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Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquent Essay

… Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile delinquent is a person who is below the age of 18, and has committed a crime. The crime committed would have resulted in a criminal offense, but since the person is not of legal age they are accused of delinquency Boehnke & Bergs-Winkels, 2002.

Cases of juvenile delinquency are normally heard in the juvenile court, and they are mostly civil cases. This means the child is not formally charged, but they are accused of a delinquent act. A child is tried in a juvenile court if they are 7 years and above. Children below the age of 7 do not have the capability to differentiate right from wrong. Children aged between 7 and 14 are capable of forming a guilty mind, but…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Baldry, A.C. ) Annotated Bibliography

… Juvenile Delinquency

Baldry, A.C. (2014). Bullying and juvenile delinquency. Organized Crime, Corruption, and Crime Prevention. 2014: 3-12.

Although this study focuses on a Southern Italian cohort, the results may be generalized and applied to any other population because it involves the relationship between bullying and juvenile delinquency. The author is a professor at the Second University of Naples. Findings in this research include the risk factors related to bullying. In particular, being a perpetrator of bullying in school is a "precursor of future violence," (Baldry, 2014, p. 3). The author frames bullying as a community problem, which is an important structural and systems approach to juvenile delinquency. I can apply the structural and systems approach to my research, focusing on gender issues.

Beerthuizen, M.G.C.J. (2012).…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency When a Juvenile Is Arrested Term Paper

… Juvenile Delinquency

When a juvenile is arrested they are charged in a totally different system from adults. These systems are known as juvenile system while adults are charged in adult justice systems. There are different factors that come into play when these juveniles are arrested, tried, convicted, sentenced and rehabilitated. These two groups were separated since they differ in their psychological as well as physical needs. A comparison can be made between juvenile and adult justice systems.

The two systems are similar in many ways such as; the policies and procedures of arrests are the same for both juvenile and adult systems. Processing though the terminology may be different the purpose of processing delinquents and criminal suspects is primarily the same. All systems have the…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Term Paper

… Evaluation involves accessing the parent's medical records, police, and court orders, including other psychological reports, and the neighborhood. Evaluation of a neighborhood is necessary because it molds a child. Every assessment scrutinized to determine whether the parent is in any way responsible for the delinquent behaviors in their children. Evaluation of the parent together with the child is necessary, and the court sends an evaluator. It involves an observation between the interactions of the two to ascertain the relationship that exists between them. Evaluation of the child helps to establish whether the two go along well. Parental relationship is important in solving delinquency problems (Beverly, 2011). If a bad relationship between the two, possibilities are delinquency started from that point. The evaluator is allowed to…. [read more]


Juvenile Justice Juvenile Delinquency Essay

… Another significant procedural difference is that the juveniles do not have the options of bail. However, in order to be able to get out of custody before the full time, the minor has to prove that there has been a change of behavior and that he is not a danger to the community anymore, nor is he a flight risk.

The other difference in the proceedings between the adult and juvenile court system is that juvenile courtroom is usually closed to the media and the general public during the adjudication unlike the adult court proceedings where the general public is allowed in and even the media is allowed into the proceedings (Katya Komisaruk, 2007).

There are some crimes that are considered status offence in many…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Strategies Term Paper

… Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Strategies

There has recently been much focus on strategies meant to prevent juvenile delinquents from continuing their life of crime. While some have had limited results, others actually proved to be especially effective and have emphasized the fact that it is wrong for juvenile delinquents to be incarcerated in some situations. "For more than a century, efforts to prevent delinquency have been guided more by the prevailing theories about the causes of delin- quent behavior than by whether the efforts achieved the desired effects" (Greenwood 187). Preventing juvenile delinquency practically means that numerous young lives are saved from being wasted and that individuals are educated with regard to socially acceptable attitudes that they need to employ in order to be able to…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency What Is Delinquency? In Legal Term Paper

… Juvenile Delinquency

What is delinquency?

In legal terminology juvenile delinquency refers to "...behavior of children and adolescents that in adults would be judged criminal under law. "("Juvenile Delinquency," 2004)

However, the definition of what constitutes a juvenile vary in the United States, "...the maximum age being set at 14 years in some states and as high as 21 years in others. " ("Juvenile Delinquency," 2004) Crimes committed by juveniles range from theft, which is the most common, to more serious offences such as rape and murder.

In general there has been an increase in the rate of juvenile crime in recent years which is a cause of concern among various authorities and social workers. For example, the figures for 1994 indicated that 18.6% of all…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency: ADHD and Antisocial Behavior Essay

… The key elements in this case are deteriorated neighborhoods, which not only facilitate the creation of criminal schemes, but also provide the numbers needed for the execution of the same; and over-stimulating movies and TV shows.

Theoretical Framework: The Coercion Theory

Notwithstanding the inherent significance of all the three factor categories above, familial factors tend to have the strongest influence. A competent mother would easily insulate their child against negative external influences, even in deteriorated neighborhoods and under unfavorable school conditions (Foley, et al., 1996, p. 338). The effect of the three factors can, towards this end, be summarized using the Coercion Theory, which postulates that "child aversive behavior is maintained by parental responses which provide both positive and negative reinforcement" (OReilly, 2005, p. 58).…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquents in Two Areas Thesis

… Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile Delinquents in Two Areas

In the United States, people often conclude that "our children are our future." Although this popular adage is used in congruence with everything from environmental and political issues to social causes, it rings true exceptionally strongly when it comes to juvenile delinquency. Indeed, while the particular adage may not be popular in South Korea, both U.S. And South Korean societies must deal with the problem of juvenile delinquency in order to ensure that society is productive for generations to come. Social learning theory, one theoretical concept that can be applied to sociology and criminology, suggests that people who are exposed to certain behaviors learn those behaviors and, in turn, pass them on to others. According to social learning…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency the Causes Effects and Prevention Term Paper

… Juvenile Delinquency Recent Statistics

Legal Issues

Causes for Juvenile Crimes

Poverty

Family Structure

School Dropout and Delinquency

Reducing Juvenile Crimes: Interventions

School Readiness Childcare programs

Early Identification and Intervention

Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile delinquency is a concerning national social issue. Pro-active intervention is the key to preventing children from developing criminal behavior. Though these programs involve considerable running costs, the results are more than worth the expenditure. Investing in the future of our kids is invaluable and could not be put off by economic constraints, as the consequences are both undesirable and unbearable.

Juvenile delinquency is a huge problem worldwide and the U.S. In particular. As per 2002 census, the American juvenile population stood at 25% of the national population and is slated to grow steadily…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Is a Socially Constructed Concept Term Paper

… Juvenile Delinquency is a socially constructed concept, viewed as a creation of the intermingling of varied social, political, economic and religious transitions. Such changes initiated with the inception of Renaissance during 1300-1600 however, most prominent during Enlightenment in mid-1600-late 1700 and during the Industrial Revolution in 1760-1900. The origin and development of the concept is seen in at least three important historical developments. Firstly, it is the discovery of childhood and adolescence as an isolated and differentiated stages of life; secondly the emergence of parens patriae in English equity law that entailed legal authority to the state for protective regulation of children when parents could not be able to accomplish child-rearing responsibilities, and finally, the growth of positive criminology that infused scientific methods to the…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Essay

… The disposition may also comprise a restitution element and can be directed at the offender's parents, and not just the offender (Juvenile vs. Adult Justice, 2011).

Every State has at least one court that has jurisdiction over juveniles, but in most States it is not actually called Juvenile Court. "The names of the courts with juvenile jurisdiction vary by State -- District, Superior, Circuit, County, Family, or Probate court, to name a few" (Juvenile justice system structure and process, 1999). Frequently the court of juvenile jurisdiction has a detached division for juvenile issues. Courts with juvenile jurisdiction typically have jurisdiction over delinquency, status offense, and abuse or neglect issues and may also have jurisdiction in other matters like adoption, termination of parental rights, and emancipation.…. [read more]


Treating Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Justice Essay

… The juveniles will hear lectures about programs and scholarships which they may be eligible for, as members of historically discriminated-against populations. The trajectory from high school or obtaining a GED to either a community college or a four-year institution will be broached with education and made to seem a realistic and feasible option for these teens. Additionally, their peer mentors, who will be either going through the college admissions progress or have gone through it themselves will also provide guidance and moral and emotional support regarding applying.

As well as social learning theory, another theory manifested in the program design is that of Howard Becker's labeling theory. According to Howard Becker's labeling theory, individuals who engaged in rule-breaking felt essentially 'different' from persons who considered…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Crime Statistics Term Paper

… " (Winters)

Another major reason for the rise in juvenile delinquency can be attributed to drug and alcohol usage among America's youth. "Behaviors indicative of delinquency include, but are not restricted to, assault, vandalism, theft, and drug and alcohol use. Juvenile delinquency and its related behaviors correspond to the RBPC Conduct Disorder and Socialized Aggression subscales. And in fact, post hoc tests revealed significant differences between the means on these two subscales for LD and ND substance users. The lack of differences in alcohol use between these two groups may simply reflect society's acceptance of alcohol among the general population." (Irvin & Maag, 1993). Contrary to numerous other studies, self-esteem and specific behavior problems were not strongly related to substance use. One plausible explanation for…. [read more]


Causes of Juvenile Delinquency and the Best Strategies and Interventions Designed to Stop Term Paper

… Juvenile delinquency is a term that has many meanings throughout time and it is one that is often misused. In its technical sense juvenile delinquency is a term utilized to describe a lawful violation by a youth (Smith, 2008). Many of these law violations only exist for youth and are considered to be status offenses such as truancy, disobedience, running away, and violating curfew. These are only violations of the law when committed by youth but would not be unlawful if committed by an adult. Yet there is also an increasing amount of serious crime committed each day by juvenile offenders, particularly those between the ages of 15 and 19. Prevention and intervention strategies have done little to curb the continued rise in crime by…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency and Deterrents Term Paper

… There is a limited window where youthful offenders can be reformed and potentially turned into law-abiding citizens who will remain on the side of the law for the rest of their lives, including the putting into place of situation crime prevention strategies which might alleviate the juvenile crime rate. It becomes obvious that some sort of reform needs to be undertaken to fix the fractured juvenile justice system.

Part 2: Locate programs with elements that exemplify the application of each of the sociological theories listed.

a. Social Structure Theories

The National Guard Youth Foundation is an organization which helps disadvantaged youth (National 2013). According to the social structure theory, young people who are financially disadvantaged will be more likely to commit crimes and to get…. [read more]


Juvenile Detention Standards Juvenile Delinquency Article Critique

… There are numerous standards for juvenile corrections. The development of standards for juvenile and adult corrections facilities continues to grow and change. (Livers & Kehoe, 2012) Correctional advocates are concerned with effective rehabilitation of offenders as well as sustaining humane and productive standards as part of the correctional system.

Critique

I found this article to be interesting. It was difficult for me to assess the relevance of this subject, though. Maintaining standards and safety in correctional institutions, for adults or for juveniles, is kind of a conundrum. It seems to be evident that there is a great deal of abuse in correctional facilities. This truth makes correctional standards kind of hollow and meaningless. The standards are meaningless unless they are really put into practice. Additionally,…. [read more]


Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Criminal Term Paper

… Therefore, whatever the causes are of juvenile delinquency, part of the strategy to eliminate juvenile delinquency must include changes to society within the infrastructure and social context, as well as changes individuals make regarding their own choices.

The causes of and conditions for juvenile crime are usually found at each level of the social structure, including society as a whole, social institutions, social groups and organizations, and interpersonal relations. Juveniles' choice of delinquent careers and the consequent perpetuation of delinquency are fostered by a wide range of factors, the most important of which are described below. Juvenile delinquency is driven by the negative consequences of social and economic development, in particular economic crises, political instability, and the weakening of major institutions (including the State, systems…. [read more]


Future Role of the Juvenile Term Paper

… This shift in focus is largely due to a popular view of a juvenile justice system that coddles the young offender" (1998, p. 372). Certainly, no lawmaker wants to be perceived as being "soft on crime," and if the general public perceives a threat from young offenders, then laws must be changed in response.

This "get-tough-on-juvenile-crime" movement came during a period when growing numbers of youthful offenders were becoming involved with the juvenile justice system each year. These trends were also occurring during a period when the juvenile justice system had fewer supports to work with, including community-based resources designed specifically for children and families (Brookins & Hirsch, 2004). According to Brookins and Hirsch, "During the last decade of the 20th century, juvenile violence spread…. [read more]


Juvenile Justice System Term Paper

… ¶ … juvenile justice system more focused on procedures and technicalities since the United States Supreme Court case decision in Gault or does the juvenile court system remain primarily an informal process that is concerned mostly with the welfare of the child and protection of society?

The constitutional rigor of the legal procedures regarding juvenile justice has undoubtedly improved since the fateful day when Gerald Gault was accused of making an indecent phone call. In re Gault, the Supreme Court held that the due process clause of the 14th Amendment held true for both children and adults. For example, young Gault was not allowed to confront his accuser. Moreover, instead of the evidence regarding the crime, the focus of the trial's proceedings centered on Gault's…. [read more]


Juvenile Courts and Adult Essay

… Other jurisdiction may impose such a mixed sentence at the original hearing." (Fagan and Zimring, nd, p.1) It is reported that these blended systems "with ability to impose serious prison terms, appear to undermine the juvenile justice systems' commitment to the life opportunities of young offenders." (Fagan and Zimring, nd, p.3)

IV. Societal Implications of Abolishing Juvenile Court

It is reported that there is a need for "empirical assessment of transfer policies and for ongoing evaluations of transfer law in action" because the transfers are "putting increasing strain in the criminal justice system, where prosecutions demand far more resources." (Fagan and Zimring, nd. p.3) According to Fagan and Zimring it is not yet known what the transfers will do to the criminal justice system and…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Is the Legal Expression Research Paper

… Juvenile delinquency is the legal expression used to describe the behavior of children and adolescents that if they were an adult would be considered criminal. Throughout the United States, the definition of a juvenile along with the age limits is different. There has been seen a maximum age of 14 years in some states to 21 in others. The group that is 16- to 20-years old, is thought to be adults in many places, and has one of the highest incidences of serious crime. A large percentage of adult criminals have a background of early delinquency. Theft is the most common offense that is committed by children. Further serious property crimes and rape are most often committed later on. The reasons for this behavior, like…. [read more]


Juvenile Crime Issues Essay

… Most of these programs have been ineffective in lessening the frequency and occurrence of juvenile offenses.

The first recommendation to help in the reduction of juvenile crime is to adopt programs that consist of early intervention and comprehensiveness features. This is largely because most of the current programs, which are largely unsuccessful, only focus lessening these activities once the delinquent behavior has occurred. Programs that contain the early intervention and comprehensiveness features have proven to be effective in lessening juvenile crime (Saminsky, 2010). Secondly, it's important to define what the early intervention feature is when developing the program.

Conclusion:

The increase in juvenile crime rates, especially juvenile violence in the recent past has made juvenile crime to become a serious problem in the criminal justice…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Juvenile Justice Gang Term Paper

… The office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention should have seminars to train law enforcement officials to forestall the formation of gangs (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). This can significantly eradicate/limit number of gangs involvement in criminal activities. The Office of the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention should come up with programs that prioritize recruitment of faith-based organizations as well as community members and representatives from community-based organizations to come up with engaging activities for at-risk juveniles. The program should also encourage multiagency collaboration at neighborhood, community and federal level. The program should finally stress the importance of partnering with the private sector. Community businesses stand to flourish when juvenile involvement in gang activities is reduced (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). To counter juvenile hate crime, respective states should come up with…. [read more]


Juvenile Delincency in Urban Areas Term Paper

… Jonassen's criticisms are somewhat more reasonable in that they do not suffer from any disagreement as to the acceptability of Shaw's definition of delinquency. Jonassen are somewhat more substantial in that they do not suffer from any disagreement as to the acceptability of Shaw's definition of delinquency. For instance, Shaw believes that there are ethnic aspects to delinquency; that first and second generation immigrants clash at home, leading delinquency to manifest, and this is overcome when the family becomes more American by moving to the outermost rings. Jonasseen points to the fact that Shaw claims the rings to exist even when there are very few immigrants.

The demographics of the United States have changed markedly since the early part of the 20th century, leading us…. [read more]


Juvenile Crime United States Essay

… Therefore, it was pointed by the researcher that even if the child sees violence in neighbourhood, it might affect his/her behaviour.

Moreover, it is the responsibility of the agencies to provide their services for the better upbringing of the child. They need to provide support and prevention services to the youth in where they live. But in the large country like U.S., these agencies have higher number of responsibilities and so they are unable to manage activities in each area. (Mandel, 2008)

Media

The children who watch violent movies and play fighting or violent video games for long hours from very early age are more likely to develop delinquent behaviour. Since, in most of Hollywood movies, cartoons and games promotes the elimination of enemies by…. [read more]


Juveniles Since Biblical Times Term Paper

… Social Forces, Vol. 75, No. 4, Jun 1997. 1,239-69 pp. Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Akers, R.L. (1973). Law and Control in Society. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bartol, C., & Bartol, A. (2005). Criminal Behavior: A Psychosocial Approach. (7th Ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall

Juvenile justice panel (2009) Retrieved from: http://www.juvenilejusticepanel.org/factatglance.html

McCord, J. And Conway, P. (2010). 'Patterns of Juvenile Delinquency and Co-Offending'. In: Waring R, Weisburd D, editors. Crime and Social Organization. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers; 2002. p. 15-30

Puzzanchera, C. (2010) U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Juvenile Arrests 2008

1 I.K. Ben-Amos, Adolescence and Youth in Early Modern English Society (New Haven, 1994).

2. Hugh Cunningham, Children and Childhood in Western Society…. [read more]


Juvenile Correction Research Paper

… Juvenile Corrections

Before the expansion of the first contemporary juvenile court in 1899, juveniles received trials for violation of the laws in adult criminal courts (Siegel 2009, 699). The upshots were devastating as children got treated as criminal offenders and usually sentenced to adults prisons. Although the following passage of state legislation forming juvenile courts eliminated the problem faced by juvenile tried as adults, the juvenile justice system never acknowledged that some forms of behaviors required that juvenile receive adult trial. Presently, most American jurisdictions offer through law for waiver or transfer, of juvenile offenders to the criminal courts.

In its fundamental form, the choice of whether to waive a juvenile to criminal or adult court requires a transfer hearing. The statutory criteria formed by…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Has Long Plagued the American Literature Review

… Juvenile delinquency has long plagued the American society. From the country's earliest days, individuals and groups of troubled youths were tried by the court systems and placed in correctional institutions. Now, with the problem continuing to escalate across the nation with increasingly more violent gangs, researchers are placing greater emphasis on new forms of treatment and prevention. This literature review provides three examples of the methods and programs that different communities and organizations are implementing to reduce juvenile crime.

Throughout the United States, young black males are at high risk of becoming involved with illegal activities to earn a living. In the past, many concerted efforts have been made to help this population find lawful and valuable ways to participate in society. However, few of…. [read more]

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