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India Cultural Identity Challenges Essay

… India Cultural Identity Challenges

Many non-Western countries went through a phase of decentering due to the influence of Western countries This led them to lose their identities and embrace Western influence as part of its society. This decentring had a big impact on their social and cultural aspects and led to the formation of a new society that has a mix of Western and native culture today. Many Asian and African countries were ruled by European colonial powers during between the 18th and 20th centuries and one such country was India. It was ruled by the British for two centuries and this led to a substantial decentering of their culture.

Prior to British Imperialism

India was a predominant Hindu nation before the arrival of the…. [read more]

Personal Identity and Cultural Identity Has Moving Research Proposal

… Personal Identity and Cultural Identity

Has Moving to Los Angeles Made a Difference in the Personal Identity of Middle-Eastern Persons Over the Age of 40?

People identify with the place in which they spend a majority of their lives. When they migrate to another area, it can cause a sense of loss for something familiar. Migrants of Middle Eastern decent who move the Los Angeles area step into a world that is very different from the one that they left. This research will explore the experiences and affects of this move on those who must leave the home country. It will examine the process of acculturation and their ability to adjust in their new land.

Has Moving to Los Angeles Made a Difference in the…. [read more]

India, a Primarily Hindu Country Term Paper

… In another instance, John Calvert and Richard Francey's of the 22nd WEDC conference critiqued the current management of India's Public Health sector. Calvert and Francey state that the current managers in the Indian Public Health sector, while being excellent administrators in the strictest sense, are outdated. They have very little understanding of "strategic management, institutional development and the wider policies of environment, gender and commercialization." Basically, they Indian's managers, just like they technological level is playing catch-up with the western world.

The way to remedy this situation is developing programs to address these issues. The main issue is to expand the horizons of Indian managers. They need to see the bigger picture, the global view. They need to be completely up-to-date with technology and how…. [read more]

Cultural Priorities Affect Marketing Research Paper

… There are many examples of cultural priorities; these are just a few to establish a brief context within which to address the question of cultural priorities and marketing.

Just as much as people and places help construct a culture, the brand of a product can contribute to cultural construction, too:

"Brands can be an integral part of a culture, and in many ways the relation- ship between culture and brands is symbiotic. Brands that successfully anticipate trends in popular culture prosper better than those that do not (see the September 2007 Point-of-View "What Makes an Iconic Brand?"), while brands that are not aligned with local cultures can find it difficult to prosper at all. Brands contribute to cultures not only through the needs they address…. [read more]

Identity Brazil Modernism and National Article Review

… Her turn towards Brazilian themes was concurrent with her experimentation with new Modernist aesthetic trends. In 1922, she was the only woman to exhibit at the Salon Officiel des Artistes Francais; at that time, however, she was painting in an academic style however after her return to Brazil, she formed the Modernist Group of Five (Pilippou, 2005). The reappraisal of the Indian, the African and the popular did not overthrow the colonial and the artists and architects who embraced Modernism turned towards the colonial past in search of their cultural roots (Pilippou, 2005). This eventually led to recognition of a mixture of cultures that were present in the country.

The Brazilian mixture was characterized as a reciprocity between the cultures, and not a domination of…. [read more]

Cross-Cultural Psychology in West Essay

… Like Sajid, she is a British girl with roots in the Pakistani village. She speaks fluent English but also understands the social norms and expectations of a Pakistani bride. However, she does not feel threatened by them and sees it with a touch of humor.

Other Cultural Dimensions in West is West

Along with individualism-collectivism, Hofstede (1980) discusses cross-cultural differences along three other dimensions: uncertainty avoidance, power distance, and masculinity-feminity. In terms of uncertainty avoidance, Rashida is seen to have a higher tolerance for ambiguity than Ella. Rashida has been able to survive without seeing her husband for 30 years and knowing only that he has taken a second wife. On the other hand, Ella shows a lower tolerance for ambiguity and uncertainty since she…. [read more]

Culture Industry the Cultural Industries Essay

… In addition, such industries also help public institutions that have an involvement in the social services. However, there are a number of challenges that cultural industries are facing in the contemporary times. Firstly, for the enhancement of innovation, an improvement is needed in the people-institutions connection. Secondly, public and private support needs coordination for the minimization of redundancy. Such industries also face the challenge of creating emphasized focus on the economic conditions that may be improved by both cultural and artistic elements. Thirdly, small and medium scale organizations must be provided with reliable funding sources.


To cut a long story short, it is the need of the time that the world starts giving the due importance to arts and culture. Every country must be…. [read more]

Intergenerational Relationships in Identity Construction Every Night Thesis

… ¶ … Intergenerational Relationships in Identity Construction

Every night, I have the same nightmare.

I search through a crowd of people on an endless expanse of green lawn, pushing past bow-tied waiters in white uniforms who carry trays piled high with biscuits, sandwiches, and tea. [….] Beyond the garden, there is a pavilion trimmed in teak, furnished with cane-backed chairs where the pale, white ghosts of British officers and their wives, the founders of this place, whose names are still etched on the plaques at the front entrance, congregate to laugh at the antics of the natives, swirling their gin and scotch, clinking their glasses. [….] I am distracted by voices behind me, calling my name. [….] These are the all familiar characters from stories…. [read more]

Globalizing Cultures Essay

… Globalizing Cultures

Globalization is one of the most discussed issues in the present, with people from around the world being both supportive towards it and criticizing the concept. Those supporting it normally claim that it should be accepted mainly for the fact that it is an inevitable process, and, moreover, because of the fact that it brings people together, eventually even offering a solution to problems that are several millennia old. Rejecting globalization is something that relates to nationalism and to individuals wanting to refute the idea of having to live alongside of others coming from different environments. One of the greatest fears that people have when conferring about globalization is that it virtually kills cultural identity, having the generations to come confused when attempting…. [read more]

Are Indian-Israeli Relations Useful for India's National Interests? Thesis

… ¶ … Indian-Israeli Relations Valuable to India's National Interests?

Today, India stands at an important juncture in its historical development. Following its independence from Britain in 1948, the years that followed have been turbulent ones for India, with a relentless series of political, military and economic challenges confronting the country time and again. Despite these challenges, India has emerged in the 21st center as an increasingly important actor within the international community and has enjoyed steady economic growth for the past two decades. Notwithstanding its enormous geographic size and population, though, India continues to perceive a number of external threats, most especially with Pakistan over the Kashmir issue and relations with much of the Arab world that have often been ambivalent or even hostile. In…. [read more]

Indian Culture Term Paper

… ¶ … Cracking India" by Bapsi Sidhwa revolves around Indian society before and during the implementation of the Partition, wherein India as a country was divided into two: the Hindu- and Muslim-dominated areas. India became the Hindu- dominated territory while the Muslim-dominated area is now called Pakistan. Further divisions generated the nations Punjab and Bengal, which are predominantly Muslim nations.

This was the socio-political landscape in which Sidhwa's characters found themselves in "Cracking." Through the main characters Lenny and Ayah, we, the readers, were able to witness how the Partition was perceived and interpreted by people within the Indian society. Sidhwa's characters were evidently not able to grasp the gravity of the political condition their country was in. As India entered into the agreement called…. [read more]

Radical Art From India Contested Terrain Essay

… Indian Art

For centuries, philosophers have puzzled the human condition. Questions abound about why humans act the way they do, why they form groups, what role cultural and social norms have for learning, how societies form, the nature of society, social change, and the way integration and alienation fit in with modern societies. . In particular, the changes in urbanization and technology, and access to other cultures, spurred even more study of what it means to be human. Together, these paradigms form a notion of human history in which theories have tried to explain different aspects of human behavior and interaction. One way of looking at a particular issue on the human condition is through art. We ask ourselves, then, what is it we can…. [read more]

Cross-Cultural Counseling: South Asian Americans, Native Americans and Middle Eastern Term Paper

… There have been three major explanations advanced for these conditions:

1. Many South Asian-Americans have achieved significant financial success and community members are focused on maintaining cultural integrity and cohesion, as well as a positive image to the outside world which requires a certain amount of denial of "unpleasant" issues such as mental illness;

2. The existence of a "cultural proscription" that discourages South Asian-Americans from discussing intimate problems and emotional difficulties with anyone outside the family, because the family is viewed as the major and most appropriate support structure for individuals; and,

3. A lack of awareness and education about the complex dimensions of mental health problems that resulted in a stigmatization of psychopathology in the community and the view that seeking counseling is…. [read more]

Australia Ethnocentrism, Cultural Pluralism Essay

… Australia Ethno

Ethnocentrism, Cultural Pluralism and Australia's Struggle for Balance

The colonial expansion of European ideologies, cultures and economies during the 16th and 17th century would produce future generations of settlers positioned throughout the globe. Based on the inherent premise of colonialism imposing suggestions of cultural and racial superiority on the natives of those lands newly reached by Europe's self-proclaimed advanced civilizations, the predominantly Caucasian descendents would proceed to develop fundamentally ethnocentric nations. This would be true in contexts such as North America, Africa, the Caribbean and Australia, all of which would see the widespread and often devastating permeation of white, European exclusion and subjugation. Australia is the instance which most concerns this discussion, as a useful example of a nation which is today struggling…. [read more]

Jameson Defined Geography Components Global Essay

… Once this takes place, it means that any kind of possible stereotypes will have been addressed. This is the point that the operating environment will improve because these issues have been taken into account. (Lorimer, 2007, pp. 89 -- 100)

A third approach is to look at the way a particular society will view the roles of gender as a part of their traditions. In cultural geography, this means that some countries will require women to cover themselves up. The reason why is, not expose their bodies to the elements. This is a practice that has become a part of the culture in locations such as the Middle East. Understanding these traditions, will help firms to be able to adapt to those inside a particular…. [read more]

Globalisation Leading Cultural Damage Exploitation Essay

… Another area where cultural mix has been cited and is caused by globalization is the use of Chinese characters in tattoos by non-Chinese individuals.

Thou globalization has brought very many benefits to the World economy, but it is still blamed in many under developed countries for its negative impact on the cultures of its people. Hobson (2004), elaborate more on this point by saying that globalization has caused an irreparable damage to such cultures in the sense that such cultures are known for their strict adherence to cultural belief and practice, but on the onset of globalization their indigenous language are facing extinction due to large influence of language considered to be for global use such as English, French or Italian. People would prefer these…. [read more]

America and Diversity Impacts Essay

… It is one's reaction to the diversity. Pluralism takes place the groups residing in a small locality maintain their original and unique cultural identities and these groups are well-accepted by major dominant groups of the society.

Fostering a climate which can encourage celebration of cultural differences can play a major role in developing an environment of acceptance and tolerance for each other. Where Americans are required to tolerate these differences, this attitude may not act as a strong base. They need to understand the cultural richness other nations brought in and the benefits of them. Americans need to develop room for real commitments where enthusiasm is required to be shown for developing a civil society comprising of individuals from different cultures. Pluralism requires the nurturing…. [read more]

Mcdonald's New Challenges Essay

… McDonald's has to work assiduously to find the balance between standardization and customizing its services to accommodate to local preferences and customs. However, as markets continually change and consumer preferences evolve, it is believed that McDonald's will have to produce even higher levels of customization. It will be more difficult for McDonald's to continue to use the mass production model and it will undoubtedly have to localize much of its supply chain to provide healthier and higher quality menus.

There are two primary drivers of the need for greater customization and localization. The first driver arises out of new pressures exerted from industry changes and the development of the fast-casual market niche. These competitors offer high quality and healthier items in a setting that is…. [read more]

Modernism and Culture Studies Annotated Bibliography

… The subsequent articles expand how individual works are perceived in the context of modernist canon: Syndey Bufkin, in a bid to connect romantic traditions with a utopian novel, re-contextualizes Dark Princess by W.E.B. Du Buois – a work frequently deemed to be propagandist in nature. Lastly, Timothy C. Baker examines A Scots Quair by James Leslie Mitchell, historically regarded closely in Scot literary canon, revealing its applicability to modernist notions of romance and fiction.

Crary, Jonathan. Suspensions of Perception: Attention, Spectacle, and Modern Culture. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999. Print.

This work, which concentrates on the era between 1880 and 1905, explores the links between subjectivity’s modernization and the remarkable growth and development of auditory/visual culture. The crux of this work is contemporary…. [read more]

Foreign Policy of China (Beijing Thesis

… But just as China (Beijing consensus)'s economic and military power does not yet match that of the United States, China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power still has a long way to go as demonstrated by a Chicago Council on Global Affairs poll. China (Beijing consensus) does not have cultural industries like Hollywood, and its universities are not yet the equal of the United States. It lacks the many non-governmental organizations that generate much of U.S. soft power. Politically, China (Beijing consensus) suffers from corruption, inequality, and a lack of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. While that may make the "Beijing consensus" attractive in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian developing countries, it undercuts China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power in the West. Although China (Beijing consensus)'s new…. [read more]

Sales Promotion Techniques Used in the Clothing Retail Industry in India and Challenges Ahead Term Paper

… Sales Promotion Techniques Used in the Clothing Retail Industry in India and Challenges Ahead

The Nature of Competition

Buyer-Seller Relationships for Promotional Support in the Clothing Sector

Long-Term Impact of Loyalty Programs on Consumer Purchase Behaviour and Brand Loyalty

Impact of Loyalty Programs on Repeat Purchase Behaviour

Consumers' Perception Regarding Quality, Fashionability, Product Assortment,

Extent and Quality of Customer Service, Convenience of Location,

Payment Options, Featured National Brands and Store Layout

Push and Pull Techniques in Sales Promotion

Personalized vs. Generic Buying

Effectiveness of Different Types of Sales Promotion

Competitive Strategy

Industry Context

Rationale in Support of Selecting Six Exclusive and Multibrand Clothing


Chapter 3. Research Design and Methodology

Research Questions and Objectives

Research Approach and Strategy

Research Philosophy

Research Methodology

Exploratory Research

Descriptive…. [read more]

Managing Organizational Culture Dissertation

… ¶ … opportunity exists for the company to expand internationally by setting up operations in the emerging economies of China and India. The question to consider is how to build cultural harmony between the facilities operating in three different countries. The question of whether it would be better to establish a certain national organizational culture is likely would be considered in this report. cultures of the United Kingdom, India and China is presented. The organizational cultures prevalent in China and India are more collectivistic and marked by high power distance than the organizational cultures in the United Kingdom. There are other differences such as the importance of status in China and family tradition in India, whereas in the United Kingdom principles of utility and economic…. [read more]

Human Resources Managing Organisational Culture Dissertation

… d).

Understanding of organisational culture and cultural types also helps the understanding of why managerial reforms may impact differently within and between organisations. An organisation with a predominantly internal process culture, for example, may be more resistant to reforms aimed at promoting innovation. It is expected that staff in high uncertainty avoidance cultures to be more concerned with rule-following and more reluctant to risk changing jobs - both factors of some importance for those reformers who want to deregulate bureaucracies and encourage more rapid job change in the public service'. Businesses in both the private and public sectors have come to understand that organisational change frequently requires changing the organisation's culture and learning (O'Donnell & Boyle, 2008).

Whatever the purpose and performance results of culture…. [read more]

Education Intercultural Sensitivity Term Paper

… Intercultural Communication Within the Classroom: Personal Analysis and Focus on Middle/High School Experiences

The aim of this essay is to address the significance of intercultural sensitivity in secondary education, with particular emphasis on teaching mixed cultures. Having taught secondary education in a private school setting for more than 10 years, I have learned many things about teaching children in a multi-cultural setting, which this essay will address.

Intercultural communication and associated intercultural sensitivity, whether taught in a middle or high school may be defined as the ability to communicate with individuals of varying backgrounds, ethnicities, beliefs, morals and cultures in a manner that is meaningful and encourages knowledge sharing (Neulipe, 2003).

I have noticed that within the United States in the last decade more and…. [read more]

Classroom Diversity in Adult Arts Education: Challenges and Opportunities Literature Review

… Teachers should also be aware that some cultures punish members who challenge authority, but to punish these students for not challenging assumptions or points-of-view would be unfair. These suggestions reveal treating everyone with respect and fairness is insufficient, if the goal is an equal chance at academic success for all students regardless of their racial and ethnic background (Brookfield & Presskill, 1999, p. 127). Race and ethnicity are important considerations, yet each student expects their individual identities to be respected as well.

Strategies for Unlocking the Power of Diversity

Brookfield (1995) recommends that teachers engage in a life-long process of self-reflection in order to identify any biases or stereotypes that would have a negative effect on teacher-student interactions. Teachers can likewise help students learn how…. [read more]

Asian Studies as Far as the Distribution Term Paper

… Asian Studies

As far as the distribution of power throughout the world is concerned, the position of supremacy of the United States of America has always supported the opposition between the East and the West. Power has various dimensions. Among them we can mention the economical, financial aspect, the political one, as well as the cultural side. The political power is supported by the other types which have already been mentioned. Military power is supported by a state's economy and at its turn supports the political power.

There has been a long lasting opposition between the distribution of power in the East and the West. The manner in which the states from these parts of the world have used the resources which have available for…. [read more]

Business Strategies Found in Asia Term Paper

… When functioning on the international scale, it is easy to forget that multiple stimuli can obscure perception and other overall message. This creates miscommunication and problems.

An effective leader will take a chance at being uncomfortable to promote dialogue amongst people of different cultures. Leaders have the ability to influence, inspire and relate stories to their employees. This in turn creates an environment of trust and pride. Upon studying cultural relations, only then does one see the universal themes. The connection begins at a fundamental level of human sociology where the use of story is central. Howard Gardner reflects, "the ultimate impact of the leader depends most significantly on the particular story that he or she relates or embodies, and the receptions to that story…. [read more]

Asiatic Religions Discuss Changes Term Paper

… This allows them to fulfill this function of devotional need while still remaining ostensibly within the Buddhist tradition. The proliferation of such folk forms of Buddhism within Thai Buddhism acts as a way to satisfy the need for a religion that is relevant to everyday life, while the cohesive structure of the state religion honors the need for more formal types of devotion

But according to scholars, much like Japanese Buddhism, "over the past few decades" Thai Buddhism "has been weakened and threatened by both internal and external constraints. Its commercialization and the rise of magic and supernatural cults have had a stunning impact on public faith in the Sangha, directly or indirectly challenging the latter's authority (openly in the case of new sects like…. [read more]

Development of Intercultural Issues of the Hyundai Motor Company Thesis

… Intercultural Issues at Hyundai

Inter-Cultural Issues at Hyundai

Hyundai faces issues with intercultural concerns for two major reasons. First, they operate a carmaker that operates on a global scale and second because they actually have many of their cars manufactured in countries other than their country of origin including the United States. Indeed, Hyundai operates both Hyundai itself and Kia within the United States. This can be a challenge on a number of levels. Issues like nationalism, inter-cultural interactions, inter-cultural turf wars, prior wars between the home country of the company with that of one or more countries they operate in and other related concerns can all be issues for companies like Hyundai that originate from one country or part of the world and operate…. [read more]

Ethical Practice Involves Working Positively Essay

… The second perspective focuses on the links between international divisions based on learning and information transfer (Handout 1). In addition, such founding principles of the practice of counseling encompass key elements of what it takes practitioners to achieve their professional goals. Practitioners who do not create connections with clients fails to create learning that can only be derived through interaction with different clients. High diversity levels are driven by the benefits of tapping communicative, cultural, and creative skills of different clients. Practitioners engage such skills to enhance their counseling policies, client experiences, and services. Diversity practitioners have cited the benefits of having an open discussion with clients because this profession requires that clients must come out of their areas of comfort and have an experience…. [read more]

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