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Mind and Behaviour Investigators Essay

… Contingent problems of qualitative interviews are those which may or may not be issues depending on whether attention is given to certain aspects of the study. These types of problems include the interviewer being deleted from the interpretation of findings, flaws in how the interactions are represented, how specific observations are, not knowing how interviews are set up, and sometimes failure to see the interview situation as an interaction (Potter & Hepburn, 2005). These are widespread problems that are found commonly throughout research based on qualitative interviews, and psychological research in general could be drastically improved by correcting these problems (Potter & Hepburn, 2005). Potter & Hepburn (2005) suggest that a starting point toward correcting these problems would be for researchers to acknowledge the presence…. [read more]

Psychology Throughout Its History Essay

… This led Darwin to believe that facial expressions, such as smiling and frowning, could be cultural responses rather than instinctive ones. While physiological responses to danger could be the result of ancient evolution, some of the responses we display today could be the result of cultural evolution rather than instinct. While Darwin never had the opportunity to gather enough evidence to support his view, his work was continued by other psychologists. Only in the 1970s were psychologists able to establish that the facial expressions and even posture triggered by certain emotional states were indeed instinctive across the human race, regardless of culture or personal history.

Evolutionary psychology plays a role when the individual learns to override inappropriate instinctual responses by means of control mechanisms. Not…. [read more]

Social Research -- Public Behavior Term Paper

… Social Research -- Public Behavior

Public behavior of individuals often reflects social patterns and interpersonal dynamics that may not be readily apparent without careful observation (Henslin, 2005; Macionis, 2006). Sometimes, apparently simple social interactions and behavioral choices are influenced by perceived expectations, relations between genders, and even the availability of plausible excuses for violating general social norms and expectations (Myers & Spencer, 2007). Social norms and expectations of ordinary gestures of politeness provide opportunities for social research to the extent that experiments can be devised to isolate specific behaviors and behavioral choices in situations where various options are available to individuals (Henslin, 2005; Macionis, 2006)

In this experiment, the behavior selected for observation consisted of the behavioral choices of individuals to observe common expectations of…. [read more]

Personality Theory Term Paper

… In a way the domains of individual differences which have similar surface manifestations are differentiated by the Big Five. Although it has only just started that we have begun to explicate the processes and structures which are underlying them. "Explication in explanatory and mechanistic terms will change the definition and assessment of the Big Five dimensions as we know them today" (as cited in John and Srivastava, 1990, p. 44).

Describe, compare and contrast the Big Five factors and the Big Three factors; the areas of experience, behavior and life that have been found to be related to each; and what relationships have been found in these areas.

Like its name, there are three broad superfactors whose importance is emphasized on in the Big Three…. [read more]

Terrorist Mind: Terrorism Essay

… The differences in focus have contributed to the development of varying conceptual frameworks in terrorism. There are various theories of analyzing the mind of the terrorist such as psychological theories, psychopathological theory, rational choice theory, sociological theories, and psychological theories. Since these theories provide varying explanations and analysis of the mind of the terrorist, some of them are more effective than others.

One of the most effective theories of analyzing the mind of the terrorist is the rational choice theory that is used when the terrorist does not meet the diagnostic criteria for a major mental illness or sociopathy (Victoroff, 2005, p.14). As a result, the theory is based on the assumption that terrorist action and behavior originates from a rational, conscious, and calculated decision.…. [read more]

Ethical Behavior Theory in Organizations Term Paper

… Moreover, unethical and immoral practices on the Wall Street, "pension scandals in which disreputable executives gamble on risky business ventures with employees' retirement funds, companies that expose their workers to hazardous working conditions, and blatant favoritism in hiring and promotion practices" are all the call of the day (Ronald: 505). These vicious activities and the common practice of other illegal and immoral actions address the formidable task that lies ahead involving the minimization of illegal practices and augmentation of ethical and virtuous activities through the implementation of value-generating and ethics-enhancing policies and morally-binding rules and regulations.

Nonetheless, the apparent challenge becomes harder when American firms operating in foreign countries are faced with ironic and awkward situations. Working under such circumstances and such workplaces or countries…. [read more]

Primate Behavior Research Essay

… Humans do the same thing. There becomes and adjustment from one environment to another. Research has shown that the brain of the monkey has the same size and biological makeup as the human brain with the divided lobes. The visual sight is straight forward with overlapping view, just like the human. Monkeys have the same social factors as humans in the respect they live in families and raise their young in the same manner. Their life cycle and reproductive cycles are the same as well. Psychological research is done on monkeys to understand human behaviors and develop ways to treat psychological illness.

Because they have the same body structure and biological makeup, such as the muscle design, design of the feet and hands, can walk…. [read more]

Business Organizational Behavior Theory and the Modern Term Paper

… Business

Organizational Behavior Theory and the Modern Learning Organization

Companies are in many ways like people. They grow. They learn. They undertake new tasks and responsibilities. For years, psychologists have studied how individual human beings make decisions; how men and women process information, pool their ideas, and arrive at workable solutions to problems. Behavioral psychologists analyze and quantify the full range of cognitive processes. But as many in the business world now realize, many of these same cognitive paradigms apply as well to their own organizations. A corporation ultimately arrives at its decisions in much the same way as an individual, or collection of individuals. The organization of the company is broadly similar to the organization of any group. The successful business is not static…. [read more]

Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Developmental Theories Term Paper

… Anna can also be assisted by joining group therapy sessions with people suffering from the same ailment. This will aid her open up and share her issues with people suffering from the same. She will also learn how these people deal with their issues and embrace those practices. Increasing her self-esteem will also go a long way in making her a responsible parent and adult. Anna needs to know how to value, love and accept herself thus making her feel good about herself (Shaffer, 2009).

Anna also needs to undergo parental training. Parents play a crucial part in the overall development of their children. Once Anna has learnt how to accept and love herself, she must train herself how to raise her child appropriately. Spiritual…. [read more]

Criminal Profiling as an Aid Research Paper

… Furthermore, there appears to be a professional bias against profiling, which exists not only among law enforcement professionals, but also among psychiatrists and psychologists. In general, mental health professionals had a negative impression of profiling. "Fewer than half of the forensic mental health professionals felt that either profiling or criminal investigative analysis was reliable, was valid, or had enough scientific support to be admitted into court. Perceptions were especially negative among those who received the version of the survey using the term profiling. These forensic mental health professionals rated profiling to be significantly less reliable and valid than those who were given the term criminal investigative analysis for the same process. These findings support the position that profiling is likely to be viewed more favorably…. [read more]

Child Psychology Child Development Term Paper

… Child Psychology

Child development is a constantly changing psycho/social discipline with almost countless theories associated with it. The fundamental nature of children and how they develop to become either successful adults or unsuccessful adults to varying degrees is the essential question of the future and therefore the study of child development is a mass of information encompassing theories of all kinds regarding physical, cognitive, personality, moral, social-emotional, identity, and spiritual development of individuals at all points encompassing what we know as childhood. Additionally, this mass of ideas constitutes a collection of many structured theories about all kinds of development. This work will attempt to give an overview of the history of old and emerging child development theories in all their changing perspectives. This work will…. [read more]

Social Variables in the Development and Maintenance Thesis

… ¶ … Social Variables in the Development and Maintenance of Business Relationships with Libyan Companies

The Need for the Research

Expected Contribution to Knowledge

Review of the Chapters

Review of Chapter 2 (Literature Review)

Review of Chapter 3 (Research Methodology)

Review of Chapter 4 (Research Findings)

101.5.4 Review of Chapter 5 (Research Discussion)

101.5.5 Review of Chapter 6 (Recommendation & Conclusion)

101.5.6 Review of Reference List

122.1 Why the Business Relationship is Important

132.2 Social Variables in the Development of Business Relationships

142.2.1 Cultural Affinity


202.2.3 Commitment

222.2.4 Experience

252.2.5 Satisfaction

262.2.6 Communication

Stages in the Development of a Business Relationship

322.3.1 Pre-contact

332.3.2. Initial Interaction

352.3.3 Development

352.3.4 Maturity

Research Methodology

373.1 Introduction

373.2 Definition of research methodology

383.3 Research Design

393.4 Research…. [read more]

Social Psychology Studies: Explaining Irrational Term Paper

… However, some have questioned whether these results would have been the same if the groups of people had known one another. In the experiment, the boys were not acquainted with one another prior to the experiment. Believing that such a scenario is too artificial to make it generalizable to the population at large, Tyerman and Spencer conducted a similar experiment, but used an existing Scout troop, where the boys knew one another, as the source of the study population (Tyerman & Spencer, 1983, p.519, para.5). Moreover, the divisions in the study were natural divisions. "The subjects had been accustomed to functioning within their four distinct patrol groups at previous camps, meetings and other activities over a long period. At camp, the seven-boy patrol units, although…. [read more]

Controlling Our Emotions? Emotional Literacy Research Paper

… g., Ekman & Friesen, 1975; Nowicki & Mitchell, 1998; Scherer, Banse, & Wallbott, 2001). When focused on the self, this dimension is related to greater emotional awareness (Lane, Quinlan, Schwartz, Walker, & Zeitlin, 1990), lower alexithymia (Apfel & Sifneos, 1979), and less ambivalence about emotional expressivity (King, 1998; King & Emmons, 1990). When focused on other people, this dimension encompasses what is meant by affect sensitivity (Campbell, Kagan, & Krathwohl, 1971), affect-receiving ability (Buck, 1976) and nonverbal sensitivity (Rosenthal, Hall, DiMatteo, Rogers, & Archer, 1979).

Use of emotion to facilitate thought

The second branch of El concerns the ability to use emotions to focus attention and to think more rationally, logically, and creatively. Using emotions may require the ability to harness feelings that assist in…. [read more]

Medical Model and Learned Helplessness Term Paper

… ¶ … Medical Model and Learned helplessness in the movie, "One flew over the cuckoo's nest"

Towards the nineteenth century, focus on the science of psychology has become prevalent with recent developments in the field, such as the introduction of psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund Freud, as well as medical and scientific technologies that probed deeper into the study of human thought and behavior. Parallel to the proliferation of new scientific and medical discoveries in psychology is the prevalence of literary works and visual materials that provide information about psychology, specifically depictions of people diagnosed to have illnesses associated with abnormal psychology.

Abnormal psychology, as a field of study in psychological science, elicits interest among people because it provides a new perspective in understanding human behavior…. [read more]

Breach of Faith Research Paper

… Even with the consolidation of these security-related functions under one Branch, the FBI's security functions still remain fragmented and ultimately lacking. For example, while Counterintelligence and Intelligence are both divisions of the National Security Branch, a Security Division still remains under the control of the Associate Deputy Director. Furthermore, the Bureau still lacks one of the most important assets recommended by the Webster Commission: a unit dedicated to information system security, clearly an important aspect of overall security considering that much of Hanssen's success depended on being able to use the FBI's automated databases without fear of being flagged for suspicious behavior, or even identified at all (Webster, 2002, p. 4).

Just as the FBI's security issues prior to Hanssen's arrest were microcosmic of the…. [read more]

Working for a Community Mental Term Paper

… (Burke, Loeber, & Birmaher, 2002).

A later research was, however, more optimistic.

In 2003, Kumpfer and Alvorado published an article in the distinguished "American Psychologist" that demonstrated that although studies unanimously show that effective parenting is the most promising way to reducing adolescent conduct problems, most counselors still use ineffective programs. The authors reviewed two federal studies that involved comprehensive searches for effective programs that dealt with conduct disorder. The Federal programs that the authors used as case histories were: (a) Preventing Substance Abuse amongst Children and Adolescents, and (b) Strengthening America's families.

The authors, consequently, singled out 3 effective prevention approaches; 35 programs; and 13 principles of effectiveness. They thereupon recommended further research on training but cautioned researchers to adjust their discoveries according to…. [read more]

William James Was a Prominent Term Paper

… Besides being able to be classified as an "eminent" psychologist, can James also be classified as a figure that fits the Zeitgeist, or the spirit of the times? One can try to classify James in this way simply by comparing James' work to that of other prominent authors and philosophers of his time.

James lived in the Modernist era. During this era, authors, artists and philosophers were all struggling to disprove the notions of Romanticism and Classicism. This is made evident by the sarcastic way in which T.E. Hulme, a prominent Modernist author, describes Romanticism. "You might say if you wished that the whole of the romantic attitude seems to crystallize in verse round metaphors of flight...[one] is always flying, flying over abysses, flying up…. [read more]

Garbology Analyzing Artifacts Human Beings Term Paper

… The quantity of garbage was quite small, which further added to the assumption, but there was no truth found.

2. What behaviors produced the trash?

Answer: just as in any family, there are routine behaviors that produces certain types and amounts of garbage. In this particular instance, because of a variety in foodstuffs, especially in the fruits and vegetables found, as well as the various kinds of meat, cooking can be assumed to have been undertaken in a large amount. Furthermore, because of some rubber gloves found, as well as some cleaning product containers, one can assume that this family did a lot of cleaning as well. Lastly, it is important that newspapers and magazines, as well as printed documents were found, which prove that…. [read more]

Dissociative Identity Disorder Formerly Known as Multiple Personality Term Paper

… Multiple Personality Disorder the first published example of multiple personality was... "A Double Consciousness, or a Duality of Person in the Same Individual." Mary Reynolds was born in England in 1793, and was brought to Pennsylvania by her family when she was four years old. The girl was intelligent. She grew up in a strongly religious atmosphere and became melancholy, shy, and given to solitary religious devotions and meditations. She was considered normal until she was about eighteen. Then she began to have occasional "fits," which were evidently hysterical. One of these attacks, when she was about nineteen years old, left her blind and deaf for five or six weeks. Some three months later, she slept eighteen or twenty hours, and awoke seeming to know…. [read more]

Efficacy of Handwriting Analyses Essay

… Consequently, investigation of as many of the characteristics and features as possible must be the best advice to anyone questioning the validity of any piece of writing."

Finally, Horswell (2004) adds that it would be foolhardy to go to court armed with insufficient examples of handwriting samples in an effort to persuade the trier of facts because this evidence will not be admissible. According to Horswell, "In order to make an accurate identification, sufficient handwriting must be available on which to base an opinion. This means that all questioned material is needed, as well as sufficient exemplars or known specimens."

Assuming a sufficient quantity of exemplars are available, the frequency of various handwriting characteristics becomes possible, again depending on the one-of-a-kind qualities of the handwriting…. [read more]

Dream Content as Therapy: Ego vs. Repression Dissertation

… For example: a parent has repeating nightmares, and the child "dreams his dreams " because the child is in a psychic resonance with the parent. The child's dreams end when the parent's does. Four, it might be a repetition of a past traumatic event in current lifetime. For example: a person might dream of a recent rape, a childhood assault or a wartime battle. This type of nightmare is so deeply etched in the psyche that it can require heavy use of behavioral dream-work techniques to modify the content and emotional intensity.

A fifth factor could be that the dream is a depiction of a past or probable life. For example: a client might dream the last events prior to a violent…. [read more]

In-Depth Interviewing as a Methodology Methodology Chapter

… ¶ … Interviewing as a Methodology

The interview coordinates a conversation aimed at obtaining desired information. He or she makes the initial contact, schedules the event, designates its location, sets out the ground rules, and then begins to question the interviewee. Questions elicit answers in more or less anticipatable format until the interviewer's agenda is completed and the interview ends. Gubrium & Holstein discuss in their writing that the interview is a viable procedure useful in securing knowledge. Individuals have not always been viewed as important sources of knowledge about their own experiences. Particular forms of questioning have been around for a while. The style of interviewing can be traced back to parents and children, prisoners and lawyers etc. The basic interview changed after World…. [read more]

Sexual Harassment and Men's Empathic Accuracy Thesis



Farrow and Woodruff (2007) state that 'empathic inference' is the 'everyday mind reading' that people do whenever they attempt to infer other people's thoughts and feelings." 'Empathic accuracy' according to Farrow and Woodruff is "...the extent to which such everyday mind reading attempts are successful." (2007) the work of Hans Werner Bierhoff entitled: "Prosocial Behavior" states from "the cognitive definition of empathy, inferences concerning the thoughts, feelings and intentions of other are of central importance." (2004) Farrow and Woodruff state that 'empathic accuracy' is "...a quintessential aspect of emotional intelligence. The ability to accurately 'read' other people's thoughts and feelings is a fundamental skill that affects people's social adjustment in many different…. [read more]

Crime Scene Investigation: Homicide Term Paper

… The children were not more than a year old. Both were tiny and innocent victims and for moments I considered these parents unworthy of such blessings. Emotionally I wondered what such a tragedy might do to my own family, possibly destroying my motivation for living. There is some indication that the father in this case might be placed on suicide watch, suffering psychologically from these deaths and the death of his wife (who it seems from the investigation took a lethal dose of prescription pills after suffocating the children). The individual lost his life partner but also his children.


This crime is in no way justifiable and reveals just how cruel the world can sometimes be to even the most innocent of victims. Even…. [read more]

Challenger Launch Decision Joe Kilminster Term Paper

… They should approach the primary sources of decision in discovering what really happened and what institutional forces were considered. They should seek out direct links among actions and decisions made by primary sources and how these were influenced or programmed by operational, technical, financial and other managerial influences within and without. From there, the "decision stream" can be constructed in a chronological order around the time of the accident or event and against which the organization's world view can be drawn.

She also suggests that investigators go through incomplete or erroneous system definitions, the existing knowledge of system operation and system performance and their roles in decision-making. They should choose a method that will enable them to discover, find and ask the right questions of…. [read more]

Cholesterol & Hypercholesterolemia Treatment Thesis

… Those with abnormal levels (total cholesterol more than 200 mg/dL or HDL less than 40 mg/dL), will go on to have a test called fasting lipid profile (in which the person being tested refrains from eating for 8 to 12 hours, usually overnight, prior to the test) (Anderson et al., 2001). The fasting test will indicate whether or not total cholesterol levels fall within the normal range (between 140 and 200 mg/dL), are moderately high (between 200 and 240 mg/dL), or if they are in the very high range (240 mg/dL or greater) (Anderson et al., 2001). This blood test also reveals the levels of LDL, HDL, and triglycerides; according to guidelines released by the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), the optimal level for LDL…. [read more]

Influence of Women on the Progress of Knowledge Dissertation

… ¶ … Henry Thomas Buckle's original 1858 discourse concerning the contributions of women to the progress of knowledge to determine how relevant these concepts remain today, and to expand on his origins premise that although women reason differently from men, the contributions to the progress of knowledge made by women over the centuries are worthy of further study today. To this end, the study examines different types of knowledge and how women have affected progress in these domains through a critical review of the relevant literature, including open source media such as Wikipedia, but peer-reviewed and scholarly sources as well. A summary of the research and a synthesis of the findings are presented in the study's conclusion concerning the contributions of women to the progress…. [read more]

Function of This Study Is to Investigate Term Paper

… ¶ … function of this study is to investigate the correlation between the frequency of corporal punishment and the students' grade level, gender, and rural vs. urban schools. Current literature examines the aforementioned correlations in other parts of the world, but no such literature exists for Taiwan. The outcomes of this study may become catalysts for policies and advocacy programs that diminish the corporal punishment of students by teachers in Taiwan.

The data necessary for this study has been gathered by various organizations in Taiwan over the years, but little has been done to analyze the data further so that a more comprehensive understanding of the corporal punishment of students can take place. The current study is based on secondary data analysis of available data…. [read more]

DRNC Scenario Term Paper

… DNRC Scenario


Ethics or moral philosophy is about what is right or wrong, the basis of the choice we make each day and how we ought to live (Banks, 2004). Specifically, there is a need for a system of clear ground rules and principles to guide in making difficult decisions in moral issues and situations. Otherwise, these decisions will be drawn from emotion, instinct or personal values, which cannot adequately fare along in dealing with moral dilemmas. These dilemmas include the use of discretion, force, and the due process involved in rendering the correct and moral judgment on a situation. Ethics also sensitizes one to matters of right and wrong and the right way to behave as well as helps in identifying actions,…. [read more]

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