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International Politics Economics Essay

… International Political Economics

The international financial system has changed significantly over the past thirty years. Among the most significant changes, the Bretton Woods system collapsed, regulations regarding transborder capital flows have eased and the Euro was created. Each of these major changes has contributed significantly to the global financial system we have today.

The Bretton Woods system was devised in the wake of the Second World War and was based on pegging the world's major currencies to the value of gold. The pegs were to be within 1%. By 1968, Bretton Woods had been adapted to a floating rate system. The U.S. dollar, the reserve currency under Bretton Woods, was unable to maintain its peg. The U.S. dollar became overvalued in relation to gold.

The…. [read more]

International Political Economics the Impact of UN Peacekeeper Corruption Term Paper

… International Political Economics: The Impacts of UN Peacekeeper Corruption

International political economy tries to understand global and international problems through a diverse interdisciplinary arrangement of theoretical perspectives and analytical tools. International political economy focuses on the constant breakdown of disciplinary boundaries amid politics and economics. it's not easy to image a world devoid of international political economy since the mutual interaction of international economics and international relations is prevalent. The political activities of nations apparently influence international business and the flow of money, which consequently affects the environment in which nations make political preferences, and entrepreneurs make economic preferences.

It appears impracticable to put into consideration significant questions regarding international economics or international politics in devoid of taking into consideration their mutual effects and influences.…. [read more]

International Political Economy in the U.S Term Paper

… International Political Economy in the U.S.

Political economy has become two artificially diverse things, political study and economics. However the seeds of political success always lie in the success of the economic policies of any government. Political needs often shape economic policies, and these often are beneficial as in the times of depression or are disastrous, as will be seen when political policies are examined in the context of the economic impact. America is the nation where capitalism was experimented when it got independence. Capitalism was the driving economic force that made the U.S. what it is, and is still the fundamental force behind its development and becoming a world wide presence. That capitalism could be experimented in the new constitution was itself a result…. [read more]

International Trade Role of Leadership Research Proposal

… International Trade

Role of leadership in International trade: Appointment of WTO head Roberto Azevedo

The author has presented the theories of international trade and theoretical positions that researchers have taken regarding free trade as well as liberalization of trade policy. The author mentioned that Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) and Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) are increasing by every year and more than 50% of the all the trade conducted worldwide is through RTAs. Authors have described the pervasiveness of PTAs by stating that all parties to World Trade Organization (WTO) are also signatories of one or another PTA. Elaborating further on the theoretical frameworks of international free trade, the authors have divided theories of international trade in three broad perspectives. Each perspective holds responsible different category…. [read more]

International Political Economy After Capitalism Book Report

… There is no competition as such when it comes to the idea of an Economic democracy

When Schweickart talks about a market socialist, he states that the labor will work for the general good for the society without wanting to put down the other. In simpler or more ideal terms this could mean that two countries will do business to make a world a better place. There won't be ac competition or a race to get the highest GDP. Even though it seems like a totally euphoric condition, Schweickart thinks it can happen if socialism takes over capitalism. The labor is not going to be exploited; there won't be unfair wages, longer work hours and tax cuts for no reason. This takes away the entire…. [read more]

International Relations the International System and Global Term Paper

… International Relations

The International System and Global Integration

Relations between states and their institutions lie at the heart of the dilemma of global integration. Whether represented by individual governments, private corporations, supranational bodies, or international non-governmental organizations (NGO's), these bodies profoundly affect the way the peoples and polities of the world interact politically and economically. Supranational organizations, such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, endeavor to manage the global economy by controlling the movements of funds between nations, governing relative values of world currencies, and providing financial aid to developing and "transitional" economies. Playing their part, too, the private multinational corporations and NGO's possess often selfish agendas that can powerfully influence the actions of the multi-state organizations and the distinct nations they…. [read more]

Economic Miracle Post War Term Paper

… Economic Miracle: Japan 1946-1973

Japan lies in the Eastern Coast of Asia between the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan (Ministry of Foreign Affairs 2007). Its total land area is roughly 378,000 square kilometers. It consists of Hokkaido in the North, Honshu at the center, and Shikoku and Kyushu in the South (Ministry of Foreign Affairs). Japan at present competes for world leadership in terms of GDP per capita and wage per hour with the United States (Luu et al. 1996). In comparison, Japan's GNP at about $34,000 is higher than the U.S.A.'s only $25,000. Japan's wage per hour is roughly $16 compared to only $12 of the U.S. These figures demonstrate that Japan is 35-45% ahead of the U.S.A. (Luu et al.). This…. [read more]

Economic Globalization Has the 2008 Essay

… Towards the end of 2009, there emerged fresh fears as investment experts warned of a looming sovereign debt crisis owing to rising government and private debt levels in Europe along with a wave of decline in government debt in some European Union member states. In some EU member states, private debts emanating from an ongoing property bubble became sovereign debt owing to government intervention in slowing economies and post-bubble banking system bailouts. In Greece, elevated public sector pension and wage commitments prompted an increase in sovereign debt. According to economic experts, the absence of fiscal union in the Eurozone as monetary union triggered the crisis compromising the capacity of European leaders to react to the crisis. Banks in the European Union owe a momentous amount…. [read more]

International Political Order Is in a State Essay

… ¶ … international political order is in a state if anarchy. Discuss.

Similar to all politics, international politics is basically about conflict management and the re-creation of the community. The nature of such politics is more than the combination of 18,000 possible mutual relationships between the 192 states across the globe today. While these mutual relationships are significant in politics at the global level, the nature of world politics incorporates wider political processes. There are divergent descriptions about international politics as some people consider it as the pursuit of the good whereas others view it as the struggle for power, and others as the art and science of governing. However, these simple descriptions fail to fully express the multifaceted nature of political realm because of…. [read more]

International Politics Essay

… ¶ … international politics, what do you consider to be the preeminent threats to "security?

The concept of security from an international relations perspective has changed tremendously compared to the end of the twentieth century. The threats to security have gone global just as the world entered into a new faze of globalization. The last century has brought the world new challenges such as world wars, the nuclear bomb, new and improved forms of genocide and a cold war between the two superpowers that arose after World War II.

If at the beginning of the cold war, only these two had nuclear weapons, by the end of the twentieth century any country or organization that could afford nuclear technology was able to get nuclear warheads…. [read more]

International Business Environment Today's Micro and Macroenvironments Essay

… International Business Environment

Today's micro and macroenvironments are developing at rapid paces, paces which are sometimes difficult to keep up with. The modifications in all socio-cultural, economic, technological or political backgrounds are affecting all features of the everyday life, forcing the individual to adapt along. Some of these modifications have made the life of the individual easier, whereas others have hardened it. Probably the most relevant examples in this instance are offered by the technological field. Innovations such as steam vacuums or dish washers have improved the quality of life, whereas personal computers and laptops (when used mainly for online communications and gaming) have damaged the relationship between parents and their offspring, further deepening the gap between generations.

The list of positive and negative modifications…. [read more]

International Risk Management No Profit Term Paper

… Foreign currency values are never perfectly correlated. Therefore, an unexpected increase in the value of the French Franc may improve the profit margin on receipts from France." (Kelly, 2001) Multinational corporations can often reduce their respective long-term currency risk exposure by arranging parallel or back-to-back loans, another form of diversifying investments. Diversification allows for the different factors affecting varying regions, from politics to weather that can impact national currency stability.

Another minimization of risk comes from hedging, but concentrating one's hedging in the options market. This enables businesses and individuals to reduce their losses that can be caused by unfavorable and unanticipated exchange rate changes, while preserving gains from favorable exchange rate changes. However, this flexibility has a cost, as it demands a highly, watchful…. [read more]

Economic Systems of South Korea Term Paper

… The government also fostered development by allowing South Korea to be a destination of several global manufacturers. The government also provided impulses for foreign and local investors through expansion of its network of free trade agreements. This brought change to the country and allowed the economy to grow.

Though South Korea can be seen to rely greatly on exports it makes to emerging countries, the country also reduced its reliance on exports to Japan. This can be seen in the decline of exports to Japan from 11% in the year 2000 to just about 6% in the year 2010. South Korea also decreased its reliance on imports from Japan though they still stood at roughly over 15% in the year 2010 which indicate that Japan…. [read more]

International Pol. Ec Essay

… Competing in a no-growth scenario typically emphasizes cost reductions to help the firm compete on price. Such scaling back of the business also insulates the firm against future shock as well, up to and including a banking system shock that makes the acquisition of capital more difficult.

The financial regionalism scenario will increase economic regionalism in general. For a domestic IT firm, this will make it more difficult to expand into the world's growth regions (notably Asia). However, if these challenges can be overcome, the firm can build growth outside of the sluggish domestic market. No matter if this course of action is undertaken, the firm must adjust to this economic dynamic by making adjustments to its domestic operations, either by cost-cutting or by seeking…. [read more]

Economic and Quantitative Analysis Topics Term Paper

… The United States has shifted in a major way on two different occasions over its existence. First, they went from an agrarian economy to an industrial one and now they are shifting to a service/knowledge foundation while the once dominant manufacturing industry in that country is becoming an afterthought except when speaking of advance/high-tech manufacturing. If someone were to analyze the United States economy over its entire existence, using a singular and fixed model would be asinine and obtuse because of these seismic changes that have occurred. Looking at the United States economy now through a year 1840 lens would be silly.

In a similar vein, looking at Nigeria now would require a certain model and that model would exhibit certain patterns and trends. However,…. [read more]

Economic and Trade Development Thesis

… Economic and Trade Development

The economic situation of Western Europe was faring extremely well in the first thirteen years of the 20th century following the Industrial Revolution. However, the growth of Nazism and Fascism followed by the World Wars and the Great Depression plunged most of the major European states particularly Germany and France into a seemingly irretrievable economic situation. What happened in Western Europe after the Second World War was an exceptional case of economic turnaround with a remarkable and swift pace of transformation to an industrialized society. This exceptional growth lasted only until 1973 but in this short span of time, it placed the Western Europe economy at par with other industrialized economies of the world despite the phenomenal destruction of men, materials…. [read more]

International Relations Studies and Research Essay

… Domestic competitiveness in this case is a major contributor towards ensuring that there is a greater variety of food and other goods that emerge from Agricultural products is East Africa. The concept of domestic competitiveness applies in many regions around the world.

Exploits international trade technology

Technology is changing drastically and trade is one of the major contributors towards technology advancement. Competition in the world trade market has made various trade entities try and advance their products so as to outshine their competitors who are probably producing similar commodities (Al-Suwaidi Ahmed 135).

As this takes course, technology keeps on advancing with people viewing different commodities time after time. A good example is China, Japan and Germany. They are the two major exporters of world motors,…. [read more]

International Community to Know Research Paper

… The Libyan affairs have put a serious question mark on the United Nations and the role that they are playing. United Nations intervened in the local state of affairs of the country which is not in their jurisdiction. This has had an impact on the global politics and that has changed the face of international relations specially the relations of under developed nations with the stronger nations. The Libyan movement has challenged the credibility on the United Nations. The United Nations Security Council stepped in and seized all the assets of Gaddafi and had forward the case to the International Criminal Court for further investigation. On the 20th October Gaddafi was captured while he was escaping from Sirte and was killed in the process. The…. [read more]

International Relations- Australia: Some Perspectives Essay

… International Relations- Australia

Australia: some perspectives on the position in international affairs

More than a couple of years ago, Australia welcomed her new Prime Minister -- P.M. Kevin Rudd. Kevin Rudd's taking over of the power in Australian rule not only signified a new face in the international environment but also a new path in Australian foreign policy. At the onset, he made it very clear that the path he chose to take is different from his predecessor's. If for former Prime Minister John Howard what was important is Australia's ties with other Anglophonic nations (thus setting Australia's involvement with multilateral organizations much more on the sidelines), Rudd insisted on putting equal weight these two international foreign policy tracks (Crabbe 2008, pars. 1-3).

As such,…. [read more]

International Trade and Finance Law Term Paper

… International Trade and Finance Law

The question for any international trade is the guarantee of payment to be received by the seller. In natural course, the items to or services sold are first received by the buyer and then only the payments are sent. In the case of any individual country, there are laws within the country to ensure that the payments are made by the buyer, but in the international scene, the differences between different countries may cause difficulties. The procedure that is now adopted is to follow certain procedures that have been set up under the auspices of United Nations. The international procedures have to be competed with a national procedure for a country for us to understand the comparative position. For this…. [read more]

Politics and Trade Research Paper

… Politics and Trade

Within a perfect market place, the economic transactions would be ruled and influenced exclusively by the economic principles. Still, in the realistic and modern day market place, the economic and business transactions are also influenced by other forces. In such a setting, the current emphasis falls on the identification of the political factors which influence the United States trade policy and the national balance of payments.

According to Susanne Lohmann and Sharyn O'Halloran (2001), the trade policy in the United States is severely impacted by the internal strength of the government, as well as by the institutions in the political field. In a context of a weak government and a strong president, the responsibility of trade policy development and implementation would fall…. [read more]

International Trade Is an Important Economic Tool Case Study

… International Trade is an important economic tool for countries around the world. This is one tool that catalyses the achievement of various macroeconomic objectives of a government. These objectives include increasing output and Gross Domestic Product, achieving positive economic growth, earning greater foreign exchange and a positive Balance of Payment along with increasing standards of living and allowing wider choices of goods and services to their consumers. The international trade may include trade of both visible goods as well as invisible goods.

Since International Trade takes place between countries across geographical boundaries foreign relations between countries and transnational treaties have a direct role to play in increasing and/or decreasing the International Trade of the countries. This of course means that the responsibility of developing favorable…. [read more]

International Relations Making Poverty History Term Paper

… International Relations

Making Poverty History

For more than fifty years now, it has been recognized that the nations of the world are divided between the "haves" and the "have nots."

The "haves" are the developed countries - technologically advanced and economically successful. Their populations are educated and by and large enjoy a high material standard of living. Decent healthcare is reasonably accessible, and endemic ill-health, scarcity of food and other basic resources are virtually unknown. And there are the "have nots" - countries lacking a modern infrastructure and whose economies are poorly developed. The people in these countries frequently endure grinding poverty, hunger, and disease. Conditions here have barely improved despite half a century of efforts on the part of the developed world. The United…. [read more]

International Relations Globalization Thesis

… International Relations

Globalization has become on of the polarizing issues of our times. Roughly, the camps can be viewed as those for globalization and those against. Each side believes that it reflects not only its own interests but the interests of myriad other groups. Those in favor globalization have, to a great extent, based their views on economic theory that began with David Ricardo's theory of competitive advantage (Krugman, 1996). The theory holds that nations gain from trade with one another in the goods in which they have a comparative, rather than absolute, advantage. The model shows that the total trade between the two nations grows as a result of this specialization.

Opponents of globalization point to its failures. Wealth distribution is unequal, resources are…. [read more]

International Economic Trade Thesis

… International Economic Trade -- International Trade Regulations of China

After many decades of international efforts to liberalize the global market, the forces of globalization continue to be restricted by the diverse legislation in each country. China is one of the largest economies of the globe and many of its partners are impacted by the governmental policies. The aim of this paper is to reveal some of their international trade policies, alongside with the effects they generate upon other global players. In achieving this however, it is vital to start off with a brief presentation of the country.

Brief Description of China

After the European Union and the United States of America, China is the third largest economy of the globe with a gross domestic product…. [read more]

International Trade - Inter- and Intra-Industry Essay

… International Trade - Inter- and Intra-Industry Trade Operations and the European Union

The forces of globalization emerged in the 1980s and came to affect all features of the every day life. The concept basically refers to a migration of features across borders. The transcending forces belong to the fields of economics, politics, technology and even culture. However all issues are important, a pivotal role is played by the economic modifications generated by the forces of globalization, and this is simply because a country's economy, influenced by the global context, will generate significant impacts upon the national stability and growth.

The changes brought by globalization are next to countless, but the most relevant ones in terms of economics, are the opening of borders and the liberalization…. [read more]

Understanding International Political Economy Term Paper

… ¶ … International Political Economy

Ralph Pettman's book "Understanding International Political Economy" has become of the most popular IPE textbooks. Author uses diverse material to cover different aspects of such an integral concept as "economics," uses various examples and comparisons in order to explain economical concepts and the meaning of the "economics" in general. That's why the book is probably called "Understanding International Political Economics."

The main themes that are covered and discussed in the book are three theories of international economics perspective, described in a historical order according to the epoch when they were first introduced. The first one is mercantilism, the second one is liberalism and the third one is Marxism. In order to understand the historical and economical point of them, it's…. [read more]

Principal-Agent Model in Economics Dissertation

… The entire implementation procedure was accomplished in twelve sequential steps, staring mainly from the reduction and the removal of the customs and import quotas among the trading coalition. The Tunisia-EU free area trading agreement after affects and whereabouts are discussed in order to explore the findings about the research question that is the impact of the Tunisia-EU agreement on the trading patterns of Tunisia.

Literature Review

The international political perspectives of free trade

A Global Analysis

The growth of world trade has consistently outstripped rates of world output in post-war years, a trend that has continued to play a key role in the internationalization of economic activity and to deepen global inter-dependence of regions and nations. In 1994 world trade was valued at $5.14 trillion,…. [read more]

Social Policy and Economic Policy? Essay

… This, in turn, will be elevating for the economy.

Keynesianism goals are several:

1. Economic spending - where increase of ability spend boosts earnings in others. This in turn has a positive effect on the economy and encourages competition which stimulates innovation and leads to increase in employment.

2. Greater government investment in economy -- This promotes public spending and serves as model example. Government should invest and introduce incentives as well as engage in government spending in order to encourage people to spend.

If the government has little money at the moment, it should borrow money in order to boost demand by pushing money into the economy. The government can repay once the economy has stabilized.

Private investors too should be encouraged to contribute…. [read more]

International Politics on the World Term Paper

… As delineated in Chapter 11 of Rourke, the globalization of the current world economy has made nation states more interrelated, rather than pure geographical and economic similarities, or formal treaties for political interests. However, it too has facilitated alliances such as the European Economic Union, as well as made trade easier between nations possessing a diversity of products within their borders. Nations formerly dominated by colonialism, such as Africa, have attempted, through movements such as the Pan-African movement, to use regional closeness as a way of establishing power through unity. However, old tribal conflicts have caused discord as well as harmony between these states.

More successful has been OPEC's conferral of regional unity upon the Middle East -- however, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.