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Middle East Academics, Policy Makers Term Paper

… The state officials admit that the Saudi government or the state can no longer bear the burden for economic development and welfare in the country. This is because of the rising public debt loads, declining capital expenditures by the state, and generally stagnant real growth rates. As a result, it has become vital to allow the private freedom and opportunity to play the required role in economic development. However the process of privatization in Saudi Arabia has been mostly limited to giving business to private firms which include management of seaports and airports, postal, health and education services etc. which only do the contractual work for the state-owned enterprises. It is important that in order for the process of privatization to be successful, the existing…. [read more]

International Business Competitive Strategy Term Paper

… Porter cites the example of American firms choosing to have labor cost parity instead of exploiting their sources of competitive advantage in the seventies and eighties. On the other hand, Japanese firms accorded greater preference to automation over labor and they were able to achieve greater productivity and lower costs.

There was a stage when Japanese companies were successfully running assembly plants in America; barely years after the U.S. firms had found it unviable to do the same. (Porter, 1990) Different organizational structures and strategies work better in some industries and not so in other industries. For example Italian firms have shown that they are the best in select industries such as lighting, furniture, footwear and woolen fabrics, while German firms seem to have the…. [read more]

International Competition Middle East Term Paper

… Middle East Region

There is no hard and fast rule that defines what constitutes Middle East. It traditionally includes countries or regions in Southwest Asia and parts of North Africa. Persian Gulf is considered as the main centre the area around which is generally referred as Middle East. Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen, and Palestinian Territories are collectively known as Middle East. Middle East region shot to fame because of its vast reserves of oil. The economy of most these countries took a boost based on the oil resource. However, with passage of time region has esteblished its own peculiar identity in the world. Gulf region with UAE as a model…. [read more]

Middle East Term Paper

… Middle East

Discuss the difficulties faced by the Middle Eastern empires in adapting to the intellectual, technological, economic, political, and social challenges presented by the West in the 18th and 19th centuries.

The Middle Eastern empires had to adapt to the various challenges presented by the West in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries once it was clear that the balance of power in the affairs of the region had shifted to the West, meaning the powers in the West could be neither ignored nor controlled. By the end of the eighteenth century, the balance of power had shifted against the Ottoman Empire and toward the European Christian states. The Ottoman's had shown a progressive shift away from Europe and toward the East, and this was…. [read more]

International Relations Studies and Research Essay

… Domestic competitiveness in this case is a major contributor towards ensuring that there is a greater variety of food and other goods that emerge from Agricultural products is East Africa. The concept of domestic competitiveness applies in many regions around the world.

Exploits international trade technology

Technology is changing drastically and trade is one of the major contributors towards technology advancement. Competition in the world trade market has made various trade entities try and advance their products so as to outshine their competitors who are probably producing similar commodities (Al-Suwaidi Ahmed 135).

As this takes course, technology keeps on advancing with people viewing different commodities time after time. A good example is China, Japan and Germany. They are the two major exporters of world motors,…. [read more]

International Business Essay

… A good example of this can be seen with their partnership with Gallant Precision Machining. As, the company formed this alliance to: provide support and distribution services for the products that they are selling in areas such as Latin America as well as Europe. This helped Acer to be able to maintain their low cost structure and effectively market their different products / services in these areas. While, allowing their partners to deal with issues (such as: repair and support) for their products. Over the course of time, this approach helped the company to establish transnational links around the globe. (Acer 2007)

As far as Hyundai is concerned, they have been concentrating on establishing these different connections within the organization itself. What they have been…. [read more]

International Energy Law Essay

… State authorities sat in front of formal and proper arbitral tribunals and were assisted by foreign counsel, the result of which were important, fair, and legally balanced cases (Kosheri, n.d.).

The International Energy Sector Landscape: In the 1980s

During this decade, the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) arbitrators of the International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) panels rendered rulings that exhibited the maturation in the field of arbitration (Sabater, 2011). AGIP v. Congo, Case No. ARB/77/1 occurred during this period, as did the Aminoil Tribunal of 1982, which was characterized by its elaborated and detailed reasoning (Sabater, 2011). A number of petroleum claims were submitted from 1983 through 1987 that were brought before the Iran / USA arbitration Tribunal (Sabater, 2011). In the…. [read more]

International Business Strategy Critically Analyze the Macro Essay

… International Business Strategy

Critically analyze the macro environmental and competitive conditions of the oil and gas industry

Oil and gas industry is one of the most important industries in the world today because of the huge impact it has on people, their governments, economy and the growth and development of the entire world at large. Though this is a powerful sector, it also faces stiff competition and problems and has to be on the constant lookout for events that can dampen this industry.

Competition from renewable resources

Despite the pervasive nature of the oil and gas industry, it is also beset by numerous challenges that the members of this industry have to overcome to continue their production and ability to make profits. The primary problem…. [read more]

International Regulation of Tourism Term Paper

… "

Lake Vostok has since become one of the few causes of disagreement between the international college of nations with interests in Antarctica; the Lake Vostok problems will be outlined later in this report. It is notable, however, even before the controversy and scientific quandaries that have vexed scientists and nations the past few years. Not since 1858, when Africa explore John Speke first stood on the banks of Lake Victoria, the headwaters of the Nile, has a formerly undiscovered body of water of such magnitude been added to the map of the globe. (In the case of Lake Victoria, however, it was only a 'discovery' to Europeans and Americans and those of other continents; Africans had known of it all along. The same cannot…. [read more]

International Trade Is an Important Economic Tool Case Study

… International Trade is an important economic tool for countries around the world. This is one tool that catalyses the achievement of various macroeconomic objectives of a government. These objectives include increasing output and Gross Domestic Product, achieving positive economic growth, earning greater foreign exchange and a positive Balance of Payment along with increasing standards of living and allowing wider choices of goods and services to their consumers. The international trade may include trade of both visible goods as well as invisible goods.

Since International Trade takes place between countries across geographical boundaries foreign relations between countries and transnational treaties have a direct role to play in increasing and/or decreasing the International Trade of the countries. This of course means that the responsibility of developing favorable…. [read more]

International Business: Airbus vs. Boeing Competing Thesis

… International Business: Airbus vs. Boeing

Competing in commercial and military aviation, space and communications systems industries, Airbus and Boeing are two of the largest and most technologically advanced companies competing in these markets. At the center of Airbus' business model is a reliance on operations across 160 international locations including Research & Development (R&D) and manufacturing centers in France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Spain. In addition, Airbus operates subsidiaries in North American, China and Japan. Airbus heavily relies on an engineer-to-order strategy for synchronizing its supply chain and demand management systems (Irwin, Pavcnik, 2004). Relying on a high degree of process integration in its single-aisle (A318, A319, A320, and A321) and wide-body (A300, A310, A330, A340) commercial jets, Airbus takes a more consortium-oriented approach…. [read more]

International Business Venture Term Paper

… International Business Plan Venture - Launching Low Cost Cell Phones into India

Introducing a series of low-cost and ultra-low cost mobile phones into India is an opportunity that is significant enough in market size that is accentuated in its potential for long-term growth by the Indian governments' lowering of call tariffs in 2002. As of April 1, 2002 there is no tariff on in-bound calls to Indian citizens and a small tariff on outbound calls depending on destination. Indian regulators and government leaders are actively supporting the build-out of their telecommunications infrastructure and as of 2008 continue to look favorably on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) through joint ventures and shared ownership approaches to ensure Indian autonomy in telecommunications (Das, 135, 136) and Dasgupta ( illustrate.…. [read more]

Marketing International Conference Seoul Essay

… Hence, two visible factors have been determined showing the changes in international conference industry which are decrease in the head count and the duration of the meetings or conferences.

The trend has been for shorter meetings and in 2004, the average duration for international meetings was 4.2 days, the lowest average for the past 10 years (ICCA, 2004). These statistics are confirmed in other studies such as the Australian study by Deery et al. (2005), the research on Israel conference tourism (Sultan, Ditzan and Darsa, 2002) and the Korean Meetings Industry study by Kim et al. (2003). As far as the supply side of the industry is concerned, the growth of internal conference industry can be discusses in this frame as well. For the reason…. [read more]

Middle East Fashion Capital: Beirut Lebanon Dissertation

… They also provide funding and in some instances they collaborate with locals to establish creative businesses or industries back home. The country also has a specific association to develop funding for culture-based businesses and initiatives. This organization and the other factors explained for it show that culture is being taken seriously in the country and that there are many stakeholders who are already actively involved in trying to improve the already-amazing culture of the country. It is safe to conclude that the future is looking bright in terms of culture. 

The capital of the Lebanon is Beirut. It is also the largest city and the commercial center of Lebanon. The city has an international airport and road and rail links to all parts of…. [read more]

International Trade Between Bahrain Term Paper

… As a result, Saudi should attempt to mediate the dispute. Bahrain, with its track record of good relations with Saudi Arabia perhaps expected it to decide in favor of Bahrain. Bahrain's decision to boycott the summit is also the result of its unease at the warming of relations between Qatar and Saudi Arabia, which has a strong influence over Bahrain, according to a senior Arab diplomatic source. Relations between Qatar and Saudi Arabia have improved, following a period of strain when Qatar expressed reservations over the way Saudi national Jamil al-Hujeilan was selected as G.C.C. secretary general.

Bahrain-Saudi Trade Relations

Bahrain's trade and investment relations with Saudi Arabia and other members of the Gulf Cooperation Council are particularly strong and it grants them preferential treatment…. [read more]

Financial Analysis of International Airlines Group Thesis

… Financial Analysis of International Airlines Group


Contact Details

Confidentiality Restrictions

Today, the aviation industry is faced with skyrocketing energy costs, the lingering aftereffects of the Great Recession of 2008 and the looming threat of ongoing terrorist activities in many regions of the world. In this environment, identifying opportunities for air carriers to achieve a competitive advantage through improved administrative and operational practices represents a timely and valuable enterprise. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide a review of the relevant peer-reviewed, scholarly and industry literature concerning these issues and to calculate and benchmark relevant financial analyses of International Airlines Group (IAG) compared to three of its competitors, Turkish Airlines, Finnair and Jet Airways. This analysis was used to provide a summary of…. [read more]

Metricum International Business Management Review Case Study

… Therefore, it has a flourishing industrial manufacturing industry. The technological expertise of its heavy machinery manufacturers has led to increased exports in recent years. In 2010, Ukraine exported more than $2.5 billion worth of machinery and heavy equipment, mostly to Italy, Poland and Russia (Doing Business, 2012).

The transport infrastructure is one of the best in the region. The country has a road network measuring 170,000 km and a rail network measuring 22,000 km. Ten ports along the Black Sea and five airports make it an efficient place for the transport of goods between Europe and Asia. It also points to a strong local market for materials handling equipment. Energy prices in the Ukraine are also lower as compared to prices in other parts of…. [read more]

Living in the Middle Ages Term Paper

… Among the cathedrals that exemplify this art of building, include those at Chartres and Amiens.


In the music sector, the art continued to evolve during these middle ages. Living in these ages, I would be happiest to experience the developing trends and upcoming groups in the industry music are an industry that existed before the middle era. However, these ages marked the beginning of revolutionary music artists with immense talents in songwriting and actual singing. Living in this middle age, the greatest invention of interest would be the invention of the music staff, the lines and spaces in which the notes are written. This happened by the efforts of an Italian Benedictine monk, Guido of Arezzo (995-1050 AD). He informed the naming of these…. [read more]

Globalization and Competition Essay

… The company's operations in China, Russia and India are quite challenging die to a series of factors.

Political factors such as anti-American and anti-globalization sentiments are making it quite harder for the company to capture the Chinese customers due to their attitude and reluctance to embrace and accept coffee consumption, an activity that has for long being viewed as a Western practice. Tariffs as well as international trade regulations hugely affects the company's profitability since it has to import most of the raw materials (roasted coffee) to its international centers of operations. High tariffs definitely affect its bottom line in a big way. China for instance, reduced the tax rate imposed on foreign companies such as Starbucks thereby providing a suitable investment and growth environment.Economic…. [read more]

International Trade and Kinetic Concepts Term Paper

… " (Yahoo Finance, 2004)

KINETIC CONCEPTS (NYSE:KCI) Quote data by Reuters

Last Trade:

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Real-time charts for KCI. Free Trial (Yahoo Finance, 2004)

To stay a competitive entity, Kinetic Concepts, Inc. must and does take advantage of the vast opportunities offered by our new global economy. Kinetic Concepts does its international work through a subsidiary, Kinetic Concepts, Inc. International (KCII). Kinetic Concepts International has an outstanding and long history of being a leading provider of services and therapeutic therapies in the ever growing international health care industry. Kinetic Concepts…. [read more]

International Organization Subsidiaries Countries Research Paper

… S.

A description of the global business environment and the countries selected market

On one hand, in Japan Via is a luxury, compared with the popular instant coffee brand Nescafe, which has long been a staple in many Japanese pantries, more so than in the U.S. However, given the worldwide economic downturn, many consumers are looking for more affordable luxuries -- buying a more expensive instant coffee brand to drink at home for budget-conscious consumers, or hanging out at a Starbucks rather than going to an expensive club might be.

Competitive environment

As in the U.S., competition in the coffee market "is fierce in the Japanese market…Starbucks must compete with the popular McCafe outlets run by McDonalds," which offer cheaper in-store coffee (Levinson 2010). However,…. [read more]

Free Trade Agreement- Jordan-u.S. Middle Term Paper

… " But globalization is still a highly controversial and volatile issue which might give rise to numerous problems once Jordan begins Free Trade with United States. The only way to avoid these possible conflicts in the long run is to become aware of them beforehand and develop certain rules regarding issues likes political intervention and globalization.


1. Daniel Pipes, The real 'new Middle East, Commentary: Volume: 106. Issue: 5. Publication Date: November 1998.

2. King Abdullah Ii - Heir Jordan: one state's story of economic transformation. Journal Title: Harvard International Review. Volume: 24. Issue: 4. Publication Year: 2003.

3. Ahmed Galal and Robert Z. Lawrence: Building Bridges: An Egypt-U.S. Free Trade Agreement. Publisher: Brookings Institution. Place of Publication: Washington, DC. Publication Year: 1998.

4.…. [read more]

International Business Country a -- United States Essay

… International Business

Country a -- United States

Country B - United Arab Emirates

Industry -- Telecommunications Equipment

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of seven emirates situated on the Arabian Gulf and bordered by Saudi Arabia and Oman. The UAE has become an economic source of power in the region throughout recent decades, with the original momentum arising out of its petroleum exports. In a few years, the UAE has branched out its economy as a regional financial, services and tourism center. This movement to a non-commodity-based export economy has provided opportunities for U.S. businesses to tap into a progressively more multifaceted economic environment in the UAE. The UAE is recognized in the region as a business-friendly nation with a government focused on…. [read more]

International Broadcasting -In the U.S Term Paper

… That number topped out at 748 during the years spanning 1923 to 1926 however, by 1927 only 72 were left remaining and a mere 18 left in existence by the year of 1934. (Eyang, 1936)

It wasn't until the end of the decade of the roaring twenties that there was a determination accepted in terms of value regulation. The early radio organization was programming response to the input of the consumer, however, it soon became the practice to use input in advertising that was in expectation of creating a demanded or marketed response from consumers. The Broadcasting, funded by the networks and stations as well as serving as the switching terminal for all the intersecting communications in the industry, was also known as The Crossley…. [read more]

International Monetary Fund Globalization Essay

… Asia had a constant per Capita GDP from 1971 to 1999 showing that it had no progress in its economy and within the same period, China had a slow progress from 1971 to 1999.


The government should provide education and vocational trainings to the people to make sure that workers have the opportunity to acquire right skills in dynamic changing economies since things are changing day by day. This will help workers to stay updated.

The governments should also put in place well targeted social safety nets to assist people who are displaced from their jobs due to the competition from low wage economies which displaces workers from high wage jobs and decrease the demand for less skilled workers.

From the evidence of the…. [read more]

International Trade: Coca Cola in Brazil Term Paper

… International Trade: Coca Cola in Brazil

International Trade

The Coca-Cola Company FEMSA

The purpose of this work is to, through research; focus on a firm analysis of the Coca-Cola Company operating in Brazil and to then make comparison to a major indigenous bottler. The analyses will be examined in the context of marketing, political and economical challenges and problems being experience by Coca-Cola in Brazil. Further each analysis will perform a detailed SWOT on the company as well as appropriate financial analysis and ratios. The Financial analysis will include Foreign Sales to Total Sales, Foreign Assets to Total Assets; Foreign Employees to Total Employees and Foreign Equity to Total Equity.


The largest manufacturer, distributor and marketer of non-alcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups worldwide, the…. [read more]

Chabros International's Expansion to North Essay

… This seems like a good idea, but Chabros has grown by being bolder than that. The evaluations from PESTLE and SWOT analysis are necessary, but they can be done in conjunction with other solutions.

The final failed solution is probably the most dangerous of all. The company cannot extend itself like that without serious danger to the company as a whole. If they commit resources and the people of the region choose another supplier, they will not have the capital available to rethink their position. It is necessary to have some surety in the internal and external features of the market before they enter into it in such a fashion.

The only possible solution is to enter the market in a fashion that does not…. [read more]

Performance of the Middle East Emerging Property Markets Discussion Chapter

… Performance of the Middle East Emerging Property Markets

The previous chapters have constituted the preamble to the analysis to be conducted at this stage. Specifically, this chapter reveals the distribution of the survey, the collection of answers and the processing of the findings in order to generate conclusions. The fact that the survey is used generates a wide array of benefits at this stage. For instance, the issuance of the survey and its completion was an efficient process as all respondents were familiar with the research method. Additionally, the questionnaire creates opportunities to collect vast amounts of information. Finally, the use of the survey allows the efficient processing of the data and their integration in easy to understand results.

Before however accessing the information collected…. [read more]

Conflict in the Middle East Term Paper

… Conflict in the Middle East: Can There Ever Be Peace?

The Holy Bible advises that there will always be wars and rumors of war, and history has borne this out; however, the Middle East in particular has historically been wracked by violent conflict for a variety of reasons. While the reasons for these conflicts have been varied, they have all been characterized by three fundamental aspects: (a) competition for scarce resources; (b) a highly patriarchal social framework that disenfranchises women and encourages violence as a legitimate and acceptable practice; and - inter- and intra-religious differences, a situation that is further exacerbated by the need to share such holy sites as Jerusalem between sometimes mutually-hostile faiths. This paper provides a review of the related literature to…. [read more]

Water Shortage in the Middle East Term Paper

… Water Shortage in the Middle East

Water Shortage and Consequent Conflicts in the Middle East

Even before food, two elements are vital for the survival of an individual, and for life on a planet to exist: air and water. The characteristics of water which make it indispensable for life are endless, including both personal consumption and hygiene, as well as natural and chemical reactions in the nature and atmosphere, without which no form of life would be able to survive. During recent years, the natural resources of water have begun to shrink. Record high levels of consumption, increased elimination of greenhouse gases generating global warming, climacteric conditions and larger than ever global populations are all contributing to the reduction of the globe's water resources. Within…. [read more]

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