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Knight Was "A Mounted Warrior Term Paper

… The French epic poem, the Song of Roland epitomized the life of a Knight. (Price, 1997)

Chivalry helped lessen the harshness of the warfare. For emphasis was laid on the courteous treatment of prisoners. Even so, kings, and nobles were held for ransom when captured, and the code of chivalry applied only between members of the noble, ruling class. They did not have to apply this code to the common people under them. The chief occupation of the nobles was warfare, so they seem to have thought nothing of the violence and bloodshed that accompanied it. A warrior was supposed to fight as hard as he could, and it was perfectly proper to burn the homes of the enemy and seize his possessions. The whole…. [read more]


Knights Templar Research Paper

… " The Knights' were even given exemptions from "ecclesiastical tithes," which was controversial at that time and brought the Knights' in conflict with many clergy of the Holy Land (Catholic Encyclopedia). Why did the clergy in the Holy Land object to the tax breaks for the Knights? Clearly, it was based on finances, because those exemptions from tithes (giving ten percent of one's earnings to the Church) led to a reduction of revenue to the churches in the Holy Land; in other words, it came down to being about money, in that sense.

And every time the clergy in the Holy Land tried to "…restrain the exorbitant privileges of the military orders" that gave the Knights much of their political power, the Catholic leaders in…. [read more]


Knights Templar Term Paper

… At that point the Templar Knights had no one to stand up and protect them. King Phillip was in such a place of authority that no one dared question him. It was said that "by eliminating the Templars in France, Phillip could at one stroke remove an autonomous, militant source of the church's power and influence, relieve his debts and fill his coffers with the order's confiscated wealth" (Stock, 4). With the Templars gone King Phillip could get out of debt by taking the money he confiscated from them and pocket that money as his own.

Phillip's Efforts Against the Templars

"In France, Phillip went ahead with unsanctioned trials, and confessions to these crimes were extracted by torture" (Stock, 4). The knights were considered very…. [read more]


Courtly Love -- the French Term Paper

… She has no desire this time to bear him any grudge. But rumor, which never rests but runs always unceasingly, again reaches the Queen to the effect that Lancelot would have killed himself for her sake, if he had had the chance. She is happy at the thought that this is true, but she would not have had it happen so for anything, for her sorrow would have been too great." (V 4441)

Like humans before the divine, Lancelot prostrates himself before the divine creature of the feminine ideal in "Knight of the Cart." Lancelot makes himself low, but also accomplishes greatness, because of his love for women. "In accordance with her [Guinevere's] wish, Lancelot swears by Holy Church that he will return without fail.…. [read more]


Chivalric Code Term Paper

… Chivalric Code refers to the code of behavior followed by the Medieval Knights in Europe during the middle ages. This code of behavior required a knight to display the highest standards of virtue such as courage, honor, justice, truthfulness, loyalty, protection of the weak, defense of the Church and reverence womanhood. Later, the influence of Christianity and courtly love broadened the chivalric code to include religious piety and refined social manners. The religious influence dictated that knights should fight for glory and Christian purposes and not for mere profit or gain. Courtly love required that a knight should woo a married or betrothed woman at court and try to win her favor by engaging in elaborate rituals. It encouraged the knights to acquire knowledge of…. [read more]


English Military Term Paper

… In 1066, the Normans invaded and conquered England. The Normans' great contribution to the English military was the castle. They began building the first castles there, and used them as bases from which to control the surrounding countryside. This also brought the art of siege warfare to its zenith. This changed the focus from a walled community surrounded by fields to a single massive structure surrounded by the farming peasants. In times of crisis the peasants would withdraw to the castle and wait out the enemy. Siege machinery was developed to try and overcome the great stone structures, such as catapults, ballistae and the dreaded trebuchet.

The next major development of the military was the use of gunpowder. The use of firearms and cannons began…. [read more]


Children's Book Term Paper

… Creative Story

In the year of our Lord 2012 CE, Mortheal, one of the last true paladins of light, ordered the King's armies; from the lowest of privates and including all ranks, even as high as the grizzled, old master-sergeant, to 'rank up'.

As he rode his armored warhorse, draped in the kings colors (with a mane of black and white) in front of his men, his shouted commands betrayed none of the concern he felt at the sight and sounds of the orc armies advancing quickly across the golden-green fields of grass fronting the gates of the fabled and revered stone castle.

He could have seen a sight far more disconcerting if he had been standing on top of the hewn stone structure from…. [read more]


Shape and to Create Essay

… William the Conquerer was a rule who made it clear that he was to be treated as one more powerful and more popular than the pope, and that even the pope's envoys needed to enter England with the permission of William and that same permission was needed in order for members of the papal group to publish.

While these moves might appear incredibly controlling, William was one of the people who was able to push England into being an ideal European nation, a nation that was simply better organized and more powerful. And part of these achievements were connected to the fact that he took power away from the papacy and some of their more archaic tendencies for ruling and controlling -- old fashioned regimes…. [read more]


King Richard I (Reigned 1189-99) Term Paper

… Thus military achievements in the deserts of Palestine or the plains of France would be reflected in the standing of crusader knights back at home in Kent, Yorkshire or Norfolk. It is clear that Richard played this game of patronage in a masterful way; if this had not been the case, he could hardly have retained the loyalty of his nobles during John's rebellion in 1193. He did retain their loyalty, despite being absent from his kingdom.

What of the achievements of Richard the Crusader? As a Christian King fighting to liberate the Holy Land of Palestine from the 'infidel' Richard was, literally, lionized. The bringing together of the characteristics held to be the most important for a medieval king -- fighting prowess, bravery and…. [read more]


Plays of British Dramatist, Pam Gems Dissertation

… Edith once engages two marines she meets in a pub in a menage a trois; it is possible, that the bartender formed the fourth of this group. There is no indication that Edith is particularly gifted in the art of making love. She just makes her self available as a willing sexual partner. Except with Marcel Cedran, the married boxer, Edith manages to dissociate physical pleasure from any emotional foundations. With Marcel, Edith is truly in love. But this union is not to be. Anecdotes abound, that Edith's jealous sister informs Marcel's wife of her husband's "philandering." Edith's sexual proclivities and escapades are not a manifestation of her femaleness. Her sexual nature transcends gender. It is a flaw in most superstars. In Edith's case, particularly,…. [read more]


Building Projects Six Essay

… Building Projects

Six Building Projects of the Carolingian Renaissance and the Crusades

Carolingian Renaissance:

Palatine Chapel in Aachen (AD 792 -- 805)

The Palatine Chapel in Aachen was built as part of Charlemagne's palaces. The palace was located north of the current city Aachen, and present-day sits in the German Land of North Rhine-Westphalia (Favier p. 286). Charlemagne belief was to have the Palatine Chapel in Aachen as a place of religious worship and also serve as a building of royalty for the king (Favier p. 502). The architect that was given the responsibility for constructing the Palatine Chapel in Aachen was Odo of Mete (Favier p. 502). Mete created the massive structure and may have been a magnificent architect of his time, unfortunately there…. [read more]


Crusaders and the Church Research Paper

… Crusaders and the Church

What has been the legacy of the Crusades? Were the Crusades a negative historical event or was there a positive side to these events? Given that the Crusades were politically motivated, and that there were intellectual and technological benefits to Europe, did the Crusades actually benefit the Christian movement? These issues and others will be critiqued in this paper.

What were the motivating factors of the Crusades?

In his book Norwich University professor of history John McCannon explains that medieval popes had the power to demand troops and financial resources in order to launch "holy wars" that were (and are) known as Crusades. These Crusades were fought in order to "convert nonbelievers to Catholicism, to crush Christian movements" that popes believed…. [read more]


Hip Hop Dance Term Paper

… Hip Hop Dance History

There are many changes that take place in societies and most of the changes take place due to the natures of the societies. Some of the changes are viewed to be new, but they are often revival of old traditions, and then it is very difficult to decide when the change really took place. Hip hop dance is one such matter and it started to be noticed only in the early 70s, and in that respect it is a new dance, but it also gave a freedom to all parts of societies to dance according to their desires. Thus it is very difficult to say that it is a new dance as self-expression is a part and parcel of the living…. [read more]


Just War" Theory Term Paper

… This foundation, although extending back to times prior to Europe's Middle ages, or renaissance period, exerted little influence over the wars which were common place on the European continent during the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries. The Just war theories, which have been described, are the products of modern man wrestling with the ethical and moral consequences of their actions when compared to a higher power, or an objective rule of law. Christianity and Christian principles caused both Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas to develop their treatises on a just war. And the conventions, such as Geneva and Hague, were also the results of civilized nations which sought to develop principles under which they would willingly abide. This political paradigm is unique to western civilization,…. [read more]

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