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Institutional Pharmacy According to Various Essay

… There are various bodies that can regulate the pharmacies and they can range from state boards, such as the Mississippi Board of Pharmacy (MBP), to national boards. Regulations can, furthermore, include the following, according to MBP (2011):


-Pharmacy Board Examination

-Practical Experience Requirement

-License Renewal and Continuing Education [4: "Regulations - Table of Contents." HOME. Web. 20 Sept. 2011. .]

The important regulatory bodies further include, and this is very important to mention:

-OSHA (governmental agency that enforces health and safety regulation)

-FDA (charged with regulating consumer consumption of food and drugs)

-HIPAA (an organization that provides regulations for health and privacy of individuals)

-DEA (works as a body for the Department of Justice and is the drug enforcement agency that regulates drugs and…. [read more]

Legal Aspects of Medical Errors Case Study

… Therefore, in this particular aspect of the case, the physician is not legally liable however, due to the failure of the physician to gain consent of the infant's parents for treatment, he is legally liable along with the pharmacists, the nurse, and the hospital as a whole.

II. Did the provider fail in any way to adhere to ethical standards? How might this have impacted the patient outcome?

The provider failed to gain the consent of the parents for treatment of the minor child. Had this consent been sought the entire situation and the death of the child would have been avoided.

III. If noted in the scenario, how did the provider interact with the patient or family after the error came to light?

This…. [read more]

Family Nurse Practioner Term Paper

… These agencies impact this role positively if properly followed since their work complete the ethics and rules that inform the procedure.

CRAN's role in the medical field is aided by the fact that there are now many institutions that offer the course. FNPs; gain from the fact that they can access school materials online or on part-time basis. This has the dual effect of giving the nurse both clinical experiences while learning. Accreditation agencies are coming up whose existence is aided with the support of both the state and federal governments. This ensures the nurses offering this expertise role; are qualified and competent persons.

According to a research conducted in 2010; showed that CRNA's who worked independently without supervision were as effective as full fledge…. [read more]

Evolution ? Sharma S, Kunimoto Dy Research Proposal

… Evolution ?

Sharma S, Kunimoto DY, Garg P, and Rao GN. "Trends in antibiotic resistance of corneal pathogens: Part I. An analysis of commonly used ocular antibiotics." Indian J. Ophthalmol [serial online] 1999

The authors of this study examine bacterial keratitis as the primary pathogen and analyze it root causes as well as the effects of antibiotics that are commonly in use in the current treatment of the disease. They also focus on two age groups that are particularly susceptible to this disease, the elderly population and the pediatric cohort. Both are sensitive to the debilitating effects of this pathogen. The authors hope to refine and improve the current diagnostic procedure and treatment of the disease.

Part I of this series is addressed mainly to…. [read more]

Environmental Analysis: Target Corporation Essay

… Target stores are reported to be stocked with products from countries known to employ child labor, which is illegal for production and manufacture of goods. This creates a problem for Target's image in the public view. (Vault, 2011)

Strategies for the Future

Target needs to work on its' social image in terms of the public view of Target as well as working on its treatment of employees. Needed in Target's strategy is what is referred to as the "old social contract where if you work hard and give them full time, they have to treat you with some degree of dignity and pay you enough that you don't need to worry about your basic needs all of the time." (Lydersen, 2006)

Target stores need to…. [read more]

Status of the Nation's Drug Supplies Term Paper

… The PDMA was passed in response to growing concerns over counterfeit pharmaceuticals in the United States. In this regard, Conlan advises that, "To a large degree, [the PDMA] was spurred by the discovery of two million birth control pills meant to look like G.D. Searle's Ovulen-21. However, they contained little or no estrogen" (2009, p. 33). The FDA's Web site states that the PDMA was enacted: (a) to ensure that drug products purchased by consumers are safe and effective, and (b) to avoid the unacceptable risk to American consumers from counterfeit, adulterated, misbranded, subpotent, or expired drugs (Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987, 2014). The FDA also reports that, "The legislation was necessary to increase safeguards in the drug distribution system to prevent the introduction…. [read more]

Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.


Understanding the main…. [read more]

Generic vs. Brand Drugs Thesis

… Generic vs. Name Brand Drugs

Many healthcare consumers are familiar with generic drugs, but some may not realize the intense debate that has taken place in recent years concerning the manner in which generic drug manufacturers are able to provide these medicines at a fraction of the price charged by brand-name manufacturers. Pioneer drug manufacturers incur enormous research and development costs in bringing their brand-name medicines to market but only have 20 years to recoup their investment before their patents expire at which time generic drug manufacturers can use their research and clinical findings to obtain federal approval for their own versions. Moreover, just a fraction of the drugs that are researched ever make it to the clinical trial stage for testing, and even fewer…. [read more]

Functionalism in Sociology the History Term Paper

… In terms of the need for stability the analogy between society and an organism therefore aimed at a situation of homeostasis where " ... social systems work to maintain equilibrium and to return to it after external shocks disturb the balance among social institutions. "(FUNCTIONALISM)

This state of order and social equilibrium is achieved through the socialization process. This means that in order for an institution to function correctly the members of the society must be socialized into or internalize the various norms and values of the institution. This also leads to another significant functionalist concept which is the consensus value that socialization creates. Consensus value is the agreement of the individuals as to the values of the society. "Functionalist analyses often focus on the…. [read more]

Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women Research Paper

… Evidence-Based Practice Protocol: Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women

Evidence-based Practice

Domestic violence (DV) accounts for about 30% of all acute injuries to women treated in emergency departments, as it currently constitutes a critical public health concern, not only in the United States (U.S.), but worldwide. Some studies indicate that Hispanic women are more likely to be injured during intimate partner violence incidents than non-Hispanic women, with scholars agreeing that DV among Latinos must be addressed as it constitutes a serious problem among the Latino growing population.

Research reveals that utilizing emergency room protocols to identify and treat victims of domestic violence increases the identification of victims by medical practitioners. Although a high percentage of female victims of domestic violence visit emergency rooms for treatment, low…. [read more]

Corporate Universities Investigation of Their Development Internationally in the Field Sector of Tourism Term Paper

… Corporate universities"-investigation of their development internationally in the field/sector of tourism.

In this paper, it will be discussed how corporate universities function internationally and otherwise. From there, their development process of tourism will be discussed and how it is affecting its organized culture. Going public will be addressed as an option in order to improve the development of tour. Finally, this paper will concluded the development has had many successes despite their slow start but will continue to defeat them.

Corporate universities fall under the direction of motivation by the following example, which helps them with the plans with the sector of tourism. "Corporate universities are created for different purposes. Some are developed to bring fresh life to the old training and development department. Others…. [read more]

Nursing Leader's Perceived Role in Nurse Recruitment Research Proposal

… LR Explor/The nurse leader role in recruit.

Nurse Leaders as Recruiters

Nurse leaders serve an integral role in the field to demonstrate skill in recruitment of future nurses. To do this they must work within existing systems as well as advocate for the expansion of other recruitment essential systems and system change need awareness. Nurse leaders must work collaboratively with human resource departments as well as becoming fundamental community recruiters in and outside of the work setting. (Anson, 2000, p. 21) This review of literature will then address general and specific issues of the role of nurse leaders as recruiters by thematically addressing certain trends and change needs in the health care industry in general and in nursing care that have specific and general implications…. [read more]

Affordable Care Act Health Care Reform Capstone Project

… Affordable Care Act

The Affordable Health Care Act

The hospital industry is comprised of many different sectors including, but not limited to, non-profit and for-profit hospitals, safety net hospitals and teaching hospitals among others. Because the sectors are so varied, it is surmised that the Affordable Care Act, which was enacted in March of 2010, will have different effects for each different sector and individual hospital. There are certain hospitals that have always given either low-cost or no-cost health care to uninsured patients and it is posited that these hospitals will gain the most in relation to the uncompensated care that they have given patients. It is believed that there are substantial provisions within the Affordable Care Act that will have a beneficial effect on…. [read more]

10 empirical articles Essay

… It believes that these obstacles preventing black leaders from emerging in the present-day companies are more psychological than material and some of them are; involuntary racial discrimination, traditional beliefs of whites and how this affects those of the BME staff, use of blacks in enhancing the whites' statuses, expected actions from leaders as well as the mental picture of leaders and their prototype characteristics. Lowe (2013) concludes by stating that, putting a stop to this could call for a drastic political and judicial battle.

Boekhorst, J. A. (2015). The Role of Authentic Leadership in Fostering Workplace Inclusion: A Social Information Processing Perspective. Human Resource Management, 54(2), 241. doi:10.1002/hrm.21669

Boekhorst (2015) tries to shed more light on the way inclusion could become a basic feature of…. [read more]

Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Research Proposal

… Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

As a person ages, his/her prospect of contracting Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

increases. Children and adults of any ages, however, may develop AML This qualitative study asserts that the potential for development of significant improvement of therapies for AML depends on continuing studies such as the three which this qualitative case study investigates.

Need to add more to abstract

Context of the Problem

Organization of the Study


"The overall cure rate for childhood [acute lymphocytic leukemia] ALL

is now approximately 75-80%; however, for [acute myelogenous leukemia] AML

the cure rate is between 40 and 45%"

(Belson, Kingsley, and Holmes, para. 6)

Context of the Problem

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Leukemia currently maintains the status of…. [read more]

Practicing Quality Care in Saudi Arabia Book Report

… 804). By acknowledging patients' rights, providers show concern and respect for patients. As Al Momani and Al Korashy (2012) show, "failure of nurses and other health care providers to take into account factors observed and reported by patients as important to their nursing care is inconsistent with the notion of patient-centered care and patient empowerment" (p. 42). Treating each patient in the manner that he or she wishes to be treated is what providing quality care is all about. This means that understanding patient needs and interacting with patients in a way that demonstrates respect for the patient's culture, beliefs, and attitudes is a significant part of health care. Administering to symptoms, ailments and illnesses is only one portion of providing care. Because patients are…. [read more]

Market Orientation of Medical Diagnostic Term Paper

… Services at the HHS, MDU's are not planning to be eliminated, but to be more efficient through improved discharge planning, more efficient ways to canalize patient, increase training and skills and more effective clinical and technological test taking of patients. The MDU used as a sample for this research project has an acceptance of approximately 3588 patients a year in the Echocardiography laboratory, 37856 patient for Electrocardiography, 1633 for Holter Monitoring, 2839 for Stress Test, and a 16,102 per year for diversity of cardiac and related non-cardiac diagnostic technologic tests. Having a total of 62018 tests at this particular Unit.

The four units at the corporation have approximately 167,489 invasive and non- invasive cardiovascular tests (including a small number of neurology test) done a year.…. [read more]

Health Maintenance Organization Impact on the Minorities Thesis


The focus of this research study is the health maintenance organization impact on the minorities' community and specifically the communities of Hispanics, African-American and Latinos in the locations of New York City, New Jersey, Connecticut and Chicago. In recent years it has become increasingly clear that the U.S. .healthcare system is failing in making the same quality of care provision for ethnic minority populations as are made for the majority white population and the racial and ethnic disparities in accessing quality healthcare have been documented in research studies. It is reported that African-Americans experience the highest rates of mortality from heart disease, cancer, cerebrovascular disease and HIV / AIDS than any other U.S.…. [read more]

Organizational Analysis of Community Health Systems Home Ported in Tennessee Term Paper

… Community Health Systems (CHS) is a large corporation that owns and operates full-service hospitals in non-urban areas. In most such areas, CHS is typically the sole or primary acute care services provider. The company currently operates some 75 hospitals with about 9,200 licensed beds in more than 20 states, with most found in the southern United States. These hospitals offer a variety of inpatient and outpatient medical, surgical, and emergency services. Some of the hospitals also offer skilled nursing and home health services. CHS seeks to control supply costs by means of its membership in the group purchasing organization HealthTrust, and this organization negotiates price agreements with suppliers on behalf of its members. The company analyzes its mission and its operation to see how the…. [read more]

Grocery Store by Entrance Dissertation

… It will have an affect on the prices that they pay for groceries and the convenience that the local grocers offer. If smaller grocers succumb to larger hypermarkets it will mean a social change for the Thai people. It could be viewed as a form of westernization. As one can see, the study will have a significant impact on stake holders on many different levels. It will examine a problem that affects many people.


This study will explore three hypotheses that will serve as the foundation of the study. These hypotheses are:

Hypothesis 1: Local grocery/convenience store businesses are negatively affected by the presence of foreign hypermarkets.

Hypothesis 2: Government regulations have not been effective in protecting local businesses.

Hypothesis 3: Local businesses can…. [read more]

Nursing Informatics Career Viability Analysis Essay

… A properly planned and implemented health care informatics system separates the various departments within a hospital which utilize health care records information, dividing them in terms of their relevance to the final delivery of critical medical services. Physicians and nurses are the most fundamental components on this informational chain, and they are assisted by the efforts of administrators, support services, and occasionally external users such as hospice centers and pharmacies. The EHR services provided to the BCHHS by Georgia Telemedicine Program have improved the connectivity and communicative ability of the entire health care delivery system, because diagnostic data and other crucial pieces of patient information are stored in a standardized language which is applicable throughout the entire statewide network. By enabling rural Georgians to access…. [read more]

Privatization of Healthcare Services Dissertation

… With this reality check and overall change in approach permissions were granted to individuals for setting up and running private hospitals with government regulations. This revived the private sector and many public institutions were privatized over night. Both types of institutions private and public still co-exist in China but number of private hospitals and clinics remain far greater. In most cities the private hospitals and clinics privatized at an incredible speed going from 40% of all institutions in 1998 to 56% private institutions in 2005, this rapid privatization led to establishment of un-registered private entities (Black Clinics). Earlier to 1980 there were four groups who were allowed to setup and run private practice; First group was individual practitioners with a license prior to the Cultural…. [read more]

Wireless Broadband Technology Term Paper

… All the communication is done using a series of radio signals or radio specifications, the frequency of the signals being that of a low 2.4 GHz and the data speeds are up to a range of 721 Kbps. There is no one direction in which this technology can be used; it is omni directional. The distance that it can cover ranges from 10 cm to 100 m; the greater the transmitting power, the greater the distance covered. The output power can be less than 10 mill watts. Basically, the Bluetooth technology functions like this: it can be embedded in an electronic device or be used as an adaptor. (How Bluetooth Technology

Any electronic device that is popularly used today can make use of these…. [read more]

UK Healthcare Term Paper

… According to Enthoven, the focus was directed towards enabling private practice to develop and forcing more elderly people to independent private nursing homes, where they had to pay from own resources until their money ran out. Within this approach, the goals of the government as addressed by Enthoven were:

To improve its ability to control the NHS financially by separating 'health' from 'social' care and to continue offering 'free' if services were provided by the NHS staff based on 'means tested' access.

To increase the efficiency of the NHS by improving both productive efficiency and allocative efficiency.

According to Le Grand et al., (1998), the basis of the development of the 'internal market' involved the introduction of competition via the establishment of more and smaller…. [read more]

Psychology Treatment Thesis

… 29).

A crisis in mental health care funding is approaching rapidly given that the Baby Boomer generation will retire over the next twenty years and expenditures for older Americans with major psychiatric disorders will double. There will also be a serious lack of mental health services, providers and funding. About 20% of all adults over age 55 have major mental illnesses such as depression and dementia, although these are often under-reported and under-diagnosed (Bartels et al., 2010, p. 261). Medicare and Medicaid expenditures for nursing homes, outpatient and inpatient services, pharmacy and emergency room visits always "increase with advancing age" especially for those age 85 and over requiring "acute and long-term care." These expenses increase further for patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, although elderly…. [read more]

indepth analysis of Research Proposal

… Therefore, the following two questions will constitute the focus of the study.

1. What are the seeming challenges faced by war veterans in the course of transition from active duty to non-combatant life?

2. What are the discernments of combat veterans regarding veteran support initiatives?

Literature Review

Transition more often than not encompasses physical, societal and emotional challenges, and therefore may be a substantial source of stress and worry for majority of people, particularly in cases of lack of preparedness. According to Bennett et al. (2015), transition difficulties are for the most part true for war veterans when returning to noncombatant life. During the war and while at the battlefield, men and women on active duty experience not just physical injuries, but also excessively traumatizing…. [read more]

Healthcare Practices in Nursing Today Term Paper

… This is because hospital needs fluctuate, depending on the numbers, types, and individual responses of patients on a given day.

Management developed ways to attempt to predict nursing needs that were based on patient population. This type of patient classification system is a process where RNs document patient needs. Management then uses this documentation to standardize patient care and to predict the right mix of nursing personnel that is required for any particular patient population (White, 1988).

This particular management strategy requires a high level of utilization of RNs, because RNs are more highly educated and better at the documentation process required for patient classification systems to work. In addition, RNs are trained to participate in the process. This system is being widely utilized to…. [read more]

Capital Term Paper

… This stimulates venture capitalists to be more than just a financier and involve deeply in management, strategy and operations of the companies they invest in. It is the entrepreneurial spirit in venture capitalists that separate them from the convention financers such as banks and financial institutions. Although they involve in the affairs of the investee companies, most venture capitalists seek to exit from the ventures once they realize the desired rate of return. This enables them to continue investing in other young companies and continue to make higher returns.

Evolution of Venture Capital in the U.S.:

In the United States, venture capital has been in vogue right from the early stages of industrialization, with wealthy individuals, families or closed groups funding companies or projects, which…. [read more]

Core Competencies of Institute of Medicine Research Paper

… Cognitive skills, psychomotor skills and psychosocial skills also enable nurses to think critically and reflectively and make good decisions at the right time. By so doing, there is the presence of quality healthcare services that in turn contributes to saving more lives. Research is helpful as it ensures nurses have up-to-date information on health matters, hence ensuring quality healthcare services to the public (Pistoria et al., 2010).

These competencies have a number of implications for the healthcare profession. In most hospitals and health care facilities today, the services offered are of good quality. Healthcare givers have up-to-date information on medical matters, putting them in a situation where they can handle any medical condition efficiently. With their healthy lifestyles, nurses act as role models for patients…. [read more]

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