Viewing papers 1-30 of 52 for islamic AND extremism AND in AND britain

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Islamic Extremism in Britain Term Paper

… Islamic Extremism in Britain

How Did a Minority of the Current Generation of British Muslims, Mainly Children and Grandchildren of Muslim Asian Immigrants to Britain After World War 2, Turn to Islamic Extremism, and How Much Influence Did the Preachings of the Fundamentalist Cleric Abu Hamza Al-Masri and His Contemporaries, Have on Them?]

"Euro-Islam: A Cultural Phenomenon" states that the Muslim population in Europe "bears many similarities to other immigrant groups. A large proportion of Muslims have withdrawn into isolation, partly because it is imposed upon them and partly as a matter of choice. Many seem to live alongside, rather than constitute part of, European society." (Schwerin, 2004) This fact has led many to have the concern that these communities, closed as they are, might…. [read more]


Islam Radicalization Essay

… Islam Radicalization

The Radicalization of Islam

The forces of economic, political and religious distinction which have driven a wedge between the Western World and the Arab world are steeped in a long history of divergent interests. The conflict as we know it today, largely waged between the United States and such long-standing allies as the United Kingdom and Australia, is the fallout of centuries of subjugation, exploitation and occupation. The colonial forces of Europe and the United States exist on a continuum within which Arab states and cultures, once themselves a dominant and imperial global entity, have developed both historical and modern motives for violent and militant resistance. These motives relate as much to a sense of political resentment as they do to a belief…. [read more]


Regional Studies Islam in Europe Term Paper

… ¶ … European Muslims in the Aftermath of 911

The impact of the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001 and subsequent terrorist related events have had a profound and far - reaching impact on the situation of Muslims in Europe. The very structure of Muslim life as well as the way that they are perceived in Europe has undergone a significant change. While the integration of the Islamic religion and culture in Europe was problematic before the events of 9/11, the situation has been exacerbated by the events of 9/11 and has impacted on a variety of aspects of Muslim life.

These various aspects will be explored in this paper, as well as the changing perceptions of Muslim in Europe. An important issue is how…. [read more]


September 11 Term Paper

… Before the attacks on the World Trade Center took place, people from different origins lived there safely without being targeted in any way. They set up their businesses there and lived peacefully. There was a sense of security that prevailed for all people living in the U.S., and there was a great respect for human life no matter what color caste or creed. Even if differences did significantly exist, the media did not splash them out as it is today.

Since the attacks on the World Trade Center took place, all residents and permanent citizens of the U.S. have lost their sense of security. Today, a non-white is seen as a threat to humanity and non-Muslims, especially if s/he is of Arab origin. Anyone with…. [read more]


United Kingdom Government Response to Post-9/11 Attacks of Islamic Terrorism Essay

… S. Governments.

Moreover, the United Kingdom responded to the post-September 11 terrorist attacks by doubling its resources devoted to preventing terrorism, including strategies such as transferring some of the personnel back to the London to work with the MI5 in countering terrorism. Similarly, the United Kingdom Government responded in its overseas states by recruiting security agents who ran disruption of terrorist operations and maintained the stability of the liaison arrangements of countering terrorism. The MI5 received significant budgetary allocations in 2004 that was used to increase intelligence activities such as surveillance of terrorist activities, interception of their communication, and agent running, thereby, early detection and prevention of terrorist activities. According to Curtis (2010), such strategies contributed significantly to the effective regionalization of the intelligence service…. [read more]


Tolerance Global Terrorism Has Changed Essay

… The greatest weapon against terrorism and its accompanying intolerance is the continued use of tolerance. If tolerance is truly responsible for the creation of an open and free society and promotes mutual trust and cooperation then what is needed to win the war against terrorism is more tolerance not less.

Globalization has caused major changes in the world economically. There are a variety of criticisms directed at globalization but the process is intrinsically democratic and advocates of democratic ideals should be strongly behind continued globalization. Globalization has resulted in a breakdown in barriers based on ethnocentrism and a new planetary society is gradually emerging. This new planetary society is opening doors to a new, more inclusive ethnicity where everyone is becoming members of a world…. [read more]


International Terrorism Has Brought With it Destruction Essay

… International terrorism has brought with it destruction, bloodshed, the killing of untold thousands of innocent people, political reprisals and fear. But along with these unconscionable terror-related strategies and tactics, many innocent people of Islamic faith have been erroneously linked to fanatical Muslims merely because of their dress or their place of origin. This paper highlights the ethno-national identity problem that has resulted from the widely disseminated negative publicity created by suicide bombers and other terrorists who claim to share Muslim faith -- but whose violent interpretation of the Qur'an is very different from true believers of the faith -- that have launched attacks based on twisted political sensibilities.

Border Security in the European Union

An article in the European Journal of Migration and Law examines…. [read more]


How Could a Terrorist Be Radicalized? Essay

… Radical

How could a terrorist be de-radicalised?

terrorism strategies

How Could a Terrorist be Deradicalised?

In the last two decades there has been a rapid increase in the threat of both international and domestic terrorism in the world. This increase has been dramatically emphasized by a number of major terrorist attacks, such as the Oklahoma bombing in 1995, the attack on New York in 2001 as well as the suicide attacks on the London transport system in 2005, among others. These and many others events have not only raised concern in terms of the increased sophistication and the use of modern technologies, but also on the concept and reality of the radicalization of terrorism.

Ii should be noted at the outset that terrorism has a…. [read more]


Terrorism Asia the Political Complexity Essay

… Terrorism Asia

The Political Complexity of the Asian Position on Terrorism:

As Seen in Pakistan

The forces of economic, political and religious distinction which have driven a wedge between the Western World and the Arab world are steeped in a long history of divergent interests. The conflict as we know it today, largely waged between the United States and the Muslim world which populates North African, Asia and the region known as the Middle East, is the fallout of centuries of subjugation, exploitation and occupation. The colonial forces of Europe and the United States exist on a continuum within which Muslim states and cultures, once themselves a dominant and imperial global entity, have developed both historical and modern motives for violent and militant resistance. These…. [read more]


Homegrown Terrorism and International Research Paper

… The message behind such actions is basically sending terrorist repercussions rather than following a logical path. These political acts usually points fingers at a general underprivileged society. The aim is to acquire some political power and rights to demand their rights. Conventional terrorism is domestic by default. Many extremists' groups and terrorists organizations have agents and supporters all across the world, their individual factions act on their own for instance IRA, ALF/ELF and Tamil Tigers.

These religious factions generally demand some political rights such as autonomous boundaries and rights to a government. In many cases, radicals and religious extremists generally look beyond their own self-interest. Their demands are broad and extend personal gains. This kind of violence is unreasonable and hasn't solved any problem as…. [read more]


Non-Traditional Security Threats Term Paper

… It was a major loss of life in an assault on the continent since 1998, when a bomb smashed a Pan American Flight causing the death of over 250 passengers and in Scotland where the wreckage were strewn across. (Burgess, 2004, p.A13) In remembrance of the Madrid bombings that left several over 170 dead, March 11 was observed as the day of the Victims simultaneously throughout Europe. (Evans-Pritchard, 2004, p.7)

The train bombings on March 11 underlined the flaws in the 25-nation cartel's fight to counter extremism and European Union directed ministers to hasten execution of approved terrorism combating initiatives and better their support. Ever since the Madrid incident; security has been beefed up by individual nations. Europeans are all of a sudden insightful of…. [read more]


Counter Terrorism Operations Essay

… The failure by the British government in their counter terrorism operation could be preempted if the British government took some measures against the radicalized British Muslims. They could have taken the issues of the young radicalized Muslims seriously and stop making assumptions that they were harmless. They could have tried to contain their activities and not just assume that they could not even think of launching attacks. Even with the arrest of people involved in Islamic terror attacks, the police would have continued to make arrests and not just assume that they had arrested everyone that was involved in terrorism. They could have also been keenly watching the activities of the young Muslims in Britain through extensive video surveillance and effectively use aerial surveillance measures.…. [read more]


Report on Terrorist Organization and Its Threat to Australia or Australian Interests Term Paper

… Terrorist Organizations and Its Threat to Australia

Letter of Transmittal

The Minister of Foreign Affairs,

Enclosed is a copy of "Report on Terrorist organization and its threat to Australia or Australian interests." This report is a summary of some of the main threats faced by Australia in the wake of terrorist groups around the globe. It will aid in the future policy designing and policy changes that can help Australia in acting and responding strongly to the newer threats. As set out in the original proposal, this report includes information on the terrorist groups that have now become a serious threat to Australia and global and political interests that the country has. This report also includes an assessment of the risks to Australian interests because…. [read more]


Roots of Terrorism in the Middle East Term Paper

… Roots of Terrorism in the Middle East

When individuals inhabit the same space, conflicts often occur. But it's only when conflicts degenerate into harsh violence of any sort that the issue truly becomes a problem, threatening the stability of a peaceful cohabitation. A conflict often has its origin in a dispute over resources, over something of great interest for more than one party. Usually conflicts appear when the object of interest cannot be shared in an acceptable way for all parties involved, without any of them feeling left out or treated unequally. it's enough for one party to consider a lack of fairness in a dispute. The birthplace of violence between two "players" is, in most cases, a conflict, an unresolved argument over a source…. [read more]


Terrorism Profiling Term Paper

… Terrorist Profiling: The New Face of Islamic Terror

Since 9/11 the accepted profile of the 'typical' terrorist has undergone a seismic shift. Before, it was often assumed, even by experts, that most radical Islamic suicide bombers sought martyrdom because they had little to lose, personally and economically. Their average age was twenty-two, and they were recruited and indoctrinated for short, intense periods of time to minimize the chance that they would have second thoughts. Also, the perceived advantage of suicide bombing was its rough simplicity, from a technical point-of-view, in terms of its use of explosive detonation and minimal planning (Wilgoren 2001:1).

However, the oldest terrorist involved in the 9/11 attacks was forty-one. Richard Reid, the 'shoe bomber' was thirty-two (McGrory & Hussein 2005). Furthermore,…. [read more]


Threat -Domestic or International Terrorism? Term Paper

… Another trump card is safeguarding the infrastructure. These trump cards take precedence over all other government activities. More attacks on the United States keep the congress engrossed on these trump cards. If the industry does not evolve its own policies, the government creates new laws in order to achieve these goals.

The huge threat to the business is not the possible threat of a terrorist crashing an airplane into the building but the several numbers of new laws and regulations enforced in an effort to safeguard the transportation industry. Communications personnel should evolve a plan and instruct employees regarding their roles in the security audit. A person with security expertise can evaluate potential threats. Information technology experts safeguard valuable databases from cyberspace attacks. Engineers are…. [read more]


Global War on Terrorism Term Paper

… ¶ … History of Terrorism

Historical depictions of warfare often lead one to think that war, especially as conducted on European soil, was an event of rules and engagement and strategy. Conducting war has been described as an "art." Famous men throughout history have become famous because they were perceived to be great strategists; Napoleon Bonaparte, William the Conqueror, Alexander the Great, and Dwight D. Eisenhower, to name a few.

The image of war that came to the minds of many people was that of two forces standing on opposing hills, so to speak, facing off and, then, when the great leader gives the signal, engaging in battle. As warfare progressed into modern history, there were rules of engagement and rules governing the treatment of…. [read more]


Al Qaeda: Current and Future Trends Term Paper

… Al Qaeda: Current and Future Trends

Many people were heard to observe that "things would never be the same" following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and some even suggested the Osama bin Laden could consider himself a "dead man walking." Almost seven years have passed, though, and while it is reasonable to assert that many things have changed, bin Laden and his al Qaeda network remain a fundamental threat to U.S. interests at home and abroad. Although there have been some military successes, fighting this shadowy international terrorist organization has defied other approaches. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of al Qaeda, and its organizational and developmental history. In addition, the group's base and location of operations and its…. [read more]


War on Terrorism Term Paper

… War on Terrorism

Terrorism is one of the most foundational threats that the world has ever seen. Terrorism is also a difficult threat as it is rarely if ever linked directly to a source nation, that has an official role in terrorist acts or movements. For this reason the "war on terror" is a war unlike any other war. The invasion and subsequent war in Iraq, despite its early connections to acts of terrorism has proven to be a war wholly ineffective in curbing, controlling or eradicating terrorism and it may in fact be feeding the idealism that is needed for acts of terrorism to take place. Many even claim that the war itself was begun as a persuasive tool for political reasons and was…. [read more]


Legal Pluralism Is Among the Greatest Challenged Term Paper

… Legal pluralism is among the greatest challenged confronting democratic societies today (Van Cott 2000). It is that of incorporating populations of distinct group identities and cultural norms into a single polity under a constitution, which reflects and affirms the different identities and norms of the citizens. The most important factors affecting the practical realization of legal pluralism have been identified as the capacity of the political system; the legal tradition and society, which will incorporate and tolerate the diversity; the geographic isolation and alienation of the indigenous communities; the degree of division among these communities and movements in general; and effective legal mechanisms available to indigenous communities seeking to protect this right in particular. In the last decade, ethnic communities have demanded this right and…. [read more]


Attacks on Pearl Harbor Term Paper

… Indications leading to the Attacks

Even though the attacks on Pearl Harbor and the World Trade Center have been portrayed as completely unexpected and unforeseen actions, both these events had been directed by apparent signs and signals that the United States had been confronting a looming danger (36). Before the attack on Pearl Harbor, the relationship between the Americans and the Japanese had arrived at its lowest point (7). Not later than the summer of 1941, the government of the then American President, Franklin Roosevelt, had set economic sanctions on the Japanese government to compel them to stop their conflict with China. Historians have given reference to these sanctions as the contiguous reason of the Japanese attack on the Pearl Harbor. The Japanese government refused…. [read more]


Biggest Challenges Term Paper

… The world has seen that non-nuclear powers have no protection against unilateral action by the world's sole super power if it chooses to attack them. It happened to Grenada in 1983, Panama in 1989, Serbia over Kosovo in 1999, and more recently in Afghanistan and Iraq. They have also noticed that while the U.S. threatens Iran with belligerence over its alleged nuclear program, it is more cautious with North Korea that may already possess nukes.

(Eland)

As a result, several countries around the world, which have nuclear-armed foes or are apprehensive of America's unilateralism, have every incentive to pursue a nuclear weapons program, making the chance of an accidental nuclear war or acquiring of WMDs by terrorists ever more likely. The nuclear proliferation issue is…. [read more]


Relationship Between Terrorism Organized Crime Term Paper

… Terrorism has become the bane of our time and terrorists have undermined the confidence and the security of people all over the world. Particularly, the aftermath of September 11 has created a constant fear among people world over. With the sprouting of so many terrorist organizations and the brutal methods of attack employed by them, it is imperative that we understand the psychology of the terrorists to be one step ahead of them in preventing their destructive ideas from fruition. However, psychologists and researchers have admitted that there is no unique terrorist mindset as terrorists come from diverse socio economic and cultural backgrounds. A common consensus among psychologists is that profiling a terrorist based on particular traits and psychological attributes is largely impossible or at…. [read more]


Roots of International Terrorism Term Paper

… International Terrorism

Acts of international terrorism can be traced as far back as 1931, with the first documented hijacking of an airline passenger jet in Peru. However, depending upon how you define "international terrorism," international terrorism might be traced even further back, during the Christian crusades in the Holy Land. There was, too, the French Revolution, which was preceded by acts of violence committed by covert agents of change. The American Revolution was effectuated in large part by covert agents acting against British law and authority and perpetrating acts of violence against the British soldiers. Authors Brenda J. Lutz and James M. Lutz define terrorism as an evil act of indiscriminate violence, or brutality. While this definition may accurately define that which might be considered…. [read more]


War in Afghanistan Research Paper

… War in Afghanistan is visibly approaching its end in 2014 as the U.S. has committed to withdraw majority of combat troops in the year 2014. Since it is an electioneering pledge made by President Obama, it is likely that the U.S. will not let any worsening of the Afghan security situation to hinder his withdrawal plan from Afghanistan. The theoretical perspective of the Afghan war, however, points to a somewhat disturbing situation in the future. Use of Ad-hoc terrorist theory, war of the flea theory, and fourth generation warfare theory by the Taliban fighters in confluence with Al-Qaeda indicate that Taliban will find it highly difficult to come in peaceful terms with historically anti-Taliban warring groups. Thus, superiority in terms of war skills of Taliban…. [read more]


Tanzim Qaidat Al-Jihad Fi Bilad Al-Rafidayn Term Paper

… Terrorism

A Profile of a Prominent Terrorist Organization: Tanzeem Qaedat Al Jihad Fee Bilad Al Rafidain

In 2004, according to ABC News, the Iraqi terrorist organization then known as Tawhid wal Jihad, or "One God and Holy War" group changed its name to become Tanzeem Qaedat Al Jihad Fee Bilad Al Rafidain, or the "Qaeda Organization of Jihad in Iraq." This pro-jihad pan-Islamic militant organization based in Iraq did so to more explicitly pledge its long-standing ideological allegiance to the Afghanistan-based terrorist organization known as al- Qaeda. The name change indicated the increasing solidarity between these two terrorist cells, as well as confirmed the well-known unity that already existed between the two groups' leaders.

Of course, al-Qaeda is lead by the man who is believed…. [read more]


Defeating Terrorism: American Priority Term Paper

… There were 651 significant terrorist incidents in 2004, not this high since the late 1980s. However, the numbers really are not comparable because the database for the 80s included a considerable amount of incidents not defined as significant: Of the 208 incidents reported in 2003, 161, or 77% of all reported incidents -- the highest proportion in some time -- were classed as significant. Roughly 60% of them took place in India, Afghanistan, Colombia, Iraq and Israel, with India alone accounting for 48, or about 30%. In Iraq it is naturally difficult to delineate terrorist attacks from insurgency; the other countries are locations where longstanding quarrels between factions have occurred.

Where does this leave the War on Terrorism as a whole, asks Arnold.

Outside of…. [read more]


Global Terrorism Since September 2011 Essay

… More so, the incidence of terrorism seems to grow with no sign of it abating.

The question that one must ask is whether this terrorism was not instigated as a reaction to American offense and defense. Without extolling terrorist activities, some of the Islamic countries perceived themselves as being besieged by occupiers and foreign values. Iraq was a prime example of such sentiment. And, indeed, America's intent was to institute a form of government on Iraq ("Nation-building"), which, to America constitutes a democracy but to a rigidly Islamic country constitutes rebellion against its faith and cultural values. The fact that terrorism is abating rather than declining may also point to the fact of reaction and counter-reaction where each precipitating aggressive event - or retaliation --…. [read more]


London Terror Attacks When Terrorist Essay

… Here, it would be clear that the shared motives between terrorist groups had only strengthened in light of American and British actions following the 2001 attacks. With that said, the British government would remain steadfast in the defense of its positions and policies, taking issue with the association drawn between the London attacks and its involvement with the war in Iraq. According to an article in BBC News in the aftermath of the subway bombings, British home secretary John Reid aggressively rejected the notion that there was any direct connection between the bombings and Iraq.

It bears noting that Reid's statements were made from a position of defensiveness, with the British government taking efforts to resist an extensive public inquiry into the attacks. Though the…. [read more]


Terrorism in Kenya Acts Thesis

… The U.S.A. has several areas of interest in Kenya as a beacon of democracy and peace and the fact that Kenya hosts hundreds of thousands of refugees of war and natural calamities like famine from other regions. Kenya also hosts training grounds for several countries Britain inclusive (Crown, 2012). The reason for picking the country is the delicate balance of its diplomatic relations bearing that it is closely neighbored by the Islamic and chaotic Somalia to the East, volatile Sudan to the North and Ethiopia that occasionally poses small arm proliferation and raids, the non-democratic Uganda to the West and it still maintains the peace and stems terror at its best.

These factors among many that will be discussed puts Kenya at a delicate podium…. [read more]

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