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Israel Internal Security Case Study

… Israel Internal Security Case Study

Nature of the state

Israel is a young nation, developed following WWII, when Britain withdrew from Palestine and the United Nations partitioned a portion of it for the resettlement of displaced Jews following the war. Arab nations in the region and Palestine itself rejected the arrangement, but it was followed through with nonetheless. The arrangement developed into several costly wars in which the Israeli army was successful, with the aide of foreign backing but many deep rooted tensions have not been resolved since. The Israeli government also occupies additional lands, which were acquired through these costly wars, most notably the Gaza strip and a few other regions, though some have been returned to their nation of origin since.

On 25…. [read more]


Israel Explanation Term Paper

… With both sides of the equation being labeled as both victim and perpetrator, it becomes difficult to propose sensible national security policies.

The securitization process of Israel has been recently built on the labeling mechanism. Labeling Palestinians with the blanket term of "terrorist" has become the major means by which Israel garners domestic and international support through the media and popular culture. As Finkelstein (2003) puts it, Israel "has defined Palestinian terror as an existential threat to the survival of the Israeli state and society," (p. 3). The speeches of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu echo the existential threat theory that permeates Israeli public consciousness. As a direct method of promoting right-wing security strategies, propaganda such as this helps to establish an ethnocratic regime under the…. [read more]


Israel Country Study Research Paper

… Political/Government Assessment

There is no constitution that is followed in Israel. Instead, the affairs of the country are regulated and administered under the Declaration of Establishment (1948) in addition to the laws made by the parliament and citizens. The Head of the State is always the President which is regarded as a principally ceremonial responsible position. The legislature has the responsibility of electing the President for a term of 7 years without any term limits. On the other hand, the Prime Minister is responsible for heading the government. Normally, the largest party's leader is given the mentioned position after the completion of legislative elections. The unicameral legislature has a Knesset consisting of one hundred and twenty seats. The members of Knesset are selected by ballot…. [read more]


George W. Bush Administration Policy on Syria Essay

… Syria

An Analysis of the U.S.-Syrian Conflict

This paper will analyze the G.W. Bush Administration's justification for conflict with Syria and show how the disparate reasons of internal organs within the White House and those offered to the public by way of the national press suggest that an ulterior motive much broader in scope and ideological in nature was (and is) actually the basis for justification. In doing so, this paper will utilize Conflict Theory to help bring into perspective the opposing rationales that are presented throughout the analysis.

The Bush Administration had very clear reasons for initiating conflict with Syria, outlined by such neo-conservative think tanks as the Project for the New American Century (PNAC) (members of which were highly placed in the Administration…. [read more]


Iran's Nuclear Ambitions a Canadian Essay

… Having in view the massive influence that Iran has in its region regarding the security of the oil supply chain, a positive or negative change in its regime creates price fluctuations and severe uncertainty due to the fact that it can disrupt the international oil networks

The risk of a traditional war with Iran, or worse, a nuclear one, requires not only a very good cooperation among all states that have a stake in this matter, but also an efficient method of containment. As war is not an option, containment seems like the best option. The economic measures against Iran have also been put into practice by Canada, following Prime Minister Harper's statement in July 26, 2010 announcing the sanctions that Canada is imposing on…. [read more]


PESTLE Analysis Country's Profile Political Essay

… Poor water management and inadequate storage are the main causative agents for this situation. There have been various plans been rolled out in Pakistani parliament, however most of them failed to secure the support of majority so there has been no substantial growth in this regard. The country has been working in a close liaison with United Nations Development Pogramme and has been taking measures for saving wildlife, and maintaining adequacy of natural resources (See Figure A in Appendix A).

Out of all these factors, poor infrastructure and shortage of energy and fresh water resources are main factors which can act as a major hurdle in carrying out manufacturing in Karachi, Pakistan. According to Pakistan Textile Journal, more than three hundred factories have shutdown only…. [read more]


Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gangs: Threat to National Security? Thesis

… ¶ … predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (aka MS-13), and the 18th Street Gang operating on the streets of communities across America. This study is significant because it will provide a snapshot in time concerning how these violent gangs operate in this country in ways that can inform and alert both civilian society and government agencies concerning optimal responses to the problem created by these gangs. Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of documentary evidence and governmental statistics about the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang, this study developed several conclusive findings on the negative effects of these groups in the United States. The Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang are becoming transnational criminal organizations given the fact that they originated in Central America and…. [read more]


Oslo Peace Accords Thesis

… Oslo Peace Accords Impact on Middle East Negotiations

Today, the State of Israel continues to be faced with some fundamental challenges and obstacles to its goals of resolving the longstanding conflict between the Palestinian Liberation Organization and neighboring Middle Eastern countries in the region. In spite of the Oslo Peace Accords of 1993, these constraints to progress continue to characterize the negotiation process between Israel and their Middle East neighbors in general and the Palestinians in particular, and it would seem neither side is willing to comprise to the extent that is needed to achieve a lasting peace. To determine what these obstacles and challenges to peace are today, this paper provides a description and analysis of the Oslo Peace Accords of 1993 and the…. [read more]


Assassination of the Former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri Term Paper

… Assination of Rafik Hariri: Extinguishing a Light in the Middle East

Lebanon is an oddity in the Middle East; a diverse cultural mixture that were it not for outside influences vying for power and control of the country might perhaps achieve a culturally and economically successful society. It has on more than one occasion in its war torn history attempted to do that. To become a Singapore of the Middle East; or at least such was the vision held by Lebanon's late former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri (he had resigned in 2004), who was assassinated in February, 2005 (Denoeux and Springborg, 1998, p. 158). "Consciously striving to emulate its putative Phoenician heritage, Lebanon was the only truly cosmopolitan Arab country (Denoeux and Springborg, 1998, p.…. [read more]


al-Assad: Religious Minority Rule in Syria Research Paper

… al-Assad family has ruled Syria with an iron fist for the past 40 years, and the fallout from the recent uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa have also affected the Syrian people. The purpose of this research is to explore how the al-Assad family, members of a religious minority, came to power in Syria, and what that has meant for the Syrian people. To this end, this study examines how the Alawi sect came to power in Syria from a historiographic and religious studies perspective, and what the implications of the recent revolutions in neighboring countries might be for the ruling elite in Syria. A summary of the research and important findings are presented in the study's conclusion.



How a…. [read more]


Economic Strategies in the Middle East What Emerging Strategy Is Winning Term Paper

… Economic Strategies in the Middle East: What Emerging Strategy Is Winning?

This paper analyzes the drivers of economic growth in five Middle Eastern countries: Israel, Qatar, Dubai, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Despite the disparate nature of their economic and political strategies, all five countries are enjoying significant growth.

The strategies for growth are analyzed according to a set of indicators which indicate the future trajectory of these countries' growth rates, and the sources for this economic growth.

The paper concludes that four of the five countries will continue to enjoy significant growth rates. Saudi Arabia, however, will continue to struggle despite high demand and high prices for its primary extractive resources.

As knowledge-based industries and political stability grow in the other four countries, they should…. [read more]


Causes of the First Intifada Term Paper

… ¶ … Intifada

CAUSES OF THE FIRST INTIFADA

Arab-Israel conflict is almost 90 years old and roots of it can be traced back to the nineteenth century with the rise of Arab nationalism and Zionism. With the establishment of state of Israel in 1948, this conflict rose to new heights when during the process of its creation over 770,000 Palestinians were displaced and dispossessed of a land, culture and heritage that they believed was rightfully theirs. And those who chose to stay in Israel encountered horrible atrocities in the form of social, political and economic subjugation. With Israel gaining more land in the June of 1967 as it captured the Old City of Jerusalem, the West Bank, and Gaza, additional 350,000 Palestinians were displaced. The…. [read more]


Muhammad Ali in Egypt Thesis

… But they took away, for five centuries, the possibility of an independent Arab-dom, and Arab nationalists bore them considerable ill-will for it[footnoteRef:13]. The only 'Arab' state conquered by the Turks which was not in irremediable decay, was the Mamluk state of Egypt and Syria[footnoteRef:14]. The Mamluks themselves were a dynasty of Turkish slaves; and in any case they afterwards succeeded, as did all the North African provinces, in enjoying internal autonomy under Ottoman suzerainty. The claim that the caliphate had been transmitted to the Ottoman sultans was made only late in the history of the Empire. It was as Turkish rulers that they held their power, and only secondarily (if at all) as vice-regents of the Prophet. They preserved and even sharpened the distinction between…. [read more]


Modernity the Discourse Research Proposal

… Modernity

The discourse of modernity is unfortunate in that it tends to entail a certain hostility to non-Western cultures. This type of discourse and its inherent hostility operates to exclude non-Western cultures from meaningful participation in the modern world. Simultaneously, it articulates a desire to indeed include them under the condition of "civilization." Modernity seeks to both whitewash and civilize non-Western cultures to resemble the West.

"Instrumental in the ideology of colonialism, this configuration continues to wield a powerful influence in contemporary theories of the Orient and of modernity. The assumption of modernity privileges Western cultural and moral dispositions, defining modernity in terms of Western cultures and historical experiences" (Mirsepassi, 9). The trope of modernity is concerned with the concept of the "West" as representative…. [read more]


European Union and Turkey Term Paper

… European Union and Turkey

There are controversial issues surrounding Turkey's accession to the EU taking into account the different forces inside the communitarian forum. However, it can be said that the Muslin country has enough attributes to be considered for membership of the European Union. Still, in order to have a better view at the importance of the country for the European forum, it is essential that one particular aspect be taken into account. In this sense, the way in which the foreign policy of the European Union is developing, the Turkish accession may represent one of its most important attributes. More precisely, given the fact that the new threats of security come from the Middle East or so it seems after recent reports, the…. [read more]


Developing a Maritime Policy for Saudi Arabia Term Paper

… ¶ … Rational Maritime Policy for Saudi Arabia

The Untapped Potential of Saudi Arabia's Maritime Resources

Saudi Arabia is not a nation whose fate has been historically associated with the oceans. Images conjured of Saudi Arabia will involve oil fields and vast deserts. At first blush, there seems little reason to even consider a maritime policy for the nation, let alone a rational and holistic one that incorporates information from many maritime interests and successfully coordinates policy decisions for all. This is a misconception. In fact, Saudi Arabia has an intimate and strategic relationship with two major oceanic routes: the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. As the importance of these routes is certain to grow in the coming years and decades, it is important…. [read more]


Geopolitics and American Foreign Politics Thesis

… Geopolitics and American Foreign Politics

Geopolitics is a theory that can be applied to countries throughout the world. Over the last few years America's foreign policy strategies have been called into question. For the purposes of this discussion is to examine geopolitics in the context of American Foreign Policy.

Many scholars and people throughout the world believe that America has taken the wrong approach in recent years as it pertains to foreign policy. These criticisms came in the wake of the war with Iraq. It has been posited that geopolitics greatly influences American foreign policy. According to Garfinkle (2003) America's relationships with certain countries is motivated by regional geopolitics. This argument can be made, particularly as it pertains to the Middle East. At the current…. [read more]


Performance of the Middle East Property Markets Data Analysis Chapter

… Performance of the Middle East Property Markets

Over the last several years, the real estate market in the Middle East has been through a tremendous amount of challenges. Part of the reason for this, is because the different oil exporting countries experienced a boom in prices until 2008. This is when the price of West Texas Light Sweet Crude would reach $140 per barrel. Once this occurred, it meant that consumers and business cut back on their spending dramatically. This was the equivalent of a tax increase that was placed upon them, which was had an impact on spending. As a result, the price of oil declined to $35.00 per barrel in January 2009. This had a negative impact upon the economies throughout the region,…. [read more]


US Security the Evolving U.S. Security Theory Essay

… US Security

The Evolving U.S. Security Theory: Cold War, War on Terror and Beyond

For the larger part of the 20th century following World War II, United States security policy revolved on Cold War theories of containment and nation-building. The United States and the Soviet Union were engaged in an indirect form of philosophical, military and economic contention that drove alternate strategies of regional occupation and government propping, as well as arms and space exploration races. America's security priorities and emphases were on the demand to meet communist and Soviet threats abroad and to construct a policy of internal monitoring intended to prevent its internal spread. As we further explore the current security outlook and safety policy vagaries for the United States, particularly those occurring…. [read more]


Intelligence Community Many Divergent Global Term Paper

… Closer ties between schools and the intelligence community are attractive in this respect. Careerists may profit from excellent chances by investing in different sections and nongovernmental institutions including those in finance and commerce. Concentration on long-term estimates of familiar subjects and wide patterns must be minimized because of the dwindling client interest and the low comparative advantage of the intelligence group in this domain (Raskin, 2009). Such gauges should be short, written by people, and have sources recognized where they prompt major conclusions. Territories of consensus and contradiction alike ought to be highlighted in team projects. The intelligence community may also make greatest utilization of open sources. However, it must not turn into an all-purpose source of data or research organization for either the Congress…. [read more]


Iran Instability Thesis

… ]

Rise in occurrences of terrorism

It was back in 1979 when Islamic Revolution was complete and since then Iran has grown consistently to be among those countries that actively support terrorism and terrorist cells across the world. Tehran is one the major states in Iran that is reputed to have equipped, educated, monetarily supported, stimulated, prepared, and otherwise encouraged a large number of terrorist groups through the years. Iran has been known to support not just terrorist cells in the Persian Gulf region, but have also been known to support additional terrorist cells and groups in the regions of Lebanon, Palestine, Bosnia and Philippines amongst other places. This encouragement and backup has sustained to stay strong in recent times as well: the U.S. administration…. [read more]


Future Wars of the Middle East Will Result Over Water Shortages Term Paper

… Water in the Middle East

Governments around the world have a primary concern over water availability and the Middle East and North Africa are no exception. The thesis evaluates the possibility of future wars throughout the Middle East and North Africa due to water scarcity and limited water resources presently being experienced in that region.

The paper starts by revealing the gravity of the situation by showing the present statistics surrounding the problem of water scarcity throughout the world. Thereafter, the paper highlights the importance of water in the national economy. From then on, the paper briefly discusses the present situation of water scarcity in the Middle East by noting down the present available resources of water in the Middle East. Lastly, the paper briefly…. [read more]


Hamas Often When People Think Term Paper

… The International Court did rule that some of Israel's purposed wall location were beyond jurisdiction and that those areas would have to be rerouted (Jones 2009).

The Israeli courts have done everything to ensure that their government is not doing anything illegal. In fact, in the case of Mara'abe v. The Prime Minister of Israel, the Israeli Supreme Court ruled that a portion of intended fence in the northern West Bank violated international humanitarian law and ordered the government to reroute the section (Watson 2006,-page 895). This expanded on an earlier court decision, Beit Sourik Village Council v. Israel, in which the Israeli Supreme Court which also demanded rerouting of a segment of fence which was deemed in violation of humanitarian law.

The government of…. [read more]


Ancient History of Yemen Research Paper

… In the south it is important to remember that the League did not always have influence but it tried to do so without ceasing, frequently depending upon its own internal evolutionary strife and who its power brokers were at any given time.

Intermittent clashes took place along the frontier in 1954. The leader of the north (San'a) signed a tripartite military alliance with Saudi Arabia and Egypt on 24 April 1956 (Jidda Pact) and, in 1958, federated with the United Arab Republic (the federation was called the United Arab States). These arrangements were dissolved in 1961. San'a also claimed South Yemen (Aden). When the treaty was broken, a long period of Egyptian-supported subversion began in San'a. [as a direct result of Arab League influence by…. [read more]


Politics of Monarchical Survival in Jordan and Morocco Term Paper

… ¶ … politics of Monarchical Survival in Jordan and Morocco

Introduction broader perspective view into the forms of monarchy prevalent in the present day world in general defines the common peculiarities of the modern monarchies. Some of the monarchies are in operation since long and most are of recent origin, however, have been reformulated to a great extent to be adaptable to the needs of the nation state. The Islamic type of Monarchy is not particularly unique irrespective of the fact that the convention from which it hails clearly is mixing Arab tribal custom charismatic leadership and the Persian convention of quasi-divine kingship in its earlier manifestations. (the Myth of Monarchy in the Arab World)

In these circumstances the legitimating of the candidate or successor…. [read more]


Iran-Contra Affair Historical Research Paper

… Security about the location of the hostages and the kidnappers was tight and prevented rescue. Public pressure and pressure from families was keen, eventually leading to a deterioration of the practice of not negotiating and not giving concessions to terrorists to which the Americans and the French held themselves. The Reagan administration violated official Congressional policy to negotiate secret arms-for-hostage exchange with the Iranians, who were believed to have sufficient influence over Hezbollah to achieve release of the hostages.

Literature Review

When is a Story a Lie is a Story? Boynton (1991) describes a theory of politics as conversation. He might not have had the testimonies given at the Walsh trial of the Iran-Contra affair in mind, but it seems to be a good fit…. [read more]


Syria the Arab Spring Term Paper

… Syria

The "Arab spring" has become one of the most important movements in the Arab world of the last decades. It has resulted in the regime change in countries such as Egypt and Tunisia, with wide reverberations in Libya, Syria, and even Iran.

The countries of the Middle East are now engaged in a process of transformation, not solely in terms of the regime change but also in terms of the mentality and social development. Although the actual spark of the Arab spring is rather hard to determine, as there were sufficient initial signs to point out this inevitable development, the Arab world, and in particularly these countries are now on the path of transformation, regardless of the resolution of this movement.

The case study…. [read more]


Conflict Resolution and Post Conflict Reconstruction in the International System Thesis

… International Relations

Conflict Resolution and Post-Conflict Resolution in the International System

Conflict is a fact of international relations. States make war on each other and, factions within states disturb internal order. Prior to 1945, the victorious party usually destroyed, punished, or absorbed the loser. Empires were created and dismantled. Civil wars ended in the assumption of control by a particular group. The vanquished lost their freedom or struggled to pay indemnities and tributes. Yet the destruction wrought by war can have lasting consequences. As World War II demonstrated, it is often better to build up ones former rivals than to leave them to cope with the aftermath of conflict. Catastrophic destruction and displacement can breed further conflict. Resentments stir popular movements. The aggrieved parties become…. [read more]


Development of Health Management System in Saudi Arabia Research Proposal

… Healthcare in Saudi Arabia

Project Title: Development of Health Management Systems in Saudi Arabia

Geopolitical Overview

Within the global healthcare model there are various expressions of appropriateness of care. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, for instance, healthcare has always been the purview of the government, funded at the behest of the ruling family, designed for a predominately young or middle aged population, and certainly not designed for the increasing urbanization and economic improvements that oil and natural gas have brought to the region. In addition, changing demographics in the Kingdom make it necessary to rethink the model of healthcare.

A geopolitical and cultural background of the country and comparison with the region is first provided to engage the reader in the synergism between these…. [read more]


Iraq Pre- and Post-Saddam Research Paper

… Iraq

In 2003, the U.S. War on Terror expanded its footprint to incorporate an invasion of Iraq. From the moment that the first Rangers parachuted into the Kurdish-held territory in the north to the moment when President Bush declared victory on the aircraft carrier, the Iraq war was controversial. The expressed motives for the conflict where, well, conflicting, and if there was confusion about the mandate of the invasion, there was even more confusion about what the desired post-conflict Iraq would look like. If viewed through the lens of a business transaction, the high cost of the conflict in Iraq can only be justified if there was a subsequent benefit that exceeds that cost. This paper will look at the conditions in Iraq before and…. [read more]

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