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Iran Intelligence Essay

… There are Directorates for Iraq; Lebanon, Palestine, and Jordan; Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India; Turkey and the Arabian Peninsula; Asian countries of the former Soviet Union, Western nations (Europe and North America), and North Africa."[footnoteRef:9] This depth of influence should not be easily discounted. Many of those in these areas have problems with Israeli-American propaganda. There is a growing body of evidence shows Iran's ties to weapons transportation and distribution.[footnoteRef:10] And it is this capacity that reinforces how well a nation like Iran can still present itself as being bigger in reality than it may be in truth as a war power. [8: Global Security. Qods (Jerusalem) Force, Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC - Pasdaran-e Inqilab) (Accessed December 14, 2011).] [9: A. Cordesman, Iran's…. [read more]

Iran Country Vulnerability Assessment Outlook Research Paper

… Nevertheless, there have been constraints caused by different factors. The gross-Domestic-Product has shown decline last few years. This may be as a result of the population growth. The government is also spending a lot in the military despite the fact that it is not enough. External pressure has been reported especially because of the attacks from Iraq and Afghanistan. This has made the country exposed to attacks because of the many resources it has. The war seems endless and as much as United States of America has shown interest in defending it, United Arab Emirates and Iraq are not giving up.


CIA, "World Fact Book: Iran," [database online], Country Profiles; accessed July 29, 2012.

Library of Congress, "Country Profile: Iran"; available from; Internet;…. [read more]

Iran's Nuclear Threat Essay

… Preventive war is one of the probable consequences in attempts to stop Iran from continuing with its nuclear program and building an atomic bomb. As evident from Iraq's case, preventive war does not have a good history of being effectively executed in light of its outcomes, benefits, and costs. The second probable cause is deterrence threats since the Iran's nuclear program can not only be contained but it can also be deterred. In addition, there is a possibility of invasion and occupation because of the seeming ineffectiveness of deterrence threats. Each of these consequences of Israel's demand could make the issue worse through delaying the nuclear weapons program, moving it into less vulnerable places, and provide inflaming rewards to use such weapons when available.

6.…. [read more]

Iran Problem Diplomatic and Economic Response to a Potential Nuclear Threat Essay

… Iran Problem: Diplomatic and Economic Response to a Potential Nuclear Threat

Iran and diplomacy

The Iran Problem: Diplomatic and Economic Responses to a Potential Nuclear Threat

The dilemma with regard to Iran's nuclear ambitions is summed up succinctly in the following quotation.

The prospect of a nuclear Iran causes acute concern not only in the United States and Israel, but also in Europe, the Middle East

and most of the rest of the world… the consequences of any possible future military action could be wholly counterproductive as well as highly dangerous. Diplomatic solutions to the Iranian nuclear issue must be pursued resolutely.

The sensitivity to this issue has created an increasingly problematic and diverse arena of debate. While there are many conflicting points-of-view on this…. [read more]

Iran Hostage Discussion Questions: Middle East History Research Paper

… Iran Hostage

Discussion Questions: Middle East History

Compare and Contrast the reform policies of Mustafa Kemal and Reza Khan.

In the aftermath of World War I, the world had begun to experience massive structural change, with a wave of imperial collapses producing a groundswell of nationalism and independence movements. The once mighty and respected Ottoman Empire was among these, with decades of retraction and dictatorship unraveling into widespread discontent. So too would be the Kingdom of Persia find itself on the cusp of change, with an historical rule of clergymen and local warlords coalescing into disorder. In these circumstances, Mustafa Kemal and Reza Kahn would emerge to bring about the existence of modern Turkey and Iran respectively.

The great military and political leader, Mustafa Kemal…. [read more]

Iran and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Term Paper

… " (Ibid)

Punishing Iran for its noncompliance with U.S. ideals, however, accomplishes nothing other than further eroding relations between the two countries and worsening the economic situation in Iran. By "inflicting harm on Tehran," the United States has achieved its domestic goal of appearing tough on weapons regulation, but accomplished nothing toward achieving a compromise or understanding with Iran as to why and how it wants to create a defense system. (Ibid) Tanter stresses that this type of international condemnation, through sanctions, has both "an instrumental rehabilitative function -- to change Iran's behavior -- but also a symbolic retributive purpose -- to signal Tehran and the pro-Israel community that wrongs were being righted." (Ibid)

Tanter's analysis leaves the question of what wrongs were being righted.…. [read more]

Iran Instability Thesis

… ]

Rise in occurrences of terrorism

It was back in 1979 when Islamic Revolution was complete and since then Iran has grown consistently to be among those countries that actively support terrorism and terrorist cells across the world. Tehran is one the major states in Iran that is reputed to have equipped, educated, monetarily supported, stimulated, prepared, and otherwise encouraged a large number of terrorist groups through the years. Iran has been known to support not just terrorist cells in the Persian Gulf region, but have also been known to support additional terrorist cells and groups in the regions of Lebanon, Palestine, Bosnia and Philippines amongst other places. This encouragement and backup has sustained to stay strong in recent times as well: the U.S. administration…. [read more]

Iranian and Global Nuclear Realism Essay

… The real issue of the progressive advancement of nuclear technologies and the emergence of the Stutnex is more troubling, however. The U.S., the EU or players like Saudi Arabia actually using or supporting these kinds of cyber attacks can be destabilizing to many of their allies. Like an Avatar in a videogame, the attack can come from anywhere and be launched by anyone. But even if the aggressor is just a larger multinational, there is no way to know what the results could be. As mentioned, right now it appears that the Stutnex is aimed at just Iran, which has to make it worry about whether it will still be in the power game in the future. But other countries could well worry in their…. [read more]

Why China Backs Iran Research Paper

… ¶ … China backs Iran

China and Iran are two of the most significant countries of the world in general and Asia and Middle East in particular. Since the two countries are neighbors, the two countries are of strategic importance to each other. China is called the factory of the world as it manufactures almost everything that is available in any market of the world. On the other hand, Iran's oil reserves are what make it an important country. With a great deal of instability in the region pertaining to the War on Terrorism in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the two countries are enjoyed good ties with each other. The measure of the relationship between the countries can be assessed from the fact that the number…. [read more]

Doing Business in Another Country Thesis

… ¶ … Business in another Country

Iran Analysis

When deciding upon the option of opening a business in a foreign location, any company, no matter its size or field of activity, must conduct a thorough analysis of the factors that might influence the company's presence in the country in case. Cultural differences are very important factors that must be analyzed and taken into consideration. Even more, the entire strategy must be built on these cultural aspects.

The stability or instability of the economic, political, cultural environment may be decisive for the well-functioning of the company. In a country like Iran, characterized by such cultural and religious differences in comparison with Western civilizations, the environment is quite risky and may cause a series of turbulences for…. [read more]

iran and saudi arabia proxy wars Research Paper

… The United States worked with religious leaders to foment a coup, thus planted the seed for the Iranian Revolution of 1979 ('Sunnis and Shia: Islam's Ancient Schism' 1). The Iranian Revolution had one of the biggest and most significant impacts in starting what are now the proxy wars between Iran and Saudi Arabia. Whereas before 1979, the Sunnis enjoyed near-complete control, the Revolution meant that Iran was going to wield power economically and politically, using religion as an important 'tool of power' (Koelbi, Shafy and Zand 1). Strategically forming religious ties with Shia groups scattered throughout the Gulf and other oil-producing regions, Iran started to exacerbate the sectarianism that was growing increasingly evident as wealth disparity grew. Oil fueled sectarianism, as Sunni governments grew fat…. [read more]

sunni shia saudi arabia iran new cold war Literature Review

… " Foreign Affairs. 16 May 2017. Web. 16 May 2017.
Miller, Aaron David, and Jason Brodsky. "Saudi Arabia and Iran's Forever Fight." Foreign Affairs. 15 May 2017. Web. 15 May 2017.
Nasr, V. R. (2007, January 17). Prepared Testimony before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. Retrieved May 19, 2017, from relations-0
Ostovar, Afshon. "Soldiers of the Revolution." Foreign Affairs. 24 June 2017. Web. 24 June 2017.
"The New Sectarianism: The Arab Uprisings and the Rebirth of the Shi'a-Sunni Divide." Publishers Weekly, 12 Sept. 2016, p. 49. Literature Resource Center. Accessed 24 March, 2017.
'What is the difference between Sunni and Shia Muslims?' The Economist. 29 May 2013. Web. 24 Apr. 2017.
Carpenter, A. C. (2014). Community Resilience to Sectarian Violence in Baghdad. New…. [read more]

UAE 3 Occupied Islands Term Paper

… UAE Islands

Throughout the world there are many different disputes related to state sovereignty. At the current time such a dispute exist between the United Arab Emirates and Iran as it pertains to the UAE islands of 'Tumb Al Kubra, Tumb Al Soghra and Abu Musa'. The purpose of this discussion is to explain the issue of Iran's occupation of the UAE islands and present an international law perspective on this issue while also presenting diplomatic ways of resolving the conflict.

The conflict between UAE and Iran

The current conflict between UAE and Iran has a long history. According to, United Arab Emirates: a new perspective, the origin of the conflict actually stemmed from Islamic conquest of the seventeenth century which involved the islands and…. [read more]

International Relations of Middle East Term Paper

… Political Science

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein waged war against his neighbors twice. First, against the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1980; second, against Kuwait in 1990.

Both the Iran-Iraq War of 1980 and the Iraq-Kuwait Conflict of 1990 are examples of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's aggression. The military conflicts, which both were identified as the Persian Gulf or Gulf War at one time, involved the president's desire for a natural resource and his turning to violence and aggression in order to get it. A boarder dispute was at the heart of President Saddam Hussein and Iraq's decision to invade neighboring Iran in 1980. Historically, the boarder between the two states had been a source of Middle Eastern conflict, dating back to Iraq's days as…. [read more]

International Politics Term Paper

… International Politics: Is Bush Planning an Assault on Iran?

Is the Bush Administration secretly planning to invade Iran with ground forces, or launch sudden preemptive air strikes, in a calculated attack on the Islamic nation that Bush has called "a rogue nation"? Will it be an attack similar to the one which the U.S. launched its assault on Iraq? Is attacking Iran a good idea, strategically or in terms of international diplomacy? And what evidence is there that would indicate an American plan as provocative as an attack on Iran, in particular given the disastrous, seemingly endless war the U.S. finds itself bogged down with in Iraq? These are questions that cry out for answers in an unstable world that looks to the U.S. For…. [read more]

Persepolis Love of Country Essay

… (Moghadam 1135)

The kind of backlash that would occur if an expatriate woman, activist or not, social mover and shaker or not is always substantial when she returns to her home nation as even if she has every intention to live by restrictive cultural standards she is often held in contempt by her society as she is perceived as having been corrupted by western ideals. She is held to an even more conservative standard and must to a large degree prove her loyalty by basically living in silence. (Moghadam 1135) Living in silence, behind a veil does not serve her greater purpose, to reform and build her society and reestablish or establish a greater human condition. There is nothing about this paradigm that necessarily flies…. [read more]

Latin American Terrorism Issues Research Paper

… United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)

This group of terrorist is relatively weak and less active. Very few activities have been reported by this group. It has more than 32000 members dismissed. Thus, it remains inactive as a formal group. Despite of its less activities, many old members of AUC are engaged in criminal activities mostly drug trafficking, in newly emerging criminal organizations (known as BACRIM, BandasCriminalesEmergentes). This newly emerging group has more than 3500 and less than 6000 members. To cope with this situation, Colombian government has taken multiple steps and made new laws. These laws are being implemented properly in order to generate peace in the region. One of the unique and most effective laws made in this context is the thorough and…. [read more]

Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq Literature Review

… Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq

Private investment in developing countries

An overview on early Empirical studies

In 1980s, the developing countries encountered some increment in their development behaviours with debt crisis, which affected the formation of capital. Concurrently, the affected countries were transforming from the post-era to a structural reform efforts. In mid 1980s, the developing countries adopted the reform programs within the new paradigms (Serven&Salimano, 1993) & (Jaspersen, Aylward&Sumlinski, 1970). Consequently, this led to the formation of environmental private sector that highly relied on the existing market. The formation and implementation of the new policies affected the availability of response to the private investments. The debt crisis lowered the private investments within the developing countries and this disheartened them. The…. [read more]

Management of Technology in Developing Peer Reviewed Journal

… Even after a country has taken steps to overcome these impediments, it may still find itself unable to effectively implement its industrial development policies or enjoy the benefits of globalization. This may be due to a group of impediments collectively referred to as "exogenous variables" in Table 1.1. These are "external" factors over which the country has no direct and effective control (Chua, 2010). The sources of exogenous variables are many and varied. As I have discussed, for weak states they may be associated with internal discord and the inability of the government to hold the country together let alone implement industrial development policies. They may be caused by acts of God, as often happens with small island and coastal states that periodically suffer from…. [read more]

Country Evaluation Pakistan Research Paper

… So it provides cost benefit to the foreign investors. Moreover, there is high rate of unemployment in the country so it would not be easier for the foreign investor to hire skilled worker at minimum wage rate.

Transport and Communication

The current situation of transport is not quite well. Pakistan Railway and Pakistan International Airlines are going through crisis. However, the Cabinet Committee of Restructuring has approved the restructured framework for Pakistan Railway. The Government has allocated Rupees 6 billion for repair of trains and freight operations. Moreover private sector has also started running a passenger train.

The telecom sector is booming in the country and has made 68.3% increases in April 2012. The electronic media industry has gone through U.S. $2.5 billion investment.

Environment…. [read more]

5th Fleet in Bahrain Term Paper

… Ultimately, Tehran's only credible choice is to disrupt activity in this major Gulf trade route. Is the Strait of Hormuz really vital to the world's oil market? The answer is: Much less than it used to be.

US and EU Oil Embargo & Iranian Nuclear Program

The decision on an EU embargo on oil exports from Iran was expected on 30 January but as yet no information has emerged. This paper considers the potential outcomes of such an embargo, assuming it is imposed. The initial impact is that the EU countries will have to get alternative supplies to replace their imports of heavy, sour crude from Iran. The right numbers are uncertain. According to OPEC, in 2010 Iran exported 890,000 barrels per day (b/d) to…. [read more]

Authoritarian Modernization Research Proposal

… Authoritarian Modernization

The reforms undertaken in Iran and Turkey by Reza Shah Pahlavi and Kemal Ataturk respectively, during the early half of the previous century, are two classical cases of authoritarian modernization in the study of political science. Comparisons have frequently been drawn between the two regimes in spite of significant differences existing between the Safavid or Qajar empires and the Ottoman Empire. However, both the regimes acted as catalysts in the transformation of outdated and archaic empires to modern republics trying to keep pace with the progressive western world.

Historical Background

Reza Shah Pahlavi

Reza Shah Pahlavi was the founder and first monarch of the Pahlavi dynasty. Reza Shah Pahlavi was born as Reza Khan in 1878 in a small village called Alasht located…. [read more]

Geopolitical Analysis of China From the President's Perspective Essay

… Geopolitical Analysis of China From the President's Perspective

Agreement/Disagreement with author's opinion

Instruments of National Power

Analysis of entire region



Israel-Palestine Conflict and the role of U.S.




A Geopolitical Analysis of China from the President's Perspective

This paper is a personal reflection of an opinion article (OPED). The article appeared in Eurasia Review and was written by Maitreya Buddha Samantaray. The following response to this piece of writing is presented assuming the role of President of the United States of America. The review article will include opinion on the quality of analysis done by the writer from a perspective of the U.S. president. Agreement or disagreement with the author's premise regarding geopolitical analysis of China will be presented and substantiated…. [read more]

National Security Implications of Transnational Essay

… S. banks. China is trying to steal patents and U.S. technology that companies keep in their sites and in their computers, and the attack on Government increased almost nine fold, to "48,562 in fiscal 2012 from 5,503 in 2006.

Thus Afghanistan, Pakistan, or the region in terms of stability and U.S. concerns, and from Afghanistan the post-withdrawal relationship with the governments involved, the level of development and security it desires, and what kind of peace are not clear. Afghanistan is one example where making and arming insurgents have made the proverbial finger poke the eye. This type of criminals is entering the U.S. As legal and illegal immigrants too.

Illegal Immigrants and Crime

Illegal immigration also causes burdens in the economy and affects national safety.…. [read more]

Interventionism From the Perspective Case Study

… These studies serve as the foundation for this present analysis.

Other studies have shown that foreign military intervention can easily be conducted even if they are in violation of the United Nations charter and lack authorization of the Security Council (Cassese 1999). This shows that countries can and do act on their own in engaging in interventionism. The motives for doing so are what this study plans to investigate.

A number of Western countries support humanitarian interventionism but they have not yet intervened in Syria. The reality behind humanitarian interventionism is that there are clear political, geopolitical, and economical consequences to every foreign intervention. Intervention is not merely a humanitarian crusade but rather a highly explosive affair that can cripple countries' infrastructures and have global…. [read more]

Language of News Reporting Thesis

… Language of News Reporting

In the modern era most journalism analysts concentrate on the impact that the text and language used in an article has on overall results attained. For example, Blommeart in his study conducted in 1999 explains:

"Texts generate their publics, publics generate their texts and the analysis of 'meanings' now has to take into account a historiography of the context of production, the mechanisms and instruments of reproduction and reception, ways of storage and remembering." (pg. 5-6)

This simply means that both the text of the journalism and the audience of journalism have an integrating and two-way impact on how each is influenced. This is why it is safe to say that the while the language of journalism can and does impact…. [read more]

Foreign Immigrant Groups California Share Essay

… a.: Univ. Of Chicago

Press, 2007. Print

Chen, Edith W.-C, and Grace J. Yoo. Encyclopedia of Asian-American Issues Today. Santa Barbara, Calif: Greenwood Press, 2010. Print.

Zu-n-iga, Vi-ctor, and Rube-n Herna-ndez-Leo-n. New Destinations: Mexican Immigration in the United States. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2006. Print.

Powell, John. Encyclopedia of North American Immigration. New York: Facts On File, 2005.

Internet resource.

Mobasher, Mohsen M. Iranians in Texas: Migration, Politics, and Ethnic Identity. Austin:

University of Texas Press, 2012. Print.

Nomani, Farhad, and Sohrab Behdad. Class and Labor in Iran: Did the Revolution

Matter-Syracuse, N.Y: Syracuse Univ. Press, 2006. Print.

Parker, Lewis K. Why Vietnamese Immigrants Came to America. New York: PowerKids Press,

2003. Print.

Bui, Hoan N. In the Adopted Land: Abused Immigrant Women and…. [read more]

Israeli Palestinian Conflict and the Middle East Term Paper

… International Politics

The Threat of Terrorism the Context of International Relations between the U.S. And the Middle East

The threat of terrorism in the U.S. is inextricably linked to the events in the Middle East and the perceived role of the U.S. many of those events; especially in the Israeli/Palestinian disputes. The U.S. is a major power and the country has not been afraid to use that power in international relations. It is the way that the power has been used, often for the support of Israel, to the detriment of Arabic nations.

To appreciate this one can look at the way in which the U.S. has supported Israel, this was seen with the 'friendship' formed between Kennedy and David Ben-Gurion (Bass 2). Building ion…. [read more]

Hezbollah the Formation and Perpetuation Research Paper

… Though Hezbollah's basic goals did not change following the terrorist attacks of September 11th, 2001, its self-positioning and certain of its actions have undergone significant changes in the past decade that have given the organization even greater legitimacy and political power within Lebanon and the larger region of the Middle East -- and even in the West, to some degree.

Continuing to engage in only the same actions and attitudes it had practiced for twenty years, engaging in guerilla and rocket attacks on Israeli targets, agitating the public through speeches and propaganda, and other common elements of terrorist organizations, would almost certainly have made Hezbollah a much more prominent target for Western ire. Though this would not necessarily have spelled doom for the organization it…. [read more]

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