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Comparison of Evolution and Intelligent Design Essay

… ¶ … Evolution is a "Scientific Theory" and "Intelligent Design" Is Not While the debate over evolution versus intelligent design continues, the fact remains that intelligent design is still being taught in some public schools in the United States in spite of the Supreme Court's decision in 1987 that the practice was unconstitutional (Vitaska 25). Formerly termed "creationism" or even "creation science," the concept of intelligent design touches on the very fabric of humanity's belief in an Almighty and the hereafter, and, given that nearly one-third of all Americans believe in the literal word of the Bible and almost one-half believe that modern humans and the universe were created just 5,000 years ago (Vitaska 25), many are therefore reluctant to criticize intelligent design for lacking…. [read more]

Intelligent Design, Evolution Term Paper

… Intelligent Design, Evolution


One of the major issues concerning evolution and speciation -- or, rather, how the flora and fauna that we see around us came to be, starting from species that are largely now extinct -- is the process or mechanism by which they occurred.

Intelligent Design advocates believe that the evolved species that we see on earth today is the result of creationism. This means that some "intelligent" cause was responsible for what we observe, which were not a process of natural selection. That everything we see today was created at the beginning of time, simultaneously, as written in the bible. To ascribe a scientific side to it, intelligent design theorists believe that a Christian God is the Intelligent…. [read more]

Intelligent Design Man Essay

… " In other words, there are elements of "intelligent design" that are not very intelligent, and thus, in their eyes, the theory totally collapses.

Carter and Welsh (2010, p. 48) note creationism is still taught in many school systems, particularly in traditionally conservative areas such as the South and Midwest. Science teachers in Dover, Pennsylvania, took their case to the Supreme Court several years ago when the school board demanded they teach intelligent design as an alternative to evolution. Clearly, the long-standing debate is not over and is likely to continue into the foreseeable future as scientists and non-scientists try to reconcile God and our beginnings. For some, the distinction is clear, but for many others, including scientists, the lines are blurred. One wonders if…. [read more]

Theory X And Theory Y Essay

… Of the two workplaces, Google sounds by far the more pleasant environment in which to work. It also sounds like a workplace where the individual employee is nurtured, and encouraged to realize his or her own personal growth as well as serve the needs of the company. However, the success of Apple shows why the concept of Theory X has proved to be so durable, even though McGregor and others have been such staunch proponents of Theory Y in the workplace. Both Apple and Google are flourishing today. However, according to McGregor's analysis, Jobs' ability to lead with his charisma was a relative anomaly and the Google model of organizational design is more likely to be the way of the future. Of Job's Theory X…. [read more]

Teaching Theories and an Ethical Nursing Situation Term Paper

… Teaching Theories and an Ethical Nursing Situation

The purpose of this paper is to apply a learning theory to an actual educational case study and scenario. The situation must be seen from the point-of-view of the nursing student scenario. The situation must be challenging to handle. This includes being able to identify events and critical indicators of the scenario that made the case challenging to the student. These indicators may include: a student's developmental state, education level, socioeconomic standing, cultural status or any personal, family factors that may influence the situation.

Literature suggests that these indicators apply in situations of an ethical nature and the challenge remains to make the right moral decision. Nurses are faced with moral and ethical issues every day especially when…. [read more]

Sports Management Facilities as a Sports Events Research Paper

… Sports Management


As a sports events organizers there is a lot of responsibility that is involved. First would be able to find out the condition of the facilities being used for the baseball game. It would be to look for the best baseball fields. It would be important to make sure that facilities and cleaned for the use and also that they are safe. For example, the benches that the fans will be sitting on have to be secure a clean it there is tall grass on the baseball field. Them it will be my job to make sure that Th baseball field is manicured. The next thing to do would be to make sure everything is prepared such as the preparation (for instance…. [read more]

Intelligent Design and Evolution Theory Essay

… Intelligent Design vs. Evolution

Arguing for Intelligent Design

Intelligent Design (ID) is a process that advocates believe explains the features of the universe. In the theory of ID, the features of the universe had to have been created by an intelligent source, "…not [by] an undirected process such as natural selection," according to the Center for Science & Culture. By analyzing the components of a system, a scientist can theorize as to whether the "natural structures" seen in the universe are the product of natural law, pure chance, or intelligent design -- or perhaps a combination of all three. Scientists working with the ID theory are always searching for objects that have similar properties as other objects found that do indeed provide information on their…. [read more]

Theories of Self Essay

… Human beings have always been consumed by a drive to define themselves in relation to some criteria. The present work is focused on analyzing theories of self in society, with special emphasis on intelligence theories and those that are insightful of the learning process.

In the course of establishing who they are exactly, individuals most frequently make use of some type of social activity for the purpose of unveiling and expressing the self. In this sense, people employ certain jobs, hobbies, arts, sporting activities, and forms of education that are meant to act as continuous expressions of who they are. Thus, the search for self is dependent on action, and it is the various activities that reveal who people are, through the talents and capacities…. [read more]

Proponents of Intelligent Design and the Supporters Essay

… ¶ … Proponents of Intelligent Design and the Supporters of Modern Evolutionary theory

The question of how life was created is one which has proven extremely tense throughout the duration of modern arguments. What was behind the design of the universe? What was responsible for the way the world has turned out? Such questions reefer to the debate between modern researchers in regards to the nature of the evolution of the modern world. Theorists who posit the idea of Intelligent Design believe that the world is much too complex to have been randomly allocated through successful mutations, as evolutionists believe. These thinkers believe that some intelligent being had to have been responsible for satisfying the exact needs of specific species within concentrated habitats. Yet, evolutionists…. [read more]

Natural Selection and Intelligent Design Term Paper

… Intelligent Design

When Charles Darwin made his trip to the Galapagos Islands and wrote on the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, other theories had already been suggested to explain the variation in life forms. About 100 years before Darwin was born, English theologian William Paley introduced the now memorable watchmaker analogy. If a pocket watch is found in a field, Paley wrote in 1802, it is immediately inferred that it was produced not by natural processes but rather by a designing human intellect. Likewise, he reasoned, the natural world contains abundant evidence of a supernatural creator. This became the theory of intelligent design (ID) (Zimmer 12). It differed from fundamentalist creationism, because it accepted that some species do change, although not by…. [read more]

Intelligent Design. Intelligent Design Is a Theory Term Paper

… ¶ … intelligent design. Intelligent design is a theory that has been posited in support of the Biblical notion of creation; that God actually had a hand in creating life, the planet Earth for mankind and other forms of life to inhabit, and the universe itself. The philosophy of creation stands in direct opposition or conflict to the scientific theory posited by Charles Darwin, the theory of evolution, which takes a view opposite that of creation, contending that all life on earth evolved from simpler forms of life. In recent years, in what has been referred to by experts as "new age" creationism or mysticism (Young, M., and Taner, E., 2004, p. 177). The different philosophies represent two schools of thought; faith, for which there…. [read more]

Only a Theory Evolution and the Battle for America's Soul by Kenneth R. Miller Research Paper

… Miller Evolution

Miller's Theory of Evolution

Perhaps most significantly among thinkers on the subject of 'natural selection', Darwin's seminal works touched inherently upon so many disciplines as to bear applicable interpretations in nearly any context. His update of the evolutionary principles which preceded him brought to the fore of academic discourse a widespread reconsideration of the nature of life. Particularly, "his famous synthesis of the observations made during the voyage of the Beagle forms the pillar on which our modern view of biology is formed." (Balaram, 1191) Still, from yet another angle of consideration regarding Darwin's view, the assumed sanctity of human life was here coming under speculation, with his philosophy offering the interpretable notion that war, aggression and other factors which tend to impose…. [read more]

Employee Motivation in a Pcba Contract Manufacturing Dissertation

… Employee motivation in a PCBA contract manufacturing industry -- an example of Plexus

Today many organizations are going through change due to globalization and ever changing technology. Organizations have to cope with these changes by broadening their networks, introducing new systems at work place, hiring new staff or other many such type of changes. These changes influence workplace atmospheres as well as existing employees and they feel it difficult to cope with the changes. Current paper is a case study of Plexus Company a part of the PCB contract company. Plexus organization went through change as its widened its network and as a result workplace atmosphere was affected. The researcher explored the change affect in the company at operational level by exploring the factors of…. [read more]

Pedagogic Model: Teaching Technology in Special Education Dissertation

… " (Dougiamas, 1998) Such trivial constructivism, though, is the bedrock from which Glaserfelds more radical constructivism springs. He continues to state that because knowledge is constructed by the learner, and because no two learners are the same, knowledge itself is not absolute. There is a degree to which knowledge is an illusion, and every individual constructs their own conception of reality which (while susceptible to the demands of "real" or normal reality) does not necessarily align with the normal paradigm. Constructivism does embrace this relativistic and existential approach to reality, but it also holds as a primary value the idea of constraint which enables the thinkers to participate in social interaction and mainstream reality. (Glasersfeld)

One interesting area of constructionist theory is…. [read more]

Change Management -- a Case Term Paper

… For instance, lack of a communication between each person in the customer relationship chain can cause a system to paint an incomplete picture of the customer.

Poor communication can result in technology being implemented without proper support or buy-in from users (Deck, 2001). For example, if a sales team does not believe in the system's benefits, they may fail to input the type of demographic data that necessary for the program's success.

One Fortune 500 company failed to successfully implement a CRM system because its sale force resisted its efforts to share customer data.

Theoretical Perspectives, Concepts and Practices Involved in Implementing a CRM

In today's global economy, it has become increasingly difficult to manage customer relationships in any type of business. For telecommunications companies,…. [read more]

Service Theory Design Research Paper

… Although traditionally it was long assumed that perception is primarily a bottom-up phenomenon and insulated from any top-down influence of higher-order processes, it is becoming increasingly clear that perception arises instead from both bottom-up and top-down influences. We argue, therefore, that our prior knowledge and expectations about people, our stereotypes, and our affective and motivational states may all dynamically interact with incoming sensory information in the perceptual process to shape person construal .

Intelligent virtual agents (IVAs) (Rodrigues, de Lima Bicho, Paravisi, et. al., 2010) are virtual characters that try to mimic several characteristics of real humans, such as interaction with other agents and the environment, and that present some level of autonomy. Within the context of IVAs, the development of easy and interactive manners…. [read more]

Dennett Daniel Dennett Is an American Professor Term Paper

… Dennett

Daniel Dennett is an American professor of philosophy, and a renowned writer. His research in the field of philosophy largely revolves around the philosophy of the mind and philosophy of science. Daniel Dennett coined in the term of "Intentional System" to describe the mental properties of something with regard to their intentional behavior towards a system.

Dennett described the workings of the mind in the following words, in his book, the Intentional Stance; "Here is how it works: first you decide to treat the object whose behavior is to be predicted as a rational agent; then you figure out what beliefs that agent ought to have, given its place in the world and its purpose. Then you figure out what desires it ought to…. [read more]

Leadership Dear Customer Essay

… Reflective of a constant emphasis on transformational leadership, a recently submitted cover letter for a nursing supervisory position begins:

"My annexed resume is submitted for the position of 'Director of Nursing, Critical Care.' While the resume details my extensive qualifications, I appreciate this opportunity to speak pointedly about my exceptional capabilities for this position. Excellent patient care is the hallmark of my Nursing career and with or without the title of 'Director,' I have readily led, collaborated or followed as needed in my unflinching commitment to that ideal. As a result, in addition to the customary minimal qualifications, I possess a depth and breadth of outstanding skills that make me an exemplary candidate and I welcome 24-hour accountability to achieve system-wide excellence."

6. Transactional Theory…. [read more]

Diversification Portfolio Research Paper

… With diversification, in theory, although a portfolio might not be perfectly protected against a possible blow to one economic sector (such as investors who were not invested in real estate at all in 2008, for example), diversification ensures that even in the most unpredictable economic times there is the potential for some self-protection.

Another criticism of portfolio diversification is that it is not suitable for all investors. "While a given mix of investments may be appropriate for a child's college education fund," which is not expected to grow very much, "that mix may not be a good match for long-term goals, such as retirement or estate planning. Likewise, investors with large sums of money often require strategies designed to address more complex needs, such as…. [read more]

Maturationist, Constructivist, Environmentalist Theories Research Paper

Notably, Lev centered on the relationships between people and the context of socio-cultural through which people function and intermingle in collective experiences. With reference to Lev's theory, human beings employ apparatus that build up from culture such as writing, speech and their immediate social environments. Initially, children were known to develop apparatus in order to serve as social activities as well as means of communicating their needs. It is the belief of Lev that internalization of the apparatus prompted advanced thinking skills (Parke & Clarke-Stewart, 2010).

While most schools have conventionally considered instructionists or transmissionists model of teaching whereby teachers transmits knowledge to children, Lev's facilitated a context of learning where students play a dynamic function in learning.…. [read more]

Learning: Concepts and Theories Term Paper

… Here, the learner is constantly classifying objects and phenomenon and thus that object or phenomenon can be known through comparison of what is already known. Thus, the concept learning approach also taps into the developmental theories of Jean Piaget in his psychological development theories. Piaget presented the concept of learning as a comparison to other schemas within the young infants mind. Here, a new phenomenon would present itself, and the learner wither assimilates this new phenomenon into the already existing set of schemas, or accommodates what he or she knows to meet the new requirements of a new phenomenon that cannot be explained by the schemas already present (DeVries, 2005). This works with many other theories that state that the learner uses his or her…. [read more]

<Customer Inserts Instructor's Name Here Essay

… On the other hand, operational design refers to groundwork that lays all the moves in front of fellow team members who then add detail into the design. The biggest advantage of design is that it takes the forces step-by-step through the entire plan and makes them experience the scene unfold in front of them so that any loopholes in it can be caught and addressed. The design enables channeling of resources, skills and men in a timely and structured fashion, and makes the other team members aware on what their specific roles are. Moreover, it allows for a good evaluation of the execution and the plan so that variations can be noted, rectified and learnt from, to be borne in mind for the next level…. [read more]

Conflict Decision-Making and Organizational Design Term Paper

… Conflict, Decision-Making and Organizational Design

Conflict, Decision Making and Organizational Design

Conflict is particularly common in organizations and are among the major causes of poor performance by employees. This leads to low production by the organization. Therefore, the organization comes up with various ways of solving the conflicts and an example of these ways is negotiation: To confer with another person for the purpose of reaching to an agreement for an issue; also organize or bring about such a discussion. However, for negotiation to be effective, the conflicting parties must apply various negotiation strategies in order to come to an agreement. The most common negotiation strategies applied to address potential conflicts in the workplace mainly include:

Effective preparation: this mainly involves gathering adequate information about…. [read more]

Change Project Essay

… Members must be talented leaders with realistic sense of own to avoid egos, and avoid those that slither and destroy the union in form of snakes.

The third step is the development of a strategy and visions for the specific change. This implies the creation of a well-defined vision and strategy especially in the buy-in step when the project manager uses the expertise and leadership of other coalition members to create a vision and strategy for the project (Cameron & Green, 2012). Vision and strategic plans can arise from active participation of coalition members as they provide value to the decision-making process and from their sense of ownership. For vision to be created, change managers must lead the coalition team to adopt characteristics like desirability,…. [read more]

Concept of Disease a General Medical Practice and Homeopathic Medicine Perspective Term Paper

… ¶ … Disease: A General Medical Practice and Homeopathic Medicine Perspective

General Medicine Concepts of Disease

Homeopathic Medicine Concepts of Disease

The Concept of Disease: A General Medical Practice and Homeopathic Medicine Perspective

We shall find that, even when there is no clear differentiation of the leech from other members of society, mankind has theories of the causation of disease, carries out proceedings which correspond with those we call diagnosis and prognosis, and finally has modes of treatment which, even if they have little in common with our own remedies, nevertheless may be regarded as making up a definite system of therapeutics. - G. Elliot Smith, 1915

Most people today are familiar with dozens of conditions that are certain are diseases, such as influenza, chicken…. [read more]

Sociology: Changing Societies Book Report

… A union leader in Washington, D.C., isn't a miner, but miner's groups are his reference group because he identifies so strongly with their needs and aspirations.

Primary groups refer to groups where a person received his or her first important lessons about life and social realities - most often, a typical primary group is the family. Individuals develop their self-concepts and their sense of themselves in a primary group. In a secondary group, such as the HR department at work, a person is less emotionally connected, and feels less totally included in the group's values and actions. A secondary group allows for roles to be played in order to carry out that group's utilitarian functions, whereas in a primary group, one's role is pretty much…. [read more]

Operations Management Literature Review

… As Ming-Shan et al. determined; an agile manufacturing system allows the company an ability to produce products efficiently and to respond rapidly to changing market needs (p. 1107).

Responsiveness is the third word used throughout literature complementing the use of both flexibility and agility. Oftentimes studies will succeed in determining that agility and flexibility allows operations management to highest level of responsiveness to changing markets, global business environments, and changing customer needs and desires in an ever-increasing manner.

As one recent report concerning managers states; "we are organized so that the voices of its key customers can be heard, consolidated, and appropriately channeled for prioritization" (Siew Kien, Soh, Weil, 2010, p. 61). The reason behind such organization…prioritization of customer demands, or as the study also…. [read more]

Problem Solving Systems Thinking, Technology Essay

… , 2012; Funke, 2010; Smith & Lewis, 2011; Wolf & Mieg, 2010).

d. Different Approaches to Problem Solving

Following are some of the approaches to problem solving within organizations:


Brainstorming is referred to as the creative technique to generate new ideas and it is a group activity in which suggestions spark off other ideas. It can help in identification of issues along with the ways of tackling issues. It is important for wild ideas from team members or employees to be encouraged rather than being criticized (Sager, et al., 2012). It does not reduce the inhibitions in other team members or employees because it can enable the management to consider alternative ideas within efficient environment within an organization (Boje, et al., 2012).

SWOT Analysis…. [read more]

Public Policy Research Quantitative Inquiry A-Level Coursework

… Public Policy Research Quantitative Inquiry

Summary Problem Set #3

the Urban Institute's National Neighbourhoods Indicators Partnership

The two partners of the National Neighbourhoods Indicators Partnership chosen for the assessment here are: Atlanta Regional Commission and Neighbourhood Nexus. Both of these are situated in Atlanta and work towards building better and more cooperative communities.

After visiting the web domains of both these partners, there are some clear similarities and dissimilarities that one can see. Before we detail these aspects, it is important to note here that both these organizations seem to have taken a different approach to represent them in the online world. We will use the overall viewpoints presented by Tufte (2001) and Miller (2008) to analyze the representation of data and the organization that…. [read more]

Theories of Communication Term Paper

… Marshall McLuhan

Today, a large majority of people in the Western industrialized world take electronic media for granted. Stores such as Circuit City or Best Buy, where huge flat-screen TVs, cell phones, laptop computers, PalmPilots, etc., etc., etc. fill the aisles, have become as much a part of the culture as hamburgers and french-fries. Seniors receive e-mail photographs of their grandchildren, and children as young as ten years of age carry cell phones. A family who tried to live like the pioneers on a reality show was devastated because they did not have their entertainment and telecommunication vehicles. It is amazing to think of what has occurred in technology in such a short time. Just a few decades ago, the "media guru" Marshall McLuhan talked…. [read more]

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