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Intelligence Analyst - Policy Maker White Paper

… The domestic and foreign policy arenas must be well-known to analysts as intelligence with high levels of policy utility cannot be crafted in a segregated environment. Bob Gates declarative[footnoteRef:6] bears repeating here: [5: Ibid.] [6: Ibid., p. 7. As cited in Davis.]

Unless intelligence officers are down in the trenches with the policymakers, understand the issues, and know what U.S. objectives are, how the process works, and who the people are, they cannot possibly provide either relevant or timely intelligence that will contribute to better-informed decisions.[footnoteRef:7] [7: Ibid., p. 7, Quotation attributed to Bob Gates. ]

Policy utility depends on analysis customization which, though it is disparaging referred to as politicization, is a necessary and professional approach to intelligence. The goal is to accomplish customization…. [read more]

Intelligence Surveillance Policies and Procedures Thesis

… Intelligence/Surveillance Policies & Procedures

After the tragedy of September 11 attacks on Pentagon and World Trade Center, the National Security Agency (NSA) was given authority to listen to all kinds of communications between those U.S. residents who are suspected to have links to Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups around the world. It was assumed that by tapping their communication American intelligence community can efficiently detect and deter terror attacks. The Congress also provided the U.S. president legal coverage to pursue American enemies, disregarding all preceding intelligence and surveillance acts such as Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act or Title III of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act (Donohue, 2006).

It is noteworthy that previous U.S. presidents also have used and enjoyed such powers and…. [read more]

Intelligence Policy Term Paper

… Intelligence Policy

Political factors that shape contemporary debates over intelligence policy, effectiveness, and accountability

Achieving a successful policy in a country is not an easy task. In the United States, there are many political challenges facing the intelligence community. They include the public lacking confidence in the ability of agency performing its tasks competently and legally to the satisfaction (Tocqueville, Mansfield, & Winthrop, 2002). From this perception, the intelligence policy reforms to be implemented are left out as a responsibility of the intelligence community alone. Agents from the Congress and the executive branch will also have an opportunity to address these issues. However, the intelligence community has been enacting some changes to adapt to the demands arising from the effects of the Cold War. For…. [read more]

Intelligence Community Many Divergent Global Term Paper

… Closer ties between schools and the intelligence community are attractive in this respect. Careerists may profit from excellent chances by investing in different sections and nongovernmental institutions including those in finance and commerce. Concentration on long-term estimates of familiar subjects and wide patterns must be minimized because of the dwindling client interest and the low comparative advantage of the intelligence group in this domain (Raskin, 2009). Such gauges should be short, written by people, and have sources recognized where they prompt major conclusions. Territories of consensus and contradiction alike ought to be highlighted in team projects. The intelligence community may also make greatest utilization of open sources. However, it must not turn into an all-purpose source of data or research organization for either the Congress…. [read more]

Intelligence Community the History Essay

… Intelligence Community

The history of deception and intelligence is deeply seated within the American way of life and the roots of democracy. The creation of the republic which began with a declaration of independence from a tyrant monarch gave birth to the institution that is protected by intelligence gathering techniques and operations.

Since that time, enemies of the state have existed and attempted to infiltrate the American way of life through a variety of means. Each actor appears to be attempting to influence the political structure. Angevine, R.(2004) wrote "the importance of military intelligence has long been a matter of debate. More than two millennia ago, the Chinese general and military theorist Sun Tzu asserted that secret operations are essential in war, yet the term…. [read more]

Intelligence Pathologies Term Paper

… Intelligence Pathologies

The Church Committee Investigations which began in 1974 after the Watershed Scandal in President Nixon's administration found that intelligence agencies had unlimited executive power. The committee found that intelligence agencies abused this power and harassed and disrupted targeted groups and individuals, spied on citizens, assassination plots, manipulation and infiltration of businesses and media. Recommendations made by the Church Committee in the 1970s concerning intelligence agencies have been overlooked. As President Nixon's administration gave more executive power to intelligence agencies during his reign, so did President Bush. Intelligence agencies acquired executive authority after 9/11 are founded on the rhetoric of the war on terrorism, finding weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and identifying the link between Iraq and Al-Qaida. The agencies have carried out…. [read more]

Intelligence Counter-Terrorism Protection Literature Review

… Intelligence & Counterterrorism

The intelligence community and the changes in counterterrorism tactics in the past decade have been outstanding examples of fundamental change in both the direction and the mindset of America's defensive forces. Several journal outlets have shaped the value of these strategies since the September 11th attacks, and academics and private individuals alike have had valuable input through the last decade in the arena of intelligence, counterterrorism, and protection in their suggestions and critiques published in the journals International Security, Foreign Affairs, and the Middle East Journal. These three journals each have their own audiences, writers, editorial boards, biases, and agendas, which will allow for the analysis of different research methodologies and conclusions based on varying audiences and establishments.

In Thomas Hegghammer's, 'The…. [read more]

Intelligence Testing Few Concepts Research Paper

… S. soldiers during World War I). Tests such as the earliest versions of the Stanford-Binet "measured only two domains: linguistic/verbal and spatial/mathematical reasoning, revealing the bias that human intelligence resides only in these two areas. Gardner wryly maintains that this narrow concept of intelligence befits the attributes of a 'law professor' and not much else" (Helding 2009). The general factor of intelligence theory does not account for the social need for individuals with a wide range of abilities in a society. It devalues the gifts of many intelligent individuals whose strengths do not lie in the domains prioritized in intelligence tests.

Critics of Gardner's theory state that it is too broad, and virtually anything can be designated as 'an intelligence' under his rubric, including "emotional…. [read more]

Central Intelligence Agency (Cia) Essay

… This information is then given to the policy makers. It is, however, important to know that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) does not make the policies. It just provide the policy makers with relevant information and it is, then, the responsibility of the agencies such as, the State Department and Department of Defense, to formulate the policies that may benefit the United States of America in the best possible way. ("What we do," 2007)

Role of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in Combating International Terrorism

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) provides all possible assistance to the government of the United States of America in fighting the international terrorist threats. It provides the government with relevant information regarding the international terrorist groups. In addition to that,…. [read more]

Intelligence and Security Agencies Work Essay

… ¶ … intelligence and security agencies work closely with decision makers, or should they be insulated from them?

Intelligence and security agencies verses decision-makers

The growing trends in the international security platforms continue to warrant increasingly comprehensive security details all over the world. Countries are in the run towards securing their sovereignty and ensuring the safety of their resources, land and people. It is not something of the recent as over the years, since the inception of revolution, which saw the age of colonization and struggle for independence, countries still had their security detail, responsible for maintaining order within the country and securing its borders and establishing the sovereignty of the nation (Great Britain, 2010, p. 370). These organized groups of people that had the…. [read more]

Intelligence and Politics Origins and Reasons Book Review

… Intelligence and Politics

Origins and Reasons of Intelligence Intervention in Policy -- Uri Bar-Joseph

The salient question raised by Uri Bar-Joseph in his book Origins and Reasons of Intelligence Intervention in Policy, has to do with intelligence professionals interfering with -- or otherwise being allowed to have enormous influence over -- foreign policy decisions made by political leaders. Bar-Joseph's book also deals with political leaders who use intelligence-gathering experts -- and their findings -- to formulate personal agenda-advancing policies in a way that is an anathema to good government. This paper reviews and critiques Bar-Joseph's book -- as well as his 2009 article in Political Science Quarterly -- and provides scholarly sources as additional perspectives on what Bar-Joseph asserts and documents.

Moreover, there are arguments…. [read more]

Intelligence Agencies Term Paper

… Intelligence Agencies

What exactly is an Intelligence Agency? It is an agency that is responsible for gathering information about an enemy of any kind, and assimilating this information in such a way that it would be useful to them in their fight against the enemy. One of the more famous Intelligence Agencies of the world is the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America. This is an independent agency that the government of the United States which is charged with the specific responsibility of gathering and collecting information about intelligence as well as counter-intelligence activities that are taking place outside of the country. This is generally done with the specific permission and approval of the National Security Council.

The types of intelligence agencies…. [read more]

Homeland Security Intelligence Term Paper

… Reward provisions, when included in the policy framework may encourage officials to stay more alert than their usual level and do something good for homeland.

It is assumed that all officials belonging to various institutes will be performing their duty and may come across the disturbing news with certain delay if it is not communicated by the officials of other authority. There can be coercive measures to force the officials report the issue which does not belong to their domain. The coercive measures can be based on certain parameters, like presence of officials in the area or witness to suspected activity. However, it is more likely that this initiative will discourage officials from focusing on their own functions and they will be more inclined towards…. [read more]

Intelligence Cuba, Intelligence, and the Cold War Research Proposal

… Intelligence

Cuba, Intelligence, and the Cold War

Intelligence is very important to the military and also to the safety of U.S. civilians. As such, it has been used for hundreds of years to try to protect people and find out what other countries and organizations were doing. Two of the most important topics for intelligence in the past involved Cuba, and they were the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis. The intelligence aspects of these events must be addressed in order to show how intelligence works and does not work when used to its fullest extent, and how it sometimes fails even if all precautions against that are taken.

Intelligence can play a critical role in the strategic interests of the U.S.,…. [read more]

Intelligence... Choose Either of the 3 Questions Essay

… Intelligence... choose either of the 3 questions you wish

What must be done to improve the U.S. National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) process?

"National Intelligence Estimates (NIEs) are the IC's [intelligence community's] most authoritative written judgments on national security issues. NIEs usually provide information on the likely course of future events and highlight the implications for U.S. policymakers.[footnoteRef:1]" the process of the National Intelligence Council (NIC) begins when "senior civilian and military policymakers" request an NIE on a particular topic.[footnoteRef:2] the NIC consults the sixteen Intelligence Council (IC) members. They draft a concept paper for 'terms of reference' (TOR) "The TOR defines the key estimative questions, determines drafting responsibilities, and sets the drafting and publication schedule" of the final product.[footnoteRef:3] the composition of the final report…. [read more]

Intelligence Unit Memo Police Chief Essay

… From a functional and support viewpoint, an intelligence unit would be the central hub of information regarding criminal activity, the analysis of patterns, and the repository of information from sources, national data bases, or other credible law enforcement sources. As an integrated department, it should have a reporting structure that allows its mission to actively gather and obtain information regarding criminal conduct that is either current, ongoing, or potential (Gaines & Worrall, 2010).

Structure and Size of Unit (Research Proposal) -- There are a number of structural templates that could easily be applied to the local needs. First, the unit should be set up based on not only budgetary concerns, but actual department needs. At a minimum, there would be a Manager Level (Lieutenant or…. [read more]

Intelligence the First Step in Identifying Research Paper

… Intelligence

The first step in identifying and updating the intelligence requirements that must be answered in order for operational personnel to refine a Noncombat Evacuation Plan (NEO) for a future contingency in the Democratic Republic of Congo is contextualizing this plan according to the desired objectives, the means to achieve these objectives, and the hierarchical structure of both ends and means that will characterize the actual planning and execution of any possible noncombat evacuation operation. While every evaluation of a preexisting noncombatant evacuation plan using the Strategies-to-Task (STT) paradigm likely need not consider the entire chain of command when addressing the need for updated intelligence, for the purposes of this exercise, it is useful to start at the top, if only to highlight the top-down…. [read more]

Intelligence After World War II Term Paper

… intelligence after World War II and during the emergence of the Cold War. Specifically, it will discuss the changes in mission, scope, organization, resources, and technology to address perceived national security concerns in the Cold War. U.S. intelligence gathering underwent a reformation after the end of World War II. New technologies made intelligence gathering more efficient and differences with the Soviet Union and others made in even more necessary. All of this combined to make U.S. intelligence more effective, more accurate, and more powerful, a trend that continues today. The Cold War helped create the modern U.S. intelligence system, and so, in effect, the Cold War helped give the intelligence agencies the scope of power and technology they have today.

The modern intelligence gathering agencies…. [read more]

Policy Analysis: IT Policy Thailand Advancement Essay

… Policy Analysis: IT Policy Thailand

Advancement in science and technology in articulation in the field of information and communication technology (ICT) has a very important role all through the world. Currently science and technology are being applied in every sector that include education, health, industry, politics, society and military etc. (Petrides, 2000) Some important and significant developments in ICT were deeply observed in the past decades that ICT has an increasing effect on economic and social activities in the world. ICT has had a significant role in the economic growth for developed and developing countries in the recent years. Many development strategies have mostly focused on pursuing economic strategies and policies that seek to promote a more attractive environment for the ICT industry. Development strategies…. [read more]

Policy Analysis -- Gang Activity Research Paper

… Researchers reached to three conclusions at the end of this exercise. Firstly, approximately 8 out of each 10 cities had been noted to experience gang homicide cases on a frequent basis. Secondly, the pattern of gang homicide cases in these cities was experiencing an increasing curve allowing the problem to grow further and getting into the roots of the city. Thirdly, around 20-40% of all homicide cases pertained to gang killing in the two largest cities. These cities comprised 70% of the total population selected for the analysis (Howell et al., 2011).

The study revealed that gang activity has prevailed throughout the nation. It was not just confined to the State of New York. The presence of gangs in these regions raises doubts over the…. [read more]

Foreign and Domestic Intelligence Term Paper

… Foreign and Domestic Intelligence

The intelligence system of the United States is the most capable one assembled in the history of man. This intelligence community (IC) has undergone reforms since 2005 after President Bush signed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act. However, transformations of analytical initiatives have constantly reduced the barriers between individuals and organizations across the IC and have prioritized missions effectively. A window of opportunity was evident in the 1990s that reexamined the existing structures and processes of intelligence. Emphasis for the intelligence community included, downsizing, streamlining, and consolidating, which forced them to prioritize on resources scarce to the environment. Members of Congress, think-tank analysts, and executive branch senior officials are a community growing interest of the U.S. government organization on how…. [read more]

US Intelligence Thesis

… Intelligence Community: A History of Reactionary Reform

The attacks on the United States on September 11th 2001 revealed a stunning set of shortcomings both in terms of the nations security and with respect to the reliability of its Intelligence Community. Indeed, it has been a popular refrain that the breaches which revealed such cataclysmic shortcomings in our national security system as occurred on 9/11 were accommodated by massive intelligence failings. In particular, this is an idea which the Bush Administration had expressed with its typical swagger, propagated the notion that the CIA and the FBI shared blame for declining to act on intelligence regarding a possible terrorist activity surge. Even further, it was determined by the White House that it was the very structure of…. [read more]

U.S. Intelligence Community Essay

… The pathologies discuss fit perfectly with the institutional behavior model defined by Selznick.

Are all three themes applicable to the IC?

The three themes are applicable to the IC. In its entirety, this paper demonstrates the applicability of the three themes to the intelligence community. Based on the underlying premise of an external perspective of organizations, the themes are that the environment in which it is embedded accounts for IC outcomes and activities. While significant emphasis has been put on environmental impacts on organizational structures, some theoretical emphasis has been put on the importance of the environment (Banner & Gagne?, 2006).

The contributions of the intelligence community stem from its environment, which is largely dependable. Therefore, issues confronting the U.S. intelligence community cannot be solved…. [read more]

Crime and Intelligence Analysis Term Paper

… Whereas the crime analyst went well with the policing department, the intelligence analyst goes well with the homeland security ideas. This is because a crime analyst usually serves in a more local capacity, whereas the intelligence analyst, as seen from the definitions above, is most likely to serve in a national and international capacity. For this reason, this role will be analyzed further below.

There are varying opinions on what makes up the analytic or intelligence community today, especially at high governmental levels. The reason for this is that this community is built upon many strata of more inferior positions, but all of which supply the individual with valuable information in order to carry out the task of gathering intelligence and utilizing it for the…. [read more]

Intelligence Failures Research Paper

… The Central Intelligence Agency was created in the wake of WWII and saw a further diffusion of power within the intelligence community itself. This agency made its bones as a force behind the cold war and was central in the conducting of those operations. The CIA consistently overestimated future Soviet nuclear capabilities with far reaching political consequences. It is now understood that the Soviet nuclear arsenal was not much of a threat and innumerable amount of resources were wasted during this time because of this error. Gusterson (2010) injects a substantial opinion about the misguiding of this time when he wrote " he tells us that their destructiveness has been exaggerated; that the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were of marginal importance in ending World…. [read more]

Outsourcing U.S. Intelligence Assessing Case Study

… Outsourcing U.S. Intelligence

Assessing the Implications and Potential for Improving

The nature of foreign policy and the many global conflicts that fuel its nature in the 21st century has outstripped the United States' ability to effectively anticipate and thwart threats arising in nations that are relatively unknown. Compounding the nature of these more complex, oblique and difficult threats and developments to track using traditional U.S. intelligence methods is the continual reduction in U.S. budgets for staffing intelligence-gathering agencies and organizations (Krishnan, 2011). This two primary factors and a myriad of others have led to the en masse hiring of outsourcing firms globally to manage U.S. intelligence aggregation, analysis, strategy development, planning and executing of special operations and long-term strategic planning that are influencing U.S. foreign…. [read more]

Domestic Intelligence Agency the Necessity Research Paper

… "

Such a pool of recruits limits the timeframe that would be needed in establishing a new agency by widening the prospects of potential agents. The ability to appeal to individuals willing to assist in intelligence work and nothing else could greatly reduce the time it takes to gather, train, and put in the field willing and ready applicants.

What Miller fails to consider is the fact that the FBI, in spite of its new reshaping, still focuses on a variety of missions for a variety of purposes. It is governed by a multi-varied objective, which is burdened by several missions -- none of which is actually "led" by intelligence-gathering forces.

The Bureau may be contrasted with the UK's intelligence-gathering agency MI5. The general idea…. [read more]

Counterterrorism and Intelligence Framework Terrorism Essay

… The use of floating blimps, CCTVs, eyes on ground, and close ties with foreign police departments, is all technology formed in the past decade that has enhance U.S. intelligence. (Masters, J, n.d.)

American counterterrorism can also be improved with three specific non-agency related policy recommendations. The first is successfully closing off the gaps in the border between the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. The ease in which individuals are able to traverse the expanse of land between the U.S. And Mexico is alarming, to say the least. Even with the 600-mile wall that has been built, a massive portion of the dangerous land between the two nations is still inhabited each year by those looking for higher wages and a higher standard of living. These borders…. [read more]

National Intelligence Strategy Essay

… Therefore, the intelligence community has to develop, sustain, and be accessible to expertise across the nation. NIS proposed the promotion of a deeper cultural understanding, scientific and technological knowledge, and better language proficiency by the intelligence community. It can also be seen in the application in the war to reclaim Afghanistan and its people. The sole responsibility of identifying the existing gaps in the area, region, or expertise was to be with the Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Analysis.

From a strategic intelligence perspective, these Mission objectives are the correct ones to be pursued with the introduction of a few other details. According to strategic intelligence, which involves the collection, processing, analysis, and dissemination of intelligence, the mission objectives have incorporated all these to…. [read more]

Is Intelligence Reform Working? Essay

… Intelligence Reform

Following the terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001, calls arose for a dramatic reformation of the American intelligence superstructure, in response to the perceived failures of communication and investigation that contributed to the success of the attacks. These calls for reform ultimately found an outlet in the form of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (IRTPA), which sought to streamline and organize American's intelligence efforts in order to make up for perceived failures of the CIA and FBI to share information effectively in the years and months leading up to the September 11th attacks. In some cases, the changes instituted by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act were born out of recommendations suggested by the 9/11 Commission, the Congressionally-mandated…. [read more]

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