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Marijuana Medical Marijuana: The Interplay Essay

… In 1981, Miami was the financial and import central for cocaine and marijuana. As a result of the task force, drug arrests and drug seizures were at an all-time high which gave the public a sign that the war was being won. However, what the public didn't realize is that even with the record number of arrests, the presence of drugs in the country was still expanding exponentially. When the government would put one drug dealer behind bars, two more would pop up. Despite the "War on Drugs" best efforts, the drug problem in the United States has still steadily expanded.

Political Issues

The United States has less than 5% of the world's population but it has almost a quarter of the world's prisoners (Liptak,…. [read more]


Medical Marijuana Legislation and Civil Research Paper

… A deductive process of elimination should be used to determine if American citizens deserve to decide for themselves whether smoking or ingesting marijuana is morally permissible, when the concept of "deserve" is viewed the prism of utilitarian ethics. If the number of individuals for which marijuana provides therapeutic, palliative or otherwise beneficial relief exceeds the number of individuals for which marijuana has acted as a "gateway drug," the current federal ban on its production, distribution and possession is acceptable from a utilitarian perspective. However, if an examination of the statistical evidence suggests that legalized marijuana use for medicinal purpose has no causal connection to the use of "hard" narcotics -- and thus the societal harm created by these highly addictive substances -- a legislative policy…. [read more]


Medical Marijuana: "The Use Term Paper

… Medical Marijuana: "The Use of Marijuana for Medical Purposes"

Even though, marijuana is an illegal drug it has many advantages and disadvantages for medical purposes, but because of the legal status surrounding the use of the drug, there are only several states that legalize marijuana for medical use.

There is a running controversy over the Marijuana policy in the United States. While there is a clamor about its benefits, the Federal marijuana policy is very restrictive and the traffic of the substance is still held as a criminal act. On the other hand some states in the United States have made liberal amendments to the state laws. State laws and citizen groups have recently challenged the federal policy and have come out in support of…. [read more]


Medical Marijuana the Debate Term Paper

… Medical Marijuana

The debate over medical marijuana laws has fueled the debate over its true benefits, its risks and its impact on children. This essay discusses the pros and cons of these arguments, finding that medical marijuana does have legitimate medical purposes. It may have risks, but this is a relative term that needs to be weighed under individual circumstances. And, data does not support the contention that medical marijuana use is increasing use by children.

Opponents of medical marijuana contend that it doesn't even have any medical value. A 1999 U.S. Institute of Medicine study to asses the potential health benefits of marijuana concluded that smoking marijuana is not recommended for the treatment of any disease condition. The study indicated that there are currently…. [read more]


Medical Marijuana the Debate Term Paper

… These drugs do not have the same problems typically associated with marijuana use:

The main ingredient in the cannabis-derived medicines does not contain the active substance found in recreational cannabis and so patients taking the new drugs will not become intoxicated. Their prescriptions will not be subject to the international treaties banning the production and sale of cannabis.

Travis)

Indeed, legalization for medical purposes is the only clear solution to this matter. The situation as it exists right now is inhuman and cannot continue. It is necessary for the United States government not to write laws that cause its citizens to suffer in pain or turn to illegal methods in order to relieve their pain. It is essential that the United States government show its…. [read more]


Marijuana Legalization Debate Term Paper

… Marijuana in the 21st Century

The purpose of this paper is to objectively define the various criterions that make up each side in the marijuana legalization debate and conclude which arguments hold the most veracity. To give the reader of this paper a concise view of individual criterions, both sides of the issue will each receive a paragraph's worth of attention, with the pro-legalization paragraph immediately preceding the anti-legalization paragraph. Let us begin by defining the term legalization as it pertains to marijuana use.

Legalization is defined as a policy abolishing criminal and civil penalties for the possession or sale of marijuana (Boyd 1). Instead these penalties will be replaced with regulation. Such regulation are inclusive of limitations on marijuana use that are consistent with…. [read more]


Medical Marijuana Is Something to Consider Bill Term Paper

… Medical Marijuana Is Something to Consider

Bill Number CA 345657686

This bill will legalize the use of marijuana in its natural form for those that meet the criteria set forth. Patients who have a documented disorder or illness that creates chronic pain, and other methods of relief have failed, as well as those who are undergoing chemotherapy treatments and AIDS treatments will be allowed to become certified by their physician to carry a medical marijuana card. This card will allow the patient to grow and possess marijuana in quantities not larger than one ounce at a time for the purpose of personal use to alleviate their symptoms.

Imagine going through chemotherapy and coming home to be so sick to your stomach you could not function.…. [read more]


Medical Marijuana and Civil Liberties Research Paper

… The concept of preserving civil liberties is entirely dependent on the collective recognition that such liberties do indeed exist, and yet government policy on marijuana use in many instances simply omits this crucial recognition of individual rights, enforcing baseless bans on growth, use and distribution simply out of habit. One of the long pondered debates among political philosophers concerns the state of nature concept underlying much of social contract theory, with the esoteric term being used to describe the hypothetical human condition which logically preceded the institution of organized government. Engaging in a rigorous deconstruction of this hypothetical condition, one defined by a societal structure in which man's rights are not protected by the power of the state, provided political philosophers like Thomas Hobbes and…. [read more]


Marijuana Should Be Legalized Research Paper

… ¶ … marijuana should be legalized for medical use in the United States. Fourteen U.S. states have already approved the use of marijuana in treating a variety of medical conditions. Studies indicate that marijuana is beneficial in treating many different medical conditions, from HIV / AIDS to Alzheimer's disease, and harmful side effects that plague many other prescription drugs are at a minimum. Because of this and other compelling evidence, marijuana should be legalized for medical use in America.

The legalization of marijuana for medical use has been contentious for decades. More and more studies indicate it has many beneficial aspects, and the risks are not as great as many might think. Marijuana can lesson the pain of many severe illnesses, and it has been…. [read more]


What Makes Marijuana Okay to Prescribe to Cancer Patients? Research Paper

… Medical Marijuana

The question of whether and when to prescribe medical marijuana to patients suffering from debilitating and potentially terminal diseases like cancer is so complicated because it locates the potential conflict between medical ethics and the law in the patient-physician relationship. This relationship presents the core upon which any medical treatment program is built, and understanding what makes it acceptable to prescribe marijuana to cancer patients requires understanding the physician's responsibilities to the patient. Physicians are ethically required to do no harm to their patients, and as a potential treatment of the symptoms of cancer, marijuana presents an option where the potential harm seems minimal, even if the legal classification of marijuana presents it as a dangerous drug. Examining the potential benefits of prescribing…. [read more]


Legalization of Medical Marijuana Term Paper

… Medical Marijuana

Legalization of Medical Marijuana

The legalization of medical marijuana has been an issue of passionate debate during recent years. Opponents fear that legalizing marijuana for medical purposes will open the door for legalization across the board, and cite that synthetic versions of the drug work as well or better. Proponents hail it as a wonder drug for a number of medical complaints, and claim that synthetic marijuana does not offer the same relief as the pure form. Based on available research, there appears no true logical reason for allowing medical marijuana to remain an illegal drug.

Archeologists in Taiwan uncovered clay pots from 8000 B.C. that were decorated with strands of hemp (Earleywine 4). Societies have been smoking, eating, making clothes, and trading…. [read more]


Legalizing Marijuana Will Boost the Economy Thesis

… Marijuana

The Practical and Economic Benefits of Decriminalizing Marijuana

The United States is in a state of serious recession. States, municipalities and the nation as a whole are struggling with diminished revenue, loss of jobs and a decline in productivity. As the federal government resorts to expensive bailouts, our budgetary scenario remains frighteningly precarious. Simultaneously, the United States has dedicated billions of dollars, thousands of lives and countless yards of prison space to a war on marijuana that fails logic on a broad spectrum of points. As an invaluable cash crop with various positive health benefits, few proven drawbacks and the capacity to significantly reduce the crisis of American debt, marijuana should more rationally be embraced by the American government. The potential benefits to the…. [read more]


Editorial on Legalization of Marijuana Article

… Legalizing Marijuana

In this era of spiraling medical costs, if there is a product that has never caused any deaths, has proven benefits, and is inexpensive, it should not only be legal, but should be aggressively pursued by governmental agencies to aid in the health care crisis. Would you be interested in a substance that could alleviate nausea and vomiting for most cancer and chemotherapy patients? How about a way to stimulate hunger so that AIDS and other immune-suppressed individuals can eat again? How about this same substance that could lower pressure on the eye and treat glaucoma? How about chronic migraines, back pain, or even nausea and vomiting cased with hepatitis? and, would you be excited if you knew that preliminary studies show that…. [read more]


Marijuana or Cannabis Was First Research Paper

… However, opponents will continue to show the physiological and mental health effects associated with marijuana use as shown in the findings of various researches. The increase in debates on marijuana's health effects will be fueled by the federal ban on the substance. Thirdly, various stakeholders in the health care sector will increasingly support further research and development of the medicinal value of marijuana use. The researches will be geared towards enhancing understanding of the drug's actions in light of its effect on various health conditions.

Conclusion:

The arrival of marijuana in the United States has been characterized with exciting and tainted history because of the political, economic, and scientific aspects of its use. The history of marijuana in America includes its use for medical purposes…. [read more]


Is Medical Marijuana a Crime or a Contravention on Our Civil Liberties? Term Paper

… ¶ … medical marijuana a crime or a contravention on our civil liberties?

Are the Federal Laws against Medical Marijuana Constitutional?

There is not a shred of scientific evidence that smoked marijuana is useful or needed. -- U.S. Drug Czar, General Barry McCaffrey, August 16, 1996

Marijuana is the safest therapeutically active substance known to man... safer than many foods we commonly consume. -- DEA Judge Francis L. Young, September 6, 1988

The epigraphs above are illustrative of the differing opinions concerning the use of medical marijuana in the United States today. While the debate over medical marijuana continues to rage and national trends suggesting that the majority of Americans favor its legalization, the U.S. Supreme Court has recently held that federal law as codified…. [read more]


Marijuana Should Be Legalized Term Paper

… Thus, the FDA should use available studies, and allow the question of medicinal marijuana to be decided through legislation that would affect the entire nation, rather than leaving it to a few states to ratify or deny.

Would legalization send the wrong message to children? This is probably the most difficult argument to analyze, because it is so controversial. Children in our society today already use marijuana in record numbers, and so "sending the wrong message" may already be far too late. Marijuana is not perceived as a dangerous drug in much of the nation, and the worst symptoms from marijuana may be smoking it, it is much more dangerous than smoking cigarettes, especially on young lungs. Marijuana would not be legal for juveniles, it…. [read more]


Advantages of Medical Marijuana Essay

… Nursing

Advantages of Medical Marijuana

Marijuana has been a chief ingredient in natural remedies for thousands of years. Marijuana products were used in China and India as early as 3000 B.C. To treat a variety of ills, from easing the pain of childbirth to relieving asthma and epilepsy, even improving appetite and disposition. Over the years Marijuana has been used to treat a number of different diseases. In the United States, as many as 30 marijuana-based medicines were distributed as recently as 1937, when the Marijuana Tax Act closed the door on further medical use of the drug. But the door didn't stay shut. As the use of Marijuana has expanded, researchers have begun to reconsider the possible therapeutic uses of this drug. A lot…. [read more]


Advantages and Disadvantages of Medical Marijuana Use Term Paper

… Medicinal Marijuana

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Medicinal Marijuana

The purpose of this paper is an evaluation of the advantages of medicinal consumption of marijuana compared with the disadvantages of consumption. There is a tremendous body of evidence in recent years supporting the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes, particularly with regard to chronic pain treatment and treatment of certain central nervous system disorders such as multiple sclerosis.

Likewise however an equal number of researchers have continually pointed out the potential negative effects of marijuana use, whether for recreational, religious or medicinal purposes. It is unclear at this point in time whether the advantages of medicinal cannabis outweigh the disadvantages; one thing is clear: use of marijuana whether for medicinal purposes or otherwise is a…. [read more]


Advocacy for Medicinal Marijuana Research Paper

… However this argument fails completely when one considers that many patients are out in the black market to get what they want, and many a times the lives of these very people are put at risk by the usage of low quality synthetic replicated drugs ( Manila Bulletin, 2011).

From a Medical point-of-view, the only negative effect of Marijuana, besides the abuse of the non-medical version, has been that the drug can damage the lung if inhaled in excess (Seteve Sussman, 1996). However, there is research underway trying to find alternate ways, and already progress has been made in this regard.

The Pro Argument:

The major argument in defense of this drug comes from the very users who have been using it, legally or illegally…. [read more]


Legalization of Marijuana Thesis

… Legalization of Marijuana

Illegal substances have been subjected to various debates from the public, as society has condemned their use and the fact that they are becoming more and more common among people of all ages. In the struggle to stop the widespread of drugs around the world, certain individuals fail from detecting the difference between substances which can be categorized as drugs and substances which cannot. Cannabis, for example, is frequently identified as being a dangerous substance, with people comparing it to high-risk drugs such as cocaine and heroin.

However, unlike high-risk drugs, Marijuana has a larger number of supporters, most probably because of the fact that its effects have come to be appreciated over the years.

Californian Governor Arnold Schwarzenneger, himself, has claimed…. [read more]


Legalizing of Marijuana Essay

… Legalization of Marijuana:

One of the most controversial issues and topics that have occurred in the recent past is the debate over the possibility of legalization of Cannabis Sativa, which is also known as Marijuana. The debate regarding the legalization of marijuana has mainly been fueled by the emergence of many movements and groups in support of the move. The support for legalization of the drug has resulted in the adoption of such actions in several places like California where marijuana is already lawful for medical purposes. While some people in the American public are concerned with the adverse health effects and damages related to marijuana, others totally support the legalization of the drug.

Proponents of the legalization of marijuana use the advantages of such…. [read more]


Ethics of Legalizing Marijuana Essay

… For example standards of justification, moral principles or truth are sometimes said to be relative to language, culture, or biological makeup (Swoyer, 2010)."

This definition readily applies to the question as to whether or not marijuana should be legalized, principally because of the tenuous nature of the topic itself, which is largely colored through the opinion of the individual subject who is considering it. Quite simply, relativism can easily be used to justify both legalization as well as prohibitionist viewpoints of the legality of this drug, simply by concocting circumstances in which either of those stances are "true" for the subjects portrayed in them. On the one hand, it would be completely plausible for relativism to endorse the notion that marijuana should remain prohibited due…. [read more]


Legalization of Marijuana Thesis

… 5 billion every year (NEI,1998).

Generation of revenue to both the state and federal government

The producers and the consumers of marijuana can aid the state and federal government by the injection of revenue into the economy. The consumers of marijuana would inject a lot of cash flow into the state's economy. This is further reinforced by the fact that beer consumption and marijuana consumption are complementary to each other. This fact would drive up the sale of both and hence produce more revenue as a result of their reinforcing effect. More tax could be generated from its regulatory taxation. An increase in the level of taxation would provide the federal, state and local governments with extra revenue. As an example a tax of 10%…. [read more]


Legalization Debate Term Paper

… Legalization Debate on Marijuana

There is currently a great deal of debate concerning a relaxation of the laws surrounding drug use, and in particular the use of marijuana. Many individuals, some of them in positions of great power, have spoken out in favor of legalizing dangerous drugs such as marijuana. Examples of this push towards legalization include activist groups such as NORML and many prominent public figures such as President Readan's former Secretary of State, George Shultz, who is quotes as saying, "that 'Legalization would destroy dealer profits and remove their incentive to get young people addicted.' [or] former Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders' [who made a] call for a study to legalize drugs." (Maginnis) Protagonists of legalization claim that legalization or the relaxation of laws…. [read more]


Legalizing Marijuana in Florida Essay

… If the matter is fully decriminalized, government will benefit with additional tax dollars and users can be readily identified since they are out in the open. Thus, if marijuana is truly addictive and a gateway drug, then it will be under this circumstances that these arguments of those against will be found true. But even now under its illegal status, marijuana has proven to be safer and non-addictive like the other legal and illegal drugs, and even alcohol, being related thereto. The medical validity of the substance has already been proven and no doubt, people of the State of Florida will do the rational and right thing and vote for the decriminalization thereof. It makes sense since it was already done by other states and…. [read more]


Should the US Government Legalize Marijuana? Research Proposal

… ¶ … U.S. government legalize marijuana?

The Legalization of Marijuana: Cost-Effective?

Marijuana use has been rampant in the United States for quite a while, and was just recently brought back into the spotlight with Olympic swimmer Michael Phelps caught using it. Marijuana was banned in a peculiar way in 1937. Marijuana usage was illegal if you did not purchase a tax stamp, but you could not obtain a stamp unless you had already produced marijuana -- which you grew before purchasing a stamp -- making it illegal. Many critics argue that marijuana should be legalized because a great amount of revenue could be made from taxation of the plant. Others argue that marijuana should stay illegal because it is a gateway drug leading its users…. [read more]


Legalization of Marijuana Essay

… ¶ … Legalization of Marijuana

Within the last several years, a raging debate over whether to legalize marijuana has grabbed major headlines across the country, ranging from New England to California and the Midwest to the Deep South. Generally, this debate has not been based on morality or ethics, for it tends to focus on whether the legalization of marijuana would be beneficial or detrimental to American society and its citizens. As a result, there are now a number of state-based initiatives and laws aimed at either decriminalizing or legalizing marijuana and hemp, its main component, and not surprisingly, there are some very vocal opponents to these initiatives and laws, especially the paper, lumber and petroleum industries which would face near collapse if hemp was…. [read more]


Decriminalization of Marijuana Term Paper

… " (Marijuana Decriminalization: What does it mean in the United States?) Small fine may be levied, but there were to be no arrests as the offense was not considered to be a criminal offense. (Marijuana Decriminalization: What does it mean in the United States?) Apart from the fine, there were to be no arrests, incarceration or bringing into the books of criminals. (Decriminalization of Marijuana) Let us treat the matter in a different way and individuals who smoke too much of marijuana may be treated in the same manner as individuals who drink too much of alcohol. They only require help and not the threats of arrests, imprisonment or unemployment. At the same time the denial of a safe and possibly useful medicine to patients…. [read more]


Social Construction of Marijuana Term Paper

… Marijuana Social Threat

The Social Threat of Marijuana: How Blowing Smoke Led to Legislative Repression and Other Practical Problems

Marijuana, known by many names around the world and perhaps one of the world's oldest drugs, has only recently been the subject of intense legal and political scrutiny. Though it seems impossible to imagine, it was less than a century ago that marijuana became illegal in the United States, and initially it was only individual states that outlawed the substance (Goode & Ben-Yehuda, 2009). Now a federally controlled substance with dubious "medical" allowances in many states, marijuana and its use continue to be sources of extreme controversy amongst the public, lawmakers, and a variety of special interests. There are many negative consequences that are supposedly extreme…. [read more]


Domestic Marijuana Production and Regulation Marijuana Leaf Essay

… Domestic Marijuana Production and Regulation

Marijuana leaf or "cannabis" is a cultivatable herb capable of producing a euphoric psychological change in users, roughly comparable in its degree (if not in its specific effects) to the effects of drinking alcohol (Gerrig & Zimbardo, 2005). It alters various aspects of mood and focus and has been used for thousands of years in cultural and religious rituals throughout the world (Brecher, 1972). The recreational use of marijuana is currently illegal in the United States, although California has authorized its use for certain medical purposes; several other states have decriminalized its recreational use without going so far as legalizing it.

Critics of contemporary U.S. law pertaining to marijuana use suggest that there is no logical basis for treating marijuana…. [read more]

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