural beauty, friendly people, low cost of living and geographic proximity to Europe to make it a desirable tourist destination, particularly for those who are interested in so-called eco-tourism. On the other hand, though, the Gambia lacks many of the natural resources that have helped similarly situated countries become economically viable in an increasingly globalized marketplace. Indeed, a majority of the nation's citizenry is still heavily dependent on agriculture for their livelihood, and literacy rates in the Gambia remain dismally low. In this environment, identifying opportunities for promoting a performance culture in Gambian…. [read more]

Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Literature Review

… These firms have very few meetings of audit committees, they have very few directors who are independent, their audit committees have very few experts present, and they have CEOs who are also the Chairmen of the boards. While on the other hand the firms with strong corporate governance are prone to have consistent as well as positive results.

Abbott et al. (2004) have presented the impact of the characteristics of audit committee on the financial statements. This means that the more the audit committee is competent, independent, and full of experts, the lesser would be the chances of fraud to occur which will decrease the percentage of negativity on corporate earnings as well as increase shareholder confidence. The authors worked on two different groups, one…. [read more]

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