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Supervision Tasks Essay

… We cut deals with each other here.

Summary of Responses (one): the teacher was forthcoming with responses to all three supervision components. She was strongest in her insistence that teacher partnership (with students and administrators) is the best answer for curriculum issues. I liked her involvement with the community in action research and she was fully on board with professional development as was the vice principal. The principal seemed more self-assured that all facets of public school education is going well but when he says there are no issues and implies everything is smooth, he's being politically correct, it would seem.

Summary of Responses (two): The teacher was more willing to be frank and fully open about school strategies while the vice principal seemed defensive…. [read more]

Education Term Paper

… This means that these concepts can be effectively implemented if the person has an open mind during the process. As a result, my education would improve if teachers were using this on multiple levels. This will provide different formats for learning and understanding key concepts. ("Multiple Intelligence Theory," 2011)

The use of multiple intelligence; is focused on several areas to include: different ways students are learning, there will be varying levels of understanding / thought and a person can use other attributes to excel. These ideas are showing how differentiated instruction is borrowing key concepts in order to reach out to various stakeholders. ("Multiple Intelligence Theory," 2011)

Learning improves with the use of tailored learning preferences and it is more enjoyable. This is because these…. [read more]

Supervision Models of Supervision: Supervisory Practices Methods Essay

… Supervision

Models of supervision: Supervisory practices

Methods of teacher supervision vary widely throughout the nation. There is no uniform standard for measuring teachers that is deemed to be universally applicable to all situations. However, there has been a growing impetus to create supervision programs which are formalized and provide effective feedback to teachers in an ongoing fashion throughout the school year. Three of these models include professional development plans, clinical supervision, and differentiated evaluation.

Professional development plans are based upon the concept that by investing in and empowering professional educators, the quality of education in the classroom will improve. Professional development plans attempt to build teacher knowledge through self-accountability. The plans encourage teachers to set goals to improve teaching techniques and standards and "models preferred…. [read more]

Education Disparity in America Essay

… Actually, well-funded school districts are unwilling to share money with the poorer school districts because of the realization that money is not the fix for poorer performing school districts. The ideal way for resolving the disparity is by focusing on adequate funding as well such as effective supervision, strong curriculum, quality teaching, and relevant student programs.

Analysis of Observations:

The observations regarding education disparity in America are contradictory because of the ironical nature of the problem and probable solution. The contradictory aspect of these observations originates from the fact that the disparity is mainly brought by lack of adequate funds, but increase in funding does not solve it. Actually, it is evident that funding of public schools worsens the inequalities in the education system. These…. [read more]

Instructional Design Models, Including Elements Essay

… Certain criteria must be implemented. CRI methods, like ISD methods have these elements: First and foremost, they are "competency-based (job-related)" skills (Clark 2010). This means that "learners are required to master a Knowledge, Skill, or Attitude (KSA). The training focuses on the job by having the learners achieve the criteria or standards necessary for proper task performance," in this case drawing blood (Clark 2010). CRI methods are best deployed with sequential methods of learning, which also means that learning 'process'-type activities like drawing blood are well-suited to CRI.

Criterion Referenced Instruction (CRI) is a particularly useful approach, because it is essential for learners to satisfy certain criteria for the learning to be effective. Grading students on a curve, relative to the performance of other students…. [read more]

Education Need for Study Roles Term Paper

… The top ten duties and responsibilities of the assistant principal that they identified were: discipline, attendance, student activities, community agencies, master schedules, teacher substitutes, building operations, budget and communications, respectively ranked. Duties associated with instructional learning did not make the list of the seventeen job functions that the authors included in the study.

And, studies show that assistant principals are dissatisfied with their jobs as a direct result of their lack of meaningful responsibilities. A 1987 study of 2,300 secondary school administrators in the U.S. Office of Education illustrated their discontent. The study confirmed the discipline and clerical duties of assistant principals and discovered that they felt powerless and suffered a significantly higher degree of alienation than do principals.

Scoggin's and Bishop's review of the…. [read more]

Personal Philosophy of Supervision What Is Supervisory Essay

… Personal Philosophy of Supervision

What is supervisory leadership? According to Delores E. McNair -- writing in the peer-reviewed journal New Directions for Student Services -- leadership refers to the way in which a person has an influence on an organization but supervision is "…about the people in the organization who may report to us" (McNair, 2011, 28).

My beliefs and philosophy of supervision

My beliefs about supervision are drawn from my most central values; those values include: a) treating people with respect and kindness; b) giving everyone an equal chance; c) being fair and just no matter the person's socioeconomic situation or ethnic heritage; and d) bringing out the strong points of each individual while accomplishing goals that are agreed upon by all within the…. [read more]

Educational Administration Supervision Essay

… Educational Administration Supervision

Educational supervision represents a vitally important component of education management today. Identifying the educational views that delineate a supervisory platform represents an important enterprise because the study of educational ideas can facilitate an understanding concerning how the present educational system has developed and this level of understanding can then be used as a legitimate basis for further progress or change. To this end, this essay delineates the author's personal supervisory platform, including the overarching educational super-philosophy. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the conclusion.

Educational supervision has become an important part of education management with respect to a wide range of activities, including the provision of applicant feedback, the provision of resources to educational facilities and the…. [read more]

Supervision of Instruction Term Paper

… After having proved the significance of Direct Instruction approach, let us look at what it is and how it must work in learning and an enriching environment.

Direct Instruction approach is basically a developmental and an on going as well as a step-by-step guide to better comprehension of the subject matter. It is based on a model with the following four stages:

All the steps have been taken verbatim from the research article under consideration)

I. Set: Provide Objectives, Establish Expectations and Introduce the Skill

This is the stage wherein the teacher begins his or her job of educating his or her pupil by initially introducing the topic to be taught with a thorough description and a detailed demonstration session of the skill to be…. [read more]

Principal the Instructional Leader Thesis

… ¶ … Instructional Leader

Educational leadership is one of the most significant issues at this time, with regard to all levels of education. The accountability trend in education has made the needs and standards of educational leadership rise to the top of essential issues in educational leadership and standards for principles and other administrative leaders of schools and districts. Among these changes have been those directed at increasing the involvement of principles and superintendents for both high-performing, moderate and low-performing schools.

The Educational Leadership Constituents Council has in turn altered and expanded its ELCC Standards to more directly address such issues in practicing and future educational leaders. (Orr, 2006, p. 492) Some of these standards directly address how an individual school principle might be more…. [read more]

Supervision Necessary? Term Paper

… The principal subsequently supervises and evaluates the teacher.

This system holds each level accountable to the level above. The system also assumes that a person at a higher level on the organizational chart can increase the quality of the performance at a lower level through the processes of inspection, supervision and evaluation.

This hierarchical system of supervision and evaluation aims to discover and pinpoint problems and offer ways of fixing them. It assumes that the people who are charged with inspecting, supervising and evaluating know more than the people being inspected.


Through supervision, education officials carefully monitor the teaching and learning processes taking place in the school. Supervision is basically "the on-going process by which a principal carries out the duties in respect to…. [read more]

Staff and the Supervision Essay

… The reason behind this is the fact that everybody wants to be heard and since I believe in a collaborative approach I think that the employees and staff members would be happy with my assumptions for the simple reason that they are able to convey their thoughts and ideas through proper and convenient channels. These skills have been characterized by Glickman, Gordon, and Ross-Gordon into the mastery of the subsequent conditions, "listening, encouraging, clarifying, presenting, reflecting, problem solving, directing, negotiating, reinforcing and standardizing" (pg. 112). Therefore, by having a proper understanding of the above mentioned term a supervisor will be able to understand and nullify the misunderstandings.

However, it has to be kept in mind here that when you are dealing with an organization or…. [read more]

Instructional Supervision in Education Research Paper

… Action Research

Collaborative Action Research as a means for Correcting Learning Inequities in Diverse Classrooms

A major problem facing many teachers and administrators today is ensuring equality in the level and efficacy of instruction that students from diverse backgrounds and with diverse abilities receive in the classroom. Cultural differences, gender differences, and individual learning styles can all affect the rate at which knowledge presented in a certain manner will be absorbed and utilized by each individual student, and educators must first be aware of these differences and then take steps to ensure that enough diversity is achieved in instructional methods and classroom learning activities in order to adequately and equitably meet the learning needs of each individual student. For a teacher new to the classroom,…. [read more]

Education Factors Relating to the Development Term Paper

… Education

Factors Relating to the Development of Relationships between Teacher Leaders and Their Principals

America's teachers face an educational system that is increasingly complex. They must navigate between the needs of students, and the demands of administrators. In most instances, the principal represents the average teacher's first contact without the outside world of school boards and bureaucratic regulation. There are federally-mandated goals and tests, state benchmarks and funding requirements, and parental and media activists. Principals must respond to, or enforce, the demands of all these groups. Teachers must either find a way to comply, or else must defend their choice to follow an alternative path. The opinions of lone teachers or groups of teachers, count for little when stacked up against the weight of government…. [read more]

Education Perspectives: Teacher vs. Administrator Essay

… " He also mentioned that he felt more Christian educators in the public sector were needed. The teacher said her greatest educational influence was her fourth grade teacher, who showed she cared for her by teaching her how to tell time without publicly humiliating her for not mastering this skill before the age of 10. The administrator identified a teacher who was always patient with the rowdy students in school and could "direct our energy toward the educational perspectives."

The teacher said the greatest benefit to being an educator is "watching the light bulbs turn on. I love seeing kids master something that they didn't know or know how to do. Your students are like sponges and they are just waiting for you to let…. [read more]

Education Administration in the Book, School Leadership Term Paper

… Education Administration

In the book, School Leadership that Works, Marzano, Waters and McNulty analyze any leadership practices that seem to have an impact on leading schools effectively, as well as what leaders can do to increase student achievement, since the authors believe that the distinguishing factors between ineffective and effective schools lie in analyzing student achievement. Studies of school leadership and their correlation have allowed the authors to examine 69 studies published between 1978 and 2001. The authors analyzed 2,802 schools at various levels at multiple-level schools. It is possible that 14,000 teachers and 1.4 million students have been studied for this important work. The large number of participants as well as the many levels of the schools studied give this book validity even though…. [read more]

Instructional Supervision? Instructional Supervisor Maintains Term Paper

… 5. What are the most important needs of teachers?

Teachers should be open minded, creative and willing to teach using the most reliable teaching tools. For example, if the teacher is using the same method which was used 30 years ago, it would make it very difficult to maintain a good communication with students. Therefore, a successful teacher should be open to new trainings, collaborate with other teachers and always look for new opportunities to enhance their own teaching methods.

6. What makes for positive relationships between supervisors and teachers?

As it is mentioned before the ideal supervisor should be a role model for teachers and open to listen to their needs and ideas about the educational institutions and methods. They should share their experiences…. [read more]

Leadership Skills Impact International Education Term Paper

… However, many people do not understand what leadership is and how it applies to the school environment. In their 1997 study of visionary companies, James Collins and Jerry Porras define leaders as people who "displayed high levels of persistence, overcame significant obstacles, attracted dedicated people, influenced groups of people toward the achievement of goals, and played key roles in guiding their companies through crucial episodes in their history."

This definition is very much in line with the definitions currently used for school leaders, although this definition has changed in recent years (Education Week, 2004). Until recent years, most research assumed that leadership did not have to come from the school principal (Riordan, 2003). The realization that improving instruction requires shifts in the behavior of school…. [read more]

Professional Supervision Your Belief Essay

… (Klingner; Edwards, 2006)

Torgesen (2007) insists that there must always have what he calls a "safety network" that could include strong instruction in the class by the teacher and extra interventions as and when needed. In such cases a normative or subjective analysis would fail. Therefore supervision must also include these aspects and statistical analysis basing these aspects as variables are required. If we agree that there must be supervisory regulation and intervention at different layers in the process of imparting education in such a way that the increasing student need is met at each levels of complexity based on the individual student and the instructor's abilities, then the instructor ought to be tested and evaluated only with the factors in mind.

Therefore there is…. [read more]

Distance Learning Term Paper

… Both the lecture sessions and the course laboratory require substantial individual study, concentration, and practice to demonstrate mastery of related concepts. Likewise, ME 172 has enduring linkages to industrial practices.

The Distant Education component offered a fifty-minute connection made three times a week for fifteen weeks during each semester. Collaborating students from both University locations were required to complete nineteen laboratory exercises (ten tutored lessons, and nine production drawings -- including final assembly drawings), using the Pro/E software to model and define each mechanical component or assembly. The Pro/E software was resident only at Brigham Young University's CAD Laboratory. Before the professors assigned each lab project, a live lab session was conducted, similar to the lecture periods. The only difference being that instead of PowerPoint…. [read more]

Supervision of Instruction Collegial Relationship Term Paper

… The supervisor who can engage their staff and allow input and innovation will be much more than the supervisor who supervises with control and allows no challenge or input of thoughts and ideas. No one enjoys being shut down when they have ideas to make the workplace a better place, and teachers are certainly no exception. Communication of course, is one of the most important and effective tools the supervisor can use, and keeping lines of communication open between staff, teachers, and parents can help create more trust and openness in the school, and with all participants.

It is a given that all teachers and participants may not appreciate or even welcome the changes necessary to open up and develop amicable communication between everyone in…. [read more]

Differential Instruction Techniques Term Paper

… Education

Over the last several years, a wide variety of strategies have been introduced that are designed to improve the total amounts of learning comprehension inside the classroom. For the most part, these ideas have failed because they did not focus on specific areas that will improve individual learning comprehension. To address these challenges, many educators have been turning to differentiated instruction. This is when they will focus on using a variety of tools in order to reach out to a larger demographic of students. To fully understand how these concepts can be implemented in conjunction with Library and Media personnel requires examining a number of areas. This will be accomplished by focusing on: the use, framework, experiences, changes, questions, leadership, morale,…. [read more]

Management of Adapted Physical Education Programs Research Paper

… Adapted Physical Education Programs

It has been an accepted truth for some time that physical activity is beneficial for all children at all levels. This includes children with mild to severe physical and mental challenges. The challenge for Adapted Physical Education (APE) teachers is, however, to provide all children with the optimal level of physical activity during APE instruction. This is true in both inclusive and segregated educational environments, since few children with disabilities have the same needs when it comes to physical eduction. The aim of the study conducted by Klavina (2008) was therefore to investigate how APE teachers could best serve all the students in their classes. To do this, a comparison was made between teacher directed and peer instructions for students with…. [read more]

Distance Education in Assessing the Strengths Thesis

… Distance Education

In assessing the strengths and weaknesses of various forms of distance education and its progression from manually-oriented approaches to electronically-enabled teaching platforms, it is clear that Chere Campbell Gibson's vision of how information enables greater long-term learning is happening today. At the center of Gibson's vision of learning is the opportunity for students to get away from rote memorization and engage in problem solving through interdisciplinary experiences. Ultimately technology can be an enabler of greater learning and the potential of giving students the flexibility of creating knowledge as well, and this is the catalyst of Chere Campbell Gibson's view of technology as an enabler of more effective teaching and learning. The intent of this paper is to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of…. [read more]

Pedagogic Model: Teaching Technology in Special Education Dissertation

… " (Dougiamas, 1998) Such trivial constructivism, though, is the bedrock from which Glaserfelds more radical constructivism springs. He continues to state that because knowledge is constructed by the learner, and because no two learners are the same, knowledge itself is not absolute. There is a degree to which knowledge is an illusion, and every individual constructs their own conception of reality which (while susceptible to the demands of "real" or normal reality) does not necessarily align with the normal paradigm. Constructivism does embrace this relativistic and existential approach to reality, but it also holds as a primary value the idea of constraint which enables the thinkers to participate in social interaction and mainstream reality. (Glasersfeld)

One interesting area of constructionist theory is…. [read more]

Classroom Environment Term Paper

… Third, setting limits specifies to the student what is expected, and praising the good behaviors reinforces compliance with those expectations. Fourth, sticking to those limits by taking appropriate actions when those demands are not met teach the students responsibility for their own actions. Finally, remembering to implement positive assertions such as personal attention when possible and necessary, positive parent teacher conferences, group rewards, and extended privileges can all help to establish control in a classroom setting (Allen, 1996).

It is clear by examining the research and techniques above that authoritarian styles of classroom supervision have definite benefits for grade school classrooms. By enforcing rules that are clear, concise, and fair, teachers such as myself are better able not only to control our classrooms, but to…. [read more]

Disrupting by Imagining: Rethinking Early Chapter

… Moreover, enthusiastic teachers will recruited as ambassadors to share their experiences with others.


Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: the exercise of control. New York: Freedom.

Brophy, J.E. (2004). Using video in teacher education. San Diego, CA: Elsivier.

Copa, A., Lucinski L., Olsen, E, & Wollenburg, K. (1999). Promoting professional and organizational development: A reflective practice model. Zero to Three, 20(1), 3-9.

Cross, N. (2011). Coaching: Seven reasons to go to the tape. ASCD Express, 7(1).

Gilkerson, L. & Shaamoon-Shanok, R. (2000). Relationships for growth: Cultivating reflective practice in infant, toddler, and preschool programs. In J.D. Osofosky & H.E. Fitzgerald (Eds), WAIMH handbook of infant mental health, (vol. 2, pp. 33-81). New York: John Wiley.

Lundeberg, M., Koehler, M.J., Zhang, M., Karunaratne, S., McConnell, T.J., &…. [read more]

Formative Assessments Popham Essay

… Formative assessments are typically more valuable because they allow both student and teach to "check" for understanding and adapt accordingly.

Fisher 2 - Checking for understanding allows the instructor to find out what background knowledge students bring to the classroom, what they know during and after a lesson, if they are understanding the lesson, and models appropriate questioning methods that may be translated into learning opportunities. Understanding by design approaches a learning target backwards -- what is the outcome, goal or object for student learning; then plan the instructional methods accordingly.

Fisher 3 -- In a differentiated classroom, the learning targets, curriculum, and even subject focus are alignted to the specific needs of the student or learner. Checking for understanding is critical if targets are…. [read more]

Developmental History of Training in the United States and Europe Thesis

… ¶ … Sleignt's Assertions Regarding Education and Training.

Sleight asserts that "training is different from education."

What is your response to this statement?

Sleight argues that training is different from education by saying that training teachers a person to perform a specific task while education involved teaching others a more general instruction in history and knowledge. At first, this statement strikes me as untrue as I think of my educational experiences in which I have learned a specific task, especially quantitative tasks such as performing a certain type of math technique. After reading Sleight, however, I understand how different training is from education. Education requires prerequisites that training does not such as the desire to learn comprehensive facts and histories and how to apply them.…. [read more]

Paraprofessional Supervision Thesis

… Paraprofessional Supervision

McKenzie, a., & S. Lewis. (2008). The role and training of paraprofessionals who work with students who are visually impaired. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 102(8), 459-471. Retrieved September 3, 2009, from Research Library. (Document ID: 1560016031).

As the number of paraprofessionals serving in America's schools has increased, troubling questions have emerged regarding their supervision and training, particularly in regards to special needs students. The article entitled "The role and training of paraprofessionals who work with students who are visually impaired" from the Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, surveyed teachers of students with visual impairments from 27 states and paraprofessionals of visually impaired students from 19 states. 45.5% of the survey population was from California, Florida, Georgia, and Texas. While NCLB…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.