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Gospel of Luke Essay

… This was probably a relatively poor and marginalized group in the eastern half of the Roman Empire, Greek-speaking, and made up mostly of struggling artisans, craftsmen and freed slaves -- a quite typical community by the standards of early Christianity, although there may have been some wealthy persons among them. Luke and Paul could literally communicate with this group in their own language, rather than the high literary Greek of the aristocracy. This community would have seen Jesus as being similar to themselves, in that he also came from a relatively low status, and ministered to the common people, providing them bread, healing their sicknesses, declaring that they were all equals in the eyes of God -- part of the same divine family and Kingdom.…. [read more]

Jesus and the Synoptic Gospels Term Paper

… Gospels

The Bible is probably the most read and most controversial book in the history of humanity. Much of this controversy can be attributed to the first four books of the New Testament, which are referred to as the four gospels. The four gospels chronicle the life of Jesus Christ including his birth, ministry, death and resurrection. The purpose of this discussion is to examine these books of the bible. The discussion will aim to solidify the idea that the gospels are eyewitness testimonies whose differences and similarities are valuable in exploring and proving the historical life of Jesus Christ the Lord God on earth.

Brief overview of history related to the intertestamental period

There is a significant period of time, which separates the last…. [read more]

Exegesis of Matthew 7 21 23 Essay

… Matthew 7:21-23

An Exegesis of Matthew 7:21-23

Literary Criticism

Matthew 7:21-23 falls within the portion of the Gospel of Matthew concerning the Public Ministry of Jesus. It is more precisely located in the Sermon on the Mount in which Christ lists the eight beatitudes before proceeding to elaborate on what these beatitudes entail for the Christian way of life. Chapters 5 and 6 include a description of the beatitudes, as wells as the idea that Christ is the fulfillment of the Old Law, not the abrogation of it, the idea that His disciples should not harbor hatred, should have chastity, should love their enemies, should have purity, should pray, fast and trust in God.

Chapter 7 sees a continuation of the sermon as well as…. [read more]

Matthews Gospel Passion Term Paper

… Matthew's Passion

Passion of the Christ

For better or worse, Mel Gibson's Passion of the Christ has had a dramatic impact on the lukewarm Christian community, created fervent emotional responses to its mystic vision and a strange new popular movement towards ecumenism (which was not always welcomed by theologians on either side of this shift). The movie is deeply, inherently Catholic. it's visual iconography, from blocking and casting to the composition of shots to the use of saturated "stain glass" or rich stone-like colors to create a sort of live-action cathedral in motion -- all of these things are deeply rooted in the Catholic artistic tradition. Of course, this is the only artistic tradition which could possibly give birth to this movie, considering the Protestant…. [read more]

Survey of Matthew's Gospel Thesis

… ¶ … Gospel of Matthew: Chapter outline

Heading: Biography

Subheading: Back story

Jesus' origins -- Davidic line

Infancy gospel

John the Baptist's insight

Jesus' temptation

Heading: Teaching and preaching

Subheading: Sermon

Sermon on the Mount: Loving thy enemies

Sermon continued: Forgiving trespasses

Sermon continued: Beware false prophets

Subheading: Establishing Jesus' mission

Healing leper

Authority to forgive sins

Twelve apostles

Subheading: Establishing Jesus' message

Wisdom of babes

Contradicting Sabbath laws


John's beheading

Subheading: Jesus' divinity established to believers

Loaves and fishes

Chapter 16: Jesus identified as Son of the living God

Chapter 17: Prophesy of the meaning of the coming death and resurrection of Jesus

Chapter 18: Theme of forgiveness in teachings

Chapter 19: Valorization of the poor

Last first, first last

Subheading: Foreshadowing of…. [read more]

Survey of Matthew 1 1 17 Thesis

… ¶ … Matthew 1:1-17

The book of Matthew is the first in the New Testament, and therefore acts as the introduction to the Christian movement as introduced by Christ. Matthew's position in the New Testament also then logically suggests its relatively chronological consideration of the life of Christ, beginning with brief accounts of his genealogy, his birth, and his childhood. This inherent chronology further serves as a platform for the structural relationships that become evident as the reader progresses through the book. Specifically, Matthew 1:1-17 serves as a good introduction and indication of the overall message and further events in the book.

The assigned reading, along with the rest of Matthew, can be sub-divided according to its content. A generally descriptive title for Matthew 1:1-17…. [read more]

Gospel of Mark Term Paper

… ¶ … Gospel of Mark

Often regarded as the earliest of the four Gospels, the Book of Mark was written within perhaps thirty years of the time of Christ's death and alleged resurrection. Although it is an anonymous book, meaning that the true author is unknown and that the title of Mark was added at a later date, ancient tradition ascribes this Gospel to one John Mark, a disciple of both Peter and Paul, who is said to have completed it at Rome as a summary of Peter's preaching. The text shows considerable knowledge of Palestine and the Aramaic language (i.e. that spoken by Jesus Christ) with occasional Latin references which suggest the influence of Roman culture.

Originally written in Koine, being the traditional language…. [read more]

Jesus the Four Gospel Books Essay

… The provisions of Josephus ascertains that Jesus really existed and he performed wonderful miracles, crucified, died, buried and resurrected on the third day as indicated in the books of Gospel, "At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook, the rocks split and the tombs broke open. The bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life. They came out of the tombs after Jesus' resurrection and went into the holy city and appeared to many people" (Matthew 27: 51-53). Jesus is indeed the Son of God. According to the book of revelation, Jesus confirms that he is indeed the son of God who died and resurrected (Marxsen 1970, p.67) . In…. [read more]

Jesus: The Passion of the Christ Mel Term Paper

… Jesus: The Passion of the Christ

Mel Gibson's film "The Passion of the Christ" has afforded one of the most controversial, one might say anti-Semitic, depictions of the Israeli leadership of Jesus' nation and age. But this may come, simply, from the overwhelming focus of the film upon the dying savior, rather than Jesus the teacher as depicted, for example, in the Jesus of the Gospel of Matthew who gives "The Sermon on the Mount" to his followers. The Jesus of the Gospel of Matthew, often called the 'most Jewish Jesus' because of the birth and genealogy narrative that begins the gospel, stressing Jesus' ties to the royal Jewish house of David, and not the Nativity narrative of the Gospel of Luke, makes the Jesus…. [read more]

Homeric Epics and Mark Dennis Book Report

… They had invited the king to a feast and "then cut me down as a man cuts down some ox" (McDonald, p. 79). In Chapter 10, Mark's tales of the two feasts for thousands may have been based on popular legends, miracle stories, the miraculous feeding of the Israelites in the desert or the miracles of Elisha, but McDonald also finds parallels in the great feasts of King Nestor at Pylos and King Menelaus at Sparta, which Homer also wrote as a doublet. Mark also intended this to be a contrast with "boorish greed" of Penelope's suitors (McDonald, p. 85).

Other miracles of Jesus described in Chapters 11 and 12 have their parallels in the Odyssey, as does the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem in…. [read more]

Mel Gibson's Film, "The Passion Term Paper

… Thus while the portrayal of Christ's suffering may inspire deeper devotion, the emphasis on Jews as evil does not fit in with the doctrine of God's unconditional love and forgiveness.

Impact on Culture

Culturally the film has a significant impact because of its highly emotional and shocking nature. The issue of faith is furthermore portrayed in a very dualistic manner. A cosmic war between good and evil results in the death of Christ. The pawns of evil in the film are mostly Jewish, and any others influencing the decision to crucify Jesus. This encourages a dualistic view of the events in the film, and indeed in terms of culture.

The film for example does not encourage the all-encompassing love and forgiveness that are the foundations…. [read more]

Book of John Thesis

… John Gospel

The Holy Spirit as Introduced and Described in the Gospel of John

Modern Christianity is the product of twin evolutions, which have caused both a refinement of the teachings of Christ and an infinite splintering of sects devoted to his teachings. From their earliest incarnations within the Jewish faith though, the provocations of Jesus have instigated innumerable interpretations of the meaning of the content in the New Testament. Much of our understanding of the life of Jesus and the implications of his suffering is derived from the four gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.

The first three of these are known as the synoptic gospels, so-called for providing the canonical basis for the synopsis of the life, death and resurrection of Jesus,…. [read more]

Matthew's Passion Millennial Reign Term Paper

… .." (Blaising, 157) He describes how Premillenialism holds that the Rapture (the sudden return of Christ in which believers will be caught up into the air to meet him) will occur at some time before, during, or immediately after a seven-year period known as the Tribulation. This period is defined by the rise and rule of the Antichrist, the persecution of believers (be those the newly converted or the former church), supernatural plagues and catastrophes, and the eventual war of Armaggedon. After the Tribulation, Christ will return in his glory to establish a thousand-year reign of peace. Blaising begins this argument by defining what he sees as the main argument of other eschatologies as dealing less with the sequence of final events and more with…. [read more]

Religion Vocabulary, Christianity Essay

… Luke also talks about the baptism of Jesus and His temptations; and finally, details the crucifixion and resurrection. There are several parables contained in the text, which are among the most fruitful of the Bible such as the parable of the good Samaritan (NIV).

b. Important religious holidays and details about celebrating them:

Easter: Easter is the holiday that commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Easter is not just one day, but is the culmination of a series of holidays known sometimes as the Holy Week. The Holy Week starts with Good Friday, which commemorates the day of the crucifixion. The date of the Easter holiday changes from year to year (BBC Religion). Specific ways of celebrating Easter differ greatly depending on one's denomination.

Christmas:…. [read more]

John 5:13-21 Passage -- John 5:13-21 "Closing Research Paper

… John 5:13-21

Passage -- John 5:13-21 "Closing Exhortations"

I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life. 14 This is the confidence we have in approaching God: that if we ask anything according to his will, he hears us. 15 and if we know that he hears us -- whatever we ask -- we know that we have what we asked of him.

If you see any brother or sister commit a sin that does not lead to death, you should pray and God will give them life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead to death. There is a sin that leads to death. I…. [read more]

Historical Jesus Term Paper

… ¶ … Jesus

In looking to find the historical Jesus, the best source - the only source - are the Synoptic Gospels of the Bible. The "Synoptic" Gospels means that these are books, stories that can stand collectively because of their interrelationship with one another (Nickle, Keith F., 1980). This means that the Gospels are, for the most part, closely related in the expression of their theological views and in the telling of certain events the writer experienced during the life of Jesus; except for the Gospel of John (Nickle, 1980). The Gospel of John is the only "sanctioned" Gnostic Gospel in the New Testament (Brown, Raymond E., 1979). The Gospel of John stands apart from the Gospels of Mark and Luke, and appears to…. [read more]

Christianity: The Origin, Purpose Research Paper

… ..and after he brought them out, he said, "Sirs, what must I do to be saved?" They said, "Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household."

In other words, the primary distinction between Christians and Jews is a belief in Jesus Christ. More specifically, the fact that he died and rose from the dead. All that someone must do to be "saved" into the Christian faith is believe.

Once belief is accomplished, the results and changes in people's lives, according to Acts are substantial. An excellent example of this is the conversion of Peter from prepentacostal Peter to post-penticostal Peter:

But he denied it, saying, "Woman, I do not know Him." A little later, another saw him and said,…. [read more]

Inductive Bible Study Term Paper

… Inductive Bible Study IBS

Inductive Bible Study (ibs)

Detailed Observation/Analysis of Matthew 16:24-28

John 16:24: "Then Jesus told his disciples, "If any man would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me" (RSV).

John 16:25: "For whoever would save his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it" (RSV).

John 16:26: "For what will it profit a man, if he gains the whole world and forfeits his life? Or what shall a man give in return for his life?" (RSV).

John 16:27: "For the Son of man is to come with his angels in the glory of his Father, and then he will repay every man for what he has done."…. [read more]

Jesus and Mohammed Term Paper

… It was the Church who first gathered all the books of the Bible and gave its authoritative pronouncement that these books were the inspired Word of God and that they alone constituted the written deposit of faith -- to which nothing more would be added till the end of time. The Church, however, retained sole authority over the Bible -- and all interpretation was performed by it. Such was the case throughout the centuries. Thus, there was one doctrine and one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church.

The message contained in the Koran in the Muslim faith and tradition is somewhat different, however. For example, the two interpretations of the Joseph narrative in the Book of Genesis and in the Koran offer different visions of the…. [read more]

Jesus Just Jesus? -- the Image Term Paper

… Jesus

Just Jesus? -- the image of Jesus in Jesus (2000)

Significantly, the CBS-produced the television miniseries Jesus is not entitled Jesus Christ, but merely uses the first, given name of this famous Christian religious figure, teacher, and savior. The ideological purpose of the film is to humanize Jesus, rather than to stress the godlike iconography of the passion part of the gospel narratives. This naturally shifts the philosophical focus and plot development of the film. But Jesus as a teacher and teller of parables is not at the forefront, no more than the nativity or passion. Rather, the film's narrative constructs a Jesus who is a person on a journey of self-exploration in the 20th and 21st century sense.

Jesus" (2000) does not so…. [read more]

Theology Missiology Term Paper

… Global Changes in the Missiology of the 20th Century


A Paradigm Shift

The Early Church

The Modern Church

Correcting Edinburgh Explored

Formation of International Missionary Council (IMC)

Confusion Abounds

Response of Fundamentalist & Evangelical Movements

Problems Between and Among Evangelicals & Ecumenists

The Present View


The aim of this study is to examine the influential ideas that shaped mission thinking over the last century. This work will seek to point out to some theological differences and emphases represented by the various confessional groups such as evangelicals, ecumenical and Eastern Orthodox Church. At the same time it will seek to identify points of convergence in missionary thinking developed in the course of 20th Century that go…. [read more]

Weblogs and Spirituality Thesis

… Weblogs and Spirituality

The escalating uncertainty of economic systems, resulting lack of trust in financial, political and government entities globally have many people re-evaluating not only their purpose in life, but who they are.

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 had the same effect, yet the global economic downturn in 2008 is causing a much more fundamental, pragmatic, and in many cases, immediate -reordering of beliefs. With so much skepticism, lack of trust, and fear of the future, more people are turning to Christianity to seek answers and guidance through these very difficult times. The intent of this paper is to provide insights into how social networking in general and blogs specifically can be used to communicate and provide examples of how God's love…. [read more]

Comparison of Jesus in the Quran and the Bible Term Paper

… Jesus in the Quran vs. Jesus in the Bible

Muslims believe that a number of doctrines in the Quran or Koran directly oppose what the Bible teaches on Jesus, in particular, His divinity, His death atonement for sin and His resurrection. Adherents of the Quran maintain that Jesus Christ was only a human person, not equal to God and that He was not the Lamb of God. The contradiction has created much trouble and conflict among adherents of both sources of revelation that must be examined, as no less than eternal salvation is at stake.

The normative-descriptive method will be used in reviewing the literature gathered and in reaching a conclusion or position, based on the findings.

Major differences between the Quran and the Bible…. [read more]

Bible as Literature 6 Movie Review Movie Review

… Bible as Literature 6 Movie Review: The Passion of the Christ (2004)

There have been controversial movies made in the past and even in the present. These movies have often divided people with regards to their beliefs and opinions. One such movie is Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ, released during Ash Wednesday of 2004. Aside from directing the film, Mel Gibson was also one of the producers along with Bruce Davey, Stephen McEveety, and Enzo Sisti; the lead role of Jesus Christ was played by Jim Caviezal. Unlike other movies depicting the life of Jesus Christ, The Passion concentrated on the last twelve hours of his life with the opening scene showing Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane in agony. From then followed…. [read more]

Mark the Book Term Paper

… "For Mark the figure of Jesus as the founder of the new movement was the place to start a new reflection, and the place to end it." (319) Mark is likely the earliest of the canonized gospels, but is probably predated by a number of gospels known as 'sayings gospels,' such as "The Gospel of Thomas," and "Q-source" both of which lists famous phrases allegedly recounted by Jesus over the course of his ministry on earth. (Cameron, 1982) Mark aligned these sayings gospels, which stressed the radical nature of Jesus' teachings, such as the parable of the fig tree, with the significance of Jesus' death.

Thus, Mark's Jesus is a Jesus of rejection by the Jewish establishment. (It should be noted that Mark, as a…. [read more]

Death of Jesus - Use Term Paper

… Brown breaks down the comparative ways in which the individual Evangelists expressed the Gospel and gives at least a small hint as to the context of the need for such a representation.

A few of the examples that Woodward uses to express this point of Brown's are: Marks very human portrayal of Jesus on the Mount of Olives first asking God to spare him the fate that his followers refuse to share. The time of Mark gave need for people to see Jesus as very human as they risked rejecting Martyrdom out-of-hand. He also discusses Luke's telling of the healing, by Jesus of the ear of a servant who was maimed in an act of rash revenge by one of Jesus' followers after a pronouncement…. [read more]

Comparative Religions Essay

… ¶ … Religions

Religion has always been a controversial matter, and, while non-believers have constantly argued that it is all just a waste of time, religious people has kept their passions and their convictions. Regardless of the background that a certain religion has, there are always several laws guiding the respective faith. Whether it is Buddhism, Hinduism, or Christianity, religion constantly has its followers behaving according to certain principles.

In comparison to many of the religions practiced in the western world, Hinduism promotes contentious matters such as reincarnation, and, achieving of enlightenment through intense states of mediation. Hindus are generally acknowledged for their obsession to study the human spirit and everything related to it. There are numerous concepts in Hinduism which people from other religions…. [read more]

Scripture According to Christian Tradition, Mark Term Paper

… ¶ … Scripture

According to Christian tradition, Mark, who served as both interpreter and disciple of Peter, took responsibility to write down the teachings of his pedagogue after both his and Paul's death. While Mark's regeneration of the life of Jesus was individual in its own right, the writer's link to Peter through both tutelage and faith was a foundational bedrock for the gospel. The book of Mark parallels that of his religious fore fathers, providing both textual and emotional support to their claims about Jesus. Though it, like the other gospels, suffers from a problem of synoptic recognition, its strength as a religious tool was reaffirmed in the early church, making it an everlasting source of rhetoric and culture for the Christian faith, comprehensive…. [read more]

Religion Historical Purpose of Romans Research Paper

… They were not the original branches, though broken, that God had loved and made a part of His intended kingdom since the days of Abraham. Paul's use of strong language in both their cases is meant to ensure that Jews and gentiles understand there place in the family of God, and what the lot of the other is also.

Israel Not Rejected

Paul was from the class of Israelites, a Pharisee, who knew the most about the law and the prophets. To be a member, he had to be able to quote easily from the Law (Torah) and the Prophets (Neviim). But, he knew that the people he was speaking to could also. He did not have to explain to the Jewish Christians what he…. [read more]

Christian Apologetics Term Paper

… Christian Apologetics

If and when a Christian makes an honest effort to convert a member of the Islamic faith, there is no definitive strategy and no book of rules to follow. But the Christian who has a great deal of passion about his or her faith must also have a great deal of patience and respect for the Muslim's beliefs before launching the conversion effort. This paper points to the need for respect and tolerance Christians must embrace during conversion attempts.

ISLAM: Islam is probably the most often misunderstood of all religions. This is because of the fundamentalism combined with extremism that has resulted in campaigns of terrorism against the West by certain radical Arab groups who claim to be motivated by Islamic tenets. These…. [read more]

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