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Industrial and Organizational Psychology Individual Essay

… All tests must be administered fairly regardless of whether they are used to hire new employees or promote existing ones. Not only should the test be conducted by a trained individual but should also provide equal opportunity to all candidates to demonstrate their suitability for the advertised position.

Conclusion:

Empirical evidence suggests that well-developed personality and integrity tests are effective, objective, and fair in helping employers screen job applicants with a focus on security risks. Employers have the chance, if using the correct tools, to match their company with the right candidate for an open position. In addition the information from psychological tests is more scientifically consistent than the information from a clinical interview

Despite the benefits of using personality or integrity tests employers need…. [read more]


Industrial and Organizational Psychology Shares Essay

… All of these are core competencies of an applied organizational industrial psychologist. However, the industrial organizational psychologist is not necessarily an applied position in the same way human resources managers are working with staff and administering the assessments that are drafted by psychologists.

Human resources professionals require some skills and competencies that may be outside the province of some organizational and industrial psychology fields. For instance, human resources managers rely on strong emotional intelligence and communications skills, cultural competence and cultural literacy, and a working knowledge of the specific organization. The industrial-organizational psychologist may serve in a research role, and remains concerned with broader patterns and theories rather than specific applications.

Regardless, I find that the field of human resources is interesting because of its…. [read more]


Organizational Psychology Productive and Counterproductive Essay

… It involved observing and recording systematically the employees' behaviors. Archival data is another popular method of studying behavior. In organizational psychology archival data is most prevalent when comparison is made to other observational methods. This is mainly because there is an absolute abundance of sources that are available to researcher from archival data.

In applied social research, the method known to be most important is survey research. It has a broad area that includes the basic questionnaires, asking direct questions to respondents, determining respondent's behaviors, attitudes, and personalities. Surveys are mainly used when gathering a wide variety of information and they use interviews or questionnaires.

Use of organizational psychology in organizations

Using the various research methods available, an organization can use organizational psychology to establish…. [read more]


Industrial / Organizational Psychology: Human Interaction and Motivation Essay

… Organizational Use of Industrial/Organizational Psychology

There is much application of I/Q psychology within organizational and industrial setting, as well as universities that do employ (to be as writers, teachers, administrators, consultants, mentors) approximately 40% of I/Q psychologists in a research capacity. When using I/Q psychology, the same roles can be filled by the psychologists as researchers, though they may as well be involved in job analysis, find a solution to the problems of the organization, get opinion of the employees through discussion or survey, come up with employee related system as well as training programs, and develop psychological tests that can be applied to the work environment.

Moreover, in I/Q psychologists practice, there is evaluation of whichever aspect of work environment or its systems together…. [read more]


Industrial and Organizational Psychology According to Edgar Term Paper

… Industrial and Organizational Psychology

According to Edgar Schein, three sets of factors effect the integration of organizational goals and personal needs in groups: environmental factors, membership factors and dynamic factors. What Mr. Schein means by the integration of organizational goals and personal needs in groups is that within every organizational group there are two competing forces: that of the organizations needs and that of each individual's personal needs. In order for the organization to meet their needs, it must take into account the individual members' needs. Likewise, in order for the individual members to get their needs met, they must take into account the organization's needs. Thus, an integration of needs occurs in order to compromise and let "everybody win."

This process of integration is…. [read more]


Organizational Personality Citizen's Hospital Essay

… The organization is in serious need of psychological and physical design change to enhance productivity and worker emotions. In the hiring process, the human resource management should consider aspect of mental and physical abilities of applicants. Personality, interpersonal skills, and emotional intelligence should also be considered to determine good fits between employees and the organization.

Where there will always be issues with satisfaction, performance, rewards, and motivation, the psychological aspect should consider how to best meet patient needs with a uniform team approach with safety for all in mind. Where the organization has high expectations on patient safety, employee safety should also contain high expectations. The safety first should consider all stakeholders, including employees and visitors, not just patients.

The organization should design a commitment…. [read more]


Organization Behavior Competitive Advantage Essay

… b. Control Costs in the Long Run:

Although organizations have to expend a significant amount of budget on the training and skills development of their existing and newly recruited staff, these expenditures can eventually control the heavy costs which they have to incur in the long run. That is, if organizations continue to provide training to their employees on periodical basis, these employees are basically trained to fill the higher management positions in the future. In this way, organizations can save the money which is expended on the training of new employees at the Top Management positions by promoting their existing employees to those positions. The huge expenditures which organizations incur on the training of their higher level officials put heavy financial burden on their…. [read more]


Industrial / Organizational Psychology, or I Essay

… Learning how to properly manage a group of individuals to make them feel more comfortable and happier with their jobs, in the end will produce much wanted higher results for organizations using the branch of Industrial/Organizational psychology.

On the other side of this branch of psychology are the logistics of things. While the organizational portion of I-O psychology focuses on the qualitative portion of businesses, the industrial side focuses on the quantitative measures that need to be taken to improve any sort of performance (Aamond 2009). The role of research and statistics have the most meaning in this portion of the branch, as it is because of these two things that improvement can be absolutely measured. Research that has been done on how certain individuals…. [read more]


Organizational Psychology Project Term Paper

… ¶ … Industrial or organizational psychology [...] issue of leadership and issues of power in a dysfunctional organization. Leadership is one of the most important aspects of any organization, and it can be a source of stress, dissatisfaction, and job dissatisfaction, as well. How organizations choose and motivate leaders can be empowering or threatening to the organization, and using organizational psychology techniques to hire, qualify, and create leaders can be one of the most important aspects of organizational psychology put to good use in an organization.

The issues of leadership and power affect just about every aspect of any organization, and certainly affect the day-to-day job satisfaction and production of the staff of that organization. In the past, I have worked for an organization that…. [read more]


Organizational Psychology Businesses and Organizations Essay

… In 1973, Organizational was added, creating the Division of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP History, 2012). The purposes of the field of industrial and organizational psychology have remained relatively the same, and the field continues to grow and evolve at the present.

Organizational psychology is closely related to two fields: social psychology and organizational behavior. Organizational psychology combines research and practice methods from social psychology and organizational behavior, as it focuses on both the emotional and motivational side of work (Landy, & Conte, 2009). Similar to organizational psychology, social psychology studies how an individual's behaviors, feelings, and thoughts are influenced and affected by the presence of others. Organizational psychology focuses these concerns into the workplace setting, and also addresses such areas as attitudes, fairness, motivation,…. [read more]


Organizational Psychology an Interesting Subfield Term Paper

… Organizational has now become a scientific discipline in its own right and is recognized as an invaluable tool within organizations.

Factors giving more credence to the discipline of Organizational Psychology in the 1980's and the 1990's were multiple (Christine, 2011). The 'economy was becoming increasingly globalized' (Christine, 2011). The 'demographics within the workforce were changing' (Christine, 2011). Temporary employees and contract employees were being utilized more frequently (Christine, 2011). Essentially, because of increasing awareness of the workforce and management the term "job" took on a new conception (Christine, 2011).

While Organizational Psychology was developing, so were other related disciplines such as Organizational Behavior and Social Psychology (Koppes and Pickren, No Date). Organizational Behavior is concerned with a number of factors, but what differentiates it from…. [read more]


Industrial and Organizational Psychology Research Proposal

… Industrial/Organizational Psychology

Current trends in industrial/organizational psychology center on the evolution of companies from being profit-oriented to becoming socially responsible and ethical business organizations. Inherent in this evolution is the need to develop a more ethical work practices within the company and a more socially responsible approach to marketing strategies towards the consumers. The following discussion highlights findings from three (3) articles focusing on the themes of social responsibility and ethical work behavior in business organizations. To make these themes more relevant, each article's main thesis and argument will be applied in the context of the multinational company (MNC), Procter & Gamble (P&G).

Pastorizo et. al.'s (2009) study centered on the role that ethical work behavior plays in 'generating' social capital for business firms and…. [read more]


Organization Behavior Contemporary Issues Essay

… Similarly, the second approach, "Participation and Involvement" discusses the importance of employees' role in the organizational development and innovation process. By following this approach, organizations can not only bring the required change effectively, but can also improve the level of motivation and commitment of their employees. Further, the managers can improve the skills and capabilities of their subordinates through facilitation and support in the change management process. These new skills can also help them in the long run in their day-to-day tasks. The fifth change approach, "Negotiation and Agreement" is also effective when organizations give equal importance to their change strategy as well as to their industrial relations.

Weaknesses:

Converse to these strengths of the model, there are certain weaknesses which resist organizations to follow…. [read more]


Organization Behavior Strategic Management Essay

… However, there is no system by which lower level employees can communicate their issues and problems to the Top Level Management or the Board of Directors (Purcell & Ahlstrand 1994). There should be some communication channel through which positive or negative feedback of lower level workers can be communicated to the Management (Robbins & Coulter 2006). This is a very effective strategy to improve the professional development programs and achieve the operational excellence in the business activities (Guest 1987).

CONCLUSION

Adobe has implemented strong HR policies and practices to manage and develop its human resource. In order to get the best work done through its employees, Adobe has set certain strategic HR objectives. These objectives constitute its aims to recruit and train the best talent…. [read more]


Organization What Is an Organizational Essay

… An organization that is designed from a scientific management perspective thus has many levels and many ways to distinguish among those levels.

The term ideal bureaucracy may strike some as an oxymoron because the term bureaucracy is often used as a codeword for organizational inefficiency and administrative inflexibility. In reality ideal bureaucracy simply represents one idea or theory of how human activity should be organized. Most attribute the development of ideal bureaucracy to Max Weber, who is generally credited with being one of the pioneers of the macro side of organizational psychology. Weber, as you may recall, wore many intellectual hats and made contributions to history, economics, political science, and sociology during his lifetime. In Weber's time, there were few organizations in the form that…. [read more]


Organization Behavior "Performance Management Essay

… In order to fill the gap between training and development needs and the organizational requirements, the Management must institute an effective people performance management system for all categories of its workforce (Boselie, Dietz, & Boon 2005).

Goal Setting:

Managers are assigned different short-term and long-term targets which they have to achieve through their subordinates within specified deadlines and allocated resources. In order to accomplish these targets in an effective and efficient fashion, the managers need to get the work done through their subordinates in a well-organized fashion. The Performance Management model by Michael Armstrong gives a special focus on goal setting for the achievement of organizational objectives in a cost-efficient way. Armstrong believes that managers can divide their big targets into small targets and assign…. [read more]


Organizational Issues From the Responsibility Essay

… How might these issues be relevant to organizational and personal decisions? In the video with Ganju her daughter said she wanted to be a teacher after another little girl at a school said the same thing. How can children possibly be expected to make good decisions about their futures -- or about the fragile planet they live on -- if they can't read with proficiency? This is one of the main points of the Ganju video. Organizations need to be established to help education children throughout the whole world. In order for children to make good decisions they must be able to read and write. "Education brings hope," Ganju explains, which is the main thrust of Room to Read. A "better world" will emerge when…. [read more]


Organization Management the Walt Disney Essay

… Putting the future at hand and analyzing the outcomes and expectations, to mitigate the organization from tremendous losses and tarnished image (Barry, 2009).

Employees and customers are the major strengths of the organization, as the customers are the consumers of products and services, and employees are obliged to ensure customer satisfaction through efficient and quality service providing. The management therefore is not supposed to assume the potential of employees in growing the business, or killing it completely. Where there is a dire need for replacement of workers, due to inefficiency during work, then it is fair to demote and get better-qualified personnel to work towards the organizations goals.

Planning, leading, organizing and controlling (PLOC)

The mentioned elements are all related to the strategic management of…. [read more]


Organization / Industrial Strategy Paradigm Term Paper

… ¶ … Industrial/Organization Paradigm of Strategy promotes the idea that "a firm's performance in the marketplace depends critically on the characteristics of the industry environment in which it competes"(Michael Porter, 1983,-Page 610).

Basically, following this model, the constraints for the decision making process are not internal, as in the resource-based view model, but external. The external variables from the macroeconomic environment determine internal decisions reflecting themselves in the company's strategy and its performance. As such, the I/O Paradigm follow a three-steps approach: industry structure -> company strategy -> performance (Michael Porter, 1983,-Page 611). As we can see, the industry structure is essential in the decision making process, as one of its important determinants.

In terms of industry structure, the initial creators of this model referred…. [read more]


Branch of Organizational Design Essay

… The recent research shows that Likert's ideas are holding up and remain relevant in the study of OD today.

2c.

Likert basically described a series of management typologies, and it is important to understand these because different managers have different styles. In some companies, specific styles are favored over others. The reason for this is that some styles are better than others for achieving specific objectives. For example, a company that fosters innovation in work teams is likely to work better with a more participative management style than an authoritarian style. Conversely, there are many companies with highly-routinized processes that actually work better with one of the authoritarian management styles.

Likert's importance to organizational design is because of the work that was based on his…. [read more]


Organizational Psychology Definition of Organizational Psychology Industrial Essay

… Organizational Psychology

Definition of Organizational Psychology

Industrial and Organizational Psychology, also sometimes referred as industrial-organizational psychology, or I-O psychology, is defined as "the scientific study of the relationship between man and the world of work.... In the process of making a living" (Guion, 1965, p. 817). Another more pertinent definition is, "…the application or extension of psychological facts and principles to the problems concerning human beings operating within the context of business and industry" (Blum and Naylor, 1968, p 4).

Taking both these definitions into account, we can say that in essence organizational psychology is the utilization of scientifically verified psychological principles and research methods in order to understand behavior in various organizations. An important aspect of this discipline is that it is the application…. [read more]


Organizational Development Fortsworth Company Case Study

… With the quick success of the iPod, Apple's response was fast in penetrating the same market. The iPod replaced the iPhone. This has been outstanding for the company's performance. Because of Fortsworth' high level of flexibility, it does not hesitate to try out new things. This enables the company to create the best products in the market. Therefore, Fortsworth Company stands out in terms of operations. First, the company does not just introduce products unless the products prove to be extremely good. Secondly, when the company is competing with rival products, they pursue a different line for competition. Such openness to ideas prompts the company to try the scariest things.

Organizational structure

It is obvious that the company's CEO, Chris Lee is the top dog.…. [read more]


Organizational Change and the Consequences of Ambiguity Essay

… Organizational Change and the Consequences of Ambiguity

Organizational change can carry a wide range of implications for the personnel both at the leadership and membership level. As a firm endures a transition toward the adoption of new technologies, the assumption of new procedural terms or even the alignment with new ownership, it is important to help redefine roles, expectations and cultural characteristics in order to achieve consistency. A failure to do so can produce the types of ambiguities in job functions, in employee expectations, in ways of advancing with the company and even in ways of behaving within the company's offices that can lead to reduced efficiency, diminished competency and eroding company-wide morale. Therefore, it is incumbent upon the leadership core to pursue a high…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Essay

… e. suppliers, distributors and potential investors) in order to operate efficiently and profitably. While the executive body is almost always responsible for analyzing relevant market and internal productive data in order to create strategic initiatives for achieving success, this process will prove to be futile if this group cannot effectively communicate the final products and goals of such analyses to their subordinates. The same concept applies to suppliers and potentially useful sources of investment. Ultimately, effective communication is the engine driving every organization's corporate car towards success.

Organizational Culture at Apple

A perfect template for examining a highly functional organizational culture and subsequently progressive organization behavior can be found in the corporate analysis of the Apple Corporation. This company was "treading water" until their progressive…. [read more]


Industrial Relations Employment Relationship Essay

… The traditional industrial relations practices have been altered with the rise in the global trade expansion. The industrial relations now are depending upon the market conditions and situations as the market boundaries have expanded. The flow of information has also added to the complexities of the operations. The multinational corporations are the drivers of economic growth and they have been responsible for the change in the concepts of industrial relations, these corporations are controlling assets in multiple countries. These MNC's are creating complexities in the industrial norms. The production processes have been distinguished by the global demand of the products.

Globalization has broken the status quo of "labor" and "capital" across all the countries. Capital is mobile in an open free market while labor is…. [read more]


Organizational Behavior (Psychology) Applied Comprehension Organizational Psychologists Term Paper

… Organizational Behavior (Psychology)

Applied Comprehension

Organizational Psychologists continually seek the creation of relevant approaches for the application of organizational psychological principles. Central to the application of Industrial Organizational psychological principles, as an emergent approach, has been the elevation of consultation psychology as a primary approach for the application of organizational psychology. Theoretically, the tension between business, clinical psychology and Industrial or Organizational Psychology has occasionally thwarted the effective application of psychological principles that could otherwise guide the successful resolution of issues between people and systems.

This paper will review the role that consultation psychological services can play in organizations, particularly as it may apply to facilitating organizational movement towards increased strategic success. As a case example, this paper will use a mental health organization to…. [read more]


Industrial Revolution the Nineteenth Century Essay

… Industrial Revolution

The nineteenth century was a period of time in which great changes were undertaken by human society. This period of change became known as the "Industrial Revolution," and it was a time of rapid transformation in manufacturing, transportation, and society. This led to a rapid increase in human population which in turn led to a further increase in the transformative process. Artisan craftsmanship, located in small isolated villages, developed into an urban, factory-based manufacturing process. Agriculture production increased from subsistence farming to the exportation of huge amounts of food. From a time when people and goods took weeks to travel small distances, whole continents, and indeed the entire world, were connected unlike never before. As a result of these changes in manufacturing and…. [read more]


Industrial Relations Term Paper

… Industrial Relations

Discuss the applicability of the systems theory of industrial relations to the present day industrial relations environment.

According to the systems theory of industrial relations an industrial relations system is an abstraction comprised of "certain actors, certain contexts, and an ideology" that bind a particular community system together that is defined through an agreed-upon "body of rules that govern the actors in the workplace" and "the work community." (Black, 2006, p.6) For example, the United States might be defined as a capitalist system that contains certain actors such as labor and management that must come together to negotiate mutually beneficial solutions within a particular industrial context. It is agreed by these actors to proceed legally, according to certain accepted guidelines, and certain principles…. [read more]


Organization Behavior Global Financial Crisis Essay

… Another group of researchers and economists believe that the global economic crisis will make it harder and more challenging for the governments to revitalize their financial sectors. It is because the world has not yet seen any significant steps by the governments of the affected economies to retrieve the past performance of their financial sectors. For instance, the Government of the United States has failed to bring its economy out of the serious foreign debts which are rapidly increasing day by day (United Nations Organization 2009).

Boom in the next decade:

In contrast to these opinions and arguments, another group of economist and financial experts believe that the global economic crisis is going to end in the following seven to ten years period. They argue…. [read more]


Industrial Organization vs. Resource-Based View Essay

… (2011). The Future of Resource-Based Theory: Revitalization or Decline? Journal of Management, 37(5), 1299-1315.

Cao, G., Wiengarten, F., & Humphreys, P.. (2011). Towards a Contingency Resource-Based View of IT Business Value. Systemic Practice and Action Research, 24(1), 85-106.

Conner, Kathleen R.. (1991). A Historical Comparison of Resource-Based Theory and Five Schools of Thought Within Industrial Organization Economics: Do We Have a New Theory of the Firm? Journal of Management, 17(1), 121.

Jeffrey H. Dyer, & Kentaro Nobeoka. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal: Special Issue: Strategic Networks, 21(3), 345-367.

Michael E. Porter. (2000). Location, competition, and economic development: Local clusters in a global economy. Economic Development Quarterly, 14(1), 15-34.

Michael E. Porter, & Scott Stern. (2001). Innovation:…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.