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Juvenile Justice in Order to Fully Comprehend Essay

… Juvenile Justice

In order to fully comprehend the nature of the current Juvenile Justice System and propose possible changes to the system, it is of paramount significance to peruse through the history of the juvenile system from the early years till now. Children above five years old were taken as either small adults or property in the colonial times in America. They were sentenced in criminal courts for offences like cursing parents, petty theft and other such lots of cases. This continued for a long time till in 1825 when the Society for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency pushed for the separation of the juvenile from the adults in terms of justice administration. There after numerous cities built juvenile facilities which were majorly aimed at…. [read more]


Juvenile Death Penalty Term Paper

… Juvenile Death Penalty Sentencing Is Cruel and Unjust Punishment

In America, twenty-five states permit the execution of juveniles, twenty-one states set the minimum age for execution at 16 and four states at set it at 17. No other Western country, no other industrialized state, and in fact no other democracy in the world allows juveniles to be executed. In fact, since 1990, the United States joins only Iran, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Yemen as nations that have executed children. With nine executions of juveniles since the year 1990, the American criminal justice system executes a larger number of children than the rest of the Earth combined. In fact, just the state of Texas, with five juvenile executions since 1990, executes more children than any…. [read more]


Juvenile Justice Juvenile Delinquency Essay

… Another significant procedural difference is that the juveniles do not have the options of bail. However, in order to be able to get out of custody before the full time, the minor has to prove that there has been a change of behavior and that he is not a danger to the community anymore, nor is he a flight risk.

The other difference in the proceedings between the adult and juvenile court system is that juvenile courtroom is usually closed to the media and the general public during the adjudication unlike the adult court proceedings where the general public is allowed in and even the media is allowed into the proceedings (Katya Komisaruk, 2007).

There are some crimes that are considered status offence in many…. [read more]


Juvenile Pros and Cons Term Paper

… 192). It has been scientifically proven juveniles do not have fully mature brains until they reach adult age and are not fully aware of consequences when they perform actions. This is not to say juveniles should not receive punishment for their actions. But due to the growing case load of the juvenile and adult courts, it is safe to say something must be done to remedy the situation.

The pros of trying juveniles as adults vary. As previously mentioned, the public and politicians feel safer when they see juveniles who perform severe crimes treated as adults. Society believes in a punishment befitting the crime and as some news stories have pointed out, certain teens and children have committed heinous acts that people feel should be…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Process Essay

… Criminal Justice Process

Considerable attention has been devoted to law, both substantive and procedural on the justice process. The criminal justice system is a legal system. How does the law influence the day-to-day activities of the justice process? Be sure to cover criminal justice decisions in all major sub-components of the process.

The law influences the day-to-day activities of the justice process in a number of ways, because the law determines the parameters of permissible activity at every point in the criminal justice system. First, it is important to realize that the law influences what is considered criminal activity. This may seem like an obvious point, but it can have a tremendous impact on the day-to-day activities of the criminal justice system. For example, the…. [read more]


Intervening With Juvenile Drug Crimes Term Paper

… Arrests among juveniles for aggravated assault rose 67% between 1988 and 1992. Arrests for aggravated assault for children under 15 years of age climbed by 80%.

Between 1988 and 1992, the number of children under the age of 15 arrested for committing forcible rape increased over 49%.

There are many reasons for concern when it comes to literacy rates in the United States. The Los Angeles Times recently reported that approximately 60% of local children were in danger of failing their third-grade reading proficiency test (Tallal, 2000).

Millions of American students are not learning disabled yet they enter school with poor English skills. As a result, they do not learn to read and end up in special education classes, which have lowered expectations and poor…. [read more]


New York State Department Capstone Project

… Good behavior was not the end result of his efforts and criminals kept committing crimes once they were released. The obstacle became providing adequate supervision and consequences once criminals were released.

By 1913, the re-offense rate increased and it became apparent, supervision of released offenders as well as inmates residing in correctional facilities had to be implemented. Actions were granted for officials to keep offenders from reoffending, but resources were unable to keep up with the demand. As will be discussed in the upcoming literature review, mental illness appears to correlate with increased criminal activity. During the Great Depression of the United States, there was a sharp increase in prison populations.

The increase was due in part to the lack of jobs and desperate conditions…. [read more]


Government the Trafficking Victims Protection Thesis

… 5

TVPRA (2008)

"The new and amended criminal provisions of the 2008 TVPRA took effect on December 23, 2008. The core human trafficking offenses which are forced labor and sex trafficking are codified, respectively, at 18 U.S.C. § 1589 and 1591, and provide, in relevant part:

§ 1589. Forced labor

(a) Whoever knowingly provides or obtains the labor or services of a person by any one of, or by any combination of, the following means

(1) by means of force, threats of force, physical restraint, or threats of physical restraint to that person or another person;

(2) by means of serious harm or threats of serious harm to that person or another person;

(3) by means of the abuse or threatened abuse of law or…. [read more]


Theories How Refusal to Hire Ex-Offenders Research Paper

… Theories

How Refusal to Hire Ex-Offenders in Florida is affecting the Recidivism Rate Compared to Other States.

Criminal offenders often commit more crimes after they return to the community. This re-offense performance is known as recidivism. The result of prison or jail sentences on recidivism is a significant matter to those apprehensive with public safety and the cost-effectiveness of putting people in prison. Attitude is split between those supporting longer sentences in the attention of public safety, and those supporting shorter sentences with the supposition that confinement, or longer prison terms, will not decrease recidivism rates (Song and Lieb, 1993). Recidivism can be calculated in a lot of different ways. The majority of correctional agencies calculate the proportion of prisoners released in a fiscal year…. [read more]


Minors Tired as Adults Term Paper

… Thus, stiffer penalties for minors who commit violent crimes are effective in reducing the reoccurrence of these violent crimes. Moreover, if as those opposed to stiffer sentences state, stiffer sentences do not decrease the commission of violent crime by potential offenders or the recidivism rates of violent offenders is true for all age groups, then the only logical argument to help reduce these violent crimes committed by these offenders would be in keeping these violent offenders incarcerated longer. Thus, the major argument that those who disagree with treating juveniles as adults in criminal court is illogical and counterintuitive to the actual data.

Regarding the argument that juveniles who commit violent crimes do not receive sentences proportional to the crime and data from studies like Ward…. [read more]


Vision Therapy Term Paper

… ¶ … Vision Therapy on Children's Reading Ability

An Analysis of the Impact of Vision Therapy Intervention on Vision-Impaired Children's Reading Ability

Background of Problem child's ability to read efficiently has been shown time and again to be directly correlated to a wide range of academic and social outcomes (Corcos, Kruk & Willows, 1993). According to Kameenui and Simmons (1998), "Professional educators and the public at large have long known that reading is an enabling skill that traverses academic disciplines and translates into meaningful personal, social, and economic outcomes for individuals" (p. 1). Similarly, it is widely recognized that reading is the fundamental component of all academic pursuits, what Kameenui and Simmons term "the pivotal ability that stabilizes and leverages children's opportunities to learn and…. [read more]


Role of Media in Effecting Term Paper

… Moreover, this essentially thought-provoking role by the media helps the world comprehend the loopholes in our legal system and the dire need to take remedial measures for the same. Thus from the above discussion, it is evident that media in all forms plays a vital role in determining our understanding of Juvenile Delinquency even when it contributes towards public hysteria concerning the youth crime.

Works Cited

Descartes L. & Kottak C. Media and the Work/Family Interface. Retrieved March 05, 2003 at http://www.ethno.isr.umich.edu/papers/ceel007-00.pdf

Nichols T. Interview with attorney of 12-year-old charged with murder in Michigan: "This is a test case to try any child as an adult." Retrieved March 05, 2003 from World Socialist Web Site at http://www.wsws.org/news/1998/aug1998/atty-a28.shtml

Kaufmann S. The American crackdown on youth crime…. [read more]


Police Reform in Post-Authoritarian Brazil Thesis

… 2) This particular research will also be of immense help for policy formulators in metropolitan police departments and in police departments of small vicinities, in making effectual judgment regarding relevant development.

3) The material along with the conclusion of this particular study will certainly enhance and modernize the methodologies of the investigations linked to job performance and challenges related to police development in Brazil.

Chapter 2: Literature Review

Section 1: Police and Crime in Brazil

Since the last ten years the focus of the Brazilian establishment concerning the protection of the civil society has been on the conglomeration out of three immense spectrums: (a) the police department, essential constituent of numerous problems and possibly the recurrent performer in every region of urban space; (b) violent…. [read more]


Plastic Surgery Teen Term Paper

… " She purports that "the laws governing minors in the health care setting have evolved more or less in accordance with societal perceptions of adolescents' health care needs" (p.356). Further, Oberman posits that maturity is more or less code, allowing minors to consent to their own medical treatment in situations were society deems it appropriate; and at the same time denies minors' access if there is a possibility of long-term adverse consequences (p. 358). She describes this as a form of utilitarianism which governs minors' access to health care. If minors are allowed to make medical decisions that exceed what society renders as appropriate from the viewpoint of utility, then there must be a clearer and more scientific view of the nature of adolescent capacity…. [read more]

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