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Lives of Female Saints in the Middle Term Paper


The Lives of Female Slaves in the middle Ages

Introduction paragraph

The life of saints, especially female saints in the medieval ages draws attention from scholars, art critiques, and philosophers alike. This interest draws from the rich sources of art, written texts, and artifacts in national, religious, and private collections across the globe. Analysis of these artifacts is based on scholarly dimensions of philosophy, religion, sociology, culture, literature, law, or language. Of interest for this research is the Burges' late 15th century painting, "The Life and Miracles of Saint Godelieve," for it depicts events and saints.

Paragraph on problem statement

The research uses this artwork as a source…. [read more]

Middle East Fashion Capital: Beirut Lebanon Dissertation

… They also provide funding and in some instances they collaborate with locals to establish creative businesses or industries back home. The country also has a specific association to develop funding for culture-based businesses and initiatives. This organization and the other factors explained for it show that culture is being taken seriously in the country and that there are many stakeholders who are already actively involved in trying to improve the already-amazing culture of the country. It is safe to conclude that the future is looking bright in terms of culture. 

The capital of the Lebanon is Beirut. It is also the largest city and the commercial center of Lebanon. The city has an international airport and road and rail links to all parts of…. [read more]

Women's Choice Lead a Celebate Thesis

… There are few exceptional cases in which women are given the main role or which place the female biblical presence in a positive light, however they fail to compensate the male domination of the biblical text, especially seeing that today's society is rather reluctant to see the woman above her condition of worldly flesh. For instance, Mary Magdalene and The Virgin Mary are representative figures for expressing the sanctity of women in the Bible. Nonetheless, the modern society fails to perceive them and to acknowledge their contribution to the spiritual heritage of the world; rather, the society today tends to regard them still only in their capacity of women serving Jesus, God or their men.

The above could be seen as one of the reasons…. [read more]

David Berkowitz Story Research Paper

… David Berkowitz, known as "Son of Sam," is one of the most notorious serial killers in American history. He had a troubled life and he clearly had psychological problems, but his legacy is that of a cold blooded killer in New York City. This paper reflects on his biography and his life and crimes, and this paper offers some theories of criminality that are potentially linked to Berkowitz's behaviors.

The Literature on Berkowitz's Life and Crimes

David Berkowitz was born with the name Richard David Falco on the first of June in 1953 in New York City. His mother, Betty Falco, and her original husband were divorced but Betty Falco gave birth to a son with Joseph Klein, a married man who had an affair…. [read more]

Enlightenment on American Culture and Political Life Essay

… ¶ … Enlightenment on American Culture and Political Life

The impact that the Enlightenment had on American culture is significant. In fact the American society that "evolved and is dominant today -- including the democratic ideals, capitalism and the scientific method -- all "derive from the Enlightenment ideals formulated in England" (Jandt, 2007, p. 184). The emphasis that Americans have on individual liberties and the dominant language in America and the structure of law were the result of the Enlightenment, Jandt explained (184). The author asserts that values related to democracy -- including separation of powers (executive, legislative and judicial) -- derived from the French philosopher Montesquieu, prominent in the French Enlightenment.

Professor Robert Morse Crunden -- with the University of Texas -- explained that…. [read more]

Northern and Southern California Gender Term Paper

… Although English rather than French in her tale's extraction as well, Cecelia Penifader, a resident of an English manor house, also showed how owning property, as well as social status, could transcend gender's stifling influence upon female life in the Middle Ages.

Despite this evident reality, hidden in the narrative plot if not manifest in the rhetoric of Chretien de Troyes, and over in the lived reality of Penifader of Brigstock's experience, the "Life of St. Louis" showed a saint whose goodness was evidenced in the fact that from the time of his childhood he was said to have loved chastity and forgone the company of all women, except his mother and with his sisters, and even that only rarely. Even earthly obligations that should…. [read more]

High Degree of Misinformation Essay

… Discuss the changes.

Prior to taking this course, in many ways I considered Christianity to be a static religion. I had not given thought to the notion that Christianity changed rapidly in the first few centuries of its practice. I noticed several critical changes in the practice of Christianity in the first century AD and its later practice. The first change was the idea of a Christ centered church with Jesus as the only leader. The second change was the idea of a church with multiple elders to focusing power on a single leader. The third change was the idea that church leadership should remain local to the shifting of power to leaders located away from the church's physical area. The fourth change was a…. [read more]

Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages Essay

… In fact, the authors emphasize on the respect for the clergy in several visions. Nevertheless, the collected revelations acquired at Helfta illustrate a female-led community in which Gertrude is sometimes understood to assume quasi-priestly roles.
On several occasions, the authors point to Christ who appears to her often as a happy baby or a handsome man. The idea was popularized in the 14th and 15th-century devotion. This account assures Gertrude that Christ would undoubtedly supply whatever she promises in his name. In revelation, this power offered to Gertrude is not as most authors illustrate it; to comfort the undeserving person (Lawrence, 2015). However, it was so that her sisters would share in what Christ has offered to all. More so, the authors allude that for…. [read more]

Fashion, Lifestyle, and Consumption and Their Influence on Identities Essay

… This is because they present the values of the traditional societies and have an inherent meaning of the society. Fashion designers often pick on these traditional values and dressing and put them into a piece of attire that creates the national identity.

Scholars have argued that the contribution of the different cultures of a country into the national identity created in fashion is important in the acceptance of the garments overall. By excluding other communities or groups, the fashion designer will be taking a position about the national identity that often negatively affects the acceptance. However, there is need to balance the societies, communities or groups because including too many will bring a conflict in the fashion attire. One solution to this is the African…. [read more]

Clare of Assisi Saint Research Paper

… She believed in the "liberating power of humility and poverty" -- definitely not a modern idea -- and her main preoccupation was not life in this world but the next (Anderson 83).

Clare can only be understood in the context of this 13th Century religious reform movement, which was a very different world from the present. She thought that the saints and martyrs had "often included examples of women preaching, governing and healing" in imitation of Christ (Anderson 84). In this era the church was greatly concerned about corruption and worldliness in its ranks at all levels, and this would grow even worse in the centuries ahead. Clare, Francis and other reformers like the Waldensians advocated a return to the purity, simplicity, poverty and charity…. [read more]

Botticelli's Birth of Venus Essay

… In a near complete reversal, Venus is entirely free, outside in nature and although she is attended by both male and female figures, they remain at a large enough distance so that Venus' agency or freedom is never called into question.

Art is necessarily informed by the context of its creation and reception, and this is made clear when considering the differing representations of women in Duccio di Buoninsegna's Virgin and Child Enthroned Amidst Angels and Saints and Sandro Botticelli's The Birth of Venus. Whereas the former painting represents a transitional period, dominated by the Church but nonetheless adapting and changing methods of representation, the latter represents the ascendancy of humanism during the Renaissance. Duccio's Mary is still entrapped in the objectified role given to…. [read more]

Roman Catholicism Thesis

… Roman Catholicism

According to many Roman Catholics, the history of Catholicism is the history of Christianity. This claim may not be that farfetched, since the Roman Catholic Church was fully functioning as a church by the middle of the first century, near the advent of Christianity. Roman Catholics believe that Jesus "assigned to Peter the responsibility of establishing the Christian church. Peter traveled to Rome where he was the first pope. At his death, his work was continued by a continuous succession of popes." (Robinson). Catholics believe that "Jesus' Apostles ordained bishops, who in turn ordained the next generation of bishops" in a tradition that continues today, so that each modern ordained bishop can trace his line of succession back to Jesus. (Robinson). Jesus was…. [read more]

Gender in Fowles and Mcewan Essay

… But it is also a class marker -- we may note that the introduction of women into the fine arts was to a large degree accomplished by the Bloomsbury Group, whose women (including Virginia Woolf, Vanessa Bell, Dora Carrington and Margery Fry) were able to lead lives of "bohemian" artistic liberation largely because they came from a social class higher than Miranda's own. Miranda instead seems more like the later cliche of art student as out of touch bourgeois who art entails something out of touch with proletarian reality: not unlike the female art student depicted in precisely those terms by Jarvis Cocker in "Common People" at a much later date (which I invoke not for its literary value, but for its ability to register…. [read more]

Women in Monasticism Famous Term Paper

… Among those who visited the monastery was Eudocia, the wife of Theodosius II and she referred to Melanie as 'my Mother'. (The beginning of Female Monasticism) Thus these institutions built up the reputation of the church.

Among the modern, and connected to the English speaking believers, was Christina. Christina suffered persecution from her family for the stand that she took. She had to escape and run away, to stay with a nearby anchoress, Alfwen, and hide there for two years. After that incident, she took refuge with a monk named Roger, at St. Albans. This was a continuation in hiding to escape her family and Burthred, the man she was betrothed to. Finally, the Archbishop of York gave her protection and then she took up…. [read more]

Early Influences on Joseph Smith and Origins of the Book of Mormon Term Paper

… Joseph Smith and the Book Of Mormons

Joseph Smith, Jr. was the fourth child of Joseph Sr. And Lucy Smack and born in Sharon, Vermont on December 23, 1805. The Smith family lived under arduous and unstable financial circumstances that compelled them to move in and around New England several times in those years (Wikipedia 2004). One of Joseph's legs got seriously infected when he was 7 years old and the doctors wanted to amputate it but the Smiths refused. He later recovered but he had to use crutches for several years and limped for the rest of his life (Wikipedia).

His parents both indulged in mysterious habits. His father, Joseph Sr., engaged in treasure hunting, witchcraft and superstition, while his mother was superstitious and…. [read more]

Joan of ARC's Spiritual and Military Leadership Term Paper

… Joan of Arc's spiritual and military leadership helped to inspire a demoralized king and nation to rise up against the English

Joan of Arc's Spiritual and Military Leadership Helped to Inspire a Demoralized King and Nation Rise up Against the English Nobility is Deus pro-nobis, quis contra nos? (if God is for us, who is against us?) -- Romans 8:31

Few young women in history have attracted as much attention from the historians as Joan of Arc. According to Dumas (1970), "There are few people nowadays who would dispute the spiritual stature of Joan of Arc, one of the most remarkable women who has ever lived, although over five centuries after her death there is still no common agreement as to the exact nature and…. [read more]

Plays of British Dramatist, Pam Gems Dissertation

… Edith once engages two marines she meets in a pub in a menage a trois; it is possible, that the bartender formed the fourth of this group. There is no indication that Edith is particularly gifted in the art of making love. She just makes her self available as a willing sexual partner. Except with Marcel Cedran, the married boxer, Edith manages to dissociate physical pleasure from any emotional foundations. With Marcel, Edith is truly in love. But this union is not to be. Anecdotes abound, that Edith's jealous sister informs Marcel's wife of her husband's "philandering." Edith's sexual proclivities and escapades are not a manifestation of her femaleness. Her sexual nature transcends gender. It is a flaw in most superstars. In Edith's case, particularly,…. [read more]

Improving the City of St Term Paper

… Improving City of Saint John's_

VI .Conclusion

Allocation of land for building nature or wildlife reserves in cities that are still developing gives children in such neighborhoods an opportunity to become more conscious about their environment. They in the process appreciate the need for environmental conservation. Nature and wildlife reserves have both social and economic benefits to the residents of such cities. The benefits can be varied and does include creation of employment opportunities and source of revenue for city authorities to mention but a few. This paper seeks to illuminate the benefits the City of St. John's Newfoundland, Canada is likely to accrue when it puts in place nature and wildlife reserves.

Bolduc, M., Guha, M., Laurendeau, E., & Satienpoch, M. (2003). WPI --…. [read more]

Feminist Baroque and Rococo Term Paper

… Feminist Perspective in Baroque and Rococo Art and Architecture

As we explore the notion of feminism in the early 17th century baroque and late 17th century rococo art and architecture, there very quickly and noticeably the absence of a feminist perspective. In the early part of the century, during the period most commonly associated with the masters of baroque, there is no indication of a female strength that asserts itself in the works of the masters; and for good reason: the period of baroque art and architecture arises out of the period of "Enlightenment."

The "Enlightenment," is that period of time during which science was separating itself from philosophy and religion as an exact and distinct science based on fact, as opposed to religion and…. [read more]

Southwest History Susan Shelby Magoffin Term Paper

… Santa Fe was quiet at the time, with only the sound of marching heard at the time. The new Mexicans could have welcomed the American forces for promise of protection they offered against the Texans. But only few of them quietly received the arriving American troops and the suspicion was that resistance was silenced by Governor Manuel Armijo who was said to have been paid by an American agent to turn New Mexico over peacefully. In any case, a military government under General Kearny was set up in Santa Fe and promised to honor the civil and religious rights of the New Mexicans. He kept his word but peace did not last long. Susan Shelby Magoffin recorded her observation of the leadership and behavior of…. [read more]

Tom Shulich ("Coltishhum") a Comparative Chapter

… 40).

Thus, from the perspective of the bottom rung of Indian society, it is Lapierre's contention that the self/other dichotomy if not fully eradicated, at least becomes practically irrelevant. Lapierre's slum dwellers refuse to entertain invidious distinctions between self and other. The familiar as well as the stranger, the healthy and the diseased, the old and the young -- all are taken in and cared for in one big, harmonious community of the urban poor. In a society of unfortunates who all must struggle simply to survive against great odds, no one is rejected "marginal." The denizens of Calcutta's slums, Lapierre tells us, "had reconstructed the life of their villages in urban exile" (p. 41).

Stephan Kovalski, an expatriate Polish priest, is the main European…. [read more]

Wearin' of the Green Term Paper

… "

The two girls smiled back at each other. It was a little joke they had. Margaret-Mary was really proud of her double-fisted first name. Ma said she was named after a saint who lived in France a long time ago. She was real holy and did a lot of good things. "An Irish Catholic girl should be just like a saint ... now ain't that the way the Good Lord planned it!"

Jacobs' was just coming into view as suddenly, a tall black man smacked into Margaret-Mary's side. Her schoolbooks went flying, and Margaret-Mary skidded headlong into the sidewalk. With no time to even realize what was happening, the tears came pouring down her cheeks, at the same time a she noticed the thin…. [read more]

Nan Goldin Photography Term Paper

… Her photos are melancholic and speak of loss against a backdrop of normalcy (Raymond "Class Lecture"). She effectively, and empathetically, acknowledges the impact of individual loss on the body and mind.


By definition, obsession is a fixation, consuming passion, mania, compulsion, preoccupation, addiction are just some of the synonyms on offer (Parr 32). Obsession and human desire, like empathy, is another common theme used in Goldin's artistry. Much of her work reflects a desire to evolve and transcend one's current state, albeit through escape methods such as drug addiction, sexual relationships, or other forms of self-expression. Goldin is obsessed with the possibility of shaping the self without moral judgment (Danto 35).

Nan Goldin demonstrates an obsession with love and relationships. Two important works help…. [read more]

Machiavelli John Calvin and Thomas Term Paper

… John Calvin, Thomas More & Niccolo Machiavelli

The Degree of Separation and Limits to Power of the Church and the State: Insights from John Calvin, Thomas More, and Niccolo Machiavelli

Religion has served an important function to human society for many civilizations and generations: it acts as a "social glue" that binds people together and unites them under one belief and set of values. While Marx also claimed that religion is a dysfunction in the society, in that it creates the illusion of the maintenance of the status quo, it cannot be denied that religion is an imperative feature of every society or culture because of its ability to create communities among people of diversity.

Moreover, people see their respective religions as "arbiters" wherein it…. [read more]

Colonial Latin Women Marriage and Sexuality Term Paper

… Latin Women

Throughout the colonial period, women in the major cities of Latin America experienced vast differences in their marital and sexual lives. In areas such as Mexico City and Buenos Aries, women dealt consistently with social and religious regulation of the intimate portions of their lives, transforming what was otherwise considered to be a personal decision of love into social and economic mechanisms for the binding of family interests and social norms (Lavrin 1989). Yet in other areas, these social institutions accepted different norms, resulting in slightly more freedom for the women of the area.

This paper will analyze the sexual and marital lives of women in four major Latin American cities between the 17th and 19th centuries. By analyzing and comparing the experiences…. [read more]

Caribbean Slavery Black Term Paper

… In Haiti's case, it resulted in the flight and massacre of the white population. In other Caribbean republics, black suffrage brought with it white flight. On one notion there is certainty: once an oppressed population with a vast numeric majority gives birth to leaders capable of mobilizing them to action, little can be done to return them to servitude. European powers lost 70 thousand troops trying to subdue the black slave population of Haiti. To this day, production levels are inferior to those experienced in colonial times and the dictatorships and disease characteristic of African republics continue to plague the island. Jamaica is dependent on a tourist economy and suffers from real incomes inferior to those found in Eastern Europe. Trinidad and Tobago's black population,…. [read more]

Why Have There Been No Great Women Artist Term Paper

… ¶ … women artists?

Feminists must not blindly and unquestionably accept the terms of any debate about the differences between the genders when the terms of such a debate defined in the language of patriarchy and oppression. To illustrate this truth, the author of the article asks her reader to consider the question: "Why have there been no great women artists?" Unfortunately, the author states that the feminist art historian's first reaction is often to swallow the rhetorical bait of the attacker, hook, line and sinker, and to attempt to answer the question by simply saying 'well, but there are great women artists, I'll show you.' The end result is a rather pathetic attempt upon the defender's part to "dig up examples of worthy or…. [read more]

Globalization Has Made Access to the World Term Paper

… ¶ … globalization has made access to the world marketplace much easier for corporations and individuals, true freedom of mobility and migration is not yet apparent, nor will it ever is. There are several reasons why free trade is acceptable while free migration is not. Free trade increases the overall welfare of members within a state, it is a mutually beneficial policy which allows countries with comparative and absolute advantages to best utilize their resources. Free trade also promotes the general specification of work within a country, it creates greater demand for jobs and thus raises the overall individual welfare of members. However, free migration accomplishes the opposite, because it floods nations with individuals who are seeking a better life. These individuals usually are unskilled…. [read more]

Europe Women's Suffrage Most Countries Research Paper

… Austria had only a small-scale campaign for women's suffrage in the 19th Century, and women were allowed only very limited participation in local and municipal elections, though male proxies.[footnoteRef:5] [5: Brigitta Bader-Zaar, "Women in Austrian Politics, 1890-1934" in David F. Good et al. (eds). Austrian Politics in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives (Berghahn Books, 1996), p. 62.]

In Germany, the first women's rights association was founded in 1865 by Louise Otto-Peters, who had also advocated equal rights for women during the failed democratic revolutions of 1848-49. During the same era, the industrialization of Germany led to women working outside the home for wages for the first time, often in industries where they earned far less than men, although according to laws passed after…. [read more]

Christian Biotechnology: Not a Contradiction Term Paper

… So in this area, it is relatively simple to analyze the use and importance of this field of research. Transgenic crops have proven to be vital food source for both economic and humanitarian purposes, while transgenic animals are quickly proving to be just what the meat, milk, and egg industry need to increase profits and production. Christians everywhere should be in support of biotechnology and genetic modification in food production, as this has the potential to erase world hunger and improve corporate profits all at once.

Genetically modified (GM) crops are safe and proven in the field. Scientists are not just tinkering with DNA for fun -- GM crops are being created that are far superior to traditional hybrid strains in hardiness and resistance to…. [read more]

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