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military and international relations paper central asia Essay

… [endnoteRef:4] A loosely connected but historically viable group of local tribes throughout Central Asia also precludes the potential for centralized institutions that could have usurped the power of warlords. The illicit economy holds together loose federations, which perceive outside interventions on the part of even the most well-meaning of international actors who operate under the presumptions of democratic peace theory. [3: Rubin, Barnett R. 'The Political Economy of War and Peace in Afghanistan.' World Development Vol. 28, No. 10, pp. 1789'1803, 2000, Online available at: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c36f/7be485354bca2bc1991280c4cb5204a3914f.pdf] [4: Rubin, Barnett R. 'The Political Economy of War and Peace in Afghanistan.' World Development Vol. 28, No. 10, pp. 1789'1803, 2000, Online available at: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c36f/7be485354bca2bc1991280c4cb5204a3914f.pdf]

Democratic peace theory has been the primary principle behind the 'radical state building…. [read more]


Russia NATO Relations Essay

… On the other hand Russia insisted that this recognition was done based on the situation on the ground and it was in accordance to the UN Charter. NATO had taken an initiative to suspend t6he relation between them, and Russia completely terminated the cooperation agreement that existed. All this happened after the events of Georgia 2008 and they really had an impact on the negative views that Russia had on NATO (Vasilenkov, 2012).

The relations between NATO and Russia were further strained when Russia diplomats were expelled by NATO in 2009.They were expelled on the basis that they were on a spying mission and were not genuine diplomats. This intensified the tension which was already created by the NATO military exercises in Georgia as proposed…. [read more]


International Peace Conference Term Paper

… "

Historical Retrospective Evaluation of Peace Conference Results:

The International Peace Conference of 1899 was a remarkably diverse gathering of nations that paved the path for future relations that has been utilized over and over again since the initial meeting over 100 years ago. Multilateral settlement of disputes is common in today's global society however, without this grand meeting of nations a very different path of war and destruction along with violation of human rights could have well been history's tale. Although all of these atrocities have not been altogether avoided, without the meeting at "The Hague" history's story would be much more grievous to the listener than actually resulted.

Although the conference didn't actually see realization of the "ideals" that were expressed by the…. [read more]


Foreign Relations of U.S Essay

… Foreign Relations of the U.S.

This is a guideline and template. Please do not use as a final turn-in paper.

What were the initial aims, scope and means of the containment policy? How and why did strategy of containment evolve over time from Truman to Reagan? What were its major strengths and flaws?

George Kennan, President Truman's Director of the Policy Planning Staff, created the doctrine we know as "containment." It was meant, at the time, to contain the advance of the U.S.S.R. And communism to other areas of the world. His idea was that the U.S. should utilize patience, firmness, and counter-force only when necessary to ensure that communism did not spread to other countries and continents. He thought that this policy, over time,…. [read more]


Asia Pacific Business China Term Paper

… Furthermore the organizations in Australia are of diverse opinions as compared to the Chinese and the organizations in Australia hold to the belief of harmony on ethnic issues and are more integrated into the thought-process in diversity.

There exist the factors of motivation by autonomy and uncertainty in employment for the Australian manager than for the Chinese. Australians are also more achievement motivated. In comparison to the Chinese independence and control are much less factors of motivations for the Australians as well as being less motivated by security on the economic level. Finally Australians are less motivated by ambition.

"Compared to their Chinese, Indian and South African counterparts, Australian managers indicate a significantly higher commitment to ethical principles with lower commitment to business objectives regardless…. [read more]


Kennedy and Flexible Response Research Paper

… Kennedy and Flexible Response

So many of the issues that plagued the U.S. during our JFK period case study exist now to this day, in fact even more so now. While the negative fallout from Vietnam brought about a curtailment of federal infringements upon civilian constitutional rights and foreign adventures, this has not been the case in the wake of post 9/11 incarnations such as the PATRIOT Act and a general loss in democratic liberties since the Al-Qaeda. Despite reversals in Iraq and Afghanistan, much less fervor and interest have manifested themselves in issues of empire and damage to the constitution. Certainly, to understand such issues, one must know how the government processes of the national security state evolved and remained in the background (despite…. [read more]


International Marketing -- South Korea Term Paper

… South Korea's GDP is for instance greater that that of Australia, Canada, the Netherlands or Switzerland. Four decades ago however, South Korea's GDP was comparable to the national output of the poorer countries in Africa or Asia. This was however the time when the state officials became engaged in processes of modernization, global integration and introduction of high technology applications with business operations.

The most important features of the South Korean economy are summarized throughout the following table:

Economic Indicator

Value of the Indicator in South Korea

Global Average of the Economic Indicator

U.S. Value of the Economic Indicator

1.

GDP

- from agriculture

- from industry

- from services

$1.338 trillion

- 3%

- 39.5%

-57.6%

$70.14 trillion

- 4%

- 32%

$14.44 trillion…. [read more]


Combat Supply Support Communications and Information Systems Term Paper

… Combat Supply Support Communications and Information Systems Requirements for Future Logisticians

The only thing worse in war other than "having to fight with allies is having to fight without allies."

Winston Churchill during World War II)

The purpose of this study is to examine the coalition partnership between Australia and the United States in regards to the requirements of combat supply communications and information systems requirements for future logisticians.

The work of Colonel Patrick J. Dulin states that it is stated that a commented made by Winston Churchill during World War II was that the only thing worse in war other than "having to fight with allies is having to fight without allies." (2002) Furthermore, it is also stated that General Omar Bradley, during the…. [read more]


Realism and the End of the Cold War Seminar Paper

… Realism and the End of the Cold War

The field of international relations has always been dominated by one theory or another that tried to explain, through different mechanisms and concepts, the evolution of the international affairs.

Realism was one of the theories that tried to best characterize the period of the Cold War and especially the bipolar relation between the West and the East, which is between the United States and the Soviet Union. After the fall of the U.S.S.R. At the beginning of the 1990s, it was considered that the realist theory of international relations did not grasp sufficiently accurate the power relations between the two important players and was not able to predict the fall of communism and the end of the…. [read more]


Human Trafficking National Security Implications Research Paper

… " (Siskin and Wyler, 2010, p.37)

There is also a question whether all types of trafficking should receive an equal focus. Stated is that while the TVPA defines trafficking "broadly to include problems such as forced labor, sex slavery, and domestic servitude…some argue that the U.S. government anti-trafficking efforts have a bias disproportionately focusing on sexual exploitation at the expense of other forms of trafficking." (Siskin and Wyler, 2010, p.37) Also stated is that too much of the funding to combat trafficking in the U.S. has been "directed to NGOs focused on the rescue of women and children from the commercial sex industry." (Siskin and Wyler, 2010, p.37)

Also reported is that the UNODC states that the most common form of human trafficking is sexual…. [read more]


UN Security Council Proliferation Research Paper

… [footnoteRef:10] [9: Peter Crail, "Implementing UN Security Council Resolution 1540: A Risk-Based Approach," The Nonproliferation Review, vol 15, no. 13, July 2006, p. 355.] [10: Lars Olberg, "The Implementation of Resolution 1540 in the Middle East," Cooperative Monitoring Center-Amman Occasional Paper, February 2008, p. 3.]

Simultaneously, in the years leading up to the adoption of Resolution 1540, the United States was in a hurry to put on the books a measure that obligated the entire international community to take steps to shut down or disrupt terrorist networks seeking WMD. More specifically, the George W. Bush Administration did not believe that the time-consuming process of negotiating a multilateral treaty was an appropriate path, considering the urgency of generating a WMD terrorism nonproliferation tool. In fact, the…. [read more]


Strategic Value of Nuclear Weapons in International Research Proposal

… Strategic Value of Nuclear Weapons in International Relations

Throughout history, international relations have been shaped by military power. Traditionally, this power has come in the form of the conventional weaponry possessed by sea, land, and later, air forces. The Second World War was decided largely on the basis of a massive deployment of these weapons, backed up by enormous industrial might. Yet, the Second World War also introduced an entirely new force - the nuclear weapon. The two atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki ushered in a new age in both warfare and international relations. In 1945, the United States was the only nation on Earth that possessed these new super weapons. For a brief moment in time, it enjoyed unchallenged primacy across the…. [read more]


Iran Country Assessment -- Economic Research Paper

… [10: CIA. 2012. The World Fact book -- Iran. Online, available from Internet, accessed July 17th, 2012.]

Physical Resources

Natural Resources:

Iran has been bestowed with rich natural resources in the form of lands, forests, minerals, natural gas and oil products, etc. In its rich agri land, Iran grows a number of food products; including wheat, rice, wool, cotton, fruits, sugarcane, and dry fruits. The excess quantities of these products are exported to other countries.

Exports:

Iran exports oil and natural gas, chemical and petrochemical products, and fruits to China, Japan, Turkey, Italy, Spain, South Korea, and India. China is currently the biggest export partner of Iran by taking more than 19% of its export commodities. Iran's total exports for the year 2011 were…. [read more]


Military Assistance Funding for Indonesia Term Paper

… U.S. Military Assistance Funding to Indonesia

The Causative People, Events, and Factors

{Class identifiers here}

{Date, location, and so on, as required}

This case study examines the issues surrounding the influence, intervention, sanctions, and programs applied toward Indonesia support. Key to this study will be the individual people, groups, and institutions surrounding the successes and failures in this assistance and the motivations, perceptions, and agendas involved.

Historical Overview of Indonesia and United States' National Security Interests

According to the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs

, Indonesia is a strategic key to our National Security interests. Located strategically alongside several important international maritime crossroads, ingress to the United States from the sea must be managed from such strategic locations.

The…. [read more]


Asian Resources and Economic Research Paper

… State involvement in commercial transactions thus has little to do with contributing to the creation of sustainable economic growth. In fact, several commercial transactions have merely worked to sustain the 'shadow state', ensuring that income generation is not tied to economic development but to securing regime survival (NATO, 2009).

India:

Although United States has been acting as the sole power governing the economic scenery of the world. However, past two decades have shown few major changes. The burden of world economy is now on the shoulders of under dogs like China and India whereas U.S. And Europe are struggling hard to retain their old positions. Economists globally are predicting these Asian countries to be the leading global economic powers in near future. The World Bank…. [read more]


International and Trade Policy of Early Choson Yi Dynasty Korea Essay

… International and Trade Policy of early Choson (Yi) Dynasty Korea

The aim of this paper is to examine key historical forces that shaped Traditional Korea in the period between 1392 and 1910. The paper intertwines political, economic, socio and cultural themes as it highlights a number of major issues during the Early Yi Dynasty. It will provide a through review of Korea international and trade policy during the Early Yi Dynasty and its impact on the country and others such as Japan. It will also go ahead to examine its economic development, foreign, policy, and its relationship with other countries especially with Japan and Ming China during the early Yi Dynasty.

Nohm (1993) reveals that 'The Choson (YI) Dynasty was established from 1392 and lasted…. [read more]


Is the International Order an Increasingly Liberal One? Term Paper

… ¶ … International Order an Increasingly Liberal One?

Statement of the Thesis

Issues Discussed in the Literature

CHAPTER 3 SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, CLOSING THOUGHTS

Closing Thoughts

Is the International Order an Increasingly Liberal One?

Due in large part to the course of human events, helped along by international politics, and always driven by the pursuit of wealth and power, the international order has undergone many changes over many years. With the position of the international order in mind, the question arises as to whether the international order is an increasingly liberal one. This question is explored in this paper, along the guidelines that follow.

The researcher began this study and subsequent thesis in order to adequately determine whether the international order is an increasingly liberal one.…. [read more]


Chinese Acquisition of Nuclear Weapon Research Paper

… ¶ … Chinese acquisition of nuclear weapon, which may cause national security threats against the United States, is a matter of much concern. The research addresses the following research question:

What are the national security reasons for the U.S. involvement and political strategy in discouraging the implosion of a nuclear war with China?

The research question is important to address because recent Chinese modernization of nuclear weapons may lead to act of aggression on the United States. With potential destructive nature of nuclear weapons, it is critical for the U.S. To formulate appropriate foreign policy in discouraging the implosion of nuclear war with China since U.S.-China relations have been cordial in the recent years. More importantly, the research question is important to address because of…. [read more]


What Threat if Any Does the Rise of China Pose for International Order Term Paper

… Rise of China

Much in international relations has changed over the past two decades beginning with the dissolution of the Soviet bloc and the disintegration of the Soviet Union and continuing now with the slow growth of a more open market in China. For decades, both the U.S.S.R. And China were seen as enemies of the West as both were Communist in their orientation, though the two Communist powers did not always g along themselves, a fact which only made them more threatening to much of the rest of the world.. with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, China became the major Communist power in the world, far more of a threat than Cuba, yet treated quite differently than that smaller country. Where America has…. [read more]


Rise of China the Power Research Paper

… After the Sino-Indian War of 1962 and China's nuclear detonation in 1964, India's leaders had to reconsider the position first made by its First Prime Minister, Mawaharlal Nehru. Nehru said that India would never use nuclear weapons for "evil purposes." Lal Bahadur Shastri first said that the Indian government was willing to make necessary revisions in the national interest. On January 21, 1965, however, he repeated the position of Nehru that India would not develop nuclear weapons under his administration. Indira Gandhi's government linked India's nuclear policy with security requirements. The 1974 detonation of a nuclear device demonstrated India's decision and the strengthening of its nuclear option. It decided to take that option and direction in consideration of the growing nuclear and strategic capability of…. [read more]


World Order Soft Power Non-State Actors Marxism and Constructivism Future Hypothetical System Term Paper

… Globalization, soft power, NGOs, and world order

Soft Power

What is a soft power?

Soft power is a concept that describes the ways and means that a particular nation uses in persuading other nations to accept her policies. A nation that uses soft power may uses things like cooperative programs and financial aids in attracting other nations. The nation considers other nations as partners and uses incentive ways to capture their interest. Soft power contrasts with hard power, which uses coercion, military force, and other influential ways in achieving desired objectives.

How do proponents of using a soft power argues that the U.S. should address the increasing economic and military growth of China?

Some of the proponents that are using soft power in exhibiting their…. [read more]


Ethnic Conflict in Xinjiang an Application of Internal Security Dilemma Term Paper

… Ethnic Conflict in Xinjiang: An Application of Internal Security Dilemma

There has been much discussion on this issue and from different points-of-view. An important study conducted on the Xinjiang and the internal security dilemma has been conducted by Jiaxing Xu, "The Ethnic Security Dilemma and Ethnic Violence: An Alternative Empirical Model and its Explanatory Power" (2012) in which the role of ethnic violence and is discussed as a possibility of explaining the ethnic security dilemma. Another important resource for this case study is Michael Edward Brown's "The International Dimensions of Internal Conflict" in which he theorizes the aspects of internal conflicts and connection with ethnic groups and security dilemmas. Also, given that the subject is complex in its nature, it is important to also consider…. [read more]


Tonkin Gulf Crisis the Debate Term Paper

… "

Ellsberg is not the only one who exposed the conspiracy. In 1977, former Under Secretary of State George Ball stated: "Many of the people associated with the war...were looking for any excuse to initiate bombing. The DeSoto Patrols were primarily for provocation....There was a feeling that if the destroyer got into trouble, that would provide the provocation needed (Ford, 1997)."

For those who are convinced that the Johnson administration knowingly deceived Congress and the American people, the only question that remains is "why?" The resolution clearly stated, "Upon request of South Vietnam or the Laotian government to use all measures including the commitment of U.S. Armed Forces in their Defense (Ford, 1997)." This resolution had been prepared in May 1964, three months before the…. [read more]


Powers and Rights Assessment

… S. federal court system and wage litigation warfare? What is the background and current status of this issue?

The chances of this depend on whether or not a successful act of terror actually occurred. If one did occur, the U.S. court system basically requires that the person or persons would get the chance to face their accusers, which means a case in the U.S. federal court system would involve courts in the general local where the terror occurred. So far this has not been allowed because the public responds dramatically to the idea of extending rights in this manner. Accordingly, the chances are that our people would have to use the military tribunals.

4) What is a military tribunal? Has the United States used military…. [read more]


Political Science International Political Economy: Realist, Liberal Research Paper

… Political Science

International Political Economy:

Realist, Liberal, and Marxist Perspectives

The current international order is in a state of flux. As economics becomes ever more global in scale, nation states struggle to maintain their independent powers and spheres of influence. The more than three hundred year old Westphalian order has been replaced, to a significant extent, by a system of international organizations, and an international political economy that has attempted to coalesce around a single hegemon. Through agreements such as Bretton Woods, the United States established its currency as the world's reserve standard. The petroleum that fuels the globe's industrial powerhouses is, by and large, bought and sold in dollars. The United States, despite enormous declines in industrial output, and a move toward a post-industrial…. [read more]


Impacts of Types of States on Economic Development in Southeast Asia Term Paper

… ¶ … economic development in Southeast Asia

The Impacts of the Types of States upon Economic Development in Southeastern Asia

Southeastern Asia is a term that encompasses several countries geographically placed on the southern region of the Asian continent, delimited from west to east by Western Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia and Southern Asia. The actual countries of the southeastern Asia are geographically placed in the south of China and the east of India. The region is globally characterized throughout the large number of inhabitants: 1.6 billion people, which comprise one fifth of the entire global population.

Along the years there have been numerous disputes as to whether or not all countries in the region ought to be included all together in the same group.…. [read more]


Australian Defense Force and Whole of Government Operations Term Paper

… Australian Defense Force and Whole of Government Operations

Has the Australian Defense Force (ADF) "broken the code" to successful integration of joint-interagency support during the conduct of military operations?

Following the end of Australian involvement in the Vietnam War a decision was made by the Government of Australia to reorganize the department supporting the military services, which included the Army, Navy and Air Force, which recommended the unification into one single Department of Defense. These recommendations were accepted by the government and the Australian Defense Force (ADF) was formed on February 9, 1976. Over the course of the next thirty years the ADF would continually redefine its role and how it interacts with supporting government agencies in the conduct of military operation. The contemporary security…. [read more]


Intelligence Failures Research Paper

… The Central Intelligence Agency was created in the wake of WWII and saw a further diffusion of power within the intelligence community itself. This agency made its bones as a force behind the cold war and was central in the conducting of those operations. The CIA consistently overestimated future Soviet nuclear capabilities with far reaching political consequences. It is now understood that the Soviet nuclear arsenal was not much of a threat and innumerable amount of resources were wasted during this time because of this error. Gusterson (2010) injects a substantial opinion about the misguiding of this time when he wrote " he tells us that their destructiveness has been exaggerated; that the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were of marginal importance in ending World…. [read more]


Interdisciplinary Methods One Weakness Research Paper

… 169).

Young Hitler also hated school or any type of organization or routine work, and lived in an escapist fantasy land in which he was a great artists or a cowboy fighting Native Americans in the Wild West of the American frontier. All of these traits of "indolent lifestyle, the grandiosity of fantasy, the lack of discipline for systematic work" stayed with Hitler for the rest of his life (Kershaw, p. 11). Even in his youth, he was fascinated with Wagner and nationalistic myths of Nordic gods and heroes, and imagined himself as a great leader or an artistic genius. As Albert Speer observed, Hitler had a talent for drawing buildings but never the human figure, which is why he was not admitted to the…. [read more]


Wikileaks Research Paper

… Assange was also one of the first to hack into U.S. military computer system, as well as NASA, the National Security Agency, Los Alamos nuclear laboratories, and defense contractors like Lockheed and TRW. Arrested by the Australian National Police in 1991, he was let off with a small fine and a warning (Fowler 11). Later, he hacked into the Church of Scientology, which he believed was an elitist, authoritarian organization, and also obtained an early encryption system known as Pretty Good Privacy that the U.S. government was attempting to ban in the 1990s. In 2006, Assange joined with a radical organization in Seattle called Riseup that provided "a secure network to help his nascent WikiLeaks organization communicate with its supporters around the world" (Fowler 45).…. [read more]

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