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Middle East Comprises a Diverse Research Paper

… 1999. "The Frame Drum in the Middle East: Women, Musical Instruments and Power." Ethnomusicology 43(1). (PDF)

Dunne, Bruce. "Power and Sexuality in the Middle East." Middle East Report. No. 206.

Massad, Joseph, "Re-Orienting Desire: The Gay International and the Arab World" in Public Culture, 14(2), 2002, pp 361-385 (PDF)

Moghadam, Valentine, "Islamic Feminism and Its Discontent: Toward a Resolution of the Debate," Signs, 27(4), 2002, pp 1135-1171. (PDF)

Film "Dishing Democracy- Kalam Nawaeem"

IX. Economic Issues

The economy of the region has a huge influence on its domestic and foreign policies. This section will address the economies of key countries; discuss the role of oil in Middle Eastern economics and policy; and provide an overview of what economists feel the future of the Middle East…. [read more]


Middle East Economy and Politics Essay

… ¶ … MENA region is home to some of the richest and poorest countries in the world. For example, per capita GNI of Qatar is $80,440. For a poor country like Yemen, the per capita GNI is $1,070. One of the reasons for such differences is the production of and dependency on oil. Ironically dependency is not the main determiner of wealth in MENA as Yemen, Egypt, and Iraq have high to moderate dependency on oil for profit revenue and are the three poorest countries in MENA. This is due to lack of industrialization. Yemen although recently participating in higher oil production, is one of the least industrialized. Other MENA countries dependent on oil favor less industrialization and cultivation of mega-cities. Megacities are commonplace in…. [read more]


Middle East Community Development Essay

… Middle East Community Development

The Middle East is a land of conflict which has for centuries raised the interest of the Westerner. Home of terrorism but also of mysticism, the Orient has captured the attention of the international context, which strives to support its development. Like a paradox, the countries in the Middle East are rich in numerous and valuable natural resources, such as natural gas, crude oil or timber. Yet, their levels of infrastructure are inadequate and the populations continue to live in extreme poverty. International institutions have intensified their efforts to address the most basic needs in these regions, but much remains yet to be done. However, a question that is being posed refers to the interests of the international community in becoming…. [read more]


Future Wars of the Middle East Will Result Over Water Shortages Term Paper

… Water in the Middle East

Governments around the world have a primary concern over water availability and the Middle East and North Africa are no exception. The thesis evaluates the possibility of future wars throughout the Middle East and North Africa due to water scarcity and limited water resources presently being experienced in that region.

The paper starts by revealing the gravity of the situation by showing the present statistics surrounding the problem of water scarcity throughout the world. Thereafter, the paper highlights the importance of water in the national economy. From then on, the paper briefly discusses the present situation of water scarcity in the Middle East by noting down the present available resources of water in the Middle East. Lastly, the paper briefly…. [read more]


Analyzing Questions About the Middle East Essay

… Middle East

The Sykes-Picot (Asia Minor) Agreement was a covert agreement, relating to the Ottoman Empire's division among the "Allies," negotiated between the governments of France and Britain in the course of the First World War (WWI). The Soviet Union was privy to these discussions as well. The discussions' initial round was conducted in the British capital, with Georges Picot representing France and Sir Arthur Nicolson leading UK's delegation. The next round saw Sir Mark Sykes representing the British government. Agreement terms were outlined in a 5/9/1916 letter addressed by Paul Cambon -- French ambassador to Britain -- to Sir Edward Grey, Britain's foreign secretary. The terms were approved and returned via a letter bearing the date of 16th May. Notes exchange between the allied…. [read more]


Middle East Fashion Capital: Beirut Lebanon Dissertation

… They also provide funding and in some instances they collaborate with locals to establish creative businesses or industries back home. The country also has a specific association to develop funding for culture-based businesses and initiatives. This organization and the other factors explained for it show that culture is being taken seriously in the country and that there are many stakeholders who are already actively involved in trying to improve the already-amazing culture of the country. It is safe to conclude that the future is looking bright in terms of culture. 

The capital of the Lebanon is Beirut. It is also the largest city and the commercial center of Lebanon. The city has an international airport and road and rail links to all parts of…. [read more]


Hamas Middle East the Group Essay

… Yassin had his primary influence in Gaza where he delivered many of his religious ceremonies. His leadership in the delivery of the jihad aspect of the HAMAS movement was influential in the early 1990s for the Istishhadis' attacks on Israel. His exploits were essentially the driver of the radical Islamic fundamentalism that is spoken when referring to jihadists and their activity to promote a free Palestinian state.

Ahmed Yassin was behind the sentiment of never yielding to support a Israeli state o occupation in the West Bank and Gaza Strip and in the movement to use terror tactics to create fear and a more manipulative environment for HAMAS to obtain political control. Speaking to the organization's reign of terror, Yassin's directive was in consensus with…. [read more]


International Competition Middle East Term Paper

… Middle East Region

There is no hard and fast rule that defines what constitutes Middle East. It traditionally includes countries or regions in Southwest Asia and parts of North Africa. Persian Gulf is considered as the main centre the area around which is generally referred as Middle East. Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen, and Palestinian Territories are collectively known as Middle East. Middle East region shot to fame because of its vast reserves of oil. The economy of most these countries took a boost based on the oil resource. However, with passage of time region has esteblished its own peculiar identity in the world. Gulf region with UAE as a model…. [read more]


Impact of Imperialism on the Middle East Term Paper

… Imperialism in the Middle East

The Impact of Imperialism in the Middle East

Imperialism and Decolonization:

A Case Study of Egypt and Iraq

In this paper, a discussion will be offered on the consequences of Western imperialism, notably British, that not only impacted on the immediate aftermath of their comportment in previously colonized areas, but also contributed in forming their prospective social, economic and political future, through examining imperialism in Egypt and Iraq. The powerlessness of the Egyptian and Iraqi authorities can be linked to the socio-economic modifications the British enforced and their disinclination to assume a choice to the Western construct of power.

It can be said that historically speaking, the Middle East has not been considered to be charitable to the power of…. [read more]


Performance of the Middle East Emerging Property Markets Discussion Chapter

… Performance of the Middle East Emerging Property Markets

The previous chapters have constituted the preamble to the analysis to be conducted at this stage. Specifically, this chapter reveals the distribution of the survey, the collection of answers and the processing of the findings in order to generate conclusions. The fact that the survey is used generates a wide array of benefits at this stage. For instance, the issuance of the survey and its completion was an efficient process as all respondents were familiar with the research method. Additionally, the questionnaire creates opportunities to collect vast amounts of information. Finally, the use of the survey allows the efficient processing of the data and their integration in easy to understand results.

Before however accessing the information collected…. [read more]


U.S. Foreign Policy and the Middle East Term Paper

… U.S. Foreign Policy and the Middle East

Just as the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor forced United States into World War II, the attack on the World Trade Center during 9/11 forced the United States to find active and strategic ways to fight terrorism. With terrorism being born and bred in the Middle East every day, the United States needs to take a strong and effective stance on extremist and fundamentalist forms of terrorism. The best way for the United States to achieve this is by looking at the successful actions of its past when it comes to tricky foreign policy relations.

While many historians will attempt to compare and connect the Chinese revolution with the Russian revolution, that impulse is understandable, but misguided. "The…. [read more]


Economic Strategies in the Middle East What Emerging Strategy Is Winning Term Paper

… Economic Strategies in the Middle East: What Emerging Strategy Is Winning?

This paper analyzes the drivers of economic growth in five Middle Eastern countries: Israel, Qatar, Dubai, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Despite the disparate nature of their economic and political strategies, all five countries are enjoying significant growth.

The strategies for growth are analyzed according to a set of indicators which indicate the future trajectory of these countries' growth rates, and the sources for this economic growth.

The paper concludes that four of the five countries will continue to enjoy significant growth rates. Saudi Arabia, however, will continue to struggle despite high demand and high prices for its primary extractive resources.

As knowledge-based industries and political stability grow in the other four countries, they should…. [read more]


History of the Modern Middle East Term Paper

… History Of the Modern Middle East

As a result of the Industrial Revolution, during the 19th and the 20th centuries, the Western world as grew more dependent upon the advancement of technology, in every facet of daily existence. As an unintentional result of this economic revolution, the major commercial powers grew more dependent upon the non-renewable resource of oil. The state that controlled oil, in the form of trade routes, or oil-producing colonies, could dominate the other major nation-states. Ironically, as a result of technological advancement, the states that had formerly dismissed the Middle East as backward or significant only in terms of its historical role in the development of Christianity grew progressively more dependant upon the region to sustain a modern economy.

Initially, Britain…. [read more]


Conflict Resolution in the Middle Term Paper

… The pro-Israel camp has its own lobbies, organizations, think tanks, magazines, support groups, Internet user groups, etc. that strives hard to establish that the Arabs are wrong and they are right. The Israelis pose to be more outstanding in morality than the Arabs. Similarly the lobbies, organizations, think tanks, magazines, support groups, Internet user groups, etc. existing in the side of pro-Arab camps strives hard to establish that the Israelis are wrong and they are right. They also announce in similar fashion that they are morally more upstanding in comparison to the Israelis. Both of the groups are accusing each other labeling allegation that the other is morally deficient, the other is not acting nicely and because of the other that they are not arriving…. [read more]


Role of Democracy Essay

… And while the Iranian people may have rejected this religious-based ideology, they have made it clear that they demand a more democratic and capitalistic state. According to Marx and Engels such a state would eventually turn into a tool of the wealthy for which they could control the people. However, the people of Iran have not succeeded in overthrowing their current ideologically tyrannical government, and with that government's willingness to mercilessly crush any resistance, it does not seem likely to occur any time soon.

Works Cited

Cullen, Daniel. "On Rousseau's democratic realism.(French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau)." Perspectives on Political Science 36.4 (2007): 207+. Academic OneFile. Web. 23 Apr. 2011.

"Egypt News - Revolution and Aftermath" New York Times. 18 Apr. 2011. Web 23 Apr. 2011. http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories…. [read more]


How Westernization Impact on Iran Culture Social Value Term Paper

… Middle East

BACKGROUND INFORMATION OF IRAN TRADITIONAL CULTURE.

HOW THEY ISOLATED FROM WESTERN CULTURE AND RESTRICTED

ABOUT WESTERNIZATION. WHAT DOES IRAN CLUTURE VALUE?

EVIDENCE OF WESTERN INFLUENCE

EXAMPLES-BLACK MARKET (DRUG, FOOD, CLOTHES, WEAPON) - RELIGION (CHRISTIAN)

EFFECTS ON IRAN CULTURE

CHANGING WOMEN'S ROLE

RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS (WESTERN VALUES ARE VIOLATED KORAN WHICH IS ISLAMIC LAWS) -MORDINIZATION PLEASE USE SEPECIFIC EXAMPLES TO SHOW CULTURAL IMPACT ON IRAN

WHAT CAN WE LEAN FROM LOOKING AT IRAN WESTERNIZATION?

HOW DOES SOCIETY CHANGE?

WHAT CAN INFER ABOUT WESTERNIZATION IN MIDDLE EAST?

Westernization in Iran

The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze Iran and its modernization. Specifically it will discuss the impact of westernization on Iran's culture. It will look at the importance of Iran's westernization and…. [read more]


Middle East Culture Islam Israel Democratization Term Paper

… Roadblocks to Israeli Democratization

Roadblocks to the Democratization of Israel

Israel is a diverse nation with many different sects and cultures within it. When one compares this nation to the United States it would seem as the perfect place for democracy. One would expect it to have a peaceful existence where peoples of all cultures work together for common goals. However, when one examines the history of conflict in Israel they soon find that the nation of Israel is not anything like the United States at all. In Israel there has been little unification of cultures. The various cultures and religious sects have refused to give up any of their own identity and refuse to compromise any of their own interests. The following will explore…. [read more]


Globalization -A Effects Research Paper

… The rift between the west and the Islamic is due to lack of proper communication. The Muslims are not in support of the globalization since they find it to be more westernized, so they are finding their own way of globalizing themselves. For instance, they allow the use of internet among their followers to connect together to those people who share the same understanding of Islamic.

Many states of the Middle East are fiercely against the incorporation of globalization in their culture. They are adamant to some aspects of globalization so they cannot put up with some practices that come along with it. They strongly cling to their culture and they cannot change it to go with the trend of the modern world, so they…. [read more]


Educational Boundaries of Women in the Middle East Thesis

… Education of Women in the Middle East

Educational Boundaries of Women in the Middle East

Middle Eastern culture represents a traditional society steeped in tradition. Muslim law clearly defines gender roles and largely dictates social structure in many countries. Under this system, women were denied even the most basic education, as it did not enhance their traditional domestic role in raising the children and running the house. The men were the providers and worked outside of the home. This was not a women's place and even if women had the desire, in many places, it was strictly forbidden. However, the emergence of a new middle class is changing these values. This research will examine changing roles and educational opportunities for women. It will support the…. [read more]


Israeli Politics and Society Term Paper

… Israeli Politics

Separating Religion from National Identity: Interview with Avraham B. Yehoshua."

Palestine - Israel Journal of Politics, Economics, and Culture

When researching the Middle East, one of the most important concepts to question is the idea of 'identity.' The state of Israel is based upon the commonly shared Jewish identity, religion, and history of all of its citizens. However, its notions of citizenship and identity extend far beyond its physical borders. Everyone who is Jewish is potentially a citizen of Israel. This sense of citizenship encompasses many different individuals within its definition, including people of different races, ethnic groups, and levels of religiosity. The state of Israel illustrates one of the paradoxes of the region. Every Middle Eastern person has intense tribal loyalties, not…. [read more]


Politics Modern Political Thought Term Paper

… Modern capitalism is far less restrictive than what they were used to. When society evolved to try to give everyone a small piece of the big pie, it eventually called it Capitalism. "Over a period of a few centuries the 'long journey' toward capitalism extended in this direction: a complex and interlocking process which involved the formation of merchant and banking bourgeoisies, the appearance of nations and the establishment of modern states, the expansion of trade and the domination on a world scale, the development of techniques of transportation and production, the introduction of new modes of production and the emergence of new attitudes and ideas." (Beaud, 17)

There are still debates on whether capitalism is actually a system or if it is merely an…. [read more]


Cass Sustein's Politics Term Paper

… He describes journalism as a continuing course in adult education.

Moyers was one of the journalists to uncover the Iran/contra scandal, and also the Democrats unbridled and illegal fundraising in 1996. He argues that he lost underwriters through his covering of such stories, and describes how he found that he could not propose controversial subjects to underwriters, for fear that they would not cover him. Then he describes how The Mutual of America agreed to support his journalism, so that he could begin to uncover 'tricky' subjects through his writing.

He then moves on to a discussion of his own politics, agreeing with Roosevelt's thoughts, that the central fact of his era was that economic power had become so centralized and dominant that it could…. [read more]


Power, Interdependence, and Nonstate Actors Research Paper

… Power, Interdependence, And Nonstate Actors in World Politics

Power, Interdependence, and Non-state Actors in World Politics

In the late 1970s, new approaches emerged concerning international relations. Although the constituents of the new approaches appear in numerous literatures, several political scholars combined the themes in the various literatures to develop a competitor to realism, which later led to the formulation of neo-realism. This model was first discussed in Power and Interdependence; however, this approach is currently popular and referred to as neo-liberal institutionalism. After three decades since Power and Interdependence, numerous studies suggest that this new model has gained significant international relations. On the other hand, After Hegemony, which is core to the neo-liberal model, provided the most compelling theoretical support for the existences and role…. [read more]


Economy of Colonial America Term Paper

… " Using this formula, and plugging the math into 1980 dollars, per capita income for "free" colonists in 1650 was $572; for 1720 it was $826; and for 1774 it rose to $1,043, according to McCusker's research. There was a dramatic disparity between wealth in the "Upper and Lower South" and the New England and Middle Colonies (Table 3.3, 61). To wit, the "Net Worth per Free White Person" (NWPFWP) in New England (using Pounds Sterling) in 1774 was 33.00; in the Middle Colonies in the same year it was 51.00; but in the Upper and Lower South, it was 132.00 Pounds Sterling. One reason New England lagged behind in NWPFWP (92) was that those settlers "...lacked a major staple commodity to export" to the…. [read more]


Conflict and Security Term Paper

… Conflict and Security

International relations has always been an arena of conflicting theories and hypotheses; the existence of many political systems and various ideas regarding how nations should behave is a testament to the eternal nature of the questions concerning the best forms of governance. Since the ancient Greek philosophers right up through the twenty-first century, political scientists, philosophers, and laymen alike have theorized about the most effective and just form of international relations, the ways that states interact with one another.

The liberal and realist schools of thought have been seemingly opposing viewpoints for centuries; the liberal interest individual rights and an international focus on compromise and cooperation as opposed to the realist idea of self-preservation for the nation-state at any cost, even one…. [read more]


Immigration in Denmark Research Proposal

… Immigration and Crime in Denmark…

Immigration in Denmark

Immigration and Crime in Denmark, Anti-Immigration and Real Crime Changes, associated with Middle East Immigration to Denmark"

Immigration and Crime in Denmark, Anti-Immigration and Real Crime Changes, associated with Middle East Immigration to Denmark"

Immigration to Denmark has had a remarkable upswing over the last twenty years. Many of the immigrants to Denmark are from the Middle East. The sentiment of the nation at least according to the media and public has been a growing sense of anti-immigration sentiment and one of the reasons that some of these opponents to immigration give is the rise in crime associated with Middle Eastern immigration and all immigration in general. This proposal will look at real crime rates in two…. [read more]


Religion and Politics Uses Term Paper

… Since the study of the relationship between contemporary efforts to formulate Islamic rights provisions and their counterparts in contemporary international human rights law is a proper and even conventional topic in the field of comparative legal history, one would not expect that researching and commenting on it would be like stepping into an ideological minefield. In actuality, one discovers that the mere project of undertaking a critical assessment of Islamic approaches to rights will be widely denounced as a venture necessarily motivated by ethnocentric biases and designed to promote political objectives associated with Orientalism and Western imperialism." (Mayer, 1999)

Whenever the east has attempted to portray itself as strong, the west through orientalism has squashed the efforts. "Crude dualism appears necessary for constructing the positive…. [read more]


Government Economic and Business in the Middle East Term Paper

… ¶ … government, economics, and business in the Middle East. Specifically it will discuss the economic interaction between Iran and Israel from 1975 until 1985 and how the Islamic Revolution in 1979 has influenced the economy during this time until today. With the formation of Israel in 1948, tensions in the Middle East increased, and battle lines were drawn. However, Iran was one of the first countries to formally recognize Israel as a viable state in the Middle East, which led to relatively cordial relationships between the two countries, at first. However, today, all relationships between the two countries have dissolved, and Israel threatens to attack Iran if they further develop their nuclear capabilities. This animosity was not always the case, as Israel and Iran…. [read more]


Economics and International Relations in Nation Building Essay

… Economics and International Relations in Nation Building

To what extent is Samuel P. Huntington's 'Clash of Civilizations' model useful in explaining the conduct of international relations in the post-11 September 2001 world?

The recent events in world history have generated a wide array of responses from both practitioners as well as academicians. The opinions vary from one pole to the other and while some see the events as the end of history as we know it, others argue that they only represent a stage in the modern society. Samuel P. Huntington belongs to the first category and believes that society will return to the traditional conflicts between nations. However, unlike other suggestions in this direction, Huntington's ideas revolve around conflicts based on cultural values, rather…. [read more]


Iran Hostage Discussion Questions: Middle East History Research Paper

… Iran Hostage

Discussion Questions: Middle East History

Compare and Contrast the reform policies of Mustafa Kemal and Reza Khan.

In the aftermath of World War I, the world had begun to experience massive structural change, with a wave of imperial collapses producing a groundswell of nationalism and independence movements. The once mighty and respected Ottoman Empire was among these, with decades of retraction and dictatorship unraveling into widespread discontent. So too would be the Kingdom of Persia find itself on the cusp of change, with an historical rule of clergymen and local warlords coalescing into disorder. In these circumstances, Mustafa Kemal and Reza Kahn would emerge to bring about the existence of modern Turkey and Iran respectively.

The great military and political leader, Mustafa Kemal…. [read more]

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