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Israeli Settlement Policies Research Paper

… Israeli Settlement Policies

There are Israeli settlements in the West Bank, Golan Heights and East Jerusalem. These highly contested Jewish communities range in size from small villages to now recognized cities. To better understand this situation, this paper will overview the background on Israelis settlements. The legality of settlements, in regards to International Law, will also be discussed. UN resolutions regarding the settlements will be reviewed. This will be followed by a discussion of the impact of settlements on Palestinians in the West Bank. The preferential treatment the settlements receive, compared to the original cities, will be presented. Lastly, how settlemenst should be addressed in the future will be overviewed.

Israeli Settlements Background:

Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip and West Bank have existed for…. [read more]


Israeli Business Communication Although Geographically Tiny Term Paper

… Israeli Business Communication

Although geographically "tiny," Israel purports clout in historical and contemporary business arenas. Economically and geographically, this nation presents unique contrasts in the world's nations and cultures. Israel consists of more than half desert land, yet by irrigating with water pumped from the Sea of Galilee and released over plans in small amounts, crops such as is flowers are inches and avocados are produced. "Snow covered mountains and tropical sea resorts, technology hotbeds and Byzantine churches, socialist-style settlements and free market corporations, Ethiopian traditions and Polish cuisines, Beemers and camels all exist together in a bustling, hyper-energetic, egalitarian, extroverted and impassioned caldron a mere 262 miles long and, in some areas, 10 miles wide." (Gu)

Desert nights, year round can be cold." (Gu)…. [read more]


American Foreign Policy Towards the Middle East Under Obama Research Proposal

… Israelis and Palestinians do not have to keep fighting and killing each other forever. But it sometimes seems that they do. While there are places in the world in which the possible of a functional polity are far more distant (such as Somalia), it is fundamentally difficult to imagine a world in which Palestinians, Arabs, and Israelis beat their swords into plowshares. And of all the places in the world where the soil is constantly drenched in blood, what is referred to -- for historical reasons, one assumes, rather than ironic ones, as the Holy Land -- is the place where the United States has the most at stake in both strategic terms and in terms of American standing in the world.

Except -- of…. [read more]


Palestinian and Israeli Conflict in International Law Term Paper

… Palestinian and Israeli Conflict in International Law

History by itself and the differing views of history possibly play a very significant role in the conflict between the people of Palestine and Israel. Thus historical accounts and the interpretation of these accounts are made use of in the claims and counter claims of the parties in the dispute. "No two historians ever agree on what happened, and the damn thing is they both think they're telling the truth" (a Brief History of Israel and Palestine and the Conflict)

History of the Conflict from the Time of Creation of Israel

The UN General Assembly agreed to a plan November 29, 1947 for the division of Arab lands into the three parts of Israel Palestine and an internationally-administered…. [read more]


Israel Explanation Term Paper

… With both sides of the equation being labeled as both victim and perpetrator, it becomes difficult to propose sensible national security policies.

The securitization process of Israel has been recently built on the labeling mechanism. Labeling Palestinians with the blanket term of "terrorist" has become the major means by which Israel garners domestic and international support through the media and popular culture. As Finkelstein (2003) puts it, Israel "has defined Palestinian terror as an existential threat to the survival of the Israeli state and society," (p. 3). The speeches of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu echo the existential threat theory that permeates Israeli public consciousness. As a direct method of promoting right-wing security strategies, propaganda such as this helps to establish an ethnocratic regime under the…. [read more]


Arab-Israeli Conflict Research Proposal

… ¶ … establishment of the Israeli State and the long subsequent series Arab-Israeli wars over it has been at the heart of Middle Eastern conflict over six decades. The fundamental conflict between Israel and the Palestines displaced by the first offensive Arab attacks on the nascent Israeli state continues to fuel tensions throughout the entire region. Unlike many other conflicts that eventually reach a peaceful settlement, the intractable conflict over the Palestinian refugee issue has developed into a continuous cycle of violence that is not leading towards any agreement or peace. Complex issues of identities, fulfillment of basic needs, nationalism, religious zeal, and cultural differences have compounded the problem.

The various influences demand an objective analysis and a philosophical approach to laying groundwork for stability…. [read more]


Are Indian-Israeli Relations Useful for India's National Interests? Thesis

… ¶ … Indian-Israeli Relations Valuable to India's National Interests?

Today, India stands at an important juncture in its historical development. Following its independence from Britain in 1948, the years that followed have been turbulent ones for India, with a relentless series of political, military and economic challenges confronting the country time and again. Despite these challenges, India has emerged in the 21st center as an increasingly important actor within the international community and has enjoyed steady economic growth for the past two decades. Notwithstanding its enormous geographic size and population, though, India continues to perceive a number of external threats, most especially with Pakistan over the Kashmir issue and relations with much of the Arab world that have often been ambivalent or even hostile. In…. [read more]


Arab-Israeli Conflict the Genesis Research Proposal

… Arab-Israeli Conflict

The genesis of the Arab-Israeli conflict predated the 1948 creation of the modern state of Israel. Ottoman colonialism had scarred the Middle East for centuries. During World War One, French and especially British intervention in the region exacerbated an already heated conflict between Arabs and Jews in Palestinian region. The political trend toward nationalism also encouraged the Zionist ideology.

Zionism began as a loosely organized grassroots movement in Europe during the late nineteenth century that encouraged Jews in Diaspora to claim a homeland territory in Palestine. Zionism was not a universal theme among Jews, and in fact many Jews living in Palestine and abroad opposed the creation of a modern Israeli nation-state (Beinin & Hajjar). The primary impetus of Zionism was to create…. [read more]


European Union's Policy Term Paper

… Any attempt by the EU to keep its policy independent from the one adopted by the U.S. As seen as a sign of Gaullist intransigence by an increasingly assertive U.S..

Current Status of the Policy

The underlying theme of the European Union's Middle East policy is an evenhanded approach towards Israel and the Palestinians. While it recognizes Israel's "irrevocable right to live in peace and security within internationally recognized borders," it also "recognizes the need for the establishment of a democratic, viable and peaceful sovereign Palestinian State on the basis of the 1967 borders, with the possibility of minor adjustments through land swaps, Jerusalem as a shared capital, and a just and acceptable solution to refugee issue." (Ibid. "EU General Position..")

Moreover, The European Union…. [read more]


German Foreign Policy Research Paper

… German Foreign Policy

Following World War II, Germany remained ideologically and geographically divided between the two opposing sides of the Cold War, and only after the fall of the Soviet Union did the country reunify and begin to formulate a coherent foreign policy of its own. However, over the last ten years, this foreign policy has often put it at odds with some of its allies (especially those in NATO), and recent events suggest that this rift between Germany and its neighbors and allies will only widen in the future, as economic instability and democratic uprisings in the Middle East threaten to destabilize the relatively fragile relations between countries, especially at a time when national leaders are increasingly thinking of their own country's individual needs…. [read more]


Role of Land Settlement Cooperative in the Kingdom of Thailand and Its Business Performance Term Paper

… Role of Land Settlement Cooperative in the Kingdom of Thailand and Its Business Performance

Prior to the Cooperative Crisis

Agriculture is a mark of civilization for the mankind.

It is beyond economy.

It is a part of our society, and a part of our culture." (Kittiampon)

Interview: Thailand...," 2000)

Cooperative Contentions

This researcher contends that in Thailand, an agricultural cooperative's business duties, when dealing with farmers may be divided into two primary scopes:

The first "scope" consists of the original idea founding the agricultural cooperative, focusing on money, in the realms of either savings or loans.

Another "scope," marketing needs to cover the dual aspects of marketing agricultural products, such as providing pertinent agricultural input to members and gathering members' products to resell.

The primary…. [read more]


American Foreign Policy From Three Term Paper

… I also agree with Walt's position that the U.S. is spreading itself thin globally dealing in issues that really have no direct effect on Americans. Moreover, I agree with Walt's belief that the U.S. should not reduce its military power, because choices and options are important. Furthermore, I even agree with Xinbo, concerning the hypocrisy of U.S. human rights policies and the need for perspective. However, I disagree with Xinbo's suggestion that the sharing of advancement in science and technology with the world is in the best interests of the United States.

I believe there is need for a change in U.S. foreign policy and that it should perhaps be woven from the three authors above. The United States should develop resources that would give…. [read more]


Israeli Occupation of the Gaza Term Paper

… It is therefore evident that U.S. financial aid actually becomes a source for other countries to commit violence, injustice, and atrocities against other countries or societies.

It is also worth noting that Petter's article was a personal narration of her condition and the political debacle she had to go through in order to justify the protest she had joined at Israel. Speaking for other people's protests against Israel's commitment of injustice against Palestine, she asserted, "[f]or daring to witness and report the brutal effects the wall is taking on the Palestinian population, I have been deemed a "security threat" by the State of Israel ... " Her narrative remained an open-ended report on the continuing conflict between Israel and Palestine supporters.

The personal tone that…. [read more]


Israel and Palestine Essay

… S. allies' attempts to topple Nasser. Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles both saw a need to strike Israel for its unprovoked attack on Egypt in 1956. But the Zionist lobby, led by Congressman Lyndon B. Johnson was vehement: Israel was a weak state that needed support against hateful Arabs. This line of thinking was clearly prejudiced, as it was Israel that was attacking Egypt, not Egypt attacking Israel. Indeed, Ben-Gurion had secretly met with the President of France to discuss the planned assault. France and Britain insisted that Israel led the attack, which they would then support with an air assault. Ben-Gurion agreed. He had plans to invade not only Egypt, but also Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. Strategic waterways, ports, and hills were precious…. [read more]


Conflict Resolution in the Middle Term Paper

… The pro-Israel camp has its own lobbies, organizations, think tanks, magazines, support groups, Internet user groups, etc. that strives hard to establish that the Arabs are wrong and they are right. The Israelis pose to be more outstanding in morality than the Arabs. Similarly the lobbies, organizations, think tanks, magazines, support groups, Internet user groups, etc. existing in the side of pro-Arab camps strives hard to establish that the Israelis are wrong and they are right. They also announce in similar fashion that they are morally more upstanding in comparison to the Israelis. Both of the groups are accusing each other labeling allegation that the other is morally deficient, the other is not acting nicely and because of the other that they are not arriving…. [read more]


Course Is Comparative Politics Term Paper

… ¶ … Israel's Security Policies Relating to the Building of the Wall

The problem is terrorism or rather in general terms, the lack of security for the state of Israel. Since its inception in 1948, the Jewish state has been subjected to numerous attacks from its Arab neighbors, each of which has, as its stated aim, the destruction of the state of Israel. Winning independence in 1948, after a bitter fight, it would be forced time and again to fight for its existence. Israel's reaction to the security problem over the years has been to build a series of fixed structures or walls to keep its enemies out. These structures have done more to increase the security of the State of Israel, than any other…. [read more]


Rubber Bullets: The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Term Paper

… Specifically, he asserts that the switch from traditional ammunition to rubber bullets represented a kind of self-regulation or policing, perhaps -- a self-imposed limitation in response to Israel's moral obligations as a democracy.

Of course, many in the Middle East in general, and the Palestinian Territories, in specific might take issue with the assessment of the humane nature of the switch to rubber bullets (after all, as many Palestinians can attest, rubber bullets were simply used in conjunction with live ammunition, and were still capable of serious permanent injury, or even death), and assert that his view of the, perhaps, moderating Israeli Army and national consciousness is extremely simplistic. Further, even Israeli's themselves might take issue with his entire Israeli consciousness argument (after all, Israeli…. [read more]


1967 Arab-Israeli War Term Paper

… ¶ … mistreated for their beliefs. This has been apparent within the last century due to the fact that many as six million Jews were murdered in the Holocaust. From there, religious conflicts have continued in Israel and the Middle East. It is common knowledge that the cause of the conflict between the Jews and Arabs over their homeland that they cannot compromise about. They both claim that the land belongs to one of them but not both, which caused Israel's government to use military force.

From there, another reason why they used military force was due to nationalism because it was another cause for conflict. This was due to the fact that Zionism was an ideology and national movement that grew in Europe during…. [read more]


United States' Task of Setting Term Paper

… S.S.R. broke up, and now is strategically important because we can use those bases as we did during our war on the Al-Queda in Afghanistan, and as we may if we go to war with Iraq over weapons of mass destruction. Turkey also is helpful to us in our war against terrorism and drug trafficking, as well as assisting us in various ways in our war on terrorism (Barry & Honey, 1999). U.S. planes fly regularly from Turkey to survey the "no fly" zone in northern Iraq. Critics point out that we emphasize military benefits rather than the needs of Turkish citizens, and that we may affect internal Turkish policy in a way that might alter the country's development (Barry & Honey, 1999), thus illustrating…. [read more]


Unilateralism and Preemptive Defense Term Paper

… The Bush administration is culturally blind and will not recognize the innate differences between American and Iraqi political needs.

Granted, the political systems of many nations leave a lot to be desired and the world would be a better place without systematic cruelty, corruption, and oppression. As Jackson Diehl states in his Washington Post article "The Accidental Imperialist," "inaction seemed the worst choice." Intervention is often the humane, just, ethical course of action. In fact, if the United States did act out of genuine concern for the people of Iraq, as it claimed to do, preemptive strikes could be ethically justified. If the United States did take it upon itself to help those who suffer through the use of military force, however, the action would…. [read more]


Israeli and U.S. Educational Systems Term Paper

… Israel school administrator prefer an interview for enrollment, but it is absolutely mandatory; however, parents or guardians are usually required to visit the school before a student can actually be enrolled (Yerushalaim 2003).

Conclusion

The research showed that while the educational systems of the United States and Israel share a number of commonalities in structure and ethnic strife, there are some fundamental differences between the two countries in terms of how education is viewed and for what purposes schools are intended. The separation of church and state in public schools in the United States is virtually unheard of in Israel, but both school systems recognize the need to provide for a literate society in the future by providing students with a relevant and timely education…. [read more]


Day War and Its Influence Term Paper

… Day War and Its Influence on the Political an Social Culture in Israel

The 6-day war has had a significant impact on the lives Israelis. Israelis by and large have shown significant progress to modernize their political, economic and social fabric. Their efforts are second to none, particularly, in the education and technological sector. However, the war-mentality amongst its political elite and its military bureaucracy has overshadowed its achievements in almost all areas. This, for many, has been a source of discomfort. Many argue that the state is going in the wrong direction and needs to review its current policies, not only domestic and foreign policies, but also political, social and economic ones too. Colin (2008; pg 1) writes, "The state of Israel has been…. [read more]


US Israel Relations Specifically Oslo Accords Term Paper

… U.S. / Israel Relations

Israel Relations the Oslo Accords

Since the end of World War II, the Arab Israeli conflict has been increasingly brought to the forefront. As U.S. foreign policy has continued to focus on addressing this underlying conflict that has been taking place. Part of the reason for this, was because of the continued state of war that exists between Israel and the Palestinians. What happened was the land that Israel is located on, is considered to be the ancient homeland for both Jews and Palestinians going back to biblical times. However, over the centuries the area that is now: modern day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip were controlled by a variety of different foreign powers (ranging from the Romans…. [read more]


Resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Term Paper

… But they simply cannot walk away from the territories, not in their aroused state, without guarantees they will be safe within their own borders." (The Washington Post, 2002)

Recent UN Resolution

The resolution that was put up recently in the UN Security Council was also welcomed by both Israel and Arafat, the former calling it 'balanced' and the latter 'a step forward.' But the problems to be tackled in this are:

What will be the borders between Israel and the proposed Palestine state,

What will be the fate of the Palestinian refugees who have been sanctioned the right to return to their homes which are now in Israel proper,

What will be the future of the Jewish settlements Israel has been building in the West…. [read more]


Yom Kippur War Thesis

… Yom Kippur War

The Long-Term Implications of the Yom Kippur War

As forces from Egypt, Syria, Jordan and Iraq massed around Israel's borders in 1967, Israel launched a six-day air campaign which crippled the capacity of its opponents to wage war and which expanded its borders to well beyond the tract originally awarded to Zionists with the independence of 1948. Taking control of the West Bank and the Gaza Strips, Israel now held the fate of the exiled Palestinian people in its hands. In response to this condition, the United Nations Security Council attempted to draft a resolution demanding Israel's immediate withdrawal from its newly occupied territories. Here, the United States introduced that which would epitomize its policy regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict by blocking the…. [read more]


Israel International PoliticsTerrorism Case Study

… ISRAEL

Locked in a history of persecution, religious discrimination, and national consciousness, the Jewish people were granted their own land when, following World War II, the British withdrew from Palestine and the United Nations divided the war-torn land into two separate states. The UN created an Arab state and a Jewish state, Israel, against tremendous rejection by the Arabs, who felt that what was once their land was being redistributed without their approval. The 1947 UN Partition created a very small state in the area of Tel Aviv, and, through a series of wars, Israel ambitiously expanded its borders. The Jews and the Arabs, both inextricably psychologically tied to this holy land, continue to mar the narrowly defined lines of the nation of Israel, Medinat…. [read more]


Multinational Force and Its Mandate for Peacekeeping Term Paper

… Multinational Force and Its Mandate for Peacekeeping

Reasons for creation of MFO

The origin of Multinational Force and Observers -- MFO is traced back to the Annex I to the Treaty of Peace captioned 'Protocol Concerning Israeli Withdrawal and Security Arrangements'. (History: Multinational Force and Observers) The geographical area demarcated under Annex I is split into four zones. The Zones A, B, and C. lie in the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt and Zone D. In Israel. C and D. Zones are coterminous with the International border. This Annex also involves the post-withdrawal levels of military personnel and equipment permitted in each Zone and in Article VI it is envisaged that both Parties would request the United Nations to entail a force and observers to coordinate…. [read more]


1973 Yom Kippur War Thesis

… Yom Kippur war can be said to have rooted in the death of Nasser in September 1970 which had taken the Middle East by surprise. Equally surprising was the war itself which had come as a complete shock to Israelic intelligence agencies who had succumbed to a general concept that although there "was a possibility that Egypt and Syria would start a war against us [they would] not start a war as long as counterweight to our military advantage" did not exist. Israel's military and political leaders "accepted the concept that the chance of war in October 1973 was low." Anwar Sadat who succeeded Nasser as Egyptian leader was at first not as strong a figure as his predecessor. But his strong personality emerged later…. [read more]


Post War Iraq: A Paradox Term Paper

… This event gave real evidence to the insignificant role played by the United Nations in the Korean War. 10

2. Self-defense (Falklands)

Self-defense is one of the most contentious spheres of the exercise of force, and many instances abound which possibly depict a predicament with finding what are the conventions, and what about enforcing them. Since it prohibits the exercise of force, the U.N deed certainly identifies two scenarios wherein the application of force is allowed. International Law has recognized years ago that each state possesses the prerogative to protect itself, if required through force. This prerogative of self-defense is established in the U.N. charter: Article 51 states that the charter in no manner damages the "inbuilt" privilege of self-protection during an organized assault. The…. [read more]


Israel Internal Security Case Study

… Israel Internal Security Case Study

Nature of the state

Israel is a young nation, developed following WWII, when Britain withdrew from Palestine and the United Nations partitioned a portion of it for the resettlement of displaced Jews following the war. Arab nations in the region and Palestine itself rejected the arrangement, but it was followed through with nonetheless. The arrangement developed into several costly wars in which the Israeli army was successful, with the aide of foreign backing but many deep rooted tensions have not been resolved since. The Israeli government also occupies additional lands, which were acquired through these costly wars, most notably the Gaza strip and a few other regions, though some have been returned to their nation of origin since.

On 25…. [read more]

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