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Jack Kevorkian Essay

… ¶ … life of Jack Kevorkian. Jack Kevorkian, dubbed "Dr. Death" by the press, is a famous Michigan physician who is a champion of Physician-Assisted Suicide (PAS). He claims to have personally assisted in the suicide deaths of 130 terminally ill patients, and he is an activist for legalizing euthanasia for terminally ill patients. At the age of 80, Kevorkian still speaks on the subject around the nation and works to promote the passage of euthanasia bills in states and Congress.

More Resistant to Change?

As Dr. Kevorkian's life clearly indicates, older adults are not more rigid and resistant to change. That is a myth that should be quickly dispelled. Kevorkian, born in 1928, is a champion of radical social change, something he has been…. [read more]


Euthanasia Is Illegal Essay

… Proponents of assisted death do not recognize the possibility of misdiagnosis

Anti-thesis

Proponents of legalization of assisted suicide believe that if assisted suicide aims at ending intolerable and unmanageable suffering, then doctors should render it to patients but upon request. They argue that patients hold the autonomy to decide what is good for them. For patients with incurable diseases which essentially makes the patient lack the meaning and purpose of existence, assisted death should be their best option as this will lessen they distress and emotional suffering of people close to her (Levene 205). For instance, Michael, the husband to Terrie felt that the only option to ease his emotional pain and that of his wife was to help her die through withdrawing the feeding…. [read more]


Policy Analysis on the Oregon Death With Dignity Act Term Paper

… Policy Analysis of Oregon's Death With Dignity Act

David Gil's writings have helped the public understand the true scope of the new Oregon Assisted Suicide law, and as a result, the percentage of Americans who say that doctors should be allowed to help with suicide when the patient and the patient's family request it has doubled to 70%.

The fact that Oregon's law was a citizen's initiative that passed and other facts concerning physician-assisted suicides that have surfaced recently signal a renaissance of activism on the part of citizens who wish to change existing law on that topic. Even with the new Oregon law, it is not easy to participate, as there are requirements that make it difficult to obtain permission.

David Gil's Policy Analysis…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide Legal History US Term Paper

… Physician-Assisted Suicide

For the most part, the current argument for physician-assisted suicide in the United States has much to do with whether or not, under special circumstances, is it morally and ethically permissible for a physician to provide the knowledge and/or means whereby a terminally ill patient can have his/her own life ended. In modern terms, this medical act, sometimes called PAS -- euthanasia, can be described as "deliberately bringing about the death of a person that is suffering from an incurable disease or condition through the administration of a lethal drug or by allowing the patient to die naturally by withholding treatment" (Glanze, 447).

The reasons for allowing such an act by a physician are often very controversial, but overall, physician-assisted suicide provides the…. [read more]


Advocating Euthanasia Term Paper

… ¶ … tests you went and got them done. When they wanted to try a new medication you said okay and subjected yourself to the study. When they said there was no more hope you went home, you cried with your family, you took long walks, reflected on your life and realized that they only thing left now was the suffering and the pain your family would go through watching you die. Wow. This is not how you imagined the end.

Somehow you always thought it would be painless and that your family would be financially cared for because of the hard work you put in during your life. Now you have been struck with a slow killing disease that you know is going to…. [read more]


Wesley J. Smith's Truth Term Paper

… ..do what your wife says." The author reached this overly simplistic conclusion primarily by virtue of the illogical connection between the failure of one specific type of marital therapy called "active listening," as reported in the Journal of Marriage and Family.

Active listening consists of teaching unhappily married partners to take turns listening to each other's complaints and then repeating or "mirroring" their partner's expressed concerns and viewpoints. The theory underlying active listening is that communication failure between partners is the precipitating factor underlying most marital disharmony and that improved communication skills based on understanding each other's complaints and male receptivity is the key to healthier relationships.

Theorists in the marital counseling field had predicted that married couples in therapy would be much more likely…. [read more]


Examining Identity and Assimilation Essay

… Euthanasia has had a long history. Greeks and Romans allowed the euthanizing of people under certain circumstances. Euthanasia is the practice of ending a person's life for the sole purpose of relieving the person's body from excruciating pain and suffering due to an incurable disease. The term euthanasia is often referred to as mercy killing or the 'good death' as derived from the Greeks. Euthanasia can be classified into four categories. In active euthanasia, a person's life is terminated by a doctor through a lethal dose of medication. Passive euthanasia implies non-provision of life-sustaining treatment to a patient based on logical reasoning or in other words doing nothing to save a person's life by abstaining to give life saving measures like putting a person on…. [read more]


Euthanasia, Including Whether to Legalize Term Paper

… A patient must discuss the living will with their physician, so they know it is in place.

Many people also argue that there are many mistakes in the medical field, and that a mistaken diagnosis could cause someone to take their life when it was not necessary. The author continues, "If physicians were often in error about prognosis and diagnosis, then legalizing a mercy-killing process based on such medical expertise was fraught with the potential for abuse" (Dowbiggin 60). This is true, and many opponents of euthanasia cite this as one of the reasons they do not support it. There is also the thought that if euthanasia is allowed, that it will spread to "mercy killings" of the mentally and physically handicapped, the insane, and…. [read more]


Euthanasia: Legal Considerations Euthanasia, Doctor-Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… Euthanasia: Legal Considerations

Euthanasia, doctor-assisted suicide, and mercy killing of any type is prohibited by law in the United States. In June of 2007, 79-year-old retired pathologist and patient rights activist Jack Kevorkian was released from federal prison, after serving eight years for his second-degree murder conviction (Martindale, 2007).

Prior assisting in the 1998 suicide of Tomas Youk, then in the final stages of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ("Lou Gehrig's Disease"), Kevorkian had always been very careful to avoid crossing the line between merely advising his patients and documenting their suicides and actually assisting them or implementing their requests by his own hand.

In 1998, Kevorkian deliberately and purposely crossed that line to force his own prosecution and thereby bring national attention to the need for…. [read more]


Ethics Euthanasia Term Paper

… Ethics and Euthanasia

The first step towards moving society to accept that which is abnormal is to inundate society with the abnormal as a norm, until society begins to accept it as a norm. We see this happening in various ways in American society today, but none with the vigor of the movement to legalize and make moral medical euthanasia. At present, the move to make euthanasia legal and medically ethical appears to be attempting to gain public support with compromise (Huxtable 2007). Advocates of medical euthanasia are inundating the public with "what if" scenarios that are aimed at gaining public sympathy and support for the "right to die (Jones 2007)." Once individual cases for the right to die win public attention and support, then…. [read more]


Ethics: Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… The cost of Health care can be reduced. Nurses and Doctors would have more time to save those who are going to live or those who wish to try to stay alive (Friend, 2011). Friends and Family have an opportunity to say their good byes. Also, their organs can be kept in order to help save others. Patients feel they have a selection, and may not be compelled to try other techniques to reduce their agony. The negatives comprise that numerous feel doctor assisted suicide goes against the physicians' Hippocratic Oath.

It also goes against a lot of religious beliefs. Research mentions that patients could give up on life to early. Doctors at times can abuse the procedure. Insurance companies and government could put unwarranted…. [read more]


Death With Dignity: A Right Term Paper

… It is the government that stands in the way. More than 35% of physicians have admitted that they would participate in voluntary euthanasia practices if afforded the opportunity if patients requested it (Bachman, 1996). In another study conducted by Lee (1996) more than 46% of physicians admitted they might be willing to assist a suicide if it were legal to do so. In yet another study of pharmacists 34.3% of pharmacists admitted they would dispense prescription drugs willingly for physicians assisted suicides (Rupp & Isenhower, 1994).

In a Gallup poll conducted in 1996 more than 75% of respondents indicated that doctors should be allowed by law to end a patient's life by painless means if a patient or family member had requested in the case…. [read more]


Death and Dying - Euthanasia the Ethical Thesis

… Death & Dying - Euthanasia

THE ETHICAL ISSUES of PHYSICIAN-ASSISTED SUICIDE

Since the inception of medicine, the most fundamental concept guiding physicians in the ethical practice of medicine has been the traditional principle of "do no harm" expressed in the Hippocratic Oath. However, in the modern era of medicine, that ancient maxim is inadequate because contemporary medical science and treatments often make it possible to prolong life beyond the point where a natural death would otherwise occur (Levine, 2008; Tong, 2007).

Much more often than not, the prolongation of human life through methods of medical intervention that were never conceived by Hypocrites provides a profound benefit. Less frequently, some of those same technologies prolong human life even where doing so is neither desired by, nor…. [read more]


Right to Die Term Paper

… Euthanasia - the Right to Die

Although there are laws in the United States that ban euthanasia, from a logical viewpoint, this type of PAS (physician-assisted suicide) should be legal, due to the fact that it is morally and ethically allowable for a doctor to provide the assistance to a terminally-ill patient to end his/her own life. In essence, this is the right to die, meaning that the patient has the right to determine when and how his/her life should be terminated when that patient is dying from an incurable or debilitating illness. Unfortunately, some people view euthanasia as the abortion debate of the 21st century, a stance that is unreasonable and illogical simply because the typical dying patient, unlike an unborn fetus, has the…. [read more]


Physician-Assisted Suicide. Physician-Assisted Suicide Is an Emotional Term Paper

… ¶ … physician-assisted suicide. Physician-assisted suicide is an emotional issue that is flooding the news with the current Terri Schiavo situation in Florida. When is physician-assisted suicide warranted, and who makes the terribly difficult decision to "pull the plug?" Physician-assisted suicide is controversial, but it can be the most humane option for many terminally ill patients who have no hope of recovery. Physician-assisted suicide should be an option for ill Americans. It is their life, and they should be able to choose when to live, and when the pain and illness are too much to bear. As Americans, it seems we are more humane with our family pets, than we are with our relatives and loved ones. We know when an animal suffers the most…. [read more]


Legal Implications of Assisted Suicide Book Report

… Legal Implications of Assisted Suicide

The way people think about assisted suicide or euthanasia is often determined by their religious beliefs about life and death. However issues regarding the right to die ultimately boil down to matters of the law. The idea of legislators making it legal for doctors to help their terminally ill patients die seems ludicrous to some people, while refusing to pass such a law seems just as ludicrous to others. I believe that it should be legal for doctors to help their terminally ill patients end their lives as long as the patient is completely coherent and able to make rational decisions.

The debate about euthanasia in the United States has centered on the case of Dr. Jack Kevorkian, also known…. [read more]


Autonomy and Medical Practice Essay

… Autonomy and Medical Practice

What is the principle of autonomy and what role does in play in physician-assisted suicide, treatment refusal, and truth telling. Is the decision to receive help dying (prior to the body giving out) an absolute moral consideration -- and what makes the decision a good one? There are many more questions, all of them pertinent, surrounding the assisted suicide issue, and some will be presented and critiqued through the literature available on the topic.

Phillip M. Kleespies has written a book called Life and Death Decisions: Psychological and Ethical Considerations in End-of-Life Care; in his review of the book Dr. Jack Schoenholtz insists that at this time in American history "…we leave the end-of-life decision to personal autonomy" (Schoenholtz, 2004, p.…. [read more]


Cheating the Concept of Cheating Relates Journal

… ¶ … Cheating

The concept of cheating relates to virtually any situation where an individual or entity (i.e. A business or professional enterprise) deliberately violates established rules or limitations meant to apply to behavior. The issue can arise in the context of family relations, matters of professional careers, or within interpersonal relationships. Generally, cheating is purposeful conduct that is intended to achieve or acquire anything that is more difficult (or impossible) to achieve or acquire without violating the established rules or the fair expectations of others.

Within the context of family relations, cheating can arise in connection with children disobeying family rules or failing to carry out obligations to which they agreed or that others have the right to expect. Cheating can also arise within…. [read more]


Physician-Assisted Suicide and Ethical Issues the Medical Essay

… Physician-Assisted Suicide and Ethical Issues

The medical profession has been governed by the Hippocratic Oath since antiquity, according to which physicians must "do no harm" to their patients. However, toward end of the 20th century, medical science had progressed to the point that the definition of doing harm became much more complex than easily resolved by the types of distinctions and analyses sufficed previously. As medical interventions enabled the treatment of most human disease, that raised bioethical issues such as distinguishing extending life and prolonging suffering (Sharma, 2004). In many respects, it is no longer ethically appropriate to criminalize physician-assisted suicide or to otherwise impose restrictions on decisions that should remain strictly personal, although appropriate ethical and legal guidelines for avoiding mistakes and abuse are…. [read more]


Policy on the Oregon Death With Dignity Act Term Paper

… ¶ … death with dignity is a contentious issue with opposition in courts and in the public. The California Compassionate Choices Act would allow those diagnosed with a terminal illness to choose to end their life with dignity, including choosing physician-assisted suicide. The bill recently failed, but it will certainly return to the ballot in a different form. However, similar measures in many other states have failed, including Michigan, and the only state to currently allow death with dignity is Oregon. Congress has passed laws allowing patients to choose to refuse certain medical care.

End of life issues are complicated. Indeed modern medical practices have improved care and further complicate the issues of when and where a person ends their life. Many prominent medical cases…. [read more]


Voluntary Euthanasia the Right to Die Term Paper

… Euthanasia: Pros and Cons

Euthanasia is the most debated topic in medical circles carrying very sensitive ethical and moral implications to it. While by no means can the right to put an end to life be considered a rightful decision sometimes the plight of the patient justifies this merciful intervention. A careful study of the pros and cons of the issue is necessary to help us get a better perspective.

Euthanasia is a Greek word which means painless death. Euthanasia is the medical term for ending the suffering of the patients who are terminally ill with unbearable pain. It has been the most debated topic in medical domains stirring conflicting views about the acceptability of the procedure. 'Fear factor' is at the root of both…. [read more]


Right to Die Term Paper

… According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, "bills on assisted suicide were introduced in twenty-six states in 1997 and 1998...all defeated, usually dying in committee." During this same period, Virginia, Michigan and South Carolina passed new bans on assisted suicide, after Iowa and Rhode Island enacted bans in 1996, and Kansas and South Dakota recently "clarified their existing criminal statutes and added civil penalties for assisting a suicide." In 1999, thirty-eight states had specific statutes against assisted suicide, although "Oregon created an exception for terminally ill patients who fulfill certain guidelines," while eight forbid the practice by common law or interpretation of the state homicide statute, and four, Nevada, Hawaii, Utah and Wyoming have no clear law on the matter.

Those against the right…. [read more]


Right to Die Term Paper

… "In Quinlan, the court wrote, "The only practical way to prevent destruction of the right is to permit the guardian and family of Quinlan to render their best judgment." They concluded that, "Quinlan's right of privacy may be asserted on her behalf by her guardian." [6] In Bludworth, the Florida Supreme Court stated that,"The primary concern of these cases is that this valuable right should not be lost because the noncognitive and vegetative condition of the patient prevents a conscious exercise of the choice to refuse further extraordinary treatment." In order to "ensure this right,"the court held that" the right of a patient, who is in an irreversibly comatose and essentially vegetative state to refuse extraordinary life-sustaining measures, may be exercised either by his or…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide When We Think Term Paper

… Death with dignity is known in the medical and academic literature as physician-assisted suicide. Under the Oregon law a 'mentally competent state resident with a terminal diagnosis and a prognosis of less than six months to live, may request a life-ending prescription from their physician, however, this prescription must be self-administered' (Death 2002).

According to Lisa Vincler from the University of Washington, there are significant distinctions between law and medical ethics in philosophy, function and power.

A court ruling is a binding decision that determines the outcome of a particular controversy.

A statute or administrative code sets a general standard of conduct, which must be adhered to or civil/criminal consequences may follow a breach of the standard. Conversely, an ethics pronouncement which is not adopted…. [read more]


concise Analysis of Terry Schiavo Case Chapter

… There was renewed debate with regard to the gains in keeping someone alive at all costs.

Earlier on, before Schiavo sprung to the limelight, A Michigan doctor named Jack Kevorkian was the most known person associated with aided death. He had aided dozens of suicides and was found guilty of second degree murder. While Kevorkian's case highlighted the dark side of individuals' choices to end their own life, the Schiavo case showed how failing to make such choices would push the fate of such individuals to feuding family members, legislators and judges (Sunburn, 2015). Brittany Maynard has rekindled the controversy in end-of-life choices. The newly married lady was found to suffer from terminal brain cancer. She has moved to Oregon from California to exploit the…. [read more]


Pros and Cons of Euthanasia Research Paper

… 34). Likewise, critics of euthanasia argue that prohibitions on the intentional killing of others represent a basic precept of legal and human relationships that place a high value on human's basic equality (Somerville, 2003).

6.

Conclusion:

Do people have a fundamental right to die when they want? Advocates of euthanasia maintain that people do in fact possess this right under certain circumstances and that some people, such as those suffering terminal illnesses, will be better off dead than alive. Critics of legalizing euthanasia argue that the practice is morally wrong and the fact that the practice requires at least two people, one of them a physician, means that legalizing it would be harmful to the medical profession as well as society at large. In the…. [read more]


Bioethics -- Assisted Suicide Three-Step Essay

… That modern capability means that contemporary biomedical ethicists must adapt notions of concepts such as harm much more broadly than Hippocrates could have.

More specifically, if a patient is suffering from great pain that cannot be alleviated by medical treatment, particularly where that pain is caused by an incurable terminal illness, there is a very strong argument that preventing a patient from ending his or her life to escape suffering amounts to more of a "harm" than helping that patient end his or her suffering. The same argument applies where a patient seeks only to avoid dying in a much more painful way when the medical prognosis predicts that with great certainty (Levine, 2008). On balance, the objective comparison of the respective concerns suggests that…. [read more]


Euthanasia Is a Moral, Ethical Thesis

… The Hemlock Society offered patients that were suffering with incurable diseases instructions on how to "use medications to end life" (Behuniak, 19). Other groups came and went, but the organization that did the most to challenge state laws against doctor-assisted suicide was originally called "Compassion in Dying" and later that name was changed to "End of Life Choices" (Behuniak, 19).

After several groups coalesced around the title, "Compassion & Choices" the language evolved from "right to die" to "death with dignity"; the advocacy efforts of this group clearly were successful as Oregon's legislature passed the "Death with Dignity Act" in 1997. Washington State passed a "Death with Dignity" act in 2008, as did the state of Montana in the same year. In this article Behuniak…. [read more]


Euthanasia Is Wrong Term Paper

… Ethics Argument Against Euthanasia

Euthanasia refers to several different the types of act of purposely terminating the life of another. It includes involuntary forced killing, such as that practiced by the Nazis, aggressive voluntary physician-assisted suicide, non-aggressive withdrawal of medical support, and "mercy killing" or assistance in the suicide of a loved one suffering from incurable disease (Garner 2001).

All forms of involuntary euthanasia are wrong, because the killing of another is, by definition, murder. Judeo-Christian religious beliefs prohibit both suicide and, therefore, assisted suicide, as do the laws of the United States. In principle, the only possible exceptions are those where a person of sound mind refuses medical treatment under the "penumbra" of implied privacy rights under the U.S. Constitution (Dershowitz

2002). In those…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide California Term Paper

… ¶ … Assisted Suicide

California once again has written a bill to legalize assisted suicides. The last two died, but the legislators keep on trying. The proposed law is modeled after the one that passed in Oregon, which in 2006 resulted in 46 residents, most of them suffering from cancer, killing themselves after their physician gave them a prescription for a lethal amount of drugs. Should such a law become national? Should everyone in the country be allowed to have assisted suicides? Given the Supreme Court's recent ruling and some of the studies that have been conducted, I believe that this is a right people should have, but it is necessary for the patient to talk with more than one doctor when making the decision.…. [read more]

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