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Intercultural Communication Refers to the Connection Essay

… Intercultural communication refers to the connection and interaction among people of different countries and cultures and their behaviors (Scribd 2013). It is now common experience that people of diverse cultures link up or are brought together by common interests like business and education. They bring their respective cultures, beliefs, lifestyles, economic resources and faiths into that link. The basic elements and root words are culture and communication. These and two others form what are called the building blocks of intercultural communication. The two others are context and power (Scribd).

The core concept in intercultural communication is culture (Scribd 2013). It is a system of information, beliefs and values used by society to relate with one another and with the world. That system or mechanism of…. [read more]

Communication Theory Research Paper

… Communication Theory (attribution Theory in Communication)

Communication process involves exchange of information between the sender and the receiver. The sender transmits a message while the receiver decodes the message sent. The key elements of myriad communication models are: the sender, the receiver, the message, the channel or the medium through which the message is conveyed, the context, noise/interference, and feedback (Dimbleby & Burton, 1998). Communication will be considered effective when the receiver fully understands the sender's message. Otherwise the noise that is found along the way shall be deemed to be distractive enough to hinder the effective passing of the message intended from the source to the receiver of the message.

The sender or the source traditionally initiates communication process in a business communication setting.…. [read more]

Intercultural Communications Evolution of New Multicultural Identities Term Paper

… Intercultural CommunicationS

Evolution of New Multicultural Identities:

As societies become more multicultural, new concepts of cultural identity evolve whenever assimilated immigrant groups congregate in specific regions and local neighborhoods. This phenomenon is a natural function of combining traditional cultural practices with local American customs as well as those of local communities. Over time, substantially different cultural components may evolve, even among people who originally shared the same heritage before emigrating to new countries. It is not unheard of for immigrant communities to form different communities in a new host country, purposefully, or to bring with them intercultural prejudice or antagonism that originated in their respective countries of origin. Many Chinese-

Americans and Philippine-Americans retain a certain amount of uneasiness around Japanese-Americans, even though very few…. [read more]

Intercultural Communications Failure: The Greek Debt Crisis Term Paper

… Intercultural Communications Failure: The Greek Debt Crisis

While geographers, until recently, were inclined to the divide the world into East and West, theorists of intercultural communication often conceive of the world's cultures in a slightly different fashion -- as high-context and low-context nations. "High-context refers to societies or groups where people have close connections over a long period of time," and are characterized by less verbally explicit means of communication. Low-context societies are made up of people with less secure ties of shorter duration (Beer 2003). "In these societies, cultural behavior and beliefs may need to be spelled out explicitly so that those coming into the cultural environment know how to behave" (Beer 2003). In general, Nordic and North American nations tend to be low-context…. [read more]

Interpersonal Communication Skills Essay

… Gender-based differences

Males and females, of all ages, communicate in fundamentally, and at times, frustratingly different, ways. Interestingly, men and women even listen differently (Hybels & Weaver, 2007). Also, gender influences the language style men and women utilize. As Hybels & Weaver (2007, pg. 124) note "Men are more likely to use report-talk, a language that maintains their status, demonstrates their knowledge and skills, and keeps them at the center of attention. In contrast, women are more likely to use rapport-talk, a language that leads to intimacy with others, establishes relationships, and compares experiences." This, in turn, can have a dramatic effect on communication goals, understanding needs, expressing feelings and a feeling of openness and connectedness between men and women.

Men and women gain and…. [read more]

Business Communication Across Cultures Essay

… The cultural information that people occupying those types of positions acquire proves invaluable and when done well result in positive results for their company.

Cross-cultural business communication is business communication among consumers or customers whose culture differs from that of the marketer's own culture in at least one fundamental aspect of cultural such as language, religion, social norms and values, education and living style. Cross-cultural business communication demands that firms be aware of and sensitive to cultural differences…Cross-cultural business communication requires that firms discover if markets are viable by including the study of the culture in which the company is going to do business in its business and marketing planning. To do this the firms should identify cultural factors that can be employed to support…. [read more]

Intercultural Film Analysis on Up Essay

… 14). Much over-simplification in the film is the natural result of the fact that Ryan has a side job as a motivational speaker, a profession that is built around placing a person's life in simplistic terms so that they will be motivated to take immediate action. However, there are also other instances of over-simplification. For example, in the scene in which Ryan meets with his sister's fiancee, he states that people need a co-pilot. Ryan's statement was delivered with good intentions (even though he did not even believe in the value of interpersonal relationships at the time in which he gave the advice), but it also does not recognize the fact that long-term relationships are beneficial to everyone, and that the matter requires more serious…. [read more]

Thai Culture and TESOL Essay

… English in Thailand

Teaching English as a foreign language is a difficult task in any culture. The nation of Thailand has a long history of attempting to guarantee that its citizens can speak English. There are many factors that influence the likelihood that individuals will learn English. In Thailand culture and language have greatly affected the ability of the education system to help students become proficient in the English language. Overall the research suggests that both culture and language can be impediments to learning English in Thailand. Although the presence of the English language has existed for quite some time in Thailand, the research suggests that cultural differences in Western and Eastern countries can be difficult to overcome. The research also seems to emphasize the…. [read more]

Intercultural and/or Cross-Cultural Communication Theories, Models Thesis

… Intercultural and/or cross-cultural communication theories, models, and/Or methodologies and a description of at least one research project or study for each theory chosen

Theories, models, and methodologies of face-negotiation and feminist communication theory

Saving face.' 'Face time.' Americans and other individuals from low-context Westernized countries are likely think about the metaphor of 'face' in terms of personally securing dignity and respect. They may think this notion of 'face' is part of a universal cultural vocabulary. However, 'Face - Negotiation Theory' as conceptualized by Stella Ting-Toomey, questions this notion by examining, "face" or "the way that we want others to see and treat us," as a culturally-bound concept (Whitham 1999). According to Ting-Toomey, Americans and other individuals from low-context cultures "equate the concept of face with…. [read more]

United Kingdom and Chinese Newspaper Essay

… The choice of words thus decreased the impact on damage for the readers while Chinese readers would get a more accurate picture of the consequences.

UK was slightly biased towards its coverage of BP oil spill for reasons mentioned above. China was more objective but still presented a clouded picture because of its own prejudices against the west and its age-old desire for world domination through imperialism. We do notice stereotypical depictions where China sees BP as the big bad global corporation, while UK sees it as a victim of America's unjustified vengeance. "There has been mounting concern at "anti-British" rhetoric coming from the White House, with Mr. Obama angrily denouncing BP as "British Petroleum" - which it has not been known as for 10…. [read more]

Teaching Methods and Intercultural Education Research Proposal


This work seeks to examine how intercultural approaches to teaching and learning might serve to contribute to New Learning for the 21st century in primary schools in Australia. Additionally this study intends to examine the role of education in improving relations between people across diversity and to improve equality, justice and freedom. This work will also give consideration to how intercultural education might be used and will examine possible links between intercultural education and other school-based approaches.

Multicultural -- term used to describe the cultural diversity nature of human society and which refers to the "elements of ethnic or national culture, but also includes linguistic, religious and socio-economic diversity.

Intercultural -- a dynamic concept…refers to evolving relations between cultural groups…has…. [read more]

Professional Communication and Cultural Sensitivity Essay

… Professional Communication: Cultural Sensitivity

The phrase cultural sensitivity represents the skills, understanding, protocols, and awareness which permit a system or someone to offer services across cultural lines in the most appropriate manner. It allows us to relate with understanding and respect individuals of other nationalities, races, religions, ethnic backgrounds, classes and many other groups in a way that acknowledges, values, and upholds their worth. Cultural sensitivity bears significance for many other reasons in the health care setting. Different cultures differ in their beliefs regarding the cause, avoidance, and treatment of sicknesses. The practices that individuals apply for maintenance of their health might be determined by these beliefs. Cultural outlooks could also influence the relationship with providers. We frequently interpret the others' conduct as being negative…. [read more]

Second Language Oral Production in High School Within the Context of CLIL Research Proposal


This study is motivated by theoretical and pedagogical interests: to inform instructional design intended to integrate language and content and to explore how form and meaning intersect in SLA (second language acquisition). Both interests draw on an extensive body of research that encompasses theory and practice underlying three different yet related frameworks and lines of inquiry: content-based language teaching, form-focused instruction and attention and awareness in SLA (second language acquisition). All three of these areas are linked by a concern with the intersection of form and meaning in second language classrooms. Content-based language instruction was originally inspired as an alternative to traditional approaches to language teaching that favored form over meaning. Form-focused…. [read more]

Management of Commination as a Result of Workforce Diversity Research Paper

… Workplace Diversity, Communication With Management

Problem Identification and background

One of the most crucial factors for any firm is its human capital, because it is the engine or rather the force that drives any organization. As a firm seeks to realize its goals and objectives, it requires individuals to run or manage other production factors. It is therefore very important for a firm to have in the right place, the right individual with the proper academic, social and professional skills for the functions and responsibilities that have to be handled. To achieve this, it is important that an organization selects from a wide source pool, and not to limit themselves to a certain group of people. Firms can achieve this by scouting for people from…. [read more]

Business Communication Relating Redundancies Check Your Email Research Proposal

… Business Communication Relating Redundancies

Check your email for salary news." The initial "business" message on May 30, 2003 to approximately 2500 employees of the Accident Group (TAG) advising them: "Check your email for salary news." beeped onto the workers' company mobile phones. The second message related the words introducing this study to the workers: "Urgent...." (Goodway and Padgham, 2003) Later, staff of the Accident Group received a third message from insolvency practitioners at accountants PricewaterhouseCoopers, administrator of Amulet Group, the Luxembourg-controlled parent of TAG. This message advised these workers to phone the head office.

This final business communication from the Accident Group read: "Any staff who have not received an official briefing over the future of the company should ring 0161-605-5966." (Goodway and Padgham, 2003)…. [read more]

Negotiating Over the Past Two Decades Term Paper

… Negotiating

Over the past two decades, technology and business have seen very radical changes. Globalization has become an accepted and even desirable phenomenon for businesses. Global communication has become a hundredfold simpler, cheaper and faster than it has been in the past. This has had implications not only for business, but also for culture. In terms of culture, the increased simplicity and immediacy of global communication has connected a variety of different cultures. This has worked together with global travel in order to connect vastly differing cultures. The resultant dilemma is, ironically, effective communication. Having developed for thousands of years without the benefit of today's global scale of communication, differing cultures have developed different systems of communication, ethics, negotiations, and business dealings. In today's fast-paced…. [read more]

Amadou Hampate Ba's Cultural and Religious Dialogue Research Proposal


The objective of this study is to examine how Amadou Hampate Ba uses stories as didactic tools on the mystical ways of the Tijanyya tradition. Amadou Hampate Ba was convinced that traditions could serve to assist Africans in discovering who they are in order to progress in new directions while retaining their identity. Didactic is stated to be an adjective which describes something that has been "designed or intended to teach; intended to convey instruction and information as well as pleasure and entertainment; making moral observations. " (Merriam-Webster Dictionary Online, 2009) Therefore, this study intends to examine how Amadou Hampate Ba uses the didactic in his works and oral transmission.


Amadou Hampate Ba, like Leopold Sedar Senghor,…. [read more]

Computers in the Classroom Term Paper

… Computers Classroom

An Analysis of the Benefits of Computers in the Classroom at the Elementary School Level: A Qualitative Study

The purpose of this paper is to examine computers in the classroom, particularly to determine whether or not computers in the classroom facilitate more rapid learning at the elementary school level. As technology continues to change the manner in which society operates, more and more technology is being adopted in non-traditional settings, including the classroom. Up until recently computers and technology were not yet widely adopted at all levels of the educational setting, particularly at the elementary level (Collis, et. al 1996). However more and more computers are being introduced even to children at the pre-school level (Collis, et. al, 1996) thus analysis of the…. [read more]

Leadership Skills Impact International Education Term Paper

… However, many people do not understand what leadership is and how it applies to the school environment. In their 1997 study of visionary companies, James Collins and Jerry Porras define leaders as people who "displayed high levels of persistence, overcame significant obstacles, attracted dedicated people, influenced groups of people toward the achievement of goals, and played key roles in guiding their companies through crucial episodes in their history."

This definition is very much in line with the definitions currently used for school leaders, although this definition has changed in recent years (Education Week, 2004). Until recent years, most research assumed that leadership did not have to come from the school principal (Riordan, 2003). The realization that improving instruction requires shifts in the behavior of school…. [read more]

Social Leader Performance Competency Research Proposal

… Additionally, social capital has an effect on the flow of information, the influence of said information, and its ability to be received by both individuals and groups alike (Parker, Halgin & Borgatti, 2015). As such, social capital has been linked to competitive advantage within an organization (Bolino et al., 2002).

The secondary theory for this study will be contingency theory of leadership (CTL). The second theory to be used within this study will be the contingency theory of leadership (CTL). A prominent theory in the field of leadership, CTL was established by Fielder in 1951 (Fiedler, 2015). The core premise of this inductive theory claims that there is no optimal path when organizing a corporation, managing employees, or guiding decisions. Instead, the…. [read more]

Belonging International Students and Web Research Proposal


This work reports a study in which 24 international students were interviewed in a research initiative that seeks to understand how international students adjust to the host culture and specifically how use of the Internet or Web assist them with this integration process. This work conducts an extensive review of literature in this area of study and examines the theoretical framework of what it means to 'belong' to a country or location. Research questions asked in this study are those of: (1) What role does Internet technology (Web 2.0) play in the international student's development and maintenance of a sense of belonging in a new home country? (2) What role does length of residence play in the international student's…. [read more]

Culture and Identity the Combined Structure Article

… ¶ … Culture and Identity


The combined structure of individual identity is a paramount or superior-ranking framework revolving around Erikson's paradigm of identity development and ambiguity as well as Marcia's (1966) identity status paradigm and the identity capital model (Cote, 1996). Particularly the concept of individual identity relates to possessing an established idea of self, which is inherently steady and sound (Erikson), which is premised on insightful commitments (Marcia) and which backs and fosters autonomous adult performance and incorporation into a certain adult society (Cote) (Schwartz, 2007a).

Thus, the individual identity structure is a higher ranking, multifaceted framework that contains components from Erikson's model, identity position and capital and formulates a model that adds more value altogether than the value taken from each of…. [read more]

Law of Attraction Metaphysical Thesis

… g. political views, nationality, religion, kinship). They measured this bias in four different circumstances: giving money in a dictator game, sharing an office, commuting, and working together. The first study presented the participants with hypothetical situations and asked them to respond. The second study was very similar, except that real money was used for the dictator game. The results of the studies are in line with SIT. People discriminated in favor of their in group regardless of which social identity was being addressed. This included religion and supports the tenet that people form social identities based upon religion.

Additionally, the studies found that people favored the in-group in all of the hypothetical situations. Finally, the authors were able to compare the levels of bias between…. [read more]

Managing Across Culture in Doing Business Oversea Term Paper

… Natl Preferences

Assessing Current Models of Cultural Dimensions and Practical Implications for the Workplace

Business used to be conducted at the local marketplace -- a specific centralized area or single street within a town or village where crops and crafts were traded or bought and sold in currency transactions. No matter what it was one produced in order to obtain their livelihood, this was the area where everyone brought their goods and offered their services, and it was a given that whatever was to be found would be found here. This centralization also led to the marketplace's development as the center of village communication and gossip; people were already gathered in a centralized location out of economic necessity, so the emergence of the marketplace as…. [read more]

Culture in This Briefing New Essay

… They try to have as few rules as possible to govern themselves. The people in these cultures usually tend to be much more pragmatic and are also more tolerant of change (ibid 173-177).

The definition of individualism and collectivism refers to the social frameworks in with which individuals prioritize their individual or group needs. In individualistic societies, the individuals are expected to look after themselves. In collectivist societies, individuals are expected to look out for one another. Organisations protect their employee's interests. However, in individualist societies stress is put upon individual rights and personal achievements. People are expected to stand up for themselves and their immediate family members and to choose their own personal affiliations. In contrast, individuals in collectivist societies act predominantly as the…. [read more]

English Creative Writing in Singapore Dissertation

… Creative Writing in English: Singapore


Singapore is a country in which the learning of the English language has become vitally important. For many students, the learning of the English Language is dependent upon the development of creative writing skills. Creative writing is used as a learning tool because it permits students to write in a manner that allows them to feel comfortable as they become more proficient in using the English language. Creative writing is utilized as a mechanism that allows students to expand their vocabulary and improve comprehension skills. In recent years creative writing in the English language for junior college students and into adult working life in Singapore has been encouraged. The goal of the study…. [read more]

Mass Media Facilitates Acculturation of Taiwanese Adult English Learners Literature Review

… Mass Media Facilitates Acculturation of Taiwanese Adult English Learners

The central purpose of this review of the literature is to provide an overview of a sample of the most pertinent studies relating to the topic under discussion. The articles have been selected to provide cogent insight into the issue of acculturation in the context of the demographic group under discussion. While the focus in these articles is on the theme of media acculturation, care was taken to ensure that the relevance of other influencing factors in the process of acculturation were also included. Another issue that was investigated in the literature was the process of acculturation in terms of the unique perceptions among different groups and individuals. Specific types of media and their influence and…. [read more]

ESL Lesson Plan Culturally Intuitive Essay

… Here, the instructor would be expected to provide the participants with a specific goal in the context, such as improving the sensitivity shown to Solomon for his special learning needs. The instructor would then preside over an improvisational simulation amongst participants, helping to ensure that said participants remain attuned to the cultural realities of the target language.

Of critical importance is not just the manner in which the instructor engages members of the classroom. In addition, there is a degree of emphasis which is placed on modes of assessment. In order to track and inform the progress of students, the instructor must provide a formative assessment that properly differentiates the learning styles and needs of individual students. This priority is denoted in the text by…. [read more]

Effects of Luxury Fashion From Swarovski Toward Social Identity Literature Review

… ¶ … luxury fashion of Swarovski toward social identity.

The review of the literatures presents "the effects of luxury fashion from Swarovski toward social identity." The paper reviews the literatures to provide greater understanding of the "experiential marketing for fashion jewellery, emotional brand attachment and brand personality and social media and cultural influences." The literatures identify that Swarovski is facing competition within the global market environment due to the influx of cheap fashion jewelry product from China . Thus, the company needs to design effective marketing promotion to differentiate its product as well as enhancing competitive market advantage.

Swarovski Overview

Swarovski is a global company that specializes in designing fashion jewelry and the company uses the supreme mastery to design and produce fashion products such…. [read more]

Interaction Effect of Psychological Empowerment and Tolerance for Uncertainty on Job Satisfaction Research Proposal

… Empowerment, Job Satisfaciton, & Uncertainty

The Interaction Effect of "Psychological Empowerment and Tolerance of Uncertainty" on Job Satisfaction

In the last two decades, China has witnessed dramatic changes in its economy. To stimulate the growing economy, the government encouraged its people to set up businesses beginning in 1992. Unlike the business atmosphere of the past where business practices were dominated by large government-controlled enterprises, individuals were allowed to set up private businesses. Growth of small businesses in China has been rapid. By 2006, the total number of small businesses accounted for 99.6% of all business organizations (Zhong, 2006). Small businesses play an important role in the expanding Chinese economy.

Despite the significance of small businesses in the Chinese economy, only limited research has been conducted…. [read more]

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