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Curriculum Laws and Gifted Education Essay

… Curriculum Development

What historical or political occurrences do you think have most influenced current curriculum design?

The social and political history of the United States has always had an influence on schools and the curricula schools devise for their students. An article in New Straits Times (2005) reflects the fact that "…mounting levels of obesity" has raised concerns about schools and what they are teaching regarding good health habits. In the article the World Health Organization (WHO) reports over 300 million people worldwide are obese, and the lack of physical education and good health education in American schools was cited as partly to blame. Hence, curricula in some schools have added nutrition and physical health activities to regular classroom content.

In the website the…. [read more]

Curriculum Books Essay

… However, some of the discussions of constructivism and brain-based approaches do not recognize the need for teachers to structure classroom tasks to facilitate the construction of meaning. SIGs integrate the best aspects of traditional role-plays and simulations into a learning environment that promotes active engagement, interactivity and collaboration, the application of knowledge and skills, and the use of complex thinking skills, including empathy and values-based learning (Nonaka, 2001).

The constructivist view of learning, in various guises, is widely embraced by most researchers studying cognition in education. Although, the meaning of constructivism is currently the subject of considerable debate (Clark & Mayer, 2003), the essential idea is that knowledge is actively built by the learner through transformations to existing knowledge structures, rather than being directly transmitted…. [read more]

Curriculum Language Education and Curriculum Standards Thesis

… Curriculum

Language Education and Curriculum Standards on the National and Local Scale.

Language education has always been an important issue in the United States. This is particularly in this country as a result of the rich variety of languages that are found among its diverse citizens. Furthermore, language is the foundation of communication. In order to build a strong and unified nation in the country, it is vital that not only education, but also communication, be both standardized and clear. Only if communication in English can be established with clarity, can the United States claim to be the truly democratic country it professes to be. Such democracy begins with education, and specifically with language education.

The objective of the research is therefore to investigate the…. [read more]

K-12 Interview Principal Interview and Analysis Self-Perception Essay

… K-12 Interview

Principal Interview and Analysis

Self-Perception as a Leader

Ruth Pohlman, the principal of Rush Strong Elementary in Jefferson County, Tennessee, brings several decades of experience as an educator and an administrator with her every day to her job at the kindergarten through eighth-grade institution. Her background as a former teacher as well as her training and experience as a school administrator both contribute to the way in which she perceives and performs her duties as an instructional leader as well as a school administrator; her decisions are made with the welfare and education of the students at the school as her primary concern (Pohlman 2010). Ms. Pohlman does not simply keep these factors in mind in the day-to-day decisions that she makes during…. [read more]

Curriculum the Role of the State Board Term Paper

… Curriculum

The role of the State Board of education is to support and assist the administration of schools through the development of strategic plans, curriculum standards and budget issues. The State Board of Education also acts as a community involved board where some of its members are not educators but are members of the community, fulfilling other roles. In short the role of the State Board is to provide general guidance to schools, to help schools obtain high quality learning for all students in the school system. The board sets broad goals and formulates some specific solutions or objectives through planning and interaction with administration, as well as community. According to the Vermont Department of Education the five aspects of the department are to:

Support…. [read more]

Curriculum Implementation Term Paper

… Curriculum Implementation

An implementation of a new curriculum in school is difficult, especially within a group of educators who are used to the old method of teaching-learning process, thus afraid of trying out new strategies and techniques that would further improve the learning process of the students. Jesup High School Principal Roark Horn admits this fact however found what he thought would be an appropriate strategy in addressing this issue. Horn, encourages the students to learn through teaching and "move beyond just telling what happened." The students' responses were great such that they have engaged themselves into self-evaluation and exercising their critical thinking skills. (Franklin, 2002)

Technological innovations have made tremendous changes even across educational systems and policies. There had been learning programs or soft…. [read more]

Changing the Grading System Term Paper

… The narrative form of grading may be too tedious and time-consuming to conduct and prepare, but the end result, which is an accurate determination of the student's grades, will benefit the students, instructors, and administrators because they now have a clear reference of how a particular student performed throughout an academic year or semester through the letter grade (the final grade), while the numerical grades during the progress of the year or semester will serve as records that helped monitor and will verify the validity, accuracy, and honesty of the final grade given to the student. Thus, the narrative grading system can be considered as the most appropriate form of grading, because it avoids any biases, inconsistencies, and unreliability that other grading systems present to…. [read more]

K-12 Curriculum and Instruction: Changing Research Proposal

… From what? Boring stuff." (2011)

Robinson states that the instance of ADHD "has risen in parallel with the growth of standardized testing. And these kids are being given Ritalin and Adderall and all manner of things. Often quite dangerous drugs to get them focused and calm them down. But according to this attention deficit disorder increases as you travel east across the country. People start losing interest in Oklahoma. They can hardly think straight in Arkansas. And by the time they get to Washington they've lost it completely." (Robinson, 2011) The model of education is a system of education "…which is modeled on the interest of industrialism. And in the image of it. I'll give you a couple examples. Schools are still pretty much organized…. [read more]

Afrocentric Curriculum for K-12 African-American Term Paper

… Relevance/Importance of the Question

White (1991) expressed the idea that most White educators, psychologists, and social scientists accept the point-of-view that the experiential backgrounds and/or cognitive limitations of Blacks have deprived them psychologically and culturally. (APA p 37) According to the theory, this deprivation has resulted in Black students' inferior preparation to perform effectively in the "White" educational system. The expressions of Hale-Benson, 1986; Irvine, 1992 and Shade, 1995, support this contention. There are few methods of teaching that address the learning needs of Black students; nor is there evidence of interest in developing methods of meeting the needs of these students. It is essential to restructure teaching methodology so that all students will have equal access to knowledge (Hale-Benson, 1986; Irvine, 1992; Shade, 1995).…. [read more]

Plan for K-12 Teachers Term Paper

… K-12 Teachers Performance Appraisal Model Evaluation Plan


The school District and the Association agree that collaborative efforts are vital on the part of the evaluator and the 'evaluatee' or 'teacher' with regard to performance appraisal and feedback.

The aim of the performance review is to provide teachers with information that is relevant to their professional performance in accordance with District standards. Every effort will be utilized to ensure that all teachers are given the maximum opportunity to excel in the classroom environment, and evaluations will be carried out in a manner that is objective in nature.

The purpose of the evaluation will be to improve student achievement and progress via attention to the teacher's methods of instruction and competency. The goal will be to…. [read more]

Curriculum Are Social Forces, Human Development Essay

… ¶ … curriculum are social forces, human development, and learning styles. The social and cultural factors that contribute to the individual differences of learners are the blending of many cultural backgrounds. African-American families, white families those who are native to an area and those who have moved in from other places, the family structures such as one-parent homes, two-parent homes, grandparents who raise their grandchildren, blended families, and some students even have their own children, religious preferences, and socioeconomic. By individualizing education a school system can provide for individual differences by allowing students to choose their own goals and create their own projects and topics in which they are interested. When planning for the curriculum a system should seek content that includes the diverse cultures…. [read more]

Fine Arts and the K-12 Curriculum Essay

… Fine Arts & the K-12 Curriculum

Including the fine arts in a K-12 curriculum has become a controversial issue in educational institutions and local school settings. Some educators and administrators view the arts as a "frivolous" appendage to the overall school program. Others believe it is an integral part of developing well; rounded individuals and contend that the arts support academic achievement. Since the arts are not included in high stakes testing and are not a part of the No Child Left Behind legislation, communities in support of fine arts programs are finding it difficult to justify the resources and time allocated for music, art and drama when offered. In higher education, over the years, your institution's fine arts department has built an extensive community…. [read more]

Homebound Hospital Program Term Paper

… Homebound Instruction

Federal Regulations

In Title 34 of federal codes, part 300, titled Assistance to States for the Education of Children with Disabilities, federal guidelines specify that state educational institutions are responsible for providing specially designed instruction for students with disabilities. Specifically, section 300.26 lays guidelines for the provision of such services, the settings in which such services are to be provided, and the specifications for such provisions (34CFR300.26). In response, all fifty states now offer programs, including homebound and hospitalized services for students unable to attend regular classes due to medical conditions. This paper will discuss such programs, including the federal guidelines, specific state programs, an overview of services, and a discussion of each state's particular requirements for the homebound or hospital programs.

To…. [read more]

Videoconferencing K-12 Term Paper

… Videoconferencing K-12

Purpose of Videoconferencing

The purpose of Interactive Videoconferencing (IVC) is to bring the world into the classroom. When rising gas and transportation costs keep students immobile, the students may invite the site they wished to visit onto their classroom video screen and listen to an expert guide talk about what they are seeing. When students wish to learn about mathematics they have their choice of playing interactive math games onscreen with other students, watching animated educational films about math, or researching math-related sites on their own. IVC brings these capabilities into the K-12 classroom.

The value of IVC has been studied by education experts intensively and the libraries and internet is replete with information concerning such study results. Controversy over whether IVC is…. [read more]

Writing Across the Curriculum (Wac) Programs Term Paper

… Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) programs became popular during the mid-1970s in response to a perceived deficiency in students' writing and thinking abilities. Such programs grew out of the conviction that children are capable of learning in a variety of creative ways, ways that go beyond traditional pedagogical methods of rote and lecture (Williams, 2000). Writing was seen as a method for encouraging that kind of learning, and a gradually developing body of research supported that idea, characterizing early WAC efforts (Williams, 2000). WAC programs in the K-12 grades advocate the incorporation of writing into all classes and all subject areas, as a means of helping students to improve their writing skills and to use writing as a learning tool. Programs have been established at…. [read more]

Promotion of More Inclusive Education Research Paper

… The final area is the learning environment, which can be changed physically or in regards to learning in order to support the needs of all individuals within the classroom (Ernest et al., 2011).

It was suggested by Ernest et al. (2011) in their case study of a teacher implementing differentiated instruction within a special education context that there are barriers to this implementation. The most prominent barrier observed by the researchers was the common perception among teachers and the public that differentiated education is just another passing fad. The researchers expressed the necessity for a shift in classroom models from the tradition deductive view that teaching strategies that work for most should work for all, to a more inductive approach that understands and respects the…. [read more]

Structure of Standardized Testing Essay

… Note, being a student with a disability or an English Language Learner does not change the content being assessed or the skill level (WDPI, 2011). Examples include a large-print test or using a scribe to record answers.

It is important to note that students with major limitations in cognitive functioning, in adaptive behavior, and in academic functioning expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills have the WKCE Alternate Assessment to judge their performance. Often, these students are identified as having a cognitive disability; however, students with some other types of disabilities (e.g., Autism, Traumatic Brain Injury, etc.) may also satisfy the criteria for participation on the WAA-SwD. When determining whether a student who is eligible for special education services should participate in the WAA-SwD…. [read more]

Middle School Mathematics Curriculum and Standards Research Paper

… Middle School Mathematics Curriculum and Standards

In a preface to a discussion about curriculum and standards for middle school, the National Council on Teachers of Mathematics (n.d.) notes

The middle grades represent a significant turning point in students' lives [and they] solidify conceptions about themselves as learners of mathematics. They arrive at conclusions about their competence in mathematics, their attitudes, their interest, and their motivation. These conceptions will influence how they approach the study of mathematics in later years, which in turn will affect their later career and personal opportunities.

The standards guide curriculum development in ten areas: numbers and operations, algebra, geometry, measurement, data analysis and probability, problem solving, reasoning and proof, communications, connections, and representation. For each area, the standards specify what students…. [read more]

Differentiated Instruction in the Self-Contained Special Education Classroom Research Proposal

… Differentiated Instruction in the Self-Contained Special Education Classroom

Differentiation in the Self-Contained Special Education Classroom: A Defense of Differentiation and the Importance of Special Education Environments

Thanks to the No Child Left Behind Act, increasing educational research, and a revitalized interest in special education students and the methods by which they receive the best education possible, the question of differentiation has once again taken a starring role in K-12 drama. According to Thompson, whose 1999 Personalized Learning article about differentiation predated the current overwhelming response to the topic, differentiation "causes us to grapple with many of our traditional -- if questionable -- ways of 'doing school'" (pg. 12). Indeed, Thompson (1999) argues that in order for differentiation to work, teachers must "know where we want…. [read more]

Technology Has Changed Essay

… They are great resources for assisting teachers with technology integration, for training teachers to use technology effectively, and for assisting with curriculum development (Coffman, 2009). Additionally, technology network staff is responsible for managing the school's information network. They provide centralized, school-based, and/or regional support for information networks, such as help desks. These positions are responsible for providing network selection, configuration, installation, operation, repair, and maintenance, plus they install software, troubleshoot problems, and perform security management (Coffman, 2009).

Technology Competency Skills

Computer literacy, media literacy, digital literacy, and digital competence are all concepts that highlight the need to handle technology in our digital age. However, when it comes to teachers' digital literacy there is a need to develop a more pedagogic-didactic content for digital literacy in…. [read more]

Leading Organizational Change in American Schools Research Paper

… Leading Organizational Change in America's K-12 Schools: A Literature Review

Creating positive changes in America's schools is a key responsibility of educational leaders. Researching best practices via the relevant scholarly literature can assist those seeking to manage and improve the learning environment in America's K-12 schools, in contributing to the creation of a thriving instructional atmosphere. By integrating the knowledge of 'what works best' into their curriculum planning and decision-making processes, educational leaders can help to bring about the positive changes that the American school system so critically needs.

Best Practices and Related Theories

Using various types of proven best practices will create a positive learning culture in which education for students (and teachers) becomes less of a chore and more of an adventure. For…. [read more]

Recruiting Plan for K-12 Setting Term Paper

… Recruiting Planning for K-12

The first step in developing a plan such as this would need to be a creating a definition for what constitutes a "good faculty." What kind of people do you want in the classrooms of your district? The answer will not necessarily be the same for everybody so I am going to just pick an idea and see how it shapes the plan.


I am going to base this plan on a good faculty being a group of people that works together for the good of children and the good of the education of those children. This definition would mean I would be looking for a certain kind of person. I would be looking for a person who is a…. [read more]

Learner-Centered Curriculum' in TESOL Term Paper

… Since it is a fact that all individuals use language to communicate with each other, the communicative language teaching method utilizes communication methods to teach a language effectively, by eliminating the various complex rules of grammar and syntax that are used in the traditional methods of teaching a language, and using, instead, real-life situations and communications in that context. (Communicative Language Teaching)

However this does not mean that grammar is totally eliminated, the emphasis is rather on learning to communicate a message to another person using the new language that is being learnt. For example, the student is expected to practice a real life situation such as buying food at the market. The student will, by this method, learn to communicate his thoughts and feelings…. [read more]

Music Enrollment in and Attitudes Towards K-12 Music Classes Literature Review

… Music Education

By any objective standard, K-12 public school music programs are in trouble. Due to the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act that renewed the Elementary Education Act 1965 under then president George W. Bush, music programs are being cut due to an increased emphasis on core subjects. Also, music programs are perhaps seen as being less relevant today than they were in previous years and student opinions of music programs are dwindling constantly. The picture is grim and this results in a dichotomy in the dwindling support/interest in K-12 music programs and the overall positive attitudes people have towards music. In a review of the scholarly literature on K-12 public school programs, this author will focus on 3 essential themes as follows:

Trends…. [read more]

No Child Left Behind Act Term Paper

… Three of these systems hold their own procurements for the equal interest of district school students and educators, which contrast, in a few regards, from the Uniform Provisions. Under the Uniform Provisions, local education agencies (LEAS) or different elements getting federal financial aid are instructed to give services to qualified district school students, instructors and other workforce. This must be done according to the number of qualified students selected in district secondary and elementary schools in the LEA or the geographic zone served by an alternate agency receiving federal financial aid. These services and different profits must be equivalent to the services and different profits given to government funded school students and instructors taking part in the system, and they must be given in a…. [read more]

Action Research Essay

… Instruments and/or apparatus. Four types of data will be collected for this case study research: (1) The academic scores of students in the science classroom undergoing study in the forms of pre-tests and post-tests; (2) Semi-structured interview data about the impact that video is perceived to have on the students' academic achievement; (3) personal accounts written by students about the perceived impact that integrated video is having on their learning; and (4) Direct observation of the use of integrated video in classroom lessons. The semi-structured interviews will generate qualitative data and quantitative data. The qualitative data will be in response to open-ended questions of a fill-in-the-blank nature. The quantitative data will be in the form of scaled responses to a 5-point Likert scale. Scaled responses…. [read more]

Integrating Ethical Use of Technology Term Paper

… One concept recently considered when trying to improve instructional technology is the "distribution of knowledge" theory. This is the idea of using technologies found at home and in other places to expand technology infusion beyond the walls of the classroom. If, for example, the typical electronic and computer games sold for enjoyment could be used for educational purposes, technology would truly become infused throughout the students' lives. The entire community could become involved in helping integrate technology for students. By dividing the technology experiences between classroom, workplace, home, and community, pedagogy is changed and improved. Learning occurs in all components of the student's life (Dede, 1996).

Imagine that you as a teacher have a student that is fortunate enough to be in a technology-rich classroom.…. [read more]

Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete Dissertation

… ¶ … Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete High School

Richard Wieringo

This case study explores the experiences of students with disabilities who have dropped out of high school, so as to identify related factors that led to their decisions. Participants will include both males and females who were designated as students with disabilities at Ridgeville High School (pseudonym for a Virginia high school) and who dropped out between their third and fourth years of high school, during the 2009 to 2012 academic school years. All participants will be between the ages of 18 and 21. The proposed research design is a phenomenological study to be conducted through the use of semi-structured interviews, journaling, and observation of the sample population, with the aim of…. [read more]

Education and Interactive Television -- Offers Language Instruction Thesis

… Education

Interactive Television

SCOLA ( offers language instruction delivered by interactive television to students around the world. These higher education programs offer the student the chance to interact with televised lessons, and if the local cable provider subscribes to SCOLA, students have access to the classes quite easily. The Kentucky Education Television section of Kentucky Public Broadcasting ( offers K-12 programs through interactive television around the state. They offer classes like electronic field trips, news quizzes, and specific classes on English, reading, etc. TWL Knowledge Group (TWLK) ( offers interactive television professional development courses in a variety of fields from Law Enforcement to Fire and Emergency. It makes sense to offer interactive television to these types of professionals, since they often have to work varied…. [read more]

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