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Juvenile Risk Assessment Assessment

… Juvenile Justice

A comparison of the results obtained for each individual from the two different assessments.

Colleen M.: Washington State Juvenile Court Assessment

Criminal and Social History

Colleen M's criminal history began soon before her recent arrest. The individual is 15 years of age. Her criminal history, however, is relatively severe. The first charge on which Colleen was charged was involuntary manslaughter. Colleen doused her neighbor with a tub of pesticides, which severely burned the neighbor's skin and subsequently caused an allergic reaction that led to the death of the neighbor. The death was ruled an involuntary manslaughter and Colleen was adjudicated as a delinquent. Colleen continues to claim self-defense, as the neighbor had set fire to a scarecrow on her family house lawn.

However,…. [read more]


Juvenile Justice Process: A Case Case Study

… Given that Xander has already pleaded guilty to the offense of being in possession of a concealed weapon, it is likely that he will be subjected to continued detention which should not exceed 21 days. Formal charges against Xander will commence after a petition has been filed. Thereafter, an arraignment hearing will commence and given that Xander is likely to be on detention status, the said arraignment and the detention hearing will be held concurrently. During arraignment, Xander will be asked by the court whether or not he pleads guilty to the charges leveled against him. Based on his plea, the court will make a ruling on whether there Xander should be provided with a court appointed attorney. Given that Xander has already pleaded guilty…. [read more]


Effectiveness of the Juvenile Justice System Term Paper

… ¶ … Juvenile Justice System

History of Juvenile Justice in the United States

The United States experienced the Progressive Era from approximately 1900 to 1918 (Thomas, 1992). During that time period, there were a number of social reforms taking place, once of which was the advent of the juvenile justice system. Prior to this era of change and reform, children over the age of seven who committed infractions were treated like adults and jailed with adults. As more and more research was done and chances transpiring in society and in politics, the move to rehabilitation instead of imprisonment became the general focus of the system for juveniles. Societal, there was a sense of responsibility to the juvenile delinquent population to rehabilitate and possible deter them…. [read more]


Juvenile Total Institutions Essay

… Juvenile total institutions are designed to provide mental health, education, special education, as well as other programs for the youth to lead to reform of their behavior. Overcrowding is a common phenomenon in juvenile total institutions which causes administrative issues in ensuring peace and tranquility and running these programs. Negative social ties formed between inmates in juvenile total institutions also help to solidify their criminal behavior rather than lead to reforms. As a result of the issues of overcrowding and negative social ties in these juvenile institutions, reform is hard to come by and they have been known to fail in causing reform of juveniles sent into the institutions.

References

ABA Division for Public Education. The History of Juvenile Justice. In ABA Division for Public…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency: Why They Happen Term Paper

… These RCCF facilities include community corrections centers, mentally ill offender facility, halfway houses, parole violator unit, prerelease centers, intermediate sanction facility, probation violator unit, probation boot camps, residential drug treatment facilities, therapeutic communities, restitution centers, work ethic camps and work release centers (Cengage Learning, 2009) among others.

Correctional boot camps operates with the military paradigm of breaking the bad old habits and thought process then building new disciplined ones through intensive hard physical training, drills, hard labor and ultimately ceremony upon achievement. The participants live in barracks that are built specifically for this or if within the prison the barracks are separated from the general prison. The boot camps also provide therapeutic and educational services like the education on alcohol and drugs as well. There…. [read more]


Need and Importance of Juvenile Justice Diversion Programs Research Paper

… Juvenile Justice

The Need and Importance of Juvenile Justice Diversion Programs

Diversion is an effort to redirect, or channel out, youthful offenders from the juvenile justice system. The notion of diversion is founded on the theory that processing certain youth through the juvenile justice system may do more damage than good. The foundation of the diversion dispute is that courts may unintentionally stigmatize some youth for having committed fairly petty acts that might best be handled outside the official system. In part, diversion programs are also intended to improve the problem of overloaded juvenile courts and overloaded corrections institutions, including detention facilities, so that courts and institutions can focus on more serious offenders (Diversion Programs: An Overview, 1999).

Court officials must balance the interests of…. [read more]


Juveniles and the Legal Process Research Paper

… The aim of these programs is to build the highest character ideals and promote healthy and positive growth of the youth. However, some of the government-funded programs consume a significant amount of money and time without achieving the intended results. A perfect example is DARE program for the youth. Therefore, the money that is used to fund this program should be used to expand services of other projects like the Boys and Girls Club. The DARE program offers class lessons on a weekly basis. The program integrates science, health, language arts, and social studies into one lesson. Hence, the education of a child is supposedly uninterrupted. Police officers lead the lessons and demonstrate positive alternatives to harmful behaviors (Elrod and Ryder 36).

Binge drinking has…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Juvenile Justice Gang Term Paper

… The office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention should have seminars to train law enforcement officials to forestall the formation of gangs (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). This can significantly eradicate/limit number of gangs involvement in criminal activities. The Office of the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention should come up with programs that prioritize recruitment of faith-based organizations as well as community members and representatives from community-based organizations to come up with engaging activities for at-risk juveniles. The program should also encourage multiagency collaboration at neighborhood, community and federal level. The program should finally stress the importance of partnering with the private sector. Community businesses stand to flourish when juvenile involvement in gang activities is reduced (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). To counter juvenile hate crime, respective states should come up with…. [read more]


Juvenile Justice How to Prevent Juvenile Delinquency Term Paper

… Juvenile Justice

How to Prevent Juvenile Delinquency

Much has been written about juvenile delinquency in the last two decades. The problem attracts a serious interest these days because of the prevalence of delinquent behavior among adolescents in the United States throughout the country and the inability of stakeholders in containing the growing rate of juvenile delinquency. Juveniles are also a special target for those interested in rehabilitation (a) because there are greater chances of rehabilitating adolescents than adults and (b) because of the fear that without intervention juvenile delinquents are likely to carry their delinquent behavior to adulthood. So, how to tackle the problem of juvenile delinquency? There is no easy answer to this question. Different types of juvenile delinquency may require different approaches. But…. [read more]


in Juvenile Criminal Justice Case Study

… The Cook County Pretrial Services Bond Assessment Form would rate Xander a high-risk, with a score of 11, and if he is able to post bond would probably be confined to his home using an ankle monitor.

Xander's path through the adult criminal court system in Cook County would next involve a bench hearing, given his guilty plea, and probably be sentenced to at least the minimum mandatory sentence of three years. He would then be transferred to the Illinois prison system to serve out his time. The best chance for an intervention on behalf of Xander is at the sentencing hearing. The defense attorney could present the fact that Xander has never been convicted of a violent crime, has never used a weapon during…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Has Long Plagued the American Literature Review

… Juvenile delinquency has long plagued the American society. From the country's earliest days, individuals and groups of troubled youths were tried by the court systems and placed in correctional institutions. Now, with the problem continuing to escalate across the nation with increasingly more violent gangs, researchers are placing greater emphasis on new forms of treatment and prevention. This literature review provides three examples of the methods and programs that different communities and organizations are implementing to reduce juvenile crime.

Throughout the United States, young black males are at high risk of becoming involved with illegal activities to earn a living. In the past, many concerted efforts have been made to help this population find lawful and valuable ways to participate in society. However, few of…. [read more]


Conditions in Juvenile Detention Facilities Term Paper

… 1). The Juvenile Law Center (2019) finds that the methods of behavior modification and control used in juvenile centers nationwide amounts to little more than “government-sanctioned child abuse,” (p. 1). Clearly, instances of extreme abuse are rarer than are the more common occurrences of abject neglect and generally poor conditions and youth programming.

Juvenile detention centers have become the default option for many young people exhibiting problem behaviors. Incarceration in juvenile facilities is often an unnecessary response, and also an ineffective one. The conditions of juvenile facilities are deplorable at worst and only barely acceptable at best. Lack of access to sufficient educational resources, poor mental health or physical health services, overcrowding, understaffing, and exposure to violence and abuse remain the top concerns prompting…. [read more]


Future Role of the Juvenile Term Paper

… This shift in focus is largely due to a popular view of a juvenile justice system that coddles the young offender" (1998, p. 372). Certainly, no lawmaker wants to be perceived as being "soft on crime," and if the general public perceives a threat from young offenders, then laws must be changed in response.

This "get-tough-on-juvenile-crime" movement came during a period when growing numbers of youthful offenders were becoming involved with the juvenile justice system each year. These trends were also occurring during a period when the juvenile justice system had fewer supports to work with, including community-based resources designed specifically for children and families (Brookins & Hirsch, 2004). According to Brookins and Hirsch, "During the last decade of the 20th century, juvenile violence spread…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Crime Statistics Term Paper

… " (Winters)

Another major reason for the rise in juvenile delinquency can be attributed to drug and alcohol usage among America's youth. "Behaviors indicative of delinquency include, but are not restricted to, assault, vandalism, theft, and drug and alcohol use. Juvenile delinquency and its related behaviors correspond to the RBPC Conduct Disorder and Socialized Aggression subscales. And in fact, post hoc tests revealed significant differences between the means on these two subscales for LD and ND substance users. The lack of differences in alcohol use between these two groups may simply reflect society's acceptance of alcohol among the general population." (Irvin & Maag, 1993). Contrary to numerous other studies, self-esteem and specific behavior problems were not strongly related to substance use. One plausible explanation for…. [read more]


Death Penalty for Juvenile Term Paper

… Simmons is itself controversial.

References

"Death penalty for minors: Cruel and unusual." (September 27, 2004). American Medical News. Retrieved on May 14, 2005 from http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?scid=38& did=884#amn 'Recent Public Opinion on the Juvenile Death Penalty." (n.d.) Death Penalty and Information Center. http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?scid=27& did=883

Richey, Warren. (March 2, 2005) "Juvenile death penalty abolished." Christian Science Monitor.

Retrieved on May 14, 2005 from http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0302/p01s01-usju.html

Wallis, Claudia and Kristina Dell. (May 10, 2004). "What Makes Teens Tick." Time magazine. Retrieved on May 14, 2005 from http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/article.php?scid=27& did=977

According to the evidence presented in the court

Warren Richey. Juvenile death penalty abolished (2005) Christian Science Monitor

A Time Magazine article dated May 14, 2004 quotes a study at the National Institute of Mental Health which reveals that "the very last…. [read more]


Adolescents or Children at Risk Term Paper

… AT RISK

"Some adolescents are troubled and some get into trouble.

But the great majority (almost nine out of ten) do not

The bottom line is that good kids don't suddenly go bad in adolescence" - Laurence Steinberg and Ann Levine (20th century)

(Steinberg and Levine, as cited in Columbia World of Quotations, 1996).

Contemporary Issues and Concerns

Although adolescents may be "at risk" for a number of problems today, according to Laurence Steinberg, professor of psychology, and Ann Levine (Columbia World of Quotations, 1996), a U.S. author, most adolescents, in fact, nine out of ten, do not regulalry get into trouble. What constitutes a concern, albeit, is the one in ten "at risk" adolescent who may regularly subscribe to a number of the myriad…. [read more]


Health Risk Behaviors Drug Literature Review Chapter

… Similarly, O'Donnell and colleagues (2008) found that early alcohol use is relatively overlooked and few parents in that sample believed that their child might have had a drink. Greater15parental awareness occurred with older teenagers and in households that communicated more frequently.

Parental denial

Not only are parents unaware of their child's drinking they also seem to be in denial about their child's drinking and unwilling to accept the truth about their child's actions. Parents of teens are more than three times more likely to believe that their child's friends engage in substance use behaviors than they were to believe their own child engaged in these behaviors. Research has shown that parents are much more likely to believe that their children's peers drink and drive than…. [read more]


Intervening With Juvenile Drug Crimes Term Paper

… Arrests among juveniles for aggravated assault rose 67% between 1988 and 1992. Arrests for aggravated assault for children under 15 years of age climbed by 80%.

Between 1988 and 1992, the number of children under the age of 15 arrested for committing forcible rape increased over 49%.

There are many reasons for concern when it comes to literacy rates in the United States. The Los Angeles Times recently reported that approximately 60% of local children were in danger of failing their third-grade reading proficiency test (Tallal, 2000).

Millions of American students are not learning disabled yet they enter school with poor English skills. As a result, they do not learn to read and end up in special education classes, which have lowered expectations and poor…. [read more]


Juvenile Recidivism Thesis

… Juvenile Recidivism

WHITHER GOEST?

Recidivism means relapse into criminal behavior, often after receiving sanction or intervention for a previous offense or crime (OJP, 2010). Juvenile offenders are 18 years old or younger. Sanctions are punishments imposed by federal, State or local authorities in the form of fines, community supervision and imprisonment. Interventions are in the form of drug rehabilitation, employment training and cognitive therapies. Juvenile recidivism means a person 18 years old or younger who commits the same crime after being punished or receiving intervention. Washington courts reported in 2005 (Sentencing Guidelines Commission, 2008) that 76% of juvenile offenders were recidivists. Furthermore, data on juvenile recidivism are available only from 20 States. Approaches to the problem have so far not been very effective.

Method

This…. [read more]


Juvenile Court Philosophy Essay

… Juvenile Court Philosophy

The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) offers the reader and researcher many insightful documents regarding the history of the juvenile justice movement, based almost entirely in the ideals of a few to create systems that responded more humanely to juvenile perpetrators of crime and the more modern movement to provide accountability and retribution for juvenile crime. In the document offering are two insightful articles one of which argues against the use of the death penalty among juvenile offenders, based upon the special considerations of youth as outlined by the Supreme Court and the juvenile justice system of understanding youth mentalities and understanding. (Cothern, 2000) Another insightful article outlines almost to the year, but more realistically to the decade, the…. [read more]


Light 1) Juveniles Adult Essay

… While there are those that argue that murderous acts should be punished regardless of age, there are also opinions that consider that up to a certain age, the brain fails to develop to its full capacity and the centers that are responsible for reasoning are the ones that develop last, in the early 20s of a young adult (Juvenile System Reform Committee, 2011) It is rather difficult to argue on one side or another, however it must be pointed out that while other types of sentencing, such as life in prison, or maximum years spent in jail may be reversed as it has happened in numerous cases, the death sentence once completed cannot be reversed (Whitehead and Lab, 2012).

There are numerous effects detention may…. [read more]


Juvenile Delinquency Term Paper

… Because I have had these offenders tested to rule out underlying psychological disorders, I know that they are capable of empathy, and hope that exposure to people hurt by similar crimes will keep them from offending in the future. In addition, I would want at least one of the victims to be a relative of a person who committed a similar robbery and who was killed during the commission of the robbery, in order to demonstrate why armed robbery is such a serious and potentially deadly offense.

The final part of the offender's sentence would be post-release supervision. This is the area that much of traditional sentencing fails to address. An offender typically goes from the super-structured environment of a detention facility to the almost…. [read more]


Risk Management and Analysis Process and Policy Before Technology Research Proposal

… ¶ … released by the FBI and the Computer Security Institute (CSI), over 70% of all attacks on sensitive data and resources reported by organizations occurred from within the organization itself. Implementing an internal security policy appears to be just as important as an external strategy. The objective of this report is to highlight the necessity of internal processes and policy alongside technology when managing and mitigating risk. The author narrates the problems of security from the unseen forces in an individual that influence thought, behavior and personality. Once organizations truly understand the psychology behind the motivations of software engineers and developers, risk analysis and risk management strategies will become more efficient. The research contained in this report establishes that there is some connection between…. [read more]


Criminal Justice System Juvenile Delinquency Identify Three Term Paper

… Criminal Justice System Juvenile Delinquency

Identify three components of the diversionary program and initiatives within the NCJRS website Woman & Girls in the Criminal Justice System.

Gender-Specific Assessment of Offender's Needs, Strengths, and Risk Factors in conjunction with Gender-Specific Programming

A Focus on Personal Transformation and Rehabilitation through Continuous Exposure to Positive Role Models (Probation Officers, Case Workers)

Systematic Training to Implement Uniform Assessment and Programming Practices Across Multiple Criminal Justice and Social Service Agencies.

2.Compare and contrast state and local programs as they contribute to successful reintegration and transition services.

State Programs

State institutions, due to the state's exclusive authority for most criminal offenses in the state, usually encounter juvenile offenders only after they have reached the sentencing stage. Although criminal justice institutions theoretically…. [read more]


Foster Care Community Assessment Essay

… National research shows that these youth from foster care may not have acquired the life skills necessary to handle adult tasks and few have a family support network to fall back on when problems and challenges arise.

In comparison to other young adults, youth with a foster care history are at greater risk of low educational attainment, homelessness, non-marital pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases, joblessness, poverty, physical and mental illness, and engaging in or being victims of crimes (Krinsky, 2010). Foster youth who are also involved in the juvenile justice system are at even greater risk. These youth very often are released from the juvenile justice system on their 18th birthday with little or no family support, no home to return to, and few, if any,…. [read more]


Crime Causation Diversion: Comparison Essay

… (Orange County Sheriff's Department, 2013)

III. School Resource Officer (SRO)

Uniformed officers are placed in schools for various purpose. Most SRO's are assigned to Junior or High Schools in Orange County although they additionally respond to elementary and private schools in the Orange County area. The SRO's are reported to "meet many needs including strengthening relationships between youth and law enforcement, forging cooperative relationships with school staff to meet a variety of student needs, and augmenting existing safety and security planning at our schools. SRO's handle criminal as well as social problems that occur with our youth and regularly attend sporting events, school functions, and parent meetings while still enforcing criminal laws." (Orange County Sheriff's Department, 2013) The average day of an SRO is reported…. [read more]


Consequences for Juveniles Who Sexually Offend Research Paper

… Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile Sexual Offending: a Developmental Problem

Adult sexual offending has been considered a serious problem for a long time, but until 1980s the problem of juvenile sexual offending had not been adequately addressed based on an assumption that "boys will be boys" and that adolescent sexual offending was more of an experimental stage for boys not requiring professional intervention (Lane, Davis, & Isaac, 1987). The issue, however, attracted more serious attention in the 1980s and '90s, for available literature and the FBI crime reports indicated a set of problems which could no longer be downplayed. By late eighties, the incidents of adolescent sexual offending was rising by 10% each year, while in the state of Utah the number of juveniles committing sexual offenses…. [read more]


Crime Causation and Diversion Term Paper

… Juvenile Diversion

In the juvenile justice system, diversion programs are often used to help keep the young offender from getting a record, even a juvenile record, and to transfer him or her to a program that will offer needed assistance in order to prevent further legal infractions, to offer counseling and training as required, and generally to divert the offender way from the court and into programs that will have a better outcome than would incarceration. Sometimes such programs are contingent on certain outcomes so that if the offender completes the program successfully, he or she is released, while if he or she does not, a return to court and to incarceration may be the outcome. California has a number of such programs, some statewide…. [read more]


Assessing Juveniles Perceptions on Capital Punishment Term Paper

… Race Justice

Assessing Juveniles Perceptions on Capital Punishment

The purpose of this study is an exploration of the relationship between race and capital punishment. Specifically the researcher will explore the racial differences in attitudes toward capital punishment, focusing on juvenile opinions. The literature review reviews the many factors that may predict what factors will lead a person to vote against or for capital punishment. The literature review starts with a brief introduction that highlights some of the data collected for the introduction of this study.

Attitudes among juveniles regarding capital punishment are just as heated and challenging as they are among adults. While few studies directly explore the relationship between the death penalty and juveniles, there are reports provided by some empirical researchers suggesting by…. [read more]


Labeling Theory and Juvenile Essay

… The drugs have not changed, only our perceptions of them. Similarly, legal racial classifications have broken down that stigmatized certain individuals as 'other,' although personal stereotypes have proven harder to extinguish.

One criticism of labeling theory is that it is difficult to pinpoint as the root cause of all sentencing discrepancies, however. For example, while there is clearly an overrepresentation of young black and Latino males within the juvenile justice system, there is a chicken and egg question -- is the overrepresentation due to racism, or to the social end economic conditions that racism has created that drive these young men to crime? The answer may be that it is a combination of the two -- expectations of criminality result in higher apprehension and conviction…. [read more]

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