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Merger Activity Due in Large Term Paper

… ¶ … merger activity due in large part to the internationalization of trade, the globalization of the transportation industry and innovations in telecommunications. Mergers have been used for a wide range of purposes, including achieving a synergistic effect, breaking up corporations that have become too large and unwieldy, and to help companies expend their market share in other regions. Over time, merger activity tends to assume a pattern of waves that can be attributed to several known factors such as severe economic shock or lax government regulatory polices, but a wide range of other factors have also been shown to contribute to the cyclical pattern of wave mergers, an issue that is the focus of this study. The primary aims of this study were to…. [read more]

Mergers and Acquisitions Essay

… As such, companies must be aware of these miscalculations in financials and adjust financial statements accordingly based on reasonable expectations.

The target company's strategy must also align with those of the acquiring company. The analysis of company strategy can be done with a simple SWOT analysis in which the strengths, weakness, opportunities and threats are analyzed within the company. Many M&As are motivated by the need to respond to the strategic environment. In response to this environment companies may require a skill or ability not inherent in its current operations. For example, Google may not have the hardware needed to compete with Apple Inc., in the mobile phone market. It does however have the name recognition and software components readily available. With its acquisition of…. [read more]

Competitive Strategies and Government Policies Essay

… In addition to the pricing strategies, every cruise line corporation uses extensive marketing and promotional campaigns to attract potential customers and persuade them to prefer its cruise ships over all other options. The biggest promotional mediums for cruise line corporations are electronic and print media. These corporations run expensive advertisements throughout the year on television, radio, internet, newspapers, and magazines in order to keep themselves alive in the minds of the customers. The advertisements attract these customers by showing beauty of the tourist destinations, luxury of ship apartments, pictorial presentation of casinos, restaurant foods, miniature golf course, spa, and other add-on services.

When these companies do merger or starts some kind of business expansion project, the labor demand increases in the industry whereas the supply…. [read more]

Mergers and Acquisitions the Case of Procterandgamble Term Paper

… Mergers and Acquisitions

The Case of Procter&Gamble buying Gillette

The actual meaning of the terms merger and acquisition have long been disputed and analyzed and generally all definitions are basically the same, but otherwise said. In this order of ideas, the definition given by Amos Web Dictionary is one that best captures the essence of most definitions. According to them, a merger represents the "consolidation of two separately-owned businesses under single ownership" and it can be done in three ways: horizontal, when the two companies have similar industrial positions (items produced, net revenues); vertical, when the companies produce the same products, but in different stages; and conglomerate, when the companies belong to different industrial sectors. The term acquisition refers to the act of actually buying…. [read more]

Merger One of the Greatest Term Paper

… This permitted them to do multiple tasks. This is an instance of dual branding strategy and under the HP personal Systems Group there were two desktop computing organizations and these are based on the divisions within Compaq and HP. This led to the HP Omnibook line of notebooks becoming a part of the Compaq brands, whereas in workstations, the HP brand of IA32 workstations as also Itanium workstations and other workstations based on McKinley chip of Intel was still to be a part of HP. In certain areas, both the brands of HP and Compaq were to remain as they had different brand equity in different parts of the world. This has led to the retention of both the Compaq Presario line and the HP…. [read more]

Mergers, Acquisitions and Downsizing Essay

… At the heart of this approach, is outsourcing select functions to third party contractors and forming strategic alliances with various nonprofits. (DiNapolli, 2009) (Preed, 2007) (Stanley, 1992)

For example, working in local government, these ideas were used to help redefine the role that actuaries were playing in addressing the needs of the general public. At the same time, these kinds of agreements and alliances reduced the costs for these services. This meant that the tax base was able to remain consistent during a time when different entities were facing serve financial strains (from economic challenges). (DiNapolli, 2009) (Preed, 2007) (Stanley, 1992)

In the future, this helped to attract more firms who view the community as business friendly (due to the lower tax base). This makes…. [read more]

ATandT and T-Mobile Merger Essay

… Therefore, in effect, the FCC has been indirectly (although possibly inadvertently) favoring competitors such as Verizon over ATT and T-Mobile. Certainly, no one who is familiar with the market can be in the dark about the potential effects of a delay upon the two companies, in particular ATT. Even if the deal is approved, the delay will cost ATT billions and will negatively affect the company's bottomline. Verizon has expanded continued to expand its market-leading 4G-LTE network to cover about 200 million subscribers in the United States. This gives it largely the biggest next-generation network 4 G. network. Sprint is now ahead of schedule in the effort to bring its 4G network online and it has even begun selling an iPhone. C Spire is also…. [read more]

Corporate Merger Between Delta Case Study

… Besides, there are cost savings in information technology and also cost savings in the supply chain economics. Cost savings can be referred to as economies of scale. The resulting company will always cut its fixed costs by eliminating the similar departments and operations. The costs of the company are also lowered as compared to the similar revenue stream, thereby escalating the profit margins. (Boemeh, n.d). When delta airlines merged with northwest airlines, the merger helped the two firms to save on costs by combining airport operations and sharing information technologies which was expected to lower prices for the customers.

Cost savings

Besides the above stated, there are several other ways through which cost savings is achieved. These include economies of vertical integration; management efficiencies are…. [read more]

Mergers and Acquisitions: Human Resources Term Paper

… development

Clemente, Mark N. et al. (1998) Winning at Mergers and Acquisitions (1998) John Wiley and Sons.

.Frost, Mike (2001) The M & A Transition Guide HR Magazine Vol.46 No.10 ISSN: 10473149 2001 Oct 1 [Online] retrieved from Highbeam Research Engine Account

Galpin, Timothy (1997) Making Strategy Work Jossey-Bass 1997

HR's Role in M & As: Creating One Team from Two Companies Fidelity Investments Connection Magazine

Galpin, Timothy & Herndon, Mark (2000) The Complete Guide to Mergers and Acquisitions" 2000 Jossey-Bass

HR Plays Critical Role in Business (SHRM Conf. Highlights) Society for Human Resource Management Annual Conference and Exposition (2003) Aug 1 [Online] retrieved from Highbeam Research Account.

Miller, Lynn (2001) HR Involvement is Key to Merger Success HR Magazine 2001 July 1…. [read more]

British Airways Is the Largest Essay

… 4% in cargo revenue, for a total revenue improvement of 2.6%, given that "other revenue" slipped for the year. The airline saw its £726 million profit in 2007-08 turn into a £358 million loss in 2008-09. The airline noted that higher fuel prices were a contributor to this, and indeed that appears to be the case. Whereas employee costs were almost the same, fuel and oil costs rose from £2.055 billion to £2.969 billion, an increase of 44.7%. The real value increase of £914 accounts for most of the swing between the two years in terms of profits. There were modest increases in most costs, and the company took an additional £101 million in currency charges.

On the balance sheet, total group assets declined by…. [read more]

Sprint Nextel Merger Term Paper

… Sprint Nextel Merger

History of Sprint

Sprint Corporation's history started in 1899, when its founder, Cleyson Brown, founded the Brown Telephone Company in Abilene, Kansas (Sprint Nextel, 2007). In 1972 the company's name was changed into United Telecommunications. The company acquired GTE Sprint in 1986, and started to be referred to as Sprint (Wikipedia, 2007). Although most telecommunications resources state that Sprint stands for Southern Pacific Railway Internal Network for Telecommunications, it seems that the real provenience of the name is: Switched Private Network Telecommunications.

The first six metropolitan areas to benefit from Sprint services were: New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, San Diego, and Anaheim. In 1986, Sprint merged with U.S. Telecom, forming U.S. Sprint. Later, in 1991, the newly formed U.S. Sprint was…. [read more]

Managing All Stakeholders Term Paper

… "The absorption of one company by another," Black's adds, "[with] the former losing its legal identity, and latter retaining its own name and identity and acquiring assets, liabilities, franchises, and powers of former, and absorbed company ceasing to exist as separate business entity" (p. 988).

In other cases, mergers and takeovers have appeared to be the result of opportunists looking for the quick profit; however, the consolidation of the highly complementary assets and resources of both of these giants will create some clear advantages for everyone concerned. Nevertheless, just as bigger may not mean better, merger may not mean advantage. In his chapter, "Technology Strategy: Collaborative Mode, V.K. Narayanan says that from a strategic viewpoint, collaborative mode is undertaken by firms when the economics of…. [read more]

Ebay Paypal Merger Growth Term Paper

… (What is this hot Dot-Com business?)

Anybody from anywhere in the world may buy things from this site as per their personal choice. The medium itself is very cost effective and highly efficient. EBay employs as many as 2,400 people which are a number bigger than most companies in the dot com world. It has also become a highly profitable company with a total profit of $129 million in 2001 based on a turnover of $740 million. This has boosted up the price of the shares to result in a price to earnings ratio of 143. The market capitalization of EBay is very high and more than the total capitalization of K-Mart combined with Sears. In itself, it is still in the expansion stage. It…. [read more]

Culture Pervasiveness and the Difficulty Essay

… "INTEC's competences exclusively supplement the present abilities of the Sea Engineering occupational, a specialist in deep water hulls, risers and mooring, learned in January 2007. Worley Parsons now has the competence to deliver services that will be all over the whole range from transmission to subsea line.

"INTEC have been able to establish a track record that has spanned something like 20 years having calculated subsea and pipelines manufacture systems in water depths that at one time were thought to be unbearable to get to. The business at the moment is creating projects that are low points of up to 3,500 meters in places that are varied as the offshore West Africa, Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf of Mexico, Black Sea, the Arctic Ocean, and…. [read more]

Fiat / Chrysler -- Leadership Essay

… 3). Second of all, yes he wanted to introduce the Fiat brand to the U.S. And saw this deal as a way to do that.

But moreover, he came offering Chrysler "what they were missing," and to be "perfectly honest it was an incredibly fair trade on everybody's part. I risked everything -- I got 35% of something that was worth nothing." To hear the words from the innovative, hard-driving CEO, is to understand his leadership style and his passion for Chrysler's success. He continued:

"With the promise to deliver value to everybody involved here, to pay back the government, and eventually turn that nothing into something, in exchange for which I got, a chance to give you technology and then to run

it. And…. [read more]

Financial Analysis of International Airlines Group Thesis

… Financial Analysis of International Airlines Group


Contact Details

Confidentiality Restrictions

Today, the aviation industry is faced with skyrocketing energy costs, the lingering aftereffects of the Great Recession of 2008 and the looming threat of ongoing terrorist activities in many regions of the world. In this environment, identifying opportunities for air carriers to achieve a competitive advantage through improved administrative and operational practices represents a timely and valuable enterprise. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide a review of the relevant peer-reviewed, scholarly and industry literature concerning these issues and to calculate and benchmark relevant financial analyses of International Airlines Group (IAG) compared to three of its competitors, Turkish Airlines, Finnair and Jet Airways. This analysis was used to provide a summary of…. [read more]

Enron's Misleading Accounting & Fraud Tactics Thesis

… Enron was the seventh-largest corporation in the world. Enron Company was divided into five distinct parts including; Wholesale Services, Transportation and Distribution, Broadband Services, Retail Energy Services, and Corporate and Other. By the late 1990's, Enron had gone from a gas pipeline company to an energy trading company and then to a company based on trading gas, oil, water, forest products, minerals, broadband, and any other product that could be made into a commodity. Ultimately, the company began trading derivatives. Derivatives are useful because they provide a hedge against future business risks such as hikes in oil prices, changes in interest rates. When used legitimately derivatives can be beneficial to a company. The paper endeavored to explain the tactics that Enron used to evade detection…. [read more]

Hospital Merger Term Paper

… John Hopkins Hospital Merger

The Perspective of Human Resources

The purpose of this work is pertaining to the acquisition of a hospital that provided service to a limited community within the region served by John Hopkins (JH). The larger unit, JH has all its departments and functions fully managed with an executive vice president as the head of the unit. Included are VPs of Finance, Information Systems, Administration, Compliance, Employment Services provided so there would be no need to retain all the staff of the community hospital. Due to the acquisition the community hospital would be delegated as a department within the JH organization and the previous CEO has been named executive VP who will report to the CAO of JH. The board of JH…. [read more]

Voss Water International Marketing Plan for the Turkish Term Paper

… Voss Water

Today, Turkey is emerging as an increasingly important nation that serves as a bridge between the Middle East and the European Union and points beyond. Turkey's full membership in the European Union appears to be a matter of when rather than if, and the Turkish population has enjoyed the economic benefits of a secular state seeking to become a full partner in the international community. Cities such as Ankara and Istanbul are becoming a cosmopolitan amalgam of the best that Europe, the Middle East and Asia have to offer, and the growing Turkish middle class is eager to spend their discretionary income on Western goods that communicate good taste and top-notch quality as evidence of their new affluence. In this environment, there are…. [read more] a Strategic Assessment Essay

… The focus in the case study often reverts to the customer loyalty aspects of Amazon and its web design. The case also makes the point that the accuracy, speed and precision of the experience are contributing factors to profitability (Amazon Investor Relations, 2012). These are two strong contributions to Amazon achieving its revenue, profit, sales and service strategic plans on an annual basis. Without the build-out of the e-commerce infrastructure, Amazon would not have been able to deliver such an exceptionally positive and consistent level of customer experience. In aggregate, the e-commerce infrastructure strategies all contributed to this significant contribution (Lindic, Bavdaz, Kovacic, 2012).

A second major contribution e-strategies have made to the company is the wealth of analytics, business intelligence (BI) in addition to…. [read more]

Decision Whether to Internationalize Research Paper

… Decision Whether to Internationalize or Not?

Companies competing in the oil and gas extraction industry are faced with some unique challenges and opportunities as the demand for energy increases and the inexorable march to peak oil continues. Emerging economic powerhouses such as China, India, Brazil, and Malaysia will need ever-increasing amounts of energy to fuel their economic development and consumer demand, and it is becoming apparent that companies that can extract oil and gas efficiently and reliably enjoy a competitive advantage. Not surprisingly, the oil and gas industry is highly internationalized, with a global supply chain and customers. One company that has experienced success in this environment has been RBG Limited, a UK corporation created in 1995. This company forms the focus of this study…. [read more]

Rapid Innovations in Technology Thesis

… For example, Hurrell and Woods emphasize that, "Within weak states globalization and widening inequality are eroding the capacity of governments to deal with an increasing set of social, economic, and political conflicts" (1999: 2). At the regional level, the inequalities being generated by globalization are creating instability and the further marginalization of the already impoverished (Blank 2007). At the global level, the implications of the inequalities being caused by globalization are even more severe. In this regard, Hurrell and Woods add that, "As globalization creates sharper and more urgent problems for states and international institutions, increasing inequality reduces their capacity to manage these problems effectively. In this context, it is unsurprising that the sense of unease about globalization has increased and that political and media…. [read more]

Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.


Understanding the main…. [read more]

Antitrust Failure of the Firm Term Paper

… Annual reporting may affect short-term investments of the firm because they may not be easy to trace or the firm may feel not necessary to include in the annual operating publications. Regularly fluctuating stock prices are also affected by the annual reporting because the period is too long to include all the changes in the stock prices within a year. Quarterly publications reduce complications in understanding that arise due to long annual operating reports.

Short-term reporting allows easy and fast decision-making for both shareholders and managers of corporations. The short-term reports provide a picture of the market scenario and allow decisions to be made according to the market expectations and demand. It is easy to make adjustments on stock prices on short-term rather than on…. [read more]

Corporate Manda Takeover of Two UK Engineering Book Report

… Corporate M&a Takeover of two UK engineering firms

Mergers & Acquisitions (M&a) over the past 25 years has encompassed a great deal of activity and has drastically shaped the business environment for engineering firms. There is a difference between a merger and an acquisition. According to Healthcare Financial Management (2011), "A determination must be made at the outset as to whether a transaction is a merger, an acquisition, or something else. The sole criterion for identifying a merger is that the combining entities cede control to a new entity. Conversely, in an acquisition, one entity cedes control to another entity." (Healthcare Financial Management, 2011)

The effects of mergers and acquisitions involve empirical economic theory and a positive return on the equity price of the acquired…. [read more]

Corporate Cultural Due Diligence Term Paper

… An important success factor that is not related to a fit in products or markets is the degree to which the merged organization can develop a new culture that is accepted by the members of both prior companies (Recklies, 2003).

Thus, due diligence must be extended to all issues of business and strategy. This means that due diligence must be extended to areas that traditionally are not part of this analysis, such as customers, competencies and abilities of staff, competitors, costs and culture (Recklies, 2003). Research also indicates that when the importance of culture is recognized, and steps are taken to avoid clashes, even companies with very different cultures can successfully merge. However, in failed mergers or acquisitions, it appears as though the companies never…. [read more]

Japanese-American Biopharmaceutical Industry Term Paper

… The objective of such harmonization is a more economical use of human, animal and material resources and the elimination of any unnecessary delays in the global development and availability of new pharmaceuticals while maintaining safeguards on quality, safety and efficacy, and sustaining regulatory obligations to protect public health. This mission is embodied in the Terms of Reference of the ICH.

Limitations and Delimitations

This problem is limited by the extent to which the United States and Japan choose to continue to permit the extensive interval of time from which pharmaceuticals are available in the United States to when they are available in Japan.

This problem is delimited by the extent to which the United States and Japan choose to cooperate in reducing or eliminating the…. [read more]

Black and Decker Forecasts Research Paper

… There are no major changes expected with respect to the company's solvency or liquidity ratios. The figures show that the performance of the company is expected to improve over the next five years. If strong growth overseas continues, and the long-term growth in the U.S. housing market materializes as expected, both the return on assets and the return on equity should improve steadily over this time period, making the gains resulting from the merger more apparent on the company's financial statements.


The current market cap for the company is $12.97 billion, based on a share price of $76.86. This price is near the top of the company's 52-week range. The first step in determining the appropriate valuation for the company is to determine a…. [read more]

Obama Urges Tougher Laws Essay

… The practical effect of this new legislation is that insurance companies are likely to lower their premiums in an effort to avoid paying rebates to their customers. The new law has a greater impact on small group and individual markets.

Week Six: April 10, 2012

Health-care law will add $340 billion to deficit, new study finds [HIDDEN]

A conservative Republican member of Congress has published a report stating that President Obama's new health care initiative will add more than $340 billion to the national budget. The Congressman's report claims that the new health care legislation will actually worsen the deficit by expanding the solvency of Medicare. Obama administration officials argue in rebuttal that the report utilizes new math that distorts the actual figures.

Week Seven:…. [read more]

Applied Logistics and Supply Chain Management Dissertation

… ¶ … oil and gas industry in Libya is also directly reliant on global prices that are based on supply and demand; and any revenues generated at a given point in time depend in large part on how effective the supply chain is in mitigating the high costs of production and transporting the final product to customers. The purpose of this study was to provide a comparison between an American oil industry firm, Mobil, the world's largest publicly traded international oil and gas company in the field of supply chain management in the United States from the perspective of the Toyota supply chain approach. This analysis will then be applied to a Libyan oil industry firm, Alwaha, to identify best practices for Alwaha in developing…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.