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Infant Child Care and Attachment Term Paper

… The converse is equally applicable.

It is believed that stress and parent anxiety render the experience of separation and also adjustment to the foreign care environment a difficult one for the infant.

Conversely, the supplementary nature of a sound care-giving environment can act as a genuine support in the alleviation of family stresses and difficulties, improving the infant's chances of favorable socio-emotional development.

If we are to accept that it is a reality of modern family life that mothers will be joint if not sole breadwinners, are we not then to turn our attention toward the education of those mothers in the provision of such care that engenders positive and secure attachment emotions in their children? This is an important issue in the contemporary problematics…. [read more]

Children, Grief, and Attachment Theory Term Paper

… Children, Grief, And Attachment Theory

When a child, age 7 to 11, experiences the death of a nuclear or extended family member, the experi-ence generates subsequent grief reaction/s. During the mixed methods study, the researcher investigates ways attachment theory may positively compliment grief reaction/s and concerns challenging the grieving child that may include feelings which include, but not limited to anger, confusion, fear, and self-blame. When not addressed, these reactions may link to the child experiencing ensuing health and/or mental health problems in his/her later life. The study also relates a number of ways to help to confront bereavement issues that children experience.

Relating to Death

Addressing "Something Else"

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of Study

Significance of Study

Scope of Study

Rationale of Study…. [read more]

Good vs. Bad Child Care: Impact on Developing Children Term Paper

… ¶ … Quality Day Care Services on the Developing Child

Young children's healthy development must proceed properly to insure that they develop into adults capable of achieving their best potentials. More and more parents of young children today must go to work or school and entrust this healthy development to child care centers or caregivers in their absence (Medline Plus 2007). The need to choose the one best fit for the purpose is paramount, considering the length of time their young children stay in these centers or with these caregivers. Their children's experiences in these centers or with caregivers can enhance or harm their healthy development. Some offer quality care and some offer poor quality care. Under the circumstances, parents take a calculated risk.

Literature…. [read more]

Child Development the First Two Term Paper

… Freud's suggested that there are five psychosexual stages of development. Firstly the oral stage, which occurs from birth to about one year, is when the infant is orally oriented and everything the child touches is put into the mouth. According to Freud, this occurs not only for feeding purposes, but also for pleasure, and the gratification is sexual. Freud's second takes place between the ages of two and three years of age, when the erogenous zone shifts to the anal region. Freud believes children experience sexual gratification during bowel movements and when they withhold bowel movements. Following the Anal stage of development, and usually at around the age of three, the individual enters the Phallic Stage during which the child gains gratification from their sexual…. [read more]

Child Guidance the Watertown (MA) Essay

… Also called performance assessments, authentic assessments provide an objective look at what a child can do. More authentic assessment of children is needed in the early childhood classroom. It supports developmentally appropriate educational practices because children can demonstrate the skills they have mastered in order to progress to the next level.

Children develop at different rates; two different children may not be equally ready to move from the three-year-old to the four-year-old class. Developmentally appropriate practices (DAP) were created to address three important early childhood issues: lack of universal high-quality early education programs, inappropriate curricula for young children, and growing concerns over lags in achievement among certain groups of children (Kostelnik, Soderman, and Whiren, 2011, p. 18). It does not make sense to push children…. [read more]

Infants We Don't Really Know Term Paper

… In one study, researchers demonstrated that the more social a mother was with her baby, the more likely the baby was to respond to the mother by touching and by reacting positively to being held (Mogilner, 1995), so it appears that caregiver behavior is important in many ways to the young infant. I believe that an infant needs lots of interaction with a caregiver so that child can know that his or her needs will be met and so the child will have many experiences to take in. The child may not be able to display what he or she has learned when the child is two or three months old, but the behaviors we see later as the infant explores its world have to…. [read more]

Child Abuse in England Initial Term Paper

… She needs to be told that Dennis is at the center of her life, which should not be the case. She should understand that she is merely replacing her vacant father image with Dennis, and that Dennis' closeness to Clara does not mean that Clara is more loved. She should be made to focus on the irrationality of the jealousy and the harm it causes everyone, yet she can do something about it. Instead, she should focus on reducing the distance between Dennis and Anthony by trying to empathize with both of them as far as she can learn to.

Dennis must also be spoken to, heart-to-heart. He may be aware of Christine's past, but he should be made to understand that merely living with…. [read more]

Children's Development Thesis

… Children's Development

Early Childhood Language, Cognitive, and Social Development

Preschool children are full of wonder and amazement of the world around them. They enjoy life in a way no adult can after developing so far from that early state of mind. It is within the preschool years where a child's mind develops rapidly, coming out of the complete ignorance of infancy into having a more complex and abstract idea of the world. Particular books are best for harboring the development of preschoolers because they appeal to the nature of the development itself. These children develop new language skills and strategies rapidly along with huge advances in their cognitive make up. Additionally, social development helps create them as social beings and not the isolated infants they…. [read more]

Infant Observation Term Paper

… The child jumped and bounced and shook all over during the dancing, and even had a trademark "break dancing" move where she lay on her back with her feet in the air and spun around in a circle. Herself also had a lot of interest in drumming, and she was able to hit drums of various sizes with both her hands and with sticks. She missed sometimes, but did hit her goal often. She also had maracas which she shook with some semblance of rhythm. When the music changed to the slower beat, Herself was able to maneuver into several different yoga positions by mimicking Aloe, and these obviously took a great deal of skill and effort on the part of the child. The slow,…. [read more]

Child and Adolescent Counseling Golden Case Study

… She also drew a secret tunnel that had a hidden picture. While playing through the secret tunnel, he asked St. Thomas to ask her various questions. She made the list of questions her self and all were related to loneliness and fear. Most of the time Kathy used to answer in a babyish voice that St. Thomas concluded as the voice of Kim. During her drawing sessions, she used to make critical statements. The boy and the blue birds she drew were only because she did not want to feel alone. Her use of colors (specifically pink and yellow) allowed her to express her conflicts and feelings. Her paintings and drawings portrayed Kathy as an adult.

Throughout the therapy process, the art materials helped her…. [read more]

Attachment Theory & Self-Psychology Dissertation

… The "Growing" Process

Overview of the Study

Clinical Case Study Dissertation Structure

The Rationale for Clinical Case Study Dissertation

Diverse Contentions

Emotional Abuse/Maltreatment

Winnicott's Relational Model Theory

Bowlby's Attachment Theory

Kohut's Self-Psychology


Theoretical Basis for Case


Winnicott's Relational Model Theory

Bowlby's Attachment Theory

Kohut's Self-Psychology


Shania's Presenting Problems

Early Stage: Development of Therapeutic Relationship and the Holding


Middle Stage: Transference and Counter-transferenceread more--> [read more]

Child Development the Middle Childhood Term Paper

… Child Development

The middle childhood is generally considered to be six to twelve years of age. I observed an eight-year-old boy playing at a playground. The boy's name is Chris.

He is smiling a lot so it can be seen that he has lost his baby teeth. Chris is rather tall for his age and he seems to be full of strength He is running, playing on a slide, ascending stairs, playing with a ball. His play is performed in the presence of his father. Chris is a very social individual who is making friends and exploring the world. He is interested in being out in the world with other people, going places, doing things.At eight, children evaluate themselves against the standards of others -parents,…. [read more]

Discipline for Children Understanding Effective Research Paper

… In accordance with the child's age, reponses of parental discipline vary. Studies show us that younger children experience more physical punishments in comparison which older age children (Dietz, 2000; Ghate et al., 2003). Nevertheless, it is also noted that, older age children face, in comparison to younger children, more strict physical punishments than younger children (Nobes and Smith, 2002; Straus and Stewart, 1999). Utilization of physical punishment is common among pre-school age children and toddlers, in North America and UK (Clement et al., 2000; Ghate et al., 2003). According to Durrant (2005), reason behind this high level of disciplinary problems in these ages is because of the combination of age-based influences resulted in demonstration of independence and exploration, along with the element of negativism, impulsive…. [read more]

Developing in a Family Essay

… Family Development

Child care advice for parents

Child care and day care institutions are very much part of family life in contemporary Western societies. Our new generation of parents, especially mothers, have been psyched to believe that starting a family is no longer an impediment to having an enduring career that is both personally and financially rewarding. It can be an elusive goal, but work-family balance is increasingly becoming feasible, thanks to modern technology, flexible working conditions, and of course, the availability of child care.

Recent statistics show that up to 78% of previously working first-time mothers in the United States return to their jobs by the time their babies turn 12 months old, and that majority of them use child care and family day…. [read more]

Impact of Father Involvement on Infant Development Within the Realm of Pre-And Perinatal Psychology Term Paper

… Father Involvement in Infant Development

Studies showed that children whose father was more involved in their care exhibited greater security in their attachment than those whose father was less involved (Caldera, 2004). Infants of fathers who more actively participated in their care were more socially inclined, played independently with toys, more compliant and enjoyed a warmer relationship with their father. These infants and children also showed higher levels of self-control and capability to carry out their responsibilities and follow their parents' direction. In general, they were more adjusted. These studies also suggested that the attachment relationship with one parent influenced that with the other parent (Caldera).

The father relieves the mother of some of the stress and worry in securing and maintaining oftentimes difficult-to-obtain infant…. [read more]

Child Psychological Development Child Developmental Case Study

… As she is almost one year she speaks clear words. Mother told me how she observed her baby during the developmental phase.

Erikson Theory of Psychological Development

Erikson recognized different stages of child development that are; Infancy, Early Childhood, Play age, School Age, Adolescence, Young Adulthood and Old Age. According to him, the child must go through and solve a conflict rising from biological and social experiences in every stage of his development. He described the conflicts ranging from infancy to adolescence. These are; "Basic Trust verses Mistrust, Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt, Initiative vs. Guilt, Industry vs. Inferiority, and Identity vs. Role Confusion. If child brings and gains a positive result from each conflict that means a virtue is established.

Erikson's model describes that…. [read more]

Influences on Social Cognition in Children and Adolescents Research Paper

… Thus, how children think and relate to others is heavily influenced by their parents over a number of different factors from parental warmth to the overall style of parenting. Moreover, early attitude formation regarding one's expectations of others, stereotyping, one's political views, etc. are shaped by parental interactions (Grusec, Goodnow & Kuczynski, 2000; White, & Matawie, 2004).

Peer Influences

As adolescents mature they become more capable of abstract thinking and questioning the status quo (Piaget, 1954). There is a tendency for adolescents to seek others who think like them or who think and act like they wish to be (Dodge, 1993). Much of the study of the impact on peer influence and social cognitive development in children and adolescents has concentrated on the negative connotations.…. [read more]

Domestic Violence and Effects Research Paper

… According to Jaffe et al. (1990), many children were unable to attend school because they were afraid of leaving their mother alone at home. These children couldn't stop thinking about how the man beats their mother. Majority of the children become very protective towards the physical and emotional well-being of their mother.

The social development of a child is greatly affected by domestic violence along with their ability of making and maintaining relationships with others. Recognizing the effects of domestic violence on children is very important. The most reported impact of domestic violence is fear, which has both short-term and long-term effects. The fear just doesn't end when the abusing stops, it is something that stays in them for quite a while. Children have reported…. [read more]

Ainsworth, Corsaro, and Children's Relationships Essay

… It was also designed with traditional (heteronormative) American families in mind; as such, it may not have as much efficacy when applied to immigrant or culturally underrepresented families.

Perhaps the greatest objection to the "Strange Situation" method is that it attempts to measure the child's personality development in a vacuum: although the procedure attempts to replicate the "typical" everyday environment of the child, the fact remains that the child is placed in an unfamiliar setting. Accordingly, it is not unreasonable to expect the child to behave differently when removed from their natural setting. Additionally, a common objection to the procedure is that it attempts to evaluate the child on the basis of a single 20-minute session; external factors may have placed the child in a…. [read more]

Child Custody Family Law Thesis

… This is employed as an alternative to having a child testify directly. The therapist cannot testify on behalf of the child, but can account to the court his interpretation of information gathered from sessions with the child. Psychologists must not give opinions regarding the physiological functioning of individuals who they have not personally evaluated, which implies that the therapist cannot give an opinion of the parents of children if they have not evaluated the parent's themselves. A few ways in which information is gathered includes in-home visits, one on one sessions, and observational methods; or any combination of the various techniques.

The use of counseling is a topic of heated debate with both serious ethical and financial concerns. Some claim counseling is ineffective because children…. [read more]

President, Harper Supply Company Case Study

… One lease may cost up to $8,000 a year for a lease, but considering the amount of money that could be lost by employees staying home with mildly ill children, many corporate CEO's think the expense is justified (Woodward, 1999).

Finally, there are child care endeavors which have not succeeded. One example is Owens Corning. Evidently, their employees did not answer all their survey questions as truthfully as they could, which created an inflated "need" for on-site child care. After building a facility, they did not have enough clients to manage economically. It has been suggested that employees may "pad the deck" a little when they respond to questionnaires or surveys concerning child care, saying they will use it when they already have made previous…. [read more]

Hisory of Palliatve Care Palliative Ghost Writing

… Development of instrument that can be used in improvement of palliative care

There are legal standards that are being used in the United States to help sustain the lives of young children. Creation of machines to help in the program to sustain lives especially of those children suffering from long life diseases like cancer is the current project. This is an initiative taken by the pediatric palliative care department. The program will play a significant role in prolonging lives especially to those children with serious illness. Two instruments in the suggestion for use and reviews made to see the effectiveness. Parents and palliative care employees from various institutions gave opinions to act as a guideline on the effectiveness and progress. The instruments are essential in…. [read more]

Raise Respectful Children Research Paper

… (DeGirolami, M.O. 2008. The problem of religious learning. Boston College Law Review, 49, 1213-1275.)

A more focused insight is the Responsive Classroom method used in classrooms. A study on a public elementary school in Connecticut showed that this approach actually did have a positive correlation with the respectful and caring behaviors of children. (Koontz, K.D. 2003. Effect of responsive classroom approach on caring and respectful behaviors of children. Wilmington, NC: University of North Carolina.) Responsive Classroom technique believes in placing equal importance on social along with academic skills so that instead of just being sharper and more intelligent, children are also more socially educated since the number of crimes is on a rise, divorces, killings, shootings have increased considerable and amidst all this violence we…. [read more]

Day Care Deception Term Paper

… Robertson, Brian C. (2003) Day Care Deception: What the Child Care Establishment Isn't Telling Us. New York: Encounter.

What is turning America's children into murderers and psychopaths?

Brian C. Robertson's Day Care Deception: What the Child Care Establishment Isn't Telling Us (2003) implicitly asks this question at the beginning of his text, by opening his book about day care not with images of a child care facility, but with a high school shooting. Robertson has a simple answer to the complex questions that arose after the flurry of national self-examination that arose after the shootings at Columbine High School, in the nation's heartland. Robertson blames the institutionalization of day care as a norm within the American cultural fabric for the increased violence in society and…. [read more]

Child Psychology Child Development Term Paper

… Child Psychology

Child development is a constantly changing psycho/social discipline with almost countless theories associated with it. The fundamental nature of children and how they develop to become either successful adults or unsuccessful adults to varying degrees is the essential question of the future and therefore the study of child development is a mass of information encompassing theories of all kinds regarding physical, cognitive, personality, moral, social-emotional, identity, and spiritual development of individuals at all points encompassing what we know as childhood. Additionally, this mass of ideas constitutes a collection of many structured theories about all kinds of development. This work will attempt to give an overview of the history of old and emerging child development theories in all their changing perspectives. This work will…. [read more]

Psychology Developmental Children's Use Term Paper

… Games can be motivational intellectually in the pre-school and primary school curriculum. (Kamii & Devries, 1980, Kamii, 1985)

Adults Interaction and Role in Children's Play:

The adult role in children's play should follow guidelines. The adult should value children's play and talk to the child about their play. When appropriate, play with the child, most specifically during the early years. Creation of a playful atmosphere as well as provision of materials that are conducive to exploration in play is important. Sometimes offering a new prop or suggesting new roles can provide more productive experiences through play. The adult should intervene to assure safety in play as well as negotiating conflicts between children that the children are unable to find a solution to themselves. (Caldwell, 1977).…. [read more]

Interpret Criteria for Child and Adolescent Development Research Paper

… ¶ … Child and adolescent development process is made up of about thirteen years. An inclusion the infancy and toddler stages make it eighteen years. Through these years, the child grows as well as develops in a number of ways. Several theories have been advanced in order to explain the concept of child and adolescent development. Each of these theories suggests that children develop in almost similar ways. The criteria for their successful development are numerous. Successful emotional as well as cognitive development are though of as two different and separate processes. According to Bell and Wolfe (2004,p336) the two developmental processes are intricately bound to one another. The authors indicate that the two processes are linked as well as act upon each other in…. [read more]

Child Foster Care Term Paper

… Foster Care

Kang, H. (2007). Theoretical Perspectives for Child Welfare Practice on Kinship Foster Care Families in Society 88 (4): 575-82

Kinship foster care is defined as "out-of-home placement with relatives of children who are in the custody of state and local child welfare agencies." As a result, numerous studies have been conducted on kinship care, and various policy and practice principles have supported this approach. However, in the report Kang stated that all research and practice and policy supports for kinship care have been conducted without well-conceived theoretical support. The main purpose of the paper, therefore, was to provide expanded theoretical discussions about kinship foster care and the motivations of kin caregivers. The report was written to help researchers organize their findings and guide…. [read more]

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Material Research Paper

… ¶ … Exposure to Domestic Violence Effects Children's mental health

When children are faced with violence, adults usually focus on school performance, aggressive behaviors, and anxiety and/or depression, as these are crucial psychological needs following restoration of the child to safety. However, recent research depicts that the less-obvious negative impacts on the physical health of these children are also worrisome and may extend for several years into their future. Domestic violence exposure includes hearing or seeing the events, directly getting involved in the violent situation, or facing the aftermath (such as witnessing maternal depression or physical damage). Nearly 25% of children experience some form of exposure to violence in their juvenile years (Koenen et al. 2010). An in-depth analysis of population-based surveys in developed nations…. [read more]

Sensitive Mothering From the Nursery Essay

… But the mother who plays gentle games, or holds and rocks, and who generally gets the baby into a nap-accepting mood will be considered cooperative. (Ainsworth, 1969).

As seemed de rigueur for a psychologist of her generation, Ainsworth create a scale that extends from the "conspicuously cooperative" parent to the "highly interfering" parent. The conspicuously cooperative caregiver acts in the following way. The mother "views her baby as a separate, active, autonomous person, whose wishes and activities have validity of their own." Since she acknowledges a child's autonomy, she avoids situations in which "she might have to impose her will on his, and shows foresight in planning ahead -- by arranging the physical environment of the house or by her timing her own household routines…. [read more]

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