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Media if 911 Essay

… d.).

As CNN points out in its "Top Ten Stories of 2004" article, the debate over gay marriage in the United States was flaming during 2004 but it never really took fire in the news due to the other major world events such as the war in Iraq, the questionability of Bush's leadership, the failure of the Democrats to position a valid candidate to oppose Bush, and ultimately, the tsunami. The media's main topics of discussion centered squarely on terrorism -- on the Bush war, on the validity of that war vis-a-vis the 9/11 commission as well as public opinion, and the fears gripping the American public related to terrorism. Terrorist attacks in Spain escalated global fears that the terrorists were winning; even Chechen rebels…. [read more]

Media Ownership Concentration Thesis

… The AT&T Wireless acquisition of T-Mobile was shot down because of the power the new company would have wielded and similar action must be taken in the entertainment and fashion publication industries.


Lee, S. (2013, August 15). 'Duck Dynasty' premiere recap: Wait, did I just cry? | PopWatch | Entertainment Weekly's PopWatch Blog | PopWatch | Retrieved October 5, 2013, from

Mongretta, E. (2013, September 25). Miley Cyrus Disses Taylor Swift In 'Rolling Stone' -- " Calls Her Vanna White - Hollywood Life. Hollywood Life - Latest Hollywood Gossip, News & Celeb Pics. Retrieved October 5, 2013, from

Pearson, C. (2013, October 5). Fashion And Eating Disorders: How Much Responsibility Does Industry Have?. Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington…. [read more]

Media Bias and Public Opinion Term Paper

… Such reporting is nothing more than propaganda." (POLLAGANDA - Manipulating Public Opinion, 1998.) This has, the authors suggest, produced a new term - Pollaganda - which is defined as follows:

Media polling is used to manipulate public opinion and advance a particular bias. This is primarily accomplished by television networks, on which most people rely for daily news. (Those who rely on print media for information are less likely to be subjected to extreme bias and more inclined to discriminate between balanced and biased reporting.)


POLLAGANDIZE: to engage in pollaganda. (1) The systematic propagation of television media polls to manipulate public opinion by firstly saturating a viewer with "reporting," which reflects a doctrinal bias; secondly, designing and conducting public opinion surveys that reflect that…. [read more]

Media Bias a Liberal Society Term Paper

… The findings has close association to the conclusions drawn by Lichter/Rothman analysis so as to prove that the media person are more significantly liberal and even more liberal than the general public. Ever since the conclusions several other findings were also made to confirm that the journals are more liberal than the common man. (The Media Elite) In 1996, a survey of Washington Journalists has fastened the splitting as 61% of liberals and 9% of conservatives. (Media Bias)

A report made by Pew Center in July 2003 depicts that 53% have faith on the political orientation of the news agencies, more than double opine about the liberal attitude of the news agencies that constitute about 51% in comparison to that support the 'conservative' views. (Bozell…. [read more]

Media Bias in America Term Paper

… Media Bias

Knowledge is rarely neutral, often consciously shaped by these special interests and then unconsciously imbibed from our earliest childhood experiences as cultural "normality." More ominously, manipulation, misinformation, and deception are inescapably entwined with one's belief in the "truth." Propaganda also impacts on the level of public discourse by positively as well as negatively influencing the democratic process. Propaganda is thus common to how image makers influence, how educators teach, how sellers sell, and how elites govern."

Richard Alan Nelson

Political Media Bias

Without a doubt, political media bias exists, and has for a very long time. In fact the basis of the prolific media in the early development of the nation was simply as a voice for the varied political ideologies to demonstrate…. [read more]

Media Communications Representation of Characters Research Paper

… However, the image is not sustained much and Charlotte tried to convince Samantha that Charlotte loves the man and that marriage is their ultimate destination to be happy. Such representation of image and women's role indicates towards 'patriarchic' symbolism.

Findings and Conclusion

Ideals of image vary from time to time and place to place, this is supported by theory of social constructivism that revolves around social groups giving meaning to words, symbols, and mutual interaction. Modern industrial society has been consumed by 'wave of media advertising' whereby images of 'lifestyle' and 'feminist' women are represented. In case of Sex and the City, New York was represented as a place where women came to seek their ideal life-partners. All characters heavily indulged in beautifying their bodies…. [read more]

Media Culture Essay

… Media Culture

My opinion of traditional news has definitely changed. I am more critical of the news now that I understand theories of framing and agenda setting. For the most part, news outlets play to their target audience, the audience that they intend to deliver to their advertisers. This definitely helps to frame the way that they present the news and present their arguments. By framing issues the way that they do, news agencies can impact on how people think about the facts that are being presented. This can affect the way that people think about certain issues.

News organizations can definitely influence our political decisions. When people vote, they do so on the basis of their understanding of the issues and where the different…. [read more]

Media Worlds Term Paper

… Media Coverage of the 2012 Presidential Election

The diverse and sometimes ugly stories, attacks and sundry reports that have been published in print and broadcast in the media (including electronic media) thus far in the 2012 U.S. Presidential Election campaign reflect just how divided the nation is. These stories and ads in fact say as much about the sorry moral state of America -- and about how out-of-control the issue of politically motivated money is -- as they do about the campaign or the candidates. It is the opinion of this writer that there has rarely been a time in recent American history when conservatives and progressives have been so bitterly divided, and have attacked one another with such meanness and fierce antipathy -- in…. [read more]

Portrayal of Class by Media Essay

… Others still point to the newer media sources, commonly referred to as the "new media" and they bemoan the appearance of new media sources and forms in that it has further polarized and flared up the media sphere and made the medium all that more untrustworthy and problematic as compared to the way it was before. (Baum & Groeling, 2008). The media, however, is certainly paying attention to income inequality and class and they are reacting negatively to the newer media voices that have come to emerge from the proverbial ether.

However, a lot of those new media sources are coming about due to the paltry job that the existing media is doing and the very duplicitous nature of that media coverage. For example, there…. [read more]

Free Are American Media Events Essay

… More often than not, these pressure groups and civil society activists have accused the American media of broadcasting information in order to achieve and support coveted goals and that too with support of sensitive and coveted agencies (Entman, Robert & Kimberly, 20). In general, such notions about the American media are perceived on grounds of the past trends in their reporting practices. Channels such as Fox, CNN and NBC have been frequently accused of working in liaison with the American Intelligence agencies and reporting in biased ways.

The 9/11 tragedy and the American media

In the contemporary history, the infamous 9/11 tragedy and the way it was reported around the world, emerged as an important case study of how information is relayed and controlled to…. [read more]

Media in America Term Paper

… But that will not solve their problem, because it has been the so-called fourth estate, the news media, that has collaborated with Congress in preventing the Executive Branch from operating in secrecy. The news media, as Woodward makes clear, are never going to return to the pre-Watergate days when a president's actions were not questioned. Nor should they, even in a time of war."

Many critics argue that increasing media ownership concentration and the drive to sensationalize or commercialize news coverage have taken away the guts and gumption that investigative reporting requires (Waisbord, 2001). Business pressures have also had a negative effect on investigative reporting, as journalistic demands for a great deal of time, human and financial resources directly conflict with profit expectations and production…. [read more]

Media Bias in the International Media People Thesis

… Media Bias

Bias in the International Media

People all over the world depend on news agencies to find out what is happening in the world around them. Humans are curious by nature and like to know what others are doing. They depend on news agencies to provide them with the information that they seek. They expect that information to be true and as honest as possible. Standards dictate that good journalism presents both sides of a story and digs for the roots of the situation. It does not favor one side or the other and presents the facts in a fair manner. However, the question asked of every reader is if these goals are achieved.

The following will look at two of the most well…. [read more]

New Media Implications the Improvement Essay

… Others view them as heroes that are fettering out the facts and figures that the established news media does not want others to see. Whether one views them as legitimate news makers or just part of the audience that is just stirring things up can vary, but this obviously is an example of the lines between audience and newsmakers blurring significantly.

To zoom back out a little in terms of new media vs. The older established media, there has been a media war underway between "old media" and "new media" outlets and there are many real-world examples of this that are readily findable in research. One example of this was when the established media was accused in 2012 of being anti-Israel, almost to the point…. [read more]

Media Injustice Essay

… " (Chiyamwaka, p. 1) Economic interests play a big part in the allegiance of these and all media outlets.

These economic interests also play into a sort of sensationalism that glorifies violence and atrocity. For instance, the media's proclivity in the event of tragedies such as the Boston Marathon bombing has been to extend the fame and visibility of the perpetrator while paying precious little attention to the victim's story. According to Glazer (2013), "it is the media's responsibility to report on stories in a manner that reminds us that the victim really matters, and the accused should be forgotten." (Glazer, p. 1)

As a counterpoint, there are grass-roots efforts at bringing media into a more democratic space through the use of independent social media.…. [read more]

Public Opinion How Is Public Opinion Formed Term Paper

… Public Opinion

How is public opinion formed and what are some of the influences that go into public opinion? According to a scholarly sociological study in the journal Political Behavior, there are four central concepts related to the forming of public opinion. The first is heuristics: they are "common judgmental shortcuts that people use to draw complicated inferences" and hence, make decisions; typically, those shortcuts are endorsements, affiliation with a certain party, polls, and the demographics the candidate reflects (Druckman, et al., 2009, p. 491). The second concept is media priming: a person is environmentally active, and by seeing the president on television promoting environmental causes primes that person to vote for the president; in other words, the media presents candidates' positions and voters form…. [read more]

Media Criticism Killing the Messenger: 100 Years Term Paper

… Media Criticism

Killing the Messenger: 100 Years of Media Criticism contains a collection of fifteen essays on media criticism. A UC Berkeley Graduate School Dean at the time of publication, Editor Tom Goldstein's selections span several centuries, focusing on the American press in particular. Goldstein is keenly aware of both the power of the press over a society and of the lack of adequate self-criticism among media professionals. Killing the Messenger was published in the 1980s, long before the first "Survivor" episode hit American airwaves to spark off a wave of reality television shows. Killing the Messenger also hit the presses decades before the 2000 presidential election or September 11 and therefore predates the current media crises facing the United States. Nevertheless, Goldstein's collection of…. [read more]

Media Influence in the Bu Essay

… In another part of her article O'Brien presents the following statement about BSL-4 labs, "Furthermore, research sometimes focuses on engineering weaponized organisms, making them even more deadly. These facilities test diseases known to cause epidemics and kill thousands." Although it is true that during part of her article she does touch upon some of the safety procedures and regulations involved during testing, she fails to report on the very low level accidents that have actually occurred in BSL-4 during several decades of testing. Using phrases like the ones above tend to scare people, and when people are scared views and perceptions become skewed.

Reporters try to inform people on current events while at the same time providing a service that is invaluable to some. They…. [read more]

Media Ownership Term Paper

… The journalists and station managers in the local Fox TV affiliate are producing less and less of the news segments seen in Madison's Fox channel. Instead, these news and commentary segments are produced in "NewsCentral," a centralized communications production station operated by Sinclair. The same news segments and commentaries are piped to all the local affiliates, from Madison, Wisconsin to Flint, Michigan to Rochester, NY (Schmelzer).

Proponents of the NewsCentral approach argue that this is an efficient way to bring news coverage into local markets which would not otherwise be able to support its own news channels. However, it also has another effect. First, as Schmelzer points out, there is the danger that news that is important to the local communities will not get covered.…. [read more]

Public Relations Term Paper

… For instance, public relations for a new film could involve a promotional Happy Meal tie-in with McDonalds, and the transgressions of an actor like Hugh Grant with a prostitute were mitigated using public relations techniques such as having the actor appear on Jay Leno. Even medicine has been affected by the new venues offered by public relations firms. "Aggressive marketing by drug companies has led to over prescribing, said Dr. Avorn, who is also a professor of medicine at Harvard." (Duenwald, 2004) Public relations refers not only to advertising, which does not directly affect sales to prescription drugs, but to direct marketing by drug companies, and solicitations from drug company salespeople.

Print and televised advertising campaigns thus only scratch the surface of the various techniques…. [read more]

Media: An Exercise in Sensationalism Term Paper

… This results in a narrow perspective and limits the information available to consumers about important issues in the world.

The pursuit of profits and increasing mergers between news companies has resulted in inadequate media coverage. According to Croteau and Hoynes (2001) increasingly news media agents are pursuing profits by working together, but the result is an edging out of ideas and discussion of topics and subjects that might be more valuable to the public than sensationalism. News divisions in recent years are merely the product of capitalist society, having become "just another profit center for conglomerate parents" that are required to yield profit ratios (Champlin & Knoedler, 2002). A trend toward media "concentration" is also occurring where most of the mass media in the country…. [read more]

Privatization of U.S. Media Term Paper

… Media Privatization U.S.

Privatization of the media in the United States has promoted growth in new media technologies and helped the country reach its current position as a global leader in communications. However, a privatized media restricts access to communications resources, limiting editorial voices to the for-profit sector. Corporate-run media means more potential for economic growth but stifles diversity of opinion. Moreover, media privatization has enabled the current conglomeracy situation in which a relatively few number of major corporations own and operate almost all the media outlets in the United States. If the media is essential to a democracy in disseminating information and permitting a plurality of voices, then media conglomeracy may in itself be undemocratic. By definition, privatized media restricts access to resources. The…. [read more]

News Media Bias Research Paper

… ¶ … Bias

Whether or not news media bias exists, Americans believe it does and those perceptions undoubtedly influence the relationship between the populace and the press. Mistrust of the media has the potential to harm the democracy, for the Fourth and now the Fifth estates are central for providing access to information. The credibility of that information is at stake if news media are biased. News media has been steadily shifting from a model based on unilateral delivery of heavily editorialized print and television resources toward a model that is more multilateral in nature as it relies on the interactive nature of the Internet.

Research on media bias reveals that the public does perceive bias, whether or not it is there, and that the…. [read more]

Media During Wartime Thesis

… Media During Wartime

The media plays an important role in our lives. The news cycle has evolved from the once a day evening news or the twice a day local news or from the newspapers to an on-demand 24-hour news cycle. On cable, in addition to the Networks, there are at least five additional channels where the news might be obtained at any time, day or night. The Internet has also played an important role in the news cycle. The availability of broad band connections and Wifi in public places has helped people connect to the news no matter where they are. Through email and personal blogs (web logs) a news item can be made "viral" within a few minutes. Most well-visited websites have RSS…. [read more]

Partisanship of the News Media Research Paper

… Partisanship of the News Media and Its Effect on the Last 25 Years of United States History

Media Impact & Partisanship

In the 21st century, there has been a particular development on the media front, and which has completely changed the outlook of media towards political factions (Merriam-Webster). The act of partisanship has been on the rise and media houses tend to share this particular emotion with each other. Partisanship refers to the emotion or feeling of a particular type, which is developed without any instigation and is carried without taking into consideration the flipside or other options. Talking about media, they often carry a particular type of thought for a particular political party, and this thought is then transferred towards the audience through their…. [read more]

Racism and Bias in Media Essay

… Word about anything, especially friends or family members going though the northbound migration or southbound deportation process, spreads very quickly."

(Tate, 2014)

While not necessarily the most pejorative language, it nevertheless establishes the people from the nations in question as different from Americans and in a way that promotes the most narrow-minded view of "illegals."

It is hardly a new phenomenon, either. In 1912, when black heavyweight boxing champion Jack Johnson was arrested and jailed for violating the federal Mann Act, the Chicago-American newspaper published the following headline: "Johnson Locked Up in 41/2 by 8 Ft. Cell: Negro In Rage As He Is Jailed" (Wilkes, 2007). Obviously, that choice of wording perpetuated the prevailing view among racist white Americans that "Negroes" were more animal-like than…. [read more]

Media and the Iraqi War Term Paper

… ¶ … Front-Page War:

How Media Complicity Created the War in Iraq

Two thousand years ago, an empire did not need justification to go to war. If the populace was unsupportive of the war, they could always be placated with mass executions, with bread and circuses. Two thousand years ago, if the military and its commanders wanted a war, all they needed was the command to march -- and if their victims were going to resist invasion, they did so through love of the fatherland, not because of some sort of multimedia spin control. Unfortunately for the hawks of the new American Empire, times have changed. America is an aging republic in which the opinions of the populace are still at least moderately important. Though…. [read more]

Media Claim Analysis Research Paper

… Media Analysis: Obama's Jobs Bill

Unemployment is a huge problem in the United States. The recent economic recession has left a lot of people in the nation without work for long periods of time. Unemployment in a nation usually leads to an increase in crime, mental health issues, and other social ills for the population.

Politicians have taken many steps recently to solve the problem of unemployment. President Obama, a Democrat, has proposed a "jobs bill" in Congress to stimulate the economy. However, members of the opposition party, the Republicans have disputed many parts of the bill, saying it is wasteful and irresponsible.

This type of political warfare is nothing new for the nation. Republicans have tried to block the efforts of Democrats in dealing…. [read more]

Media and Politics the War in Iraq Term Paper

… Media and Politics - the War in Iraq

While political relations between government and media have always been rife with corruption, disagreement, and discontent, never are these ties more tenuous nor crucial during times of war. War, like the one in which the United States and its allies are currently engaged in Iraq, brings to a critical height the importance of media, its freedom, and its control as relating to its government. "I hate newspapermen," General William Sherman announced nearly a century and a half ago. "They come into camp and pick up their camp rumors and print them as facts. I regard them as spies, which, in truth, they are. If I killed them all there would be news from Hell before breakfast."

If…. [read more]

Media Violence and Violent Behavior Thesis

… Media Violence and Violent Behavior

The notion that violent media -- especially violent film, television, and video games -- plays a role in contributing to violent and criminal behavior in children and youths of all ages is an idea that has long been a topic of controversial discourse. Is there a link between media violence and violent or criminal behavior? Huesemann and Moise (1996), authors of "Media violence: Demonstrated public health threat to children," posit that there is absolutely a direct correlation between violent media exposure and violent and/or criminal behavior in children and youths. They make a strong case for their position by using examples from over 100 studies that have taken place over the last 40 years -- all around the globe. America…. [read more]

Poll Opinions Essay

… ¶ … Public Opinion Polling and Social Security

On Election Day in 1948 newly elected President Harry Truman smiles in a photograph where he holds a copy of the Chicago Tribune, which reads, "Dewey Defeats Truman." Basing its information on public opinion polls, as well as other resources, the Chicago Tribune printed the election results before they were really tabulated in order to meet a print deadline. While the incident is humorous, it offers an excellent case study in the incorrectness of public opinion polls. The polls are often meaningless for a variety of reasons, yet they are waiting on every corner for the general public during an election year. Televised and radio newscasts present the numbers over and over again, while the Internet now…. [read more]

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