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Integrated HRM Approach to Organizational Performance Essay

… Neglecting the government workforce, unions stand for only 9.5% of the private workforce. But in any case, a business firm has to recognize a union in case the employees want to be a part of union. Looking back, this was quite acceptable most companies. These days, organizations detest unions and promote a union free environment (Naeem, 2011).

F. Human Resource Research

It's not included as a proper function, but it has relevance in HRM functional areas where the researcher's lab is his office (Naeem, 2011).

G. Interrelationships of HRM Functions

Effective and efficient SHRM in South African public sector

In the 21st century, public administration has been under continuous scrutiny by the demands and principles of democratic governance. The main question asked here is that:…. [read more]

Mergers and Acquisitions Organizational Characteristics Term Paper

… Mergers and Acquisitions (Organizational Characteristics)

The practice of merging and acquiring new firms from different countries has greatly increased over the past fifteen years (Moeller and Schlingemann, 2005 as cited in Martynova and Renneboog, 2008). By this way of expansion, that is through acquisitions and mergers, they are able to take advantage of the difference in tax rates and are able to make a profit from the inconsistencies of the markets, for instance, the government control on resource markets and labor force (Scholes and Wolfson,1990 as cited in Martynova and Renneboog, 2008; Servaes and Zenner' 1994 as cited in Martynova and Renneboog, 2008). In addition, increased benefits from mergers and acquisitions of companies of the neighboring countries are also an outcome of improved governance of…. [read more]

Merger or Acquisition and on the Causes Term Paper

… ¶ … merger or acquisition and on the causes of its failure / success.

It would seem, as a result of the literature analysis, that the one of factors behind the increasing number of mergers and acquisitions that may be observed today is the prospect of increasing market share and profitability via this more appealing method, rather then to rely on the sole effects of growth. (Cartright and Cooper, 1993; Sudarsanam, 1995; Chatterjee et al., 1992; Wullaerts, 2002). All developed economies have known periods of tendency toward mergers, acquisitions or even divestments. Still, one very important factor that affects such tendencies is the economy's buoyancy. The fact that these activities rise and fall periodically brought up heated discussions between politicians, managers, academics and regulators regarding…. [read more]

Merger Activity Due in Large Term Paper

… ¶ … merger activity due in large part to the internationalization of trade, the globalization of the transportation industry and innovations in telecommunications. Mergers have been used for a wide range of purposes, including achieving a synergistic effect, breaking up corporations that have become too large and unwieldy, and to help companies expend their market share in other regions. Over time, merger activity tends to assume a pattern of waves that can be attributed to several known factors such as severe economic shock or lax government regulatory polices, but a wide range of other factors have also been shown to contribute to the cyclical pattern of wave mergers, an issue that is the focus of this study. The primary aims of this study were to…. [read more]

Organizational Performance. This Study Pointed Out Essay

… ¶ … organizational performance. This study pointed out that while some association between HR policies and performance was obvious, there were no clearly defined factors as to why and how such an association existed. This, Purcell termed as the 'black box'. Further, Purcell also noted that strategic HRM practices are more productive from a medium to long-term perspective than in the short-term. [David Worland, 2005]

Claire 2007 is a more recent study, which reviewed the processes, practices and the results of several previous studies pertaining to the impact of HRM practices on performance in the healthcare sector. By analyzing and contrasting several such studies Claire concluded that there is a clear association between policies, practices and performance. Though the study revealed that HRM…. [read more]

Acquisition of Callaway Golf Company. Financial Statements Business Proposal

… ¶ … acquisition of Callaway Golf Company. Financial statements and other industry related information of Callaway is assessed and potential acquirers are advised to delay the decision by at least two quarters of length of time to evaluate the long-term direction that the company is heading towards after good performance in only two quarters of 2013. The criteria for assessing company's performance are discussed before making final observation regarding potential success of Callaway in 2013. Lower than industry average financial performance and negative EBT force the analysts to decrease the likelihood that this firm is a good target of acquisition.

Callaway Golf Company is an American company that is based in Carlsbad, Calif., USA and the company was founded in 1982 by Ely Reeves Callaway…. [read more]

Organizational Culture and Leadership Essay

… He cares about its employees, helps them identify their strengths and weaknesses and advise them about their career aspirations. This creates a huge sense of loyalty and commitment to the organization. (Block 2003) The role and responsibilities are defined from the start and the leader ensures give enough feedback and instructions to direct his subordinates. (Politis 2002) This management style is the least used of all because many people believe, wrongly, that this approach considered both long and tedious, does not correspond to economic reality where every minute counts. (Lok and Crawford 2001)

The style of Mentor, however, shows very efficient since it has a positive impact on all the factors of organizational climate. The leader can use this style in almost every type of…. [read more]

Alignment of Organizational Components, Mission and Strategy at Kraft Foods Case Study

… However, there are also some limits and constraints, the culture may be enhanced with the use of more strategies to support risk tasking through the recognition of innovation and symbolic and real rewards provided. Internal focus in the existing intellectual capital, and increased use of suggestions schemes, tools such as innovations workshops, using employees from different areas within the divisions, and the use of scenario planning based on future customer forecasts, may all add value to the existing processes.



Kraft has faced challenges in the past, with a lack of real innovation and focus. The current divisional structure is helping to overcome these challenges, increasing the focus that is paid to the individual brands. Empowering divisional managers to make decisions may also help…. [read more]

Change Management and Organizational Transformation Thesis

… Change Management & Organizational Transformation


The objective of this work is to examine changes in organizations, management and how management and technology are more frequently becoming factors for consideration. This work will select a company and analyze the status of organizational transformation and change management, and identify key organizational transformation and change management issues currently facing the organization, providing recommendations as to how the company should address these change management issues. Selected for the purpose of this study are Federal U.S. Agencies and the Organizational Transformation initiative reported by the Government Accounting Office and specifically relating to the implementation of Chief Operating Officer/Chief Management Officer Positions in Federal Agencies.


It was reported in 2007 in the report GAO-08-34, a…. [read more]

Managing Organizational Culture Dissertation

… ¶ … opportunity exists for the company to expand internationally by setting up operations in the emerging economies of China and India. The question to consider is how to build cultural harmony between the facilities operating in three different countries. The question of whether it would be better to establish a certain national organizational culture is likely would be considered in this report. cultures of the United Kingdom, India and China is presented. The organizational cultures prevalent in China and India are more collectivistic and marked by high power distance than the organizational cultures in the United Kingdom. There are other differences such as the importance of status in China and family tradition in India, whereas in the United Kingdom principles of utility and economic…. [read more]

Declining Organization Is Divided Essay

… Competitor Behavior

Cost Leadership

With the market becoming ever saturated, the product offered should be of top quality again capitalizing on the customer experiences


The unique product should be price competitive and quality which surpasses all. For that quality control should make sure of continuous improvement and innovation.


The focus of the competition is on grabbing as much a market share hence, it is impossible to do so without ensuring the best quality and price. The 5 P's again needed to be maintained.

Financial Requirements

Cost Leadership

Eron Company Sector is in the maturity phase. It has enough finances but need to manage them smartly for efficiency in allocation of resources.


Proper planning in terms of allocation of resources should be done…. [read more]

Organizational Vision and Strategic Leadership Peer Review

… , 2003). They also give rise to changes in efficiency and effectiveness, market power, economies of scale as well as scope in addition to accessibility of services to small consumers and payment systems efficacy. With the exception of enhancement in cost and profit efficacy, mergers could facilitate organizations to generate higher profits through the financial market in leveraging loans and deposit interest rates. Therefore, reprioritization of financial resources is pivotal (Berger et al., 2003).

2. Cross-cultural competency

Research demonstrates that two out of three mergers end up failing as a result of failing to address and deal with cultural issues. It is extensively acknowledged that the effective management of organizational change and the free flow assimilation of corporate cultures is pivotal for ant merger and…. [read more]

Managing All Stakeholders Term Paper

… "The absorption of one company by another," Black's adds, "[with] the former losing its legal identity, and latter retaining its own name and identity and acquiring assets, liabilities, franchises, and powers of former, and absorbed company ceasing to exist as separate business entity" (p. 988).

In other cases, mergers and takeovers have appeared to be the result of opportunists looking for the quick profit; however, the consolidation of the highly complementary assets and resources of both of these giants will create some clear advantages for everyone concerned. Nevertheless, just as bigger may not mean better, merger may not mean advantage. In his chapter, "Technology Strategy: Collaborative Mode, V.K. Narayanan says that from a strategic viewpoint, collaborative mode is undertaken by firms when the economics of…. [read more]

Leveraged Buyout Term Paper

… This strategy works in most cases but a third and more important strategy must also be employed and that is formation of ESB. ESB refers to effective staggered board and it has more than one different category of directors, which cannot be easily removed. It was noticed that between 1996 and 2000, some ninety-two companies faced threats of hostile takeover out of which those with ESB remained independent in most cases. However the ones without ESB failed to protect themselves from such coerced takeovers.


Li JIN and Fiona WANG, Leveraged Buyouts: Inception, Evolution, and Future Trends, Perspectives, Vol. 3, No. 6, 2001

PHILIPPE DESBRIERES AND ALAIN SCHATT The Impacts of LBOs on the Performance of Acquired Firms: the French Case- Retrieved online on 6th…. [read more]

Power Politics Conflict and Culture in Organizations Research Paper

… Power, Politics, Conflict and Culture in Organizations

I will fill this in)

Power, politics, conflict and culture in businesses can augment output and effectiveness or reduce them considerably. Political process can establish organizational survival and strategic direction. Restructuring, which is frequently encouraged as much by internal power efforts as by external market circumstances, is prompting managers to search out new strategic directions for their companies. In the course, political reflections are changing the career of a lot of workers, both managers and non-managers. At the same time that these proceedings are creating occasions for some, they are costing a lot of others their jobs. Understanding power, politics, conflict and culture is consequently critical to managerial achievement and continued existence in today's business world.

The organization…. [read more]

Change Management Using Various Organizational Examples (Different Essay

… Change Management

Using various organizational examples (different companies), please evaluate the major concepts underlying effective major business transformation and dynamic change management which we discussed in class, including: the new rules for organization design & business-wide integration; the strategic direction for organizations, focusing on high performance, processes and knowledge; the alignment and integration of six key factors in an organization for dynamic change; and finally the basic principles of change management. Do you agree or disagree with these major concepts; why or why not? Please explain you position using various organizational examples to reinforce your arguments.

Applying the many concepts learned in class to the high technology industry illustrates their effectiveness and potential to increase organizations' performance and effectiveness in the midst of rapid, unpredictable…. [read more]

How Did the Merger Impact Employee Morale and Corporate Culture? Research Proposal

… The huge cost savings sometimes cited by management of two companies
who are in a merger process do not necessarily present the entire picture.
Cost efficiencies of combined companies are self-evident at times, what is
not self-evident is the manner in which the two merging companies are
combining people and cultures. These two components of a merger are
oftentimes much more synergistic than the cost savings. An executive from a
recent merger of two insurance companies states, "We always want to enhance
shareholder value--and the current flavor is [that] diversification does
seem to enhance value in terms of share price," Mr. Bryce said, responding
to an analyst's question" (Scalfane, 2009, pg. 40). What Mr. Bryce does
not say is that oftentimes the combination of two…. [read more]

Behavior Exhibited by Mangers Research Proposal

… ¶ … Management behavior

The management

Re: Managerial behavior

A manager's behavior can affect the productivity of his or her workers.

A manager needs to have a positive attitude about the duties of the company, even during difficult times such as the ones we currently face at InterClean. If the manager has a dismissive or cynical attitude about the organization's mission and goals, employees will be less productive and enthusiastic. If the manager does not seem to care and is lax in his or her duties, then employees will feel silly if they act as if they believe in the company and will be more likely use the company and their position merely to further their own ends. Managers must put the company first and…. [read more]

Innovation in Semco Organization Case Study

… Innovation in Semco Organization

The new century is the century of advancements like never before. The world is changing at a rapid pace and individuals, communities and entire societies need to remain alert to all these changes and quickly answer the emergent requirements. While this necessity might not be as obvious for individuals, it has become a constant within organizational entities.

Economic agents are now faced with the necessity of continually monitoring the market place -- both national as well as international --, identifying the new elements and quickly adapting to them. For instance, they are required to better train and motivate the staff members and to better integrate them within the organizational context in order to best capitalize on their skills and intellectual capital.…. [read more]

Evolution of Organizational Strategies Thesis

… Evolution of Organizational Strategies

It is a fact that the world has become increasingly complex over the last century, with technology and electronics changing rapidly almost overnight. Complex social issues have joined the wave of change as globalization brought to light issues of human and worker's rights concomitantly with economics and profits issues. Functioning within a social and political customer base, business paradigms have also changed and evolved towards increasing complexity. In the industrial age, for example, cost leadership and product differentiation served to create a competitive edge on the local market scale. These fairly simple strategies served a customer base that was built upon the simple technologies of the time.

However, with the industrial age, technologies began to advance rapidly, with businesses experiencing a…. [read more]

Organizational Culture, Societal Culture, and Leadership Styles Research Proposal

… ¶ … Organizational Culture, Societal Culture, and Leadership Styles

List of Tables (if tables used) viii

List of Figures (if figures used) ix

Leadership and Cultural Differences

Summary of Chapter and Organization of Remainder of the Study


Organizational Culture

Societal Culture


Culture and Leadership

Leadership Theories

Transformational vs. Transactional Leadership Styles

Cultural and Leadership Attributes

Cultural Aspects of Organizational Leadership

Relationship between Organizational Leadership and Society

Current and Future Trends

Description of the Study Approach

Instruments/Measurements 105

Treatment / Intervention 116

Data Analysis

Field Tests Establishing Validity 119

Research Limitations

Validity and Reliability 122

Ethical Considerations 124

Chapter Summary




Synthesis and Evaluative Action Plan


Chapter Summary



Summary of Major Aims and…. [read more]

FOX Analyzing Essay

… Like in any large company, the chief executive fulfills this duty by providing leadership and direction to senior managers and reviewing the way they're controlling the business. This will provide a cascading framework of control and management that will improve the current difficulties of the middle section of the company. The last element of management that remains to be seen as Fox transitions away from its old structure is that of policy compliance. One of the most difficult transitions for a company is moving away from a successful plan laid down by a charismatic CEO that has been in place for decades. To do so effectively, employees at all levels of the company will need to buy in to the Theory Y framework which at…. [read more]

Leaders Can Effectively Manage Change Essay

… In highly engineering-centric cultures including Google, this is an essential attribute of leadership. Managers at Google are given 360-degree performance reviews every year. Their subordinates also participate in these reviews, and rate their leadership skills specifically in the area of leading professional development efforts. As intellectual stimulation is such a core aspect of the company's culture, managers are often evaluated on this aspect of their performance alone. Google's competitors and comparable companies in high technology re also taking a comparable approach to this dimension of transformational leadership as well.

The third attribute of transformational leaders is inspirational motivation. This is the most visible attribute of a leader as it is often discussed by the media and internally within companies. This is the one attribute of…. [read more]

Cardinal Health the First Project Case Study

… In this case, there is also the option of financing with help from the Innovation Network Corp of Japan, something that might make the deal cheaper for Elpida than it would be for any other rival. Overall, however, the deal hinges on the firms being able to deliver technological or market synergies in order for the deal to the profitable for Elpida shareholders.


Cardinal's industry has three major competitors, being Cardinal, AmeriSourceBergen and McKesson. A smaller competitor, Owens & Minor, holds the best potential for a merger. There are a few reasons for this. The first is that this one will get past the anti-trust regulators, and the second is that this deal will increase the size of the company and allow it better…. [read more]

Employee Motivation in a Pcba Contract Manufacturing Dissertation

… Employee motivation in a PCBA contract manufacturing industry -- an example of Plexus

Today many organizations are going through change due to globalization and ever changing technology. Organizations have to cope with these changes by broadening their networks, introducing new systems at work place, hiring new staff or other many such type of changes. These changes influence workplace atmospheres as well as existing employees and they feel it difficult to cope with the changes. Current paper is a case study of Plexus Company a part of the PCB contract company. Plexus organization went through change as its widened its network and as a result workplace atmosphere was affected. The researcher explored the change affect in the company at operational level by exploring the factors of…. [read more]

Global Corporate Strategy Fedex Essay

… global Corporate Strategy, FedEx

Global Corporate Strategy -- the Case of FedEx

In a world in which change became the only constant, all individuals and groups of individuals must find means to survive. As dramatic as the statement might sound, it is in fact very true. Most of the changes which impact and modify our contemporaneous society come from the evolution of technology, and evidence in this direction stands our daily usage of technology to do our work or live better. Aside technology however, change also comes from the growing forces of globalization, which allow individuals, companies and resources to more easily transcend boundaries and serve purposes other than those initially intended.

In a context of rapidly evolving circumstances, economic agents develop strategies that generally…. [read more]

Supply Chain Management Hypothesis Thesis

… It requires the total dedication from organization within which it SCM implementation is being planned. SCM "expands the scope of the organization being managed beyond the enterprise level to include interorganizational relationships." (Strader et al., 1999)

Supply chain depends heavily on the relationships that organizations can develop and sustain through personal interactions and using the latest technology. Earlier studies in SCM focused on identifying the supply chain network (SCN) developed by organizations. Later, studies focused on supply chain demands, supply chain operation and information sharing. In the present organizational environment, competitive advantages are not just single company or organization-based. Rather, they are supply chain based. (Muralidharan et al., 2002)

There are many independent models within the SCM methodology. Each of these deserve discussion. Some of…. [read more]

Human Potential "Nothing Endures Essay

… (Schein 2009).

Rapid technological change and globalization among markets and competition have led to organizations all around the world to form coalitions with other organizations as part of their strategy for change. Strategic partnerships enable organizations to increase their reach without having to add fixed capacity -- to gain a measure of stability in a bumpy environment by planning jointly with organizations on different points on the value chain, to reduce uncertainty or manage power dependencies. (Thompson 1967; Aldrich 1979; Kanter 2003). However, with these changes come issues concerning capital markets, currency rates, political shifts, tax policy, resource markets and technology; all of these issues shape organization fates.

The important thing to know about change when undergoing the smallest change to a merger with an…. [read more]

Kraft Foods' Competitive Strategy Case Study

… The company already has a high level of market knowledge, and continued improvement of existing products will help to support ongoing differentiation. Furthermore, markets are changing, and new products may offer a great advantage through first mover advantages, which may be combined as the blue ocean strategy, and place the company in a strong position for new developments. For all of these strategies the strength within marketing, and existing consumer knowledge of the craft, and subsidiary brands, but will be supported through ongoing integrated marketing communications to support the position and brand expectations (Kotler & Keller, 2011).

Research and development may also be utilized in order to help support the cost advantage. Cost advantage may be gained through the way in which product is designed,…. [read more]

Growing and Mature Markets Analyzing Essay

… The ROI for companies just entering a market at this stage will be low and challenged the longer they wait to introduce products and services. Examples of this include the many smartphone manufacturers attempting to catch the Apple iPhone in terms of sales and profits over time. Apple clearly dominates the smartphone market and has in large part defined the trajectory of this phase of the global smartphone market. The market leaders in any given market that is experiencing growth also concentrate on creating a high pace of innovation, as evidenced by the pace of new product introductions. As the growth phase of a given market begins to reach it peak and transitions into the Maturing Phase of the market, the leading competitors begin launching…. [read more]

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