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Learning Theories When Compare Principles Essay

… One of the theories of learning that would be used in this scenario is the Adult Learning Theory. The students under evaluation are undergraduate nursing students who have working experience. This means that the students being evaluated in this case are adults. The skill being tested is physical assessment which is usually the first procedure during the treatment process. The nurse has to capture all the information from the patient evaluation. The use of visual symptoms identification, to examine the patient is one of the skills that the nursing staff needs to perfect to accurate identification of symptoms (Nasuti, York, & Henley, 2003).

The theory is applicable as the student has experience required to conduct the physical examination. The student can use the information used…. [read more]


Learning Theories and Models Research Paper

… Also, consistent with developmental theory, he did not regard all learners as blank slates, but believed that past social influences had an impact upon learning. The sociability of individuals had an innately positive effect in most instances, as children could learn a great deal from modeling others in their peer group and elsewhere. This person is known as the more knowledgeable other (MKO) and can help the child learn and move beyond the zone of proximal learning (McLeod 2007). In the workplace, this is often an older, official mentor rather than a teacher.

Humanistic theories of learning, in contrast, stress that learning itself is not necessarily the goal of instruction. Rather, learning itself should be a rewarding process, not the gold stars emphasized by behaviorism.…. [read more]


Albert Bandura's Environmental Learning Theory Term Paper

… [EXCERPT] . . . learning theories with a focus on Albert Bandura and his development of the environmental learning theory. The writer then explores the developmental theory, the environmental theory an the cross over between the two. The final focus of this paper is to explain how Bandura's theories and beliefs dovetail with the author's theories and teaching approach.



Since the inception of public education in America students have entered classrooms in which teachers used not only curriculums but also various learning theories and philosophies with which it impart those curriculums to them. Whether the grade was kindergarten or senior in high school each teacher brings forth their personal teaching theory and practice that they hope will help cement not only the…. [read more]


Learning Theory Essay

… However, these concepts differ with regards to their focus i.e. pedagogy is defined as a set of teacher-centered beliefs whereas andragogy is a concept that was developed to demonstrate the differentiate childhood learning and adult learning. This implies that pedagogy explains leaning in childhood based on the beliefs of a teacher while andragogy refers to the learning of the teacher or leader (Knowles, Holton & Swanson, 2011).

Since it's based on empiricism, andragogical techniques are application to talent development by providing the basis with which a novice would learn from an expert or professional. Andragogical methods are applied to talent development on the basis that learners respond to certain external motivations and the intrinsic need for growth and improvement. Through these methods, the adult learners…. [read more]


Learning Theories to Current Education Research Paper

… The students who experienced peer models perform best on a subtraction post-test, as well reported greater confidence in their subtraction ability. The outcome were interpreted as backing up the hypothesis that supposed correspondence of the model to the learner raise in self-efficacy, resulting to more efficient learning of modeled behaviors. It is believed that peer modeling is specifically effective for students who posses low self-efficacy.

Over the decade that has passed, a lot of research activity in educational psychology has concentrated on developing self-regulated learning (SRL) and metacognition theories. These theories operates from the central premise that effectual learners are active agents who create knowledge by setting goals, analyzing duty, planning strategies and keeping eye on their understanding. Research has showed that learners who are…. [read more]


Learning Theories in 2009-2010 Term Paper

… Learning Theories

Jones, Wendell

By the end of the 19th and turn of the 20th century, researchers became fascinated by the differences in learning styles and concepts. This was perhaps a logical reaction to Darwinism, to scientific discovery, and to the realization that in the contemporary world, individuals expressed cognition in different ways. One of the key elements in the ongoing debate uncovering learning theory is the difference between empirical and theoretical learning (Theories of Behavior, 2008). Empirical learning is based on a process. That process compares a number of individually different objects, picks out their observable characteristics. Based on this, one formulates a general concept about this particular kind of object. This type of learning is typical for younger children, preschoolers and the like,…. [read more]


Learning Theory Several Theories Term Paper

… Learning Theory

Several theories are suggested for the best way to help students learn in a classroom setting, such as constructivism, brain-based learning, attribution theory, emotional intelligence and multiple intelligences. There is also the concept of "learned helplessness" that places a barrier on learning. It is important for teachers to consider each one of these methods and how if fits into their own educational gestalt. The students need to be motivated to gain as much knowledge as possible, yet the teacher has to feel comfortable about that style of learning to attain the maximum results.

The theory of constructivism (Piaget, 1950) is based on observation and scientific research and the way that people learn. It recognizes that individuals construct or build their own understanding and…. [read more]


Learning Theory and Its Implications Term Paper

… To summarize the new paradigm has caused some important points for discussion. "Key markers" serve to identify and distinguish the new information age paradigm of instructional theories from the old industrial age paradigm.

Industrial Age Information Age

Standardization Customization

Centralized control Autonomy with accountability

Adversarial relationship Cooperative relationship

Autocratic decision making Shared decision making

Compliance Initiative

Conformity Diversity

One way communication Networking

Compartmentalization Holism

Parts-oriented Process-oriented

Teacher as "King" Learner (customer)

All of these key markers could be instructional theories that should provide guidance for customizing learning for each learner, as against the idea that "one size fits all" instruction. They also provide guidance to give learners initiative and responsibility for their personal learning while providing support that makes the learning process effective, efficient and…. [read more]


Learning Theories Classical Conditioning Essay

… The taste of a warm chocolate cookie fresh from the oven, together with an ice-cold glass of milk, is a very powerful positive reinforcement for cookie-seeking behavior at any age. However, if running into a kitchen with a hot oven full of baking cookies is considered unsafe behavior, then this could be discouraged through negative punishment. The negative punishment imposed in this case might be no cookies and milk.

An example of negative reinforcement would be a professor stating that a final examination would not be required for any student who is able to get an A on all quizzes and tests during the semester. Such a strategy would be designed to encourage student participation and exceptional performance during the semester, by removing the negative…. [read more]


Experiential Learning Theory Essay

… (Kolb, 2013) ("Motivational Theory," 2013)

Out of these experiences are when various learning style are developed. The most notable include: accommodators, assimilators, convergers and divergers. This accommodator is looking for the significance of the learning experience and how others have utilized key concepts. The assimilator is someone who wants accurate, the organized delivery of information provided by the educator. (Kolb, 2013) ("Motivational Theory," 2013)

The converger is looking for the usefulness of applying specific ideas as a part of their thinking. The diverger likes concrete information in order to explore what certain theories have to offer and if the information makes sense to them utilizing logic / common sense. These different categories are showing how the experiential learning is shaping the way people look at…. [read more]


Cognitive Social Learning Theory Research Paper

… Cognitive Social Learning Theory

Social learning theories came into sight along with behavior and learning tradition. These theories were well-demonstrated by three renowned psychologists i.e. Albert Bandura, Julian Rotter and Walter Mischel. However, the three great theorists have not followed the reactive mechanical model of behavior introduced by Skinner who has viewed the individual/person as an agent or instigator of experience. Instead, they have reestablished internal cognitive variables including a person's "subjective interpretation of the environment, into the stimulus-response formula (S-R)" (Engler, 2009).

Albert Bandura was the one who developed social cognitive theory as "a versatile model of psychosocial functioning that highlights the human capacity for self-regulation" (Lent & Brown, 1996). It was a framework for the analysis of human stimulus, thinking, and act and…. [read more]


Teaching and Learning Theories Research Proposal

… Learning Theories

The educational field provides access to a variety of learning theories, many of them offshoots or modifications of previously popular stratagems of learning styles. Numerous studies have been conducted to verify, justify or analyze these theories and their potential usage in the U.S. educational system. Many of these studies have provided educators with more than a little knowledge on how to approach their own particular style of pedagogy, instructing and teaching.

Espin, C.A.

One such study was conducted by Espin, Cevasco, van den Broek, Baker and Gersten to determine the quality and nature of a group of student's comprehension of history. Their abstract states; "we explore whether cognitive-psychological theories developed to capture the comprehension of narrative text can be used to capture the…. [read more]


Learning Theories Play a Large Term Paper

… It would be advantageous of 21st century schools to incorporate observational learning software into school curriculums because it will allow students to acquire computer skills while they are also acquiring skills related to reading or math.

Conclusion

The purpose of this discussion was to discuss how a selected learning theory influences curriculum. For the purposes of this discussion, we focused on Social (observational) learning theory. Our research contained a discussion of the learning theory, a description of how it affects curriculum design, and thoughts on the use of the theory in the 21st century schools. We found that the social learning theory was established by Albert Bandura. We also found that observational learning theory argues that behaviors modeled by others are often duplicated. This theory…. [read more]


Learning Theories Research Proposal

… Learning Theories

Abstract, Learned Phenomena

Unlearned Phenomena

Methods of Assessing Learning

Transfer of Knowledge, Skills, Strategies

Vygotsky Views

B.F. Skinner

Albert Bandura

Cognition and Learning

Prominent Theories of Learning

Contextual Influences

Strategies and Metacognition

Self-Regulation in Learning

Motivation

Having knowledge of learning theories and is an imperative in today's teaching environment. This paper introduces, critiques and reviews a number of learning theories and strategies from some well-known and some not-so-well-known scholars and educators. But the key to the issue of learning theories is for a teacher (and a student that is truly motivated) to implement any one or a blend of several to meet the appropriate classroom challenge.

Instances of Learned Phenomena:

In music, when a person achieves an "absolute pitch" that is a learned…. [read more]


Learning Theory Thesis

… Social Learning Theory

Learning Theory

The importance of social learning and that way that the social context enables and facilitates learning processes such as motivation, imitation, reinforcement and self-efficacy has become an central theoretical concern in contemporary education. The field of social learning theory has many well-known and respected scholars, such as Alfred Bandura and others who have suggested the importance of this theory in terms of learned behavior patterns such as aggression, especially among young children.

Social learning theory achieved certain predominance over more behaviorist models of learning in the latter part of the last century. However, this theory has also been critiqued for overemphasizing the social components of learning. Many critics suggest that the biological and genetic aspects of the learning process, as…. [read more]


Learning Theory Researchers Term Paper

… Learning Theory

Researchers have suggested a number of different theories to explain the process of learning. From the late 19th century and the early 20th centuries to present times, psychologists and other scholars have been interested in the acquisition of knowledge and behavioral patterns.

There are several learning theories, three primary ones. The first concept of learning is behaviorist or classical conditioning, where a conditioned stimulus leads to a conditioned response, even when the unconditional stimulus is missing. The second form of learning is called operant or instrumental, where a response is learned because it leads to a specific result or reinforcement; it is fortified every time it is reinforced. Positive reinforcement fortifies a response when given afterwards and negative reinforcement strengthens a response if…. [read more]


Learning Theory Often, Learning Theories Is Mixed Term Paper

… Learning Theory

Often, learning theories is mixed up with other educational theories or concepts. Learning theory is concerned with the manner in which learning occurs, while instructional design deals with how to teach, and curriculum design summarizes what is to be imparted for teaching. Moreover, learning theory is valuable for comprehending as to why a particular instructional technique functions or might function and helps in the growth of individual philosophy towards instruction. A lot of ideas of learning theories instantly hold good in case of training, the instructional environment, cognitive-processing variations among an expert and a greenhorn, and transfer of learning. It is crucial to familiarize learning theories to that of the business conditions and apply reason and discrimination to choose and employ the most…. [read more]


Learning Theories You Selected Term Paper

… The instance of BPD can be extended to numerous other instances. Realizing that personality disorders have cultural histories can help nurses become more emphatic, open-minded, and less rigid in their approach.

Critical pedagogy has connotations that are similar to social constructionism in that it also attempts to make the individual reflect on and critique his learning and come to the assumption that many of his or her ways of thinking are socially formed. The primary difference with critical pedagogy, however, is that it orbits around the concept of 'oppression' arguing that certain powerful individuals in society have placed themselves on top and, by doing so, demoted others to subservient, inferior positons by categlorizingt them with erroneous, humiliating constructs. Instances here extend to social treatment of…. [read more]


Application of Albert Bandura's Social Learning Theory in Humanistic and Radical Adult Education Term Paper

… ¶ … Albert Bandura's Social Learning Theory in Humanistic and Radical Adult Education

As an educational theory that seeks to explain learning as a concept, the social learning theory is predicated on the notion that human beings learn by observing and imitating others who may be their peers, their relatives, or simply anybody around their vicinity. According to this theory, by observing the behaviors or actions taken by other people, a person can be induced to modify their behavior with the aim of achieving, or, in some cases, avoiding the experiences and consequences faced by the model (Newmann & Newmann, 2007; Bandura, 1997; Bandura & Walters, 1963; Miller & Dollard, 1941; Lien, 1999). This behavioral orientation, to a very large extent, is perceived by some…. [read more]


Learning Theories Behavioral Learning Theory Information Processing Term Paper

… ¶ … Learning Theories

Behavioral Learning Theory

Information processing theory

Social cognitive theory

Constructivist learning theory

Postulate: Constructivist theory applies best to teaching for the construction trades

This paper covers four learning theories and the descriptors which are associated with each. The paper will discuss behavioral learning theory (operant conditioning), information processing theory, social cognitive theory, and constructivist learning theory. Each section will discuss the theory, identify its strengths and weaknesses, and give examples of how they are applied.

This author has chosen constructivist theory in a building trades teaching environment. After a review of the above theories, the author will advance the case that constructivist learning theory best fits the class and the author's personal teaching style.

Behavioral Learning Theory

Behavioral learning theory originated…. [read more]


Learning and Teaching Identify Essay

… This is especially important with habit-forming drugs like painkillers and the like (Kreitner & Luthans, 1984).

Behaviorist - Decrease

A behaviorist approach to DECREASE a behavior would be the inverse of the last paragraph but would obviously manifest differently. The current behavior that is not desirable could be documented and explained and it could then be shown and proven through family members or others in the same precise predicament that their actions and behaviors have caused them great harm and then this could be compared to people that faced the same dilemma and made the right choice. For example, a type II diabetes patient that is near death due to their bad choices could be compared to someone who technically has type II diabetes but…. [read more]


Psychodynamic Theory, Learning Research Paper

… These aspects of learning theory provide valuable insights into how and why adults best learn in the workplace, including group members assigned new tasks (Kenner & Wienerman, 2011).

Social Exchange Theory

Propounded by Homans (1961), social exchange theory is based on the notion that, "Social exchange occurs when one is attracted to another in expectation of reward due to that association. Individuals' social exchanges are anchored in self-interest and characterized by interdependency, the terms of which may be defined by psychological contract" (Turnipseed & Wilson, 2009, p. 201). These types of dyadic exchanges typically involve some type of reward that allows group members to work better (Turnipseed & Wilson, 2009). Social exchange theory has been used by human resource practitioners to improve employee performance, enhance…. [read more]


Dispositional and Learning Theory Essay

… " (Carver and Scheier, 2000)

III. Role of Personality in Situational Learning

The personality as it affects situational behavior can be understood as individuals behaving "according g to the reciprocity of environmental, cognitive and behavioral conditions." (Carver and Scheier, 2000) The dispositional learning theory holds that the individual's personality combined with their previous experiences will contribute toward the individual's behavior in a certain situation. The individual's personality 'disposition' within the framework of dispositional learning theory is such that holds that the individual's personality traits will determine the capacity of and method of learning that best suits that specific individual upon the basis of the individual personality traits of the individual. For example, the individual who is meticulous when compared to the individual who is largely…. [read more]


Social Learning Theory Albert Bandura Thesis

… Social Learning Theory

The Father of Social Learning Theory

Albert Bandura's "Social Learning Theory" represents one of the most important additions to the social sciences and an understanding of human behavior. Built on the foundation of early behaviorists, Bandura's theory discards the one size fits all attitude to human motivation that characterized its early roots. Bandura proposed that individual differences determine motivation and that the affects of an individual have reciprocal affects on others. The following will discuss these theories and the importance of them on modern social sciences. It will support the thesis that Bandura's Social Learning Theory is important in the field of social work today. It will support the concept that a social worker must keep the tenets of social learning theory…. [read more]


Personal Learning Theory Term Paper

… ¶ … personal learning theory. The author incorporates the works of Albert Bandura to explain the elements of the learning theory and how it is incorporated into the classroom practice. There were six sources used to complete this paper.

When I first decided to become a teacher I made the decision because I loved to learn and I loved helping others learn as well. When I entered high school I knew that my life goal was to become a teacher and be able to walk into a classroom every day and help others move ahead in their personal quest for education. I was not sure what grade level I wanted to teach but thought I would probably enjoy the elementary years the most. When I…. [read more]


Curriculum Design Selected Learning Theory Impact Term Paper

… Curriculum Design

Selected Learning Theory

Impact on Curriculum Design

The objective of this work is to describe how a selected learning theory impacts curriculum design. Included will e a discussion of the learning theory "Humanistic: A. Combs and D. Snygg" and how it impacts curriculum design and the use of this theory in the 21st Century schools.

Combs and Snygg presented a theory in 1949 which is known as "Perceptual Psychology" which has been described as follows: "Human beings and their behavior is a function of perception or in other words "human behavior is a function or expression or a more or less organized field of perceptions, meanings, values, beliefs, understandings, thoughts, and feelings encompassing the entire universe (including a sense of self) experienced by…. [read more]


Psychological Learning Theories Essay

… Psychological Learning Theories

There are many theories of learning behavior that can be applied to classroom management successfully, and that are currently used in classrooms and are applied to learning, motivation and behavior. Though many teachers have adopted many of the principles of classical and operant conditioning, few would actually describe their techniques as a form of conditioning. Having studies conditioning and psychology with regard to learning, I have made a concerted effort in the classroom to use conditioning to engage students in positive behaviors through association and other classical methods.

Among the more common theories and models related to learning and classroom management include Canters', Dreikurs', Glasser's, Pavlov, Thorndike and Gordon's which are largely used "during pre-service teacher training session" (Tauber, 1999: 41). I…. [read more]


Adult Learning Theory Twenty-First Century Essay

… Some of the most important points that appear to help instructors working with such students include the discussion of the involvement of the context of work experience, the awareness of limited (or dated) formal education, and the incorporation of non-traditional learning methods.

It seems that using the context of adult working experience would be useful for adult learners, many of whom have a fair amount of experience learning as it relates to their jobs. An excellent example of this fact is the reference in the latter article of comparing the writing from an academic source to that in an instruction manual, to help students see the differences between the two (Kenner and Weinerman, 2011, p. 91-92).

It is also useful for instructors to remember that…. [read more]


Transformative Learning Theory in the Practice Article Review

… Transformative Learning Theory in the Practice of Adult Education:

One of the most powerful tools that have developed in the adult education field in understanding how adults learn is transformative learning. This aspect has attracted both researchers and practitioners from various theoretical persuasions and practice settings. Nonetheless, transformative learning is a complicated concept that provides significant hypothetical, practical, and moral challenges. According to an individual's theoretical perspective, the meaning of transformative learning and how it's effectively promoted within formal learning settings differs considerably. Educators of transformative learning are not necessarily involved in teaching content that is considerably different from increased instrumentally-oriented educators.

Since adult education is geared towards promoting critical consciousness among people and groups, the learning process helps adults to cultivate an increased understanding…. [read more]


Traditional Learning Theories Essay

… Traditional Learning Theories

Behaviorism, constructivism, and cognitive theories of learning

Behavioral theories of learning tend to view the learning process as a skill-based enterprise. The fundamentals of behaviorist theories of learning emphasize "breaking down the skills and information to be learned into small units, checking student's work regularly and providing feedback as well as encouragement (reinforcement)" (Chen, 2010, Behavioral theories). Behaviorism emphasizes rewarding desirable behaviors and not rewarding or actively punishing negative behaviors, much like the originator of behaviorism, BF Skinner rewarded rats learning to run a maze correctly. Although no teacher today would use such a blatant method of rewards and punishment as Skinner, the influence of behaviorism can be seen in many teacher-centered methods of learning and assessment. "Lectures, tutorials, drills, demonstrations, and…. [read more]

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