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Compare and Contrast Passages From Homer's the Iliad and Hesiod's Theogony Term Paper

… ¶ … Homer's 'The

Iliad' and Hesiod's 'Theogony'.

The De-Evolution of Aphrodite

Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty, appears throughout the mythologies and literature of ancient Greece. Like all of the old gods, Aphrodite experienced many transformations that can be traced through time by studying the various incarnations of this character which appear in surviving writings. In Homer's the Iliad, an account of the Trojan War, as well as Hesiod's Theogony, a collection of myths about the Greek gods, Aphrodite is an important character. Despite being the same goddess, there are significant differences between the presentation of Aphrodite's existence, as well as the treatment of her image, in these two texts. The development of this goddess between these representations is a direct parallel…. [read more]

Homer Is the Famous Greek Poet Term Paper

… Homer is the famous Greek poet and author who is believed to have written two famous plays entitled "Iliad" and "Odyssey."

Both of this plays are very famous which have transcend over time and characterization plus the setting and the plot itself can still cater to almost, if not, all readers. Both of the plays reflect the development of Western Civilization.

Ironic as it may sound, but it is a fact that Greeks, such as Homer, had a profound effect to the mere development of Western Civilization and culture. Just like Homer, who had made his contributions felt through the use of his carefully and meaningfully written plays or novels.

Many of the characteristics elements of the Western culture were sourced out from the Classical…. [read more]

Homer Was a Legendary Greek Term Paper

… Due to the anger of the gods, Odysseus' homecoming has been delayed for ten years, however, he spent most of that time on an island with the goddess Kalypso, who is madly in love with him (Hooker pp). Like Achilles, Odysseus is offered a choice, he can either live on the island with Kalypso and be immortal like the gods, or he can return to his wife and his country and be mortal (Hooker pp). He chooses to return and most of the rest of the work is a long "exposition on what it means to be mortal" (Hooker pp). According to Richard Hooker, if this story has a discernible theme, "it is the nature of mortal life, why any human being would, if offered…. [read more]

Iliad Metamorphoses Book 5 [Ceres Essay

… But neither they nor the persons who transform them change their minds like Priam and Achilles.

In Metamorphoses, the human characters are far more one-dimensional and do not learn from their actions. Achilles acts in an immature fashion when he refuses to fight for the Greeks, despite his promise to do so, and sees his people fall in battle after battle. The desperation of his own friend to fight and his friend's subsequent death is a bracing wake-up call as to what is really important in life. In contrast, none of the character in Metamorphoses really learns from their interactions with the gods. They are merely transformed physically, but their emotional and inner lives remain unchanged. Achilles' concession to Priam is earth-shaking. After refusing to…. [read more]

Homer's Iliad Is an Epic Thesis

… After the decision is made by Jupiter, Ceres has nothing left to do for her daughter nor does she have power to protect her daughter.

In the Trojan War, Achilles kills Hector and he brings Hector's dead body back to the Greek side. When Andromache hears of the death of Hector, she said, "There's nothing left for him in life but pain and deprivation, all his property" (Homer, 542-543). Because of her husband's death she also fears for her son's impending death because without Hector, Andromache has no ability to protect her son. Even though she was opposed to the fight between Hector with Achilles, he decides to fight and consequently dies.

In the Ovid's story, Jupiter says to Ceres that if Proserpina does not…. [read more]

Iliad and Lysistrata Honor and Respect Essay

… Iliad and Lysistrata

Honor and Respect: the Ends of Iliad and Lysistrata

It should not be possible to speak of the ends of things without speaking of their beginnings. Homer's Iliad and Aristophanes' Lysistrata are two war-themed works whose tones are dissimilar but whose endings are revealing of a common bond -- despite the centuries and structures that separate them. The ending of Homer's Iliad depicts the death of Hector, the abuse of his corpse by Achilles, the begging of mercy by Priam, and the burial of Hector's bones following the consummation of his body on the funeral pyre. The ending of Lysistrata is a jubilant celebration of peace in song as Athenians and Spartans end their war thanks in large part to the influence…. [read more]

Homer Iliad Term Paper

… Homer and the Illiad

What is Shame and Guilt?

Shame and guilt are two feelings that are most of the time misinterpreted to be similar. Despite of the fact that shame and guilt are somehow related, these two feelings have differences in terms of how they affect an individual.

Guilt is a feeling that is caused by our conscience that is disturbed or bothered. It is a reaction caused by things or actions we do which we may regret. Usually, offenses make us feel guilt. This includes actions that can harm a person or actions that can cause negative things to others. As with the characters of Iliad like Paris and Helen, both felt guilt from the immorality that they committed.

Shame on the other…. [read more]

Iliad by Homer Essay

… Iliad, By Homer

Hector and Achilles: Two great foils for one another in Homer's Iliad

In Homer's Iliad, the noblest, if not the most physically adept warrior of all of those who fight on both the Greek and the Trojan side, is the Trojan prince Hector. Hector, alone of all of the warriors, places the interests of morality and his city first, above personal grievances. Unlike Achilles, he does not sulk and pout when he does not get his own way. Unlike his brother Paris, Hector does not bring destruction upon others because of his own selfish, sensual desires. The fact that war takes the life of greatest of all of the warriors of the Iliad symbolizes the futility of the conflict. It is Hector's…. [read more]

Homer Will the Real Greek Term Paper

… The Greeks want her back. In the final year of the Trojan war, Achilles (the Greek hero) is insulted by his commander Agamemnon, and he abandons his troops to fight without him. Patroclus, his lover and friend, is slain when he leads the battle in Achilles' place. Achilles is enraged and returns to battle to avenge his death. He kills Hector, the bravest hero of the city of Troy, and defiles his body by dragging it around the city for all to see. As the poem closes, a parallel is drawn between the King of Troy who has lost his son Hector and Achilles, who has lost his lover, Patroclus. (Homer, The Iliad)

The Odyssey is a sequel to the Trojan War. Odysseus, a Greek…. [read more]

Iliad by Homer Chapter One Begins Thesis

… Iliad by Homer

Chapter One begins with the a description of Achilles as an angry man whose anger caused his people, the Achaeans, a lot of casualties in their war against the Trojans when he initially refused to join them in their fight because of his pride and resentment against their leader, King Agamemnon. It goes on to recount the suffering of the Achaeans from pestilence brought by the god Apollo who had been displeased by the King. It also relays the fight between Achilles and Agamemnon which was set off by a dispute over Briseis, a woman captured in one of the wars who belonged to Achilles but whom Agamemnon coveted after he was forced to return his own captured woman slave Chryses.

Noting…. [read more]

Iliad "Anger Be Now Your Song Journal

… Iliad

"Anger be now your song" is Robert Fitzgerald's opening translation of Homer's epic -- and it refers to Achilles' anger at Agamemnon, the leader of the Greeks, who has insulted Achilles by stealing from him his woman and spoil of war. Although Achilles' anger is not the primary focus of the narrative, it does introduce from the very beginning the theme of honor -- and it is the same theme that will close out the narrative, although a transition will be made from that of Grecian honor to that of Trojan honor. The whole of the narrative may be summed up tersely: Achilles is offended by Agamemnon, refuses to fight the Trojans any longer, whereupon the Trojans (realizing that their greatest foe is no…. [read more]

Homer the Iliad Thesis

… Homer "the Iliad"

Achilles and Hector could not be more opposed, both as individual characters and in their relationships with many of the other characters of the play. First of all, Hector is entirely subordinated to his family, his king and his city, Troy, and all his acts are acts that help his commitment to these entities. We see him throughout the play as a loving family and husband, as well as a devoted parent and son, but, especially, through his dedication to the city he lives in and its people. This dedication makes him take the final sacrifice: although he is aware that he can never defeat Achilles in battle, he does not refuse it only because it would bring shame to his city.…. [read more]

Glory Explored in Homer's the Iliad Term Paper

… ¶ … Glory Explored in Homer's the Iliad

We love to love our heroes. We like to imagine their lives are pure and easy, without deceit or imperfection. It is easier to think of our heroes that way because it gives them a sense of being greater than life. The reality is however, that many heroes are human first and, as a result, have very human characteristics. This fact should not disappoint though. It should reassure anyone with aspirations to know that some of the greatest men in history were human and had faults. This did not stop them from pursuing and claiming fame and glory. Achilles and Hektor in Homer's, The Iliad, are two heroes that will live in infamy not because they were…. [read more]

Iliad Homer Term Paper

… ¶ … ILIAD by Homer, it is apparent a society that is constantly at war will lead itself to brutalization and destruction of life. "With these words he sat down, and Agamemnon rose in anger. His heart was black with rage, and his eyes flashed fire as he scowled on Calchas and said, "Seer of evil, you never yet prophesied smooth things concerning me, but have ever loved to foretell that which was evil. You have brought me neither comfort nor performance; and now you come seeing among Danaans, and saying that Apollo has plagued us because I would not take a ransom for this girl, the daughter of Chryses. I have set my heart on keeping her in my own house, for I love…. [read more]

Olympians: War vs. Peace in Iliad and Odyssey Essay

… Peace or War in Homer

War and Peace among the Olympians in the Iliad and the Odyssey

The Olympians are not arbitrary in their preference for war or for peace in either the Iliad or the Odyssey. While it is true that they have their preferences for cities and people, who show devotion to them (such as Hera and Athena's preference for the Greeks, or Zeus' affection for the Trojans) -- it is also true that when either shows a lack of respect for the gods or for the law, the gods let loose their wrath. (Ironically, the gods and goddesses also have very personal reasons for aiding certain persons; Aphrodite, for example, gives her power to Paris so that he might keep Helen bound…. [read more]

Troublemakers Though an Audience Trained Term Paper

… Originally he tries to seek meaning in the world, and to join with the humans as a way of coming home. Eventually he realizes he can never join them. After this, he decides to officially reject meaning altogether, though he still seems to believe in it internally. The humans say that he is the antithesis of God, the evil one and the Destroyer, so he decides to take on that role for them and seek meaning (such as it is) in meaninglessness and destruction. In a way, this does succeed for him, and he does find a kind of terrible homeness in it: "I had become, myself, the mama I'd searched the cliffs for once in vain." (Gardner, 80)

Odysseus on the other hand is…. [read more]

Legacy of Homer Modern Best Term Paper

… Even in ancient times, Homer understood the complexities of the future and seemed to be writing about the future, as well as the present times. This makes his work timeless.

Homer's works provide vivid descriptions of the complex world of human desires and human contradictions. These tales combine all elements of human life, including religion, war, philosophy and love, into a solitary story. For this reason, Homer is an inspiration to many of today's writers, who seem to pale in comparison to the great writer. The characters of the poems, as well as their desires and fears, are as real now as they were centuries ago. By telling an amazing adventure that exposed the truth about human nature, Homer set a standard for modern writers.…. [read more]

Deities -- Gilgamesh -- Iliad Term Paper

… In Homer's Iliad, considered as one of the greatest masterpieces of Western Civilization, the roles performed by the various gods and goddesses are quite similar to those found in The Epic of Gilgamesh. In this epic poem, the heroes of Greece sail far from their homes to attack the citadel, the city of Troy, in western Anatolia, now modern-day Turkey (Hissarlik). Their mission is to rescue Helen, the Greek Queen whom the son of the king of Troy has kidnapped from her husband. The ensuing battle between the Greeks and the Trojans brings about chaos and much death and at times the fates of the survivors all depend on the will and whims of the Gods on Mount Olympus.

In The Epic of Gilgamesh, Anu,…. [read more]

Book 9 Of the Iliad Essay

… Book 9 of the Iliad

"My blood boils when I think it all over, and remember how the son of Atreus treated me with contumely as though I were some vile tramp." (Iliad, IX, 486-488). In Book 9 of the Iliad, Achilles rejects the offers made by three of Agamemnon's ambassadors in an attempt to get him to end his feud with Agamemnon and rejoin the war against Troy, because Achilles feels that Agamemnon has dishonored him. When Agamemnon is discussing his apology to Achilles with his ambassadors, they discuss Achilles' temperament, and agree that Agamemnon's offer to Achilles should be extravagant, because Achilles is known for his having a bad temper and being somewhat stubborn. It is that official offer that Ulysses brings to…. [read more]

Odyssey and Ancient Greeks Term Paper




By the later part of the Greek "Dark Age," circa 800 B.C.E., ideas and traditions linked to the social/cultural arena of ancient Greece concerning the organization of their communities and the proper behavior expected from all Greek men and women, i.e., their shared codes of value, represented the basic components of Greece's emerging new political forms and institutions. These shared codes of social and cultural value at the end of the "Dark Age" serve as the foundation for Homer's epic poem the Odyssey which was first written down via the oral tradition around the middle of the 8th century B.C.E. This type of epic poetry so closely associated with Homer grew out of centuries of…. [read more]

Compare and Contrast Achilles and Hector From the Iliad Essay

… English Literature

Achilles & Hector: Comparing Warriors from the Iliad

The Iliad is classic and famous example of Greek epic poetry. It is a text that is a fundamental piece of writing in the western tradition. In The Iliad, as with many other epic poems, there is a vast narrative filled with numerous subplots filled with a variety of characters. Some of the most important characters in epic poems are the heroes and the various kinds of heroes there are within an epic tale. Two heroes and warriors from The Iliad are Achilles and Hector. The paper will provide a comparison of these two warriors. The paper will sketch each character through his actions, interaction, choices, and words within the context of the overall narrative,…. [read more]

Heroes of Homer's Great Work Thesis

… Hector is a warm and compassionate individual who is totally dedicated to his family. Unlike Achilles who is motivated by personal glory, Hector is motivated to protect his country and fellow Trojan citizens. He does not seek or pursue personal glory. He does not pretend that he is not afraid when entering battle. He is not afraid to admit that he has human flaws. He is able to display anger but he is also able to demonstrate compassion.

For Hector, there is nothing more important than his family. He openly demonstrates his love and devotion to his wife, his children, and even his brother, Paris. It is his love for this family and fellow citizens that motivates Hector to enter battle and not some selfish…. [read more]

Love in Plato's Symposium and Homer's Iliad Essay

… This speech concentrates mainly on the nature of love and its effects on two people. First, love is identified as a god, which gives it a lofty nature.

Love, the god, is, however, able to impact on human being love – the feeling, which is more like a gift by the god to humans, and this reverberates in many ways in the lives of lovers – those sharing erotic relationship e.g. between Alcestis and her husband, and beloved, those sharing other-than-erotic caring relationships. The next speech by Pausanias (Plato, 108c-185c), largely agrees with Phaedrus in love as a god but introduces heavenly and common love. Eryximachus and Aristophanes who are the next speakers also agree with Pausanias. In general, Symposium explores a wide variety…. [read more]

Homosexuality in Ancient Greek Literature Term Paper

… Homosexuality in Ancient Greek Literature

Ancient Greek art and literature clearly demonstrates that homosexual relationships were acceptable under certain conditions. In fact, some homosexual relationships were considered to be not only acceptable, but encouraged. In the period between around 600 B.C. And the beginning of the Christian era, male homosexuality was seen as inline with Greek social values like military prowess, athletic ability, and the ideal of youth and beauty. Because Greek society viewed women as morally and intellectually inferior, these homosexual relationships often gave men a closeness and bond not usually found in their marriages. On the other hand, female homosexuality, while an acceptable practice in some areas, was not as universally socially acceptable as male homosexuality. However, it has been suggested by some…. [read more]

Achilles and Greek Heroism in Homer's Iliad Term Paper

… Achilles the Hero

Without doubt the most destructive force in Homer's Iliad is the power of deity -- the gods have their hands in every death, it seems. Of human activities, however, nothing in the tale proves more destructive than the great rage of Achilles, that mortal son of a sea goddess. Achilles' rage destroys everything in its path, enemy and friend alike, and (the tale implies) will eventually bring about Achilles' own death. This is, after all, the premise of the work; the opening lines promise to speak "Of the rage of Achilles, son of Peleus -- that murderous anger which condemned Achaeans to countless agonies and hurled many warrior souls deep into Hades,"

Book 1, ln 1-4) Yet despite the fact that Achilles'…. [read more]

Hero Has the Ability to Face Adverse Essay

… Hero has the ability to face adverse situations without any fear. They put the well-being of others before their own well-being. They do not necessarily have to be physically strong or have muscles that are able to life entire buildings at once; they just have to have a strong character. Although in modern society, it can be rare to find actual heros, individuals who are selfless and thoughtful of others, they are still found. Soldiers are today's modern heros. Specifically, soldiers fighting in the Middle East, whether it is Iraq or Afghanistan, are the individuals that everyone should look up to because of their bravery. They encounter the evils of war everyday, yet they persevere with dignity and ambition. Having to be on their toes…. [read more]

Give a Close Critical Discussion of This Extract From Book One Homer's the Odyssey Term Paper

… ¶ … Innocence of the Gods:

A close critical discussion of Zeus haranguing the powers

Early in book one of Homer's Odyssey, there is a short and yet vital scene which begins with "Recalling Aegisthus, Zeus harangued the immortal powers..." And ends when Athena has finished her speech that finishes "Odysseus longs to die." In this important scene, the stage is set for all the action that follows with Odysseus' bewildering trip home and the struggles of men and deities to survive within the conflicting wills of the gods. This scene not only prepares the reader for the physical action to follow, however, it also prepares them for an argument in this book which is somewhat different from that in the Iliad which chronologically proceeds…. [read more]

Odyssey Themes of Homer's Odyssey Term Paper

… ¶ … Odyssey

Themes of Homer's Odyssey

The Odyssey, along with the Iliad, is one of the greatest epic poems of all times. The symbolic journey at the core of the poem has been reiterated numberless times as a leitmotif throughout Western literatures. The complexity and the magnitude of the epic is so overwhelming, that a huge variety of themes and symbols can be identified in the work. Although it is much shorter than the Iliad, the Odyssey has an unparalleled mythological density which makes it one of the most spectacular works of literature of all times. Thus, first of all, the poem addresses the life and initiation of the hero in the form of a circuitous journey. It is hard to enumerate even some…. [read more]

Fall to Spring's Sprouting: The Motif Term Paper

… ¶ … Fall to Spring's Sprouting: The Motif of Man as Leaves in Literature and the Emergence of Autonomy as Divine

Literature, like the minds that produce it, does not exist in a vacuum. There is an ongoing and never-ending set of influences that continually impact upon the perspectives, proficiencies, and personalities that lead to the creation of literary works, made up of the innumerable realities of any given writer's life: political tensions, economic hardships, cultural attitudes, technological innovations -- the list goes on. Charles Dickens would not have authored the same novels had he grown up and lived in nineteenth century India instead of England, just as Shakespeare would not have penned the same plays (or perhaps any plays at all) if he were…. [read more]

O Brother, Where Art Thou? Thesis

… The irony of the Coens' career is that, out of the marginalized business of "independent" filmmaking, they have so often striven to re-create such period pieces of the golden age of Hollywood's studios. Although Peter Biskind points to the Coens as an example of the larger symbiotic relationship that exists between "independent" filmmaking and Hollywood studio filmmaking, in the way that independent filmmaking "emerges at the bottom to inject new vitality into the system: the Oliver Stones and Coen Brothers of the 80s, the Quentin Tarantinos and Atom Egoyans of the 90s" (Biskind 429), the fact remains that the Coens seem most influenced by Hollywood product that was not independent in the first place, and represented in many cases the quickest cheapest sort of commercial…. [read more]

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