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Lyndon Johnson Term Paper

… Lyndon Johnson

We know Lyndon B. Johnson to have been a hard-nosed smooth-operating arm-twisting Senator from Texas who became John Kennedy's Vice President and then a one-term President. What occurred during his administration brought the civil rights movement to its triumphant conclusion and sank us inexorably into Vietnam, he was responsible for the creation of Medicare and Medicaid, and for initiating the war on poverty. Johnson's bid for a second term collapsed under him amidst the massive social turmoil that scarred the nation during 1968 and from there he slid into private life to publish his memoirs, and to finish his life on his ranch in Texas where he died in 1973. Scholarly work centering on Johnson numbers in the hundreds of published books, articles…. [read more]

Lyndon Johnson Term Paper

… ¶ … Presidency of Lyndon Johnson fundamentally changed American politics forever. In his career, he had an affect on each of the institutions in which he served, but none more so than the Presidency. The changes that resulted would not only revise the way in which subsequent presidents operated, but would also change the way in which Americans would look at the office. Because his path to ultimate power was so unique, let us look at how he arrived there.

Lyndon Baines Johnson was born on August 27, 1908 in Stonewall, Texas, on the Pedernales River in the hill country of West Texas to Rebekah Baines and Sam Johnson. He was one of four children. In 1927 he enrolled in Southwest Texas State Teachers college,…. [read more]

Lyndon Johnson's Greatest Accomplishment Term Paper


Though Lyndon Johnson has often been eclipsed by the wake of the Kennedy administration, and John F, Kennedy's tragic death, his contributions to social change were significant and in need of address. The foundation of his most heartfelt demands for social change have to do with what he termed a War on Poverty. Up to this point in this nation, and arguably globally, the idea of poverty was an idea based on the Protistant Ethic, where those who work hard and live good lives will prosper. The remaining populations, being those who do not prosper, must be doing something wrong and therefore are somehow flawed and incapable of redemptions and/or assistance. This is despite the clear demonstration that poverty is a social condition. What…. [read more]

Lyndon Baines Johnson Term Paper

… Lyndon Johnson's Texas Roots

Lyndon Baines Johnson was a southern President with a Texas accent. In some ways he exemplified the stereotypical Texan. In seeking a link between his social identity as a Texan and his liberal political views, however, it is difficult to see any strong causal connection. This essay will ask the question, how closely connected were his liberal politics to his persona as a Texan? Of course, as a senator from Texas, he had to be involved in Texas politics and to be concerned about voter issues in Texas, but it would be hard to prove that he agreed with the social and political views of his fellow Texans. In this essay, I will argue that LBJ's communication style clearly reflected his…. [read more]

President Lyndon B. Johnson Essay

… In that respect, Roosevelt's reforms, although similar in nature to those of Johnson, were more pragmatic and simplified. The New Deal largely lacked the lofty ideals of the Great Society regarding spiritual and the achievement of man's full potential, and merely focused on decreasing the level of destitution in the country. Yet virtually all of Johnson's reforms aimed at correcting needs of a financial nature -- his desire to create affordable housing, his need to eliminate poverty, the ability to remove penury as an obstacle to the learning experience -- descended directly from the New Deal. More significant than individual measures proposed by each president is the overall ideology that they shared which mandated it would require a new mentality and a cooperative effort between…. [read more]

Moody and Potter vs. John F. Kennedy and Johnson Term Paper

… Liberals Lyndon Johnson & John Kennedy and youthful disillusionment

The Disillusionment of Two Youths in America in the 1960s

The origins of disillusionment for many young people during the 1960s - the Vietnam War years - can be fairly easily generalized even with a vague knowledge of the Sixties, America, and politics. First, young people who were 18 years of age could be drafted to go fight in Vietnam, but they couldn't vote for the politicians who send them off to war until they reached 21. That was a huge hypocrisy in the eyes of young men, and caused no small amount of rage against the Washington "establishment" (Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon in particular). Secondly, despite the rhetoric of freedom and justice coming out…. [read more]

Vietnam -- Rules of Engagement Research Paper

… Of the Army generals who served in Vietnam, "Nearly a third stated that [search and destroy] was 'not sound'… and 51% thought it 'left something to be desired'" (Wiest, 2007). Westmoreland predicted that the enemy would "…run out of men" -- as a way of justifying search and destroy and the rules of engagement he followed were failures because the terrain "…favored" the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong (Wiest).

Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara

The rules of engagement for pilots flying attack missions over North Vietnam "…were created by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara"; in 1965 surface-to-air missile (SAM) sites were "off-limits" according to McNamara's ROEs (Santoli, 2011). "We watched them being built and become operational, but were not permitted by [McNamara] to take them…. [read more]

U.S. Military Chain of Command Essay

… This unit was responsible for the command, coordination, and control of all the activities of the United States' Army and advisory effort.

The divisional command was divided into three i.e. 1st Marine Division, 3rd Marine Division, and 1st Marine Aircraft Wing with different division commanders. In the first segment, the divisional commander was mandated with task of searching and destroying operations, civic action that could deny any support to enemy forces, and rice and com collection. Under its commander, the second unit engaged in over 120 named operations such as the famous siege at Khe Sanh. The third segment was responsible for providing close support to operational forces while intercepting and harassing the enemy when possible.

General William Westmoreland was an American General who commanded…. [read more]

Lyndon B. Johnson's Leadership Imagine Essay

… S., which was the intention of Lyndon B. Johnson. By applying these styles of leadership from Lyndon B. Johnson as well as what one needs in legislature, he or becomes a better person for society itself. Despite his terrible years of growing up with his mother, who decided to withhold her love from him, he was determined to make lives better for the American people. This was definitely true by the life he led before, during and after achieving his Presidency in 1965. He was determined to achieve his goals, but was not going to let anyone stop him accomplishing it. Sometimes his ego got in the way, and he became abusive while in power (Class notes). Anyone who was alive during that time in…. [read more]

Malcolm X And Lyndon Term Paper

… For him, the bill was just any other resolution that attempted to solve the problem of racial prejudice and discrimination in the country; unfortunately, this ruse had been uncovered early on by Malcolm X and his fellow Negros. Thus, he proposed that what Negros need was not a defective legislative system and a bill that purports to fight for equal rights in the country, but active participation in fighting the social plague that was prejudice and discrimination against Negros. Thus, from the assertion that "... The only thing that I've ever said is that in areas where the government has proven itself either unwilling or unable to defend the lives and the property of Negroes, it's time for Negroes to defend themselves ... " Malcolm…. [read more]

Lyndon B. Johnson Thesis

… President Lyndon Baines Johnson

Large in physical stature and colorful in personal demeanor, Lyndon Baines Johnson was a powerful force in mid-20th century politics in Texas as well as later in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate. When he became President John F. Kennedy's vice presidential running mate, few people imagined that Johnson would eventually be taking the presidential oath aboard Air Force One following Kennedy's assassination in Dallas in 1963. During his tenure as president, Johnson orchestrated an escalation of the war in Vietnam abroad while simultaneously orchestrating a series of civil rights initiatives at home. While Johnson received his fair share of criticisms from detractors during and following his presidency, he managed to leave a legacy of contributions to the country…. [read more]

Lyndon B. Johnson and His Let US Continue Speech Research Paper

… Lyndon B. Johnson and his "Let us Continue" Speech

Commonly known as LBJ, Lyndon Banes Johnson (1908-1973) climbed the political ladder all the way up. First a member in the House of Representatives, then a Senator, Lyndon eventually became the 37 Vice President of the United States, serving under President John F. Kennedy. Upon the assassination of Kennedy, Lyndon was instated the country's 36th President. After this term ended, he participated in elections and won another mandate at the White House.

Johnson's agenda was focused on the creation of a better society for the American citizens. The future endeavors were organized under what is called the Great Society legislation, and referred to efforts for improving the educational system, the healthcare system, the media or the…. [read more]

FDR and LDB, War Leaders Term Paper

… FDR and LDB, War Leaders

Franklin D. Roosevelt was considered by many to be an amazing leader. He was elected President of the United States for four terms, a feat unheard of even today. He also demonstrated many leadership qualities that made him stand out from past and current political leaders. Numerous scholars and research agree FDR was not just a strong political leader, but a good war leader as World War II began to hit the United States with Japan in full swing.

Lyndon B. Johnson had to take the reins of presidency when John F. Kennedy was assassinated. Unlike his predecessors, not only did he have to quell the growing fears and anger of the American public, but he also had to deal…. [read more]

LBJ Psychoanalysis Term Paper

… " (Mackoff 19-20). Clearly, family experiences can have very different influences depending upon the individual, but they can still be valuable for analyzing leadership on a case to case basis.

For Johnson, some of his qualities can be better understood in light of an incident early in his life. "Having been spurned by a girl he was to meet on a date, Johnson ended up wrecking his father's car and fled to his uncle's house to avoid facing his wrath. The next day, summoned to the phone by his father, Johnson was met not with anger but reward, his father instructing the teen-age boy to pick up the new car he had just bought that morning and to drive it around town slowly to dispel…. [read more]

20th Century US Foreign Policy Research Proposal

… Truman in Hypothetical Crisis

As President Harry Truman faces the Russian missile crisis in Venezuela, the situation in the states is one of cautious alert. President Truman is known for his hard line position when it comes to the Russians (Brown, Seyom, 1994, p. 17). Truman believes in flexing his American Military muscle, and will stand up to the threat of Russian missiles in Venezuela. The Venezuelan's claim that they fear the United States has a goal of "regime change," for Venezuela. President Truman abandoned what was once a successful and mutually beneficial "good neighbor" policy between the United States and South American countries (Rabe, Stephen G., 1998, 1). This kind of approach to foreign affairs is not Truman's way. He is a president that…. [read more]

Rules of Engagement Essay

… On the other hand, this also led to a basic lack of unity in terms of command, with very contradictory messages emerging in terms of ROE and how commanders in fact handled those in their charge and the enemy. The main problem was therefore that, not only was there a difference in interpretation regarding the rules of engagement among field soldiers, but that the same discrepancy also existed among the chain of command. The basic lack of unity resulted in a lack of success for the counterinsurgency.

Robert McNamara

As second in command to President Johnson, Robert McNamara held considerable power in the Vietnam War. Indeed, many of the ROE decisions made during the war could be laid at McNamara's feet. According to reports, however,…. [read more]

Assassination of President John Kennedy Essay

… In fact Stevenson was "…heckled, booed, spat upon and hit over the head with a cardboard sign" (Driscoll, 2007). After his treatment Stevenson said there was a "spirit of madness" in Texas, and Kennedy's staff recommended that he should not go to Texas. Certainly there were staff members who did not want him to ride in an open convertible; but meanwhile the terrible treatment of the U.S. Ambassador to the UN in Texas was an event before the turning point that can now be seen as a foreshadowing of what was to happen to the president in Texas.

What subsequent event or events were dependent on the action of the turning point; and what possible event or events became impossible because of the turning point?…. [read more]

Robert Mcnamara "I Want Americans Essay

… He used as justification events that "…might have been purposefully exaggerated" (Serfaty, 2008). For example, the link that Bush and VP Cheney asserted existed between Saddam Hussein and al Qaeda turned out to be false. The assertion that Saddam had weapons of mass destruction and a nuclear program turned out to be false. The suspicion was (and is) that Bush and Cheney deliberately exaggerated and even deliberately falsified certain intelligence reports that would provide verification for their claims.

Bush should have learned from McNamara's mistakes in Vietnam. He should have learned from Lyndon Johnson's mistakes in getting the U.S. deeply into the Vietnam war; Johnson falsely claimed that the U.S. Navy had been attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin by North Vietnamese gunboats. He sold…. [read more]

Chain of Command and Roe Essay

… IV. Rules of Engagement Planning

Planning of the Rules of Engagement are reported to require "effective top level command and control…intimate interaction between civilian and military officials…skill and flexibility in adopting existing contingency plans…[and] up-to-date, reliable information." (Palmer, 1993, p.19) The Rules of Engagement are reported to be comprised by: "a combination of law, policy, experience, and expectation." (p.6) Therefore, it can be understood that the rules of engagement are informed by each level within the chain of command as it works in cohesion to respond to situations as they present and such that has built in contingency planning for responding with flexibility and accuracy formulated and customized for each specific situation as that situation develops.

V. Political Aspects of the Rules of Engagement

A…. [read more]

Rules of Engagement Established Essay

… Ewell's actions reflected the feelings of other commanders and their reactions to the rules of engagement.

General William Westmoreland's policies during the Vietnam War showed little regard to the rules of engagements. These policies were aimed at obliterating the Viet Cong army. In this regard, the United States army used sophisticated firepower to attack the enemy forces while the Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces protected their civilian population from those attacks. General Westmoreland engaged in activities that were in total disregard to the rules of engagements.

Secretary of Defense during the Vietnamese war, Robert McNamara was not keen on fighting aggressively in Vietnam. He sided with the president to make the war restrictive hence establishing the rules of engagement. He thought the Chinese and the…. [read more]

Chain of Command in Vietnam Essay

… These locations were used as a safe haven. ("Effects of Restrictive Rules," 1995) (Lewy, 1978)

General William Westmoreland: Westmoreland felt that this approach had the ability to destroy the enemy's willingness to carry on with the war. This is from the belief that an extended conflict would wear down their ability to fight and resupply troops. ("Effects of Restrictive Rules," 1995) (Lewy, 1978)

Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara: McNamara was utilizing the ROE to prevent the conflict from escalating by limiting the practices and areas U.S. troops were allowed. Over the course of time, this was believed to be a good way to contain the threat and help to support South Vietnam. ("Effects of Restrictive Rules," 1995) (Lewy, 1978)

President Lyndon Johnson: President Johnson needed…. [read more]

Japanese-Americans in the West Coast Research Paper

… The Communist China's influence in North Vietnam and North Vietnam desire to exert its totalitarian form of government on the South, that had a legitimate government, had to be checked. Kings subscribes to Christian ideals which advocates for freedom of all men.

North Vietnam definitely had no regards for the southerner's individual rights. It was therefore America's moral responsibility to protect the freedoms of the citizens of South Vietnam. As a matter of fact, America being a signatory of SEATO was obliged to defend any form of external attack on the organization members. Responding to treaty obligation did not in anyway make America a cruel manipulator of the poor. These two subjects are parallel and have no point of convergence. Were it not for Lyndon…. [read more]

Conventional Wars the Rules Essay

… The division commander was concerned on winning the war, and the Rules of Engagement are followed for the purpose of actual strategy to be used to defeat the Vietnamese guerilla. However, the siege and the war itself failed to sustain and maintain the effort that supposedly control the enemy, and politics was evidently holding the system and the strategic war that division commander clearly outline to be won. Division officers were disappointed and helplessness had turned the officers into accepting their defeat and failure in meeting the goals of their command. While it is true that the Rules of Engagement worked effectively at the start and in the course of the war-according to norms and rules- the reason and purpose of the war was not…. [read more]

Sunrise Foster Senior Community Essay

… Many older people do need assistance. The point is that funding is not efficiently or effectively applied to help these people. Instead of applying the legislation to all older people, it would be more economically viable to specify certain qualifying criteria, since so many older people are now in a much better position to care for themselves.

If the legislation were not in place, however, it is unlikely that Sunrise would be able to continue its existence. Indeed, it is only because of the direct result of the legislation in the form of funding and AoA that Sunrise can continue to provide services for its members. However, I believe that these services can be delivered even more effectively if the funding were not spread so…. [read more]

Johnson's Decision on U.S. Troops in Vietnam Essay


Historical Significance of President Lyndon B. Johnson’s Controversial Decision to Send U.S. Troops into Vietnam in 1965

The historical significance of the decision that was made was in the fact that it led to the Vietnam War—the conflict that defined that latter half of the 1960s and the first few years of the 1970s. It defined the presidency of Johnson and of Nixon. It shook the U.S. domestic front to its core as protests erupted all over the nation regarding the war, the nature of the war, the purpose of the war, the actions of U.S. soldiers during the war, and the rights of people at home—people who felt like they were now being spied on, locked up or harassed simply for protesting the foreign…. [read more]

Tonkin Gulf Crisis the Debate Term Paper

… "

Ellsberg is not the only one who exposed the conspiracy. In 1977, former Under Secretary of State George Ball stated: "Many of the people associated with the war...were looking for any excuse to initiate bombing. The DeSoto Patrols were primarily for provocation....There was a feeling that if the destroyer got into trouble, that would provide the provocation needed (Ford, 1997)."

For those who are convinced that the Johnson administration knowingly deceived Congress and the American people, the only question that remains is "why?" The resolution clearly stated, "Upon request of South Vietnam or the Laotian government to use all measures including the commitment of U.S. Armed Forces in their Defense (Ford, 1997)." This resolution had been prepared in May 1964, three months before the…. [read more]

Top 5 Greatest Presidents Term Paper

… ¶ … Presidents

The top five great United States Presidents are Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush.

Presidential greatness, like charisma, is a broad construct, and has led to numerous studies and writings on the subject. In his article that appeared in a 2001 issue of "Administrative Science Quarterly," Howard Garland reviewed several studies that attempt to define presidential greatness. One study, by Murray and Blessing, which asked 846 American historians to rate Presidents Washington through Carter on a great to failure continuum, found that background characteristics such as age, education, appearance, religion, occupation, and prior political experience appeared unrelated to greatness. The majority of the historians wrote that they considered "presidential personality and character" to…. [read more]

Vietnam Was a Situation Term Paper

… Vietnam was a situation that seemed to develop slowly in the consciousness of the American public so that much of the country seemed to discover rather suddenly that the nation was enmeshed in a growing war to which there seemed no end. In truth, America had been involved in Vietnam for many years before the issue became the catalyst for social protest and political reprisals in the U.S., and for much of that time the public ignored what was taking place. American involvement actually started in 1954, and at that time it was the French who had been caught in the Vietnamese quagmire. Full American involvement was contemplated prior to 1954 and rejected, in part because Eisenhower did not believe that a military victory was…. [read more]

People Use Various Rhetorical Techniques Term Paper

… " He uses lofty words ": the greatest nation on earth" when speaking about America.

Speaking about the Negroes, he says: "should we defeat every enemy, should we double our wealth and conquer the stars, and still be unequal to this issue, then we will have failed as a people and as a nation…. For with a country as with a person, "What is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?" 'Religious flourishes stand side by side with national ardor and patriotism.

He reminds his listeners that "This was the first nation in the history of the world to be founded with a purpose." Later he extolls himself as a president who wants to be remembered mainly…. [read more]

Vietnamese History in the 20th Essay

… Battalion commanders in the air forces were especially restricted in their actions as a result of the air doctrine policy employed by the Johnson Administration.

In spite of the fact that division commanders were less limited in their actions, their devotion to respecting the government's ROE was apparently more important than their interest in winning the war. Somewhat similar to politicians back home, division commanders were focused on achieving the best results possible without involving all of their troops in areas believed to be of great strategic importance.

General William Westmoreland, the leader of the American military in Vietnam from 1964 to 1968, was initially inclined to believe that the war would be over in a few years, most probably because of the fact that…. [read more]

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