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Population of California Underwent Dramatic Term Paper

… Most of those affected were Latinos, but included African-Americans and other minorities who faced discrimination in schools and high-quality jobs (Socialism Today). School registration for Latinos dropped at more than 60%. The deemed motive behind was to assert white vote supremacy in order to slow down or eliminate Latino empowerment through the electoral and educational systems. They are not only the fastest-growing immigrants in California: statisticians also say that it would take six to eight years for any demographic change to catch up politically (Socialism Today).

Millions of Latinos have been unable to vote. The INS is swarmed with 1.5 million applications for citizenship and the legal time to obtain citizenship in California has been extended to two years from only seven months. Moreover, a…. [read more]


Business Law Essay

… Novel Legal Issues have been materializing

The environment of a working place is changing due to the advances in technology and adaptation of different economic and social ways. All of these have an effect on the law that foresees no one is treated unfairly due to age. The cost of health insurance is ever rising and this has led the employers to hold back on covering the health cost of their workers. This is raising questions on the link of ADEA and the policies regarding health care (Sargeant, 2006).

Today, employers that are experiencing diversified workplace along with the legal trends are trying to move towards the future with the help of certain policies, procedures and laws. All these measures are planned keeping in view…. [read more]


California Labor Laws the State Term Paper

… The wheels of justice are badly out of alignment when it comes to California employment law," said John H. Sullivan, president of the Civil Justice Association of California, which initiated the study (1996). "The outcome is that everyone is treated unfairly -- businesses go out of their way to avoid hiring people for good positions with benefits, and they turn to using temporary help. By rewarding frivolous job lawsuits, our civil justice system discourages employers from expanding their operations and creating more employment for everyone." study conducted by the California Employment Law Council revealed that California's strict labor laws have had a negative effect on the state's business climate. The study revealed that labor laws have resulted in the following (Sullivan, 1996):

53% of firms…. [read more]


European Union - Business Term Paper

… 3. The role of European Central Banks in maintaining stability in the money supply

The European Central Banks are today most important factors in maintaining financial stability in the market, and when one conducts business with Europe, it is the European Central Bank that would play a major role in paving the way to profits. The economic and the monetary union were in fact planned when the Maastricht Treaty was signed in the year 1999, and it is often stated that this is stronger than the Union's political powers. The political structure in Europe is in fact extremely weak and underdeveloped, and it is also imperfectly planned. The results of such weakness are manifold, and some of them are: there is a fixed rule for…. [read more]


Managing Employment Relationships Essay

… 30), "Contractual claims are dealt with in the High Court or County Court. Statutory claims are dealt with in the Employment Tribunal." Created in 1964, the Employment Tribunal is the primary venue for the resolution of employment disputes in the UK today (Gregory & Cavanagh 2007). In this regard, Gregory and Cavanagh (2007, p. 30) advise that the Tribunal "is a centralized, bureaucratized instrument which gives the government oversight of most of the employment regime, whether or not unionized and whether or not public or private sector." The Tribunal serves as a clearinghouse of sorts, and resolves a wide range of claims including unfair dismissals, redundancy, workplace bullying and discrimination (Gregory & Cavanah 2007). The membership of the Tribunal is consists of a chairman (a…. [read more]


History of Discrimination From Legislation Essay

… The first is instrumental theory whereby it is believed that if one does one thing it will lead to another and states that people work for money. Content theory of motivation revolves around the fact that employees have an influence on their motivation. The idea behind this theory is that any need that is not met motivates people to satisfy them. The process theory puts emphasis on the fact that psychological processes have an effect on motivation hence when the employee approach is in agreement with the organizational goal, then he will be psychologically settled and hence motivated. Goal theory states that motivation and performance are normally higher when individuals have goals set, when they are difficult but accepted and when there is performance or…. [read more]


Evolution of Labor Unions Essay

… Evolution of Labor Unions

SOLIDARITY THROUGH THE YEARS

Definition, History and Evolution

Growth and Decline

Organization

Membership Policies

Labor Legislation

Vision and Direction

A New Global Federation

A labor union refers to a group of workers who share common goals in terms of wages, hours and work conditions (Boone and Kurtz, 2005 as qtd in Maxwell, 1999). In the beginning, labor unions in the United States consisted only of male, blue-collar workers. But as the economy evolved, white-collar and female workers were admitted as members (Maxwell).

History and Evolution

Workers in the 1700s and 1800s recognized the need to band together in response to inhuman working conditions, low wages and long work hours (Encyclopedia of Small Business, 2002; Maxwell, 1999). Labor unions flourished during the…. [read more]


Human Resource in Aviation Term Paper

… Market deregulation promotes fair market prices since institutions governing Airline operations share out of some powers. Unions promote proper management practices within the industry. Managers have a clear understanding of the needs of employees. Understanding of employees reduces firm losses since managers can meet profits and at the same time meet the needs of employees.

Unions are a cause to unemployment, the constant activities of unions increases the wages of employees in the industry. Increase in wages affects the company negatively by increasing the cost of production leading to few job opportunities. Actions of unions reduce efficiency of the industry; the high costs of production make industry players inefficient and slow to changes. Union activities relate to corruption; representative of the union bribed to sway…. [read more]


Labor Relations Project Outline Term Paper

… Lqbor Relations Project

Labor Relations Project

In the United States, Canada and other advanced countries, labor unions are legal workers' representatives and the union activities largely centered on the collective bargaining over wages and improvement of working conditions of union members. Unions remain important actors in the United States, and unions fight for the issues such as wages, trade policy and improvement of healthcare for membership. Labor unions also assist in minimizing the income disparities; guarantee a secured income, as well as improving standard of living of industrial society.

"Unions also aimed at correcting imbalances in income distribution through maintaining "solidarity wages" that minimized differentials between workers. Unions also they adopted an inclusive approach to workers outside the union, and provided a variety of services…. [read more]


Unionism in the United States Term Paper

… Since the early years of formation, the influence of unions has declined, and corruption and racketeering have become issues unions have to contend with. Labor racketeers became more and more common in union organizations, with many establishing unions via paper in order to extort money. Of course legislation was passed including the Landrum Griffin Act to defeat corruption, which opened the door for government interference in union affairs. Among the legal initiatives passed including rules as to how union officers may be elected and removed and how funds should be handled (Freeman, 1945:39).

Unions in Modern Society

The influence of and need for unions in modern society is rapidly declining. There are those that would argue that unions are an archaic practice with no place…. [read more]


Labor and Union Studies Critically Term Paper

… Participation of both representative sides to the dispute in the "rule" formation process. Social partnership is the vied held by those who validate collective bargaining as being superior in resolution of disputes. The added benefits of collective bargaining is said to be "generation of trust" through "successful and bona fide dealings."

IV. Dialogue as the Key Negotiation Tool:

William Brock, U.S. Secretary of Labor during the period of 1985 to 1987 stated that:

'The only way American business is going to be competitive is by having a more skilled workforce and changing the way they organize work to take advantage of those skills and to make workers more productive."

In the instance related in the work entitled "Work/Family Reconciliation: What Trade Unions are Doing" the…. [read more]


OSHA and Unions Versus Manufacturers Is Workplace Ergonomics a Problem Term Paper

… Workplace Safety

Do you agree or disagree that ergonomics in the workplace should be covered by federal regulations?

Employers are responsible for maintaining a safe, if not enjoyable, working environment for their employees. Not only are they liable for sudden injuries caused on the job, but employers are also obligated to protect their employees from musculoskeletal disorders that develop over time. There is no reason why OSHA's proposal should be controversial. The only thing preventing business and industry from wholeheartedly embracing the OSHA-sponsored regulations is short-sightedness. Keeping profitability in mind, corporations would better off supporting workplace safety even though it seems more costly in the short-term. Absenteeism, health care costs, and high employee turnover rates are costly consequences of workplace injuries including MSDs. Firms do…. [read more]


21st Century the Contract of Employment Remains Assessment

… ¶ … 21st century the contract of employment remains fundamentally a means of legitimising an uneven power relationship between master and servant. Critically evaluate this statement.

From the time that Australia first became a penal colony of Great Britain in 1788, the country has experienced heated labor tensions. Part of the reason for this, is because the nation would mirror the same challenges that were often being seen, during the industrial revolution in places such as: the United States and Europe. Where, the overall nature of labor relations would be heated, when Australia first became a commonwealth in 1901. As the various unions and business owners would often engage in emotional labor disputes resulting in violence. This would be the state of labor retaliations until…. [read more]


Collective Bargaining and Arbitration Research Paper

… Impact on Business
The overall impact on business is complex: on the one side, arbitration is necessary because there is no other recourse to dispute settlement; on the other side, arbitrators may not have the competence level to deliver a fair or just decision based on the arguments presented. Businesses may, therefore, benefit from arbitration'but arbitration can also be costly and constant arbitration can be a drain on a business's resources. For that reason, it makes sense that businesses should strive to avoid arbitration, though not at the expense of their own well-being.
Ethical and Biblical Principles Applicable to the Area
The ethical and Biblical principles that apply to the topic of grievances and arbitration are rooted in two ideas: 1) justice, which stems from…. [read more]


Freedom of Association in Malaysia Essay

… Even in the Middle Eastern countries the past traditions of the dominant party control over the local labor movements is still present in countries such as Egypt, the trade and labor unions have to be related to an umbrella federation which basically functions as a ruling party and thus it has a control of the union elections (The International Bureau of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, 2003). In some countries, laws have been made by the government which makes it impossible for the unions to accept the foreign assistance.

The absence of genuine unions is also said to be a cause of many job-site death accidents such as, in China where a completely state controlled and toothless union is present, there are thousands of workers…. [read more]


Managing Diversity Matters a Study Essay

… e. Airline Pilots, Engineers and Apprentices, at QANTAS. One can easily witness the neutral vision of QANTAS Management towards its female workforce as out 284 winners of eExcel recognition programme, 40% of whom were female (QANTAS, 2009, p. 7). The statistics related to extended leaves showed a much higher number of 1213 taken by female staff as compared 167 leaves taken by male staff. (QANTAS, 2010, p.5). Also, initiatives include Life Assist, Health Assist, Trauma Assist, Manager Assist, Money Assist and Family Assist, can show QANTAS commitment to ensuring that its female staff enjoys work life balance. This situation is similar to the situation in Pocock (2005), where greater flexibility of work was offered

Where these reports were presented by QANTAS advocating itself, therefore one…. [read more]


Labor and Collective Bargaining Term Paper

… Labor and Collective Bargaining

Federal Government Resistance to Collective Bargaining - Supporters of the Public Safety Employer-Employee Cooperation Act or HR 980 assumed that this legislation would enhance and increase cooperation between the government and its workers (Sherk 2007). Most of these employees belonged to unions and experience already demonstrated that collective bargaining would, in fact, not enhance cooperation. Rather, it would create greater and undue burden on the States. These public employees included policemen, firefighters and emergency medical personnel. Collective bargaining has viewed as intrinsically adversarial. Putting employees and the employer before the bargaining table may be aimed at cooperation. But it would create as much conflict as the cooperation it was aimed at effecting. If the outcome was not favorable to either side…. [read more]


Foreign Policy of China (Beijing Thesis

… But just as China (Beijing consensus)'s economic and military power does not yet match that of the United States, China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power still has a long way to go as demonstrated by a Chicago Council on Global Affairs poll. China (Beijing consensus) does not have cultural industries like Hollywood, and its universities are not yet the equal of the United States. It lacks the many non-governmental organizations that generate much of U.S. soft power. Politically, China (Beijing consensus) suffers from corruption, inequality, and a lack of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law. While that may make the "Beijing consensus" attractive in authoritarian and semi-authoritarian developing countries, it undercuts China (Beijing consensus)'s soft power in the West. Although China (Beijing consensus)'s new…. [read more]


Employment Relations Essay

… Employment Relations

ASSESS THE IMPACT THAT CHANGES IN THE LABOR MARKET ARE HAVING ON EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES

The origins of the labor movement lay in the formative years of the American nation, when a free wage-labor market emerged in the artisan trades late in the colonial period. The earliest recorded strike occurred in 1768 when New York journeymen tailors protested a wage reduction. The formation of the Federal Society of Journeymen (shoemakers) in Philadelphia in 1794 marks the beginning of sustained trade union organization among American workers. From that time on, local craft unions proliferated in the cities, publishing lists of "prices" for their work, defending their trades against diluted and cheap labor, and, increasingly, demanding a shorter workday. Thus a job-conscious…. [read more]


Foreign Investment in Saudi Arabia Term Paper

… ¶ … percent of the world's proven oil and gas reserves, the Saudi Arabian government has embarked on an aggressive initiative to diversify the country's economy and provide new employment opportunities for young Saudi nationals entering the job market. As part of this initiative, Saudi Arabia has implemented a number of pro-business foreign direct investment laws that are helping achieve this diversification. The purpose of this study was (a) to determine how the government of Saudi Arabia currently regulates foreign investment; (b) to identify the controlling laws that govern this type of investment; and, if so, what are the requirements; and (c) to analyze Saudi foreign direct investment laws through a series of case studies to gain new insights into how the regulatory framework actually…. [read more]


Illegal Immigrants in the U.S Term Paper

… ¶ … illegal immigrants in the U.S. And the possibility of legalizing their status. The article shows: how illegal immigration is currently being dealt with, the views of people on the issue and the flexibility being exhibited by the government. The author makes it clear that while illegal immigration has always been a problem for the country and most people feel country must be protected against such immigration, still illegal entrance into the U.S. should not be criminalized. Very few, if any, percentage of people interviewed supported felony status, the rest felt that while it was not correct to let illegal immigration prosper, there was also no particular need for categorized it as a crime or serious offence.

Illegal immigration is a problem, which the…. [read more]


Copyright and Public Interest in Archives Term Paper

… ¶ … Copyright and Public Interest in Archives in the U.S.A., UK, and China

What, exactly, is a Copyright? Why is it important? A Copyright in general terms means the set of laws and rules that are set up be a government with the primary purpose of affording protection to the authors or the writers of 'original works' of their own, that they have created. These works may be related to the field of drama or to literature or to art or to music, or to anything else where the original creator and his creation need to be protected by the authorities. The author may have published his works or he may have as yet been in the possession of unpublished works; this dose not…. [read more]


Age Discrimination the Type Term Paper

… Age Discrimination

The type of discrimination is new. In fact age was regarded as a type of virtue because the aged employee often was the expert who could do things better than others. The global scenario, changes in production technology and the cost cutting needs of companies to manage keeping low costs to be competitive ushered in the discrimination against aged employees. Employees today are a heterogeneous group comprising of people from many age groups and ethnicities. There are different types of discrimination that is practiced at the workplace. Examining some of them and their causes will clarify the issues regarding age-based discrimination. There are many forms of discrimination that could be because of disability. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 had to be…. [read more]


american labor movement decline history Research Paper

… 1). The decline of labor in America also coincided with global trends witnessing reduced support for labor unions. Reasons like poor leadership, corruption, and a stronger corporate sector were all to blame but in the United States, the decline of unions was far more severe and rapid than it was in other nations (Godard, 2009). By 1978, the National Labor Relations Act was 'all but dead,' due to 'an all-out and unrelenting battle against it by the entire corporate community from the day it was passed,' (Domhoff, n.d., p. 1). The proposed Labor Reform Act of 1978, a bill that 'would have modernized and empowered unions through more effective recognition procedures accompanied by enhanced power in negotiations,' died via filibuster (Hogler, 2016). In 1980, only…. [read more]


Territorial Expansion Essay

… He was against the concept of centralized government and had not penned the Constitution. Despite the fact that he had written the Declaration of Independence, Thomas had not authored the Constitution. He was renowned for supporting state wise rights and had not agreed with Alexander Hamilton over the creation of the National Bank either. His perspective was that if a power of authority was not part of the Constitution, then, the state had the right to decide upon the matter. Jefferson had to sacrifice his ideals for the greater good in the procurement of the Louisiana land. If he had waited to legally amend the Constitution, then there was a possibility that the French would take back their offer. (Kelly, 2011)

Another concern was that…. [read more]


Workplace Violence (Bullying) Essay

… (c). Personality clashes

There is a significant relevance and relationship between difference in personalities and the vice of bullying. The personality clash comes into play when an individual differs with another not because the other person is wrong but because of the emotional perceptions they hold about the other person.

A good instance is when a manager can constantly pick on an individual for being late for just 5 minutes and not on others since he has a perception that the individual is lazy, this is tantamount to bullying (Leadership and Motivation Training, 2010).

(d). Excessive workload

In many situations the workload that is given to the staff members and the set targets and expectations of delivery are unrealistic and hard to achieve. This overload…. [read more]


Pay Equity as American Business Term Paper

… gov.on.ca/lab/pec/index_pec.html (Pay Equity Commission)

The right of the workers to be liberated from inequality in their wages is safeguarded under several federal laws incorporating: the Equal Pay Act of 1963, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 and Title 1 of the American Disabilities Act of 1990 that has been enforced by the U.S. Equal employment Opportunity Commission -- EEOC. To assist employees and employers become aware of their liberties and liabilities under such laws in respect of wage inequalities, the Commission has generated a fact sheet about wage discrimination. A more complete debate of compensation discrimination is available in two sections of the new compliance Manual of the Commission which are The Compliance Manual Section…. [read more]


Political Science Touch of Class Term Paper

… The rich would grow richer, while the poor, and the not-so-rich would alike grow poorer.

Thus, the proposals for the Tax Reform Act of 1986 divided Americans according to class lines. Their particular allegiance varied accorded to where they lived, in what business they were employed (or not employed), what they believed to be the purpose of government, what they hoped to obtain from government, and even their historical affiliations. A clever alliance of military-industrial-oil interests with a mass support based in the also very "Christian" home of the New Economy - the South and West - provided the impetus for the sweeping changes in American tax law. By and large, the opposing interests were cast as throwbacks to an earlier time. A call to…. [read more]


Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.

CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE SURVEY -- ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANY AND THE INTERVIEWS

Understanding the main…. [read more]

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