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Israel Explanation Term Paper

… With both sides of the equation being labeled as both victim and perpetrator, it becomes difficult to propose sensible national security policies.

The securitization process of Israel has been recently built on the labeling mechanism. Labeling Palestinians with the blanket term of "terrorist" has become the major means by which Israel garners domestic and international support through the media and popular culture. As Finkelstein (2003) puts it, Israel "has defined Palestinian terror as an existential threat to the survival of the Israeli state and society," (p. 3). The speeches of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu echo the existential threat theory that permeates Israeli public consciousness. As a direct method of promoting right-wing security strategies, propaganda such as this helps to establish an ethnocratic regime under the…. [read more]


Palestine How Would You Feel Term Paper

… However, when they felt that Palestine was not taking this seriously, they reversed their steps which paved way for yet another failed effort (Erin, 143)

The Road Map for Peace was an agreement designed by America, EU, UN and Russia. All the countries agreed for the formation of an independent state of Palestine. It was the first one in which the country would get the status of being a separate state. The planned objectives were for both countries to end violence and live in harmony with each other. Failure of the plan was due to in cooperation from both sides. Out of all the peace accords ever proposed, the road map to peace b [picked up some pace after the death of Yasser Arafat. The…. [read more]


Israel Internal Security Case Study

… Israel Internal Security Case Study

Nature of the state

Israel is a young nation, developed following WWII, when Britain withdrew from Palestine and the United Nations partitioned a portion of it for the resettlement of displaced Jews following the war. Arab nations in the region and Palestine itself rejected the arrangement, but it was followed through with nonetheless. The arrangement developed into several costly wars in which the Israeli army was successful, with the aide of foreign backing but many deep rooted tensions have not been resolved since. The Israeli government also occupies additional lands, which were acquired through these costly wars, most notably the Gaza strip and a few other regions, though some have been returned to their nation of origin since.

On 25…. [read more]


Israel's Military Culture Research Paper

… 1967-1993:

Operation Focus took place in 1967, when the Israeli Air Force bombed the Egyptian airfields that later on expanded to Syria as well as Jordanian and Iraqi airfields.

From 1967-70 another operation took place that is referred to as the War of Attrition. In this war, many operations were involved. These operations include operation Inferno (1968), operation Bulmus 6 (1969), operation Boxer (1969), operation Raviv (1069), operation Priha (1070), operation Rooster 53 (1969) and operation Escort (1969).

In 1973 the Yom Kippur War took place that includes the operation Doogman 5 (1973) and operation Abirey-Halev (1973).

In 1982, the Lebanon War took place that includes operation Peace for Galilee (1982), Battle of Sultan Yacoub, operation Mole Cricket 19, Siege of Beirut, Battle of Jezzine…. [read more]


Israel Country Study Research Paper

… Political/Government Assessment

There is no constitution that is followed in Israel. Instead, the affairs of the country are regulated and administered under the Declaration of Establishment (1948) in addition to the laws made by the parliament and citizens. The Head of the State is always the President which is regarded as a principally ceremonial responsible position. The legislature has the responsibility of electing the President for a term of 7 years without any term limits. On the other hand, the Prime Minister is responsible for heading the government. Normally, the largest party's leader is given the mentioned position after the completion of legislative elections. The unicameral legislature has a Knesset consisting of one hundred and twenty seats. The members of Knesset are selected by ballot…. [read more]


Israel and Palestine Essay

… S. allies' attempts to topple Nasser. Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles both saw a need to strike Israel for its unprovoked attack on Egypt in 1956. But the Zionist lobby, led by Congressman Lyndon B. Johnson was vehement: Israel was a weak state that needed support against hateful Arabs. This line of thinking was clearly prejudiced, as it was Israel that was attacking Egypt, not Egypt attacking Israel. Indeed, Ben-Gurion had secretly met with the President of France to discuss the planned assault. France and Britain insisted that Israel led the attack, which they would then support with an air assault. Ben-Gurion agreed. He had plans to invade not only Egypt, but also Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. Strategic waterways, ports, and hills were precious…. [read more]


Israel and Iran Thesis

… Israeli citizens support the striking of Iran especially if the war is carried out with the help of the United States (Clifton). Though the majority supports the attack, a small percentage of the public are wary of the war. A modest forty percent of the total Israeli population support a military strike when Israel has American support and twenty percent advocate for attacking Iran's nuclear facilities without any support from the United States. The Israeli poll was carried out to gauge the level of support for the military action against the nuclear facilities in Iran. Recently the Israeli parliament told Reuters that the Israeli public was well behind the proposal to attack Iran. Though the lack of preparation was blamed on the side of the…. [read more]


Israel and Palestine Term Paper

… Israel and Palestine

In order or answer the central question of this paper and to understand the present situation of a two - state solution to the Israeli - Palestinian conflict, it is firstly necessary to understand the origins and the genesis of the problem in the region.

As one commentator states, "The conflict between Palestine and Israel, between Arab and Jew, goes back a very long way - over a hundred years in its present form (and a lot longer, if you go back to Sarah, Hagar and Abraham)" (Reich D.) Therefore any attempt to discuss the viability and the actual functioning of a two - state solution must take account some of the most important aspects of this history.

Even a very brief…. [read more]


Israel International Politics Terrorism Case Study

… ISRAEL

Locked in a history of persecution, religious discrimination, and national consciousness, the Jewish people were granted their own land when, following World War II, the British withdrew from Palestine and the United Nations divided the war-torn land into two separate states. The UN created an Arab state and a Jewish state, Israel, against tremendous rejection by the Arabs, who felt that what was once their land was being redistributed without their approval. The 1947 UN Partition created a very small state in the area of Tel Aviv, and, through a series of wars, Israel ambitiously expanded its borders. The Jews and the Arabs, both inextricably psychologically tied to this holy land, continue to mar the narrowly defined lines of the nation of Israel, Medinat…. [read more]


Israel Is a Country Caught Term Paper

… Israel is a country caught in multiple kinds of crossroads. The country is in the middle of the Middle East, an area fraught with tensions literally for millennia. The land currently called Israel has been fought over from Biblical times, and who should and should not be allowed to live on that land remains a topic of debate among some to this day. Many people are acutely aware of the long history of the region. Put the words "Israel" and "History" into GOOGLE, and the first two websites found trace Israel's history back to events in Genesis. Although some groups of people dispute that claim in important ways, the view Israel has of its history plays an important role in the historical events of the…. [read more]


Israel: A Modern Hobbesian State? Essay

… It has only conceded the Sinai territories back to Egypt. Its one moment of conciliation has been fleeting (and Hobbes would no doubt see it as purely self-interested, on the part of both Israel and Egypt).

Hobbesian rules, as practiced in the international community are defined as follows: "Others are aggressive enemies; others are political and economic rivals; others threaten my existence; others threaten my security; I am responsible for my own survival; I am responsible for my own security; survival is based on relative military," and "the use of force is always necessary" (Frederking 2000). War is nearly constant in a Hobbesian system as a point of principle, to demonstrate one's strength. Of course, it might be protested that Israel is a modern, democratic…. [read more]


Israel Defense Tech Israeli Defense Technology: Success Thesis

… Israel Defense Tech

Israeli Defense Technology: Success Against All Odds

When the full extent of the horrors of the Holocaust had become apparent to the global public, the movement for Israeli independence took center-stage. Upon the world's revelation that more than 6 million Jews had been sent to the gas chambers, the campaign to make Israel the Jewish national homeland earned the full sympathy and support of the United Nations, the United States and Great Britain. In 1948, Israel declared itself independent with the backing of the world community and, conversely, the outright condemnation of the Arab nations which surrounded it. Upon its independence, Israel was promptly invaded by its neighbors. Led by its first prime minister, David Ben Gurion, Israel emerged victorious against its…. [read more]


Israel Illegal Israel and Resolution Essay

… (UN Security Council, 1967)

While paragraph (i) does not include the word "all," a far more likely interpretation of this clause is that it means precisely what it says -- that Israel is to withdraw from territories it occupied during the recent conflict. Not some territories or most territories, but "territories occupied during the conflict." The only definitive factor -- the only words that in any way limit or define the territories in question -- is "occupied during the conflict," therefore to interpret this as meaning other than that all territories occupied during the conflict are referred to is itself playing a word game.

You go on to say interpret the rectitude of Israeli "administration" of the territories, which is in direct conflict with paragraph…. [read more]


Israel Mini Country Report Term Paper

… Israel's stock exchange has a small capital base and is subject to sudden spikes following the injection or withdrawal of small amounts of money. The long-term prospects of the stock market are generally positive but the recent rapid rise in stock prices is of some concern in the short-term. (Rolnik)

Recent Events

The recent announcement of a "road map" for peace in the Middle East by President Bush and the relatively quick U.S. victory in the war against Iraq are two recent developments that would have the most significant long-term effect on business prospects in Israel. Any businessperson looking at the country for possible investment would have to follow the developments on these two issues very closely.

Assessment of Potential v Risk

Any assessment for…. [read more]


Israel 1948 A2 Coursework

… ¶ … Israel 1948 was one of the key turning points in the political development of the contemporary Middle East. From 1948 on, Israel was an independent state ruled by their own government which brought Israeli organizations together under one rule, liberated from foreign influence. After the creation of the State of Israel, frequent wars in opposition to its existence broke out due to the tremendous antagonism felt towards a Zionist state (e.g. The Arab-Israeli war 1948, the 1956 Suez War, 1967 Six Day War, 1967-1970 War of Attrition and Yom Kippur 1973). It was wars such as these that forced Israel to bolster its own military defense, increase diplomatic ties with the West, and attempt to become a self-sufficient "island" surrounded by enemies. Israel,…. [read more]


Source and Future of National Identity in Israel Term Paper

… Israel and Palestine

Zionist Movement

The Zionist movement began in the late 19th century. It reflected the idea that, after centuries of persecution and Diaspora, which began in the 6th century B.C., when the Jews were forced out of Israel and exiled to Babylonia; Jews should rebuild their original homeland in Israel (Ram, 1998). Only when Jews had a state, a country, would there be an end to Jewish Diaspora. As well as a Jewish state where all Jews would be welcome to be free of the racial prejudices and hate that had followed them since the 6th century Diaspora. Zionism was born out of the natural human need for the Jews to have a state where they could collectively pursue their religious faith and…. [read more]


2006 War Between Israel and Lebanon Term Paper

… Israel & Hezbollah (in Lebanon)

The Conflict Between Israel and Hezbollah - 2006

Key historical issues between Israel and their Arab neighbors living in Palestine and Lebanon: There is a bloody history between Israel and Arabs and hence it is appropriate to review those conflicts at the outset of this paper. Indeed, prior to the war between Israel and Lebanon that began in July, 2006, Israel had engaged in five major wars, or conflicts, with Arab states that border with Israel. It should be noted in terms of perspective that the United Nations authorized a Jewish State in the territory that is now Israel following WWII; the genocidal slaughter of an estimated 3 million Jews in Europe, carried out by the German Nazis, raised the…. [read more]


Novel Palestine Term Paper

… Palestine BY SACCO

Palestine by Joe Sacco is a unique narrative because it is based on author's first hand knowledge of the conflict and comes in the form of comic strip. Sacco makes a strong case against Israel. It must be made clear from the onset that this book favor Palestine and Arabs and not the Jews.

The author is speaking for a people who cannot speak for himself as he jokingly tells us that, "These guys could use the services of a good public relations officer!" It is obvious from the book that the author feels for the Palestinians who became victims of Israeli aggression simply because they refused to share their land with them. It was Palestine's land to begin with. Sacco spent…. [read more]


Palestine, Joe Sacco Mainly Incorporates Essay

… In line with this, Sacco portrays the imminent Islamic attitude to women; he looks at this from the point-of-view of Islamic men, Palestinian feminists, "ordinary" Palestinian women, and problematizes his own attitudes to the question and the anti-Jewish form of much of Palestinian thinking. There's no doubt that there's lots to disagree with, but, as Sacco shows, the answers that seem so easy to us are very far from obvious from their point-of-view. Sacco puts himself into the picture, worrying about his role there as a supposedly detached, objective reporter; as a relatively comfortable Westerner painting pictures of oppression and murder for personal gain. When an angry demonstration kicks off, for example, Sacco portrays himself as being both absolutely terrified; such demonstrations are savagely broken…. [read more]


Palestine and United Nations Position and Justification Term Paper

… Palestine and United Nations

Position and justification -- on November 29, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly correctly voted to accord Palestine the status of a Non-Member State observer. In the United Nations, the issues of statehood and membership remain quite distinct, and an observer status means that Palestine now has a standing invitation to participate as observers in the sessions and work of the General Assembly.

This vote, of course, has broader generalizations than simply according Palestine a new status. In the view of many, this vote establishes a global indictment to the legitimacy of the Palestine State.

In contrast, Israel vigorously opposed this resolution and, based on alliances and foreign policy, so did the United States. In fact the preambular paragraphs specifically note…. [read more]


Feud Between Israel's Ariel Sharon Term Paper

… Palestine considers Sharon a war criminal because of this. However, their history really goes back to 1948, and the creation of Israel, when both men were quite young. Sharon was a military leader in charge of seeking out Arab terrorists, and Arafat was creating his first terrorist group while fighting Israel during the Suez War in 1956. It seems the two men have always been at odds. Therefore, the history between the two men is long and volatile, and it shows no signs of abating as tensions continue to flare in the Middle East.

The peace process in the Middle East has stalled so many times; it is difficult to see how the two sides can ever come together. Israel refuses to allow Palestinian settlements…. [read more]


What Are the Problems Facing Palestine Afghanistan and Iraq? Term Paper

… ¶ … Palestine, Afghanistan and Iraq? What would be one way that peace can be achieved?

The problems currently facing Palestine, Afghanistan and Iraq are the most difficult and explosive global issues facing the international community. Their satisfactory resolution is imperative if we are to live in a peaceful world in the 21st century. This essay briefly describes the problems facing these three countries and outlines a possible solution for achieving peace in the troubled regions.

The Palestine Problem:

The conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians is rooted in the circumstances surrounding the establishment of the Jewish state of Israel on Palestinian territory in 1948. The UN Partition Plan, announced in November 1947, proposed the partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states with 55%…. [read more]


Current Affairs in Palestine Term Paper

… ¶ … Palestine

Politically, the Middle East region is a volatile area, as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a continuously unfolding story. Efforts are constantly being made to improve the security environment for the two actors involved. Due to the complexity of the issue that has marked the political discussions for more than 50 years now, the conflict between the two parties and the consequences are not strictly confined to the Israel territory and the Palestinian one; more precisely, there is a certain spillover effect which automatically determines other countries to consider their own contribution to an eventual peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority. This is why, in order to have a proper image of the current state of affairs in Palestine, it is…. [read more]


Israel Is One of the Most Interesting Essay

… Israel is one of the most interesting nations on the earth. The interest in Israel is not only due to the past and present conditions of Israel, but also the future of the nation. The place of Israel in prophecy has been closely examined for centuries. The purpose of this discussion is to examine the final stages of prophecy in Israel, concerns of the final prophecies and the events or situations replacing prophecy.

The final stages of prophecy in Israel/Judah

One aspect of the final stages of prophecy involving Israel is tied to the tumultuous past and present of the nations. Israel has been the scene of wars and calamity for decades and at the current time it is at the center of the Middle…. [read more]


Palestine Conflict Term Paper

… They developed a governmental form that worked to accommodate at least to some extent the cultures the conquered.

However, by the time Islam had reached present-day Spain, a highly Christian and Catholic area, Europeans were alarmed by the spread of this culture and religion. Arab power had reached its peak by the 10th century. Westerners responded with the Crusades, which took place in the 11th and 12th centuries. The Crusades had both religious and economic goals. The Crusaders wanted to see the Holy Land under the control of Christians. At the same time, they were looking for a safer and more economical route to Asia, so they could trade for such things as spices and silk. During this time, while Europe was challenging Arab power…. [read more]


Decision Making Strategies Research Paper

… Terrorism is a way of life; watching for bombs and activities "normal," just as serving in the military and knowing your State is surrounded by enemies becomes so intrusive it is like being blinded by a horrible odor; other people can sense it, but after a while, it is moot to the individual. Thus, the Israeli culture has transposed from the various cultures that immigrated in the 1940s to one with three major paradigms: individualism, directness, and a polychromic world view:

Individualism -- The United States has always enjoyed a sense of rugged individualism, back from the pioneer days and the age of expansion into the west. For Israel, though, in decision making, the culture has become even more individualistic as it has evolved towards…. [read more]


Arab-Israeli Conflict Research Proposal

… ¶ … establishment of the Israeli State and the long subsequent series Arab-Israeli wars over it has been at the heart of Middle Eastern conflict over six decades. The fundamental conflict between Israel and the Palestines displaced by the first offensive Arab attacks on the nascent Israeli state continues to fuel tensions throughout the entire region. Unlike many other conflicts that eventually reach a peaceful settlement, the intractable conflict over the Palestinian refugee issue has developed into a continuous cycle of violence that is not leading towards any agreement or peace. Complex issues of identities, fulfillment of basic needs, nationalism, religious zeal, and cultural differences have compounded the problem.

The various influences demand an objective analysis and a philosophical approach to laying groundwork for stability…. [read more]


British Mandate of Palestine Thesis

… ¶ … British Mandate of Palestine. Specifically it will compare and contrast the conflicts of that time with the conflicts of today, and any similarities and laws that apply. The British Mandate of Palestine occurred after the fall of the Ottoman Empire after the First World War. Under the Mandate, Britain ruled Palestine until 1948, and it was during this time that the famous Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in Palestine.

The League of Nations created the Mandate in 1920, after World War I ended, and it was put into effect in 1922. The editors of PalestineFacts.org note, "The Mandate was international recognition for the stated purpose of 'establishing in Palestine a national home for the Jewish people'."

Before the Mandate, the Ottoman Empire had…. [read more]


Israeli Palestinian Conflict and the Middle East Term Paper

… International Politics

The Threat of Terrorism the Context of International Relations between the U.S. And the Middle East

The threat of terrorism in the U.S. is inextricably linked to the events in the Middle East and the perceived role of the U.S. many of those events; especially in the Israeli/Palestinian disputes. The U.S. is a major power and the country has not been afraid to use that power in international relations. It is the way that the power has been used, often for the support of Israel, to the detriment of Arabic nations.

To appreciate this one can look at the way in which the U.S. has supported Israel, this was seen with the 'friendship' formed between Kennedy and David Ben-Gurion (Bass 2). Building ion…. [read more]


Conflict Resolution Theories Term Paper

… If we consider the view point of Israelis, they claim to have ownership of Jerusalem which is their prime religious hub and was acquired from them forcefully in 15th century. Now Israelis have believed Jerusalem to be rightfully theirs because of historical background, and the frustration caused by this deprivation act as the source of motivation for them for their current course of actions which involves military activities ranging from normal military operations to guerilla wars and attacks on civilians. Under the action of the relative deprivation perspective, Israel further attacked the then Palestine in 1965 and acquired the area provided to Palestinians by UN.

On the other hand, if we consider the ideology followed by Palestinians and other Arab groups supporting them, they believe…. [read more]

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