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Latin American Terrorism Issues Research Paper

… United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)

This group of terrorist is relatively weak and less active. Very few activities have been reported by this group. It has more than 32000 members dismissed. Thus, it remains inactive as a formal group. Despite of its less activities, many old members of AUC are engaged in criminal activities mostly drug trafficking, in newly emerging criminal organizations (known as BACRIM, BandasCriminalesEmergentes). This newly emerging group has more than 3500 and less than 6000 members. To cope with this situation, Colombian government has taken multiple steps and made new laws. These laws are being implemented properly in order to generate peace in the region. One of the unique and most effective laws made in this context is the thorough and…. [read more]

Terrorism Refers to Threats, Violence Essay

… Though these violent acts might be reactionary in nature, it takes time to re-establish a damaged or extinct value system (Allen, 2006).

The Deliberate aspect of terrorism

Innocent victims become the target of terrorist activities just by being symbolically important. The fact that their pain may help in creating a psychological impact, becomes the reason for their death. All this is not merely coincidence but in fact each and every step is planned in advance (Bascio, 2007).

Factors contributing to terrorism

As per a study, suicide terrorism is the only idea that challenges the intricate bond between domestic violence and democracy. Although domestic violence can be found in democratic states, it is almost always found in dictatorships. However, recently, it has been found that suicide…. [read more]

Terrorism Organizations What Is Terrorism? Research Paper

… Prevention and mitigation methods are complex and often somewhat controversial in that some see Civil Rights being eroded, while others feel that the protection of the many, utilitarianism, is worth losing some personal liberty. In any case, diligence, scholarship and preparation are necessary as never before.


ACLU Lawsuit. (1993). The New York Times. Retrieved from:

Anti-Defamation League. (2013). Ku Klux Klan -- Affiliations. ADL. Retrieved from:

Bocstette, C. (2008). Jihadist Terrorist Use of Strategic Communication Management Techniques. George C. Marshall European Center for Security. Retrieved from:

Department of Homeland Security. (2014). About DHS. Retrieved from: http:.//www/

____. (2007, October). National Strategy for Homeland Security. Retrieved from:

Masters, J. (2011). Militant Extremists in the United States. Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved…. [read more]

Terrorism in Seattle Case Study

… On December 29, 1999, Seattle Mayor Paul Schell with the concurrence of the City Council decided to cancel the Millennium Celebration, even though it had been planned for over 24 months. The ostensible reason was a potential terrorist attack, based on the December 14th arrest of an Algerian man, Ahmed Ressam, who was arrested in Port Angeles with enough explosives to blow up at least one major building. When Ressam was arrest boarding a ferry, investigators found that he had booked up a hotel room for one night near the Space Needle. While there was no "direct evidence" that Ressam was planning to blow up the Needle, this and recent events in Seattle led to the decision to end all events by 6pm on New…. [read more]

International Terrorism State Department Defines Modern Thesis

… International Terrorism

State Department defines modern terrorism as "premeditated and politically motivated violence by sub-national groups or clandestine agents against non-combatant targets" often to influence a particular audience.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation describes it as:

…"the use of serious violence against persons or property, or the threat to use such violence, to intimidate or coerce a government, the public, or any section of the public in order to promote political, social or ideological objectives."

The British government's formulation for many years now defines modern terrorism as "the use of violence for the purpose of putting the public or any section of the public in fear." United States domestic law, U.S. Code Title 18 Section 2331, provides a legal definition of international terrorism as used…. [read more]

Terrorism Definitions Essay

… S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (USA TRADOC) (2007) developed a document that thoroughly provides detail on how terror groups are structured and organized. Generally, terror groups are structured as hierarchies or networks. Hierarchical structures are highly dependent on members' commitment, while networks are characterized by its variety and complexity. Further divided into cells, networks can have a chain (reactive movement of members), all channel (lateral connections among members) or star/hub (has a central individual as point of contact) organizations. However, terror groups often use hybrids of these organizations, making the hybrid organization the most difficult to identify and track/trace.

4. Samuel Huntington & Thomas Barnett's discussion of evolution of terrorism

Huntington and Barnett's proposed theories present polarizing, yet compelling, opinions about political conflicts, warfare,…. [read more]

Defining Terrorism Term Paper

… Terrorism

Encyclopedias and dictionaries define terrorism in the easy to understand language but in reality it is a concept that is hard to grasp. In the last two decades terrorism caused more damage to the world then anything else. Especially after 9/11 the word terrorism was being redefined. Despite differing definitions terrorism, is considered a crime in most of the countries. Statutes of different countries have different version of the definition of terrorism.

Looking up a dictionary we would find the definition in the simplest form. For example, the American Heritage Dictionary defines terrorism as "The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or…. [read more]

International Terrorism on Domestic Research Paper

… Since U.S. has been in the fore front in the war against Terror, this has formed the ground used by the jihad front in campaigning against American hegemony among the Muslims who are in America. Al Awlaki and bin Laden videos in addition to their several number of escapes from the U.S. forces has greatly bestowed them a cult status and greater number of their fan following. This mass appeal will always be a challenge to the United State in trying to curb this following. The agencies in U.S. who have the duty of countering terrorism have concentrated in dealing with radical Islamists who are closer to home, though the steps that they are using in countering this threat tend to be vague and far…. [read more]

Terrorism Linked to Religion Essay

… The earlier terrorism caused by the military wing of HAMAS was used as a tool to gain political power to achieve their objectives of saving Muslims from oppression and devastation at the hands on Non-Muslims.

The constant evolution of the purposes and actions of such organizations must lead to the question that if Radical Islam and religious domination is not the cause of these attacks then what is the political agenda of terrorists?

Brzezinski presents a simple political explanation in this regard that, "it is the emotional context of felt, observed or historically recounted grievances that shape the fanatic pathology of terrorists and eventually triggers their murderous actions" (Brzezinski 2002). In relation to 9/11 and other attacks against the U.S., he argues, "American involvement in…. [read more]

Anticipatory Self-Defense in International Law Term Paper

… Anticipatory Self Defence in International Law

The concept of anticipatory self defence in international law has become more prominent and has grown to be a dominant topic of discussion in recent years. The attacks on American soil on September 11, 2001 can be said as the primary reason behind the growing importance of anticipatory self defence. The event saw the passenger airlines being hijacked and used to target the destruction of important and strategic New York and Washington buildings i.e. The World Trade Center and the Pentagon. It wasn't a surprise that the U.S. reacted with aggression and force by initiating the war on terror under the reign of President Bush. This war was launched against the territories and nations that were known to have…. [read more]

Global Terrorism's Impact on International Business Term Paper

… Terrorism Impact

When a terrorism attack hits a country, such as September 11, 2001, naturally the citizens of that nation are most affected. They are the ones who are immediately impacted by the injuries and deaths of peers, friends and loved ones, the shut down of production and services, and the psychological and physical long-term effects. However, such an attack also impacts the rest of the world economically, either through the way that the national organizations have difficulty fulfilling their international obligations or the way that other countries perceive that they, too, are being threatened by these same terrorists. In the future, it surely can be expected that such terrorist attacks will continue. It is up to the organizations to prepare their processes and people…. [read more]

International Terrorism Explain the Origins Essay

… The objective of the criminal intelligence is to enhance the understanding of the issue under investigation in order that sensible decisions may be achieved (Kelly, Chin & Schatzberg, 2004). From this delineation, weak intellect ability can prevent investigators from acquiring information that may aid them in securing seizures, arrests, and prosecutions in investigations. This is how national security and criminal intelligence relates to the efforts of those combating terrorism and violent extremism.

Question 4

Describe the importance of foreign policy in homeland security operations.

The U.S. Homeland Security Department is based on the founding mission of protecting the U.S. from terrorism. While the United States is stronger and more resilient because of a powerful homeland security entity, risks from terrorism continue to persist and continue…. [read more]

Domestic Terrorism Essay

… With respects to such understanding, terrorists plot encompassing citizens of United States inspired by foreign terrorists with an example of Al Qaeda constitutes domestic terrorism.

Domestic terrorists are accountable for committing more than two dozen incidents from 2004 in the United States (White, 2011). In the United States, there seems to be a development of antigovernment extremist actions as noted through watchdog groups in the last numerous years. Just like their jihadist counterparts, domestic terrorists are usually internet savvy. More so, they utilize the internet as a key resource of their operations. Perpetrators of terrorism activities get inspiration from certain ideologies. As such, domestic terrorists are a broadly divergent lot, drawing from a wide range of worldviews and philosophies. Such people get the motivation to…. [read more]

Terrorism and the Internet Modern Media Technologies Term Paper

… Terrorism and the Internet

Modern media technologies are revolutionizing the form of risk in the modern society. Internet has emerged as an important instrument for the massive distribution of news, hoaxes and rumors, as also portrayals of public anguish, in the aftermath of September 11, 2001. There is a real immediate need to comprehend the manner in which the dynamics of the modern media technologies are transforming the means by which we apprehend these risks. (Anderson, 2003) Terrorism is the most urgent concern confronting the U.S. And its supporters across the world. This came to be shockingly visible on 9/11 and guarantees to be long-term danger needing a total determination on the part of the United States to destroy terrorist outfits in all areas where…. [read more]

Criminal Justice - Counterterrorism International Terrorism Issues Essay

… Criminal Justice - Counterterrorism


Compare and contrast several definitions of terrorism. Include definitions employed by government agencies as well as by scholars. Which definition do you find to be most accurate or most useful? Why? Also, by extension, why do you find certain definitions deficient?

According to the U.S. State Department, Title 22 of U.S. Code section 2656f (d) defines 'terrorism' as the "premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups of clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience" and defines 'international terrorism' as "terrorism involving citizens or the territory of more than one country." This definition is comprehensive and accurate except that is seems to exclude (1) individual perpetrators and (2) acts of terrorism perpetrated strictly for…. [read more]

2003 Annual Report Global Terrorism Case Study

… The integration of all information and reports of terrorism can provided a vivid picture of perceived terror threats. The analytical and statistical tools should be developed to counter the terrorism threats. The complete integration of all intelligence information provides an opportunity for essential defense mechanism.The rigorous review of the databases, information systems, procedures, interagency process, methodology, criteria, and definitions used to compile international terrorism statistics is required.

Issues and implications for the organization:

The major issues faced by the department are in terms of upgrading the operating mechanism and system developed to integrate information. TTIC requires a complete restricting of its organizational and system infrastructure (French, & Gootzit, 2011). The development of networks and software to receive intelligence information is required to create a clear…. [read more]

American Terrorism for Many People Research Paper

… American Terrorism

For many people, terrorism was first brought to their attention after the events surrounding September 11th. As they were quickly made aware of the underlying threats that these groups can be. However, the last several years have seen a shift in tactics. As many organizations are focused on conducting domestic terrorism. This has caused the number of incidents to increase dramatically. In this research project, we examine the impact that domestic terrorism is having on the nation. As we are looking at how the overall threat has become so severe, that there needs to be a change in this strategy. This will improve the reader's understanding of the threat, through knowing the way this kind of terrorism is: increasing the risks and how…. [read more]

Piracy Maritime Terrorism Term Paper

… Maritime Piracy and Terrorism in the Atlantic and Caribbean Oceans - a Methodology to Counteract

More than six years after the attacks of September 11th, 2001 showed the United States to be a nation deeply vulnerable to the type of attacks which are favored by terrorist organizations, the security policies and approaches to protecting the American people and America's friends and interests remain deeply impeachable. Security responses relating to the combat of foreign wars, the bureaucratic consolidation of American security agencies, the enhancement of surveillance freedoms to be used against the American people and the selling of America's port security to a state-run firm in the United Arab Emirates are all suggestive of a government which has not taken the proper steps to address the…. [read more]

Domestic Terrorism the Al-Qaeda Group Term Paper

… Across the country in many airports faulty metal detectors are letting hundreds through security unchecked. There are also many baggage screeners that are ill trained or not interested in their job and thousands of bags are not screened properly or not screened at all. Many of the screeners are outdated anyway, they can a 2D figure and the screeners are unable to tell a bomb from normal items (Huges). More training and newer equipment are needed to outsmart today's terrorist. The latest in screening devices is the backscatter which takes an x-ray picture of you to see you have any concealed weapons. There are other systems that can scan you for bomb making materials (Halperin). The problem with these is that they are still being…. [read more]

Domestic U.S. Soft Targets the Identification and Vulnerabilities Term Paper

… Terrorism and Domestic "Soft Targets" in the United States

One of the central factors influencing the determination and identification of terrorist "soft targets' in the United States, is the perceived change in terrorist tactics. This has been the focus of many recent studies and refers to the change in focus to more accessible or "softer" targets by terrorists. As Morgan (2004) states, "Most recent scholarship, however, has taken the perspective that contemporary terrorism represents a significant departure from the past" (Morgan, 2004, p.29).

Among the many new aspects that characterize contemporary terrorism is the increase in the indiscriminateness of many terrorist attacks. This has been ascribed to, among others, the influence of the media. "...the saturation of the media with images of terrorist atrocity has…. [read more]

War on International Terrorism and Terrorism Inside Term Paper

… ¶ … war on international terrorism and terrorism inside the U.S.A. is the main theme of mass media and political agendas. War on terrorism opens the eyes of Americans on modern geopolitical situation telling them about events in the remote and unknown parts of the world. Some 5 years ago most of Americans experienced trouble telling anything about Middle East countries, Afghanistan and Yugoslavia, the only thing they could probably say was "they are in war." But somehow the war of those countries concerned Americans on September 11, 2001. Today it had become a tradition to divide modern American history and foreign policy on two periods: before 9/11 and after 9/11. Analysis of historians, political scientists, specialists of Middle East issues had shown that American…. [read more]

US Security the Evolving U.S. Security Theory Essay

… US Security

The Evolving U.S. Security Theory: Cold War, War on Terror and Beyond

For the larger part of the 20th century following World War II, United States security policy revolved on Cold War theories of containment and nation-building. The United States and the Soviet Union were engaged in an indirect form of philosophical, military and economic contention that drove alternate strategies of regional occupation and government propping, as well as arms and space exploration races. America's security priorities and emphases were on the demand to meet communist and Soviet threats abroad and to construct a policy of internal monitoring intended to prevent its internal spread. As we further explore the current security outlook and safety policy vagaries for the United States, particularly those occurring…. [read more]

United States Terrorism - Operations and Training Thesis

… United States Terrorism - Operations and Training, Interactions with the Media, and Domestic Terrorism

Introduction and Brief History

Long before September 11, 2001, terrorism was a sore subject in the United States. Dating back to the 1800s and the Old West with its bands of outlaws, renegade Native American bands, and citizen militias, terrorist attacks made themselves a monumental part of American history. In the 1900s, nationalist terrorism -- or terrorists fueled by allegiances to particular groups or nations -- made the world conscious of its power with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914, a terrorist act that drew the world into war.

Closer to home, president William McKinley was assassinated by a terrorist associated with anarchists, and a series of homegrown bombings…. [read more]

Amounting to Crimes and Terrorism Against Term Paper

… ¶ … amounting to crimes and terrorism against the United States occurred, causing concern among citizens, government officials and the president alike. Almost exactly three years ago, President Bush, in his State of the Union address, mentioned two separate acts against the United States and the manner in which the United States fought against those that had committed the acts. The attacks against the World Trade Center in 1993 were considered to be acts of crime, and the attackers were legally tried, convicted and sent to prison. The attacks on September 11, 2001 were considered to be acts of terror, and war was declared against the attackers. However, there is no current clarity as what acts constitute crimes or acts of terror. This speech raises…. [read more]

How Could a Terrorist Be Radicalized? Essay

… Radical

How could a terrorist be de-radicalised?

terrorism strategies

How Could a Terrorist be Deradicalised?

In the last two decades there has been a rapid increase in the threat of both international and domestic terrorism in the world. This increase has been dramatically emphasized by a number of major terrorist attacks, such as the Oklahoma bombing in 1995, the attack on New York in 2001 as well as the suicide attacks on the London transport system in 2005, among others. These and many others events have not only raised concern in terms of the increased sophistication and the use of modern technologies, but also on the concept and reality of the radicalization of terrorism.

Ii should be noted at the outset that terrorism has a…. [read more]

Mexico: Terrorism and Organized Crime Research Paper

… This is the means through which terrorist groups such as the FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia), Al Qaeda and Lebanese used money from drug trade to expand their political agendas, the previous Taliban regime directly taxed and attained financial gains from Afghanistan's extensive opium trade. According a reported filed in 2000; approximately 80% of the Taliban's financial resources were as a result of tariffs on heroin and opium. The current insurgency of Taliban is supported through exhortation from opium trade. This drug trade also finances a considerable part of the Syrian and Lebanon economy (Annes 104).

The terrorists groups may be engaged in all facets of drug trade, from cultivation, production, transportation and distribution to laundering the profits from this trade. The profits generated…. [read more]

Counterterrorism the Future of Counterterrorism Policies: Examining Literature Review

… Counterterrorism

The Future of Counterterrorism Policies:

Examining Partnerships


Special Operations Forces

Law Enforcement Agencies

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 will never be forgotten by the millions of people who witnessed them, whether live or on television, whether American or foreign, and whether old or young. This date has surely joined others as an infamous date in American history. In addition to the palpable shockwaves of grief and shock that these attacks sent around the world, the September 11 attacks have also ignited a fight between the United States and the forces that plot against it, namely the terrorist forces that exist all around the world, hidden from sight. This "fight" has been labeled by the United States government as a fight against…. [read more]

U.S. Soil Rise in Domestic Terrorism Research Paper

… Governments allegedly support some terrorist groups operating in the Middle East.

The threat posed by radical Islamist terrorist organizations exploded during the Arab Spring in which popular revolutions toppled governments in the Arab World. The revolutions increased the threat posed by Islamist terrorist groups by causing political upheavals, social unrest, and instability. Many terrorist organizations took advantage of the instability in the region to recruit members and to expand their control regionally. For instance, the Syrian revolution failed to remove Assad’s regime, but it weakened the government’s control of large swathes of the country. It also made many Syrians. These and other factors led to ISIS establishing control over large areas of the country and in neighboring Iraq (Ibrahimi & Akbarzadeh, 2019). The initial…. [read more]

Criminal Justice - Counterterrorism Issues Essay

… Criminal Justice - Counterterrorism


What is counterterrorism? Why is it important to understand the motivations behind terrorism when engaged in counterterrorism efforts? What kind of general motives might you find among terrorists in this country and abroad?

Counterterrorism is the full spectrum of governmental law enforcement and military responses to perceived terrorist threats. Effective intelligence collection, analysis, and dissemination requires a comprehensive understanding of terrorist motivation because that knowledge enables investigators to identify terrorist organizations and sources of operational support, financing, and recruiting.

Understanding terrorist motivation also enables authorities to establish effective surveillance techniques as well as counterintelligence operations designed to infiltrate terrorist entities to apprehend individual terrorist leaders and financers and, most importantly, to prevent terrorist attacks.

In the current era of…. [read more]

Al-Qaeda Developing a Coherent Strategy Article

… S. And European nations. These attacks have resulted in the loss of thousands of lives (Post, 2002), and the number continues to grow. Keeping in mind the aforementioned description of Al-Qaeda's background, power structure, operation methods and ideology, one can easily conduct an examination of the strengths and weakness of the group and determine how best to achieve victory over this multi-faced foe.

The Chinese General and military strategist, Sun Tzu, in his book 'The Art of War' (Giles, 2005) has famously said, "To fight and conquer in all our battles, is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy's resistance without fighting." A well-thought out strategy is required to defeat a foe of such vast influence and caliber. It should in no…. [read more]

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