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Iran Intelligence Essay

… There are Directorates for Iraq; Lebanon, Palestine, and Jordan; Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India; Turkey and the Arabian Peninsula; Asian countries of the former Soviet Union, Western nations (Europe and North America), and North Africa."[footnoteRef:9] This depth of influence should not be easily discounted. Many of those in these areas have problems with Israeli-American propaganda. There is a growing body of evidence shows Iran's ties to weapons transportation and distribution.[footnoteRef:10] And it is this capacity that reinforces how well a nation like Iran can still present itself as being bigger in reality than it may be in truth as a war power. [8: Global Security. Qods (Jerusalem) Force, Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC - Pasdaran-e Inqilab) (Accessed December 14, 2011).] [9: A. Cordesman, Iran's…. [read more]

Israel and Iran Thesis

… Israeli citizens support the striking of Iran especially if the war is carried out with the help of the United States (Clifton). Though the majority supports the attack, a small percentage of the public are wary of the war. A modest forty percent of the total Israeli population support a military strike when Israel has American support and twenty percent advocate for attacking Iran's nuclear facilities without any support from the United States. The Israeli poll was carried out to gauge the level of support for the military action against the nuclear facilities in Iran. Recently the Israeli parliament told Reuters that the Israeli public was well behind the proposal to attack Iran. Though the lack of preparation was blamed on the side of the…. [read more]

Iran Country Vulnerability Assessment Outlook Research Paper

… Nevertheless, there have been constraints caused by different factors. The gross-Domestic-Product has shown decline last few years. This may be as a result of the population growth. The government is also spending a lot in the military despite the fact that it is not enough. External pressure has been reported especially because of the attacks from Iraq and Afghanistan. This has made the country exposed to attacks because of the many resources it has. The war seems endless and as much as United States of America has shown interest in defending it, United Arab Emirates and Iraq are not giving up.


CIA, "World Fact Book: Iran," [database online], Country Profiles; accessed July 29, 2012.

Library of Congress, "Country Profile: Iran"; available from; Internet;…. [read more]

Iran's Nuclear Threat Essay

… Preventive war is one of the probable consequences in attempts to stop Iran from continuing with its nuclear program and building an atomic bomb. As evident from Iraq's case, preventive war does not have a good history of being effectively executed in light of its outcomes, benefits, and costs. The second probable cause is deterrence threats since the Iran's nuclear program can not only be contained but it can also be deterred. In addition, there is a possibility of invasion and occupation because of the seeming ineffectiveness of deterrence threats. Each of these consequences of Israel's demand could make the issue worse through delaying the nuclear weapons program, moving it into less vulnerable places, and provide inflaming rewards to use such weapons when available.

6.…. [read more]

Iran's Nuclear Weapons Program Institution Essay

… The first series of sanction imposed on Iran were adopted in December 2006 by the UN Security Council. Selling or transfer of nuclear technology that is sensitive was blocked in resolution 1737 (Report by the Director General, 2009). Another resolution in 2008 introduced additional sanctions on travel and finances of Iranian nationals as well as companies. The European Union in particular imposed its own sanctions in that year and froze the assets of almost forty individuals and entities that transacted with Bank Melli (The largest Bank in Iran). The Bank has been accused by western officials of supporting the missile and nuclear programs of Iran.

Diplomatic strategies are also applied with an example of the resubmission of a 2006 offer by the European Union to…. [read more]

Iran's Global Reach the Degree Research Paper

… It is also noteworthy to mention that on more than one occasion, these "branches" of Iranian intelligence have assisted in the combatting of traditional U.S. allies such as Israel, particularly when the largely Jewish country was engaged in war with Hezbollah militants during 2006. "Israeli defense experts state that...the IRGC and Quds force…may have assisted… during the Israeli-Hezbollah War…Israeli intelligence officers claim to have found command and control centers…of Iranian design" (Cordesman 2007, 10). This quotation demonstrates that in an indirect capacity, Iranian forces have been involved in military operations in countries allied to the United States, which gives credence to the notion that it is possible for those forces to gather intelligence about the U.S. However, the highly indirect nature of both the presence…. [read more]

Iran Country Assessment -- Economic Research Paper

… [10: CIA. 2012. The World Fact book -- Iran. Online, available from Internet, accessed July 17th, 2012.]

Physical Resources

Natural Resources:

Iran has been bestowed with rich natural resources in the form of lands, forests, minerals, natural gas and oil products, etc. In its rich agri land, Iran grows a number of food products; including wheat, rice, wool, cotton, fruits, sugarcane, and dry fruits. The excess quantities of these products are exported to other countries.


Iran exports oil and natural gas, chemical and petrochemical products, and fruits to China, Japan, Turkey, Italy, Spain, South Korea, and India. China is currently the biggest export partner of Iran by taking more than 19% of its export commodities. Iran's total exports for the year 2011 were…. [read more]

Iran Instability Thesis

… ]

Rise in occurrences of terrorism

It was back in 1979 when Islamic Revolution was complete and since then Iran has grown consistently to be among those countries that actively support terrorism and terrorist cells across the world. Tehran is one the major states in Iran that is reputed to have equipped, educated, monetarily supported, stimulated, prepared, and otherwise encouraged a large number of terrorist groups through the years. Iran has been known to support not just terrorist cells in the Persian Gulf region, but have also been known to support additional terrorist cells and groups in the regions of Lebanon, Palestine, Bosnia and Philippines amongst other places. This encouragement and backup has sustained to stay strong in recent times as well: the U.S. administration…. [read more]

Israel Defense Tech Israeli Defense Technology: Success Thesis

… Israel Defense Tech

Israeli Defense Technology: Success Against All Odds

When the full extent of the horrors of the Holocaust had become apparent to the global public, the movement for Israeli independence took center-stage. Upon the world's revelation that more than 6 million Jews had been sent to the gas chambers, the campaign to make Israel the Jewish national homeland earned the full sympathy and support of the United Nations, the United States and Great Britain. In 1948, Israel declared itself independent with the backing of the world community and, conversely, the outright condemnation of the Arab nations which surrounded it. Upon its independence, Israel was promptly invaded by its neighbors. Led by its first prime minister, David Ben Gurion, Israel emerged victorious against its…. [read more]

Iran: A Path Towards Rapprochement Term Paper

… By shifting the Jews out of Europe, a certain amount of religious conflict was avoided in Europe, and the Jews felt happy that they had got their own land for the first time after the great Exodus, yet the people disposed of their land was the Arabs. This is the fundamental reason for the conflict which does not seem to get solved. The war that took place between Iraq and Iran in September 1980 also clearly showed that oil is under attack when a conflict takes place in that region. Both the sides led the attacks against the tankers from the other country as well as the refineries, and then to stop the other country by stopping its oil, led to attacks on neutral shipping…. [read more]

Iran and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Term Paper

… " (Ibid)

Punishing Iran for its noncompliance with U.S. ideals, however, accomplishes nothing other than further eroding relations between the two countries and worsening the economic situation in Iran. By "inflicting harm on Tehran," the United States has achieved its domestic goal of appearing tough on weapons regulation, but accomplished nothing toward achieving a compromise or understanding with Iran as to why and how it wants to create a defense system. (Ibid) Tanter stresses that this type of international condemnation, through sanctions, has both "an instrumental rehabilitative function -- to change Iran's behavior -- but also a symbolic retributive purpose -- to signal Tehran and the pro-Israel community that wrongs were being righted." (Ibid)

Tanter's analysis leaves the question of what wrongs were being righted.…. [read more]

Iran Hostage Discussion Questions: Middle East History Research Paper

… Iran Hostage

Discussion Questions: Middle East History

Compare and Contrast the reform policies of Mustafa Kemal and Reza Khan.

In the aftermath of World War I, the world had begun to experience massive structural change, with a wave of imperial collapses producing a groundswell of nationalism and independence movements. The once mighty and respected Ottoman Empire was among these, with decades of retraction and dictatorship unraveling into widespread discontent. So too would be the Kingdom of Persia find itself on the cusp of change, with an historical rule of clergymen and local warlords coalescing into disorder. In these circumstances, Mustafa Kemal and Reza Kahn would emerge to bring about the existence of modern Turkey and Iran respectively.

The great military and political leader, Mustafa Kemal…. [read more]

Iran Problem Diplomatic and Economic Response to a Potential Nuclear Threat Essay

… Iran Problem: Diplomatic and Economic Response to a Potential Nuclear Threat

Iran and diplomacy

The Iran Problem: Diplomatic and Economic Responses to a Potential Nuclear Threat

The dilemma with regard to Iran's nuclear ambitions is summed up succinctly in the following quotation.

The prospect of a nuclear Iran causes acute concern not only in the United States and Israel, but also in Europe, the Middle East

and most of the rest of the world… the consequences of any possible future military action could be wholly counterproductive as well as highly dangerous. Diplomatic solutions to the Iranian nuclear issue must be pursued resolutely.

The sensitivity to this issue has created an increasingly problematic and diverse arena of debate. While there are many conflicting points-of-view on this…. [read more]

Iran Revolution Term Paper

… Iran Revolution

The Iranian Revolution represented an important moment for the history of Iran on the one hand and for the evolution of the Cold War on the other hand.

There are two perspectives over the impact of the Iranian Revolution. There is the one which presents the facts at the time of the revolution, in terms of the situation in 1979 from the point-of-view of the oil, the religious aspect, and the European intervention; at the same time, there is the perspective of the eventual results on the above mentioned issues.

In the first case, the situation prior and during the revolution included several aspects. On the one hand in terms of the oil industry, Iran was one of the most important trading partners…. [read more]

Iran the Current President Term Paper

… Iran

The current president of Iran, Mohammed Khatami, won the "deeply flawed elections" (Supporting Human Rights and Democracy: The U.S. Record 2003-2004, Iran) held in 2004. The Iranian government has continued to commit serious human rights violations, as well as numerous abuses, such as "summary executions, disappearances, extremist vigilantism, widespread use of torture," restrictions on workers rights and freedom of association, attacks on students, protesters and journalists (Ibid.) that culminated with the death of a Canadian citizen photographer who had been imprisoned in Iran. The government has made no real effort to stop discrimination and violence; on the contrary, it has continued to harass the "Baha'i community and other religious and ethnic minority groups, including Jews, Christians, and Sunni and Sufi Muslims" (Ibid.)

The main…. [read more]

Israel Internal Security Case Study

… Israel Internal Security Case Study

Nature of the state

Israel is a young nation, developed following WWII, when Britain withdrew from Palestine and the United Nations partitioned a portion of it for the resettlement of displaced Jews following the war. Arab nations in the region and Palestine itself rejected the arrangement, but it was followed through with nonetheless. The arrangement developed into several costly wars in which the Israeli army was successful, with the aide of foreign backing but many deep rooted tensions have not been resolved since. The Israeli government also occupies additional lands, which were acquired through these costly wars, most notably the Gaza strip and a few other regions, though some have been returned to their nation of origin since.

On 25…. [read more]

Israel: A Modern Hobbesian State? Essay

… It has only conceded the Sinai territories back to Egypt. Its one moment of conciliation has been fleeting (and Hobbes would no doubt see it as purely self-interested, on the part of both Israel and Egypt).

Hobbesian rules, as practiced in the international community are defined as follows: "Others are aggressive enemies; others are political and economic rivals; others threaten my existence; others threaten my security; I am responsible for my own survival; I am responsible for my own security; survival is based on relative military," and "the use of force is always necessary" (Frederking 2000). War is nearly constant in a Hobbesian system as a point of principle, to demonstrate one's strength. Of course, it might be protested that Israel is a modern, democratic…. [read more]

Canada Iran Diplomatic Conflict Research Paper

… Canada-Iran

On September 7, 2012, Canadian Foreign Minister John Baird announced that the country was closing its embassy in Tehran, and the Iranian embassy in Ottawa. The move signified a cessation of the ties between Canada and Iran, and was the culmination of a steady deterioration in relations between the two countries over the course of the last decade. The conflict is rooted in a number of issues, and at present there are significant pragmatic and ideological issues between the two nations that make it difficult to foresee a resolution to this diplomatic conflict at any point in the near future. This paper will outline the nature of the conflict and those impediments to resolution.

History of the Conflict

In general, the relationship between Iran…. [read more]

Iran's Nuclear Ambitions a Canadian Essay

… Having in view the massive influence that Iran has in its region regarding the security of the oil supply chain, a positive or negative change in its regime creates price fluctuations and severe uncertainty due to the fact that it can disrupt the international oil networks

The risk of a traditional war with Iran, or worse, a nuclear one, requires not only a very good cooperation among all states that have a stake in this matter, but also an efficient method of containment. As war is not an option, containment seems like the best option. The economic measures against Iran have also been put into practice by Canada, following Prime Minister Harper's statement in July 26, 2010 announcing the sanctions that Canada is imposing on…. [read more]

Iran and Their Nuclear Development Program Term Paper

… ¶ … Iran and their nuclear development program. Specifically it will examine the issue of Iran's nuclear development program and the tension that it is creating with Western nations. The Iranian government has been involved in nuclear enrichment and development for years, and they hid their nuclear program for eighteen years.

The United Nations Security Council has ordered Iran to stop nuclear enrichment, and Iran has refused, saying it needs nuclear power, and it wants to control the use of nuclear power inside its borders.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been involved in monitoring the situation in Iran and safeguarding nuclear sites in compliance with an international agreement, but Iran has refused to honor the UN and IAEA requests that it stop nuclear…. [read more]

Response to Showdown With Iran Video Essay

… Iran

The United States has interfered in Iranian affairs since the 1950s, and the resutls have been nothing less than catastrophic. Although the PBS Frontline video "Showdown in Iran" does not delve too much into the history of U.S.-Iranian relations in the 20th century, the producers do illustrate clearer than any mainstream media report that Iran was one of the key objectives and motivators for the post 9/11 invasion of Iraq and the subsequent political and military campaigns. The United States demonstrates an increasing ignorance about the region over the course of decades of interactions. Rather than became more knowledgeable about the differences between Sunni and Shi'a Islam, the United States has appeared embarrassingly ignorant to the point of botching foreign policy and military strategy…. [read more]

Iran God Has Planted in Every Human Term Paper

… ¶ … Iran

"God has planted in every human heart the desire to live in freedom'- the belief of President Bush made it clear the American perspective of devising a strategy for democracy in the Middle East confronting the obstacles of reform, the allies of terror along with anticipation of high standards from our parents. (Iran: Solidarity with Iran) The promotion of democracy has become a leading premise behind the declared U.S. policy in Middle East. Thomas Carothers, director of the Carnegie Endowment Program of Law and Democracy, in his publication Critical Mission: Essays on Democracy Promotion, puts forth that 'The project has a strong background. There is a strong line of continuity in the post-cold War period.' He pointed out that United States promotes…. [read more]

Iran Societal Assessment Research Paper

… Analysts say the continuation of this trend will take Iran far beyond and above its Muslim counterparts. But the Neo-conservative government and President Ahmad-Nejd are not happy and want to introduce reforms to help take the population to 120 million

. This seems to hint at the modernization of the populace and the fact that the government and people don't get along very well.

NATIONAL COHESION: If Pakistan has a diverse population with a variety of cultural, social and ethnic groups residing in the country Iran is not far behind. The Iranian nation is composed of more than 10 ethnic groups and a similar number of languages here. The religious composition of the country is also equally diverse. The official religion is Islam and there…. [read more]

Iran Contra Affair Term Paper

… ¶ … Iran-Contra Affair of the 198os. Specifically, it will discuss and analyze lessons learned from successes or failures of the Iran-Contra counterintelligence operations. The Iran-Contra Affair galvanized America and made Ollie North a common household name. There were many lessons learned from the Iran-Contra affair, and perhaps the most important was the United States government has more power and intrigue than people had previously imagined or believed.

What lead to the Iran-Contra Affair? There were two distinct parts that came together to create the affair. The first was a civil war in Nicaragua, where the contras were fighting the Sandinistas for control of the government. President Ronald Reagan and his cabinet supported the contras, and wanted to get arms to them to aid in…. [read more]

Source and Future of National Identity in Israel Term Paper

… Israel and Palestine

Zionist Movement

The Zionist movement began in the late 19th century. It reflected the idea that, after centuries of persecution and Diaspora, which began in the 6th century B.C., when the Jews were forced out of Israel and exiled to Babylonia; Jews should rebuild their original homeland in Israel (Ram, 1998). Only when Jews had a state, a country, would there be an end to Jewish Diaspora. As well as a Jewish state where all Jews would be welcome to be free of the racial prejudices and hate that had followed them since the 6th century Diaspora. Zionism was born out of the natural human need for the Jews to have a state where they could collectively pursue their religious faith and…. [read more]

Israel Country Study Research Paper

… Political/Government Assessment

There is no constitution that is followed in Israel. Instead, the affairs of the country are regulated and administered under the Declaration of Establishment (1948) in addition to the laws made by the parliament and citizens. The Head of the State is always the President which is regarded as a principally ceremonial responsible position. The legislature has the responsibility of electing the President for a term of 7 years without any term limits. On the other hand, the Prime Minister is responsible for heading the government. Normally, the largest party's leader is given the mentioned position after the completion of legislative elections. The unicameral legislature has a Knesset consisting of one hundred and twenty seats. The members of Knesset are selected by ballot…. [read more]

2006 War Between Israel and Lebanon Term Paper

… Israel & Hezbollah (in Lebanon)

The Conflict Between Israel and Hezbollah - 2006

Key historical issues between Israel and their Arab neighbors living in Palestine and Lebanon: There is a bloody history between Israel and Arabs and hence it is appropriate to review those conflicts at the outset of this paper. Indeed, prior to the war between Israel and Lebanon that began in July, 2006, Israel had engaged in five major wars, or conflicts, with Arab states that border with Israel. It should be noted in terms of perspective that the United Nations authorized a Jewish State in the territory that is now Israel following WWII; the genocidal slaughter of an estimated 3 million Jews in Europe, carried out by the German Nazis, raised the…. [read more]

Iran-Contra Affair Historical Research Paper

… Security about the location of the hostages and the kidnappers was tight and prevented rescue. Public pressure and pressure from families was keen, eventually leading to a deterioration of the practice of not negotiating and not giving concessions to terrorists to which the Americans and the French held themselves. The Reagan administration violated official Congressional policy to negotiate secret arms-for-hostage exchange with the Iranians, who were believed to have sufficient influence over Hezbollah to achieve release of the hostages.

Literature Review

When is a Story a Lie is a Story? Boynton (1991) describes a theory of politics as conversation. He might not have had the testimonies given at the Walsh trial of the Iran-Contra affair in mind, but it seems to be a good fit…. [read more]

Iran History Essay

… As Iran's economy is focused in only a few sectors and rigidly controlled by the government, "Iran continues to suffer from double-digit unemployment and underemployment," and particularly "underemployment among Iran's educated youth [which] has convinced many to seek jobs overseas, resulting in a significant "brain drain" (CIA 2011). This more than anything else demonstrates the unsustainability of Iran's political and economic policies, and indeed, the rampant unemployment has precipitated the emergence of a new revolutionary movement, this time free from any religious ideologies that would turn its democratic potential towards violence and authoritarianism. Of course, this movement again serves to subvert the western powers as well, because although it rejects the theocracy of the Islamic Revolution it does not concurrently reject the nationalism felt for…. [read more]

Iranian and Global Nuclear Realism Essay

… The real issue of the progressive advancement of nuclear technologies and the emergence of the Stutnex is more troubling, however. The U.S., the EU or players like Saudi Arabia actually using or supporting these kinds of cyber attacks can be destabilizing to many of their allies. Like an Avatar in a videogame, the attack can come from anywhere and be launched by anyone. But even if the aggressor is just a larger multinational, there is no way to know what the results could be. As mentioned, right now it appears that the Stutnex is aimed at just Iran, which has to make it worry about whether it will still be in the power game in the future. But other countries could well worry in their…. [read more]

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