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Islamic Civilization Essay

… It is the beginning of the Abbasid caliphate which historians often mark as the beginning of the "Golden Age" of Islam, and in fact, "Persians had played a distinguishing part of the flowering of Muslim literature in Arabic…" (Maceachern 31) And while Arabic was heavily influenced by the Persian language and its literature, the pre-Islamic language of Persia, which most Persians retained, also became heavily influenced by Arabic words, as well as being written in the Arabic script.

From the time of the fall of the Umayyid dynasty, sometime around 750, the Islamic world has been divided among various factions. One of these factions, which traced its origin to the daughter of Mohammed, Fatima, was the Fatimid dynasty. This caliphate primarily ruled over North Africa,…. [read more]


Islam Is Not a Violent Religion Term Paper

… Islam

For all the destruction and bloodshed inflicted upon the world by Muslim fanatics, Islam is, in essence and in its original form, not a violent religion.

Burhan, Faysal. The Prophet of Islam and the Jews: Basis of Conduct, Acceptance,

Respect and Cooperation. Institute of Arabic and Islamic Studies, 2007. Retrieved on November 21, 2007 from www.islamic-study.org/Islam%20%Denounce%20Violence.htm

http://www.islamic-study.org/Islam%20%Denounce%20Violence.htm

The author writes about the basis of conduct as taught by the Koran. The Islamic faith is founded on certain principles. These include free will and choice, peaceful dialogue, acceptance and understanding, disapproval of terrorism and non-violence. Every Muslim is bound to conduct intellectual dialogue with others to establish and improve relations. Islam teaches Muslims to be kind, tolerant, and understanding and to develop bonds with all…. [read more]


Islam Is One of the Largest Thesis

… Islam is one of the largest and fastest growing religions in the world, and its tenets have permeated the culture and politics of many regions of the globe. The religion is staunchly monotheistic. Islam borrows much from its predecessor faiths Christianity and Judaism and collectively the three Middle Eastern religions are referred to as being "of the Book," since all three value the Old Testament as a sacred text. However, Islam represents a significant divergence from both Christianity and Judaism. Clashes between Islam, Christianity and Judaism have as much to do about clash of culture and power struggles as about differing theologies.

The evolution of Islam, like the evolution of Christianity, has been inextricably woven in with the evolution of political structures and social institutions.…. [read more]


Islam Ibn Khaldun Conceptualized History Research Paper

… Non-Muslim residents in regions now controlled by Muslim groups were accepted, tolerated, interacted with and traded with in unprecedented waves of inter-cultural communication. Baghdad became a central point of power for the Middle Period Muslim world, and yet was still not a centralized government by any means. Constantinople and Cairo vied with Baghdad as just a few of several centers of learning, arts, and politics. The spread of Islam throughout the Maghreb and into Spain further diversified the cultural and political landscapes of the Muslim world. The impact on regional economies was tremendous, as trade not only flowed more freely but also with a greater diversity of products, services, and ideas. The Middle Period of Islam heralded globalization.

The period was not without bloodshed though,…. [read more]


Islam Democracy Essay

… Islam Democracy

In the early nineties, a major historical event was announcing the new order of the world, together with the beginning of a distinctive era: the Cold War had finally ended, proclaiming the incontestable victory of democracy. Its opponents of any kind had been defeated.

Ever since, democracy and capitalism have become synonyms with progress, benefits and wealth and their derived principles have been widely adopted. Nowadays, one cannot imagine living otherwise than in a democratic manner, on the solid ground of equality, universal human rights and autonomy. Political leaders talk about democracy as the main goal to be achieved by a state and, most of the times, it becomes the most important indicator for measuring the level of development in a certain country…. [read more]


Islam in the Age Term Paper

… In fact, marketing and branding bring the world together more than politics, culture, and even religion. From a marketing perspective, the Islamic market has been poorly understood, largely because of issues surrounding the dual nature of branding and religion. Part of marketing is giving the consumer what they want. The opening of Muslim markets combined with the rise in immigration of Muslims to Western countries is significant, particularly when combined with the influx of globalization on Muslim countries. Consumer product firms pay attention to these types of trends, in fact, "the global Muslim population is expected to increase at a rate of 35 per cent, rising to 2.2 billion by 2030, or 26.4 per cent of the world's total projected population of 8.3 billion" (The…. [read more]


Islamic Fascism Following a Series Essay

… 121). These groups are particularly important because they are able to transfer substantial funds across international borders while relatively little suspicion due to the fact that humanitarian organizations frequently operate in a number of countries at once, and particularly in unstable or failing states that provide the most attractive haven for transnational terrorist organizations. In the aftermath of 9/11, "scores of charities and individuals have been blacklisted both by the UN and by individual jurisdictions," but the ubiquity of transnational non-governmental organizations means that charities continue to serve as an important element of transnational Islamic Fascism, allowing it to move funds in and out of the United States free from substantial oversight (Romaniuk, 2012, p. 154).

One reason charities constitute such an important element of…. [read more]


Islam Teaches That Faith Must Come First Essay

… Islam teaches that faith must come first and that it cannot be tailored to fit around secular lives. At the heart of the commitment it demands is the concept of the Pillars of Faith, a concept shared by all branches of the religion. The number of pillars varies among the different Islamic traditions but all of them represent duties incumbent upon every member of the Muslim faith. The pillars are guidelines for leading a good and responsible life according to Allah's teachings. The pillars shape the daily lives of the more than one billion Muslims worldwide. In the wake of September 11, and more recently the bombings at the Boston Marathon, Muslims attracted considerable negative attention. It can be difficult for Americans to remember that…. [read more]


Islamic and Democracy Existing Side Research Proposal

… Moreover, Muslim democrats including professor of political science from the American University of Beirut (Ahmed Moussalli) argued that some of the concepts within the Quran point out different forms of democracy. Such concepts are "al-huqquq al-shar'iyya" (legitimate rights), "al-hurriyya" (freedom), "ijma" (consensus), "shura" (consultation). For instance "shura" (Ash-Shura 42:38, Al Imran 3:159). Therefore this information will be reflected in our research. If these concepts are going to be preached widely through assistance of the democrats Muslims, people will be aware and embrace the concepts thereby upholding democracy (David Bukay, 2007).

Methodology

Research design will be based on interviews and observation of several groups of people, the religious leaders, the political leaders, and the local people in Pakistan, and the setting will include religious houses, residential…. [read more]


Islam and Politics Term Paper

… Islam and Politics

The Islamic states have yet to develop and adjust to the realities of today in order to be considered democratic states. The leadership of such countries does not truly respect the human rights considered essential nor grants the inhabitants the right to participate in the political process.

Bernard Lewis and Robin Wright, at the Johns Hopkins University, wrote in 1996 an essay called "Islam and Liberal Democracy: Recognizing Pluralism." In their paper they explain their belief regarding the status of locals in the political process. According to them, most Muslims live their lives in accordance with the teachings of the Qur'an, as they believe the Book to be God's final message to humanity. Therefore, most Islamists try to live their lives by…. [read more]


Islam and the West Term Paper

… The author also argues that as religion has been banished from the political spheres, its presence in other cultures becomes a yardstick through which these secular cultures consider them progressive. (Pasha) That is to say those Western cultures consider secularism as a fundamental for the existence of any state, and those which have religion as their ideology are considered old and hypocritical. This is because the state and the church were the same in medieval West. However as the advanced through time and became intellectually enlightened the role of the church was marginalized. Western scholars being Eurocentric hence consider that as their region progresses other cultures too will progress, therefore those states which have religion as the underlying political ideology, in their opinion are in…. [read more]


Islam and the Clash Term Paper

… More precisely, the author makes reference to the clear confrontation between the Western and the "so-called terrorists." Therefore, it is argued that the difference between the two sides is not necessarily determined by the significant gap between civilizations but rather by the historical background the relations between the groups have in terms of colonial experiences. In this sense, the historical legacy of the colonial period, when all states on the African continent, in the Middle East were at one point the colonies of a Western power. This attracted certain reluctance in terms of accepting and dealing with cultural differences such as the one between the Western image of religion and the Islamic one.

At the same time however, there are certain cultural differences that do…. [read more]


Islamic Women -- Ottoman Empire Essay

… As for the wife's feelings, she felt "less of a threat to her position as mistress of the household from the slaves than from any additional legal wives," Davis explains; the slaves were required to obey the wife, so there was some leverage there (88). The author notes that polygamy was practiced at the time of Muhammad and while "there is no real evidence that he tried to abolish it," he did try to "contain it" (88).

Meantime, the practice of having a harem -- especially for the wealthy and powerful in the society -- was not unusual in the 18th and 19th centuries. Davis references scholar Charles White on the matter of how women got into harems and what that life was like for…. [read more]


Islam and Democracy Term Paper

… Islam

The question of whether or not Islam is compatible with democracy depends more on a definition of Islam than on a clarification of democracy. Democracy is more than just the external political and social institutions such as having a representative Parliament. In fact, democratic forms of government are diverse. The American governmental system differs significantly from that of Great Britain's or France's and yet all these nations are considered to be democratic. The definition of democracy, therefore, stems mainly from European Enlightenment philosophy which trumps individual freedoms and personal liberties over any state intervention. The core philosophy of democracy is what is important, and not what form that philosophy ultimately takes. Islam would seem to be as compatible with democracy as any other world…. [read more]


Islam and Democracy in Malaysia Literature Review

… Democracy and Islam in Malaysia

In this short essay, the author will examine the issue of democracy and Islam in Malaysia with a topical literature review. To wit, we will consider whether or not democracy and Islam are compatible in a modern society. This will be considered in various different areas. Unfortunately, the results are mixed at best, with Islam heavily overshadowing the Malaysian social fabric, although the tension between Malays and non-Malays is a second important factor.

Western democracy and banking have made their way into Malaysia. In an article by Samal Abdus, his article examines the performance of Bahrain's interest-free Islamic banks and also the interest-based conventional commercial banks in the post war period after the first Gulf War. This with respect to…. [read more]


Islamic Extremism in Britain Term Paper

… Islamic Extremism in Britain

How Did a Minority of the Current Generation of British Muslims, Mainly Children and Grandchildren of Muslim Asian Immigrants to Britain After World War 2, Turn to Islamic Extremism, and How Much Influence Did the Preachings of the Fundamentalist Cleric Abu Hamza Al-Masri and His Contemporaries, Have on Them?]

"Euro-Islam: A Cultural Phenomenon" states that the Muslim population in Europe "bears many similarities to other immigrant groups. A large proportion of Muslims have withdrawn into isolation, partly because it is imposed upon them and partly as a matter of choice. Many seem to live alongside, rather than constitute part of, European society." (Schwerin, 2004) This fact has led many to have the concern that these communities, closed as they are, might…. [read more]


Islam How Did Contemporary Circumstances Term Paper

… War was the main reason of stability in Caliphate.

Shiites ( -- shia -- party, sect) were unsatisfied people by Caliphates politics. As H. Kennedy wrote, Shiites were Persians who resisted Arabs in Iran which was conquered by Caliphate. But this was much later. Everything began with fierce conflict between Muhammad's successors. Fourth Caliph Ali was Muhammad's relative, that's why some Muslims didn't consider previous Caliphs legitimate (they were not Muhammad's relatives and were elected by Islamic community). Ali was assassinated and his followers were defeated, but they stayed in Iran and Iraq and spread Shiite movement there. Now assassinated Ali and his sons Hasan and Hussein are treated by Shiites as martyrs.

Shiites are very aggressive and hate Sunnites only because of that ancient…. [read more]


Islam Religion in the Arab Term Paper

… Shiite Muslims honor Ali, the cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, and Ali's descendants, whom they believe should be the leaders of the Muslim community. Shiah comes from the Arabic phrase shiat Ali, meaning supporters of Ali. The majority of the Muslims in Iraq are members of the Shiah branch of Islam. Most Arabs living southeast of Baghdad belong to this sect of Islam. They see authority as residing in twelve imams, starting with Ali, who was born in about AD 600, and ending with Muhammad al-Mahdi, who was born in about AD 868. They believe this last imam is still alive, in a miraculous state of concealment from human view. He will return at the end of time to restore justice on earth. A small…. [read more]


Islam Many Muslims Are Proud to Think Term Paper

… Islam

Many Muslims are proud to think that their religion, Islamism, was the least endangered by the passing of the centuries. The clash between tradition and modernity, the changing of society structures and the industrial revolution, all these factors have led to religious reforms. Tradition is very important to Islam, but the diversity of the people who share this religion is so big that even the pillars of this monotheistic religion are coming into question and feel shaken at some points in history. According to Seyyd Hossein Nassr, a billion two hundred million people have this religion in common (Nasr, p. 2).

Donna Lee Bowen and Evelyn a. Early have edited the book Everyday Life in the Muslim Middle East, a book that gathers short…. [read more]


Islam the Ottoman Empire Itself Essay

… It is wrong to assume that Islam is unique in this respect.

The film presents several links between Islam and contemporary Western civilization. For one, the film shows how Islam is integrated in modern societies around the world, and many of these societies have adopted Western values and social institutions even while retaining a core Muslim basis. The film also explains how Islamic law and culture preclude a desire for complete assimilation, as it is impossible to create a monoculture that also preserves the integrity of Islam. Contemporary Islam is necessarily not in conflict with contemporary Western civilization, but it is important to address the many points of misunderstanding. This film was not challenging as much as it was enriching. I learned a few new…. [read more]


Religion in Indonesia Islam Essay

… Religion in Indonesia

Islam in Indonesia

Islam was largely the dominant faith in Indonesia with the largest tally of adherents that constituted approximately 87% of the total populace in 1985 (Kipp, 2002 p. 78). This heightened percentage of Muslims in the Indonesian dispensation made the nation the greatest Islamic nation globally in the epoch of early 1990. Most islands and provinces in the nation had a large populace of Islamic adherents. According to the conformist practice, Islam is a stringent monotheistic faith in which Allah is omnipresent. Muslims do not classify Prophet Muhammad as God but regard the Prophet as a servant of Allah who would spread the word to the people from the Quran. Islam is a faith based on elevated moral principles and…. [read more]


Teachings and Practice of Islam Research Paper

… This means there are much more Muslims living in areas like the United States and Great Britain than ever before. Many of these individuals have had to adjust how they practice Islam in order to fit into the legal mold of such Western nations, were religion is kept out of state affairs.

Still, despite growing numbers of Muslim inhabitants of Western nations, they must still often fight against preconceived stereotypes. In most Western nations, like the United States and Great Britain, Muslims are still seen as outsiders. The research claims that "they are classified, officially and in popular parlance, as ethnic Arabs, Africans, and Asians," (Shamsul, 2006, p 68). Those who follow Islam tend to be stereotyped into tight categories in the West. This then…. [read more]


Elements Within Islam That Led to the Terrorist Acts Research Paper

… Islamic Extremists

An Analysis of Islamic Extremism and Its Role in 9/11

Islamic Extremists are represented by the United States government as being the perpetrators behind 9/11. Yet, many independent researchers do not accept such a simplistic representation. This paper will look at the elements within Islam that are said to have led to the acts of 9/11 and show how Americans view Islam as a shield for terrorism. In other words, it will consider Islamic Extremism as it is both represented in politics and media and as it actually exists in the chronicles of historians and the independent research of journalists.

Even though ordinary Muslims do not accept the view that Islamic radicals were responsible for the terrorist attacks on 9/11 (Kull 129), few…. [read more]


Islamic Movements Come to Dominate Term Paper

… After the Islamic revolution in Iran the new political structures that were instated ensured that fundamentalist Islamic point-of-view became synonymous with the new Iran. For instance, in 1982 Khomeini insisted that Iran's courts discard all secular legal codes and base their decisions solely on Islamic regulations. (Cleveland 423) To oppose Islamic fundamentalism in Iran was not only to stand against the new regime, it was to engage in an act of heresy. Democracy was decadent, and Western, and to adopt the Western political mindset was to disastrously weaken the nation.

In this text, Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam Gilles Kepel in Chapter 5 states that Iran, in the wake of the death of Khomeni, has since attempted to reform some of its strictures, instating…. [read more]


Islam: Gender and Family Term Paper

… ¶ … Islam: Gender and Family

Within the varying interpretations of Islam there are many varied views on the institution of marriage, specifically on the number of wives one is allowed or sanctified to have, the wearing of the veil by women and lastly female circumcision. These varied interpretations have led to varied applications and laws that dictate the diversity of the very mildest forms of the application of these ideas to the most extreme.

Differing interpretations of Islam

Marriage

Polygamy

Interpretation

The Veil

Interpretation

Female Circumcision

Interpretation

Within the diverse regions of Islam there are many diverse and sometimes conflicting interpretations of the word of the Qur'an. The Qur'an itself is said to be the word of the Prophet, though there are texts that…. [read more]


Power, Interdependence, and Nonstate Actors Research Paper

… Power, Interdependence, And Nonstate Actors in World Politics

Power, Interdependence, and Non-state Actors in World Politics

In the late 1970s, new approaches emerged concerning international relations. Although the constituents of the new approaches appear in numerous literatures, several political scholars combined the themes in the various literatures to develop a competitor to realism, which later led to the formulation of neo-realism. This model was first discussed in Power and Interdependence; however, this approach is currently popular and referred to as neo-liberal institutionalism. After three decades since Power and Interdependence, numerous studies suggest that this new model has gained significant international relations. On the other hand, After Hegemony, which is core to the neo-liberal model, provided the most compelling theoretical support for the existences and role…. [read more]


Cass Sustein's Politics Term Paper

… He describes journalism as a continuing course in adult education.

Moyers was one of the journalists to uncover the Iran/contra scandal, and also the Democrats unbridled and illegal fundraising in 1996. He argues that he lost underwriters through his covering of such stories, and describes how he found that he could not propose controversial subjects to underwriters, for fear that they would not cover him. Then he describes how The Mutual of America agreed to support his journalism, so that he could begin to uncover 'tricky' subjects through his writing.

He then moves on to a discussion of his own politics, agreeing with Roosevelt's thoughts, that the central fact of his era was that economic power had become so centralized and dominant that it could…. [read more]


Comparison in Comparative Politics Term Paper

… Comparison in Comparative Politics

Comparative politics seek to find the similarities and differences
between different countries in order to help explain the cause and effects
of political actions. In this way, even studies of comparisons covering
vastly different topics can have much in common. Peter Uvin, in his 1999
article "Ethnicity and Power in Burundi and Rwanda: Different Paths to Mass
Violence" seeks an explanation to ethnic violence in Burundi and Rwanda and
how Burundi and Rwanda reached their level of violence resulting from
politics. On an entirely different subject, in 2005, Michael McFaul in
"Transitions from Postcommunism," looks for the common factors that will
lead to a transition from authoritarianism to democracy. In comparing the
post communist regimes, he uses Serbia, Ukraine, and Georgia…. [read more]


Political Framework of Islam Term Paper

… The responsibility for the administration of the government in an Islamic state is entrusted to an amir (leader) who may be compared to the president or the prime minister in a Western democratic state. All adult men and women who subscribe to the fundamentals of the constitution are entitled to vote for the election of the amir. The basic qualifications for an amir are that he should command the confidence if the majority in respect of his knowledge and grasp of the spirit of Islam, that he should posses the Islamic quality of fear of Allah and that he should be endowed with qualities of statesmanship. In short, he should have both virtue and ability. A shoora (Advisory council) is also elected by the people…. [read more]


Islam in America Term Paper

… Islam in America

Shari'ah:

The origin of this word Shari'ah is from Shara'a and a few other names of it are Shar', Shir'ah and Tashri'. The Shari'ah represents the canonical laws of the Islam religion. The legislative power of the government rests with the legislative assembly and the legislators are to formulate rules and conventions within the range and scope of the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet or s.a.w. These rules form the Shari'ah. (Sharia'h: (www.usc.edu)

Sharia" is conventional Islamic law, which is also referred to as Allah's Law. Typically Islam draws no difference between religious and secular life. Thus Sharia includes not only holy rites, but also many features of everyday life. The phrase itself means way to water or a break…. [read more]

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