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Military Lessons Learned Essay

… A shared frame of reference is reported to be key in group common understanding. A shared mental model for information and communication procedures is reported to be the primary base in developing "SSA appropriate to current mission goals." (Cantu and Cantu, nd, p.5) Continuous and effective communication is also reported as being critical in the sharing of interests and in gaining an awareness that is comprehensive of the priorities of all actors in crisis planning.

III. Military Lessons Learned to Assist in More Effective Mission Success

The military lessons learned that would assist in more effective success in military missions include that there is a critical need for continuous communication that is effective in nature since this will enable coordinated action and will result in…. [read more]


Military Lessons Learned From Vietnam Essay

… From a strictly military perspective, though, some of the more salient lessons learned from the War in Vietnam that can help me achieve my professional goals today include the need to:

1. Be nonjudgmental;

2. Learn the facts before forming an opinion;

3. Embrace cultural diversity in health care;

4. Develop collaborative practice among nursing teams; and,

5. Promote team work, respect and support for each other.

All of the foregoing are directly related to what one U.S. Army officer considered the most important lesson learned in Vietnam: "Of all the 'lessons learned' from the Vietnam war the need for flexibility in both thought and action is perhaps the most critical" (Summers, 1982, p. 139).

Conclusion

Given its impact on the American consciousness and the…. [read more]


Military Lessons of the Vietnam Term Paper

… Strategic thinking involves setting of goals and objectives and defining how these goals and objectives will be most efficiently and most effectively accomplished. As Clinical Unit Leader, my responsibilities are tactical in that I must decide how the resources, both in terms of supplies and of employee's time on the job, will be best distributed to assist the unit in meeting the goals and objectives of health care provision to patients. Logistics involve the moving about of medicines to the proper patient and at the right time and effectively transferring patients to various areas of the medical facility for tests and treatments as well as the timely acquisition of lab reports and test results from various departments in the medical facility.

III. Cooperation and Support…. [read more]


Lessons Learned by American Experience Essay

… ... Our lack of understanding has also led us to miscalculate our enemies, with the result that we have been unable to estimate their response to force or diplomacy or a mixture of the two." (Lewis, 1996, p.1)

Winterstein (2000) writes that Lloyd Gardener, Professor at Rutgers University "discerned two different military strategies during the Johnson presidency: (1) crisis management; and (2) attrition. (p.1) Dr. Gardener holds that the strategy of the Johnson administration "derived from the requirement that Vietnam not be allowed to derail the president's ambitious domestic goals. His aim, therefore, was simply not to lose. In 1964, McGeorge Bundy and McNamara told Johnson that the United States had to demonstrate its resolve to defend South Vietnam in order to convince the North…. [read more]


Lessons Learned American Experience Vietnam Essay

… As a strategic thinker, I need a considerable amount of input from others to successfully accomplish my tasks. Foremost among the things I need from others is orders of military objectives. These orders, of course, are influenced by the Commander in Chief and other political entities that then dispose orders along the chain of command which eventually reach me. One of the most important things I need from tactical planners -- who are devising the means to carry out the ends that I and others above me in the chain of command have in mind -- is for them to be able to share my vision. They must be able to understand just what it is that I am trying to accomplish so that they…. [read more]


Lessons Learned From the Vietnam Essay

… After Nixon's secret bombing campaign in Cambodia was published by The New York Times in May 1969, "…Nixon ordered wiretaps put on the phones of officials and journalists that he suspected" (Moss 279). Nixon also ordered wiretaps on the National Security Council staff and later he ordered a series of "dirty tricks" (including break-ins by the "plumbers"). These actions were of course unethical and criminal, and they were the most horrific examples in generations of how an American president resorted to evil, unconscionable strategies to hurt his "enemies" and keep his pathetically inept policies alive. Nixon actually considered using an atomic bomb on North Vietnam at one point, a sure sign that he was mentally unstable.

Cultural Social Contexts

Beginning in the late 1960s, a…. [read more]


Lessons of Vietnam Essay

… S. military has also been drastically altered by Vietnam. It may be American politicians who decide whether or not to go to war, it is the American military that must fight that war. According to General David H. Petraeus, the architect of American strategy in Afghanistan, the military learned three distinct lessons from the conflict in Vietnam. The military first learned that the patience of the American people is not limitless when faced with a protracted conflict. American military strategy must be based on a limited time frame by which the operation must be completed. As General George C. Marshall, the architect of the American victory in W.W. II warned, "a democracy cannot fight a Seven Years War." (Petraeus, 1986, p. 50) And as stated…. [read more]


Air Power Command and Control Lessons Learned at Operational Level of War Term Paper

… Vietnam: A Bird's Eye View of the historical and strategic past of U.S. Operations

Strategic Setting

The territory of the former French colony of Vietnam was occupied by two opposing armies, that of the North Vietnamese, armed by the Soviets, and the South Vietnamese, backed first by the French, then later by the Americans. Vietnam at the time of the conflict was divided into two opposing nations, as Korea is, still, to this day. (Phan, 2002)

Opposing Forces

Ho Chi Minn, a communist nationalist led the North Vietnamese. The United States Air force was devoted to training the VNAF (South Vietnamese Air Forces) to fight for this evolving independent nation, an objective that was not achieved.

Command Relationships / Adjustments made to Doctrine

From the…. [read more]


Lessons Learned From Making of a Quagmire Essay

… ¶ … lessons learned from Making of a Quagmire by David Halberstam and apply it to the defacto American raj in Afghanistan. First is not to become too closely associated with a present unpopular regime such as the Diem regime in Vietnam, as it is doing with the present administration in Afghanistan now (Halberstam and Singal 15). Also, staying in a never ending guerrilla war is an obvious lesson (ibid 65)

The best that can be done now is to declare victory since we have gotten Osama bin Laden and "train and transfer" the war to the Afghans. This was the original mission to go in, that is to decapitate and disrupt Al Qaeda. This has been done. It is impossible to do what every…. [read more]


To Learn From History Essay

… The strategy used by the United States in Vietnam has been called "graduated pressure," because the goal was to gradually escalate violent interventions until the communist government responded. The Americans seriously underestimated the communist government in Vietnam by doing this. Moreover, the Americans operated with arrogance and cultural superiority. The American intervention was not necessarily welcomed. There was little domestic support in Vietnam. As Donovan (2012) puts it, "If Vietnam taught us anything, it is that we can help an ally do that, but we cannot do the job by ourselves. The host government has to be interested and active in winning that basic loyalty," (p. 1). It was a self-serving effort that interfered with a sovereign nation, and Americans wreaked havoc on Vietnamese society.…. [read more]


American Experience From Vietnam War Essay

… America Vietnam

Tactical Planning According to the Lessons Learned in Vietnam

I have always perceived myself as an individual with great strengths in the area of practical task orientation. I have a good sense for the most efficient and often the most optimal ways of approaching responsibilities, organizing steps and delegating individual functions. It is thus that I would identify myself as a Tactical Planner. Of the essential role that have contributed to America's armed forces organizations, this one seems best suited to the way that I frame and attack challenges or workplace duties.

In order to determine my suitability to this role, it would be incumbent upon me to reflect on the way that I tend to formulate responses when faces with decisions, difficulties…. [read more]


Vietnam War DQ Essay

… However, there is a possibility of social loafing: people doing less work in a team than what they would be normally doing working independently. For me to reduce social loafing, I always make personal performance more noticeable while in a team environment. Developing smaller groups, specializing tasks to individuals, and calculating personal performance, can do this. I also reduce social loafing through improving worker motivation, by choosing workers who have previously shown themselves to be inspired, and improving job enrichment. In tests performed in the 90s, an increase in team cohesiveness showed up to reduce social loafing (Parker, 2008).

3. Finally, what strictly military lessons have you learned from the course so far that would help you accomplish your mission more effectively?

The military has…. [read more]


Vietnam Lessons Learned Essay

… com). At this time period in American history, the military-industrial complex was rapidly expanding, as was the power and scope of agencies such as the CIA and the FBI, which operated with little accountability and under a veil of secrecy. This shows how without checks and balances as the Founding Fathers intended, the administration of U.S. foreign policy can quickly become abusive and show tunnel vision in terms of the perceived threat (there was a theory that communism was like a contagion or a set of dominoes, and once one nation 'turned red' its neighbors would follow, regardless of the particular internal politics within the nation).

A final lesson of Vietnam can be seen in the lack of support amongst the American public for the…. [read more]


Phoenix Program Term Paper

… ¶ … Phoenix Program Lessons to Iraq

Scope and Significance

Summation

The Phoenix Program in Vietnam

Lessons Learned from Phoenix

Applications for Iraq

Selected Bibliography

APPLICATION of PHOENIX PROGRAM LESSONS to IRAQ

It is not at all unusual to hear popular comparisons made between the Vietnam War and the current war in Iraq and though most experts see only a casual relationship still others see a comparison that is not only valid but is applicable to the utilization of historical Vietnam tactics and lessons learned from them to formulate reasonable resolutions to the Iraq War. In a collection of essays analyzing the similarities and differences of the Vietnam and Iraq Wars, ed. David Ryan demonstrates that the two wars are very similar in public sentiment…. [read more]


Vietnam (Apa). Lessons Essay

… " (Kissinger) In other words, liberal Democrats could not long support a war against fellow socialists and by the late 1960's, their opposition to the war was quite substantial. Democrats will only support a war if it is aimed at what they considered to be evil, mainly a capitalistic dictatorship.

Another reason for the lack of public support was the obviously faulty official statements from the U.S. Government about how the war was proceeding. Official reports were always much too optimistic, creating a feeling among the American public that the war would be won at any time. The "Tet Offensive" in January of 1968 was a clear demonstration of the organization and power of the enemy, as well as a clear demonstration that the U.S.…. [read more]


American Experience in Vietnam Essay

… For example, illegal bombing raids into the neighboring countries of Cambodia and Laos had never been reported by the government or by the press, until knowledge they had occurred was revealed by the document leak. If Vietnam had already been failing badly at gaining the social and cultural support of the American people, the Pentagon Papers demonstrated that the war's opponents had in fact been correct in many of their claims.

But if the Pentagon Papers exposed that most of the military's Vietnam strategy was based on lying to the American public, it is worth noting that -- in terms of Presidential leadership -- the actual conflict was essentially based on one significant lie. This was the evidence presented by President Lyndon Johnson to the…. [read more]


Resolving the American War Essay

… A review of the armed forces' current directive in Afghanistan shows that this strategy of insurrection via instruction, despite its utter and complete collapse in Vietnam, is still a fundamental tenet of American foreign policy. At this very moment, tens of thousands of American troops are charged with the unenviable, and some would say impossible, task of teaching the newly formed Afghan army how to properly function as a defensive entity. The recent rash of "friendly fire" incidents, in which Afghan soldiers under the tutelage of American officers have betrayed their instructors, injuring hundreds and killing dozens, echoes the frustration endured by American commanders in Vietnam who were never fully capable of discerning friend from foe.

In his stirring introduction to Halberstam's The Making of…. [read more]


American Intervention in Vietnam, Including a Synopsis Term Paper

… ¶ … American intervention in Vietnam, including a synopsis of presidents in office during and after this time, and their ideas of what was important to the American people and nation at or about the time of the war. This paper also describes the lessons of the Vietnam War and its consequences on American foreign policy. The history of the United States is most controversial when the subject of the Vietnam War. To this day scholars and politicians disagree on the reasons for the war and the effects of the war on society (Lockard, 1994). This lack of synchronicity of thought has led to an ever-lasting state of unrest when one attempts to analyze the Vietnam War and its consequences, on the American people and…. [read more]


What Would Happen if the Drinking Age Were Raised in the Military? Research Paper

… Military Drinking Age

What would happen if the drinking age were raised in the military?

George Will once said, "Sensible politics begins with epistemological modesty about what one can know about a complicated society" (2011).

One can certainly argue that sensible journalism begins in much the same way. The writer, the researcher, the journalist, must acknowledge that there are certain limits to what he/she can about his/her subject matter or to the extent to which he/she can answer certain inquires relating to the nature of the human condition.

More candidly put, knowing about something has as much to do with knowing what one doesn't know about that something as it does with knowing what one knows about that something. Interesting, I may be inadvertently channeling…. [read more]


Vietnam War the Lessons Essay

… Presidential leadership

The Vietnam War was also a central focus in the presidential campaigns and also official agreements and commitments that were made by various presidents that ascended to power during the war period. Of greatest significance was the agreement by JF Kennedy to send the initial troops in 1961 also known as the U.S. Army Special Forces or the Green Berets. By 1962 Kenned has seen over 9,000 of the Special forces go into Vietnam to cushion the South Vietnam from the intimidation and propaganda by the Vietcong. This won him great admiration among the U.S. citizens and almost guaranteed him a second round with little opposition, until that vision was cut shot upon his assassination. Upon the assassination of President Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson…. [read more]


Military Leadership Essay

… For intensive care, rapid transition to the unit, quality medical care and continuous supervision while on the floor, and appropriate step-down to lower levels of care were all important considerations in looking to develop our processes. However, the idealized process that we would have wanted was not possible; we lacked the funds and personnel to implement everything that would have optimized our strategy. That is when tactical planning became important. Tactics refer to the specific actions needed to implement a strategy. "These actions comprise what is to be done, in what order, using which tools and personnel" (Brydson, 2014). Given the knowledge of what we could work with, the team was able to see how to best utilize resources to meet our strategic goals. Moreover,…. [read more]


Vietnam in the 20th Century Essay

… These so-called "people skills" represent an important element in effective leadership. For example, Lewis, Medlin, Malone and Murphy (2006) found that between 60% and 70% of employees in the U.S. are dissatisfied with their supervisor and this dissatisfaction is attributed to poor leadership. These authors conclude that, "Formal training in the development of people skills appears to be a fundamental factor in this effective leadership void" (Lewis et al., 2006, p. 88). Therefore, developing people skills can help people become more effective leaders in the workplace.

Finally, what strictly military lessons have you learned from the course so far that would help you accomplish your mission more effectively?

It is axiomatic that no battle plan survives the first shot, so leaders need to be flexible…. [read more]


Vietnam Term Paper

… When he worked behind the lines, one of his duties was as officer in change of reporting casualties, which were not nearly as high as they became in 1967 and 1968 when the war reached maximum escalation. When he returned to his old unit once after a leave, they were cold as distant with him, and he wondered whether this was because he had been transferred to the rear echelon. Then he learned that a friend of his named Sullivan had been killed by a sniper when out filling the canteens by a river, and that the sniper was a very good shot and had "plowed one helluva hole right through him" (Caputo 158). Another man had been shot through the spine and probably would…. [read more]


Vietnamization of the Vietnam War Term Paper

… Both sides, however, often demanded conditions to which the other side was unwilling to agree. The Americans, for example, called for the preservation of a non-Communist South Vietnamese state. The Viet Cong, on the other hand, demanded the immediate withdrawal of American troops in Southeast Asia (Dudley 96).

Despite the sharp increase in the number of troops sent to Vietnam, many of Johnson's policies were also aimed at minimizing the impact of the war on the United States. For example, though he asked for authorization to use armed forces, Johnson never asked Congress for a declaration of war nor did he call reserves back into active duty.

Furthermore, Johnson ignored recommendations to invade North Vietnam. He also did not authorize invasions of Cambodia or Laos,…. [read more]


US and Vietnam War Essay

… U.S. & Vietnam War

President Eisenhower said the U.S. should not become involved in a land war in Asia. President Johnson said we should not send American boys to fight Asian boys' war. Yet, the U.S. did become involved in a war in Vietnam. How and why did this happen? Why could the U.S. not win? What should the U.S. have learned from the war?

Fear: this is the main reason that the United States became involved in the Vietnam War. However, the fear was not just the fear of communism, despite the much-touted 'domino theory' that once a nation became communist, nearby nations would fall prey to communist infiltration. The fear was also rooted in the terror that by seeming weak on defense, a…. [read more]


Lesson That You Learned From Last Night Essay

… ¶ … lesson that you learned from LAST NIGHT I DREAMED OF PEACE?

There are several lessons to be learned from the Vietnamese war experience. One thing that really touches me from Dang Thuy Tram's Last Night I Dreamed of Peace is the universal theme of love. The timelessness of her words speaks to us even today and reflects the law of nature ordered toward the common good. More often than not, we take the gift of peace for granted. Last Night I Dreamed of Peace is an opportunity for us to stop and reflect for a while.

Summarily, the diary recounts the war time experience of a young and energetic 27-year-old Vietnamese doctor who gives up her life for the sake of others. It…. [read more]


Vietnam Lessons Gained From the American Misadventure Essay

… Vietnam Lessons

Lessons Gained from the American Misadventure in Vietnam

The Vietnam War may only be called a success by the most optimistic and selective of American memories. The goals of reunification of North and South, of preventing the permanence of Communist rule and of impeding on the proliferation of socialist values throughout Southeast Asia would all go unmet. And in reflection, we are inclined to view Vietnam as being valuable only for the lessons which can be used to prevent us from making the same mistakes again. It is thus that we consider the diplomatic, presidential and cultural dimensions of a war that should perhaps never have been broached.

Diplomatic Negotiations:

It is difficult to suggest that any lessons have been learned from Vietnam…. [read more]


Vietnam War Lessons Essay

… Presidents Johnson and Nixon made a huge mistake by refusing to admit America's mistakes in Vietnam. They continued to fight an unwinnable war just because they did not want to look like "losers." In reality, however, both leaders turned out to be bigger "losers" by not admitting their mistakes in time. This history lesson suggests that rationality and realism -- not arrogance and delusion -- should define Presidential leadership.

Finally, the Vietnam War teaches us important lessons in cultural and social contexts. The most important among these perhaps is that not understanding the culture of the enemy may be fatal. Moss (2010) makes it clear that the United States did not understand the Vietnamese culture. Americans viewed their enemies as Communists who were part of…. [read more]


Lessons From Vietnam Essay

… First, the peninsula had been under French Colonial control for years, finally receiving independence in the 1950s, but leaving them with a taste of paranoia towards the West. The Saigon government, however, was Western backed. Many Vietnamese saw their struggle not as one of Communism vs. Capitalism, but of the right to hegemony in their own country, and a right towards their own culture. Americans had a difficult time in Vietnam for several reasons. First, they were unable to tell a North Vietnamese from a South Vietnamese -- most did not wear uniforms; many had extended families throughout the peninsula, and most simply wanted all foreigners out of their country. Second, the West had no idea to what lengths of privation and suffering the Vietnamese…. [read more]


Vietnam War and the Effects it Had on Those Who Served During This Time Essay

… Things They Carried After the War:

The Soldier's Psychological and Physical Scars from the Vietnam War

"Twenty years. A lot like yesterday, a lot like never. In a way, maybe, I'd gone under with Kiowa, and now after two decades I'd finally worked myself out. A hot afternoon, a bright August sun, and the war was over." -- Tim O'Brien from the Things They Carried

In the novel the Things They Carried which chronicles a soldier's journey in the years following the war, the protagonist spends two decades trying to move beyond the memory of the Vietnam War demonstrating the devastating, lasting, and complex toll that the War had upon the individual soldier. This journey toward redemption and solace is not unlike the journey of…. [read more]

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