Viewing papers 1-30 of 105 for laboratory AND medicine AND in AND resource AND limited AND settings

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Translational Medicine Is a New Term Paper

… BI's ability should be managed towards exploring information on human medicine as its ultimate pursuit. Bioinformatics methods are meant to identify molecular and cellular areas or aspects for specific clinical interventions and better insights into the profile of the disease. Imaging informatics are designed to understand pathogenesis and identification of treatment from the molecular, cellular, tissue or organ level. Innovations are aimed at improving patient care by providing relevant information at the bedside. And public health informatics solutions address population-based needs. These needs may be the tracking of emergent infectious diseases, the development of resources as response; and the evaluation of the latest clinical interventions affecting the population (Sarkar).

Information Needs and Principles of Information Retrieval

Lancaster and Warner (1993 as qtd in Mendonca et…. [read more]

Laboratory Medicine in Resource Limited Settings Research Paper

… ¶ … Improving the Quality of Medical Laboratory Services in Resource-Limited Settings

The critical nature of emergency medical services in Saharan and Sub-Saharan Africa is paramount as development during the 21st century is poised to arouse Africa to harness its power to become a global economic player. The Aforementioned emergency care is akin to emergency medical response teams that can arrive on-site with an onsite laboratory where blood testing, transfusion (if blood packs are obtained), where diagnosis of communicable diseases via laboratory testing is essential.

However, there are many issues associated with the availability of on-site diagnosis or locality over a large geographic region where a stand-alone facility with microbiology laboratory and diagnostic department is available. Economic constraints limit the development of such a network…. [read more]

Medication Changes With Technology Term Paper

… This would entail CPOE to be linked to a comprehensive electronic medical record whilst nurses would administer the medications with smart pumps that would be reinforced with bar code point-of-care units that punctiliously contain all details of the patient's treatment. Spurlock et al. (2003) see this ideal system as ranging far ahead in the future.

However useful these technologies -- and they certainly are so - hospital and medical institutions can only benefit from them when skilled professionals employ them. And used carefully.


Spurlock, B. et al. (2003) Legislating Medication Safety: The California Experience. Convergence Health Consulting.

Health Information Technology (2009) Electronic medication administration records improved communication and decision-making in nursing homes

Institute of Medicine (2001). Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New…. [read more]

Biotechnology Business Focused on Charles River Laboratories Term Paper

… Biotechnology Business Focused on Charles River Laboratories

The biotechnology industry is relatively new, but is has been responsible for some of the most important scientific discoveries that have benefited humanity to date. A concomitant to these contributions by the biotechnology community, though, has been the increased use of animals that are bred specifically for this purpose, a practice that has been roundly criticized by animal rights activists and the general public alike in recent years. Despite these criticisms, though, the use of animals in scientific experimentation is a highly regulated practice, but even these safeguards fall far short of providing any ultimate protections for laboratory animals and calls for an end to the practice continue today. Nevertheless, laboratory animals are big business and the industry…. [read more]

Translating Biomedical Innovation / Mental Term Paper

… With the ethical compliance requirements not so transparent in the private sector and their primarily commercial interest in biomedical research leads to several problems. In a collaborative setting, conflicts of interest arise out of such a situation. For instance, as the authors state, a federal research employee "would have official responsibilities with an outside organization with which that employee has a financial interest or affiliation." This automatically puts them "in the position of having an official responsibility or action which could directly influence his or her own financial interests, or those interests which are imputed to him or her." [Raymond S. Fresko, Pg 106] In general, the ethical liability involved in privately funded embryonic research is all the more reason for the federal government to…. [read more]

Sports Science and Sports Medicine Term Paper

… (Patrick, 2003) This is known as neuromuscular training, these programs seek to enhance balance, body/joint awareness, movement technique and muscle strength, a mixture of biomechanics and physiotherapy. (Patrick, 2003)

When pro-basketball player/coach Korie Hlede tore an ACL five years ago, she began an ACL injury prevention routine that she follows religiously so as to prevent the injury from recurring. (Patrick, 2003) These routines are also followed by many professional and college teams, NCAA Division I women's college soccer players, Norway handball teams, all with significantly improved ACL injury statistics. (Patrick, 2003)

Another area that has developed increasingly in sports science is exercise physiology. It is specifically the study of how people respond to acute and chronic exposure to physical stress in a variety of environmental…. [read more]

Quality in the Clinical Microbiology Essay

… 1445. Standard: Laboratory Director Responsibilities

"Ensure that prior to testing patient's specimens, all personnel have the appropriate education and experience, receive the appropriate training for the type and complexity of the services offered, and have demonstrated that they can perform all testing operations reliably to provide and report accurate results. Ensure that policies and procedures are established for monitoring individuals who conduct pre-analytical, analytical, and post-analytical phases of testing to assure that they are competent and maintain their competency to process specimens, perform test procedures and report test results promptly and proficiently, and whenever necessary, identify needs for remedial training or continuing education to improve skills. Specify, in writing, the responsibilities and duties of each consultant and each supervisor, as well as each person engaged…. [read more]

Kemp Health Center Outsourcing Plan Term Paper

… The capability of the microbiology staff needs to be seriously assessed to help determine which tests will remain in-house. With the abundance of inaccurate tests it is important that only tests that the staff can effectively handle remain in-house. Incorrect interpretations result in flawed therapy. Physicians rely heavily on fast, accurate tests for disease prevention, diagnosis and prevention.

Cost and Quality also play a big role in making the decision to outsource. With the prevalence of inaccurate tests at KHC that impact quality and reduced reimbursement rates from insurance companies, outsourcing is an option that could possibly reduce the looming debt. For a community hospital as small as KHC, tests that are too complicated to be performed onsite, and those that are rarely ordered, should…. [read more]

Improving Patient Care Through Training Term Paper

… ¶ … Improving Patient Care through Training at the Department of Veterans Affairs

One of the requirements of a well-managed integrated quality assurance program in a tertiary healthcare setting is the publication and distribution of minutes from meetings of committees, boards, agencies and healthcare services or divisions. These minutes are required to be audited by other committees, boards, agencies and services to determine their impact, if any, on their operations and to identify opportunities for improving patient care. Unfortunately, many such groups fail to provide comprehensive minutes of their meetings in a timely fashion and in some cases, such minutes are not provided at all, an issue that directly relates to the needs assessment which is discussed further below.

Needs assessment:

The Department of Veterans…. [read more]

Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Is an Airborne Research Paper

… These highly resistant strains transmitted in the late 80s and early 90s were the W, W1, P, P and H. These were among the 8 clustered strains linked with hospital outbreaks in those years. DNA results showed that 10 out of 14 health care workers had one of these strains (Munsiff et al.).

A particular MDRTB strain was also found in a community of HIV-infected, homeless persons and drug users (Munsiff et al. 2002). At least 14 of them were identified and confirmed by genotyping. The strain was likely transmitted for many years among drug users frequenting drug dens in the area. These places were closed in the late 90s and the groups disbanded. Transmission was therefore interrupted but found in two patients between 1998…. [read more]

Obesity Among Adolescent Girls in Saudi Arabia Essay

… Adolescent Obesity in Saudi Arabia

Obesity in Saudi Adolescent Girls

Obesity is a serious health problem in any population, but it is of special concern in younger individuals. The longer a person is obese, the longer that person has potentially to suffer the negative health consequences of being overweight or obese. Thus when children or adolescents are obese, this condition must be considered seriously both by the individuals themselves (as well as by their families) and by health professionals. Given that obesity increases the health costs associated with treating an individual, the concern should be one that affects an even wider audience, that of public health officials,

One of the costs that every national government must contend with in the twenty-first century is that of…. [read more]

Direct to Consumer Advertising History Term Paper


The National Institute for Health Care Management, a nonprofit watchdog agency, estimated that expenditures in pharmaceutical advertising in the U.S. grew from an estimated $55 million in 1991 to $2.5 billion in 2001. While the numbers seem exponential, the Institute points out that the ads represented merely 16% of the entire budget for drug promotions in 2001. A historic perception perpetuated by the drug industry is that costs are driven by expenditures in research and development. This has been considered a valid argument, as advances in drug research are indeed beneficial to humanity. However, recent examination of the industry's expenditures indicates that marketing (34.4%), not R&D (13.7%), comprise the lion's share of the industry's operating expenditures.

Families USA is a nonprofit…. [read more]

Standardized Coding Systems Essay

… Standardized Coding Systems and Nursing Informatics

As the pace of technological progression increases at a seemingly exponential rate, with the introduction of computer mainframes in the 1980's having paved the way for cloud-based data storage and retrieval today, the field of nursing informatics has emerged in response to the flood of medication guidelines, patient histories, and diagnostic codes that a nurse must decipher during the course of their duties. A significant transformation is currently occurring within hospitals, community clinics, and pharmacies throughout the nation, as the healthcare delivery model shifts from traditional paper filing systems and handwritten medical charts to the implementation of the electronic health record (EHR), using electronic documentation (ED) to record patient interactions. In an article published in 2008 by the Online…. [read more]

Aviation Industry Flu Pandemic Outbreak Risk Thesis

… In case of the SARS outbreak in China the public transportation wasn't shut down but the amount of passengers decreased a lot as, people stopped using the public transportation to avoid getting infected. Similarly, trends of decrease in the number of employees was noted in the air transportation such as, the flights in Pacific Asia decreased by 45% as compared to the year before and there was a decrease of 69% in the flights between U.S. And Hong Kong (Brigantic et al., 2009).

However, it can easily be estimated from these above given scenarios that if an influenza pandemic did occur and stay for 12 to 36 months what would be the amount of damage that it would cause in the world…. [read more]

Contingency Management Alcohol Marijuana Studies Term Paper

… Contingency Management


The purposes of this review are to gain an understanding of the controlled studies using contingency management (CM) in the substance abuse field, and where applicable emphasize those studies that incorporate CM with community reinforcement approach (CRA). This paper should offer a critical review of the literature with an eye toward identifying important and unresolved theoretical and research questions. Logan (1972) holds that there is much evidence that animals also respond to operant contingencies with psychoactive substances.

The New York Times reports in the work entitled: "Toward a Behavioral Economic Understanding of Drug Dependence: Delay Discounting Processes" (2006) states that many times those who are addicted to alcohol or drugs do not stay clean because they either "won't go…. [read more]

Nature of Health Information Term Paper

… Nature of Health Information

The information needs of both physicians and nurses compare as well as contrast each other in a number of ways. Information access may take many forms ranging from looking up information on a computer or in a textbook, to formal subspecialty consults, to informal dialogues between healthcare professionals (McKnight, Stetson, Bakken, Curran, & Cimino, 2002, p.64).

The main question that the research set out to determine is the best way to deliver and retrieve data, that would be effective, contain less errors, and timely in nature (how long it takes to retrieve information and input information).Analysis has been done on several areas dealing within information. These areas of analysis include information need: satisfaction, communication, collaboration, and selected quality indicators. Physicians as…. [read more]

Healthcare Practices in Nursing Today Term Paper

… This is because hospital needs fluctuate, depending on the numbers, types, and individual responses of patients on a given day.

Management developed ways to attempt to predict nursing needs that were based on patient population. This type of patient classification system is a process where RNs document patient needs. Management then uses this documentation to standardize patient care and to predict the right mix of nursing personnel that is required for any particular patient population (White, 1988).

This particular management strategy requires a high level of utilization of RNs, because RNs are more highly educated and better at the documentation process required for patient classification systems to work. In addition, RNs are trained to participate in the process. This system is being widely utilized to…. [read more]

Practitioner in a Family Medical Case Study

… Testing is usually not necessary" (Kaneshiro, 2009). Symptoms of a brachial cleft cyst include: "Small pits, lumps, or skin tags at either side of the neck or just below the collarbone and fluid drainage from a pit on the neck" (Kaneshiro, 2009).

An iodine dye (contrast material) is generally used to make structures and organs easier to view on the CT pictures. "The dye may be used to check blood flow, find tumors, and look for other problems" (Healthwise Inc., 2009). Patient was given an intravenous iodine contrast. As many patients, she did report a metallic taste in her mouth from the IV.

No prescriptions were given at the original family clinic due to the nature of the branchial cleft cyst. Further studies on the…. [read more]

Crowdsourcing Techniques in Call Centers Dissertation

… [EXCERPT] . . . promising phenomenon that lends itself to call centers' ability to improve their own and their other business units' efficiency is the employment of crowdsourcing. Crowdsourcing is an online, distributed problem-solving and production model already in use by for-profit organizations such as Threadless, iStockphoto, and InnoCentive. Speculation in Weblogs and wisdom of crowds theory assumes a diverse crowd engaged in crowdsourcing labor. Crowdsourcing is the act of taking a job traditionally performed by a designated agent (usually an employee) and outsourcing it to an undefined, generally large group of people in the form of an open call. Furthermore, and as crowdsourcing is in some ways similar to open-source software production, prior research suggests that individuals in the crowd likely participate in crowdsourcing…. [read more]

Patent Law and Genetic Medicine Term Paper

… Human Stem Cell Medical - Legal Implications

How Do Legal Issues in Patent Law Shape Ethical Decision in Human Stem Cell Research?

Patent Law & Genetic Medicine

This work examines the issue of human stem cell research from the view of the medical profession with an eye on funding, the public perspective and legislation historically affecting and futuristically possible in relation to research of the human genome. Specifically this work takes a look a the patenting process and how it is disputable as to whether patenting the human genome is plausible and what consequences might exist in this patents. This work notes the veritable quietness of the legal community at large in relation to this medical research issue and while this document is of the…. [read more]

Aviation Accidents & Situational Awareness Dissertation

… High Reliability or Normal Accidents: A critical examination of situational awareness and its value in reducing human errors in aviation ground operations


The concept of situational awareness

Level 1 SA -- Perception Of The Elements In The Environment.

Level 2 SA -- Comprehension Of The Current Situation.

Level 3 SA -- Projection Of Future Status.

Situation Awareness Requirements

Theories of Situational Awareness

Three-level model

Interactive sub-systems

The perceptual cycle

Summary of the theories

Preparing for thematic synthesis


Qualitative assessment

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2001 There Was an Anthrax Research Paper

… Financial problem is the major factor. Unfortunately most of the states are going through a financial crisis and this has affected the preparedness programs. As much as these federal funds cannot displace the state funds, during these crises, other state funds are usually cut down. Insufficient funds however, seemed to have affected the preparedness efforts both in hospitals and local levels. This mostly affected the intensive areas like the examination systems.

Lack of a qualified workforce was another big issue that hindered preparedness. Most of the members of staff were not well trained and had not fully qualified for this work. The private workers also complained of low wages. The layoffs, salaries and hiring freezes are some of the problems that cause under staffing. This…. [read more]

Addressing the Issue of Medical Errors With Mandatory Reporting Systems and Computer Technology Term Paper

… Healthcare: Addressing the Issue of Medical Errors


Addressing the Issue of Medical Errors with Mandatory

Reporting Systems and Computer Technology

To combat the current crisis of deaths due to preventable medical errors the health care industry and lawmakers have taken two approaches. The first is the implementation of a system of mandatory reporting systems. The solution is to crate an atmosphere in hospitals that fosters less blame, not more, according to the IOM report. A blue-ribbon pane appointed by the IOM argues that the failure to acknowledge and analyze mistakes deprives hospitals of important information that could help prevent similar mistakes in the future. However, many in the healthcare industry argue that mandatory reporting of errors will foster an atmosphere of lawsuits and backlash…. [read more]

International Cooperative Healthcare Model Research Paper

… SLIDE 11

Cross-Border Program:

The national program works in concert with the cross-border program on several substantial initiatives. Securing training for healthcare workers is a prime goal of both the national and the cross-border programs. International agreements will be forged with several major teaching hospitals in the U.S. that will provide training in local hospitals. Siting the training in the local hospitals ensures that healthcare workers will be trained to use available equipment and facilities, thereby speeding up the time between commencement of training and the on-the-ground placement of workers in local settings. A second primary goal of the international program is the treatment of patients with complex and acute medical status in U.S. hospitals where adequate treatment cannot be achieved in national facilities. This…. [read more]

Multidisciplinary Dimension in Clinical System Management Term Paper

… Aramco Health Center is a private hospital which caters for patients from all walks of life. The institution is an also a teaching and referral hospital and provides a variety of services which include Cardiology, General medicine, surgery, Orthpaedic, Mental health, Rehabilitation, Emergency treatments and various forms of specialized treatments. Several types of Community health Services are also provided.

The health center has undergone a long and strategic redevelopment which has been targeted at the expansion of its key resources necessary for the hospital to fully meet the demand of resident of the surrounding suburbs. The health institution is equipped with about 300 beds that are sufficient to meet the demand of the community. The major departments that are targeted are Clinical Laboratory Science department,…. [read more]

Applied Management and Decision Sciences Thesis

… ¶ … management and decision sciences from various theorists; and, analyzes the evolution of managerial decision making from scientific management to the complicated forecasting models used today. The objectives of the Breadth component were four-fold: (a) to examine the theories of applied management and decision sciences as interpreted by the research of Ducker (1974), Harrison (1975), and others as listed in the reference section; (b) to analyze the historic evolution of decision making from scientific management to modern applications of operations research; (c) to examine the decision making process, with a particular emphasis on the importance of values and management judgment; and (d) to describe, assess, and evaluate various decision evaluation tools including matrix analysis, influence diagrams, payoff matrices, sensitivity analysis, decision tree, probabilistic forecasting,…. [read more]

Legal and Scientific Review of MRI to Determine Innocence in Cases Term Paper

… ¶ … MRIs



The objective of this work is to research the use of MRIs in court cases and specifically related to the social consequences of the advance in neuroscience, the legal problems and legal perspectives of this use.

Historically, there have been many folk tales that point the way to discerning whether an individual is telling the truth or whether that individual is in fact lying. The most popular method in detecting lies was developed in the 1930s and is the polygraph machine however; the accuracy of this method is disputed widely. A new method of detection which is called 'brain fingerprinting' looks at the brainwaves of a subject to see if specific…. [read more]

Personal Statement: My Motivation Towards Becoming a PA Admission Essay

… I have also served in various positions of responsibility, with most of the said responsibilities giving me an opportunity to work closely with physicians in the delivery of quality care to patients. These roles are highlighted in my resume.

I believe that my personality, experiences, and disposition fit perfectly with the role of a physician assistant. I truly love emergency medicine and the fast-paced nature of such an environment. Further, I am also cognizant of the fact that to succeed as a PA, I ought to be a quick thinker and possess excellent eye coordination. These are qualities that have been tested in my previous engagements, as has been pointed out in my resume. It is for this reason that I would like to be…. [read more]

Computers Used by Nurses Research Paper

… Electronic patient record

It is UHN's standard Clinical Desktop which gives healthcare professionals with immediate access to integrated patient records available in real time. EPR can operate with more than one patient record at a time as well as access to other applications such as the Internet, Intranet, Virtual Library and GRASP.

The EPR is the hub of the patient record. It is used for order entry of medications (TGH and TWH), labs, and radiology and displays results. The online admission assessment can be launched or reviewed in the EPR.

Nursing internet

The Corporate Nursing Internet gives precious information about University Health Network (UHN) to the world. The Nursing Internet site provides UHN and chance to profile nursing practice, education and research to the whole…. [read more]

Existence and Use of Mainstream and Classical Motivation Theories in the Turkish Businesses Multiple Chapters

… Motivation Theories in Turkey Textile Tactics

Motivation Theories

turkey textile tactics

The News Reports

Area of Study

Organization of Study

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs


Self-Perception Theory

Goal Setting Theory

Motivation in Factories

Potential for Pursuing Empirical Research


Discussion of Results in relation to Objectives.

Discussion of those in relation to Survey Results

Discussion of these in relation to the Theory.

Discussion of Interviews


Four Components of Empirical Research

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Conditions Affecting Goal Effectiveness

Table 2: Maslow's Hierarchy and Descriptions of Needs



"Turkey's textile industry, which began in small shops in 1960,

has rapidly evolved and transformed Turkey into a global competitor"

("Turkey exports 20 bln…" 2010 ¶ 8).

The…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.