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Managing Homeland Security Essay

… Managing Homeland Security

You were recently selected as the Emergency Management Coordinator for a medium-sized city. Your position didn't exist in that city before you came along. You have been asked to submit a couple page write up for the city's quarterly newsletter to explain just what emergency management is and what the function of the coordinator is. Draft a two-page explanation of what it is that you will be doing for the fair citizens of your community. )

Emergency management in general is a program or plan that coordinates efforts of all available agencies and individuals to ensure that a community is capable of responding to and possibly preventing disasters that may occur in the wake of natural or man made disasters: floods, fires,…. [read more]


Managing Homeland Security Essay

… Criminal Justice - Homeland Security

MANAGING HOMELAND SECURITY

Explain the four phases of emergency planning (i.e. mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery) in detail. Practically speaking, which phases do you think most emergency managers spend time thinking about? Which phases should they spend the most time thinking about? How, if at all, has 9-11 changed where the emphases should lie?

Mitigation is the process of devising appropriate strategies and procedures to reduce the foreseeable impact of emergency situations and to limit their consequences as much as possible. Preparedness relates to establishing the capabilities of emergency managers to respond as efficiently and effectively as possible to emergency situations.

Response refers to the operational implementation of the processes and strategies comprised by the mitigation and preparedness stages, and recovery…. [read more]


Homeland Security: Weaknesses and Strengths Thesis

… Homeland Security: Weaknesses and Strengths

Homeland Security Presidential Directives aim at coordinating security efforts on federal, state and local level. These directives call for a systematic response to domestic terrorist's threats and attacks with the help of a National Incident Management System called NIMS and ensure that response is in according with National Response Plan (NRP). There are numerous strengths of these directives:

For one these directives call for integration which is critical for swift response and bets possible management of domestic acts of violence. It was seen in 2001, that integration had been a major problem which gave rise to incidents of 9/11 as federal agencies with some information had not been able to transfer them effectively to state governments and this led to…. [read more]


DHS Report Card 2007 the State Term Paper

… DHS Report Card 2007

The State of Homeland Security 2007: Report Card

How secure is the United States against terrorism? How safe should Americans feel when it comes to the sanctity and security of their homeland? The first question is difficult to answer precisely, but given the Congressional and government oversight reports that point out the flaws and failures of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), it would seem the U.S. is not as secure as it should be. The answer to the second question will be presented at the conclusion of this paper. The thesis of this paper is that the executive branch of the federal government has not done an adequate job of running the DHS, and Congress is now doing what it…. [read more]


Homeland Security the World Has Changed Term Paper

… Homeland Security

The world has changed in recent decades and the threats to homeland security are redefined, having become more and more unpredictable. The new terrorism practiced by extremist movements, which target civil objectives around the globe, has raised the level of awareness from the part of national authorities, taking into consideration the fact that the number of civil casualties is on a continuous rise. This is why a coherent national strategy for preventing terrorist attacks and reacting to natural and human disasters is essential, especially for a country such as the United States. From this perspective, and in the light of the 911 events, the 2002 Homeland Security Act set the legal basis for the Department of Homeland Security. However, despite all measures taken,…. [read more]


Homeland Security the Department Essay

… Homeland Security

The Department of Homeland Security:

Criticism of Organization

In the following article, the Department if Homeland Security is considered, including a brief history and description of the organizational structure, along with responsibilities or duties. The Department of Homeland Security, which was formed in 2002, was the result of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and critiques of the government's response. Thus, the motivation behind the department is briefly explained in the following article, followed by the assertion that while this may be the positive intention of the department, it is not necessarily the goal that the department has achieved. This critique is based both on the complex structure of department components, as well as widespread responsibilities featured in the department. The essay concludes…. [read more]


DHS Introductions and Business Continuity Research Paper

… Businesses that want advice about how to deal with homeland security threats, including terrorism, can also solicit advice, training, and aid from DHS.

Thus, through continuity planning, DHS hopes to not only improve its own ability to respond to disasters, but to enable other federal agencies and private industries to be better able to respond to worst-case scenarios, thus bolstering the safety of the American public at large. From my perspective, I am particularly interested in how business contingency planning and large-scale continuity planning may intersect. Many of the lessons learned at DHS can be valuable for organizations that may be affected by disasters; I also believe that DHS has much to learn from how businesses engage in risk management strategizing on a small-scale level.…. [read more]


Homeland Security Planning at Different Organizational Levels Research Paper

… Homeland Security Planning at Different Organizational Levels

The planning requirements for homeland security differ from level to level. Each level has different planning and management capabilities and responsibilities, ultimately convening on the White House itself at the federal level. The state and local levels have planning responsibilities involving the specifics of each location, including the first response to any disaster or attack. In this way, the planning and responsibilities can be divided up to help ensure a structured yet cohesive unit within the homeland security apparatus. It is important to recognize that no one level or agency holds the key to successful emergency response and reaction and that each level or striation works together to enable one another.

Distributed Preparedness

Homeland security has always been…. [read more]


Homeland Security Coordination and Implementation Essay

… To this end, the risk assessment included "only those differences in risk that are still significant despite the associated uncertainties" (SNRA 2011, 6). The Strategic National Risk Assessment is strategic, which means that the full spectrum of risks and some particular regional or incidental risks will not be identified. Because of the focus on the contingency type risks emphasized in the PPD-8, steady-state risks were not explicitly assessed; examples of steady-state risks include border violations, drug trafficking, illegal immigration, and intellectual property violations (SNRA 2011, 6). The varying maturity rates of the data sources related to some events impeded comparison, such that qualitative discussion and representation was employed (SNRA 2011, 6). The dynamic nature of some hazard is not modeled by the methodology used for…. [read more]


Homeland Security Assessment Report on Lynchburg Virginia Research Paper

… Homeland Security Assessment

The state of Virginia is considered to be a major security threat for terrorist activities. This is because the state is sitting in the backyard of the nation's capital. At the same time, it has over 64 urban areas which are increasing these vulnerabilities. According to a study that was conducted by the Justice Department they determined that communities throughout the state are high profile targets with them saying, "The state had 34 terrorism-related convictions from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department, and ranks fourth in the nation. The U.S. Attorney's Office for the Eastern District in Alexandria handles many international cases that do not otherwise have a state-based venue. Virginia has two of the 64 urban…. [read more]


DHS and the NPR Essay

… Part of these determinations it was found were based on the 31 core capabilities so that all community partners can inform program priorities (fema, gov, 2013).

The Presidential Policy Directive 8 (PPD8) has several monumental tasks, and with all of them, they're all still a "work in progress." Some of the goals of PPD8 involve national preparedness, building and sustaining it, and fostering federal inter-agencies. Some of the core capabilities outline in PPD8 means that it will take forever (if not a lifetime) to achieve them. For instance, the goal of long-term vulnerability reduction in the mitigation area, if focused on creating and sustaining "resilient systems, communities, and critical infrastructure and key resources lifelines so as to reduce their vulnerability to natural, technological, and human-caused…. [read more]


DHS: FEMA 2010 Compared Essay

… " (Government Accountability Office, 2013, p.1)

If FEMA fails to address the problems relating to grant applications for preparedness the result is that billions could be spent by FEMA and no method of identifying duplication would be available to prioritize the "development and maintenance of the most important preparedness capabilities." (Government Accountability Office, 2013, p.1)

Summary and Conclusion

Due to the failure of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to develop a method for identifying duplicate grant funding, the agency has had its funding cut as to continue to fund FEMA in its present state would result in billions being spent with no real method of accounting in place at present. FEMA is required to put into place some method of identifying duplicate applications so that…. [read more]


Homeland Security Essay

… Criminal Justice -- Homeland Security

Understanding Emergency Management

Emergency management refers to the entire network of government agencies, public institutions, and their various resources, policies, and procedures for responding to circumstances that threaten the immediate health and safety of the population (DHS-FEMA, 2006). These threats come from different sources, including so-called "acts of god," natural disaster, industrial accident, and intentional acts of destruction perpetrated by humans such as in connection with modern terrorism (DHS-FEMA, 2006).

Generally, emergency management consists of systems, policies, and procedures for implementing first responders to emergency situations and for providing external support and resources to areas affected directly by the consequences of emergencies. Those efforts typically include first response, emergency rescue and evacuation, medical triage and treatment, maintenance of government and…. [read more]


Homeland Security How Is Command Term Paper

… 4. What is the difference between Crisis Management and Consequence Management? Who is the LEAD AGENT in each case?

Crisis Management includes the means to identify, acquire and plan methods to prevent or resolve terrorism. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the lead federal agency for Crisis Management. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is the lead federal agency for Consequence Management. FEMA Defines Consequence Management as measures to protect public health and safety, restore essential government services, and provide relief to governments, businesses, and individuals affected by the consequences of terrorism.

5. What are the five elements of the incident command system? Give a short description of each?

The ICS has five functional areas -- command, operations, planning, logistics, and finance/administration. The incident…. [read more]


Managing Homeland Security Risk Discussion Chapter

… Not building homes in flood-prone areas or areas known to be magnets for tornados; instituting more effective gun control policies to ensure that rogue elements do not obtain firearms; and engaging in community outreach efforts to encourage the reporting of suspicious activities from within communities.

However, sometimes there is a very real opportunity cost associated with forgoing a particular initiative at the expense of another: for example, is it more important to construct wind shelters, as suggested by FEMA vs. engaging in counter-terrorism efforts? On a local level, communities often decide how to allocate their resources in a situational fashion. For example, in the Plains states, the construction of such wind shelters is deemed a vital necessity. However, in LA, in an area with many…. [read more]


Corrections Principal Directorates of Department Term Paper

… After evaluating the information that is available, the Secretary of Homeland Security decides, together with other Federal entities, whether an NTAS Alert should be issued or not (NTAS Public Guide, 2011).

NTAS Alerts will only be issued when reliable information is available. These alerts will comprise a clear declaration that there is an imminent threat or elevated threat. "Using available information, the alerts will offer a concise summary of the potential threat, information about actions being taken to make sure of public safety, and recommended steps that people, communities, businesses and governments can take to assist in preventing, mitigating or responding to the threat" (NTAS Public Guide, 2011).

"The NTAS Alerts will be based on the nature of the threat. In some cases, alerts will…. [read more]


National Incident Management System Theoretical Term Paper

… Generally, the incident command systems are the most common sets of command structures and terminologies, which are used on various incident scenes. They are important in providing efficient management of the resources that are involved during an incident resolution process. National Incident Management System is important in providing a national framework, which enables global responders work collectively on complex incidents. The National Incident Management systems command and management revolves around three key areas. The key areas are the Incident Command Systems, Public Information Systems and the Multiagency Coordination Systems. In this case, the National Incident Management System's Incident Command Systems revolves around the National Wildfire Coordinating Group. In contrast, the Incident Command Systems highly focuses on intelligence and information incorporation.

National Incident Management System Public…. [read more]


Homeland Security the Obligation Term Paper

… A variety of theories that have a lot to do with institutionalization has been evolving over the past years. Institutionalization is well-defined as the structural development and growth that includes implanting norms, rules, procedures, and performance that goes inside an organization (May, 2011). So as to analyze the institutionalization of homeland security establishments at the state level, this review initially emphases on the customary body of literature connecting United States governmental reorganization on the whole. It then will bring attention to the particular organizational theories that may have a noteworthy influence on the institutionalization of state level homeland security establishments in the modern situation. These theories consist of adaptation, informal and formal collaboration, and the nature of administrations.

Supporting Evidence

Even though theories connecting to…. [read more]


Implementation of National Response Framework Mission Area Essay

… How the United States conducts an all-hazard's response in the five preparedness mission areas of prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and disaster recovery.

The identified capabilities provide the U.S. government with the desired national preparedness and management of disasters. Disaster management occurs using a systematic approach consisting of different steps such a disaster/risk prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery. Disaster prevention encompasses capabilities considered necessary in avoiding, preventing, or stopping a threat or actual terrorism likely to face the state. It ensures that the state is prepared optimally to prevent potential terrorist attack within the state. Protection entails capabilities of the U.S. To safeguard the homeland from acts of manmade and natural disasters alongside terrorism. It concentrates on the actions developed to protect the U.S. citizens,…. [read more]


Managing Homeland Security the Government Is Responsible Essay

… Managing Homeland Security

The government is responsible for the safety of its citizens whether in the country or in foreign countries. The department of intelligence conducts internal and external instigations to ensure that its citizens are safe. The war on terror was instigated by the American government thus its citizens are at the risk of being exposed to terror threats. The American government has set up embassies across the globe which monitors the operations of their citizens in the foreign nation. Kenya is one such country in which the American country has an embassy. The American embassy had been attacked in 1997 killing some American citizens. This forced the department of internal security to put measures to protect the citizens in foreign countries. The September…. [read more]


Operation of the Homeland Security Essay

… 3. In accordance with the National Continuity Policy, executive departments and agencies are assigned to one of four categories corresponding with their COOP/COG/ECG responsibilities during an emergency. These categories are used for continuity planning, communications requirements, emergency operations capabilities, and other related requirements. The continuity program staff within an agency coordinates and oversees the development and implementation of continuity plans and supporting procedures. There are four pillars established. The first and second pillars have to do with leadership and staff people. The third pillar concerns communications and technology and the fourth pillar has to do with facilities.

1. Homeland Security Presidential Directive 21: Public Health and Medical Preparedness

2. This directive establishes a National Strategy for Public Health and Medical Preparedness (Strategy), which builds upon…. [read more]


Department of Homeland Security Research Paper

… On October 1, 2002, DOD activated a new regional combatant command, Northern Command (NORCOM), which plays the lead role in homeland defense for missile or air attack defense. Yet unclear is where DOD will fit into a support role for other homeland security missions, such as intelligence analysis; intelligence gathering and law enforcement; research and development, particularly in the chemical/biological area; and use of reserves and the National Guard in functions ranging from protecting airports and borders to assisting in the wake of national disasters.

We must be mindful that if we look at missions from the DOD perspective, much interest centers on keeping overseas military operations as the department's primary focus. Providing personnel and resources to the support of a homeland security mission, though…. [read more]


Security Management the Role Essay

… Obviously, this kind of organizational loss affects corporations most directly, but even governmental and non-governmental organizations ultimately feel the effects of this kind of loss, whether though reduced tax revenues or increased purchasing and supply costs. In addition, while these kinds of losses are more frequently viewed as the purview of regular management, rather than the security manager, the fact remains that the security manager is in fact responsible for certain elements of organizational security and risk management related to this kind of financial or market loss.

Having outlined the various kinds of organizational loss that might fall under the purview of a security manager, it will now be possible to discuss best practices and responses for dealing with organizational loss, with the further goal…. [read more]


Homeland Security Strategies Research Paper

… They also emphasize the Department's commitment to securing the U.S. from terror and beefing up security along the United States borders, enforcing immigration laws, securing cyberspace and generally building resilience to disasters (DHS, 2007). The other function often overlooked is to secure the major infrastructure like bridges and towers, airport as well as key natural resources and also respond to and recover from the incidences that may occur within the U.S. The mention of maximizing effectiveness and efficiency of the tax payer's dollar implies that the leaders of this Department are people of integrity.

From this paper it is clear how an organization's missions, goals, and objective are integral in coming up with a strategic plan. It is also clear that a strategy must have…. [read more]


DHS the United States Department Essay

… Although it would seem that FEMA does not belong, natural disasters can in fact present problems for national security.

3. Are there any federal, state and/or local agencies that are not present in the current organization and should be added (e.g. The FBI)? If so, explain why. If not, explain why.

It would not make sense to place the FBI under the same umbrella, given that some autonomy between government agencies is probably healthy and facilitates a system of checks and balances. However, excluding the FBI also prevents easy communication between it and the DHS so that some intelligence gathering might be thwarted. The DEA is also excluded, even though the DHS assumes some anti-narcotics roles with the Office of Counternarcotics Enforcement (CNE).

4. Has…. [read more]


Homeland Security Effects of Terrorism Term Paper

… Homeland Security

Effects of Terrorism on Homeland Security and Local Law Enforcement

The Homeland Security Program is supposed to work hand-in-hand with local law enforcement officials to instill national security and protection from the acts of terrorists. If one looks for a broad definition of Homeland Security, this definition would include air, land, and sea defense of the United States, countering the effect of attacks by weapons of mass destruction on U.S. soil (called "consequence management"), adding military support to local civilian authority, missile defense on the national level, worldwide web network defense, operations of counter-terrorism, operations to counter drugs, and border security by immigration control. In many of these areas law enforcement has worked with the federal agencies during the history of the United…. [read more]


Homeland Security Act the Terrorist Term Paper

… The WMD/terrorism project is designed to assist local jurisdictions in Texas to enhance their incident preparedness. This is done through instituting better local and state cooperation in connection with terrorism measures ("Division of Emergency Management").

With funding and provisions generated under the Homeland Securities Act, the office of Governor Perry has also instituted new measures to prepare for any emergency needs for "mass care." In the event of an emergency or attack, local jurisdictions would be given the authority to declare mandatory evacuations into designated shelters. Emergency responders are now being trained to understand the symptoms and effects of biological and chemical agents. Hospitals are also training staff and creating procedures regarding how to response in the event of a WMD attack ("Division of Emergency…. [read more]


Homeland Security Intelligence Term Paper

… Homeland Security Intelligence

The statement that intelligence is central to everything that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does is highly accurate and reflects the seven goals of the agency. Based on experiences, insights and intelligence gained from courses, and personal interest following the programs, this statement is accurate and also reflects the many activities, information systems and supporting processes the company relies on as well. It also speaks to the culture of DHS as a trusted source of intelligence throughout the global intelligence community (Hyong (2003), p. 55).

Analysis of the Seven Intelligence Goals of the DHS

The statement that intelligence is central to everything DHS does is supported by the following seven goals of the agency. Each of the objectives is briefly analyzed…. [read more]


Lynchburg Security Research Paper

… In particular, the report has assessed protocol enactment and accountability as appropriate security measure to respond to disaster prone areas. In addition, the report has compared the present security situation to the United Kingdom and clarified the necessity of devolving security management to the community level.

References

Agostino, D.M., & Jenkins, W.O. (2011). Catastrophic planning: states participating in FEMA's pilot program made progress, but better guidance could enhance future pilot programs. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Govt. Accountability Office.

Brownstein, C. (2007). Report of the DHS national small vessel security summit managing the risk. Arlington, VA: Homeland Security Institute.

Davis, B.J. (2011, November 1). Interagency Logistics Education and Training: Building Homeland Defense and Civil Support Liaisons: Disasters within the United States

Edkins, J. (2011). Missing: Persons and…. [read more]


Homeland Security and Preparedness, Response Capstone Project

… (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(2) Geo-Call Mapping A county map with colored push pins representing call types and locations. The color bar and pie charts correlating calls by day and time. Awareness of crime locations and nexus to day and time lead to meaningful patrol, prevention, and disruption. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(3) Deputies Resource Center The center offers professional magazines, intelligence pamphlets, and case law updates. This creates a professional culture with efficient and effective law enforcement. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(4) Intelligence Database Intelligence information is submitted. Intelligence is shared. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(5) All Hazards An intelligence analyst e-mails important information regarding potential public safety hazards. This leads to situational awareness among all public safety stakeholders. (Edwards, 2012, p.26)

(6) Open-Source Alerts An intelligence analyst…. [read more]

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