Viewing papers 1-15 of 15 for measurement AND of AND parole AND effectiveness

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Measurement of Parole Effectiveness Thesis

… ¶ … measurement of parole effectiveness. How does one measure parole effectiveness? For most people, parole effectiveness is measured by how many parolees and probationers remain free from crime and do not return to prison. However, with such a large and diverse parole population, it is extremely difficult to measure the exact amount of parole effectiveness in the United States, and it is extremely difficult to gauge the effectiveness of parole in the future. There are predictors and measurements that apply both to adult and juvenile offenders, and those predictions and measurements will fill the scope of this paper.

Parole can be defined as the release of a prisoner into society earlier than their sentence on the condition that they remain lawful and crime-free in…. [read more]


measuring the effectiveness of corrections programs Essay

… 2). Recidivism studies have shown, on the other hand, that focusing on root causes can lead to desirable outcomes. The root causes do not necessarily need to be broad, daunting, or sociological in nature such as mitigating the effects of poverty or racism. Przbylski (2008) cites numerous criminal justice studies that show how focusing on individual factors reduces recidivism far better than re-entering prison. 'Research shows that when supervision is service-oriented and focuses on the individual offender's deficits that are related to criminal behavior...recidivism can be significantly reduced,' (Przbylski, 2008, p. 2). Mental health interventions are the most important of the alternative and preventative reform measures.
Finally, it is important to understand better the ways measuring recidivism impacts the effectiveness, legitimacy, or validity or program…. [read more]


Public Policy Alternatives to Improve the Nation's Prison Overcrowding Dilemma Term Paper

… Public Policy Alternatives to Improve the Nation's Prison Overcrowding Dilemma

There are more individuals per capita incarcerated in the United States than in any comparative democracy that is an industrialized nation anywhere in the world. The sentences imposed on offenders in the U.S. are longer and the U.S. is one of the last nations on earth to practice capital punishment or what is commonly known as "the death penalty." Increasingly individuals are being locked up male and female and both adult and child. Collateral impacts from incarcerations of this enormity are costly to society both in monetary as well as in social terms. The findings of this study are simply that there exists alternative measures of punishment that are more cost efficient and more conducive…. [read more]


Drug Courts the Department Term Paper

… The treatment providers are now left free to maintain the treatments and therapy necessary for the success of the program. It is their duty too to maintain communication with the Drug Courts about the progress of treatment and the resulting rewards and sanctions that would be awarded to the persons in the program. The stupendous success of the programs implemented by the Drug Courts of the U.S.A. may be due to, in large part, the strict implementation of rules and regulations to be followed by the drug users when they are within the program. The participant does follow the rules, of his own volition, and thus increases the effect of the program. 9

The rules are clear and stable and the participant's progress is measurable…. [read more]


Deterrent Effect, if One Exists Research Proposal

… ¶ … deterrent effect, if one exists, of the death penalty on violent criminal acts in states with capital punishment laws compared to those that do not. Authoritative legal resources will be used to develop appropriate definitions of capital punishment, capital crimes, and violent criminal acts for the purposes of the proposed study. Various relevant metrics will be used to gauge the deterrent effect of capital punishment if one exists, including the murder rate per 100,000 citizens, and the number of violent crime acts per 100,000 citizens in states where the death penalty exists compared to these same rates in states that do not have the death penalty. In sum, the proposed study seeks to identify any relevant correlation between violent criminal acts in general…. [read more]


Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gangs: Threat to National Security? Thesis

… ¶ … predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (aka MS-13), and the 18th Street Gang operating on the streets of communities across America. This study is significant because it will provide a snapshot in time concerning how these violent gangs operate in this country in ways that can inform and alert both civilian society and government agencies concerning optimal responses to the problem created by these gangs. Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of documentary evidence and governmental statistics about the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang, this study developed several conclusive findings on the negative effects of these groups in the United States. The Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang are becoming transnational criminal organizations given the fact that they originated in Central America and…. [read more]


Preventing Crime: What Works Research Proposal

… ¶ … Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn't, What's Promising" by Lawrence W. Sherman, Denise C. Gottfredson, Doris L. MacKenzie, John Eck, Peter Reuter, and Shawn D. Bushway

According to Sherman, one of the major problems with modern crime prevention programs is that many of them simply do not work. However, society continues to put resources into these programs, largely because they have not been appropriately evaluated, making it possible to determine which ones are successful and which ones are unsuccessful. Not only is this lack of effective evaluation a waste of resources, it also creates the potential for a public backlash against crime prevention programs, because it increases the likelihood that public funds will be used on ineffective programs. While Sherman believes that there…. [read more]


Parenting Program for Women in Drug Treatment Thesis

… Parenting Program for Women and Children in Residential Treatment



Addiction is something that has been around for many years, and there have been increasingly new ways of treating it that have been created over the course of much research and study. There are many different forms that addiction takes, and there are many different drugs and substances that someone can become addicted to, even if they are not of the age that most people would think of when they picture people that would start down that particular road. Most individuals think of addicts as primarily young, minority men in their 20s and 30s that rob, steal, and cause other problems in order to get their drugs or alcohol. However, there are also…. [read more]


Offender Tracking and GIS Geographical Information System Research Paper

… ¶ … offender tracking systems have been used for the past 60 years or so, including physical visitations by law enforcement authorities to offenders' residences to verify their presence as well as telephonic and television camera systems that can be used to verify offenders' presence in their homes without physical visitation being required. These traditional offender tracking methods, though, are labor intensive and require significant law enforcement resources to implement, maintain and administer. Recent innovations in technology have introduced a better approach that uses geographic information systems powered by global positioning systems together with computer-based applications that can automatically verify offenders' compliance with the terms of their release. This paper reviews the relevant literature to provide an overview of geographic information and global positioning systems,…. [read more]


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs. Psychoanalytical Therapy in Sex Offender Treatment Term Paper

… Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Psychoanalytical Therapy in Sex Offender Treatment

The overall goal of sexual offender treatment programs is to reduce the likelihood that the offender will engage in future acts of sexually abusive behavior. Research has proven this goal an unenvious task because the variables leading to sexual abuse are not yet fully understood and there is often considerable resistance on the part of the offender to become engaged in the treatment process. Cognitive behavioral therapy has been the modality of choice for sex offender treatment, however recent studies indicate an increase in the acceptance of psychoanalytical therapy. This article will describe the benefits and limits of psychoanalytical and cognitive therapy while contrasting the use of these theories in treating sex offenders.

Background of…. [read more]


Adolescent Substance Use Screening Instruments Term Paper

… " (Zoccolillo et al., 1999) Thus, the AAOD student is at a clear disadvantage in terms of successfully completing a high-school diploma and moving on to a career-oriented post-secondary education.

Additionally, high school is generally also a milieu in which the adolescent learns other non-academic life skills, including mature means of relating to peers and supervisors, responsible treatment of deadlines and priorities, and the perspective-broadening value of sports and other extracurricular interests.

Absenteeism limits the opportunities for acquiring such skills, and even while attending, the AAOD student in all likelihood will not maximize the chance to participate in meaningful relationships and activities. Playing sports while drunk or stoned, or both, obviously also risks serious injury for the student and his or her teammates.

At its…. [read more]


United States Has the Highest Essay

… However, 78% of sentences imposed by United States federal courts in 2005 involved incarceration, whereas 3% of sentences involved only fines and in 2004 70% of convicted felons in state courts were sentenced to incarceration. Essentially, in the United States people are more likely to be sentenced to prison for federal and drug offenses than other countries and these sentences are lengthier in duration. A person sentenced in the United States for burglary will serve about 16 months in prison, whereas in Canada they will serve about 5 months and in England about 7 months. In England only 12% of prisoners, compared to 41% in the United States have been sentenced to 10 years or more. Six percent of prisoners in England convicted of drug…. [read more]


Education: The Intolerance of Zero Term Paper

… For the girls, poor academic performance proved to be the most significant warning sign for later delinquent behavior. However, in the case of the boys, it was peer rejection that proved most important.

Of the 26 male adolescents who displayed high levels of antisocial adolescent behavior, 38% were rejected by their peers in elementary school....Likewise, of the 24 male children identified as being rejected by their peers in elementary school, 40% went on to display high levels of adolescent delinquent behavior. (Lewin, Davis, and Hops, 1999, 18) strong adverse reaction to peer rejection was taken as a sign of the subject's having a very high sensitivity level. A high sensitivity level combined with an inclination toward aggressive behavior is the most common cause of physically…. [read more]


Privatization of Prisons Essay

… For determining this, there is a need for an analysis to be made that would assess the relative cost effectiveness of the private prisons as compared to the public ones. Where many studies have been conducted to do, there are many problems that exist to compare the issues that are there pertaining to level of security, definitions of service, accounting methods and measurement of costs. Moreover, one will not find enough research that has been done on the prisons and that is peer-reviewed and often it happens that these researches are being directly funded by the private prison industry itself and therefore the conclusions of these studies are doubtful.

Private-public relationship

Public private partnership that can also be referred to as P3 is now being…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Essay

… The court system, defenders, prosecutors and correctional units also make valuable use of information technology. The introduction of digital technology, for example, provides evidence presentation systems that include laptop computers, DVD players, VCRs, printers and cameras for instant exhibit displays. While answering questions on specific topics, an expert can use visual technology to provide more information and a better understanding. Another area of interest for the correctional institutions is called technocorrections, which includes electronic tracking, pharmaceutical care and genetic and neurobiological risk analyses. In addition, electronic monitoring is used for locating people on probation and parole, as well for the application of wrist bracelets that keep track of an offender's location. However, according to Pattavina (2005), above all these technological advances "Arguably the most valuable…. [read more]

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