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Media and Violence Term Paper

… Media and Violence

Contradicting Causes

Is television alone responsible for 10% of youth violence? (Statistics, 2005) Does society need to "shoot" or annihilate the messengers who bring literal and "real-life" acts of violence and bad news? Is media only a mere messenger or, as Cooley (1985 (1996) purports: Bold in depicting violence timid in morals? Does violence depicted in music, video games, movies, magazines, and on TV cause or trigger "real-life" violence? These questions, alongside other concerns related to media and violence are explored in this paper. Regarding the charge that the media instigates violence, the Media Coalition repeatedly argues, "No." ("Shooting the Messenger...," 2000) This organization stresses that current charges that the media incites violence are myths that have transpired for more than 90…. [read more]

Media and Violence Does Media Affect Behavior Term Paper

… Media and violence: Does media affect behavior?

Ever since the rise in popularity of television in American households from the 1950's until today, the public has been complaining that there is too much violence in television programming (Potter 2006). Debates have been going on for decades concerning media violence and its effect on behavior however there is substantial evidence to support the fact that media violence does have negative effects on behavior.

According to the American Psychiatric Association, American children will have seen 16,000 simulated murders and 200,000 acts of violence by the time they reach 18 years of age (Muscari 2002). In the November 2002 issue of Pediatric Nursing, Mary Muscari notes that these numbers "exclude time spent watching movies, playing video/computer games or…. [read more]

Media Violence the Potential Relationship Essay

… Instead, the burden of proof lies with those proposing a causal link between media violence and aggressive behavior, and in this case they have utterly failed to meet that burden.

The debate discussed in this essay will likely not be completed any time soon, and further research is clearly needed to better understand the relationship between media violence and aggressive behavior. While the extant research has demonstrated a relationship between the two, the nature of this relationship remains indistinct. While preference for violent media can help predict the likelihood that someone will engage in aggressive behavior, this is very different from saying that violent media actually causes that behavior. Nevertheless, the notion that violent media causes actual violence has become extremely popular both in the…. [read more]

Violence in Media Research Paper

… Feshbach, S. And Tangney, J. "Television Viewing and Aggression Some Alternative

Perspectives." Perspectives on Psychological Science, Vol. 3 (2008): 387 -- 389.

Haridakis, P.M. "Viewer Characteristics, Exposure to Television Violence, and Aggression." Media Psychology, Vol. 4, No. 4 (2002): 323 -- 352.

Krahe', B., Moller, I., Huesmann, L.R., Kirwil, L., Felber, J., and Berger, A.

"Desensitization to Media Violence: Links with Habitual Media Violence

Exposure, Aggressive Cognitions, and Aggressive Behavior." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 100, No. 4 (2010): 630 -- 646.

Potter, W.J., Vaughan, M.W., Warren, R., Howley, K., Land, A., and Hagemeyer, J.C.

"How Real is the Portrayal of Aggression in Television Entertainment

Programming?" Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, Vol. 39 (1995):

496 -- 516.

Sherman, C. "Violent Video Games…. [read more]

Violence in the Media TV Movies and Video Games Research Paper

… Violence in the Media and Children

Violence in media has become a serious problem. Children are heavily exposed to violence in films, TV shows, and video games from their early ages. This heavy exposure to violence may lead to aggressive and violent behavior, encouraging children to see violence as normal. And because of the popularity of violence in media and the fact that children today represent a very lucrative market, the entertainment industry takes advantage of this situation by targeting children for their products that glorify violence. In essence, the producers of violent media content and video games are guilty of child exploitation. To address the problem, the public needs greater regulation of violence in media to protect children.

Violence in Media: Why Greater Regulation…. [read more]

Media Violence and Youth Article Critique

… Still, former violent beliefs and previous violence of students (followed by parents' physical violence) were also important factors that did not confirm part of this hypothesis. The researchers did well to confirm these facts by utilizing regression analysis for each of the dependent variables during the time the second assessment was administered. The results also showed that a dearth of warmth and well-being in school also contributed to violent media exposure (Hopf et al., 2008, p. 85).

The results of hypothesis two indicate that horror and violent films are the strongest contributor to violent behavior, but that electronic video games are the strongest contributor to delinquency. These results were predicated upon a composite score of early media violence as relating to the aforementioned two sources…. [read more]

Media Archaelogy and Videogames Essay

… The author lists a variety of other women who have played an important role in media archaeology. The point is that there is no person whose work is negligible or indeed of more vital importance simply because of their gender.

Like the changes we experience in technology and communications today, there is also a change in our view of society in terms of class and gender. Indeed, the greater accessibility of media by everybody has leveled the playing field in the social and corporate worlds to a greater extent than ever before.

Even in gaming, women and men have equal access. In the online world, one's gender, class, and any other physical attributes are disguised behind the face offered as an alter ego in the…. [read more]

Media / Favorite Form Essay

… The whole purpose of the social responsibility theory is the notion that media's first allegiance is to the public for general edification purposes. The media then is responsible for keeping the public informed, aware, and current on the sort of social news that is the most meaningful. Oftentimes, artists may address social issues (in CDs) that are not given significant coverage in the mainstream media. Problems such as homelessness, drug addiction, and the debilitating effects of violence are routinely discussed within socially conscious music. Other messages are decidedly more political -- such as the outpouring of Southern based artists regarding the slow response and reaction to Hurricane Katrina in 2005 on the part of the federal government. This sort of outpouring -- again, which is…. [read more]

Media Violence and Aggressive Behavior Research Paper

… Media and Aggressive Behavior

The media's influence on violence and aggression has indeed been a topic of great debate recently. Whether or not aggressive video games or violent television shows and movies affect an individual's ability to control their emotions is up for examination. Albert Bandura's bobo doll experiment has been cited as being the most influential study relating children to aggressive behaviors after watching a violent act on television. Most supporters state that this experiment is proof that watching too much violence in the media will affect a person's ability to be aggressive and in fact make children more prone to exhibiting violent behaviors (Perry 2013). The bobo doll experiment itself proved to be right in concluding that children are affected by watching others…. [read more]

Violence in the Media Promotes Aggressive Behavior Thesis

… Violence in the media promotes aggressive behavior.

How would you go about testing this hypothesis?

Testing the hypothesis that media violence promotes aggressive behavior would ideally take place in a closed clinical environment to isolate any other causal variables and to control what content participants viewed. I would need to define and quantify what constitutes violence in the media, and I would likewise need to define and quantify what characterizes aggressive behavior. The population sample would need to be controlled for age and possibly gender as well as by other factors such as hours spent watching television or prior displays of aggression.

How would you determine that individuals acted in an aggressive manner after exposure to media violence? In other words, what is your operational…. [read more]

Violence in Public Schools Essay

… A child's normal development can be hindered when the child is bullied -- and that hindrance can carry into adulthood, Horne explains; in fact early childhood bullying can become a "risk factor for adolescents' suicidal behavior" (68). And teachers in elementary school can usually identify a student who will later "…exhibit delinquency and criminal behavior" that is true because elementary school bullies often grow into offenders during their adolescent and young adult years (Horne, 68).

School Violence -- Forms of Bullying

Dorothy Espelage and Susan Swearer edited a book titled Bullying in North American Schools (Second Edition); they define bullying as a "complex phenomenon," deserving of being linked with school violence (Espelage, et al., 2004, 3). Research on bullying indicates that it is a "discriminatory…. [read more]

Media Is an Extremely Powerful Essay

… Bibliography

Croteau, D., & Hoynes, W. (2001). The business of Media. California: Pine Forge Press.

Daily Source Org. (2005-2012). Current problems in Media. Retrieved May 2, 2012, from Daily Source:

Part Two

Media is produced primarily to serve public interest. One can say, the media content, in one way or another, reflects the culture and norms of the country it is produced in. In this globalized world making one's tradition popular is difficult, luckily media has given people the opportunity to show and promote their culture via movies, video games and social networking sites (Croteau & Hoynes, The Business of Media, 2001). But recently this trend has turned the other way round and it is now the media that shapes one's culture. The culture…. [read more]

Media Influence on Values Deeper Essay

… The greatest concern has been the influence of media on children. Studies have shown that this influence has steadily increased as various types of media have become more sophisticated and available to the American public (Clark, 2011). On the one hand, this availability and greater affordability have been beneficial in enhancing children's learning, educational enrichment, opportunities, participation and entertainment. But on the other hand, media also increased children's exposure to violence, sexual immorality, poor health habits, and persuasive advertising specifically aimed at children (Clark).

Not Almighty

While the power and influence of media cannot be denied, there are other stronger and deeper factors that deflect its influence and power. Foremost are media literacy and parental involvement (Clark, 2011). If a child or student is thoroughly…. [read more]

Media Violence and Violent Behavior Thesis

… Media Violence and Violent Behavior

The notion that violent media -- especially violent film, television, and video games -- plays a role in contributing to violent and criminal behavior in children and youths of all ages is an idea that has long been a topic of controversial discourse. Is there a link between media violence and violent or criminal behavior? Huesemann and Moise (1996), authors of "Media violence: Demonstrated public health threat to children," posit that there is absolutely a direct correlation between violent media exposure and violent and/or criminal behavior in children and youths. They make a strong case for their position by using examples from over 100 studies that have taken place over the last 40 years -- all around the globe. America…. [read more]

Media Violence Term Paper

… Media Violence



For more than thirty years, an intense debate has raged in American society regarding the negative effects of violence on children through such mediums as television, film, literature and other mass media sources. Many researchers, in fact a good percentage of them, state without hesitation that violence in the media negatively affects the development of young children, especially in the way that they interact with their peers and with society as a whole. Others continue to argue that violence in the media does not negatively affect young children, at least not to the point of creating and manifesting violence in their personal lives. Overall, research conducted within the last ten years has come…. [read more]

Media Violence Term Paper

… Media Violence

The American Psychiatric Association exclaims, "The debate is over. Over the last three decades, the one overriding finding in research on the mass media is that exposure to media portrayals of violence increases aggressive behavior in children." In addition to the correlation between exposure to violent media and aggressive behavior, the APA asserts: "that exposure to depictions of violence causes desensitization and creates a climate of fear." However, causation is difficult to ascertain, as sociological and psychological studies in the area of media violence can generally only suggest correlation, not causation. Nevertheless, children are exposed to countless violent imagery, imagery that has become increasingly realistic over the past several years due to advancements in technology. Not only do movies and television shows glorify…. [read more]

Violence in Media the Public Essay

… Violence in Media

The public debate over media violence dates back to the 1930s when experts began to question its effects on youth while also considering the manner in which society should address this potential dilemma (Anderson and Gentile, 2007). The meteoric rise of television that began in the 1950s further exacerbated the situation; and a wealth of studies conducted since then by both government and nongovernment organizations confirms there are consequences to viewing disturbing images.

There is no doubt that violence is a constant element in the varied forms of entertainment media. The question is whether exposure to brutality and bloodshed invoke acts of violence on the part of a young viewer; and, if so, should the media be held liable for such. These…. [read more]

Media Violence Blaming Social Term Paper

… Also, famed criminologist James Q. Wilson responds to the issue by commenting, "No doubt violence on television and in the movies heightens aggression among some people some of the time, but we have virtually no evidence that it affects the serious crime rate.'" Thus, crime rates incorporate other factors, especially economic conditions, which have a significant and nearly wholly accountable effect on violence in society.

Richard B. Felson's paper on "Mass Media Effects on Violent Behavior" outlines three points. He first states that media violence, in laboratory conditions, has an equal effect on antisocial behavior as it does on aggressive behavior. Second, contrary to general view regarding punishment in the media, he determines that the media is the most likely avenue to display punishment following…. [read more]

Media Violence and Children's Aggressive Behavior Annotated Bibliography

… Media Violence and Childrens Aggressive Behavior

Escobar-Chaves, S. L . & Anderson, C.A. (2008). Media and Risky Behaviors. The Future of Children 18.1.

Because contemporary children have access to electronic media on a daily basis, it is virtually impossible for them not to risk being negatively influenced as a result. This certainly takes its toll from society, considering that young people engage in a series of harmful activities trying to replicate what they see in the media. The effects are not expected to emerge for a number of years, as "media violence causes an increase in the likelihood of future aggressive and violent behavior" (Escobar-Chaves & Anderson 2008). This article presents violence as being only one of the many damaging effects of the media, given…. [read more]

Media and Violence Does Media Affect Behavior Term Paper

… Media Violence: Does media affect behavior?

The debate over the effect that media has on behavior, especially violent behavior of individuals who view it is an ongoing and heated one which will likely never have a definitive answer. Yet, this does not stop the need to address the situation and to determine the nature of media violence and also the nature of human behavior and its real change. The debate has been raging since the invention of mass media, but has culminated in recent years with the increasingly violent television programming, which is for the most part freely accessed and the representation of violence and anonymity on the internet and in video games and the like. This new debate is also armed with the visible…. [read more]

Media and War the Cold Research Paper

… Media and War ( the Cold War )

Shakespeare's play King Lear is a magnitude of desolation, stripping off human character and impregnating its audience with mixed up feelings of sympathy and sorrow. Mother Night by Kurt Vonnegut, although written some centuries after the former, raises some similar questions in regards to human nature and the transformations it is subjected to in certain circumstances. Although one is written a tragedy and the other a novel, both resemble a dramatic scenario that leave the readers taunting and tantalizing on the truthfulness of values and whether or not they do exist.

In King Lear, human feelings are dehumanized by greed and will for power as the king himself eventually realises, once his daughters receive their part of…. [read more]

Violence in Schools: Qualitative Research Essay

… These included "community reactions to media intrusion, pending litigation involving the Board of Education, an Internet threat resulting in another closure of the school, and the shooting deaths of two Columbine students (Hawkins et al. 2004: 198). Responses, as is often the case with qualitative research were 'coded' so they could be compared with the responses of other interviewees. Common codes included cognitive responses, emotional responses, and responses relating to social adjustment (Hawkins et al. 2004: 198).

All of the students were asked about their initial response to the event -- which they recoded as characterized by confusion and terror. None of the parents were in the school during the time of the shooting, but they recalled their experiences upon initially learning about the events…. [read more]

Media Bias in America Term Paper

… Media Bias

Knowledge is rarely neutral, often consciously shaped by these special interests and then unconsciously imbibed from our earliest childhood experiences as cultural "normality." More ominously, manipulation, misinformation, and deception are inescapably entwined with one's belief in the "truth." Propaganda also impacts on the level of public discourse by positively as well as negatively influencing the democratic process. Propaganda is thus common to how image makers influence, how educators teach, how sellers sell, and how elites govern."

Richard Alan Nelson

Political Media Bias

Without a doubt, political media bias exists, and has for a very long time. In fact the basis of the prolific media in the early development of the nation was simply as a voice for the varied political ideologies to demonstrate…. [read more]

Violence in America Education Term Paper

… The Joint Statement, however, also points out that when these entertainment media showcase violence, particularly in a context which glamorizes trivializes it, the lessons learned can be destructive. A copy of this joint statement is attached to our testimony. Entertainment violence Is certainly not the sole, or even necessarily the most significant, factor contributing to youth aggression, anti-social attitudes and violence. Family breakdown, peer influences, the availability of weapons, and numerous other factors may all contribute to these problems. However, there is no question that entertainment violence does have pathological effects on children, and the AMA believes that because violence is a public health threat, careful consideration must be given to the content of entertainment media.

Summary and Conclusion:

There are many factors that contribute…. [read more]

Media Influence on Eating Disorders and Why Thinness Is so Sought Term Paper

… Media and Eating Disorders

Media, both electronic and print, tends to clouds one's judgment of reality. This is what cultivation theorists maintained, propagated and argued for. Even though theorists such as George Gerbner, did not include print media when he expounded his cultivation theory, we cannot deny that in today's world, print media has just as profound an impact on our perceptions as electronic media. Both print and electronic media have been criticized 'for depicting thin woman as ideal' (Holmstrom, 2004) and it is widely believed that these unreal images of women feed a female's insecurities about herself and usually have a damaging impact. In this paper, we study how media contributes to the culture of thinness and the role it plays in mounting cases…. [read more]

Media in "The Cultural Logic Term Paper

… Media

In "The Cultural Logic of Media Convergence," Jenkins describes the two "seemingly contradictory" trends in American media (33). Those two trends include new media democratization and consumer empowerment on the one hand, and corporate conglomeration of mainstream media on the other. Another way of framing the dichotomous trend is in reference to excess fragmentation vs. excess homogenization. Jenkins also points out that convergence is not an "endpoint" but a process that reflects how consumers interact with technology, with information, and with each other. The convergence of media is dependent on and akin to a convergence of technology, in which one device serves a multitude of functions. The smartphone is the quintessential example of the converged media device. In some ways, media convergence signals the…. [read more]

Media and Society Term Paper

… Media/Society

Book Section Summary

Croteau, David R. & William Hoynes. Media / Society: Industries, Images, and Audiences. Pine Forge Press, 2002.

Media / Society

Although 'the media' has always existed, in terms of word-of-mouth and folklore, the advent of print created something new: a mass media that could extend far beyond the borders of the places that produced it. This fundamentally changed the nature of human social relations. The media is both produced by human social relations and is changed by shifts in human social relations (16-18). For example, the modern American Civil Rights movement sought to end segregation. Negative media images of African-Americans had reinforced the values of racist society. However the images of nonviolent civil disobedience on the nation's television screens created a…. [read more]

Media and United States Foreign Policy Accounts Term Paper

… Media and United States Foreign Policy

Accounts of Involvement

The initial role of media was limited to the deliverance of news report, but with the passage of time and introduction of technologies, the media under went restructuring and a change in its policies and objectives were observed. The media has associated itself with its foremost task of covering the news report, and providing the complete insight to the viewers and readers. However the media has added more dimensions to its previous adopted work style. The media has involved the public opinion in the reporting process, and substantial weightage is given to the public opinion in terms of weekly or monthly polls on the topic of relevance and significance. All these activities have contributed towards reducing…. [read more]

Media Injustice Essay

… " (Chiyamwaka, p. 1) Economic interests play a big part in the allegiance of these and all media outlets.

These economic interests also play into a sort of sensationalism that glorifies violence and atrocity. For instance, the media's proclivity in the event of tragedies such as the Boston Marathon bombing has been to extend the fame and visibility of the perpetrator while paying precious little attention to the victim's story. According to Glazer (2013), "it is the media's responsibility to report on stories in a manner that reminds us that the victim really matters, and the accused should be forgotten." (Glazer, p. 1)

As a counterpoint, there are grass-roots efforts at bringing media into a more democratic space through the use of independent social media.…. [read more]

Media Bias in the International Media People Thesis

… Media Bias

Bias in the International Media

People all over the world depend on news agencies to find out what is happening in the world around them. Humans are curious by nature and like to know what others are doing. They depend on news agencies to provide them with the information that they seek. They expect that information to be true and as honest as possible. Standards dictate that good journalism presents both sides of a story and digs for the roots of the situation. It does not favor one side or the other and presents the facts in a fair manner. However, the question asked of every reader is if these goals are achieved.

The following will look at two of the most well…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.