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Jazz Gillespie Live in '58: Analyzing Term Paper

… Jazz

Gillespie Live in '58: Analyzing and Appreciating a Historic Jazz Concert

The live performance given in Belgium in 1958 by Dizzy Gillespie and some notable band mates is both historically important, helping to solidify the spread of modern jazz to Europe, and aesthetically pleasing today. Despite being a half-century old, the sounds that this group produces still sound fresh, causing almost any listener to start toe-tapping and finger-snapping. Joining Gillespie on his ubiquitous trumpet are Sonny Stitt on saxophones (tenor and alto), Lou Levy at the piano, Ray Brown on bass and Gus Johnson on the drums, and this quintet puts modern jazz through its paces with a variety of songs and sounds. The varying roles that each player and instrument has in each…. [read more]

Jazz "Blues After Dark," Feat Term Paper

… The saxophone is occasionally staccato, but mainly smooth, dancing around the bass notes. Brushes can be heard in the background, with the occasional cymbal. The saxophone solo is long, and nuanced, moving through various registers. Occasionally, Stitt packs in several notes into a bar, and sometimes fewer.

There is also a trumpet solo in "Sunny Side of the Street" that starts delicately with thin high notes. The bass responds with thin, high notes. This solo does not necessarily have a lot of structure. It allows the basic structure of the song to remain…while laying on top a curiously thin upper register melody, before Gillespie changes the height of the mike. Even then, the muted trumpet works and then suddenly, unexpectedly, the vocals kick in "sunny…. [read more]

Jazz "Blues After Dark," Dizzy Essay

… The piano does not really play a major role here but it is still a team effort.

Performance: "Loverman," Dizzy Gillespie (trumpet), Sonny Stitt (tenor saxophone), Belgium 1958

The style is not bebop, but ballad

The role of the piano is delicate

The role of the bass is regular bass line

The role of the drums is brushing

The role of the saxophone is to play lead and melody

Piano adds accent and punctuation, when necessary. Suddenly the saxophone speaks more, packing sixteenth notes into each bar. The overall feeling is soft and mellow, even as the melody becomes more urgent and complex. At about two minutes, the backing band ceases to play. It is Stitt, on his own. He is speaking directly to the…. [read more]

Jazz Performance: "Blues After Dark Term Paper

… Suddenly, the trumpet and the saxophone begin to diverge. Whereas they were once playing the same melody in unison, they start to "talk" to one another. Dizzie Gillespie actually walks a few steps away to symbolize the changing relationship between the two lead instruments at this moment in the song. This relationship is solidified at the end of the song with the interesting vocals.

Style = BeBop

Role of Piano = Stride and Comping

Role of the Bass = Walking

Role of the Drums = Brushing and Riding

Role of the Trumpet and Saxophone = Lead and Melody

Performance: "Loverman," Dizzie Gillespie (trumpet), Sonny Stitt (tenor saxophone), Lou Levy (piano), Ray Brown (bass), Gus Johnson (drums). In Belgium 1958

"Loverman" begins with Sonny Stitt, and…. [read more]

Jazz Is a Complex and Challenging Essay

… Jazz is a complex and challenging for of music. The genre is also one of the most diverse, making it important to distinguish between different types of jazz. Compared with rock, jazz involves a vast array of song structures and sonic elements. Rock relies heavily on steady beats, usually in 4/4 tempo. Jazz, on the other hand, uses unconventional time signatures as well as more straightforward ones. Both jazz and rock share similar roots in African-American folk music, and both genres have influenced one another.

Jazz began in conjunction with the blues, as a purely African-American art form that became embraced increasingly by mainstream audiences and listeners. As the commercial music industry developed in the United States, certain types of jazz and jazz performers became…. [read more]

Jazz Blues Jazz Essay

… Jazz Blues

Jazz and blues are as much cultural phenomena as musical ones. Even when they are conceived as clearly defined genres, jazz and blues reflect the complexity of American history, African-American history in particular. Jazz and blues are ever-evolving styles, adapting to new instrumentation and innovations in composition. Likewise, the cultures surrounding jazz and blues have also changed since the styles took root in the early 20th century. Jazz and blues are both quintessentially American, but their infectious sounds now permeate music around the world.

Blues traces its roots farther back than jazz, and it may be said that jazz evolved from the blues. The blues most likely "originated on Southern plantations in the 19th Century," when slaves and sharecroppers "sang as they toiled…. [read more]

Jazz Styles Analysis "Blues After Dark" Dizzie Essay

… Jazz Styles Analysis

"Blues after Dark"

Dizzie Gillespie's "Blues after Dark" is a striking example of the concert takes place in Belgium in 1958. It was set in a dark venue, where the true highlight is on the musicians, with no distractions in terms of other stimulus present on stage. This is obviously a later performance from Dizzie Gillespie, as it is much different than the more up beat and complicated melodies found in some of his earlier Bebop classics. Instead, this song represents a much Cooler sound.

The whole darkness of the set ads to the strikingly slow and mysterious beat. There seems to be a great sense of intimacy, as solos tend to blend seamlessly into one another. Each of the artists decisions…. [read more]

Jazz Pedagogy Term Paper

… Jazz Pedagogy

When it comes to pedagogy, "the art of teaching" (Mish 912), there are many different interrelationships among different theories of knowledge, theories of learning, conceptions of curriculum and approaches of broad inquiry for the purposes of schooling. Every teacher is faced with a challenge to effectively convey his or her message of knowledge and inspire today's youth. It takes a certain amount of passion and consistency to pursue such a career. It takes a certain amount of leadership and guts to effectively captivate the student with subject matter, unless of course the subject is jazz. Jazz has the ability to open the soul, inspire a range of possibility in its creation and remains a rebel among music genres as it continues to bend…. [read more]

Jazz Ensemble Thesis

… Jazz

The works of Michael Mossman, Rachel Eckroth, Charlie Parker, Earl MacDonald, and Bob Berg reveal how varied and nuanced the jazz genre can be. Michael Mossman's "Partido Blue" opens with a few bars of drums before the whole ensemble comes in together: first a delightful panoply of horns playing overlapping melodies. The feel is syncopated, enhanced by the subtle bass line in the background. A tuba adds depth to the bass, which remains in a perfect pocket throughout the piece. "Partido Blue" is an uplifting piece with a strong percussive feel to the horn parts. The multiple horn sections are richly layered, which adds depth and texture to the music. Accompanied by woodwinds, the horn section works at several different registers throughout the song.…. [read more]

Jazz and the Civil Rights Thesis

… Jazz and the Civil Rights Movement

An Exploration of Situation and Style

From Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin and Toni Morrison's Beloved to the African-American painter Charles H. Alston's portraits, art forms have traditionally made the emotions of the American civil rights movement more tangible. Throughout history, though, no art form has been more associated with the plight of the African-American than music. In fact, the Negro spiritual first marked the issue during the pre-Civil War era. Even after the Civil War, these spirituals became songs of the civil rights movement, beats that civil rights warriors would sing as they marched for their freedom.

Because of music's monumental contribution to the civil rights movement, it is not hard to imagine that something of a…. [read more]

Jazz No Other Art Form Has Managed Term Paper

… Jazz
No other art form has managed to capture the essence of the African
American experience in the 20th century like jazz. Its relevance continues
to endure well in to the 21st century, during a period when music continues
to expand and challenge listeners' perceptions. This essay will take a
look at the history of jazz, from its humble origins, through its
development in to several different sub genres throughout the course of the
20th century, and up to its present day incarnations. In doing so, I
intend to show how much popular music today is indebted to jazz's enduring
influence over the years.
The origins of jazz stretch back to the 19th century. It was during
this time that a number of black musicians…. [read more]

Jazz Concert: Ellis Marsalis for a Little Essay

… Jazz Concert: Ellis Marsalis

For a little over two hours on the evening of November 20, I relaxed and let myself go into the free flow of jazz emanating from the piano of Ellis Marsalis and his quartet. Marsalis is -- or ought to be -- one of the leading figures of jazz; according to the program notes he has trained many of today's most renowned jazz musicians, including fellow pianist Harry Connick, Jr. On this particular evening, the other three members of his quartet were Derek Douget on saxophone, Jason Stewart on bass, and Jason Marsales on drums.

What has always struck me as especially impressive about jazz is the way the musicians listen to each other and play off of the sound that…. [read more]

Origins of Blues Music Essay

… "American black music is self-evidently deeply political in the important sense of having clear and perceived connections with the oppressed position of black people in American society. This is particularly true of the blues…" (Oakley, The Devil's Music, 7) The Blues is also an expression of the connection to the African culture from which enslaved Africans were denied from practicing in the U.S. The blues is also an expression of the connection to Christianity that enslaved Africans made, partly as a coping mechanism to for being slaves. This are some of the main sources, but this is not to say that there are not other influences, such as individual personality, local culture and specific geography. (Oakley, 1997)

Down home or country blues is usually acoustic.…. [read more]

Blues and Ragtime: Paving Essay

… The rise and success of his band coincided with the emergence of Storyville, the black pleasure district (Buddy Bolden). At the height of their popularity, the group performed regularly in New Orleans' dance halls and parks, as well as in the city's surrounding towns. By 1907, Bolden's health had declined to the point where he had to be institutionalized; Bolden would remain institutionalized until his death in 1931 (Charles "Buddy" Bolden).

Jelly Roll Morton is considered to be an important transitional figure between ragtime music and jazz. He is also considered to be the first great composer and piano player of the jazz era (Jelly Roll Morton). As a teenager in the early 1900's, Morton played the piano in many of Storyville's whorehouses. His illustrious…. [read more]

Listening "Blues After Dark." Belgium Term Paper

… Role(s) of bass: The bass serves to provide a deep baseline, keeping the overall sound downbeat and somber.

Role(s) of drums (including sticks or brushes or mallets): Use of brushes at beginning creates a very light sound as the sax plays.

Role(s) of horn players: The alto saxophone is the primary instrument in this piece. Much of the time, the other players are not even touching their instruments in fact.

In Greater Detail:

For your selected solo within this song:

Identify the Solo: Saxophone played by Sonny Stitt

How did the solo progress from beginning to end?

The solo begins the song with a downbeat, torch song sound to it, picking up tempo to the point where it is a series of runs before the…. [read more]

Miles Davis and Modern Jazz Research Paper

… [...] Miles' performance tradition emphasized orality and the transmission of information and artistic insight from individual to individual. His position in that tradition, and his personality, talents, and artistic interests, impelled him to pursue a uniquely individual solution to the problems and the experiential possibilities of improvised performance (Nettl & Russel, 1998).

Musical References

"Miles Davis and Quincy Jones -- Live in Montroeux."

"Miles Davis -- Kind of Blue."

"Miles Davis -- Out of the Blue."

"Miles Davis -- Milestones."


Remembering Miles. (1991, November 12). Retrieved March 2013, from The Rolling Stone Archieves: http:/

Miles Davis. (2006, June). Retrieved March 2013, from Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Indusction:

House Resolution 894 Honoring the 50th Anniversary of "Kind of…. [read more]

Sonny's Blues Essay

… ¶ … Sonny's Blues:" Sonny's blues and Sonny's joy -- self-knowledge, jazz and the African-American experience in James Baldwin's "Sonny's Blues"

James Baldwin's short story "Sonny's Blues" evolves as a comparison between the characters of the narrator (a math teacher) and his brother Sonny (a former heroin addict and jazz musician). While on the surface it may seem as if the narrator is by far the more responsible of the two, the narrative reveals that he is just as incomplete as his brother. His brother has detached himself from conventional society in pursuit of jazz music. However, the narrator is not even capable of understanding blues music, which Baldwin suggests is an essential component of modern black identity. Through their reconciliation, both brothers are healed.…. [read more]

Blues" Is a Commonly Understood Term Term Paper

… ¶ … blues" is a commonly understood term used to describe a content and style of urban music which became popular in the 1930's. This paper will cover the following areas: the origins of "Blues" and the expansion and meaning of the Blues for contemporary music.

The central intention of the paper is provide insight into not only the history of Blues, but also its significance for modern music.

The "blues" is a term that we have become accustomed to associating with a particular style and form of modern music. Yet, the term has become somewhat vague in its usage and is also linked to modern jazz styles as well as many "crossover" forms of music such as blues and hip-hop and blues and rock.…. [read more]

Blues Leadbelly Told Alan Lomax Essay

… This is not to say necessarily that the lyrics focus on this, but the sense got out from the songs is related to this. For example, in "Ain't Nobody's Business," the sense is that the person is reluctant to any outside opinion and somehow disappointed in his condition ("There ain't nothing I can do, or nothing I can say, Some folks will criticize me. So I'm gonna do just what I want to anyway, And don't care if you all despise me.") This can be interpreted as a revolt against the society he lives in. Similarly, in "Nobody Knows You When-You're Down And Out," the disappointment is with the closer society and the intimate relations. For instance, "Well, once I lived the life of a…. [read more]

Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison Term Paper

… ¶ … Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison. Specifically it will discuss the inside meaning of the novel. "The Bluest Eye" is a story about Pecola Breedlove, a young black girl who is unhappy with her life and the way she looks. Throughout the book, Pecola strongly believes that if she can only have blue eyes, she will become beautiful and all her problems will go away. Pecola does not understand that she has to love herself the way she is to be loved by others. She also does not understand that it is hatred and prejudice that turn many people away from her, rather than her looks. Pecola needs to learn these lessons to be happy and content with her life, but she never does,…. [read more]

Development of Jazz and Blues Term Paper

… ¶ … jazz and the blues. The roots of jazz and blues, which have become synonymous with American music, lie in New Orleans, and spread out across America and the world from the traditional African-American slave music that traveled here from Africa in the 18th and 19th centuries. Historians point to the "Congo Square" area of New Orleans as a place where slaves gathered and created music in the early 19th century, and that this was really the birth of jazz and the blues in America (Gioia). Another writer notes, "Whatever the real influence of African music on jazz and blues, however, it is certainly true that neither genre would exist if black slaves had not been forced across the Atlantic to America" (Knight 14).…. [read more]

Pioneering Jazz Musician, Sidney Bechet Term Paper

… In 1945, he moved to Brooklyn and started teaching music to supplement his unstable musician wages. He taught a young man named Bob Wilber the rudiments of both the clarinet and soprano saxophone. After high school, Wilber moved into Bechet's house so that he could have more in-depth lessons. Today, Wilber is a leading exponent of the soprano sax and clarinet, and with his own group, the Bechet Legacy, he plays in the Bechet tradition.

Bechet returned to France in 1952 and was warmly received there. While in France he recorded several hit records, which provided fierce competition with the sales of pop records. Bechet was considered one of the great soloists of early Jazz and France provided inspiration for many of his songs, including…. [read more]

Jazz in Context to the Harlem Renaissance Essay

… Harlem Jazz

Genesis of Jazz: The Great Migration and the Harlem Renaissance

Music, as with all art and other cultural elements -- indeed, just like culture itself -- is in a constant state of evolution. New artists bring subtle individual variations that are built upon by contemporary and subsequent artists, and so genres evolve and blossom into new genres, styles, and sounds. At times, however, new types of music emerge on a more concentrated timescale due to more substantive and rapid changes in culture. Both types of musical evolution can be greatly impacted by the movement of populations of people, which generally creates a separation from one set of cultural influences and the meeting of new cultures and influences. Irish immigrants to the United States…. [read more]

Impact of Jazz During the Civil Rights Movement Research Paper

… ¶ … Jazz during the Civil Rights Movement

In America, music has a tremendous influence on culture. Part of the reason for this, is because it has the ability to transcend racial and political lines. As the artists, the songs and the ideals that they represent will transform, the way people interact with each other as well as various social institutions. At which point, a seismic shift will occur, in how racial relations and political events are being perceived. A good example of this can be seen with Jazz and the Civil Rights Movement, as the music would transform politics (creating a shift in society). What happened was the period after the end of the Civil War saw the implementation of the legal system known…. [read more]

Sonny's Outline James Baldwin Research Paper

… Later, Sonny left Harlem in order to escape from the heroin use, but was unable to run from his dark feelings. He says, "The reason I wanted to leave Harlem so bad was to get away from the drugs. And then, when I ran away, that's what I was running from" (101). Upon his release from jail he is finally able to come to terms with his emotional problems. He tries to explain to his older brother who functions as the story's narrator but his words do not accurately convey the struggle Sonny has had to deal with. Finally the narrator is able to see "that music, which was life or death for him" would be the only thing to keep Sonny away from harm…. [read more]

Beauty of Jazz in the Time of Louis Armstrong Term Paper

… Louis Armstrong: Jazz Great

Jazz music exists as music inspired by a set of emotions is significant to music because it captures a cultural emotion and mindset like none other. Born from rugged blues music, jazz is a type of music that is very personal. It represents freedom from the past and it also represents freedom of the individual at a time when individuality was not popular. Jazz is les then a century old but that does not mean that it has no soul; in fact, it may have more soul than most other forms of music because it captures a mood of an entire generation that encourages freedom. Jazz encompasses a wide variety of sounds and beats, including religious pieces, ragtime, rock, pop, celebratory…. [read more]

Technological History of Jazz in Film Thesis

… Technological History Of Jazz in Film

Jazz has a long and colorful history within American popular culture. It is truly an original American tradition, and has mesmerized music lovers for generations now. Part of its rise in popularity was its use in early film history as the medium began adopting elements that allowed for the recording of sound to go along with motion pictures. The first successful talkie film, The Jazz Singer, was about a want to be Jazz musician. From these early starts came popular short films featuring popular artists as well as spots in major Hollywood films thanks to technological developments that allowed for an entire orchestra to be recorded and incorporated onto the silver screen.

There is a long history of the…. [read more]

Sonny's Blues While the Tale Term Paper

… Baldwin is saying that the black man -- and all men -- can only be redeemed by facing their own pain, in the faces and voices of their kin, their kind.

So what are the blues of Sonny's story really about? "They were not about anything very new. He and his boys were up there keeping it new, at the risk of ruin, destruction, madness and death, in order to find new ways to make us listen." Sometimes what they listen to is difficult: "The dry, low, black man said something awful on the drums." Sometimes it's sweet: "Creole listened, commenting now and then...beautiful, calm and old."

When the narrator really listens to Sonny play, they are both redeemed -- as is the storyteller and…. [read more]

Concert Review: "Jazz Legends: Arturo Essay

… Here, Sandoval's career flourished" (Gullard 2012). Without prior knowledge of this history, however, the viewer would not be cognizant of the tune's special meaning for Sandoval. There is little interaction with the audience in terms of wordplay, and the music is allowed to speak for itself. Except for Sandoval's bright shirt, the other musicians are not particularly dressed up for the concert.

However, even if a listener were unaware of the name of the song or Sandoval's personal relationship with Gillespie, he or she would be able to perceive some 'ghosts' of Dizzy's music. It is during this piece that Sandoval is at his most showy during the performance. He plays notes in rapid succession, some impossibly high, others impossibly low, and leads the band…. [read more]

Pop Culture Term Paper

… Jazz and Popular Culture

Within every genre of music, there are innovators who continue to push the edge of that genre. Classical music had innovations in every generation, from Bach, Haydn and Beethoven to Stravinsky, Bernstein, and Shostakovich. Jazz, too, has evolved from a synergism of many different folk and tribal styles to a more formal definition of a true, 20th century phenomenon. One of the most interesting aspects of jazz, though, surrounded the manner in which the different styles and subgenres mimicked popular culture and exemplified the way African-American music and social change remained melded.

Jazz emerged out of the African slave culture from a synergy between various tribal aspects (rhythm, scales, improvisation, syncopation) and European musical tradition (harmony, chromaticism, instrumentation, even hymns). One…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.